Results for 'Lynne D. Richardson'

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  1.  34
    The role of community consultation in the ethical conduct of research without consent.Lynne D. Richardson, Rosamond Rhodes, Deborah Fish Ragin & Ilene Wilets - 2006 - American Journal of Bioethics 6 (3):33 – 35.
  2.  21
    Exception From Informed Consent: How IRB Reviewers Assess Community Consultation and Public Disclosure.Makini Chisolm-Straker, Denise Nassisi, Mohamud R. Daya, Jennifer N. B. Cook, Ilene F. Wilets, Cindy Clesca & Lynne D. Richardson - 2021 - AJOB Empirical Bioethics 12 (1):24-32.
    Exception from Informed Consent (EFIC) regulations detail specific circumstances in which Institutional Review Boards (IRB) can approve studies where obtaining informed consent is not possible prior to subject enrollment.To better understand how IRB members evaluate community consultation (CC) and public disclosure (PD) processes and results, semi-structured interviews of EFIC-experienced IRB members were conducted and analyzed using thematic analysis.Interviews with 11 IRB members revealed similar approaches to reviewing EFIC studies. Most use summaries of CC activities to determine community members’ attitudes; none (...)
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  3.  75
    A Meta-Analysis of Ethics Instruction Effectiveness in the Sciences.Lynn D. Devenport, Shane Connelly, Ryan P. Brown, Michael D. Mumford, Ethan P. Waples, Alison L. Antes & Stephen T. Murphy - 2009 - Ethics and Behavior 19 (5):379-402.
    Scholars have proposed a number of courses and programs intended to improve the ethical behavior of scientists in an attempt to maintain the integrity of the scientific enterprise. In the present study, we conducted a quantitative meta-analysis based on 26 previous ethics program evaluation efforts, and the results showed that the overall effectiveness of ethics instruction was modest. The effects of ethics instruction, however, were related to a number of instructional program factors, such as course content and delivery methods, in (...)
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  4.  63
    Berkeley on the Work of the Six Days.Lynn D. Cates - 1997 - Faith and Philosophy 14 (1):82-86.
    In the Three Dialogues, Hylas challenges Philonous to give a plausible account of the mosaic account of creation in subjective idealistic terms. Strangely, when faced with two alternative strategies, Berkeley chooses the less viable option and explicates the mosaic account of creation in terms of perceptibility. I shall show that Berkeley’s account of creation trivializes the affair, if it does not fail outright.
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  5.  16
    The effects of training and effortfulness on rats’ choice behavior in a modified T-maze.Lynn D. Larson & Robert D. Tarte - 1976 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 7 (6):506-508.
  6.  14
    Processing discontinuous words: On the interface between lexical and syntactic processing.Lynn Frazier, G. B. Flores D'Arcais & R. Coolen - 1993 - Cognition 47 (3):219-249.
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  7. Mes and ison of jap tish child.D. Lynn & T. Sh - forthcoming - Journal of Biosocial Science.
  8. In principle, in practice: Perspectives on a decade of museum learning research (1994–2004).Lynn D. Dierking, Kirsten M. Ellenbogen & John H. Falk - 2004 - Science Education 88 (S1):S1 - S3.
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  9.  20
    A Call for the Inclusion of Mixed Methods Research in the Undergraduate Psychology Curriculum.Lynne D. Roberts & Peter J. Allen - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  10. Exposure to Unethical Career Events: Effects on Decision Making, Climate, and Socialization.Lynn D. Devenport, Ryan P. Brown, Stephen T. Murphy, Alison L. Antes, Ethan P. Waples, Michael D. Mumford & Shane Connelly - 2009 - Ethics and Behavior 19 (5):351-378.
    An implicit goal of many interventions intended to enhance integrity is to minimize peoples' exposure to unethical events. The intent of the present effort was to examine if exposure to unethical practices in the course of one's work is related to ethical decision making. Accordingly, 248 doctoral students in the biological, health, and social sciences were asked to complete a field appropriate measure of ethical decision making. In addition, they were asked to complete measures examining the perceived acceptability of unethical (...)
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  11. Lull's Modal Voluntarism.Lynn D. Cates - 2000 - In I. Angelelli & P. Pérez-Ilzarbe (eds.), Medieval and Renaissance Logic in Spain. G. Olms. pp. 405--409.
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  12.  26
    The Road to Moderation: The Significance of Webster for Legislation Restricting Abortion.Lynn D. Wardle - 1989 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 17 (4):376-383.
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  13.  49
    Moral Credentialing and the Rationalization of Misconduct.Lynn D. Devenport, Shane Connelly, Michael D. Mumford, Collin D. Barnes, Xiaoqian Wang, Michael Tamborski & Ryan P. Brown - 2011 - Ethics and Behavior 21 (1):1-12.
    Recent studies lead to the paradoxical conclusion that the act of affirming one's egalitarian or prosocial values and virtues might subsequently facilitate prejudiced or self-serving behavior, an effect previously referred to as ?moral credentialing.? The present study extends this paradox to the domain of academic misconduct and investigates the hypothesis that such an effect might be limited by the extent to which misbehavior is rationalizable. Using a paradigm designed to investigate deliberative and rationalized forms of cheating (von Hippel, Lakin, & (...)
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  14.  17
    Dance We MustThe New Ballet, Kurt Jooss and His Work.Lynn D. Poole, Ted Shawn, A. V. Coton & Kurt Jooss - 1947 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 6 (2):191.
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  15.  11
    The measurement of psychological literacy: a first approximation.Lynne D. Roberts, Brody Heritage & Natalie Gasson - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6:126445.
    Psychological literacy, the ability to apply psychological knowledge to personal, family, occupational, community and societal challenges, is promoted as the primary outcome of an undergraduate education in psychology. As the concept of psychological literacy becomes increasingly adopted as the core business of undergraduate psychology training courses world-wide, there is urgent need for the construct to be accurately measured so that student and institutional level progress can be assessed and monitored. Key to the measurement of psychological literacy is determining the underlying (...)
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  16.  24
    The Road to Moderation: The Significance of Webster for Legislation Restricting Abortion.Lynn D. Wardle - 1989 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 17 (4):376-383.
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  17. Restructuring Democracy or Lawlessness-Critical Reflections on In Re Marriage Cases.Lynn D. Wardle - 2009 - Nexus - Chapman's Journal of Law & Policy 14:91.
     
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  18. Family behavior and learning in informal science settings: A review of the research. [REVIEW]Lynn D. Dierking & John H. Falk - 1994 - Science Education 78 (1):57-72.
     
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  19.  26
    A brief measure of attitudes toward mixed methods research in psychology.Lynne D. Roberts & Kate Povee - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  20.  19
    Isadora Duncan; Pavlova; NijinskySoviet BalletSouvenir de Ballet.Lynn D. Poole, Paul Magriel, Juri Slonimsky, Constantine Grandier & Lydia Landon Grandier - 1948 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 7 (2):166.
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  21.  24
    “Having to Shift Everything We’ve Learned to the Side”: Expanding Research Methods Taught in Psychology to Incorporate Qualitative Methods.Lynne D. Roberts & Emily Castell - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
  22.  9
    Recall of passages of synthetic speech.James J. Jenkins & Lynne D. Franklin - 1982 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 20 (4):203-206.
  23.  92
    Articles: Validation of ethical decision making measures: Evidence for a new set of measures.Michael D. Mumford, Lynn D. Devenport, Ryan P. Brown, Shane Connelly, Stephen T. Murphy, Jason H. Hill & Alison L. Antes - 2006 - Ethics and Behavior 16 (4):319 – 345.
    Ethical decision making measures are widely applied as the principal dependent variable used in studies of research integrity. However, evidence bearing on the internal and external validity of these measures is not available. In this study, ethical decision making measures were administered to 102 graduate students in the biological, health, and social sciences, along with measures examining exposure to ethical breaches and the severity of punishments recommended. The ethical decision making measure was found to be related to exposure to ethical (...)
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  24.  41
    Transactive memory systems scale for couples: development and validation.Lauren Y. Hewitt & Lynne D. Roberts - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  25.  41
    Grades, Student Satisfaction and Retention in Online and Face-to-Face Introductory Psychology Units: A Test of Equivalency Theory.David Garratt-Reed, Lynne D. Roberts & Brody Heritage - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  26.  25
    A Matter Of Conscience: Legal Protection For The Rights Of Conscience Of Healthcare Providers.Lynn D. Wardle - 1993 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 2 (4):529-542.
    A growing number of healthcare practices implicate serious moral concerns for growing numbers of healthcare providers. Social, legal, and medical developments, including abortion, contraception, euthanasia, withdrawal of feeding, blood transfusions, organ transplants, and routine autopsies, have put healthcare providers in the vortex of some of society's most controversial moral dilemmas.
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  27. Adverse cognitive effects of noise among introverts.L. Standing & D. Lynn - 1989 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 27 (6):502-502.
     
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  28.  38
    Introducing StatHand: A Cross-Platform Mobile Application to Support Students’ Statistical Decision Making.Peter J. Allen, Lynne D. Roberts, Frank D. Baughman, Natalie J. Loxton, Dirk Van Rooy, Adam J. Rock & James Finlay - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
  29.  38
    Psychological Literacy Weakly Differentiates Students by Discipline and Year of Enrolment.Brody Heritage, Lynne D. Roberts & Natalie Gasson - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  30.  25
    The denver community bioethics committee: Healthcare decisions in adult protection and long-term care settings. [REVIEW]Lynn D. Mason - 1995 - HEC Forum 7 (5):284-289.
  31.  62
    The Effects of Note-Taking and Review on Sensemaking and Ethical Decision Making.James F. Johnson, Zhanna Bagdasarov, Lauren N. Harkrider, Alexandra E. MacDougall, Shane Connelly, Lynn D. Devenport & Michael D. Mumford - 2013 - Ethics and Behavior 23 (4):299-323.
    The effectiveness of case-based learning in ethics education varies widely regarding how cases are presented. Case process instruction may impact case-based ethics education to promote sensemaking processes, ethical sensemaking strategy use, and ethical decision making (EDM) quality. This study examined two teaching techniques, notes and review, and participants completed note-taking and review activities examining a case-based scenario during an ethics education course. Results suggest that providing case notes in outline form improves sensemaking processes, strategy use, and EDM quality. In addition, (...)
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  32.  82
    Improving Case-Based Ethics Training with Codes of Conduct and Forecasting Content.Lauren N. Harkrider, Chase E. Thiel, Zhanna Bagdasarov, Michael D. Mumford, James F. Johnson, Shane Connelly & Lynn D. Devenport - 2012 - Ethics and Behavior 22 (4):258 - 280.
    Although case-based training is popular for ethics education, little is known about how specific case content influences training effectiveness. Therefore, the effects of (a) codes of ethical conduct and (b) forecasting content were investigated. Results revealed richer cases, including both codes and forecasting content, led to increased knowledge acquisition, greater sensemaking strategy use, and better decision ethicality. With richer cases, a specific pattern emerged. Specifically, content describing codes alone was more effective when combined with short-term forecasts, whereas content embedding codes (...)
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  33.  19
    Predicting self-reported research misconduct and questionable research practices in university students using an augmented Theory of Planned Behavior.Camilla J. Rajah-Kanagasabai & Lynne D. Roberts - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  34. Sober on Brandon on screening-off and the levels of selection.Robert N. Brandon, Janis Antonovics, Richard Burian, Scott Carson, Greg Cooper, Paul Sheldon Davies, Christopher Horvath, Brent D. Mishler, Robert C. Richardson, Kelly Smith & Peter Thrall - 1994 - Philosophy of Science 61 (3):475-486.
    Sober (1992) has recently evaluated Brandon's (1982, 1990; see also 1985, 1988) use of Salmon's (1971) concept of screening-off in the philosophy of biology. He critiques three particular issues, each of which will be considered in this discussion.
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  35. Sober on Brandon on screening-off and the levels of selection.Janis Antonovics, R. M. Burian, S. Carson, G. Coper, P. S. Davies, C. Hovarth, B. D. Mishler, R. C. Richardson, S. Smith & P. H. Thrall - 1994 - Philosophy of Science 61:4754486.
     
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  36.  59
    Applying Cases to Solve Ethical Problems: The Significance of Positive and Process-Oriented Reflection.Alison L. Antes, Chase E. Thiel, Laura E. Martin, Cheryl K. Stenmark, Shane Connelly, Lynn D. Devenport & Michael D. Mumford - 2012 - Ethics and Behavior 22 (2):113 - 130.
    This study examined the role of reflection on personal cases for making ethical decisions with regard to new ethical problems. Participants assumed the position of a business manager in a hypothetical organization and solved ethical problems that might be encountered. Prior to making a decision for the business problems, participants reflected on a relevant ethical experience. The findings revealed that application of material garnered from reflection on a personal experience was associated with decisions of higher ethicality. However, whether the case (...)
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  37.  70
    Effects of Alternative Outcome Scenarios and Structured Outcome Evaluation on Case-Based Ethics Instruction.Juandre Peacock, Lauren N. Harkrider, Zhanna Bagdasarov, Shane Connelly, James F. Johnson, Chase E. Thiel, Alexandra E. MacDougall, Michael D. Mumford & Lynn D. Devenport - 2013 - Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (3):1283-1303.
    Case-based instruction has been regarded by many as a viable alternative to traditional lecture-based education and training. However, little is known about how case-based training techniques impact training effectiveness. This study examined the effects of two such techniques: (a) presentation of alternative outcome scenarios to a case, and (b) conducting a structured outcome evaluation. Consistent with the hypotheses, results indicate that presentation of alternative outcome scenarios reduced knowledge acquisition, reduced sensemaking and ethical decision-making strategy use, and reduced decision ethicality. Conducting (...)
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  38.  91
    Case-Based Ethics Instruction: The Influence of Contextual and Individual Factors in Case Content on Ethical Decision-Making.Zhanna Bagdasarov, Chase E. Thiel, James F. Johnson, Shane Connelly, Lauren N. Harkrider, Lynn D. Devenport & Michael D. Mumford - 2013 - Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (3):1305-1322.
    Cases have been employed across multiple disciplines, including ethics education, as effective pedagogical tools. However, the benefit of case-based learning in the ethics domain varies across cases, suggesting that not all cases are equal in terms of pedagogical value. Indeed, case content appears to influence the extent to which cases promote learning and transfer. Consistent with this argument, the current study explored the influences of contextual and personal factors embedded in case content on ethical decision-making. Cases were manipulated to include (...)
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  39.  45
    The Influence of Compensatory Strategies on Ethical Decision Making.Jensen T. Mecca, Kelsey E. Medeiros, Vincent Giorgini, Carter Gibson, Michael D. Mumford, Shane Connelly & Lynn D. Devenport - 2014 - Ethics and Behavior 24 (1):73-89.
    Ethical decision making is of concern to researchers across all fields. However, researchers typically focus on the biases that may act to undermine ethical decision making. Taking a new approach, this study focused on identifying the most common compensatory strategies that counteract those biases. These strategies were identified using a series of interviews with university researchers in a variety of areas, including biological, physical, social, and health as well as scholarship and the performing arts. Interview transcripts were assessed with two (...)
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  40. A sensemaking approach to ethics training for scientists: Preliminary evidence of training effectiveness.Michael D. Mumford, Shane Connelly, Ryan P. Brown, Stephen T. Murphy, Jason H. Hill, Alison L. Antes, Ethan P. Waples & Lynn D. Devenport - 2008 - Ethics and Behavior 18 (4):315 – 339.
    In recent years, we have seen a new concern with ethics training for research and development professionals. Although ethics training has become more common, the effectiveness of the training being provided is open to question. In the present effort, a new ethics training course was developed that stresses the importance of the strategies people apply to make sense of ethical problems. The effectiveness of this training was assessed in a sample of 59 doctoral students working in the biological and social (...)
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  41.  52
    Examining the Effects of Incremental Case Presentation and Forecasting Outcomes on Case-Based Ethics Instruction.Alexandra E. MacDougall, Lauren N. Harkrider, Zhanna Bagdasarov, James F. Johnson, Chase E. Thiel, Juandre Peacock, Michael D. Mumford, Lynn D. Devenport & Shane Connelly - 2014 - Ethics and Behavior 24 (2):126-150.
    Case-based reasoning has long been used to facilitate instructional effectiveness. Although much remains to be known concerning the most beneficial way to present case material, recent literature suggests that simplifying case material is favorable. Accordingly, the current study manipulated two instructional techniques, incremental case presentation and forecasting outcomes, in a training environment in an attempt to better understand the utility of simplified versus complicated case presentation for learning. Findings suggest that pairing these two cognitively demanding techniques reduces satisfaction and detracts (...)
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  42. The Jurisprudence of Marriage and Other Intimate Relationships.E. Christian Brugger, Scott FitzGibbon, Lynn D. Wardle, A. Scott Loveless & William S. Hein - 2010 - Am. J. Juris 55:225 - 225.
  43. Case-Based Knowledge and Ethics Education: Improving Learning and Transfer Through Emotionally Rich Cases.Chase E. Thiel, Shane Connelly, Lauren Harkrider, Lynn D. Devenport, Zhanna Bagdasarov, James F. Johnson & Michael D. Mumford - 2013 - Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (1):265-286.
    Case-based instruction is a stable feature of ethics education, however, little is known about the attributes of the cases that make them effective. Emotions are an inherent part of ethical decision-making and one source of information actively stored in case-based knowledge, making them an attribute of cases that likely facilitates case-based learning. Emotions also make cases more realistic, an essential component for effective case-based instruction. The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of emotional case content, and complementary (...)
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  44.  25
    A Qualitative Analysis of Power Differentials in Ethical Situations in Academia.Carter Gibson, Kelsey E. Medeiros, Vincent Giorgini, Jensen T. Mecca, Lynn D. Devenport, Shane Connelly & Michael D. Mumford - 2014 - Ethics and Behavior 24 (4):311-325.
    Power and organizational hierarchies are ubiquitous to social institutions that form the foundation of modern society. Power differentials may act to constrain or enhance people’s ability to make good ethical decisions. However, little scholarly work has examined perceptions of this important topic. The present effort seeks to address this issue by interviewing academics about hypothetical ethical problems that involve power differences among those involved. Academics discussed what they would do in these scenarios, often drawing on their own experiences. Using a (...)
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  45.  46
    Structuring Case-Based Ethics Training: How Comparing Cases and Structured Prompts Influence Training Effectiveness.Lauren Harkrider, Alexandra E. MacDougall, Zhanna Bagdasarov, James F. Johnson, Chase E. Thiel, Michael D. Mumford, Shane Connelly & Lynn D. Devenport - forthcoming - Ethics and Behavior:150527093230007.
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  46.  1
    Subjective Effects of Alcohol I.Kristina M. Jackson, Kenneth J. Sher, Mark D. Wood & Alison E. Richardson - 2005 - In Mitch Earleywine (ed.), Mind-Altering Drugs. Oxford University Press.
    This chapter begins with a brief overview of the categories of subjective effects of alcohol, then considers the role of subjective effects from the context of prominent contemporary theories of alcohol use and misuse. Building on this conceptual foundation, it discusses important features of beverage and dose and characteristics of the setting that affect the subjective experience of drinking. It then considers what is known based on the various methodological approaches used to investigate subjective effects — including survey research on (...)
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  47.  91
    Difficult Decisions: A Qualitative Exploration of the Statistical Decision Making Process from the Perspectives of Psychology Students and Academics.Peter J. Allen, Kate P. Dorozenko & Lynne D. Roberts - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  48. Environmental influences on ethical decision making: Climate and environmental predictors of research integrity.Michael D. Mumford, Stephen T. Murphy, Shane Connelly, Jason H. Hill, Alison L. Antes, Ryan P. Brown & Lynn D. Devenport - 2007 - Ethics and Behavior 17 (4):337 – 366.
    It is commonly held that early career experiences influence ethical behavior. One way early career experiences might operate is to influence the decisions people make when presented with problems that raise ethical concerns. To test this proposition, 102 first-year doctoral students were asked to complete a series of measures examining ethical decision making along with a series of measures examining environmental experiences and climate perceptions. Factoring of the environmental measure yielded five dimensions: professional leadership, poor coping, lack of rewards, limited (...)
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  49.  34
    Job Embeddedness Demonstrates Incremental Validity When Predicting Turnover Intentions for Australian University Employees.Brody Heritage, Jessica M. Gilbert & Lynne D. Roberts - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  50.  60
    Retracted article: Improving case-based ethics training: How modeling behaviors and forecasting influence effectiveness.Lauren N. Harkrider, Alexandra E. MacDougall, Zhanna Bagdasarov, James F. Johnson, Michael D. Mumford, Shane Connelly & Lynn D. Devenport - 2014 - Science and Engineering Ethics 20 (1):299-299.
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