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Michael Friedman [149]Marilyn Friedman [57]Maurice Friedman [21]Maurice S. Friedman [20]
Milton Friedman [13]M. Friedman [9]Marilyn A. Friedman [5]Mordechai A. Friedman [4]

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Marilyn Friedman
Washington University in St. Louis
Michael Friedman
Stanford University
  1. Essays in Positive Economics.Milton Friedman - 1953 - University of Chicago Press.
    There is not, of course, a one-to-one relation between policy conclusions and the conclusions of positive economics; if there were, there would be no ...
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  2.  52
    The Scientific Image.Michael Friedman - 1982 - Journal of Philosophy 79 (5):274-283.
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  3. Explanation and Scientific Understanding.Michael Friedman - 1974 - Journal of Philosophy 71 (1):5-19.
  4. Kant and the Exact Sciences.Michael Friedman - 1990 - Harvard University Press.
    In this new book, Michael Friedman argues that Kant's continuing efforts to find a metaphysics that could provide a foundation for the sciences is of the utmost ...
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  5. Reconsidering Logical Positivism.Michael Friedman - 1999 - Cambridge University Press.
    In this collection of essays one of the preeminent philosophers of science writing offers a reinterpretation of the enduring significance of logical positivism, the revolutionary philosophical movement centered around the Vienna Circle in the 1920s and 30s. Michael Friedman argues that the logical positivists were radicals not by presenting a new version of empiricism but rather by offering a new conception of a priori knowledge and its role in empirical knowledge. This collection will be mandatory reading for any philosopher or (...)
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  6.  40
    Capitalism and Freedom.Milton Friedman - 1962 - Ethics 74 (1):70-72.
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  7.  7
    A Parting of the Ways: Carnap, Cassirer, and Heidegger.Michael Friedman - 2000 - Open Court.
    In this insightful study of the common origins of analytic and continental philosophy, Friedman looks at how social and political events intertwined and influenced philosophy during the early twentieth century, ultimately giving rise to the two very different schools of thought. He shows how these two approaches, now practiced largely in isolation from one another, were once opposing tendencies within a common discussion. Already polarized by their philosophical disagreements, these approaches were further split apart by the rise of Naziism and (...)
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  8. The Methodology of Positive Economics.Milton Friedman - 1953 - In Essays in Positive Economics. University of Chicago Press. pp. 3-43.
  9.  9
    Women and Moral Theory.Eva Feder Kittay, Carol Gilligan, Annette C. Baier, Michael Stocker, Christina H. Sommers, Kathryn Pyne Addelson, Virginia Held, Thomas E. Hill Jr, Seyla Benhabib, George Sher, Marilyn Friedman, Jonathan Adler, Sara Ruddick, Mary Fainsod, David D. Laitin, Lizbeth Hasse & Sandra Harding - 1987 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    To find more information about Rowman and Littlefield titles, please visit www.rowmanlittlefield.com.
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  10. Autonomy, Gender, Politics.Marilyn Friedman - 2002 - Oxford University Press.
    Women have historically been prevented from living autonomously by systematic injustice, subordination, and oppression. The lingering effects of these practices have prompted many feminists to view autonomy with suspicion. Here, Marilyn Friedman defends the ideal of feminist autonomy. In her eyes, behavior is autonomous if it accords with the wants, cares, values, or commitments that the actor has reaffirmed and is able to sustain in the face of opposition. By her account, autonomy is socially grounded yet also individualizing and sometimes (...)
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  11.  62
    Foundations of Space-Time Theories.Michael Friedman - 1987 - Noûs 21 (4):595-601.
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  12.  10
    Dynamics of Reason: The 1999 Kant Lectures at Stanford University.Michael Friedman - 2001 - CSLI Publications.
    This book introduces a new approach to the issue of radical scientific revolutions, or "paradigm-shifts," given prominence in the work of Thomas Kuhn. The book articulates a dynamical and historicized version of the conception of scientific a priori principles first developed by the philosopher Immanuel Kant. This approach defends the Enlightenment ideal of scientific objectivity and universality while simultaneously doing justice to the revolutionary changes within the sciences that have since undermined Kant's original defense of this ideal. Through a modified (...)
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  13.  80
    Kant's Construction of Nature: A Reading of the Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Science.Michael Friedman - 2013 - Cambridge University Press.
    Kant's Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Science is one of the most difficult but also most important of Kant's works. Published in 1786 between the first and second editions of the Critique of Pure Reason, the Metaphysical Foundations occupies a central place in the development of Kant's philosophy, but has so far attracted relatively little attention compared with other works of Kant's critical period. Michael Friedman's book develops a new and complete reading of this work and reconstructs Kant's main argument clearly (...)
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  14.  43
    Essays in Positive Economics. By Henry M. Oliver, Jr. [REVIEW]Milton Friedman - 1954 - Ethics 65:71.
  15. What Are Friends For?: Feminist Perspectives on Personal Relationships and Moral Theory.Marilyn Friedman - 1993 - Cornell University Press.
    A contribution to the feminist discussion on moral theory, exploring the debate between moral impartiality and the partiality that characterizes personal relationships, the ethic of care and its relation to justice in a gender asymmetrical society, and the role of intimate friendship in an era of the dissolution of both extended and nuclear families.
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  16. Dynamics of Reason.Michael Friedman - 2001 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 68 (3):702-712.
    This book introduces a new approach to the issue of radical scientific revolutions, or "paradigm-shifts," given prominence in the work of Thomas Kuhn. The book articulates a dynamical and historicized version of the conception of scientific a priori principles first developed by the philosopher Immanuel Kant. This approach defends the Enlightenment ideal of scientific objectivity and universality while simultaneously doing justice to the revolutionary changes within the sciences that have since undermined Kant's original defense of this ideal. Through a modified (...)
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  17. Bertrand Russell's the Analysis of Matter: Its Historical Context and Contemporary Interest.William Demopoulos & Michael Friedman - 1985 - Philosophy of Science 52 (4):621-639.
    The Analysis of Matter is perhaps best known for marking Russell's rejection of phenomenalism and his development of a variety of Lockean representationalism–-Russell's causal theory of perception. This occupies Part 2 of the work. Part 1, which is certainly less well known, contains many observations on twentieth-century physics. Unfortunately, Russell's discussion of relativity and the foundations of physical geometry is carried out in apparent ignorance of Reichenbach's and Carnap's investigations in the same period. The issue of conventionalism in its then (...)
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  18. Reconsidering Logical Positivism.Michael Friedman & Alan W. Richardson - 1999 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 62 (1):152-155.
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  19. Kant on Geometry and Spatial Intuition.Michael Friedman - 2012 - Synthese 186 (1):231-255.
    I use recent work on Kant and diagrammatic reasoning to develop a reconsideration of central aspects of Kant’s philosophy of geometry and its relation to spatial intuition. In particular, I reconsider in this light the relations between geometrical concepts and their schemata, and the relationship between pure and empirical intuition. I argue that diagrammatic interpretations of Kant’s theory of geometrical intuition can, at best, capture only part of what Kant’s conception involves and that, for example, they cannot explain why Kant (...)
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  20.  36
    Kant and the Exact Sciences.William Harper & Michael Friedman - 1995 - Philosophical Review 104 (4):587.
    This is a very important book. It has already become required reading for researchers on the relation between the exact sciences and Kant’s philosophy. The main theme is that Kant’s continuing program to find a metaphysics that could provide a foundation for the science of his day is of crucial importance to understanding the development of his philosophical thought from its earliest precritical beginnings in the thesis of 1747, right through the highwater years of the critical philosophy, to his last (...)
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  21. .Michael Friedman & Alfred Nordmann (eds.) - 2006 - MIT Press.
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  22. The Cambridge Companion to Carnap.Michael Friedman & Richard Creath (eds.) - 2007 - Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.
    Rudolf Carnap is increasingly regarded as one of the most important philosophers of the twentieth century. He was one of the leading figures of the logical empiricist movement associated with the Vienna Circle and a central figure in the analytic tradition more generally. He made major contributions to philosophy of science and philosophy of logic, and, perhaps most importantly, to our understanding of the nature of philosophy as a discipline. In this volume a team of contributors explores the major themes (...)
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  23. Autonomy and the Split-Level Self.Marilyn A. Friedman - 1986 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 24 (1):19-35.
  24. How to Blame People Responsibly.Marilyn Friedman - 2013 - Journal of Value Inquiry 47 (3):271-284.
  25. Carnap's Aufbau Reconsidered.Michael Friedman - 1987 - Noûs 21 (4):521-545.
  26. The Scientific Image by Bas C. Van Fraassen. [REVIEW]Michael Friedman - 1982 - Journal of Philosophy 79 (5):274-283.
  27. Science Without Numbers: A Defense of Nominalism. Hartry H. Field.Michael Friedman - 1981 - Philosophy of Science 48 (3):505-506.
  28. Kant, Kuhn, and the Rationality of Science.Michael Friedman - 2002 - Philosophy of Science 69 (2):171-90.
    This paper considers the evolution of the problem of scientific rationality from Kant through Carnap to Kuhn. I argue for a relativized and historicized version of the original Kantian conception of scientific a priori principles and examine the way in which these principles change and develop across revolutionary paradigm shifts. The distinctively philosophical enterprise of reflecting upon and contextualizing such principles is then seen to play a key role in making possible rational intersubjective communication between otherwise incommensurable paradigms.
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  29. Autonomy and Social Relationships: Rethinking the Feminist Critique.Marilyn Friedman - 1997 - In Diana T. Meyers (ed.), Feminists Rethink the Self. Westview Press. pp. 40--61.
     
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  30. Causal Laws and the Foundations of Natural Science.Michael Friedman - 1992 - In Paul Guyer (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Kant. Cambridge University Press. pp. 3--161.
  31. Synthetic History Reconsidered.Michael Friedman - 2010 - In Michael Friedman, Mary Domski & Michael Dickson (eds.), Discourse on a New Method: Reinvigorating the Marriage of History and Philosophy of Science. Open Court.
  32. Carnap on Theoretical Terms: Structuralism Without Metaphysics. [REVIEW]Michael Friedman - 2011 - Synthese 180 (2):249 - 263.
    Both realists and instrumentalists have found it difficult to understand (much less accept) Carnap's developed view on theoretical terms, which attempts to stake out a neutral position between realism and instrumentalism. I argue that Carnap's mature conception of a scientific theory as the conjunction of its Ramsey sentence and Carnap sentence can indeed achieve this neutral position. To see this, however, we need to see why the Newman problem raised in the context of recent work on structural realism is no (...)
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  33. The Re-Evaluation of Logical Positivism.Michael Friedman - 1991 - Journal of Philosophy 88 (10):505-519.
  34. Feminism and Modern Friendship: Dislocating the Community.Marilyn Friedman - 1989 - Ethics 99 (2):275-290.
  35. Geometry, Construction, and Intuition in Kant and His Successors.Michael Friedman - 2000 - In Gila Sher & Richard L. Tieszen (eds.), Between Logic and Intuition: Essays in Honor of Charles Parsons. Cambridge University Press. pp. 186--218.
  36. The Meaning and Status of Newton's Law of Inertia and the Nature of Gravitational Forces.J. Earman & M. Friedman - 1973 - Philosophy of Science 40 (3):329-359.
    A four dimensional approach to Newtonian physics is used to distinguish between a number of different structures for Newtonian space-time and a number of different formulations of Newtonian gravitational theory. This in turn makes possible an in-depth study of the meaning and status of Newton's Law of Inertia and a detailed comparison of the Newtonian and Einsteinian versions of the Law of Inertia and the Newtonian and Einsteinian treatments of gravitational forces. Various claims about the status of Newton's Law of (...)
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  37. Theory of the Consumption Function.Milton Friedman - 2008 - Princeton University Press.
    What is the exact nature of the consumption function? Can this term be defined so that it will be consistent with empirical evidence and a valid instrument in the hands of future economic researchers and policy makers? In this volume a distinguished American economist presents a new theory of the consumption function, tests it against extensive statistical J material and suggests some of its significant implications.Central to the new theory is its sharp distinction between two concepts of income, measured income, (...)
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  38.  82
    Philosophical Naturalism.Michael Friedman - 1997 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 71 (2):5 - 21.
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  39.  45
    Martin Buber: The Life of Dialogue.Maurice S. Friedman - 1955 - Routledge.
    Martin Buber: The Life of Dialogue , the first study in any language to provide a complete overview of Buber's thought, remains the definitive guide to the full range of his work and the starting point for all modern Buber scholarship. As well as summarizing Buber's early intellectual development and attitudes - his mysticism, his youthful existentialism, his philosophy of Judaism and religious socialism - it focuses on the two crucial issues of his mature thought: his dialogic or I-Thou philosophy, (...)
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  40. Exorcising the Philosophical Tradition: Comments on John McDowell’s Mind and World.Michael Friedman - 1996 - Philosophical Review 105 (4):427-467.
    One of the most interesting aspects of McDowell’s very interesting book is the way in which it locates the problems of late-twentieth-century Anglo-American philosophy within the historical development of the Western philosophical tradition. Beginning with an opposition between Coherentism and the Myth of the Given exemplified in recent work of Donald Davidson’s, McDowell proceeds to frame his discussion in terms of the Kantian distinction between concepts and intuitions, understanding and sensibility, spontaneity and receptivity. McDowell’s basic idea is that we can (...)
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  41.  81
    Epistemology in the Aufbau.Michael Friedman - 1992 - Synthese 93 (1-2):15 - 57.
  42. Autonomy, Social Disruption and Women.Marilyn Friedman - 2000 - In Catriona Mackenzie & Natalie Stoljar (eds.), Relational Autonomy: Feminist Perspectives on Autonomy, Agency, and the Social Self. Oup Usa.
     
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  43.  44
    Beyond Caring: The De-Moralization of Gender.Marilyn Friedman - 1987 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 17 (sup1):87-110.
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  44. Ernst Cassirer and Thomas Kuhn: The Neo-Kantian Tradition in History and Philosophy of Science.Michael Friedman - 2008 - Philosophical Forum 39 (2):239-252.
  45. Kant's Theory of Geometry.Michael Friedman - 1985 - Philosophical Review 94 (4):455-506.
  46. The Practice of Partiality.Marilyn Friedman - 1991 - Ethics 101 (4):818-835.
    This essay counteracts that trend [regarding the debate about whether partiality can be justified, those supporting impartiality have generally been on the offensive arguing that morality calls for impartiality] by taking a closer look at the moral complexity of our social practices of partiality. My adoption of this approach does not represent an endorsement of current notions of impartiality. The ideal of impartiality, in my view, should be substantially reformulated. However, that the concept of partiality is transparently defensible. In this (...)
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  47.  11
    Relativity and Geometry.Michael Friedman - 1984 - Noûs 18 (4):653-664.
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  48. Discourse on a New Method: Reinvigorating the Marriage of History and Philosophy of Science.Michael Friedman, Mary Domski & Michael Dickson (eds.) - 2010 - Open Court.
    Addressing a wide range of topics, from Newton to Post-Kuhnian philosophy of science, these essays critically examine themes that have been central to the influential work of philosopher Michael Friedman.
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  49. Regulative and Constitutive.Michael Friedman - 1992 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 30 (S1):73-102.
  50. Carnap and Quine: Twentieth-Century Echoes of Kant and Hume.Michael Friedman - 2006 - Philosophical Topics 34 (1/2):35-58.
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