Results for 'Maartje Ridder'

273 found
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  1.  17
    A Qualitative Study on Experiences and Perspectives of Members of a Dutch Medical Research Ethics Committee.Rien M. J. P. A. Janssens, Wieke E. Van der Borg, Maartje Ridder, Mariëlle Diepeveen, Benjamin Drukarch & Guy A. M. Widdershoven - 2020 - HEC Forum 32 (1):63-75.
    The aim of this research was to gain insight into the experiences and perspectives of individual members of a Medical Research Ethics Committee regarding their individual roles and possible tensions within and between these roles. We conducted a qualitative interview study among members of a large MREC, supplemented by a focus group meeting. Respondents distinguish five roles: protector, facilitator, educator, advisor and assessor. Central to the role of protector is securing valid informed consent and a proper risk-benefit analysis. The role (...)
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  2.  9
    A Qualitative Study on Experiences and Perspectives of Members of a Dutch Medical Research Ethics Committee.Rien M. J. P. A. Janssens, Wieke E. van der Borg, Maartje Ridder, Mariëlle Diepeveen, Benjamin Drukarch & Guy A. M. Widdershoven - 2020 - HEC Forum 32 (1):63-75.
    The aim of this research was to gain insight into the experiences and perspectives of individual members of a Medical Research Ethics Committee regarding their individual roles and possible tensions within and between these roles. We conducted a qualitative interview study among members of a large MREC, supplemented by a focus group meeting. Respondents distinguish five roles: protector, facilitator, educator, advisor and assessor. Central to the role of protector is securing valid informed consent and a proper risk-benefit analysis. The role (...)
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  3. Jeroen de Ridder.Jeroen de Ridder - unknown - Wijsgerig Perspectief 50 (2).
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  4. Religious Exclusivism Unlimited: JEROEN DE RIDDER.Jeroen de Ridder - 2011 - Religious Studies 47 (4):449-463.
    Like David Silver before them, Erik Baldwin and Michael Thune argue that the facts of religious pluralism present an insurmountable challenge to the rationality of basic exclusive religious belief as construed by Reformed Epistemology. I will show that their argument is unsuccessful. First, their claim that the facts of religious pluralism make it necessary for the religious exclusivist to support her exclusive beliefs with significant reasons is one that the reformed epistemologist has the resources to reject. Secondly, they fail to (...)
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  5.  52
    The Routledge Handbook of Political Epistemology.Michael Hannon & Jeroen de Ridder (eds.) - 2021 - Routledge.
    This handbook provides an overview of key ideas, questions, and puzzles in political epistemology. It is divided into seven sections: (1) Politics and Truth: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives; (2) Political Disagreement and Polarization; (3) Fake News, Propaganda, Misinformation; (4) Ignorance and Irrationality in Politics; (5) Epistemic Virtues and Vices in Politics; (6) Democracy and Epistemology; (7) Trust, Expertise, and Doubt.
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  6.  6
    To: “Introduction to Special Section: Ambient Noise,” Sjoerd de Ridder, Florent Brenguier, Farnoush Forghani, Erica Galetti, Nori Nakata, and Cornelis Weemstra, Interpretation, 4, No. 3, SJi, Doi: 10.1190/INT-2016-0627-SPSEINTRO.1. [REVIEW]Sjoerd de Ridder, Florent Brenguier, Farnoush Forghani, Erica Galetti, Nori Nakata & Cornelis Weemstra - 2016 - Interpretation: SEG 4 (4):Y3-Y3.
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  7. The Point of Political Belief.Michael Hannon & Jeroen de Ridder - 2021 - In Michael Hannon & Jeroen de Ridder (eds.), Routledge Handbook of Political Epistemology. Routledge.
    An intuitive and widely accepted view is that (a) beliefs aim at truth, (b) many citizens have stable and meaningful political beliefs, and (c) citizens choose to support political candidates or parties on the basis of their political beliefs. We argue that all three claims are false. First, we argue that political beliefs often differ from ordinary world-modelling beliefs because they do not aim at truth. Second, we draw on empirical evidence from political science and psychology to argue that most (...)
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  8.  21
    On the Validity of Simulating Stagewise Development by Means of PDP Networks: Application of Catastrophe Analysis and an Experimental Test of Rule‐Like Network Performance.Maartje E. J. Raijmakers, Sylvester Koten & Peter C. M. Molenaar - 1996 - Cognitive Science 20 (1):101-136.
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  9. Moral Enhancement: Do Means Matter Morally?Farah Focquaert & Maartje Schermer - 2015 - Neuroethics 8 (2):139-151.
    One of the reasons why moral enhancement may be controversial, is because the advantages of moral enhancement may fall upon society rather than on those who are enhanced. If directed at individuals with certain counter-moral traits it may have direct societal benefits by lowering immoral behavior and increasing public safety, but it is not directly clear if this also benefits the individual in question. In this paper, we will discuss what we consider to be moral enhancement, how different means may (...)
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  10.  24
    On the Reconceptualization of Alzheimer’s Disease.Maartje Schermer & Edo Richard - 2019 - Bioethics 33 (1):138-145.
    In the hope of future treatments to prevent or slow down the disease, there is a strong movement towards an ever-earlier detection of Alzheimer's disease. In conjunction with scientific developments, this has prompted a reconceptualization of AD, as a slowly progressive pathological process with a long asymptomatic phase. New concepts such as "preclinical" and "prodromal" AD have been introduced, raising a number of conceptual and ethical questions. We evaluate whether these new concepts are theoretically defensible, in light of theories of (...)
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  11.  39
    Children's Strategy Use When Playing Strategic Games.Maartje E. J. Raijmakers, Dorothy J. Mandell, Sara E. Es & Marian Counihan - 2012 - Synthese (3):1-16.
    Strategic games require reasoning about other people’s and one’s own beliefs or intentions. Although they have clear commonalities with psychological tests of theory of mind, they are not clearly related to theory of mind tests for children between 9 and 10 years of age “Flobbe et al. J Logic Language Inform 17(4):417–442 (2008)”. We studied children’s (5–12 years of age) individual differences in how they played a strategic game by analyzing the strategies that they applied in a zero, first, and (...)
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  12.  19
    Vengeance is Self-Focused: Comparing Vengeful to Anger-Driven Responses.Maartje Elshout, Rob M. A. Nelissen & Ilja van Beest - 2015 - Cognition and Emotion 29 (7):1239-1255.
  13. Health, Happiness and Human Enhancement—Dealing with Unexpected Effects of Deep Brain Stimulation.Maartje Schermer - 2013 - Neuroethics 6 (3):435-445.
    Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) is a treatment involving the implantation of electrodes into the brain. Presently, it is used for neurological disorders like Parkinson’s disease, but indications are expanding to psychiatric disorders such as depression, addiction and Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD). Theoretically, it may be possible to use DBS for the enhancement of various mental functions. This article discusses a case of an OCD patient who felt very happy with the DBS treatment, even though her symptoms were not reduced. First, (...)
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  14.  81
    The Future of Psychopharmacological Enhancements: Expectations and Policies.Maartje Schermer, Ineke Bolt, Reinoud de Jongh & Berend Olivier - 2009 - Neuroethics 2 (2):75-87.
    The hopes and fears expressed in the debate on human enhancement are not always based on a realistic assessment of the expected possibilities. Discussions about extreme scenarios may at times obscure the ethical and policy issues that are relevant today. This paper aims to contribute to an adequate and ethically sound societal response to actual current developments. After a brief outline of the ethical debate concerning neuro-enhancement, it describes the current state of the art in psychopharmacological science and current uses (...)
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  15.  37
    In Search of `the Good Life' for Demented Elderly.Maartje Schermer - 2003 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 6 (1):35-44.
    It may seem paradoxical to speak of the ‘goodlife’ for demented elderly. Many people consider dementia to be a life-wrecking disease and nursing homes to be terrible places. Still, it is relevant to ask how we can make life as good as possible for demented nursing home residents. This paper explores what three standard philosophical accounts of well-being — subjective preference theory, objectivist theories, and hedonism — have to say about the good life for demented people. It is concluded that (...)
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  16. The Mind and the Machine. On the Conceptual and Moral Implications of Brain-Machine Interaction.Maartje Schermer - 2009 - NanoEthics 3 (3):217-230.
    Brain-machine interfaces are a growing field of research and application. The increasing possibilities to connect the human brain to electronic devices and computer software can be put to use in medicine, the military, and entertainment. Concrete technologies include cochlear implants, Deep Brain Stimulation, neurofeedback and neuroprosthesis. The expectations for the near and further future are high, though it is difficult to separate hope from hype. The focus in this paper is on the effects that these new technologies may have on (...)
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  17.  24
    Conceptualising Humiliation.Maartje Elshout, Rob M. A. Nelissen & Ilja van Beest - 2017 - Cognition and Emotion 31 (8):1581-1594.
    ABSTRACTHumiliation lacks an empirically derived definition, sometimes simply being equated with shame. We approached the conceptualisation of humiliation from a prototype perspective, identifying 61 features of humiliation, some of which are more central to humiliation than others. Prototypical humiliation involved feeling powerless, small, and inferior in a situation in which one was brought down and in which an audience was present, leading the person to appraise the situation as unfair and resulting in a mix of emotions, most notably disappointment, anger, (...)
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  18.  18
    On the Validity of Simulating Stagewise Development by Means of PDP Networks: Application of Catastrophe Analysis and an Experimental Test of Rule-Like Network Performance.Maartje E. J. Raijmakers, Sylvester von Koten & Peter C. M. Molenaar - 1996 - Cognitive Science 20 (1):101-136.
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  19.  17
    Mary Ridder, Roots of Change: Nebraska’s New Agriculture: University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln, Nebraska, 2007, 139 Pp., ISBN 68588-0630. [REVIEW]Wynne Wright - 2008 - Agriculture and Human Values 25 (3):453-454.
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  20.  51
    Enhancements, Easy Shortcuts, and the Richness of Human Activities.Maartje Schermer - 2008 - Bioethics 22 (7):355-363.
    One argument that is frequently invoked against the technological enhancement of human functioning is that it is morally suspect, or even wrong, to take an easy shortcut. Some things that usually take effort, endurance or struggle can come easily with the use of an enhancer. This paper analyses the various arguments that circle round the idea that enhancement of human functioning is problematic because of the 'easy shortcut' that it offers. It discusses the concern that quick fixes lead to corrosion (...)
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  21.  84
    Nothing but the Truth? On Truth and Deception in Dementia Care.Maartje Schermer - 2007 - Bioethics 21 (1):13–22.
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  22. Psychopharmaceutical Enhancers: Enhancing Identity?Ineke Bolt & Maartje Schermer - 2009 - Neuroethics 2 (2):103-111.
    The use of psychopharmaceuticals to enhance human mental functioning such as cognition and mood has raised a debate on questions regarding identity and authenticity. While some hold that psychopharmaceutical substances can help users to ‘become who they really are’ and thus strengthen their identity and authenticity, others believe that the substances will lead to inauthenticity, normalization, and socially-enforced adaptation of behaviour and personality. In light of this debate, we studied how persons who actually have experience with the use of psychopharmaceutical (...)
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  23.  13
    Social Virtue Epistemology.Mark Alfano, Jeroen De Ridder & Colin Klein (eds.) - 2022 - Routledge.
    Explores the place of intellectual virtues and vices in a social world. Chapters are divided into four sections: Foundational Issues; Individual Virtues; Collective Virtues; and Methods and Measurements.
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  24.  24
    Bedtime Procrastination: Introducing a New Area of Procrastination.Floor M. Kroese, Denise T. D. De Ridder, Catharine Evers & Marieke A. Adriaanse - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  25.  19
    Career Stage and Work Setting Create Different Barriers for Evidence‐Based Medicine.Maartje H. J. Swennen, Geert J. M. G. van der Heijden, Geert H. Blijham & Cor J. Kalkman - 2011 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (4):775-785.
  26.  31
    Changes in the Self: The Need for Conceptual Research Next to Empirical Research.Maartje Schermer - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (5):45-47.
  27. Old Assyrian Legal Practices: Law and Dispute in the Ancient Near East. By Thomas Klitgaard Hertel.J. J. De Ridder - 2021 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 137 (2).
    Old Assyrian Legal Practices: Law and Dispute in the Ancient Near East. By Thomas Klitgaard Hertel. PIHANS, vol. 123. Leiden: Nederlands Instituut voor het Nabije Oosten, 2013. Pp. xlii + 479. €84.80.
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  28.  10
    Lothar Ridder: Mereologie. Ein Beitrag zur Ontologie und Erkenntnistheorie.Joachim Bromand - 2004 - History of Philosophy & Logical Analysis 7 (1):247-254.
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  29. Scientism: Prospects and Problems.Jeroen de Ridder, Rik Peels & René van Woudenberg (eds.) - 2018 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
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  30. Epistemic Dependence and Collective Scientific Knowledge.Jeroen de Ridder - 2014 - Synthese 191 (1):1-17.
    I argue that scientific knowledge is collective knowledge, in a sense to be specified and defended. I first consider some existing proposals for construing collective knowledge and argue that they are unsatisfactory, at least for scientific knowledge as we encounter it in actual scientific practice. Then I introduce an alternative conception of collective knowledge, on which knowledge is collective if there is a strong form of mutual epistemic dependence among scientists, which makes it so that satisfaction of the justification condition (...)
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  31.  4
    Staying neutral or intervening?: Ethics teachers’ ideas on how to respond to alarming cases brought forward by medical students in class: A qualitative study in the Netherlands.Maartje Hoogsteyns & Amalia Muhaimin - 2021 - International Journal of Ethics Education 6 (2):273-288.
    Ethics teachers are regularly confronted with disturbing cases brought in by medical students in class. These classes are considered confidential, so that everyone can speak freely about their experiences. But what should ethics teachers do when they hear about a situation they consider to be outright alarming, for example where patients/students’ safety is at stake or where systematic power abuse seems to be at hand? Should they remain neutral or should they step in and intervene? In the Netherlands, as in (...)
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  32.  11
    J. Ridder. Über modale Aussagenlogiken und ihren Zusammenhang mit Strukturen. Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen, Proceedings, series A, vol. 55 , pp. 213–223, 459–467; vol. 56 , pp. 1–11, 99–110, 378–388; vol. 57 , pp. 2–8, 117–128, 389–396; also Indagationes mathematicae, vol. 14 , pp. 213–223, 459–467; vol. 15 , pp. 1–11, 99–110, 378–388; vol. 16 , pp. 2–8, 117–128, 389–396. [REVIEW]A. Bayart - 1972 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 37 (3):628-628.
  33.  8
    Ridder J.. Formalistische Betrachtungen Über Intuitionistische Und Verwandte Logische Systeme. Koninklijke Nederlandsche Akademie van Wetenschappen, Proceedings of the Section of Sciences, Bd. 53 , S. 327–336, 446–455, 787–799, 1375–1389, Und Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen, Proceedings, Ser. A, Bd. 54 , S. 94–105, 169–177, 226–236; Auch Indagationes Mathematical Bd. 12 , S. 75–84, 98–107, 231–243, 445–459, Und Bd. 13 , S. 94–105, 169–177, 226–236. [REVIEW]H. Arnold Schmidt - 1959 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 24 (2):175-176.
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  34.  8
    Changing Brain Networks Through Non-Invasive Neuromodulation.Wing Ting To, Dirk De Ridder, John Hart Jr & Sven Vanneste - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
  35.  18
    Making a Task Difficult: Evidence That Device-Oriented Steps Are Effortful and Error-Prone.Maartje Ga Ament, Anna L. Cox, Ann Blandford & Duncan P. Brumby - 2013 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 19 (3):195.
  36. Mechanistic Artefact Explanation.Jeroen de Ridder - 2006 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 37 (1):81-96.
    One thing about technical artefacts that needs to be explained is how their physical make-up, or structure, enables them to fulfil the behaviour associated with their function, or, more colloquially, how they work. In this paper I develop an account of such explanations based on the familiar notion of mechanistic explanation. To accomplish this, I outline two explanatory strategies that provide two different types of insight into an artefact’s functioning, and show how human action inevitably plays a role in artefact (...)
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  37. The Rule of Law.Maartje Jansen - forthcoming - Idee.
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  38.  9
    The Cyborg-Fear: How Conceptual Dualisms Shape Our Self-Understanding.Maartje Schermer - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 5 (4):56-57.
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  39.  2
    Pupil Mimicry in Infants and Parents.Evin Aktar, Maartje E. J. Raijmakers & Mariska E. Kret - 2020 - Cognition and Emotion 34 (6):1160-1170.
    Changes in pupil size can reflect social interest or affect, and tend to get mimicked by observers during eye contact. Pupil mimicry has recently been observed in young infants, whereas it is unkno...
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  40.  7
    Ethics education should make room for emotions: a qualitative study of medical ethics teaching in Indonesia and the Netherlands.Amalia Muhaimin, Maartje Hoogsteyns, Adi Utarini & Derk Ludolf Willems - 2020 - International Journal of Ethics Education 5 (1):7-21.
    Studies have shown that students may feel emotional discomfort when they are asked to identify ethical problems which they have encountered during their training. Teachers in medical ethics, however, more often focus on the cognitive and rational ethical aspects and not much on students’ emotions. The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore students’ feelings and emotions when dealing with ethical problems during their clinical training and explore differences between two countries: Indonesia and the Netherlands. We observed a total (...)
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  41.  21
    Belief Bias and the Extinction of Induced Fear.Maartje S. Vroling & Peter J. de Jong - 2013 - Cognition and Emotion 27 (8):1405-1420.
  42. Direct Intervention in the Brain: Ethical Issues Concerning Personal Identity.Farah Focquaert & Dirk De Ridder - 2009 - Journal of Ethics in Mental Health 4 (2):1-7.
     
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  43. The Dynamics of the Treatment-Enhancement Distinction: ADHD as a Case Study.Maartje Schermer - 2007 - Philosophica 79:25-37.
    A central issue in the ethical debate on psychopharmacological enhancers concerns the distinction between therapy and enhancement. Although from a theoretical point of view it is difficult to make a clear-cut distinction between treatment on the one hand, and enhancement on the other, in medical practice and policy debates the counter-positioning of therapy to enhancement is clearly at work. Especially pharmaceutical companies have an interest in occupying the "grey" area between normal and abnormal, treatment and enhancement. This article discusses the (...)
     
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  44.  13
    De nachtmerrie van David Aames.Maartje Schermer - 2006 - Krisis 7 (2):57-65.
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  45.  22
    How to Decide Whether a Neural Representation is a Cognitive Concept?Maartje E. J. Raijmakers & Peter C. M. Molenaar - 1995 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 18 (4):641-642.
    A distinction should be made between the formation of stimulus-driven associations and cognitive concepts. To test the learning mode of a neural network, we propose a simple and classic input-output test: the discrimination shift task. Feed-forward PDP models appear to form stimulus-driven associations. A Hopfield network should be extended to apply the test.
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  46.  6
    Pragmatism as a Research Program – a Reply to Arras.Schermer Maartje & Keulartz Jozef - 2003 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 24 (1):19-29.
    This paper is a reaction to an article by John Arras published earlier in this journal. In this article Arras argues that “freestanding pragmatism” has little new to offer to bioethics. We respond to some of Arras' arguments and conclude that, although he overstates his case at certain points, his critique is, broadly speaking, correct. We then introduce and discuss an alternative approach to pragmatist ethics, one which puts to work the ideas and insights of pragmatism conceived as a broad (...)
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  47.  46
    Imagining Moral Bioenhancement Practices: Drawing Inspiration From Moral Education, Public Health Ethics, and Forensic Psychiatry.Jona Specker & Maartje H. N. Schermer - 2017 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 26 (3):415-426.
    :In this article, we consider contexts or domains in which moral bioenhancement interventions possibly or most likely will be implemented. By looking closely at similar or related existing practices and their relevant ethical frameworks, we hope to identify ethical considerations that are relevant for evaluating potential moral bioenhancement interventions. We examine, first, debates on the proper scope of moral education; second, proposals for identifying early risk factors for antisocial behaviour; and third, the difficult balancing of individual freedom and third party (...)
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  48.  8
    Long-Term Evaluation of a Social Robot in Real Homes.Maartje M. A. de Graaf, Somaya Ben Allouch & Jan A. G. M. van Dijk - 2016 - Interaction Studies. Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies / Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies 17 (3):461-490.
    This study aims to contribute to emerging human-robot interaction research by adding longitudinal findings to a limited number of long-term social robotics home studies. We placed 70 robots in users’ homes for a period of up to six months, and used questionnaires and interviews to collect data at six points during this period. Results indicate that users’ evaluations of the robot dropped initially, but later rose after the robot had been used for a longer period of time. This is congruent (...)
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  49.  36
    Public Attitudes Towards Moral Enhancement. Evidence That Means Matter Morally.Jona Specker, Maartje H. N. Schermer & Peter B. Reiner - 2017 - Neuroethics 10 (3):405-417.
    To gain insight into the reasons that the public may have for endorsing or eschewing pharmacological moral enhancement for themselves or for others, we used empirical tools to explore public attitudes towards these issues. Participants from the United States were recruited via Amazon’s Mechanical Turk and were randomly assigned to read one of several contrastive vignettes in which a 13-year-old child is described as bullying another student in school and then is offered an empathy-enhancing program. The empathy-enhancing program is described (...)
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  50.  17
    Ridder J.. Über Mehrwertige Aussagenkalküle Und Mehrwertige Engere Prädikatenkalküle. II–III. Koninhlijke Nederlandsche Akademie van Wetenschappen, Proceedings of the Section of Sciences, T. 51 , Pp. 836–845 Et 991–995; Aussi Indagationes Mathematicae, T. 10 , Pp. 264–273 Et 324–328. [REVIEW]Bolesław Sobociński - 1950 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 14 (4):261-262.
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