Results for 'Luca A. Finelli'

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  1.  78
    What is consolidated during sleep-dependent motor skill learning?Luca A. Finelli & Terrence J. Sejnowski - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (1):70-71.
    Learning procedural skills involves improvement in speed and accuracy. Walker proposes two stages of memory consolidation: enhancement, which requires sleep, and stabilization, which does not require sleep. Speed improvement for a motor learning task but not accuracy occurs after sleep-dependent enhancement. We discuss this finding in the context of computational models and underlying sleep mechanisms.
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  2.  41
    A paradox reconsidered: Written lessons from Plato's phaedrus.Lucas A. Swaine - 1998 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 30 (3):259–273.
  3.  37
    Others in Mind: Social Origins of Self-Consciousness.Lucas A. Keefer - 2011 - Philosophical Psychology 24 (2):287-290.
  4.  41
    How ought liberal democracies to treat theocratic communities?Lucas A. Swaine - 2001 - Ethics 111 (2):302-343.
  5.  12
    Gli appuntamenti mancati e lo sguardo di Sisifo.A. De Luca - 2000 - Comprendre: Archive International pour l'Anthropologie et la Psychopathologie Phénoménologiques 10:89-99.
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  6. La responsabilita quale autenticita.A. De Luca - 2000 - Aquinas 43 (3):561-570.
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  7.  13
    A Paradox Reconsidered: written lessons from Plato's Phaedrus.Lucas A. Swaine - 1998 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 30 (3):259-273.
  8.  60
    Blameless, constructive, and political anger.Lucas A. Swaine - 1996 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 26 (3):257–274.
    Scholars of the emotions maintain that all anger requires an object of blame. In order to be angry, many writers argue, one must believe than an actor has done serious damage to something that one values. Yet an individual may be angered without blaming another. This kind of emotion, called situational anger, does not entail a corresponding object of blame. Situational anger can be a useful force in public life, enabling citizens to draw attention to the seriousness of social or (...)
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  9. Theocracy: Citadel of Devotion.Lucas A. Swaine - 1999 - Dissertation, Brown University
    Theocratic communities ensconced within liberal democracies ought to be treated differently than they are at present. Liberals have neglected to consider carefully the challenges that theocracy presents, largely because none has undertaken to examine the essence of that way of governing. In this there is a serious problem, however, for existing legal structures impede severely the religious free exercise of theocrats, and no appropriate solution to this injustice has yet been given. ;Theocracy is a distinctive mode of governance involving rigid (...)
     
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  10. Bilans de compétences. Etat des pratiques, axes de développement.A. -M. Lucas - 1991 - Cahiers Internationaux de Sociologie 108:129-135.
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  11.  11
    An initial investigation of the role of death concerns in evaluations of metaphoric language about God.Lucas A. Keefer, Faith L. Brown & Thomas G. Rials - 2021 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 43 (2):135-160.
    Past research suggests that death pushes some individuals to strongly promote religious worldviews. The current work explores the role of conceptual metaphor in this process. Past research shows that metaphors can provide meaning and certainty, suggesting that death may therefore cause people to be more attracted to epistemically beneficial metaphoric descriptions of God. In three studies, we test this possibility against competing alternatives suggesting that death concerns may cause more selective metaphor preferences. Using both correlational and experimental methods, we find (...)
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  12. Gregory Claeys, ed., Utopias of the British Enlightenment.A. Di Luca - forthcoming - Radical Philosophy.
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  13.  15
    Estudos Neokantianos, de Mario Ariel González Porta.Lucas A. D. Amaral - 2021 - Kant E-Prints 16 (2):310-317.
    Talvez “redescobrimento” seja uma caracterização adequada para designar o _status_ do movimento neokantiano atualmente. Se, por um lado, o neokantismo tem recebido uma maior atenção em diversos lugares da Europa, América do norte, Ásia, e em alguns países da América Latina, por outro, na ainda jovem cultura filosófica brasileira, o estudo desse importante e decisivo movimento é algo atípico dentro de nossas instituições de ensino, para dizer o mínimo. De fato, a quantidade de trabalhos acadêmicos, artigos e livros sobre as (...)
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  14. Problems with “control of variables” as a process skill.A. M. Lucas & Kenneth Tobin - 1987 - Science Education 71 (5):685-690.
     
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  15. Algorithmic Aspects in Complex Systems Analysis.A. De Luca - 1971 - Scientia 65 (6):659.
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  16.  45
    Institutions of conscience: Politics and principle in a world of religious pluralism. [REVIEW]Lucas A. Swaine - 2003 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 6 (1):93-118.
    This article considers the difficult question of whether there are any reasons for theocratic religious devotees to affirm liberalism and liberal institutions. Swaine argues not only that there are reasons for theocrats to affirm liberalism, but that theocrats are committed rationally to three normative principles of liberty of conscience, as well. Swaine subsequently discusses three institutional and strategic implications of his arguments. First, he outlines an option of semisovereignty for theocratic communities in liberal democracies, and explains why an appropriate valuation (...)
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  17.  14
    Attachment to God Uniquely Predicts Variation in Well-Being Outcomes.Lucas A. Keefer & Faith L. Brown - 2018 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 40 (2-3):225-257.
    Prior research shows that one's relationship with God is often patterned on interpersonal attachment style. In other words, the expectations people have about the supportiveness of close others tend to color perceptions of God. Past research also shows that well-being corresponds with a more secure view of others in attachment relationships, both interpersonal and divine. This raises an important theoretical question: Are the associations between attachment to God and well-being due to the unique nature of that bond or are they (...)
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  18.  21
    Colonial pride and metropolitan expectations: the British Museum and Melbourne's meteorites.A. M. Lucas, P. J. Lucas, T. A. Darragh & S. Maroske - 1994 - British Journal for the History of Science 27 (1):65-87.
    The four-year wrangle over the ownership of what was then thought to have been the largest known meteorite, recognized near Melbourne in 1860, provides a fine-grained example of the interaction between scientific internationalism, metropolitan appetite for specimens, and colonial civic pride.
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  19.  18
    The Scientific Savant in Nineteenth-Century Australia. . R. W. Home.A. M. Lucas - 1998 - Isis 89 (3):555-556.
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  20.  13
    “Undoing” a Rhetorical Metaphor: Testing the Metaphor Extension Strategy.J. Landau Mark, A. Keefer Lucas & Swanson Trevor James - 2017 - Metaphor and Symbol 32 (2):63-83.
    Political metaphors do more than punch up messages; they can systematically bias observers’ attitudes toward the issue at hand. What, then, is an effective strategy for counteracting a metaphor’s influence? One could ignore or criticize the metaphor, emphasizing strong counterarguments directly pertaining to the target issue. Yet if observers rely on it to understand a complicated issue, they may be reluctant to abandon it. In this case, a “metaphor extension” strategy may be effective: Encourage observers to retain the metaphor but (...)
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  21.  50
    Bringing Science to the Public: Ferdinand von Mueller and Botanical Education in Victorian Victoria.A. M. Lucas, Sara Maroske & Andrew Brown-May - 2006 - Annals of Science 63 (1):25-57.
    Summary Ferdinand von Mueller (1825–96), the German-born Government Botanist of Victoria from 1853 until his death, and concurrently Director of the Melbourne Botanic Garden from 1857 until 1873, was a prolific systematic botanist, but also heavily involved in public educational activities. He conceived of the Garden as an educative place of recreation, but ultimately lost control over it. His loss did not stop his popular writing and lecturing, especially in areas related to the application of botany in horticulture, agriculture, and (...)
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  22.  21
    Bioethical and Moral Perspectives in Human Reproductive Medicine.Joseph V. Turner & Lucas A. McLindon - 2018 - The Linacre Quarterly 85 (4).
    A reductive reading of Humanae vitae seeks to limit its appeal to a ban on contraception. In truth, however, it offers a vision of human sexuality and conjugal love with broad and enduring relevance. In setting forth the intrinsic complementarity and irreducibility of the unitive and procreative dimensions of the conjugal act, Paul VI has given us a hermeneutical key for assessing many contemporary ethical dilemmas in human reproductive medicine. From this perspective, this article seeks to apply the logic of (...)
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  23. Does truth equal provability in the maximal theory?Luca Incurvati - 2009 - Analysis 69 (2):233-239.
    According to the received view, formalism – interpreted as the thesis that mathematical truth does not outrun the consequences of our maximal mathematical theory – has been refuted by Goedel's theorem. In support of this claim, proponents of the received view usually invoke an informal argument for the truth of the Goedel sentence, an argument which is supposed to reconstruct our reasoning in seeing its truth. Against this, Field has argued in a series of papers that the principles involved in (...)
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  24.  17
    What future for tropical disease research?Lucio Luzzatto & A. O. Lucas - 1985 - Bioessays 3 (6):243-244.
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  25.  28
    Time‐Space Distanciation: An Interdisciplinary Account of How Culture Shapes the Implicit and Explicit Psychology of Time and Space.Daniel Sullivan, Lucas A. Keefer, Sheridan A. Stewart & Roman Palitsky - 2016 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 46 (4):450-474.
    The growing body of research on temporal and spatial experience lacks a comprehensive theoretical approach. Drawing on Giddens’ framework, we present time-space distanciation as a construct for theorizing the relations between culture, time, and space. TSD in a culture may be understood as the extent to which time and space are abstracted as separate dimensions and activities are extended and organized across time and space. After providing a historical account of its development, we outline a multi-level conceptualization of TSD supported (...)
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  26.  24
    Harmony and Paradox: Intensional Aspects of Proof-Theoretic Semantics.Luca Tranchini - 2024 - Springer Verlag.
    This open access book investigates the role played by identity of proofs in proof-theoretic semantics. It develops a conception of proof-theoretic semantics as primarily concerned with the relationship between proofs (understood as abstract entities) and derivations (the linguistic representations of proofs). It demonstrates that identity of proof is a key both to clarify some —still not wholly understood— notions at the core of proof-theoretic semantics, such as harmony; and to broaden the range of the phenomena which can be analyzed using (...)
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  27.  15
    Cultura como segunda natureza: Filosofia da cultura, Filosofia transcendental “naturalizada” e a questão do espaço da cultura.Sebastian Luft & Lucas A. D. Amaral - 2021 - Kant E-Prints 16 (2):377-397.
    Nesta contribuição, a filosofia da cultura de Cassirer é apresentada como uma aplicação especial da filosofia transcendental kantiana, então comparada a outra tradição aqui, a Escola de Pittsburgh, especialmente McDowell. O resultado é o conceito de Sellars de “espaço de razões”, que é então expandido por McDowell com seu conceito de “segunda natureza”. Uma interpretação interessante de um dos primeiros intérpretes de Cassirer – Howe – torna possível trazer “Marburgo” e “Pittsburgo” para a conversa. O resultado dessa comparação será uma (...)
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  28.  25
    A filosofia da matemática de Frege no contexto do neokantismo.Gottfried Gabriel, Sven Schlotter, Lucas A. D. Amaral & Rafael R. Garcia - 2021 - Kant E-Prints 16 (2):363-376.
    Há muitos pontos de concordância entre Frege e os neokantianos. Isso vale especialmente para os representantes do neokantismo da teoria do valor ou do Sudoeste alemão na tradição de Hermann Lotze. Não discutiremos aqui todos os aspectos dessa proximidade; de acordo com o tema que propomos, ficaremos restritos à filosofia da matemática. A primeira parte do artigo tratará da relação entre aritmética e geometria, mostrando surpreendentes semelhanças entre Frege e o neokantiano Otto Liebmann. A segunda parte discutirá as diferentes recepções (...)
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  29.  12
    Existentially closed Brouwerian semilattices.Luca Carai & Silvio Ghilardi - 2019 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 84 (4):1544-1575.
    The variety of Brouwerian semilattices is amalgamable and locally finite; hence, by well-known results [19], it has a model completion. In this article, we supply a finite and rather simple axiomatization of the model completion.
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  30.  2
    Stefano Velotti, La filosofia e le arti. Sentire, pensare, immaginare.Luca Viglialoro - 2013 - Rivista di Estetica 52:285-288.
    Tracciare un percorso netto e polivalente che contribuisca a chiarificare – o, almeno, a comprendere – adeguatamente un’esperienza estetica è un’impresa, come già ricordava Jauss in Ästhetische Erfahrung und literarische Hermeneutik, tutt’altro che isolabile dall’ausilio di tradizioni e contesti di varia provenienza. Rimodulando a più riprese gli approcci e partendo da posizioni a priori non squalificanti (ma, non per questo, “deboli”) ci si rende conto che la questione non pertiene solo – co...
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  31.  17
    Osterhammel, Jürgen, translated by Robert Savage, Unfabling the East: The Enlightenment’s Encounter with Asia: Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press, 2018, xiii + 676 pages.Dinu Luca - 2021 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 20 (2):341-345.
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  32.  43
    Beyond Borel-amenability: scales and superamenable reducibilities.Luca Motto Ros - 2010 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 161 (7):829-836.
    We analyze the degree-structure induced by large reducibilities under the Axiom of Determinacy. This generalizes the analysis of Borel reducibilities given in Alessandro Andretta and Donald A. Martin [1], Luca Motto Ros [6] and Luca Motto Ros. [5] e.g. to the projective levels.
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  33.  61
    Beyond Authority: Hinge Constitutivism about Epistemic Normativity.Luca Zanetti - 2023 - Philosophia 51 (4):2261-2283.
    According to constitutivism, we can justify the authority of aims and norms on the ground that they are inescapable. Constitutivist views divide between ambitious and modest ones. According to ambitious constitutivism, the inescapability of aims grounds their unconditional authority, whereas according to modest constitutivism, the inescapability of aims only grounds their conditional authority. Either way, both forms of constitutivism share the assumption that inescapability grounds authority, which in turn presupposes that at the foundation of normativity we find aims and norms (...)
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  34.  46
    The ‘Is’ and the ‘Ought’ of the Animal Organism: Hegel’s Account of Biological Normativity.Luca Corti - 2022 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 44 (2):1-22.
    This paper investigates Hegel’s account of the animal organism as it is presented in the Philosophy of Nature, with a special focus on its normative implications. I argue that the notion of “organisation” is fundamental to Hegel’s theory of animal normativity. The paper starts by showing how a Hegelian approach takes up the scientific image of organism and assigns a basic explanatory role to the notion of “organisation” in its understanding living beings. Moving from this premise, the paper turns to (...)
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  35. Seemings and Epistemic Justification: how appearances justify beliefs.Luca Moretti - 2020 - Cham: Springer.
    This book examines phenomenal conservatism, one of the most influential and promising internalist conceptions of non-inferential justification debated in current epistemology and philosophy of mind. It also explores the significance of the findings of this examination for the general debate on epistemic justification. According to phenomenal conservatism, non-inferential justification rests on seemings or appearances, conceived of as experiences provided with propositional content. Phenomenal conservatism states that if it appears to S that P, in the absence of defeaters, S thereby has (...)
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  36.  61
    Ancient Self-Refutation: The Logic and History of the Self-Refutation Argument From Democritus to Augustine.Luca Castagnoli - 2010 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    A 'self-refutation argument' is any argument which aims at showing that a certain thesis is self-refuting. This study was the first book-length treatment of ancient self-refutation and provides a unified account of what is distinctive in the ancient approach to the self-refutation argument, on the basis of close philological, logical and historical analysis of a variety of sources. It examines the logic, force and prospects of this original style of argumentation within the context of ancient philosophical debates, dispelling various misconceptions (...)
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  37.  24
    Discrete versus multiple word displays: a re-analysis of studies comparing dyslexic and typically developing children.Pierluigi Zoccolotti, Maria De Luca & Donatella Spinelli - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  38.  22
    On the road: Combining possible identities and metaphor to motivate disadvantaged middle-school students.Mark J. Landau, Jesse Barrera & Lucas A. Keefer - 2017 - Metaphor and Symbol 32 (4):276-290.
    In America, White and affluent middle-school students outperform minority students and those of low socioeconomic status on measures of academic performance. This achievement gap is partly attributable to differences in academic engagement. A promising strategy for engaging students is to elicit an academic possible identity: an image of oneself in the future as an accomplished student. Tests of this strategy’s efficacy show mixed results, however. According to Identity-Based Motivation Theory, this is because a salient possible identity enhances goal engagement when (...)
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  39.  40
    Perinatal Parenting Stress, Anxiety, and Depression Outcomes in First-Time Mothers and Fathers: A 3- to 6-Months Postpartum Follow-Up Study. [REVIEW]Laura Vismara, Luca Rollè, Francesca Agostini, Cristina Sechi, Valentina Fenaroli, Sara Molgora, Erica Neri, Laura E. Prino, Flaminia Odorisio, Annamaria Trovato, Concetta Polizzi, Piera Brustia, Loredana Lucarelli, Fiorella Monti, Emanuela Saita & Renata Tambelli - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
  40. Conditional Intentions.Luca Ferrero - 2009 - Noûs 43 (4):700 - 741.
    In this paper, I will discuss the various ways in which intentions can be said to be conditional, with particular attention to the internal conditions on the intentions’ content. I will first consider what it takes to carry out a conditional intention. I will then discuss how the distinctive norms of intention apply to conditional intentions and whether conditional intentions are a weaker sort of commitments than the unconditional ones. This discussion will lead to the idea of what I call (...)
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  41. Decisions, Diachronic Autonomy, and the Division of Deliberative Labor.Luca Ferrero - 2010 - Philosophers' Imprint 10:1-23.
    It is often argued that future-directed decisions are effective at shaping our future conduct because they give rise, at the time of action, to a decisive reason to act as originally decided. In this paper, I argue that standard accounts of decision-based reasons are unsatisfactory. For they focus either on tie-breaking scenarios or cases of self-directed distal manipulation. I argue that future-directed decisions are better understood as tools for the non-manipulative, intrapersonal division of deliberative labor over time. A future-directed decision (...)
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  42.  72
    Conceptions of Set and the Foundations of Mathematics.Luca Incurvati - 2020 - Cambridge University Press.
    Sets are central to mathematics and its foundations, but what are they? In this book Luca Incurvati provides a detailed examination of all the major conceptions of set and discusses their virtues and shortcomings, as well as introducing the fundamentals of the alternative set theories with which these conceptions are associated. He shows that the conceptual landscape includes not only the naïve and iterative conceptions but also the limitation of size conception, the definite conception, the stratified conception and the (...)
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  43.  42
    Proof, Meaning and Paradox: Some Remarks.Luca Tranchini - 2019 - Topoi 38 (3):591-603.
    In the present paper, the Fregean conception of proof-theoretic semantics that I developed elsewhere will be revised so as to better reflect the different roles played by open and closed derivations. I will argue that such a conception can deliver a semantic analysis of languages containing paradoxical expressions provided some of its basic tenets are liberalized. In particular, the notion of function underlying the Brouwer–Heyting–Kolmogorov explanation of implication should be understood as admitting functions to be partial. As argued in previous (...)
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  44. Diachronic Structural Rationality.Luca Ferrero - 2014 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 57 (3):311-336.
    In this paper I investigate whether there are genuine and irreducible pressures of diachronic rationality grounded on the structure of the subject rather than on substantive considerations, such as pragmatic ones. I argue that structural pressures of diachronic rationality have a limited scope. The most important pressure only tells against arbitrary interference with the mechanisms for the retention of attitudes over time. I then argue that in the practical case, a substantial account in terms of the agent's temporal identity appears (...)
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  45.  29
    Labelled non-classical logics.Luca Viganò - 2000 - Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    The subject of Labelled Non-Classical Logics is the development and investigation of a framework for the modular and uniform presentation and implementation of non-classical logics, in particular modal and relevance logics. Logics are presented as labelled deduction systems, which are proved to be sound and complete with respect to the corresponding Kripke-style semantics. We investigate the proof theory of our systems, and show them to possess structural properties such as normalization and the subformula property, which we exploit not only to (...)
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  46. Inescapability Revisited.Luca Ferrero - 2018 - Manuscrito: Revista Internacional de Filosofía 41 (4):113-158.
    According to constitutivism, the objective authority of practical reason is to be grounded in the constitutive features of agency. In this paper, I offer a brief survey of the basic structure of constitutive argument about objectivity and consider how constitutivism might dispel the worry that it can only ground a conditional kind of authority. I then consider David Enoch’s original shmagency challenge and the response in terms of the inescapability of agency. In particular, I revisit the appeal to inescapability in (...)
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  47.  44
    A Systematic Review of Public Attitudes, Perceptions and Behaviours Towards Production Diseases Associated with Farm Animal Welfare.Beth Clark, Gavin B. Stewart, Luca A. Panzone, I. Kyriazakis & Lynn J. Frewer - 2016 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 29 (3):455-478.
    Increased productivity may have negative impacts on farm animal welfare in modern animal production systems. Efficiency gains in production are primarily thought to be due to the intensification of production, and this has been associated with an increased incidence of production diseases, which can negatively impact upon FAW. While there is a considerable body of research into consumer attitudes towards FAW, the extent to which this relates specifically to a reduction in production diseases in intensive systems, and whether the increased (...)
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  48. Wright, Okasha and Chandler on transmission failure.Luca Moretti - 2012 - Synthese 184 (3):217-234.
    Crispin Wright has given an explanation of how a first time warrant can fall short of transmitting across a known entailment. Formal epistemologists have struggled to turn Wright’s informal explanation into cogent Bayesian reasoning. In this paper, I analyse two Bayesian models of Wright’s account respectively proposed by Samir Okasha and Jake Chandler. I argue that both formalizations are unsatisfactory for different reasons, and I lay down a third Bayesian model that appears to me to capture the valid kernel of (...)
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  49. On Ian Hacking’s Notion of Style of Reasoning.Luca Sciortino - 2017 - Erkenntnis 82 (2):243-264.
    The analytical notion of ‘scientific style of reasoning’, introduced by Ian Hacking in the middle of the 1980s, has become widespread in the literature of the history and philosophy of science. However, scholars have rarely made explicit the philosophical assumptions and the research objectives underlying the notion of style: what are its philosophical roots? How does the notion of style fit into the area of research of historical epistemology? What does a comparison between Hacking’s project on styles of thinking and (...)
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  50. Epistemic Multilateral Logic.Luca Incurvati & Julian J. Schlöder - 2022 - Review of Symbolic Logic 15 (2):505-536.
    We present epistemic multilateral logic, a general logical framework for reasoning involving epistemic modality. Standard bilateral systems use propositional formulae marked with signs for assertion and rejection. Epistemic multilateral logic extends standard bilateral systems with a sign for the speech act of weak assertion (Incurvati and Schlöder 2019) and an operator for epistemic modality. We prove that epistemic multilateral logic is sound and complete with respect to the modal logic S5 modulo an appropriate translation. The logical framework developed provides the (...)
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