Results for 'M. Anat'

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  1. Ludwig Wittgenstein.B. Anat & M. Anat - forthcoming - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
     
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  2.  11
    Two Roads Diverge in a Wood: Indifference to the Difference Between ‘Diversity’ and ‘Heterogeneity’ Should Be Resisted on Epistemic and Moral Grounds.Ayelet Shavit, Anat Kolumbus & Aaron M. Ellison - unknown
    We argue that a conceptual tension exists between “diversity” and “heterogeneity” and that glossing over their differences has practical, moral, and epistemic costs. We examine how these terms are used in ecology and the social sciences; articulate a deeper linguistic intuition; and test it with the Corpus of Contemporary American English. The results reveal that ‘diversity’ and ‘heterogeneity’ have conflicting rather than interchangeable meanings: heterogeneity implies a collective entity that interactively integrates different entities, whereas diversity implies divergence, not integration. Consequently, (...)
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  3.  13
    The Hippocratic Treatise On Anatomy.E. M. Craik - 1998 - Classical Quarterly 48 (1):135-167.
    On Anatomy is the shortest treatise preserved in the Hippocratic Corpus . It describes the internal configuration of the human trunk. The account is for the most part descriptive, function being largely disregarded and speculation completely eschewed. Though systematic it is unsophisticated: two orifices for ingestion are linked by miscellaneous organs, vessels, and viscera to two orifices for evacuation. There is a clear progression in two parallel sections: first, trachea to lung, lung described, location of heart, heart described, kidneys to (...)
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  4.  28
    Reaction Time in Focused and in Divided Attention.Anat Ninio & Daniel Kahneman - 1974 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 103 (3):394.
  5.  26
    Verbal and Figural Creativity in Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder and Typical Development.Anat Kasirer, Esther Adi-Japha & Nira Mashal - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  6. Descartes's Argument for the Existence of the Idea of an Infinite Being.Anat Schechtman - 2014 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 52 (3):487-517.
    the meditations on first philosophy presents us with an alleged proof for the existence of God that proceeds from the existence of an idea of an infinite being in the human mind—an idea of God—to the existence of God himself. Insofar as we have an idea of an infinite being, an idea with “infinite objective reality,” we can legitimately ask whence it came to us. The only possible cause of this idea, claims Descartes, is an infinite being, namely, God. The (...)
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  7.  14
    Verbal Creativity in Autism: Comprehension and Generation of Metaphoric Language in High-Functioning Autism Spectrum Disorder and Typical Development.Anat Kasirer & Nira Mashal - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  8. Three Infinities in Early Modern Philosophy.Anat Schechtman - 2019 - Mind 128 (512):1117-1147.
    Many historical and philosophical studies treat infinity as an exclusively quantitative notion, whose proper domain of application is mathematics and physics. The main aim of this paper is to disentangle, by critically examining, three notions of infinity in the early modern period, and to argue that one—but only one—of them is quantitative. One of these non-quantitative notions concerns being or reality, while the other concerns a particular iterative property of an aggregate. These three notions will emerge through examination of three (...)
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  9.  5
    The Resilience Function of Character Strengths in the Face of War and Protracted Conflict.Anat Shoshani & Michelle Slone - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  10.  14
    Positive Education for Young Children: Effects of a Positive Psychology Intervention for Preschool Children on Subjective Well Being and Learning Behaviors.Anat Shoshani & Michelle Slone - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  11.  15
    Piaget's Theory of Space Perception in Infancy.Anat Ninio - 1979 - Cognition 7 (2):125-144.
  12.  7
    Lifting the Taboo Regarding Teleology and Anthropomorphism in Biology Education—Heretical Suggestions.Anat Zohar & Shlomit Ginossar - 1998 - Science Education 82 (6):679-697.
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  13.  99
    Substance and Independence in Descartes.Anat Schechtman - 2016 - Philosophical Review 125 (2):155-204.
    Descartes notoriously characterizes substance in two ways: first, as an ultimate subject of properties ; second, as an independent entity. The characterizations have appeared to many to diverge on the definition as well as the scope of the notion of substance. For it is often thought that the ultimate subject of properties need not—and, in some cases, cannot—be independent. Drawing on a suite of historical, textual, and philosophical considerations, this essay argues for an interpretation that reconciles Descartes's two characterizations. It (...)
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  14.  4
    The Ontic and the Iterative: Descartes on the Infinite and the Indefinite.Anat Schechtman - 2018 - In Igor Agostini, Richard T. W. Arthur, Geoffrey Gorham, Paul Guyer, Mogens Lærke, Yitzhak Y. Melamed, Ohad Nachtomy, Sanja Särman, Anat Schechtman, Noa Shein & Reed Winegar (eds.), Infinity in Early Modern Philosophy. Springer Verlag. pp. 27-44.
    Descartes’s metaphysics posits a sharp distinction between two types of non-finitude, or unlimitedness: whereas God alone is infinite, numbers, space, and time are indefinite. The distinction has proven difficult to interpret in a way that abides by the textual evidence and conserves the theoretical roles that the distinction plays in Descartes’s philosophy—in particular, the important role it plays in the causal proof for God’s existence in the Meditations. After formulating the interpretive task, I criticize extant interpretations of the distinction. I (...)
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  15.  42
    Ludwig Wittgenstein.Anat Biletzki & Anat Matar - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  16.  51
    The Allegedly Cartesian Roots of Spinoza's Metaphysics.Anat Schechtman - 2018 - Philosophers' Imprint 18.
    There is a familiar story about Spinoza on which his substance monism arises straightforwardly from Descartes’ own conception of substance, which the latter combines—not entirely consistently—with substance pluralism. I argue that this story is mistaken: substance pluralism is fully consistent with Descartes’ conception of substance; it is also consistent with his claim that the term ‘substance’ is non-univocal. In defense of these claims, I argue that Descartes denies, whereas Spinoza accepts, that causation precludes the kind of independence that is characteristic (...)
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  17.  66
    Ethics as a Service: A Pragmatic Operationalisation of AI Ethics.Jessica Morley, Anat Elhalal, Francesca Garcia, Libby Kinsey, Jakob Mökander & Luciano Floridi - manuscript
    As the range of potential uses for Artificial Intelligence (AI), in particular machine learning (ML), has increased, so has awareness of the associated ethical issues. This increased awareness has led to the realisation that existing legislation and regulation provides insufficient protection to individuals, groups, society, and the environment from AI harms. In response to this realisation, there has been a proliferation of principle-based ethics codes, guidelines and frameworks. However, it has become increasingly clear that a significant gap exists between the (...)
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  18.  2
    Is Susceptibility to Cross-Language Interference Domain Specific?Anat Prior, Tamar Degani, Sehrab Awawdy, Rana Yassin & Nachshon Korem - 2017 - Cognition 165:10-25.
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  19.  25
    Understanding Emotional and Cognitive Empathy: A Neuropsychological.Anat Perry & Simone Shamay-Tsoory - 2013 - In Simon Baron-Cohen, Michael Lombardo & Helen Tager-Flusberg (eds.), Understanding Other Minds: Perspectives From Developmental Social Neuroscience. Oxford University Press. pp. 178.
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  20.  8
    Individual Emotion in Work Organizations.Anat Rafaeli & Monica Worline - 2001 - Social Science Information 40 (1):95-123.
    We are predisposed to thinking of emotions as our own, perhaps the most intimate parts of ourselves. Yet, more often than not, our emotions are inextricably bound up with other people and social worlds, with one of the most powerful of those being the organizational work context. The central premise of this article is that much of our social and emotional life is organizational. We begin with a view to the past, describing how, because of a focus on control, both (...)
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  21.  11
    Number Word Structure in First and Second Language Influences Arithmetic Skills.Anat Prior, Michal Katz, Islam Mahajna & Orly Rubinsten - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  22.  99
    The Story of Analytic Philosophy: Plot and Heroes.Anat Biletzki & Anat Matar (eds.) - 1998 - Routledge.
    This unique collection looks at analytic philosophy in its historical context. Prominent philosophers discuss key figures, including Russell and Wittgenstein, methods and results in analytic philosophy to present its story. This volume assesses the challenge posed by changing cultural and philosophical trends and movements.
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  23.  8
    The Role of the Frontal Cortex in Memory: An Investigation of the Von Restorff Effect.Anat Elhalal, Eddy J. Davelaar & Marius Usher - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  24.  6
    How Long Is Too Long: An Individual Time-Window for Motor Planning.Anat Dahan, Rotem Bennet & Miriam Reiner - 2019 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 13.
  25.  33
    Olfactory Perception as a Compass for Olfactory Neural Maps.Anat Arzi & Noam Sobel - 2011 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 15 (11):537-545.
  26.  24
    Grand Challenges for Personality and Social Psychology: Moving Beyond the Replication Crisis.Anat Bardi & Marcel Zentner - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  27.  51
    Over Interpreting Wittgenstein.Anat Biletzki - 2003 - Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    (Over)Interpreting Wittgenstein will be read by philosophers investigating Wittgenstein and by scholars, interpreters, students, and specialists, in both analytic and continental philosophy. It will intrigue readers interested in issues of interpretation and cultural studies. This book tells the story - as yet untold - of Wittgenstein interpretation during the past eighty years. It provides different interpretations, chronologies, developments, and controversies. It aims to discover the (socio-cultural rather than psychological) motives and motivations behind the philosophical community's project of interpreting Wittgenstein. As (...)
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  28.  22
    Promoting Ethics Through Ethics Officers: A Proposed Profile and an Application.Dove Izraeli & Anat BarNir - 1998 - Journal of Business Ethics 17 (11):1189-1196.
    We present an ideal profile of an emerging organizational function: the Ethics Officer. We argue that the main contribution of an EO is to provide management with a broad perspective of the organization's stakeholders – one that emphasizes the interests of all stakeholders, including those not affiliated with the dominant coalitions in the organization. In order to avoid turning the EO into a rubber stamp for management activities, we suggest that certain conditions prevail to enable the person in this position (...)
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  29.  78
    II—M.G.F. Martin.M. G. F. Martin - 1997 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 71 (1):75-98.
  30.  18
    The Neurodynamics of Choice, Value-Based Decisions, and Preference Reversal.Marius Usher, Anat Elhalal & James L. McClelland - 2008 - In Nick Chater & Mike Oaksford (eds.), The Probabilistic Mind: Prospects for Bayesian Cognitive Science. Oxford University Press. pp. 277--300.
  31. String and M-Theory: Answering the Critics. [REVIEW]M. J. Duff - 2013 - Foundations of Physics 43 (1):182-200.
    Using as a springboard a three-way debate between theoretical physicist Lee Smolin, philosopher of science Nancy Cartwright and myself, I address in layman’s terms the issues of why we need a unified theory of the fundamental interactions and why, in my opinion, string and M-theory currently offer the best hope. The focus will be on responding more generally to the various criticisms. I also describe the diverse application of string/M-theory techniques to other branches of physics and mathematics which render the (...)
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  32.  12
    Anthropomorphism and Teleology in Reasoning About Biological Phenomena.Pinchas Tamir & Anat Zohar - 1991 - Science Education 75 (1):57-67.
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  33.  62
    From What to How: An Initial Review of Publicly Available AI Ethics Tools, Methods and Research to Translate Principles Into Practices.Jessica Morley, Luciano Floridi, Libby Kinsey & Anat Elhalal - 2020 - Science and Engineering Ethics 26 (4):2141-2168.
    The debate about the ethical implications of Artificial Intelligence dates from the 1960s :741–742, 1960; Wiener in Cybernetics: or control and communication in the animal and the machine, MIT Press, New York, 1961). However, in recent years symbolic AI has been complemented and sometimes replaced by Neural Networks and Machine Learning techniques. This has vastly increased its potential utility and impact on society, with the consequence that the ethical debate has gone mainstream. Such a debate has primarily focused on principles—the (...)
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  34. 4 Analytic Philosophy: Rationalism Vs. Romanticism.Anat Matar - 1998 - In Anat Biletzki & Anat Matar (eds.), The Story of Analytic Philosophy: Plot and Heroes. Routledge. pp. 71.
     
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  35.  38
    The Philosophy of Roderick M. Chisholm. [REVIEW]Timm Triplett, Lewis Edwin Hahn & Roderick M. Chisholm - 2000 - Philosophical Review 109 (3):450.
    In the intellectual autobiography that opens this book, Chisholm divides philosophers into “drones” and “commentators,” placing himself in the first group. As a drone, Chisholm proposed solutions to philosophical problems and asked his students and colleagues to try to refute him. He reports that they often did, sending him back to the drawing board. Chisholm’s wry self-description says much about his manner as well as his method. A more pretentious philosopher might have spoken of his dogged search for philosophical truth (...)
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  36.  56
    Subjective Rightness: Holly M. Smith.Holly M. Smith - 2010 - Social Philosophy and Policy 27 (2):64-110.
    Twentieth century philosophers introduced the distinction between “objective rightness” and “subjective rightness” to achieve two primary goals. The first goal is to reduce the paradoxical tension between our judgments of what is best for an agent to do in light of the actual circumstances in which she acts and what is wisest for her to do in light of her mistaken or uncertain beliefs about her circumstances. The second goal is to provide moral guidance to an agent who may be (...)
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  37.  46
    M. Poincaré's Science Et Hypothése.M. PoincarÉ - 1906 - Mind 15 (57):141-b-143.
  38. Setting Things Before the Mind: M.G.F. Martin.M. G. F. Martin - 1998 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 43:157-179.
    Listening to someone from some distance in a crowded room you may experience the following phenomenon: when looking at them speak, you may both hear and see where the source of the sounds is; but when your eyes are turned elsewhere, you may no longer be able to detect exactly where the voice must be coming from. With your eyes again fixed on the speaker, and the movement of her lips a clear sense of the source of the sound will (...)
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  39.  30
    M. Tulli Ciceronis Orationes Philippicae I, Ii. [REVIEW]M. Cary - 1927 - The Classical Review 41 (1):43-44.
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  40. M. DUMMETT "The Seas of Language". [REVIEW]M. J. Frapolli - 1994 - History and Philosophy of Logic 15 (2):245.
  41.  11
    Cognitive Masking: The Disruptive Effect of an Emotional Stimulus Upon the Perception of Contiguous Neutral Items.Matthew Hugh Erdelyi & Anat Gordon Appelbaum - 1973 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 1 (1):59-61.
  42.  35
    From Dummett's Philosophical Perspective.Anat Matar - 1997 - W. De Gruyter.
    Introduction: Dummett's Key Traits Following what has been suggested in the preface, in order to understand Dummett's perspective as fully as possible ...
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  43. I—R. M. Sainsbury and Michael Tye: An Originalist Theory of Concepts.R. M. Sainsbury & Michael Tye - 2011 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 85 (1):101-124.
    We argue that thoughts are structures of concepts, and that concepts should be individuated by their origins, rather than in terms of their semantic or epistemic properties. Many features of cognition turn on the vehicles of content, thoughts, rather than on the nature of the contents they express. Originalism makes concepts available to explain, with no threat of circularity, puzzling cases concerning thought. In this paper, we mention Hesperus/Phosphorus puzzles, the Evans-Perry example of the ship seen through different windows, and (...)
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  44.  2
    Privacy Perception of Adolescents in a Digital World.Anat Cohen & Tal Soffer - 2014 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 34 (5-6):145-158.
    Privacy is a sociocultural perception, depending on the dominant values of a society, sociocultural heritage, and contemporary technological developments. This article focuses on privacy perception among adolescents based on a European school survey, and presents comparative results of an exploratory study conducted among over 1,428 adolescents in six countries. The results reveal that adolescents attribute high value to privacy and are prepared to actively oppose if an online corporation is challenging their personal interests. However, they tend to trade off privacy (...)
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  45. The Moral Magic of Consent: Heidi M. Hurd.Heidi M. Hurd - 1996 - Legal Theory 2 (2):121-146.
    We regularly wield powers that, upon close scrutiny, appear remarkably magical. By sheer exercise of will, we bring into existence things that have never existed before. With but a nod, we effect the disappearance of things that have long served as barriers to the actions of others. And, by mere resolve, we generate things that pose significant obstacles to others' exercise of liberty. What is the nature of these things that we create and destroy by our mere decision to do (...)
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  46. H. M. Hyndman: A Rereading and a Reassessment.M. Bevir - 1991 - History of Political Thought 12 (1):125.
  47.  6
    Work and Workplace Attitudes on Social Workers: Do They Predict Organizational Reputation?Anat Freund - 2006 - Business and Society Review 111 (1):67-87.
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  48.  2
    Is There a Difference Between Moral Luck and "Plain Luck That Has Moral Implications"?Anat Gelber - 2008 - Theoretical Inquiries in Law 9 (1):50-55.
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  49.  6
    Anat Biletzki: Philosophy of Human Rights. A Systematic Introduction: New York/london: Routledge, 2020. Paperback (ISBN: 978-1-138-78735-3) € 145 / Hardback (ISBN: 978-1-138-78734-6) € 39. 260+xxiv pp.Matthias Katzer - 2020 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 23 (3):691-693.
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  50. Th.O.M.A.S.: An Exploratory Assessment of Theory of Mind in Schizophrenic Subjects.Francesca M. Bosco, Livia Colle, Silvia De Fazio, Adele Bono, Saverio Ruberti & Maurizio Tirassa - 2009 - Cogprints 18 (1):306-319.
    A large body of literature agrees that persons with schizophrenia suffer from a Theory of Mind deficit. However, most empirical studies have focused on third-person, egocentric ToM, underestimating other facets of this complex cognitive skill. Aim of this research is to examine the ToM of schizophrenic persons considering its various aspects, to determine whether some components are more impaired than others. We developed a Theory of Mind Assessment Scale and administered it to 22 persons with a DSM-IV diagnosis of schizophrenia (...)
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