Results for 'Lydia Farina'

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Lydia Farina
Nottingham University
  1. Artificial Intelligence Systems, Responsibility and Agential Self-Awareness.Lydia Farina - 2022 - In Vincent C. Müller (ed.), Philosophy and Theory of Artificial Intelligence 2021. Berlin, Germany: pp. 15-25.
    This paper investigates the claim that artificial Intelligence Systems cannot be held morally responsible because they do not have an ability for agential self-awareness e.g. they cannot be aware that they are the agents of an action. The main suggestion is that if agential self-awareness and related first person representations presuppose an awareness of a self, the possibility of responsible artificial intelligence systems cannot be evaluated independently of research conducted on the nature of the self. Focusing on a specific account (...)
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  2.  19
    Sven Nyholm, Humans and Robots; Ethics, Agency and Anthropomorphism.Lydia Farina - 2022 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 19 (2):221-224.
    How should human beings and robots interact with one another? Nyholm’s answer to this question is given below in the form of a conditional: If a robot looks or behaves like an animal or a human being then we should treat them with a degree of moral consideration (p. 201). Although this is not a novel claim in the literature on ai ethics, what is new is the reason Nyholm gives to support this claim; we should treat robots that look (...)
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  3.  10
    Lydia Maria Child on German philosophy and American slavery.Lydia Moland - 2021 - Tandf: British Journal for the History of Philosophy 29 (2):259-274.
    .As editor of the National Anti-Slavery Standard in the early 1840s, Lydia Maria Child was responsible for keeping the abolitionist movement in the United States informed of relevant news. She also used her editorial position to philosophize. Her column entitled “Letters from New York” is particularly philosophical, including considerations of infinity, free will, time, nature, art, and history. She especially turned to German philosophers and intellectuals such as Kant, Schiller, Bettina von Arnim, Karoline von Günderrode, Jean Paul, Herder, and (...)
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  4.  15
    Lydia Maria Child on German philosophy and American slavery.Lydia Moland - 2020 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 29 (2):259-274.
    As editor of the National Anti-Slavery Standard in the early 1840s, Lydia Maria Child was responsible for keeping the abolitionist movement in the United States informed of relevant news. She also...
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  5. L. Farinas and E. ORLOWSKA, Preface 115 P. WOLPER, The tableau method for temporal logic: an over-view 119 M. MICHEL, Computation of temporal operators 137. [REVIEW]L. Farinas del Cerro - forthcoming - Logique Et Analyse.
     
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  6.  1
    Lydia Amir: Laughing All the Way: Your Sense of Humor—Don’t Leave Home without It, John Morreall, Cartoons and Foreword, Robert Mankoff. Motivational Press, 2016. pp. 288. [REVIEW]Lydia Amir - 2020 - The Philosophy of Humor Yearbook 1 (1):273-275.
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  7. Lydia Amir.Lydia B. Amir - 2013 - In Bresson Ladegaard Knox, Berg Olsen Friis & J. Kyrre (eds.), Philosophical Practice: 5 Questions. Automatic Press. pp. 1-14.
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  8.  17
    Xanthus of Lydia and the invention of female eunuchs.Lydia Matthews - 2015 - Classical Quarterly 65 (2):489-499.
    Two fragments of the Lydiaca attributed to Xanthus of Lydia preserve a curious claim that a king of Lydia was the first person to make eunuchs of women. In an attempt to make sense of these passages, it has been suggested that εὐνουχίζειν here refers not to castration, but rather to female genital cutting. If correct, this would provide our first evidence of this practice in Lydian culture or indeed anywhere in Anatolia. However, the assumption that what Xanthus (...)
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  9.  19
    Incorporation, Transparency and Cognitive Extension: Why the Distinction Between Embedded and Extended Might Be More Important to Ethics Than to Metaphysics.Mirko Farina & Andrea Lavazza - 2022 - Philosophy and Technology 35 (1):1-21.
    We begin by introducing our readers to the Extended Mind Thesis and briefly discuss a series of arguments in its favour. We continue by showing of such a theory can be resisted and go on to demonstrate that a more conservative account of cognition can be developed. We acknowledge a stalemate between these two different accounts of cognition and notice a couple of issues that we argue have prevented further progress in the field. To overcome the stalemate, we propose to (...)
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  10.  18
    Observation of Communication by Physical Education Teachers: Detecting Patterns in Verbal Behavior.Abraham García-Fariña, F. Jiménez-Jiménez & M. Teresa Anguera - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  11. Galileo, la Luna E le Sue rughe: Retorica E tempo Dei Massimi sistemi.Caterina Mongiat Farina - 2007 - Rinascimento 47:389-410.
    L’autore si propone di investigare i rapporti tra retorica e tempo nel “Dialogo sui due massimi sistemi del mondo” di Galileo Galilei, giustificando l’analisi retorico-stilistica della prosa scientifica sintesi di ragione e immaginazione, stabilendo un parallelo tra l’abbattimento della discontinuità tra Cielo e Terra e alcune innovazioni retoriche della prosa galileiana che precede il Dialogo e prendendo in considerazione passi del “Dialogo” in cui Galileo manipola i concetti di ‘tempus’ e ‘aeternitas’ tramite metafore, similitudini e altre figure, che sono strumento (...)
     
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  12.  21
    R. Farina, L’Impero e l’Imperatore cristiano in Eusebio di Cesarea. La prima teologia politica del cristianesimo.F. Winkelmann - 1969 - Byzantinische Zeitschrift 62 (1).
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  13.  26
    Francesco farina, Frank Hahn and Stefano vanucci: Ethics, rationality and economic behaviour. [REVIEW]Oscar L. González-Castán - 2000 - Journal of Value Inquiry 34 (4):571-573.
  14.  17
    Categorizing Phenotypic Plasticity: An Analysis of Its Role in Human Cognitive Evolution.Mirko Farina - 2022 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 53 (2):103-121.
    I identify six types of phenotypic plasticity and categorize them with respect to their cognitive status. I look at differences and relations between some of these types of plasticity and then analyze how phenotypic outcomes are transmitted across generations. I engage with the relevant literature on developmental scaffolding and entrenchment in cultural evolution. I argue that that the typology I present here can be beneficial for such a debate and therefore instructive to better comprehend the evolution and development of human (...)
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  15. El método histórico crítico en “Jesús de Nazareth” de Joseph Ratzinger.Felipe Pardo Fariña - 2008 - Veritas: Revista de Filosofía y Teología 18:129-146.
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  16. Acuna-Farina, C., 217 Betancort, M., 217 Bharucha, JJ, 131 Bigand, E., 100.R. Breheny, M. Carreiras, J. Cole-Virtue, M. Coltheart, M. Curtis, J. M. Darley, M. A. Defeyter, J. M. Doris, A. Fernald & W. T. Fitch - 2006 - Cognition 100:543.
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  17.  14
    Epistemic Responsibility, Rights and Duties During the COVID-19 Pandemic.Artur Karimov, Andrea Lavazza & Mirko Farina - 2022 - Social Epistemology 36 (6):686-702.
    We start by introducing the idea of echo chambers. Echo chambers are social and epistemic structures in which opinions, leanings, or beliefs about certain topics are amplified and reinforced due to repeated interactions within a closed system; that is, within a system that has a rather homogeneous sample of sources or people, which all share the same attitudes towards the topics in question. Echo chambers are a particularly dangerous phenomena because they prevent the critical assessment of sources and contents, thus (...)
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  18.  2
    Moradas, viajes, lecciones: cronotopo e intensidad en el "novísimo" cine chileno.Ignacio Nicolás Albornoz Fariña - 2020 - Aisthesis Revista Chilena de Investigaciones Estéticas 68:209-232.
    Este artículo expone algunas actualizaciones del cronotopo bajtiniano del camino en tres filmes del “novísimo cine chileno”. En primer lugar, se estudiarán las modalidades viajeras que las tres obras proponen, gracias a nociones de la filosofía y la teoría del turismo.2 Se identificará, luego, una serie de submotivos cronotópicos, verdaderos momentos afectivos, que desembocarán en nuestra hipótesis de trabajo; a saber, que las protagonistas de cada filme recorren un “espacio liso”, genérico, hecho de intensidades, un “medio” donde lo que prima (...)
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  19.  6
    A constructional network in appositive space.Juan Carlos Acuña Fariña - 2006 - Cognitive Linguistics 17 (1):1-37.
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  20.  4
    Showing and hiding: The flickering visibility of earth workers in the archives of earth science.Lydia Barnett - 2020 - History of Science 58 (3):245-274.
    This essay interrogates the motives of eighteenth-century European naturalists to alternately show and hide their laboring-class fossil suppliers. Focusing on rare moments of heightened visibility, I ask why gentlemen naturalists occasionally, deliberately, and even performatively made visible the marginalized science workers on whom they crucially depended but more typically ignored or effaced. Comparing archival fragments from elite works of natural history across a considerable stretch of time and space, including Italy, France, Switzerland, Britain, Ireland, Germany, Spain, and French, Spanish, and (...)
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  21.  16
    COVID-19 and Biomedical Experts: When Epistemic Authority is (Probably) Not Enough.Pietro Pietrini, Andrea Lavazza & Mirko Farina - 2022 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 19 (1):135-142.
    This critical essay evaluates the potential integration of distinct kinds of expertise in policymaking, especially during situations of critical emergencies, such as the COVID-19 pandemic. This article relies on two case studies: herd immunity and restricted access to ventilators for disabled people. These case studies are discussed as examples of experts’ recommendations that have not been widely accepted, though they were made within the boundaries of expert epistemic authority. While the fundamental contribution of biomedical experts in devising public health policies (...)
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  22.  11
    F. Farina, Forze armate: femminile plurale.L. Sebesta - 2006 - Polis 20 (1):122-123.
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  23. Parental Reflective Functioning and Its Association With Parenting Behaviors in Infancy and Early Childhood: A Systematic Review.Lydia Yao Stuhrmann, Ariane Göbel, Carola Bindt & Susanne Mudra - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    BackgroundParental reflective functioning refers to parents’ mental capacity to understand their own and their children’s behaviors in terms of envisioned mental states. As part of a broader concept of parental mentalization, PRF has been identified as one of the central predictors for sensitive parenting. However, the unique contribution of PRF to the quality of various parenting behaviors has not yet been addressed systematically. Thus, the present article provides a systematic overview of current research on the associations between PRF or its (...)
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  24.  42
    La temática de los universales y su presencia en la cristología de algunos autores.Felipe Pardo Fariña - 2013 - Veritas: Revista de Filosofía y Teología 29:141-166.
    El autor comienza por delimitar el significado de los conceptos universal y singular, y continúa con una reseña histórica acerca de su utilización en el pensamiento de algunos filósofos, para finalmente establecer la comprensión de la relación entre el universal y lo singular referida a Jesucristo en la trama de algunas Cristologías. The author begins by defining the concepts of singular and universal, continuing with a historical review regarding their use in the thought of some philosophers, in order to finally (...)
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  25.  18
    The Acoustic Habitat Hypothesis: An Ecoacoustics Perspective on Species Habitat Selection.Timothy C. Mullet, Almo Farina & Stuart H. Gage - 2017 - Biosemiotics 10 (3):319-336.
    Sound is an inherent component of the environment that provides conditions and information necessary for many animal activities. Soniferous species require specific acoustic and physical conditions suitable for their signals to be transmitted, received, and effectively interpreted to successfully identify and utilize resources in their environment and interact with conspecifics and other heterospecific organisms. We propose the Acoustic Habitat Hypothesis to explain how the acoustic environment influences habitat selection of sound-dependent species. We postulate that sound-dependent species select and occupy habitats (...)
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  26.  41
    Lydia Maria Child: Abolitionism and the New England Spirit.Jane Duran - 2015 - The Pluralist 10 (3):261-273.
    lydia maria child was one of the best-known women intellectuals of the nineteenth century on the American scene, and yet her name is not often heard today.1 Although it might seem gratuitous to attempt to label a thinker—and, in some cases, not only unnecessary, but demeaning—there is ample reason to think that Child can be called a transcendentalist, as well as an early abolitionist and feminist. In any case, the independent and very forward-looking work of this woman thinker of (...)
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  27.  32
    Observaciones acerca del Primado en la Iglesia a partir de la Carta de Clemente I y otros escritos de la primera centuria cristiana.Felipe Pardo Fariña - 2010 - Veritas: Revista de Filosofía y Teología 23:133-152.
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  28. Innovación docente en Historia Económica.María Vázquez-Fariñas & Mariano Castro-Valdivia - 2022 - Human Review. International Humanities Review / Revista Internacional de Humanidades 11 (Monográfico):1-13.
    Las características de la enseñanza universitaria actual hacen necesaria una constante búsqueda de innovaciones que permitan introducir mejoras en la misma. Este artículo pretende dar a conocer las principales metodologías y herramientas empleadas durante el curso 2021-2022 para mejorar el proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje en la asignatura de Historia Económica, del Grado en Administración y Dirección de Empresas, en la Universidad de Jaén. Se ha constatado que el empleo de nuevas metodologías alternativas a las tradicionales ha contribuido a mejorar significativamente la (...)
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  29.  56
    Ecoacoustics: the Ecological Investigation and Interpretation of Environmental Sound.Jérôme Sueur & Almo Farina - 2015 - Biosemiotics 8 (3):493-502.
    The sounds produced by animals have been a topic of research into animal behaviour for a very long time. If acoustic signals are undoubtedly a vehicle for exchanging information between individuals, environmental sounds embed as well a significant level of data related to the ecology of populations, communities and landscapes. The consideration of environmental sounds for ecological investigations opens up a field of research that we define with the term ecoacoustics. In this paper, we draw the contours of ecoacoustics by (...)
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  30.  22
    Lydia Marinelli;, Andreas Mayer. Träume nach Freud: Die “Traumdeutung” und die Geschichte der psychoanalytischen Bewegung. 216 pp., apps. Vienna: Turia & Kant, 2002. €22, $22.09. [REVIEW]Andreas Killen - 2003 - Isis 94 (4):752-753.
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  31.  32
    The concept of race in soviet anthropology.Lydia T. Black - 1977 - Studies in East European Thought 17 (1):1-27.
  32.  18
    The theme of the universal and its presence in the Christology of some authors.Felipe Pardo Fariña - 2013 - Veritas: Revista de Filosofía y Teología 29:141-166.
    El autor comienza por delimitar el significado de los conceptos universal y singular, y continúa con una reseña histórica acerca de su utilización en el pensamiento de algunos filósofos, para finalmente establecer la comprensión de la relación entre el universal y lo singular referida a Jesucristo en la trama de algunas Cristologías. The author begins by defining the concepts of singular and universal, continuing with a historical review regarding their use in the thought of some philosophers, in order to finally (...)
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  33.  12
    The concept of race in Soviet anthropology.Lydia T. Black - 1977 - Studies in Soviet Thought 17 (1):1-27.
  34.  17
    The enemies within: Gog of Magog in Ezekiel 38–39.Lydia Lee - 2017 - HTS Theological Studies 73 (3):1-7.
    The most extensive descriptions of Gog and Magog in the Hebrew Bible appear in Ezekiel 38–39. At various stages of their political career, both Reagan and Bush have linked Gog and Magog to the bêtes noires of the USA, identifying them either as the ‘communistic and atheistic’ Russia or the ‘evil’ Iraq. Biblical scholars, however, seek to contextualise Gog of Magog in the historical literary setting of the ancient Israelites. Galambush identifies Gog in Ezekiel as a cipher for Nebuchadnezzar, the (...)
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  35.  6
    Observaciones acerca del Primado en la Iglesia a partir de la Carta de Clemente I y otros escritos de la primera centuria cristiana.Felipe Pardo Fariña - 2010 - Veritas: Revista de Filosofía y Teología 23.
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  36.  1
    Be Global, Think and Act Local.Lydia Stone - 2020 - Philosophy of Education:110-114.
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  37. Embraining Culture: Leaky Minds and Spongy Brains.Julian Kiverstein & Mirko Farina - 2011 - Teorema: International Journal of Philosophy (2).
    We offer an argument for the extended mind based on considerations from brain development. We argue that our brains develop to function in partnership with cognitive resources located in our external environments. Through our cultural upbringing we are trained to use artefacts in problem solving that become factored into the cognitive routines our brains support. Our brains literally grow to work in close partnership with resources we regularly and reliably interact with. We take this argument to be in line with (...)
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  38. Do Sensory Substitution Extend the Conscious Mind?Julian Kiverstein & Mirko Farina - forthcoming - In Fabio Paglieri (ed.), Consciousness in interaction: the role of the natural and social context in shaping consciousness". Amsterdam: John Benjamins. John Benjamins.
    Is the brain the biological substrate of consciousness? Most naturalistic philosophers of mind have supposed that the answer must obviously be «yes » to this question. However, a growing number of philosophers working in 4e (embodied, embedded, extended, enactive) cognitive science have begun to challenge this assumption, arguing instead that consciousness supervenes on the whole embodied animal in dynamic interaction with the environment. We call views that share this claim dynamic sensorimotor theories of consciousness (DSM). Clark (2009) a founder and (...)
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  39.  2
    La temática de los universales y su presencia en la cristología de algunos autores.Felipe Pardo Fariña - 2013 - Veritas: Revista de Filosofía y Teología 29:141-166.
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  40.  17
    Wittgenstein in the Machine.Lydia H. Liu - 2021 - Critical Inquiry 47 (3):425-455.
    This article brings to light how AI research has benefited from post-Wittgensteinian philosophy. My research shows that Wittgenstein’s work began to engage the attention of AI researchers not only in the 1970s down to the present but right from the early beginnings of computational research in the 1950s. More specifically, his later philosophy inspired a group of researchers called the Cambridge Language Research Unit (CLRU) to start one of the first programs in machine translation, information retrieval, mechanical abstracting, and knowledge (...)
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  41.  25
    Hiding hunger: food insecurity in middle America.Lydia Zepeda - 2018 - Agriculture and Human Values 35 (1):243-254.
    This is a community based research project using a case study of 20 people living in middle America who are food insecure, but do not use food pantries. The participants’ rate of actual hunger is twice that of food insecure community members who use food pantries. Since most of the participants are not poor, the Asset Vulnerability Framework is used to classify causes of food insecurity. The purpose of the study is to identify why participants are food insecure and why (...)
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  42.  18
    Euthanasia: Promoter of Autonomy or Supporter of Biopower?Lydia Tsiakiri - 2022 - Conatus 7 (1):123-133.
    The medical developments and their subsequent influence on the duration of human life have brought in the limelight various moral questions. The pathological conditions do not constitute anymore the decisive causes of death, whereas an ascending number of people suffer more by being maintained in life. In this reality, the euthanasia debate seems more apropos than ever. The following article examines the aforementioned issue through the supportive argument of autonomy in contrast to a Foucauldian approach. In essence, based on the (...)
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  43. Lydia: Open-hearted to mission.Rosemary Canavan - 2019 - The Australasian Catholic Record 96 (4):421.
    Even today entering Neapolis, modern day Kavala, in Greece it is possible to imagine Paul stepping off a ship onto the landing. This is the craft of the author of Luke's Gospel and the Acts of the Apostle to engage the hearer in the narrative he constructs: in Acts, the birth and mission of the church is a story in which the audience have a role. According to Acts, Paul followed a vision, a call from a certain Macedonian to 'Come (...)
     
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  44. Substituting the senses.Julian Kiverstein, Mirko Farina & Andy Clark - 2015 - In Mohan Matthen (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of the Philosophy of Perception. Oxford University Press UK.
    Sensory substitution devices are a type of sensory prosthesis that (typically) convert visual stimuli transduced by a camera into tactile or auditory stimulation. They are designed to be used by people with impaired vision so that they can recover some of the functions normally subserved by vision. In this chapter we will consider what philosophers might learn about the nature of the senses from the neuroscience of sensory substitution. We will show how sensory substitution devices work by exploiting the cross-modal (...)
     
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  45.  23
    The Cybernetic Unconscious: Rethinking Lacan, Poe, and French Theory.Lydia H. Liu - 2010 - Critical Inquiry 36 (2):288-320.
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  46.  17
    CSA membership and psychological needs fulfillment: an application of self-determination theory. [REVIEW]Lydia Zepeda, Anna Reznickova & Willow Saranna Russell - 2013 - Agriculture and Human Values 30 (4):605-614.
    This qualitative study examines the relevance of self-determination theory to explain retention and attrition in community supported agriculture (CSA). Using a focus group study of CSA members, we examined whether belonging to a CSA supports basic psychological needs for autonomy, competency and relatedness. We found that it did for continuing members. However, for those who did not renew, membership reduced their sense of autonomy, competency, and relatedness. For continuing members, the intensity of their involvement did not affect their needs satisfaction, (...)
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  47.  25
    The Spartans - Kennell Spartans. A New History. Pp. viii + 218, ills, maps. Malden, Ma and Oxford: Wiley–Blackwell, 2010. Paper, £19.99, €24. ISBN: 978-1-4051-3000-4. [REVIEW]Lydia Langerwerf - 2011 - The Classical Review 61 (2):513-515.
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  48. The Role of Complex Trauma and Attachment Patterns in Intimate Partner Violence.Anna Maria Speranza, Benedetto Farina, Caterina Bossa, Alexandro Fortunato, Carola Maggiora Vergano, Luigia Palmiero, Maria Quintigliano & Marianna Liotti - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    ObjectiveEven if the relationship between adverse childhood experiences and intimate partner violence has already been established, there are no sufficient studies examining the relationships between these factors and attachment representations, specifically attachment disorganization. Thus, this study aimed to explore, in a sample of women who experienced IPV the presence of interpersonal adversities during childhood, and attachment representations, with a particular focus on disorganization.MethodsWomen’s representations of attachment experiences were investigated through the Adult Attachment Interview, while the presence of various forms of (...)
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  49.  11
    The Virtues Needed by Experts in Action.Andrea Lavazza & Mirko Farina - 2021 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 58 (4):142-157.
    The current Covid-19 pandemic is illustrative of both the need of more experts and of the difficulties that can arise in the face of their decisions. This happens, we argue, because experts usually interact with society through a strongly naturalistic framework, which often places experts’ epistemic authority at the centre, sometimes at the expenses of other pluralistic values that people cherish. In this paper, we argue that we need to supplement such a strong naturalistic framework used to promote epistemic authority (...)
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  50.  31
    The Acoustic Codes: How Animal Sign Processes Create Sound-Topes and Consortia via Conflict Avoidance. [REVIEW]Rachele Malavasi, Kalevi Kull & Almo Farina - 2014 - Biosemiotics 7 (1):89-95.
    In this essay we argue for the possibility to describe the co-presence of species in a community as a consortium built by acoustic codes, using mainly the examples of bird choruses. In this particular case, the consortium is maintained via the sound-tope that different bird species create by singing in a chorus. More generally, the formation of acoustic codes as well as cohesive communicative systems (the consortia) can be seen as a result of plastic adaptational behaviour of the specimen who (...)
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