Results for 'M. Grunke'

980 found
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  1.  42
    Information and participation in decision-making about treatment: a qualitative study of the perceptions and preferences of patients with rheumatoid arthritis.J. Schildmann, M. Grunke, J. R. Kalden & J. Vollmann - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (11):775-779.
    Objectives: To elicit the perceptions and preferences of patients with rheumatoid arthritis regarding information and participation in treatment decision-making. To analyse the patients’ narratives on the background of the ethical discourse on various approaches to treatment decision-making. Design: In-depth interviews with themes identified using principles of grounded theory. Participants: 22 patients with long-standing rheumatoid arthritis. Main outcome measures: Qualitative data on patients’ perceptions and preferences regarding information and participation in decision-making about treatment. Results: Decision-making about treatment has been described by (...)
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  2.  41
    Chess, Artificial Intelligence, and Epistemic Opacity.Paul Grünke - 2019 - Információs Társadalom 19 (4):7--17.
    In 2017 AlphaZero, a neural network-based chess engine shook the chess world by convincingly beating Stockfish, the highest-rated chess engine. In this paper, I describe the technical differences between the two chess engines and based on that, I discuss the impact of the modeling choices on the respective epistemic opacities. I argue that the success of AlphaZero’s approach with neural networks and reinforcement learning is counterbalanced by an increase in the epistemic opacity of the resulting model.
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  3.  15
    Stimulus-recognition and response-recall dependency in paired-associate learning.Mary E. Grunke & James V. Hinrichs - 1975 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 5 (6):453-455.
  4. Computer Simulations, Machine Learning and the Laplacean Demon: Opacity in the Case of High Energy Physics.Florian J. Boge & Paul Grünke - forthcoming - In Andreas Kaminski, Michael Resch & Petra Gehring (eds.), The Science and Art of Simulation II.
    In this paper, we pursue three general aims: (I) We will define a notion of fundamental opacity and ask whether it can be found in High Energy Physics (HEP), given the involvement of machine learning (ML) and computer simulations (CS) therein. (II) We identify two kinds of non-fundamental, contingent opacity associated with CS and ML in HEP respectively, and ask whether, and if so how, they may be overcome. (III) We address the question of whether any kind of opacity, contingent (...)
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  5.  80
    From Principles to Practice. An interdisciplinary framework to operationalise AI ethics.Lajla Fetic, Torsten Fleischer, Paul Grünke, Thilo Hagendorf, Sebastian Hallensleben, Marc Hauer, Michael Herrmann, Rafaela Hillerbrand, Carla Hustedt, Christoph Hubig, Andreas Kaminski, Tobias Krafft, Wulf Loh, Philipp Otto & Michael Puntschuh - 2020 - Bertelsmann-Stiftung.
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  6.  57
    Minds and Machines Special Issue: Machine Learning: Prediction Without Explanation?F. J. Boge, P. Grünke & R. Hillerbrand - 2022 - Minds and Machines 32 (1):1-9.
  7. Apparent mental causation: Sources of the experience of will.Daniel M. Wegner & T. Wheatley - 1999 - American Psychologist 54:480-492.
  8.  2
    Effects of a Peer-Tutorial Reading Racetrack on Word Fluency of Secondary Students With Learning Disabilities and Emotional Behavioral Disorders.Anne Barwasser, Karolina Urton & Matthias Grünke - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Reading difficulties that are not addressed at the primary level continue to exist at the secondary level with serious consequences. Thus, it is important to provide struggling students with specific reading support. In particular, many students with learning disabilities and emotional behavioral disorders demonstrate reading obstacles and are at risk for motivation loss. A multiple baseline design was used to evaluate the effects of a motivational reading racetrack as peer-tutoring on the word reading skills of secondary students with LD with (...)
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  9. The civil society argument.M. Walzer - 1995 - In Julia Stapleton (ed.), Group rights: perspectives since 1900. Bristol: Thoemmes Press.
     
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  10.  32
    Growing explanations: historical perspectives on recent science.M. Norton Wise (ed.) - 2004 - Durham: Duke University Press.
    This collection addresses a post-WWII shift in the hierarchy of scientific explanations, where the highest goal moves from reductionism towards some ...
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  11. Truth and essence of truth in Heidegger's thought,'.M. A. Wrathall - 1993 - In Charles B. Guignon (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Heidegger. New York: Cambridge University Press. pp. 241--267.
     
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  12. What is a Conspiracy Theory?M. Giulia Https://Orcidorg Napolitano & Kevin Https://Orcidorg Reuter - 2021 - Erkenntnis 88 (5):2035-2062.
    In much of the current academic and public discussion, conspiracy theories are portrayed as a negative phenomenon, linked to misinformation, mistrust in experts and institutions, and political propaganda. Rather surprisingly, however, philosophers working on this topic have been reluctant to incorporate a negatively evaluative aspect when either analyzing or engineering the concept conspiracy theory. In this paper, we present empirical data on the nature of the concept conspiracy theory from five studies designed to test the existence, prevalence and exact form (...)
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  13. Fatalism and the Metaphysics of Contingency.M. Oreste Fiocco - 2015 - In Steven M. Cahn & Maureen Eckert (eds.), Freedom and the Self: Essays on the Philosophy of David Foster Wallace. New York: Columbia University Press. pp. 57-92.
    Contingency is the presence of non-actualized possibility in the world. Fatalism is a view of reality on which there is no contingency. Since it is contingency that permits agency, there has traditionally been much interest in contingency. This interest has long been embarrassed by the contention that simple and plausible assumptions about the world lead to fatalism. I begin with an Aristotelian argument as presented by Richard Taylor. Appreciation of this argument has been stultified by a question pertaining to the (...)
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  14. Resisting procrastination: Kantian autonomy and the role of the will.M. D. White - 2010 - In Chrisoula Andreou Mark D. White (ed.), The Thief of Time: Philosophical Essays on Procrastination. Oxford University Press. pp. 216--32.
     
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  15. Does analysis of relative visual motion require two computational stages or three?M. Wright - 1996 - In Enrique Villanueva (ed.), Perception. Ridgeview. pp. 1375-1375.
     
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  16. Detecting change in angle independent of change in orientation.M. J. Wright - 1996 - In Enrique Villanueva (ed.), Perception. Ridgeview. pp. 87-87.
  17. Ferritin-like protein in bovine retina inhibits the activity of cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase in rod outer segments.M. G. Yefimova, I. S. Shcherbakova & N. D. Shushakova - 1996 - In Enrique Villanueva (ed.), Perception. Ridgeview. pp. 114-114.
     
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  18. Counterrevolutionary Polemics: Katechon and Crisis in de Maistre, Donoso, and Schmitt.M. Blake Wilson - 2019 - Philosophical Journal of Conflict and Violence 3 (2).
    For the theorists of crisis, the revolutionary state comes into existence through violence, and due to its inability to provide an authoritative katechon (restrainer) against internal and external violence, it perpetuates violence until it self-destructs. Writing during extreme economic depression and growing social and political violence, the crisis theorists––Joseph de Maistre, Juan Donoso Cortés, and Carl Schmitt––each sought to blame the chaos of their time upon the Janus-faced postrevolutionary ideals of liberalism and socialism by urging a return to pre-revolutionary moral (...)
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  19.  1
    Thermodynamics and point defects in the B2 intermetallic phase PdIn.M. Huang, W. Oates & Y. Chang - 2003 - Philosophical Magazine 83 (5):589-601.
    The X-ray and bulk densities of PdIn alloys have been determined at ambient temperature on samples annealed at 1273 and 1373 K and quenched in water-ice mixtures. From these measurements the vacancy concentrations in this intermetallic phase have been obtained as a function of In concentration at these two temperatures. In addition, a generalized thermodynamic model is presented which considers the existence of antisite and vacancy defects on both sublattices without any dilute solution approximations. This model uses three energy parameters, (...)
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  20.  18
    Truth-Makers.Kevin Mulligan, Peter M. Simons & Barry Smith - 2007 - In Jean-Maurice Monnoyer (ed.), Metaphysics and Truthmakers. Pisctaway, NJ: Ontos Verlag. pp. 18--9.
    Reprint of paper first published in Philosophy and Phenomenological Research in 1984.
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  21.  5
    "Ludeweixi Fei'erbaha he Deguo gu dian zhe xue di zong jie" qian shi.M. Yü Wang - 1988 - [Yanji shi]: Yanbian ren min chu ban she.
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  22.  2
    Päälaelleen käännetty tietoisuus: ideologiakäsitteen historian pääpiirteet.Kim Weckström - 1981 - [Tampere]: Tampereen yliopisto, Tiedotusopin laitos.
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  23. Consciousness and Energy Monism.M. Woodhouse - 2001 - In David Lorimer (ed.), Thinking beyond the brain: a wider science of consciousness. Edinburgh: Floris Books.
  24.  10
    Introduction.M. H. Werner, R. Stern & J. P. Brune - 2017 - In Jens Peter Brune, Robert Stern & Micha H. Werner (eds.), Transcendental Arguments in Moral Theory. Boston: De Gruyter. pp. 1-6.
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  25.  9
    Time and incompleteness in a deductive database.M. Howard Williams & Quinzheng Kong - 1991 - In B. Bouchon-Meunier, R. R. Yager & L. A. Zadeh (eds.), Uncertainty in Knowledge Bases. Springer. pp. 443--455.
  26.  91
    Reid on Powers and Abilities.M. Folescu - 2024 - In Sebastian Bender & Dominik Perler (eds.), Powers and Abilities in Early Modern Philosophy. Routledge. pp. 326-342.
    Early in his Essays on Intellectual Powers, Reid draws a distinction between mental power, mental operation, and mental capacity (EIP 21). To the untrained eye, these terms could probably be used interchangeably, and Reid believes this is correct, up to a point. He argues that, if we are interested in understanding exactly how the human mind works, we must use these terms with more precise meanings. This is part of his more general strategy of trying to always use the words (...)
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  27.  28
    Prior expectations facilitate metacognition for perceptual decision.M. T. Sherman, A. K. Seth, A. B. Barrett & R. Kanai - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 35 (C):53-65.
  28.  93
    The structure of metaphor: the way the language of metaphor works.Roger M. White - 1996 - Cambridge: Blackwell.
    This volume provides a philosophical introduction to and analysis of the study of metaphor. By proceeding from the concrete analysis of complex metaphors, White is able to identify a range of features which are incompatible with standard accounts of the way words function in metaphor.
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  29.  15
    Phenomenology and the clinical event.Richard M. Zaner - 1994 - In Mano Daniel & Lester Embree (eds.), Phenomenology of the cultural disciplines. Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 39--66.
  30. Universals: an opinionated introduction.D. M. Armstrong - 1989 - Boulder: Westview Press.
    In this short text, a distinguished philosopher turns his attention to one of the oldest and most fundamental philosophical problems of all: How it is that we are able to sort and classify different things as being of the same natural class? Professor Armstrong carefully sets out six major theories—ancient, modern, and contemporary—and assesses the strengths and weaknesses of each. Recognizing that there are no final victories or defeats in metaphysics, Armstrong nonetheless defends a traditional account of universals as the (...)
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  31. A World of States of Affairs.D. M. Armstrong - 1993 - Philosophical Perspectives 7:429-440.
    In this important study D. M. Armstrong offers a comprehensive system of analytical metaphysics that synthesises but also develops his thinking over the last twenty years. Armstrong's analysis, which acknowledges the 'logical atomism' of Russell and Wittgenstein, makes facts the fundamental constituents of the world, examining properties, relations, numbers, classes, possibility and necessity, dispositions, causes and laws. All these, it is argued, find their place and can be understood inside a scheme of states of affairs. This is a comprehensive and (...)
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  32.  80
    Feminism & bioethics: beyond reproduction.Susan M. Wolf (ed.) - 1996 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Bioethics has paid surprisingly little attention to the special problems faced by women and to feminist analyses of current health care issues other than ...
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  33. Causality.Jessica M. Wilson - 2005 - In Sahotra Sarkar & Jessica Pfeifer (eds.), The Philosophy of Science: An Encyclopedia. New York: Routledge. pp. 90--100.
    Arguably no concept is more fundamental to science than that of causality, for investigations into cases of existence, persistence, and change in the natural world are largely investigations into the causes of these phenomena. Yet the metaphysics and epistemology of causality remain unclear. For example, the ontological categories of the causal relata have been taken to be objects (Hume 1739), events (Davidson 1967), properties (Armstrong 1978), processes (Salmon 1984), variables (Hitchcock 1993), and facts (Mellor 1995). (For convenience, causes and effects (...)
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  34. Meno. Plato & G. M. A. Grube - 1949 - New York,: Liberal Arts Press. Edited by D. N. Sedley & Plato.
  35.  18
    Unconfounding time and number discrimination in a Mechner counting schedule.Donald M. Wilkie, Janet B. Webster & Leslie G. Leader - 1979 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 13 (6):390-392.
  36. Good, Actually: Aristotelian Metaphysics and the ‘Guise of the Good’.Adam M. Willows - 2022 - Philosophy 97 (2):187-205.
    In this paper I argue that both defence and criticism of the claim that humans act ‘under the guise of the good’ neglects the metaphysical roots of the theory. I begin with an overview of the theory and its modern commentators, with critics noting the apparent possibility of acting against the good, and supporters claiming that such actions are instances of error. These debates reduce the ‘guise of the good’ to a claim about intention and moral action, and in so (...)
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  37. Matter and Consciousness.Paul M. Churchland - 1985 - Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press.
    In _Matter and Consciousness_, Paul Churchland presents a concise and contemporary overview of the philosophical issues surrounding the mind and explains the main theories and philosophical positions that have been proposed to solve them. Making the case for the relevance of theoretical and experimental results in neuroscience, cognitive science, and artificial intelligence for the philosophy of mind, Churchland reviews current developments in the cognitive sciences and offers a clear and accessible account of the connections to philosophy of mind. For this (...)
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  38. Waving or drowning? Socrates and the sophists on self-knowledge in the Euthydemus.M. M. McCabe - 2013 - In G. Boys-Stones, C. Gill & D. El-Murr (eds.), The Platonic Art of philosophy. Cambridge University Press.
  39.  43
    Intrinsic Value and Individual Worth.M. J. Zimmerman - 2005 - In Toni Rønnow-Rasmussen & Michael J. Zimmerman (eds.), Recent work on intrinsic value. Dordrecht: Springer. pp. 191--205.
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  40. Is there integrity in the bottom line.Donald M. Wolfe - 1988 - In Suresh Srivastva (ed.), Executive integrity: the search for high human values in organizational life. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
     
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  41. Self is Magic.Daniel M. Wegner - 2008 - In John Baer, James C. Kaufman & Roy F. Baumeister (eds.), Are we free?: psychology and free will. New York: Oxford University Press.
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  42.  65
    The Russian cosmists: the esoteric futurism of Nikolai Fedorov and his followers.George M. Young - 2012 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    The spiritual geography of Russian cosmism. General characteristics ; Recent definitions of cosmism -- Forerunners of Russian cosmism. Vasily Nazarovich Karazin (1773-1842) ; Alexander Nikolaevich Radishchev (1749-1802) ; Poets: Mikhail Vasilyevich Lomonosov, (1711-1765) and Gavriila Romanovich Derzhavin (1743-1816) ; Prince Vladimir Fedorovich Odoevsky (1803-1869) ; Aleksander Vasilyevich Sukhovo-Kobylin (1817-1903) -- The Russian philosophical context. Philosophy as a passion ; The destiny of Russia ; Thought as a call for action ; The totalitarian cast of mind -- The religious and spiritual (...)
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  43. Experimental Philosophy, Noisy Intuitions, and Messy Inferences.Jonathan M. Weinberg - 2016 - In Jennifer Nado (ed.), Advances in Experimental Philosophy & Philosophical Methodology. New York: Bloomsbury Academic.
    Much discussion about experimental philosophy and philosophical methodology has been framed in terms of the reliability of intuitions, and even when it has not been about reliability per se, it has been focused on whether intuitions meet whatever conditions they need to meet to be trustworthy as evidence. But really that question cannot be answered independently from the questions, evidence for what theories arrived at by what sorts of inferences? I will contend here that not just philosophy's sources of evidence, (...)
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  44.  21
    On Dialogues and Ontology. The Dialogical Approach to Free Logic.Shahid Rahman, M. Fischmann & H. Rückert - 1997 - Logique Et Analyse 160:357-374.
  45.  38
    Current Emotion Research in Linguistic Anthropology.James M. Wilce - 2014 - Emotion Review 6 (1):77-85.
    Linguistic anthropologists have studied emotion in societies around the world for several decades. This article defines the discipline, introduces its general relevance to emotion theory, then presents five of the most important contributions linguistic anthropology has made to the study of emotion.
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  46.  10
    Die Verfügbarkeit des Lebendigen: Gaterslebener Begegnung 1999.Anna M. Wobus, Ulrich Wobus & Benno Parthier (eds.) - 2000 - Halle (Saale): Deutsche Akademie der Naturforscher Leopoldina.
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  47. Bradleyan idealism and philosophical materialism.K. M. Ziebart - 2019 - In Philip MacEwen (ed.), Idealist Alternatives to Materialist Philosophies of Science. Leiden: BRILL.
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  48.  3
    Snapshots of five clinical ethics committees in the UK.M. Szeremeta, John Dawson, Donal Manning, Alan R. Watson, Margaret M. Wright, William Notcutt & Richard Lancaster - 2001 - Journal of Medical Ethics 27 (suppl 1):9-17.
    Each of the following papers gives an account of a different UK clinical ethics committee. The committees vary in the length of time they have been established, and also in the main focus of their work. The accounts discuss the development of the committees and some of the ethical problems that have been brought to them. The issues raised will be relevant for other National Health Service (NHS) trusts in the UK that wish to set up such a committee.
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  49.  26
    Women’s Perceptions of Childbirth Risk and Place of Birth.M. Regan & K. McElroy - 2013 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 24 (3):239-252.
    In the United States, clinical interventions such as epidurals, intravenous infusions, oxytocin, and intrauterine pressure catheters are used almost routinely in births in the hospital setting, despite evidence that the overutilization of such interventions likely plays a key role in increasing the need for cesarean section (CS). In 2010, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, approximately 32.8 percent of births in the U.S. were by CS. The U.S. National Institutes of Health has reported that CS increases (...)
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  50. An Ethical Evaluation of Evidence: A Stewardship Approach to Public Health Policy.M. Walton & E. Mengwasser - 2012 - Public Health Ethics 5 (1):16-21.
    This article aims to contribute to the application of ethical frameworks to public health policy. In particular, the article considers the use of the Nuffield Council on Bioethics stewardship model, as an applied framework for the evaluation of evidence within public health policymaking. The ‘Stewardship framework’ was applied to a policy proposal to restrict marketing of food and beverages to children. Reflections on applying the stewardship model as a framework are provided. The article concludes that the questions used to apply (...)
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