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Michael Schwartz [68]Mark S. Schwartz [39]Michael A. Schwartz [25]Marian Schwartz [11]
Myrna F. Schwartz [8]Maria Schwartz [8]M. Schwartz [7]Michael Alan Schwartz [6]

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Michael Schwartz
Texas A&M University
Meredith Schwartz
Ryerson University
  1. Ethical Decision-Making Theory: An Integrated Approach.Mark S. Schwartz - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 139 (4):755-776.
    Ethical decision-making descriptive theoretical models often conflict with each other and typically lack comprehensiveness. To address this deficiency, a revised EDM model is proposed that consolidates and attempts to bridge together the varying and sometimes directly conflicting propositions and perspectives that have been advanced. To do so, the paper is organized as follows. First, a review of the various theoretical models of EDM is provided. These models can generally be divided into rationalist-based ; and non-rationalist-based. Second, the proposed model, called (...)
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  2. Corporate Social Responsibility: A Three-Domain Approach.Mark S. Schwartz & Archie B. Carroll - 2003 - Business Ethics Quarterly 13 (4):503-530.
    Abstract:Extrapolating from Carroll’s four domains of corporate social responsibility (1979) and Pyramid of CSR (1991), an alternative approach to conceptualizing corporate social responsibility (CSR) is proposed. A three-domain approach is presented in which the three core domains of economic, legal, and ethical responsibilities are depicted in a Venn model framework. The Venn framework yields seven CSR categories resulting from the overlap of the three core domains. Corporate examples are suggested and classified according to the new model, followed by a discussion (...)
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  3. The nature of the relationship between corporate codes of ethics and behaviour.M. Schwartz - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 32 (3):247 - 262.
    A study was conducted in order to examine the relationship between corporate codes of ethics and behaviour. Fifty-seven interviews of employees, managers, and ethics officers were conducted at four large Canadian companies. The study found that codes of ethics are a potential factor influencing the behaviour of corporate agents. Reasons are provided why codes are violated as well as complied with. A set of eight metaphors are developed which help to explain how codes of ethics influence behaviour.
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  4.  44
    The Effectiveness of Business Codes: A Critical Examination of Existing Studies and the Development of an Integrated Research Model.Muel Kaptein & Mark S. Schwartz - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 77 (2):111-127.
    Business codes are a widely used management instrument. Research into the effectiveness of business codes has, however, produced conflicting results. The main reasons for the divergent findings are: varying definitions of key terms; deficiencies in the empirical data and methodologies used; and a lack of theory. In this paper, we propose an integrated research model and suggest directions for future research.
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  5. A Code of Ethics for Corporate Code of Ethics.Mark S. Schwartz - 2002 - Journal of Business Ethics 41 (1-2):27 - 43.
    Are corporate codes of ethics necessarily ethical? To challenge this notion, an initial set of universal moral standards is proposed by which all corporate codes of ethics can be ethically evaluated. The set of universal moral standards includes: (1) trustworthiness; (2) respect; (3) responsibility; (4) fairness; (5) caring; and (6) citizenship. By applying the six moral standards to four different stages of code development (i.e., content, creation, implementation, administration), a code of ethics for corporate codes of ethics is constructed by (...)
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  6. Universal Moral Values for Corporate Codes of Ethics.Mark S. Schwartz - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 59 (1-2):27-44.
    How can one establish if a corporate code of ethics is ethical in terms of its content? One important first step might be the establishment of core universal moral values by which corporate codes of ethics can be ethically constructed and evaluated. Following a review of normative research on corporate codes of ethics, a set of universal moral values is generated by considering three sources: (1) corporate codes of ethics; (2) global codes of ethics; and (3) the business ethics literature. (...)
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  7.  25
    Integrating and Unifying Competing and Complementary Frameworks: The Search for a Common Core in the Business and Society Field.Mark Schwartz & Archie Carroll - 2008 - Business and Society 47 (2):148-186.
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  8. Effective Corporate Codes of Ethics: Perceptions of Code Users.Mark S. Schwartz - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics 55 (4):321-341.
    The study examines employee, managerial, and ethics officer perceptions regarding their companies codes of ethics. The study moves beyond examining the mere existence of a code of ethics to consider the role that code content and code process (i.e. creation, implementation, and administration) might play with respect to the effectiveness of codes in influencing behavior. Fifty-seven in-depth, semi-structured interviews of employees, managers, and ethics officers were conducted at four large Canadian companies. The factors viewed by respondents to be important with (...)
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  9. Tone at the Top: An Ethics Code for Directors?Mark S. Schwartz, Thomas W. Dunfee & Michael J. Kline - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 58 (1-3):79-100.
    . Recent corporate scandals have focused the attention of a broad set of constituencies on reforming corporate governance. Boards of directors play a leading role in corporate governance and any significant reforms must encompass their role. To date, most reform proposals have targeted the legal, rather than the ethical obligations of directors. Legal reforms without proper attention to ethical obligations will likely prove ineffectual. The ethical role of directors is critical. Directors have overall responsibility for the ethics and compliance programs (...)
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  10.  24
    Lexical access in aphasic and nonaphasic speakers.Gary S. Dell, Myrna F. Schwartz, Nadine Martin, Eleanor M. Saffran & Deborah A. Gagnon - 1997 - Psychological Review 104 (4):801-838.
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  11.  21
    Business ethics: readings and cases in corporate morality.W. Michael Hoffman, Robert Frederick & Mark S. Schwartz (eds.) - 2014 - New York: Wiley-Blackwell.
    Can a corporation have a conscience? What is wrong with reverse discrimination? Can ethical management and managed care coexist? Hoffman, Frederick, and Schwartz address these and many other current, intriguing, often complex issues in corporate morality. This introductory business ethics text contains a thorough general introduction on ethical theory, 54 readings, and 25 cases. Divided into five parts, each with an introduction that presents the major themes of its articles and cases, the text contains an impartial, point-counterpoint presentation of different (...)
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  12.  31
    The dark side of incremental learning: A model of cumulative semantic interference during lexical access in speech production.Gary M. Oppenheim, Gary S. Dell & Myrna F. Schwartz - 2010 - Cognition 114 (2):227-252.
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  13.  42
    Sensitivity to grammatical structure in so-called agrammatic aphasics.Marcia C. Linebarger, Myrna F. Schwartz & Eleanor M. Saffran - 1983 - Cognition 13 (3):361-392.
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  14.  68
    The "Ethics" of Ethical Investing.Mark S. Schwartz - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 43 (3):195 - 213.
    There appears to be an implicit assumption by those connected with the ethical investment movement (e.g., ethical investment firms, individual investors, social investment organizations, academia, and the media), that ethical investment is in fact ethical. This paper will attempt to challenge the notion that the ethical mutual fund industry, as currently taking place, is acting in an ethical manner. Ethical issues such as the transparency of the funds and advertising are discussed. Ethical mutual fund screens such as tobacco, alcohol, gambling, (...)
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  15.  66
    Why ethical codes constitute an unconscionable regression.Michael Schwartz - 2000 - Journal of Business Ethics 23 (2):173 - 184.
    The article protests against the usage of ethical codes by business organisations. It asserts that professionals are in a different situation to that of employees; and that with the latter ethical codes are used by management to ensure compliance and are devoid of ethical content. Ethical codes it is argued are part of management's control system in a time of flatter organisational structures with a far wider span of control. It is also asserted that the ambitions of some to utilise (...)
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  16.  31
    Substantial recovery of a masked visual target and its theoretical interpretation.William N. Dember, Marvin Schwartz & Michael Kocak - 1978 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 11 (5):285-287.
  17.  50
    Actions Necessary to Prevent Childhood Obesity: Creating the Climate for Change.Marlene B. Schwartz & Kelly D. Brownell - 2007 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 35 (1):78-89.
    Childhood obesity has become a public health epidemic, and currently a battle exists over how to frame and address this problem. This paper explores how public policy approaches can be employed to address obesity. We present the argument that obesity should be viewed as the consequence of a “toxic environment” rather than the result of the population failing to take enough “personal responsibility.” In order to make progress in decreasing the prevalence of obesity, we must shift our view of obesity (...)
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  18.  16
    Temporal experience in mania.Marcin Moskalewicz & Michael A. Schwartz - 2020 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 19 (2):291-304.
    The paper examines both the phenomenology of the manic self as well as critical aspects of manic neurobiology, focusing, with respect to both domains, on manic temporality. We argue that the distortions of lived time in mania exceed mere acceleration and are fundamental for manic affectivity. Mania involves radical acceleration and radical asynchronicity, which result in an instantaneous existence. People with mania rebel against the facticity of reality and suffer from an existential leap towards the future, in which the self (...)
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  19.  31
    Actions Necessary to Prevent Childhood Obesity: Creating the Climate for Change.Marlene B. Schwartz & Kelly D. Brownell - 2007 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 35 (1):78-89.
    After years of near total neglect, the problem of childhood obesity is now in the limelight. Terms like “epidemic,” “crisis,” and “emergency” are used frequently when describing the trend. Progress is defined with strong language and fueled by statistics such as the observation that this generation of children will be the first to live shorter lives than their parents. Multi-disciplinary journals such as the Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics have dedicated symposiums to the issue, and conferences have been convened (...)
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  20.  67
    What can we learn from the U.s. Federal sentencing guidelines for organizational ethics.Dove Izraeli & Mark S. Schwartz - 1998 - Journal of Business Ethics 17 (9-10):1045-1055.
    In November, 1991, the U.S. Congress enacted the U.S. Federal Sentencing Guidelines legislation which had a dramatic impact on corporate America. Can the Guidelines be used as a model or framework by other countries? Could other countries in the world benefit from adopting a similar piece of legislation? Are there any limitations to consider? In addressing these issues, the authors make the argument that the time has arrived for other countries to consider the development of legislation similar to the Guidelines (...)
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  21.  27
    The COVID-19 global crisis and corporate social responsibility.Mark S. Schwartz & Avi Kay - 2023 - Asian Journal of Business Ethics 12 (1):101-124.
    In order to gain greater insight into the nature of corporate social responsibility (CSR) during a time of crisis, the study examines the commitment of firms to continue to engage in CSR activity despite financial pressures to divert their slack resources elsewhere. The setting of the study is CSR activity during the perhaps unprecedented global crisis associated with the COVID-19 pandemic. Based on a qualitative research method approach, both a variety of media sources and the relevant academic literature are reviewed (...)
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  22.  76
    God as a Managerial Stakeholder?Mark S. Schwartz - 2006 - Journal of Business Ethics 66 (2/3):291 - 306.
    Can or should God be considered a managerial stakeholder? While at first glance such a proposition might seem beyond the norms of stakeholder management theory or traditional management practice, further investigation suggests that there might be both theoretical and practical support for such a notion. This paper will make the argument that God both is and should be considered a managerial stakeholder for those businesspeople and business firms that accept that God exists and can affect the world. In doing so, (...)
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  23.  52
    Science, humanism, and the nature of medical practice: A phenomenological view.Michael Alan Schwartz & Osborne Wiggins - 1985 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 28 (3):331-361.
  24.  23
    Phenomenology of Intuitive Judgment: Praecox-Feeling in the Diagnosis of Schizophrenia.Marcin Moskalewicz, Michael A. Schwartz & Tudi Gozé - 2018 - Avant: Trends in Interdisciplinary Studies 9 (2):63-74.
    This paper argues that intuition plays a role in the diagnosis of schizophrenia and presents its phenomenological rationale. A discussion of self-assessment questionnaires and empirical studies in the clinical setting provides evidence that despite the prevalence of operational diagnosis, the intuitive judgment of schizophrenia continues to take place. Two related notions of intuitive diagnosis are presented: Minkowski’s diagnostic by penetration and Rümke’s praecox feeling. Further on, the paper explores and clarifies the phenomenology behind the praecox feeling. First, it is argued, (...)
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  25.  24
    Temporal experience in mania.Marcin Moskalewicz & Michael A. Schwartz - 2018 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences:1-14.
    The paper examines both the phenomenology of the manic self as well as critical aspects of manic neurobiology, focusing, with respect to both domains, on manic temporality. We argue that the distortions of lived time in mania exceed mere acceleration and are fundamental for manic affectivity. Mania involves radical acceleration and radical asynchronicity, which result in an instantaneous existence. People with mania rebel against the facticity of reality and suffer from an existential leap towards the future, in which the self (...)
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  26.  50
    Should Firms Go “Beyond Profits”? Milton Friedman versus Broad CSR1.Mark S. Schwartz & David Saiia - 2012 - Business and Society Review 117 (1):1-31.
  27. Should Firms Go ‘Beyond Profits’? Milton Friedman Versus Broad CSR.Mark S. Schwartz & David Saiia - 2011 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 22 (1):327-338.
    The paper explores the ongoing debate between the narrow version of CSR proposed by Milton Friedman and the broader version of CSR, which includes additional ethical and/or philanthropic obligations. Implications are then discussed.
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  28.  83
    The Morality of Whistleblowing: A Commentary on Richard T. De George.W. Michael Hoffman & Mark S. Schwartz - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 127 (4):771-781.
  29. C. Corporal Social Responsibility: A Three Domain Approach.Mark S. Schwartz & Alrchie B. Carroll - 2008 - Business Ethics 13:1-22.
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  30. Ethical Investing from a Jewish Perspective.Mark S. Schwartz, Meir Tamari & Daniel Schwab - 2007 - Business and Society Review 112 (1):137-161.
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  31.  23
    “Corporate Efforts to Tackle Corruption: An Impossible Task?” The Contribution of Thomas Dunfee.Mark S. Schwartz - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 88 (S4):823-832.
    Thomas W. Dunfee, in addition to his many other contributions to business ethics literature, has generated a stream of research that attempts to tackle the issue of corruption. Dunfee's research on corruption includes three primary contributions: the introduction of "Integrative Social Contract Theory" which provides a normative theoretical framework by which to judge the morality of global business activity including corruption; the "C2 Principles", which outline specific content and implementation measures that corporations can voluntarily adopt to combat corruption; and a (...)
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  32.  64
    Peter Drucker and the denial of business ethics.Michael Schwartz - 1998 - Journal of Business Ethics 17 (15):1685-1692.
    This paper speculates upon the reasons for Peter Drucker's ongoing and vigorous denial of the relevance of business ethics. It contemplates whether Drucker consciously, or even perhaps subconsciously, associates the aims of business ethics with the aims of those associated with the Arbeitsfreude movement in Germany prior to the outbreak of the second world war. If this is the case the paper questions whether Drucker's distaste for some of the more notorious outcomes of that movement in Germany are reflected in (...)
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  33.  70
    Psychosomatic medicine and the philosophy of life.Michael A. Schwartz & Osborne P. Wiggins - 2010 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 5:1-5.
    Basing ourselves on the writings of Hans Jonas, we offer to psychosomatic medicine a philosophy of life that surmounts the mind-body dualism which has plagued Western thought since the origins of modern science in seventeenth century Europe. Any present-day account of reality must draw upon everything we know about the living and the non-living. Since we are living beings ourselves, we know what it means to be alive from our own first-hand experience. Therefore, our philosophy of life, in addition to (...)
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  34.  65
    The problem of humiliation in peer review.Debra R. Comer & Michael Schwartz - 2014 - Ethics and Education 9 (2):141-156.
    This paper examines the problem of vituperative feedback from peer reviewers. We argue that such feedback is morally unacceptable, insofar as it humiliates authors and damages their dignity. We draw from social-psychological research to explore those aspects of the peer-review process in general and the anonymity of blind reviewing in particular that contribute to reviewers’ humiliating comments. We then apply Iris Murdoch's ideas about a virtuous consciousness and humility to make the case that peer referees have a moral obligation not (...)
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  35.  91
    Edmund Husserl's Influence on Karl Jaspers's Phenomenology.Osborne P. Wiggins & Michael Alan Schwartz - 1997 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 4 (1):15-36.
    Karl Jaspers' phenomenology remains important today, not solely because of its continuing influence in some areas of psychiatry, but because, if fully understood, it can provide a method and set of concepts for making new progress in the science of psychopathology. In order to understand this method and set of concepts, it helps to recognize the significant influence that Edmund Husserl's early work, Logical investigations, exercised on Jaspers' formulation of them. We trace the Husserlian influence while clarifying the main components (...)
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  36.  34
    Voxel-based lesion-parameter mapping: Identifying the neural correlates of a computational model of word production.Gary S. Dell, Myrna F. Schwartz, Nazbanou Nozari, Olufunsho Faseyitan & H. Branch Coslett - 2013 - Cognition 128 (3):380-396.
  37.  17
    Introduction.Michael Schwartz & Jason M. Wirth - 2018 - Comparative and Continental Philosophy 10 (3):203-204.
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  38.  30
    Information Management in Aged Care: Cases of Confidentiality and Elder Abuse.Maree Bernoth, Elaine Dietsch, Oliver Kisalay Burmeister & Michael Schwartz - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 122 (3):453-460.
    Typically seniors like others choose to avoid institutional care. However, when age-related infirmity requires it, they not only enter into the care of others, but they also do so as vulnerable members of society. As their frailty increases with age, so does their dependence on the professionals who care for them and on the enforcement of policies concerning their care. A qualitative case study involving seniors and their carers revealed that breaches of confidentiality, unprofessional behaviour and the non-enforcement of policy, (...)
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  39.  48
    Highlighting Moral Courage in the Business Ethics Course.Debra R. Comer & Michael Schwartz - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 146 (3):703-723.
    At the end of their article in the September 2014 issue of the Journal of Business Ethics, Douglas R. May, Matthew T. Luth, and Catherine E. Schwoerer state that they are “hopeful in outlook” about the “evidence that business ethics instructors are….able to encourage students…to develop the courage to come forward even when pressures in organizations dictate otherwise”. We agree with May et al. that it is essential to augment students’ moral courage. However, it seems overly optimistic to believe that (...)
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  40.  29
    Ethical Decision Making Surveyed through the Lens of Moral Imagination.Mark S. Schwartz & W. Michael Hoffman - 2017 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 36 (3):297-328.
    This paper attempts to build on the contribution to moral imagination theory by Patricia Werhane by further integrating moral imagination with new theoretical developments that have taken place in the business ethics field. To accomplish this objective, part one will review the concept of moral imagination, from its definitional origins to its full theoretical conceptualization. Part two will provide a brief literature review of how moral imagination has been applied in empirical research. Part three will analyze and apply the construct (...)
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  41.  43
    Subjectivist Economics and Ethical Business.Michael Schwartz & Heath Spong - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 90 (1):123-136.
    A number of business ethics theorist have highlighted the potential for economics to contribute to the advancement of business ethics. In response, this article emphasizes the insights of a particular area of economics that could provide such expansion and development. Subjectivist economics may yet provide an effective analytical framework through which to investigate and evaluate business decision making, and hence the ethics of business. Integrating the concepts of uncertainty, time and imagination, subjectivist economic theory contributes to a greater appreciation of (...)
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  42.  30
    Temporal experience as a core quality in mental disorders.Marcin Moskalewicz & Michael A. Schwartz - 2020 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 19 (2):207-216.
    The goal of this paper is to introduce Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences’ thematic issue on disordered temporalities. The authors begin by discussing the main reason for the neglect of temporal experience in present-day psychiatric nosologies, mainly, its reduction to clock time. Methodological challenges facing research on temporal experience include addressing the felt sense of time, its structure, and its pre-reflective aspects in the life-world setting. In the second part, the paper covers the contributions to the thematic issue concerning temporal (...)
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  43. Philosophical Perspectives on Psychiatric Diagnostic Classification.John Z. Sadfer, Osborne P. Wiggins, Michael A. Schwartz & Edwin Harari - 1996 - Bioethics 10 (2):158-160.
  44.  71
    Death, organ transplantation and medical practice.Thomas S. Huddle, Michael A. Schwartz, F. Amos Bailey & Michael A. Bos - 2008 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 3:5.
    A series of papers in Philosophy, Ethics and Humanities in Medicine (PEHM) have recently disputed whether non-heart beating organ donors are alive and whether non-heart beating organ donation (NHBD) contravenes the dead donor rule. Several authors who argue that NHBD involves harvesting organs from live patients appeal to.
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  45. The effectiveness of business codes: A critical examination of existing studies and the development of an integrated research model. [REVIEW]Muel Kaptein & Mark S. Schwartz - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 77 (2):111 - 127.
    Business codes are a widely used management instrument. Research into the effectiveness of business codes has, however, produced conflicting results. The main reasons for the divergent findings are: varying definitions of key terms; deficiencies in the empirical data and methodologies used; and a lack of theory. In this paper, we propose an integrated research model and suggest directions for future research.
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  46.  36
    A business ethics national index (BENI) measuring business ethics activity around the world.Mark S. Schwartz & James Weber - 2006 - Business and Society 45 (3):382-405.
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  47. 16 Resisting the emergence of Bio-Amazons.Susan Sherwin & Meredith Schwartz - 2005 - In Claudio Marcello Tamburrini & Torbjörn Tännsjö (eds.), Genetic Technology and Sport: Ethical Questions. Routledge. pp. 199.
     
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  48. Corporate Governance, Ethics, and the Backdating of Stock Options.Avshalom M. Adam & Mark S. Schwartz - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 85 (S1):225 - 237.
    Backdating of stock options is an example of an agency problem. It has emerged despite all the measures (i.e., new regulations and additional corporate governance mechanisms) aimed at addressing such problems? Beyond such negative controlling measures, a more positive empowering approach based on ethics may also be necessary. What ethical measures need to be taken to address the agency problem? What values and norms should guide the board of directors in protecting the shareholders' interests? To examine these issues, we first (...)
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  49. Philosophical Perspectives on Psychiatric Diagnostic Classification.John Z. Sadler, Osborne P. Wiggins, Michael A. Schwartz & Mario Rossi Monti - 1996 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 18 (2):241.
  50.  12
    Drucker's communitarian vision and its implications for business ethics.Michael Schwartz - 2004 - Business Ethics: A European Review 13 (4):288-301.
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