Results for 'Majid Sadeghi'

318 found
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  1.  59
    A tailored educational intervention improves doctor's performance in managing depression: a randomized controlled trial.Mandana Shirazi, Kirsti Lonka, Sagar V. Parikh, Gunilla Ristner, Farshid Alaeddini, Majid Sadeghi & Rolf Wahlstrom - 2013 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 19 (1):16-24.
  2.  45
    Applying a modified Prochaska?s model of readiness to change for general practitioners on depressive disorders in CME programmes: validation of tool.Mandana Shirazi, Seyed Mohammad Assadi, Majid Sadeghi, Ali A. Zeinaloo, Ahmad S. Kashani, Mohammad Arbabi, Farshid Alaedini, Kirsti Lonka & Rolf Wahlstrom - 2007 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 13 (2):298-302.
  3.  75
    Substantial motion, 400 years of wishful thinking!Majid Borumand - manuscript
    The concept of Substantial motion (حركت جوهرى) is fundamentally flawed and severely muddled. Aristotle and Mulla Sadra’s conception of motion, substance (جوهر) and substantial form صورت نوعيه)) were all based on a severe misunderstanding of nature as later was established by the scientists and philosophers that came after them. Here, by recalling the established facts of modern science, particularly the universally accepted scientific fact that, properties of objects are reducible to the motion of their electrons and there’s no such thing (...)
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  4.  71
    Ṣan‘ā’ 1 and the Origins of the Qur’ān.Behnam Sadeghi & Mohsen Goudarzi - 2012 - Der Islam: Journal of the History and Culture of the Middle East 87 (1-2):1-129.
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  5.  28
    Switching adaptive controllers to control fractional-order complex systems with unknown structure and input nonlinearities.Majid Roohi, Mohammad Pourmahmood Aghababa & Ahmad Reza Haghighi - 2016 - Complexity 21 (2):211-223.
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  6.  14
    The Dynamics of Foreign Language Enjoyment: An Ecological Momentary Assessment.Majid Elahi Shirvan, Tahereh Taherian & Elham Yazdanmehr - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  7.  31
    Vision dominates in perceptual language: English sensory vocabulary is optimized for usage.Bodo Winter, Marcus Perlman & Asifa Majid - 2018 - Cognition 179 (C):213-220.
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  8. Thagard’s coherentism. [REVIEW]Majid Amini - 2000 - Philosophical Books 43 (2):136-140.
  9.  34
    A critical analysis of Markovian monism.Majid D. Beni - 2021 - Synthese 199 (3-4):6407-6427.
    Free Energy Principle underlies a unifying framework that integrates theories of origins of life, cognition, and action. Recently, FEP has been developed into a Markovian monist perspective. The paper expresses scepticism about the validity of arguments for Markovian monism. The critique is based on the assumption that Markovian models are scientific models, and while we may defend ontological theories about the nature of scientific models, we could not read off metaphysical theses about the nature of target systems from our theories (...)
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  10.  1
    Fuzzy Logic for Scientific Discoveries in Fuzziological Epistemology.Ahmad Sadeghi - 2024 - International Journal of Philosophy 12 (2):27-37.
    All types of logic started with Aristotle and have been corrected as a traditional, formal, conditional, classical logic and even modern logic carry the main problems of Aristotelian logic. Despite their important differences, because of these core commonalities they are all called Classical Logic. The fundamental limitations of classical logic make it impossible to advance the knowledge necessary to solve growing human problems. All human knowledge, especially scientific knowledge is based on the logical principles that seem to hinder the knowledge (...)
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  11.  41
    Cognitive Structural Realism: A Radical Solution to the Problem of Scientific Representation.Majid Davoody Beni - 2019 - Cham: Springer Verlag.
    In this book, the author develops a new form of structural realism and deals with the problem of representation. The work combines two distinguished developments of the Semantic View of Theories, namely Structural Realism, a flourishing theory from contemporary philosophy of science, and Ronald Giere and colleagues’ Cognitive Models of Science approach. Readers will see how replacing the model-theoretic structures that are at issue in SR with connectionist networks and activations patterns helps us to deal with the problem of representation. (...)
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  12.  14
    Assessment of Artificial Intelligence Models for Developing Single-Value and Loop Rating Curves.Majid Niazkar & Mohammad Zakwan - 2021 - Complexity 2021:1-21.
    Estimation of discharge flowing through rivers is an important aspect of water resource planning and management. The most common way to address this concern is to develop stage-discharge relationships at various river sections. Various computational techniques have been applied to develop discharge ratings and improve the accuracy of estimated discharges. In this regard, the present study explores the application of the novel hybrid multigene genetic programming-generalized reduced gradient technique for estimating river discharges for steady as well as unsteady flows. It (...)
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  13. Can language restructure cognition? The case for space.Asifa Majid, Melissa Bowerman, Sotaro Kita, Daniel B. M. Haun & Stephen C. Levinson - 2004 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (3):108-114.
  14.  53
    Odors are expressible in language, as long as you speak the right language.Asifa Majid & Niclas Burenhult - 2014 - Cognition 130 (2):266-270.
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  15.  64
    Online hate, digital discourse and critique: Exploring digitally-mediated discursive practices of gender-based hostility.Majid KhosraviNik & Eleonora Esposito - 2018 - Lodz Papers in Pragmatics 14 (1):45-68.
    The communicative affordances of the participatory web have opened up new and multifarious channels for the proliferation of hate. In particular, women navigating the cybersphere seem to be the target of a disproportionate amount of hostility. This paper explores the contexts, approaches and conceptual synergies around research on online misogyny within the new communicative paradigm of social media communication. The paper builds on the core principle that online misogyny is demonstrably and inherently a discourse; therefore, the field is envisaged at (...)
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  16.  3
    Cognitive Penetration and Cognitive Realism.Majid D. Beni - 2024 - Episteme 21 (1):270-285.
    The paper addresses the issue of theory-ladenness of observation/experimentation. Motivated by a naturalistic reading of Thomas Kuhn's insights into the same topic, I draw on cognitive neuroscience (predictive coding under Free Energy Principle) to scrutinise theory-ladenness. I equate theory-ladenness with the cognitive penetrability of perceptual inferences and argue that strong theory-ladenness prevails only under uncertain circumstances. This understanding of theory-ladenness is in line with Thomas Kuhn's view on the same subject as well as a cognitive version of modest realism rather (...)
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  17. Fanon's new humanist as antidote to today's colonial violence.Majid Sharifi & Sean Chabot - 2020 - In Dustin Byrd & Seyed Javad Miri (eds.), Frantz Fanon and emancipatory social theory: a view from the wretched. Boston: Brill.
     
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  18.  62
    Variation of wavelet entropy in electroencephalogram signal during neurofeedback training.Majid Ghoshuni, Mohammad Firoozabadi, Mohammad Ali Khalilzadeh & Mohammad Reza Hashemi Golpayegani - 2013 - Complexity 18 (3):18-23.
  19. Reduction, function, and double operationalism in philosophy of biology.Majid Davodi - forthcoming - Philosophical Investigations.
     
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  20.  21
    Al‐e Ahmad, guardianship, and the critique of colonial sovereignty.Eskandar Sadeghi-Boroujerdi & Yaacov Yadgar - 2022 - Constellations 29 (1):19-33.
    Constellations, Volume 29, Issue 1, Page 19-33, March 2022.
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  21.  9
    An integrated FAHP and multi-objective programming approach for green supplier selection and order allocation considering green vehicle routing problem.Alvand Sadeghi - 2018 - International Journal of Management Concepts and Philosophy 11 (2):156.
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  22.  22
    International Communication: A Dialogue of the Deaf?Majid Tehranian - 1983 - Communications 9 (2-3):261-280.
  23. Differential Ineffability and the Senses.Stephen C. Levinson & Asifa Majid - 2014 - Mind and Language 29 (4):407-427.
    Ineffability, the degree to which percepts or concepts resist linguistic coding, is a fairly unexplored nook of cognitive science. Although philosophical preoccupations with qualia or nonconceptual content certainly touch upon the area, there has been little systematic thought and hardly any empirical work in recent years on the subject. We argue that ineffability is an important domain for the cognitive sciences. For examining differential ineffability across the senses may be able to tell us important things about how the mind works, (...)
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  24.  16
    Uninterrupted Censored Darwin: From the Middle East to the Malay‐Indonesian World.Majid Daneshgar - 2020 - Zygon 55 (4):1041-1057.
    This essay outlines the significance of understanding the relationship between Islam and science, particularly from the twentieth century onward. It mainly revolves around the viability of Darwin's evolutionary thought in the Muslim world, which is confronted by various groups of Muslim commentators and scholars. This study goes through various original sources, official documents, former unpublished theses, and Qur’ānic commentaries in Islamic languages from north Africa to the Malay‐Indonesian world to display the uninterrupted challenge of Muslims with European science in general (...)
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  25.  94
    From actor to spectator: Hannah Arendt’s ‘two theories’ of political judgment.Majid Yar - 2000 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 26 (2):1-27.
    The question of judgment has become one of the central problems in recent social, political and ethical thought. This paper explores Hannah Arendt's decisive contribution to this debate by attempting to reconstruct analytically two distinctive perspectives on judgment from the corpus of her writings. By exploring her relation to Aristotelian and Kantian sources, and by uncovering debts and parallels to key thinkers such as Benjamin and Heidegger, it is argued that Arendt's work pinpoints the key antinomy within political judgment itself, (...)
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  26.  14
    Computing text semantic relatedness using the contents and links of a hypertext encyclopedia.Majid Yazdani & Andrei Popescu-Belis - 2013 - Artificial Intelligence 194 (C):176-202.
  27.  14
    Lyndon’s interpolation property for the logic of strict implication.Narbe Aboolian & Majid Alizadeh - 2022 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 30 (1):34-70.
    The main result proves Lyndon’s and Craig’s interpolation properties for the logic of strict implication ${\textsf{F}}$, with a purely syntactical method. A cut-free G3-style sequent calculus $ {\textsf{GF}} $ and its single-succedent variant $ \textsf{GF}_{\textsf{s}} $ are introduced. $ {\textsf{GF}} $ can be extended to a G3-variant of the sequent calculus GBPC3 for Visser’s basic logic. Also a simple syntactic proof of known embedding result of $ {\textsf{F}} $ into $ {\textsf{K}} $ is provided. An extension of $ {\textsf{F}} $, (...)
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  28.  9
    Structuring the Self.Majid Davoody Beni - 2019 - Springer Verlag.
    This book presents a unified account of the self, based on a network of knowledge sourced from several scientific accounts of selfhood. Beni constructs his ontological account of the self from the common structure that underpins the theoretical diversity that is manifested in rival and sometimes incompatible scientific accounts of the self and its aspects. The enterprise is inspired by recent structural realist theories in the philosophy of science, specifying the basic structure of the self, and explaining how representational, phenomenal, (...)
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  29.  3
    Rationality in Islamic Philosophy.Majid Fakhry - 1991 - In Eliot Deutsch & Ronald Bontekoe (eds.), A Companion to World Philosophies. Malden, Mass.: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 504–514.
    The discussion of rationality can only be conducted today against the backdrop of the raging postmodernist and deconstructionist onslaught on the “citadel of reason,” as one writer has put it recently. Although the current postmodernist skirmishes are launched against modernism as represented by Descartes and Kant, it is clear that the proclamation of the bankruptcy of reason or “the end of philosophy,” as both Martin Heidegger and Richard Rorty have put it, goes well beyond the modernism of Descartes and Kant. (...)
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  30.  40
    Syntactical Informational Structural Realism.Majid Davoody Beni - 2018 - Minds and Machines 28 (4):623-643.
    Luciano Floridi’s informational structural realism takes a constructionist attitude towards the problems of epistemology and metaphysics, but the question of the nature of the semantical component of his view remains vexing. In this paper, I propose to dispense with the semantical component of ISR completely. I outline a Syntactical version of ISR. The unified entropy-based framework of information has been adopted as the groundwork of SISR. To establish its realist component, SISR should be able to dissolve the latching problem. We (...)
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  31.  41
    Reconstructing Probabilistic Realism: Re-enacting Syntactical Structures.Majid Davoody Beni - 2020 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 51 (2):293-313.
    Probabilistic realism and syntactical positivism were two among outdated theories that Feigl criticised on account of their semantical poverty. In this paper, I argue that a refined version of probabilistic realism, which relies on what Feigl specified as the pragmatic description of the symbolic behaviour of scientists’ estimations and foresight, is defendable. This version of statistical realism does not need to make the plausibility of realist thesis dependent on the conventional acceptance of a constructed semantic metalanguage. I shall rely on (...)
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  32.  18
    A tale of two architectures.Majid D. Beni - 2022 - Consciousness and Cognition 98 (C):103257.
  33.  78
    Structural realist account of the self.Majid Davoody Beni - 2016 - Synthese 193 (12):3727-3740.
    In this paper, inspired by the late twentieth century developments in philosophy of science, I propose an ontological scheme to accommodate the scientifically-informed anti-substantivalist views of the self. I call the position structural realist theory of the self. More specifically, I argue that SRS provides a middle ground for bringing a metaphysical reconciliation between the two recurring, and apparently competing forms of such anti-substantivalist views, i.e., eliminativism and pluralism. The notion of the structural self, as the underpinning pattern that is (...)
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  34. Kojève, Alexandre.Majid Yar - 2001 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
     
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  35.  51
    Aligning the free-energy principle with Peirce’s logic of science and economy of research.Majid D. Beni & Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2021 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 11 (3):1-21.
    The paper proposes a way to naturalise Charles S. Peirce’s conception of the scientific method, which he specified in terms of abduction, deduction and induction. The focus is on the central issue of the economy of research in abduction and self-correction by error reduction in induction. We show how Peirce’s logic of science receives support from modern breakthroughs in computational neuroscience, and more specifically from Karl Friston’s statements of active inference and the Free Energy Principle, namely the account of how (...)
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  36.  28
    Dosis sola facit venenum: reconceptualising biological realism.Majid D. Beni - 2022 - Biology and Philosophy 37 (6):1-18.
    Richard Levins’s (Am Sci 54(4):421–431, 1966) paper sets a landmark for the significance of scientific model-making in biology. Colombo and Palacios (Biol Philos 36(5):1–26. 10.1007/s10539-021-09818-x, 2021) have recently built their critique of the explanatory power of the Free Energy Principle on Levins’s insight into the relationship between generality, realism, and precision. This paper addresses the issue of the plausibility of biological explanations that are grounded in the Free Energy Principle (FEP) and deals with the question of the realist fortitude of (...)
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  37.  17
    Anger stinks in Seri: Olfactory metaphor in a lesser-described language.Asifa Majid & Carolyn O’Meara - 2020 - Cognitive Linguistics 31 (3):367-391.
    Previous studies claim there are few olfactory metaphors cross-linguistically, especially compared to metaphors originating in the visual and auditory domains. We show olfaction can be a source for metaphor and metonymy in a lesser-described language that has rich lexical resources for talking about odors. In Seri, an isolate language of Mexico spoken by indigenous hunter-gatherers, we find a novel metaphor for emotion never previously described – “anger stinks”. In addition, distinct odor verbs are used metaphorically to distinguish volitional vs. non-volitional (...)
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  38.  60
    The cross-linguistic categorization of everyday events: A study of cutting and breaking.Asifa Majid, James S. Boster & Melissa Bowerman - 2008 - Cognition 109 (2):235-250.
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  39.  27
    From nature to history, and back again: Blumenberg, Strauss and the Hobbesian community.Majid Yar - 2002 - History of the Human Sciences 15 (3):53-73.
    This article explores the origins of the problematic of political community by considering it in relation to the founding principles of `modern thought'. These principles are identified with the extirpation of moral values and ends from nature, in keeping with the rise of a `disenchanted' and mechanical scientific world-view. The transition from an `ancient' to a `modern' world-view is elaborated by drawing upon the work of Hans Blumenberg and Leo Strauss. The `demoralization' of nature, it is claimed, projects the formation (...)
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  40.  46
    The semantic categories of cutting and breaking events: A crosslinguistic perspective.Asifa Majid, Melissa Bowerman, Miriam van Staden & James S. Boster - 2007 - Cognitive Linguistics 18 (2).
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  41.  22
    A Comparative Analysis of the Content of Classic and Modern Pashtun Films with Pashtun Literature.Majid Shah, Martin A. M. Gansinger & Ayman Kole - 2018 - In Proceedings of the 96th IASEM International Conference, Cambridge, December 19th, 2017. Cambridge, USA: IASEM.
    The aim of this study is to explore the representation of Pashtuns in Pashtu classic (before 1985) and modern (after 2000) movies and what is the difference of the portrayal of these movies and Pashtun literature. In particular, this study investigated in which time frame the depiction of Pashtun is positive and similar to their academic descriptions. A mixed methods approach consisting of qualitative case study, content analysis and comparative semiotic analysis was used to examine the content of the movies. (...)
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  42. Proceedings of the 96th IASEM International Conference, Cambridge, December 19th, 2017.Majid Shah, Martin A. M. Gansinger & Ayman Kole - 2018
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  43.  22
    The Failure of Man’s Dominance over the World in the Beckettian Drama: Endgame Case Study.Majid Shirvani & Cristina Georgiana Voicu - 2018 - Postmodern Openings 9 (2):145-160.
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  44.  16
    Hannah Arendt.Majid Yar - 2001 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  45.  2
    Solving the Traveling Salesman Problem: A Modified Metaheuristic Algorithm.Majid Yousefikhoshbakht - 2021 - Complexity 2021:1-13.
    The traveling salesman problem is one of the most important issues in combinatorial optimization problems that are used in many engineering sciences and has attracted the attention of many scientists and researchers. In this issue, a salesman starts to move from a desired node called warehouse and returns to the starting place after meeting n customers provided that each customer is only met once. The aim of this issue is to determine a cycle with a minimum cost for this salesman. (...)
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  46.  33
    A free energy reconstruction of arguments for panpsychism.Majid D. Beni - 2021 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 22 (2):399-416.
    The paper draws on scientific resources formed around the notion of Free Energy Principle to reconstruct two well-known defences of panpsychism. I reconstruct the argument from continuity by expanding the mind-life continuity thesis under the rubric of the Free Energy Principle (FEP), by showing that FEP does not provide an objective criterion for demarcating the living from the inanimate. Then I will reconstruct the argument from intrinsic nature. The FEP-based account of consciousness is centred on the notion of ‘temporal depth’ (...)
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  47.  53
    Epistemic Informational Structural Realism.Majid Davoody Beni - 2016 - Minds and Machines 26 (4):323-339.
    The paper surveys Floridi’s attempt for laying down informational structural realism. After considering a number of reactions to the pars destruens of Floridi’s attack on the digital ontology, I show that Floridi’s enterprise for enriching the ISR by borrowing elements from the ontic form of structural realism is blighted by a haunting inconsistency. ISR has been originally developed by Floridi as a restricted and level dependent form of structural realism which remains mainly bonded within the borders of a Kantian perspective. (...)
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  48.  18
    Digital meaning-making across content and practice in social media critical discourse studies.Majid KhosraviNik - 2022 - Critical Discourse Studies 19 (2):119-123.
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  49.  85
    Structural Realism, Metaphysical Unification, and the Ontology and Epistemology of Patterns.Majid Davoody Beni - 2017 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 31 (3):285-300.
    ABSTRACTLadyman and Ross’s account of the metaphysical component of ontic structural realism was associated with a unificationist view of the connection between fundamental physics and special sciences. The aim of the present article is to assess the sense of unification that is at issue in Ladyman and Ross’s definition of metaphysics. Given the ontic core of Ladyman and Ross’s version of structural realism, it should be assumed that the unifying endeavour is worthwhile only if the connective links that underpin unification (...)
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  50. Conjuring Cognitive Structures: Towards a Unified Model of Cognition.Majid Beni - 2019 - In Matthieu Fontaine, Cristina Barés-Gómez, Francisco Salguero-Lamillar, Lorenzo Magnani & Ángel Nepomuceno-Fernández (eds.), Model-Based Reasoning in Science and Technology: Inferential Models for Logic, Language, Cognition and Computation. Springer Verlag.
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