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B. M. M. [47]B. M. [15]B. C. M. [2]Babitha M. [1]
B. S. M. [1]B. M. B. M. [1]B. N. M. [1]B. A. B. M. [1]
  1.  17
    Semantic Information Processing. [REVIEW]B. M. M. - 1970 - Review of Metaphysics 24 (2):353-353.
    Since the introduction of the computer in the early 1950's, the investigation of artificial intelligence has followed three chief avenues: the discovery of self-organizing systems; the building of working models of human behavior, incorporating specific psychological theories; and the building of "heuristic" machines, without bias in favor of humanoid characteristics. While this work has used philosophical logic and its results may illustrate philosophical problems, the artificial intelligence program is by now an intricate, organized specialty. This book, therefore, has a quite (...)
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  2.  47
    The Problem of Scientific Realism. [REVIEW]B. M. - 1973 - Review of Metaphysics 27 (1):144-145.
    This book contains a long introduction by MacKinnon, and 12 articles on various aspects of the problem of realism, all contemporary sources with the exception of two selections from Aristotle and Newton. In addition, there is a bibliographic essay. MacKinnon’s introduction contains a historical introduction to the problem of scientific realism followed by a systematic analysis of some of the basic issues. The introduction is designed to illustrate "the intimate relation between theories of knowledge and philosophical positions defending or attacking (...)
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  3.  41
    Camus. [REVIEW]B. M. M. - 1968 - Review of Metaphysics 22 (2):388-388.
    This is one of a series providing modest introductions to philosophers and their work. There are some two dozen writers treated in the series, from Lucretius to Sartre. Sarocchi gives a brief biography, stressing Camus' early illness and other experiences which are important for the longer evaluative essay which follows. Camus is considered as a philosopher, a moralist, and a lyrical writer. Because of Camus' character, rather than for philosophical reasons, Sarocchi finds nostalgia to be the secret destination of Camus' (...)
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  4.  39
    Identity: Youth and Crisis. [REVIEW]B. M. M. - 1969 - Review of Metaphysics 22 (4):750-751.
    Erikson is Professor of Human Development at Harvard, a psychoanalyst, and the author of the widely influential books, Young Man Luther, and Childhood and Society. What is the relevance of his latest book to philosophy? One answer is that Erikson deals with several concepts of personal identity which philosophers will recognize as corresponding to historical philosophic positions. He does not choose between these disparate views, but correlates them, treating each as partial, and learning about his complex subject from the habits (...)
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  5.  39
    Perspectives in Philosophy. [REVIEW]B. M. M. - 1970 - Review of Metaphysics 23 (4):738-739.
    The disadvantages of both the historical and the "problems" approaches to a first course in philosophy are all too familiar. Beck's proven introductory text is organized according to "perspectives" or schools, a loose grouping in terms of "continuity of intention," so that versions of the same attitude are presented ranging in time from Plato to Gilson for realism, or Lucretius to Nagel for naturalism. This second edition differs from the first in the inclusion of a greater variety of statements on (...)
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  6.  35
    Scepticism. [REVIEW]B. M. M. - 1970 - Review of Metaphysics 23 (3):562-563.
    By "scepticism" Naess means an activity or characteristic attitude, anti-conceptual, non-assertive, and ad hoc. The real sceptic has not yet happened on an argument with no countervailing ones, but he is a "great champion of trust and confidence and of common sense in action." This sceptic is the Pyrrhonist as pictured by Sextus Empiricus; the sceptic of twentieth century epistemology, who asserts that we don't know what we think we do, would be called an Academician. After chapters on historical, psychological, (...)
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  7. Il "Giornale de' Letterati".B. M. B. M. - 1984 - Giornale Critico Della Filosofia Italiana 4 (3):457.
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  8. Lorenzo Minio Paluello.B. N. M. - 1951 - Giornale Critico Della Filosofia Italiana 5:305.
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  9. Reality at Risk: A Defense of Realism in Philosophy and the Sciences. [REVIEW]B. C. M. - 1982 - Review of Metaphysics 35 (3):634-635.
    The book argues for realism defined as the assertion of the self-subsistence of entities. Trigg rejects Rescher's conceptual idealism, which maintains that since without mind there would be no way of distinguishing, and mind only sees a chair from a perspective, we cannot say what a chair is "in itself." This view keeps us on one side of the correspondence relation, Trigg says. He proposes that our concepts are "a window on reality." Peirce's "Final Agreement," what reality corresponds to, is (...)
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  10. "Revue Philosophique de Louvain," Revista Trimestral. Noviembre 1949.B. A. B. M. - 1950 - Philosophia (Misc.) 13:111.
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  11. Nava--Vēda: Or, New Light: New Book of Real Knowledge: An Astro-Philosophical and Socio-Scientific Treatise.Raja Rao & B. M. - 1968 - Raja Rao.
    v. 1. God, religion, and philosophy; a historical retrospect. 2d ed. 1971.--v. 2. Purushka and prakrita (God and nature). 1st ed. 1968.--v. 3. God and man (nara and Narayan). 1st ed. 1974.--v. 4. Thought; gems in verse: sayings of great saints and thinkers of India. 1st ed. 1975.--v. 5. Truths stranger than fiction. 1st ed.
     
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  12.  31
    Charles S. Peirce on Norms and Ideals. [REVIEW]B. M. M. - 1968 - Review of Metaphysics 22 (1):151-152.
    The vitality of Peirce's ideas has recently stimulated the writing of several books and articles. This is not strictly a revival, but rather the first systematic presentation to the philosophic public of what Peirce hoped was an architectonic philosophy. While some commentators find Peirce's work to consist merely of brilliant fragments of an ultimate failure, Potter believes that Peirce "has achieved a partial synthesis with gaps and inconsistencies, some of which at least can be remedied." In this book Potter distinguishes (...)
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  13.  25
    Essays in Philosophical Analysis. [REVIEW]B. M. M. - 1969 - Review of Metaphysics 23 (2):353-353.
    This is one of three books edited or written by Rescher to be published in one year's time. Primarily a collection of material from professional literature of the past decade, there are five new pieces. All the essays use logical and conceptual analysis: there is a historical and a systematic section. Some of the historical essays draw on Rescher's scholarship in the history of logic, including Arabic logic. One chapter discusses some logical difficulties of Leibniz' metaphysics. The systematic section opens (...)
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  14.  24
    Psychiatry and Philosophy. [REVIEW]B. M. M. - 1970 - Review of Metaphysics 23 (4):755-756.
    Convinced that "the role of philosophy in the advancement of science is to make trouble," Erwin Straus has led an informal group of college professors, permanent research staffs of the Lexington's psychiatric hospitals, and a parade of young government doctors, to challenge the foundations of their disciplines to come up with a synoptic view of psychiatry. In this book a French psychiatrist and an American philosopher join Straus in issuing the call to a wider audience. Straus finds that psychiatry grew (...)
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  15.  24
    The Challenge of Children. [REVIEW]B. M. - 1957 - Review of Metaphysics 11 (1):170-170.
    Written with sincerity and understanding, this book advocates a new and creative approach to the parent-child relationship. --M. B.
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  16.  24
    The Eighteenth Century. [REVIEW]B. M. M. - 1968 - Review of Metaphysics 22 (2):373-373.
    This is the English translation of volume V, originally published in 1930, of Bréhier's History of Philosophy. A revised and enlarged bibliography has been prepared by Wesley P. Murphey. Bréhier's History is a standard work in Europe, and its translation permits English speaking readers to become familiar with the background which continental colleagues bring to their work. This is not just a survey of selected philosophers presented in chronological order. It is a history of philosophy, its major and minor trends, (...)
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  17.  27
    Causal Necessity. [REVIEW]B. M. - 1982 - Review of Metaphysics 35 (4):913-914.
  18.  23
    Possibilita E Liberta. [REVIEW]B. M. - 1957 - Review of Metaphysics 10 (4):714-714.
    A collection of articles centering around the analysis of the category of possibility. Most have been previously published; an English translation of one, "Scienza e Liberta," appeared in this Review V, p. 361. The treatment is in the contemporary existentialist manner, freedom being presented as based upon possibility, as existentially relevant, as finite and conditioned, yet effective in human affairs. Possibility and freedom, and their interrelation, are discussed from the point of view of their function and value within the philosophical, (...)
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  19.  6
    COVID19 ‐ A Report From the Democratic Republic of the Congo.Shibu Sasidharan, Vijay Singh, Babitha M. & Harpreet Dhillon - 2020 - Developing World Bioethics 20 (3):120-121.
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  20.  22
    A Prelude to Metaphysics. [REVIEW]B. M. M. - 1968 - Review of Metaphysics 22 (2):377-378.
    This text is designed to introduce undergraduates to metaphysics, but the authors suggest that with supplementary readings, it can be adapted for higher level courses as well. As a method aiming at both academic objectivity and personal engagement, the authors confront the students with the problems of metaphysics as formulated by Heidegger, Marcel, and Camus, and then, accompanied by these contemporary spokesmen, set their readers to the task of historical "retrieve" of the problems and convictions of ages past. There are (...)
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  21.  22
    L'homme Et l'Expérience, Textes Choisis. [REVIEW]B. M. M. - 1969 - Review of Metaphysics 22 (3):571-571.
    Selections from Hume's major writings are grouped under the headings: Reason and Experience, Reason and Sentiment, and Reason and Religion. There is also a short conclusion entitled "Skepticism." A Treatise on Human Nature, An Enquiry Concerning the Human Understanding, and An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals are from the 1962 and 1947 translations by André Leroy. The Dialogues on Natural Religion were translated in 1912 by Maxime David. Part I gives Hume's account of impressions, ideas, and their relations. Also (...)
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  22.  22
    Values and Imperatives. [REVIEW]B. M. M. - 1970 - Review of Metaphysics 23 (3):560-560.
    Throughout his work, from the logic which first brought him to prominence, through Our Social Inheritance, to the last book he lived to see through the press, Lewis was concerned with what he calls "the whole question of validity at large... the relation between valid knowing and justified self-direction of our activities." Lange, who was Lewis' student, has selected several lectures and papers from the last years of Lewis' life. Because Lewis had been working toward a major statement on ethics, (...)
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  23.  21
    The Logic of Decision and Action. [REVIEW]B. M. M. - 1969 - Review of Metaphysics 23 (1):143-144.
    The body of this book contains four original papers, comments, and author's replies, from a conference on the Logic of Decision and Action held at the University of Pittsburgh in March 1966. The principal authors are Herbert Simon, N. Rescher, Donald Davidson, and G. H. von Wright. Commentators are R. Ackermann, A. R. Anderson, N. D. Belnap, R. Binkley, H. N. Castañeda, R. Chisholm, J. Robison, and the late E. J. Lemmon. As appendices, there are articles by A. R. Anderson (...)
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  24.  21
    What I Do Not Believe and Other Essays. [REVIEW]B. M. - 1973 - Review of Metaphysics 26 (3):536-536.
    This vastly overpriced book contains 22 papers by the late Norwood Hanson. All of them have appeared previously except 3 lectures on "The Theory of Flight." "A Picture Theory of Theory-Meaning," which is announced as unpublished, actually does appear in a slightly modified version, under the same title, in The Nature and Function of Scientific Theories. The essays are divided into 6 parts: Part I: Philosophy of Science ; Part II: History of Science ; Part III: General Philosophy ; Part (...)
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  25.  21
    Man Against Darkness and Other Essays. [REVIEW]B. M. M. - 1968 - Review of Metaphysics 22 (2):389-389.
    This volume collects fifteen essays written for popular readership during a span of thirty-five years. The title essay, two on mysticism, and one on the status of belief in the survival of the soul are basically metaphysical. There are three on values, and four essays on philosophy and science. Two themes, the purposeless universe and the problems of moral materialism, recur in various relations throughout most of the essays. The reader may be puzzled by what appears as an explicit denial (...)
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  26.  20
    Introduction to Value Theory. [REVIEW]B. M. M. - 1970 - Review of Metaphysics 23 (3):564-564.
    Rescher has prepared this book for use as a text in upper level courses in value theory, and as supplementary reading in courses in normative ethics, methodology in economic theory, and methodology in the social sciences. Some sections have been published previously. More than half the chapters are new material. Reference tools are provided in 50 pages of bibliography and indexes. The values studied are the ordinary ones of life situations. Rescher takes an essentially objectivist view of values; they are (...)
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  27.  19
    The Grounds of Moral Judgment. [REVIEW]B. M. M. - 1968 - Review of Metaphysics 21 (4):751-752.
    Grice tells us that the grounds of judgments of obligation are the fundamental principles of morals, and that it is on these that judgments of moral good depend. He offers a double theory of obligation: basic, grounded in social contract; and ultra, grounded in the character of the particular moral agent. The book presents this case attractively. Although character is thus given a central role, Grice has very little to say about it. He discusses several related problems in ethical theory, (...)
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  28.  18
    Freedom and the Moral Life: The Ethics of William James. [REVIEW]B. M. M. - 1971 - Review of Metaphysics 25 (1):136-136.
    Freedom and unity are the values James most wanted to protect and to extend. Roth agrees with this choice, and recommends James to his readers as the moral philosopher who can best show us how. James is presented as combining a principled morality with the responsiveness to particular cases characteristic of existentialism and situational ethics, and his ethics is found to yield what John Wild would call a "primary existential norm": Act so as to maximize freedom and unity. While the (...)
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  29.  18
    The Organization of Inquiry. [REVIEW]B. M. M. - 1968 - Review of Metaphysics 21 (3):562-563.
    This book by an economist might seem to claim the attention of philosophers, as its chapters include "The subject and methods of inquiry," and "The problem of induction"; important topics in the philosophy of science. In fact, it is a superficial and pretentious essay on science as a social system. Few facts are offered. The generalizations distort. Probably due to the imprecision of their statement, the premisses often contradict one another. A disproportionate percentage of the book's length consists of various (...)
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  30.  17
    Death, Sacrifice and Tragedy. [REVIEW]B. M. M. - 1968 - Review of Metaphysics 21 (4):750-750.
    Martin Foss tells us that the job of the mature man is to use his gifts of reason and imagination to confront the world and death, and the job of philosophy is to replace for adults the myths which satisfy children. In our times, when, "absurdity, loneliness, death and isolation are the sinister themes," our lack of reflective insight into life and our failure to understand the interplay of process and structure result in a despair for which modern man must (...)
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  31.  17
    Essays in Traditional Jewish Thought. [REVIEW]B. M. - 1957 - Review of Metaphysics 10 (4):715-715.
    Popular essays and letters by the President of Yeshiva University. The author stresses the relevance of education in the orthodox Jewish tradition to the spiritual and social problems which face contemporary American Jewry. --M. B.
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  32.  17
    Philosophy and Illusion. [REVIEW]B. M. M. - 1969 - Review of Metaphysics 23 (1):133-133.
    This collection of eleven essays, four of them previously unpublished, extends from specific problems in metaphysics and epistemology to Lazerowitz' hypothesis about the hidden nature of philosophy. The book concludes the program of two previous books, The Structure of Metaphysics, and Studies in Metaphilosophy. The hypothesis was developed to explain a puzzle for both its friends and foes, that while it has always commanded great intellectual efforts, "in its 2400 years of existence, technical philosophy has not produced a single uncontroverted (...)
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  33.  16
    Analytical Philosophy of Knowledge. [REVIEW]B. M. M. - 1971 - Review of Metaphysics 24 (3):538-539.
    Danto contends that a subject matter exists which is irreducibly and autonomously philosophical. That subject matter is the relation between the world and men, when men are functioning as knowers of the world. Put another way, the locus of philosophy is the space between language and the world. This point is obscured for two large classes of philosophers by the frames of reference within which they work. The bulk of the book provides an original discussion in terms of which presuppositions (...)
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  34.  16
    Facts, Values and Ethics. [REVIEW]B. M. M. - 1971 - Review of Metaphysics 24 (4):752-753.
    Olthuis makes a singular contribution in bringing the "Philosophy of the Law-Idea" to the attention of philosophers who lack other access to this development in contemporary Dutch thought. His presentation concentrates on applications to ethics. He begins with a thorough exposition of G. E. Moore's ethical theory, to which he applies "history's critique"--a resumé of Ayer and Stevenson, of Oxford meta-ethics, and of the "new wave" of naturalism set in motion by Anscombe and Foot in 1958. Olthuis finds that neither (...)
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  35.  16
    John Dewey's Theory of Inquiry and Truth. [REVIEW]B. M. M. - 1968 - Review of Metaphysics 22 (1):150-151.
    Nissen draws on Logic: The Theory of Inquiry, and also uses quotations from four others of Dewey's books, mostly in the section on truth. The monograph is an unrelenting attack on Dewey's theories, following the lead of Bertrand Russell's criticisms in Schilpp's The Philosophy of John Dewey. Nissen takes key terms of the theories, renders each into a form which he finds clearer, and comparing this form with other statements from Dewey, judges the results Dewey achieves to be incorrect, trivial, (...)
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  36.  15
    A Plato Reader. [REVIEW]B. M. M. - 1967 - Review of Metaphysics 21 (2):388-388.
    Levinson presents a biographical sketch and selects eight themes from Plato's thought, giving a short exposition of each, and illustrating the points he makes with quite substantial selections of Plato's work. There is a bibliography of secondary material, an appendix each on translation and transliteration, but no index. The order of the themes approximates that of the dialogues in which they are illustrated, with some overlapping and cross-references. They are: Saint Socrates, The Eternal Ideas, The Psyche, Love and Beauty, The (...)
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  37.  15
    Lending a Hand to Hylas. [REVIEW]B. M. M. - 1969 - Review of Metaphysics 23 (1):140-140.
    Sellars offers a twentieth-century American Hylas as the adversary to Philonous, the spokesman of the idealist position in Berkeley's Three Dialogues. Hylas is still a materialist, but espouses an evolutionary or "emergent" materialism. He challenges Philonous' assumption that matter is inert, and incapable of giving rise to novelties such as consciousness or life itself. Since Sellars finds Berkeley to be entirely logical in his argument, he tends his hand to the theory of perception. Sellars' Hylas finds Berkeley's analysis of mediate (...)
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  38.  15
    Reality at Risk.B. C. M. - 1982 - Review of Metaphysics 35 (3):634-636.
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  39.  14
    L'au-Delà. [REVIEW]B. M. - 1957 - Review of Metaphysics 11 (1):164-164.
    This small book of the "Que sais-je?" series, is concerned with the question of after-life. The first half of the book is an excellent historical review of the various beliefs on this subject as held in different ages, in different parts of the world and in different religions. These surveys, though brief, are clear, and the material is tied together by an introduction and conclusion which raise the book somewhat above the "college outline" level.--M. B.
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  40.  14
    Neurosciences Research Symposium Summaries. [REVIEW]B. M. M. - 1970 - Review of Metaphysics 23 (4):753-754.
    This volume contains reports on work sessions sponsored by MIT. Participants include distinguished neuroscientists and specialists in communications and psychology from North and South America and Europe. Of particular interest to philosophers are reports on the biology of drives and on neural coding. In the former, evidence is presented to show that the same unfamiliar stimulus may elicit either curiosity or fear behavior in members of the same species, and that fear responses, for example, may be elicited either by discrepancy (...)
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  41.  14
    Perception and Personal Identity: Proceedings of the 1967 Oberlin Colloquium in Philosophy. [REVIEW]B. M. M. - 1970 - Review of Metaphysics 23 (4):754-754.
    Richard Popkin gives the frame into which the topics of the colloquium fit: Cartesian skepticism about our knowledge of the existence of the self and the external world. Robert Fogelin sketches a prescriptive model for human action, using classical and contemporary ideas on the grammar of act descriptions. Following these individual papers, there are three symposia, consisting of a paper, comments, and author's reply. In the first, with Philip Hugly as commentator, Fred Dretske attempts to undercut skeptical attack on the (...)
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  42.  11
    Causal Necessity: A Pragmatic Investigation of the Necessity of Laws. [REVIEW]B. M. - 1982 - Review of Metaphysics 35 (4):913-914.
    The basic thesis of Skyrms's book is that the nomic necessity of laws should be understood in terms of the ways in which laws are confirmed and applied rather than as some mysterious metaphysical or epistemological quality. Skyrms's account centers around the notions of resiliency, which is a measure of probabilistic invariance, and that of propensities, which he takes to be highly resilient probabilities that figure in laws of nature.
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  43.  13
    Meaning and Action: A Critical History of Pragmatism. [REVIEW]B. M. M. - 1970 - Review of Metaphysics 23 (4):750-750.
    A good and useful book with over 100 pages of appendices, bibliography and index, its utility perhaps will be due more to its qualities as a reference than as critique. The first of five parts sketches the background of pragmatism, concentrating on the problems of scientific knowledge. Part II gives a chapter each to Peirce, James, Dewey, Lewis, and G. H. Mead, emphasizing their answers to the problems of Part I. Part III treats pragmatism in Europe. Part IV is called (...)
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  44.  13
    Personal Ethics in an Impersonal World. [REVIEW]B. M. M. - 1968 - Review of Metaphysics 22 (1):141-141.
    Readable, knowledgeable, and above all, eminently timely, this book is intended for the general public. It is written by a college professor and chaplain whose substantial background in the philosophical and theological bases of ethics enables him to show that the pervasive problem underlying the causes, symptoms, and effects of today's unease is essentially moral. Conover deals with the coequal focal points of moral man and moral society. He has chapters on the self, interpersonal relations, and the meaning of the (...)
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  45.  13
    Readings in Contemporary Ethical Theory. [REVIEW]B. M. M. - 1971 - Review of Metaphysics 24 (4):765-765.
    With the addition of the words "Anglo-American" after "Contemporary," the title of this book could serve as its review. The emphasis of the collection is on analytic British and American ethical theory since 1950, although the editors do dip back into 1903 for G. E. Moore. There are five sections: Moral Reasoning and the Is-Ought Controversy; Rules, Principles, and Utilitarianism; Concepts of Morality; Why be Moral?; and Normative, Religious, and Metaethics. The editors have kept their explanatory material to a minimum, (...)
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  46.  12
    Humanismo: Teórico, Práctico, y Positivo, Según Marx. [REVIEW]B. M. M. - 1968 - Review of Metaphysics 21 (4):750-751.
    Sr. Garcia wants to bring readers the image of Marx they might draw from his 1844 economic-philosophical manuscripts which were not published until 1932, on the initiative of the Marx-Engels Institute of Moscow, under the title Zur Kritik der Nationaloeconomie mit einem Schlusskapitel über die Hegelsche Philosophie. He feels the tardy discovery of this work is as significant for the understanding of Marx as the belated discovery of the epistles of Saint John would have been to an understanding of Jesus. (...)
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  47.  12
    Introduction to the Philosophy of Religion. [REVIEW]B. M. M. - 1971 - Review of Metaphysics 24 (3):550-550.
    Short, immediately engaging, vigorously competent in analytic technique, this book could be used profitably in a "problems" format introduction to philosophy, as well as for a text in the philosophy of religion. Knowledgeable and at ease with the Judeo-Christian tradition which provides the religious subject matter of his analysis, Ross writes as a philosopher, not an apologist. He does show that certain attacks on religious positions are instances of general philosophical trends, and can best be met with specialized philosophical argument. (...)
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  48.  12
    Perspectives in Social Philosophy: Readings in Philosophic Sources of Social Thought. [REVIEW]B. M. M. - 1968 - Review of Metaphysics 21 (4):761-761.
    This book can be useful in a number of ways to teachers and students in social philosophy and allied fields despite the frustrating brevity of the selections, most of which average five pages. Purchased with this severe economy is the advantage of a wide span of selections, starting with Plato and Aristotle, and including those as recent as the 1960s. The selections are comprehensive in viewpoints presented. In addition to professional philosophers we are given the work of theologians, jurists, political (...)
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  49.  12
    Physical Science and Ethics: A Reflection on the Relationship Between Nature and Morality. [REVIEW]B. M. M. - 1968 - Review of Metaphysics 22 (1):157-157.
    Not a text, but a thoughtful and provocative essay for those who have already done their groundwork in ethical theory, this book is especially interesting because it introduces broadly relevant views of otherwise unfamiliar contemporary European philosophers as taken from their publications in the 1950's and 60's. van Melsen deals with the often opposing concepts of "man as nature," the object of science, and "man as freedom," the subject who carries out the research. An especially interesting thesis is that of (...)
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  50.  11
    Cover Page.B. M. - 2007 - Spontaneous Generations 1 (1).
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