Results for 'Lucas Alexander Haley Commons-Miller'

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  1.  81
    Genetic Engineering and the Speciation of Superions From Humans.Lucas Alexander Haley Commons-Miller, Michael Lamport Commons & Geoffrey David Commons - 2008 - World Futures 64 (5-7):436 – 443.
    Using ideas from evolution and postformal stages of hierarchical complexity, a hypothetical scenario, premised on genetic engineering advances, portrays the development of a new humanoid species, Superions. How would Superions impact and treat current humans? If the Superion scenario came to pass, it would be the ultimate genocidal terrorism of eliminating an entire species, Homo Sapiens. We speculate about defenses Homo Sapiens might mount. The tasks to relate two species (systems) constitutes a postformal, Metasystematic task. Developing a system of discourse (...)
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  2.  93
    Genetic Engineering and the Speciation of Superions From Humans.Lucas Alexander Haley Commons-Miller, Michael Lamport Commons & Geoffrey David Commons - 2008 - World Futures 64 (5):436-443.
    (2008). Genetic Engineering and the Speciation of Superions from Humans. World Futures: Vol. 64, Postformal Thought and Hierarchical Complexity, pp. 436-443.
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  3.  42
    Moral Supervenience: A Defence of Blackburn's Argument.Alexander Miller - 2017 - Dialectica 71 (4):581-601.
    In the 1970s and 1980s, Simon Blackburn published a number of much-discussed works in which he argued that the supervenience of the moral on the natural generates a serious problem for moral realism, a problem which his own brand of moral projectivism can avoid. As we will see below, Blackburn construed moral supervenience in terms of what is known as weak supervenience. Partly in response to Blackburn, a number of philosophers have argued that weak supervenience is too weak to capture (...)
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  4.  2
    The Role of Social Isolation and the Development of Depression: A Comparison of the Widowed and Married Oldest Old in Germany.Franziska Förster, Melanie Luppa, Alexander Pabst, Kathrin Heser, Luca Kleineidam, Angela Fuchs, Michael Pentzek, Hanna Kaduszkiewicz, Carolin van der Leeden, André Hajek, Hans-Helmut König, Anke Oey, Birgitt Wiese, Edelgard Mösch, Dagmar Weeg, Siegfried Weyerer, Jochen Werle, Wolfgang Maier, Martin Scherer, Michael Wagner & Steffi G. Riedel-Heller - 2021 - International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18.
    Widowhood is common in old age, can be accompanied by serious health consequences and is often linked to substantial changes in social network. Little is known about the impact of social isolation on the development of depressive symptoms over time taking widowhood into account. We provide results from the follow-up 5 to follow-up 9 from the longitudinal study AgeCoDe and its follow-up study AgeQualiDe. Depression was measured with GDS-15 and social isolation was assessed using the Lubben Social Network Scale. The (...)
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  5.  26
    Samuel Stanhope Smith and Common Sense Philosophy at Princeton.Charles Bradford Bow - 2010 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 8 (2):189-209.
    In this article, I discuss how Samuel Stanhope Smith advanced Reidian themes in his moral philosophy and examine their reception by Presbyterian revivalists Ashbel Green, Samuel Miller, and Archibald Alexander. Smith, seventh president and moral philosophy professor of the College of New Jersey (1779–1812), has received marginal scholarly attention regarding his moral philosophy and rational theology, in comparison to his predecessor John Witherspoon. As an early American philosopher who drew on the ideals of the Scottish Enlightenment including Common (...)
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  6.  6
    Recognizing the Role of the Clinician in Agency-Influencing Interventions.Haley K. Sullivan, D. Gibbes Miller & Caroline J. Huang - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 8 (2):71-73.
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  7. LANGUAGE* Alexander Miller.Alexander Miller - 2003 - In John Shand (ed.), Fundamentals of Philosophy. Routledge. pp. 262.
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  8.  32
    Alexander Abian. On the Solvability of Infinite Systems of Boolean Polynomial Equations. Colloquium Mathematicum, Vol. 21 , Pp. 27–30. - Alexander Abian. Generalized Completeness Theorem and Solvability of Systems of Boolean Polynomial Equations. Zeitschrift Für Mathematische Logik Und Grundlagen der Mathematik, Vol. 16 , Pp. 263–264. - Paul D. Bacsich. Injectivity in Model Theory. Colloquium Mathematicum, Vol. 25 , Pp. 165–176. - S. Bulman-Fleming. On Equationally Compact Semilattices. Algebra Universalis , Vol. 2 No. 2 , Pp. 146–151. - G. Grätzer and H. Lakser. Equationally Compact Semilattices. Colloquium Mathematicum, Vol. 20 , Pp. 27–30. - David K. Haley. On Compact Commutative Noetherian Rings. Mathematische Annalen, Vol. 189 , Pp. 272–274. - Ralph McKenzie. ℵ1-Incompactness of Z. Colloquium Mathematicum, Vol. 23 , Pp. 199–202. - Jan Mycielski. Some Compactifications of General Algebras. Colloquium Mathematicum, Vol. 13 No. 1 , Pp. 1–9. See Errata on Page 281 of Next Paper. - Jan. [REVIEW]Walter Taylor - 1975 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 40 (1):88-92.
  9.  21
    Making Replication Mainstream.Rolf A. Zwaan, Alexander Etz, Richard E. Lucas & M. Brent Donnellan - 2018 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 41:1-50.
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  10. An Identity Theory of Truth.Alexander Miller - 2003 - Mind 112 (445):112-119.
  11.  71
    Tacit Knowledge.Alexander Miller - 2014 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 22 (4):630-635.
  12.  7
    Shape From Shading in Pigeons.Robert G. Cook, Muhammad Aj Qadri, Art Kieres & Nicholas Commons-Miller - 2012 - Cognition 124 (3):284-303.
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  13. Contemporary Metaethics: An Introduction.Alexander Miller - 2013 - Polity.
    This new edition of Alexander Miller’s highly readable introduction to contemporary metaethics provides a critical overview of the main arguments and themes in twentieth- and twenty-first-century contemporary metaethics. Miller traces the development of contemporary debates in metaethics from their beginnings in the work of G. E. Moore up to the most recent arguments between naturalism and non-naturalism, cognitivism and non-cognitivism. From Moore’s attack on ethical naturalism, A. J. Ayer’s emotivism and Simon Blackburn’s quasi-realism to anti-realist and best (...)
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  14.  11
    Moore, Ian Alexander: Eckhart, Heidegger, and the Imperative of Releasement: SUNY Press, Albany, 2019.Haley Irene Burke - 2020 - Continental Philosophy Review 53 (4):523-527.
    In Eckhart, Heidegger, and the Imperative of Releasement, Ian Alexander Moore investigates Martin Heidegger’s use of releasement. Moore argues that this conceptual development was greatly influenced by Meister Eckhart’s thought. In addition to their shared use of releasement, Moore suggests, both Heidegger and Eckhart share similar philosophical strategies. The task of Moore’s monograph is to illuminate how releasement functions in Heidegger’s work and to argue that Eckhart was one of Heidegger’s central influences. This review examines Moore’s method for assessing (...)
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  15.  44
    Rule-Following and Intentionality.Alexander Miller & Olivia Sultanescu - 2022 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  16.  62
    Rule Following, Error Theory and Eliminativism.Alexander Miller - 2015 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 23 (3):323-336.
    In this paper, I argue for three main claims. First, that there are two broad sorts of error theory about a particular region of thought and talk, eliminativist error theories and non-eliminativist error theories. Second, that an error theory about rule following can only be an eliminativist view of rule following, and therefore an eliminativist view of meaning and content on a par with Paul Churchland’s prima facie implausible eliminativism about the propositional attitudes. Third, that despite some superficial appearances to (...)
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  17. Miller, Alexander, An Introduction to Contemporary Metaethics.C. Miller - 2005 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 83 (2):279.
     
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  18. Rule-Following and Meaning.Alexander Miller & Crispin Wright (eds.) - 2002 - Mcgill-Queen's University Press.
    The rule-following debate, in its concern with the metaphysics and epistemology of linguistic meaning and mental content, goes to the heart of the most fundamental questions of contemporary philosophy of mind and language. This volume gathers together the most important contributions to the topic, including papers by Simon Blackburn, Paul Boghossian, Graeme Forbes, Warren Goldfarb, Paul Horwich, John McDowell, Colin McGinn, Ruth Millikan, Philip Pettit, George Wilson, and José Zalabardo. This debate has centred on Saul Kripke's reading of the rule-following (...)
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  19. Common Sense and Comparative Linguistics.Lucas Thorpe - 2021 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 146 (1):71-88.
    I discuss the role of translatability in philosophical justification. I begin by discussing and defending Thomas Reid’s account of the role that facts about comparative linguistics can play in philosophical justification. Reid believes that common sense offers a reliable but defeasible form of justification. We cannot know by introspection, however, which of our judgments belong to common sense. Judgments of common sense are universal, and so he argues that the strongest evidence that a judgment is a part of common sense (...)
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  20.  22
    Universal Common Ancestry, LUCA, and the Tree of Life: Three Distinct Hypotheses About the Evolution of Life.Joel Velasco - 2018 - Biology and Philosophy 33 (5-6):31.
    Common ancestry is a central feature of the theory of evolution, yet it is not clear what “common ancestry” actually means; nor is it clear how it is related to other terms such as “the Tree of Life” and “the last universal common ancestor”. I argue these terms describe three distinct hypotheses ordered in a logical way: that there is a Tree of Life is a claim about the pattern of evolutionary history, that there is a last universal common ancestor (...)
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  21.  21
    Universal Computably Enumerable Equivalence Relations.Uri Andrews, Steffen Lempp, Joseph S. Miller, Keng Meng Ng, Luca San Mauro & Andrea Sorbi - 2014 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 79 (1):60-88.
  22. A Companion to the Philosophy of Language.Bob Hale, Crispin Wright & Alexander Miller (eds.) - 1997 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    This volume provides a survey of contemporary philosophy of language. As well as providing a synoptic view of the key issues, figures, concepts and debates, each essay makes new and original contributions to ongoing debate.
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  23.  10
    Philosophy of Language.Alexander Miller - 1998 - Mcgill-Queen's University Press.
    Starting with Gottlob Frege's foundational theories of sense and reference, Miller provides a useful introduction to the formal logic used in all subsequent philosophy of language. He communicates a sense of active philosophical debate by confronting the views of the early theorists concerned with building systematic theories - such as Frege, Bertrand Russell, and the logical positivists - with the attacks mounted by sceptics - such as W.O. Quine, Saul Kripke, and Ludwig Wittgenstein. This leads to important excursions into (...)
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  24.  68
    Moral Realism and Program Explanation: A Very Short Symposium 1: Reply to Nelson.Alexander Miller - 2009 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 87 (2):337-341.
    In chapter 8 of Miller 2003, I argued against the idea that Jackson and Pettit's notion of program explanation might help Sturgeon's non-reductive naturalist version of moral realism respond to the explanatory challenge posed by Harman. In a recent paper in the AJP[Nelson 2006, Mark Nelson has attempted to defend the idea that program explanation might prove useful to Sturgeon in replying to Harman. In this note, I suggest that Nelson's argument fails.
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  25. The Common-Core/Diversity Dilemma: Revisions of Humean Thought, New Empirical Research, and the Limits of Rational Religious Belief.Branden Thornhill-Miller & Peter Millican - 2015 - European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 7 (1):1--49.
    This paper is the product of an interdisciplinary, interreligious dialogue aiming to outline some of the possibilities and rational limits of supernatural religious belief, in the light of a critique of David Hume’s familiar sceptical arguments -- including a rejection of his famous Maxim on miracles -- combined with a range of striking recent empirical research. The Humean nexus leads us to the formulation of a new ”Common-Core/Diversity Dilemma’, which suggests that the contradictions between different religious belief systems, in conjunction (...)
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  26.  11
    Systematic Review and Metasummary of Attitudes Toward Research in Emergency Medical Conditions.Alexander T. Limkakeng, Lucas Lentini Herling de Oliveira, Tais Moreira, Amruta Phadtare, Clarissa Garcia Rodrigues, Michael B. Hocker, Ross McKinney, Corrine I. Voils & Ricardo Pietrobon - 2014 - Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (6):401-408.
    Emergency departments are challenging research settings, where truly informed consent can be difficult to obtain. A deeper understanding of emergency medical patients’ opinions about research is needed. We conducted a systematic review and meta-summary of quantitative and qualitative studies on which values, attitudes, or beliefs of emergent medical research participants influence research participation. We included studies of adults that investigated opinions toward emergency medicine research participation. We excluded studies focused on the association between demographics or consent document features and participation (...)
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  27.  7
    Improving Social and Behavioral Science by Making Replication Mainstream: A Response to Commentaries.Rolf A. Zwaan, Alexander Etz, Richard E. Lucas & M. Brent Donnellan - 2018 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 41.
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  28.  24
    The Birth of Ethics: Reconstructing the Role and Nature of Morality: By Philip Pettit, Edited by Kinch Hoekstra with Commentary by Michael Tomasello, New York, Oxford University Press, 2018, 387 Pp., £25.99 (Hardback), ISBN 978-0-19-090491-3.Alexander Miller - 2021 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 29 (1):116-121.
    Readers familiar with Philip Pettit’s work will not be surprised to find that The Birth of Ethics is at once very ambitious – offering nothing less than a basis for a complete naturalistic reconstr...
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  29.  3
    Philosophy of Language.Alexander Miller - 1998 - Routledge.
    This engaging and accessible introduction to the philosophy of language provides an important guide to one of the liveliest and most challenging areas of study in philosophy. Interweaving the historical development of the subject with a thematic overview of the different approaches to meaning, the book provides students with the tools necessary to understand contemporary analytical philosophy. The second edition includes new material on: Chomsky, Wittgenstein and Davidson as well as new chapters on the causal theory of reference, possible worlds (...)
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  30. Why Expressivists About Value Should Not Love Minimalism About Truth.John Divers & Alexander Miller - 1994 - Analysis 54 (1):12 - 19.
  31. Alexander Miller, An Introduction to Contemporary Metaethics Reviewed By.Tim Christie - 2004 - Philosophy in Review 24 (2):132-134.
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  32. Alexander Miller, Philosophy of Language. [REVIEW]W. M. Davies - 1999 - Philosophy in Review 19:268-269.
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  33.  54
    Review of Alexander Miller, An Introduction to Contemporary Metaethics[REVIEW]Christian Miller - 2005 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 83 (2):279-281.
    My initial hope when I first saw Miller’s book was that here at least would be a work which satisfies the long standing need for a comprehensive introduction to contemporary metaethics which is accessible enough to be employed in advanced undergraduate courses and introductory graduate seminars. This hope was only partially realized, however, as Miller ends up oscillating between clear presentations of extant debates in the recent literature and his own extended attempts to determine where the truth of (...)
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  34.  7
    Computable Functors and Effective Interpretability.Matthew Harrison-Trainor, Alexander Melnikov, Russell Miller & Antonio Montalbán - 2017 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 82 (1):77-97.
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  35. Alexander Miller, Philosophy of Language Reviewed By.W. Martin Davies - 1999 - Philosophy in Review 19 (4):268-270.
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  36.  22
    Anhedonia and the Affectively Scaffolded Mind.Alexander James Miller Tate - 2019 - Ergo: An Open Access Journal of Philosophy 6.
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  37.  35
    Blueprint for Transparency at the U.S. Food and Drug Administration: Recommendations to Advance the Development of Safe and Effective Medical Products.Joshua M. Sharfstein, James Dabney Miller, Anna L. Davis, Joseph S. Ross, Margaret E. McCarthy, Brian Smith, Anam Chaudhry, G. Caleb Alexander & Aaron S. Kesselheim - 2017 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 45 (s2):7-23.
    BackgroundThe U.S. Food and Drug Administration traditionally has kept confidential significant amounts of information relevant to the approval or non-approval of specific drugs, devices, and biologics and about the regulatory status of such medical products in FDA’s pipeline.ObjectiveTo develop practical recommendations for FDA to improve its transparency to the public that FDA could implement by rulemaking or other regulatory processes without further congressional authorization. These recommendations would build on the work of FDA’s Transparency Task Force in 2010.MethodsIn 2016-2017, we convened (...)
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  38.  10
    Anhedonia and the Affectively Scaffolded Mind.Alexander James Miller Tate - 2019 - Ergo: An Open Access Journal of Philosophy 6.
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  39.  38
    A Complete Theory of Human Evolution of Intelligence Must Consider Stage Changes.Michael Lamport Commons & Patrice Marie Miller - 2002 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (3):404-405.
    We show 13 stages of the development of tool-use and tool making during different eras in the evolution of Homo sapiens. We used the NeoPiagetian Model of Hierarchical Complexity rather than Piaget's. We distinguished the use of existing methods imitated or learned from others, from doing such a task on one's own.
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  40. Rule-Following, Meaning, and Primitive Normativity.Alexander Miller - 2019 - Mind 128 (511):735-760.
    This paper explores the prospects for using the notion of a primitive normative attitude in responding to the sceptical argument about meaning developed in chapter 2 of Saul Kripke’s Wittgenstein on Rules and Private Language. It takes as its stalking-horse the response to Kripke’s Wittgenstein developed in a recent series of important works by Hannah Ginsborg. The paper concludes that Ginsborg’s attempted solution fails for a number of reasons: it depends on an inadequate response to Kripke’s Wittgenstein’s ‘finitude’ objection to (...)
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  41.  30
    Professor Lucas' Second Epistemic Way.Alexander R. Pruss - 1999 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 45 (3):189-194.
  42.  9
    Home-Based Neurologic Music Therapy for Upper Limb Rehabilitation with Stroke Patients at Community Rehabilitation Stage—a Feasibility Study Protocol.Alexander J. Street, Wendy L. Magee, Helen Odell-Miller, Andrew Bateman & Jorg C. Fachner - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  43. The Significance of Semantic Realism.Alexander Miller - 2003 - Synthese 136 (2):191-217.
    This paper is concerned with the relationship between the metaphysical doctrine of realism about the external world and semantic realism, as characterised by Michael Dummett. I argue that Dummett's conception of the relationship is flawed, and that Crispin Wright's account of the relationship, although designed to avoid the problems which beset Dummett's, nevertheless fails for similar reasons. I then aim to show that despite the fact that Dummett and Wright both fail to give a plausible account of the relationship between (...)
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  44. Resolving the Paradox of Common, Harmful, Heritable Mental Disorders: Which Evolutionary Genetic Models Work Best?Matthew C. Keller & Geoffrey Miller - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (4):385-404.
    Given that natural selection is so powerful at optimizing complex adaptations, why does it seem unable to eliminate genes (susceptibility alleles) that predispose to common, harmful, heritable mental disorders, such as schizophrenia or bipolar disorder? We assess three leading explanations for this apparent paradox from evolutionary genetic theory: (1) ancestral neutrality (susceptibility alleles were not harmful among ancestors), (2) balancing selection (susceptibility alleles sometimes increased fitness), and (3) polygenic mutation-selection balance (mental disorders reflect the inevitable mutational load on the thousands (...)
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  45. On the Common Structure of the Primitive Ontology Approach and Information-Theoretic Interpretation of Quantum Theory.Lucas Dunlap - 2015 - Topoi 34 (2):359-367.
    We use the primitive ontology framework of Allori et al. to analyze the quantum information-theoretic interpretation of Bub and Pitowsky. There are interesting parallels between the two approaches, which differentiate them both from the more standard realist interpretations of quantum theory. Where they differ, however, is in terms of their commitments to an underlying ontology on which the manifest image of the world supervenes. Employing the primitive ontology framework in this way makes perspicuous the differences between the quantum information-theoretic interpretation, (...)
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  46.  57
    Arithmaetical Platonism: Reliability and Judgement-Dependence.John Divers & Alexander Miller - 1999 - Philosophical Studies 95 (3):277-310.
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  47. Reading and Writing.Alexander Pollatsek & Brett Miller - 2003 - In L. Nadel (ed.), Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. Nature Publishing Group.
     
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  48.  75
    Blind Rule-Following and the ‘Antinomy of Pure Reason’.Alexander Miller - 2015 - Philosophical Quarterly 65 (260):396-416.
  49. Kripke's Wittgenstein, Factualism and Meaning.Alexander Miller - 2010 - In Daniel Whiting (ed.), The Later Wittgenstein on Language. Palgrave-Macmillan.
     
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  50.  68
    Platitudes and Attitudes: A Minimalist Conception of Belief.John Divers & Alexander Miller - 1995 - Analysis 55 (1):37 - 44.
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