Results for 'Lu��s Duarte D'Almeida'

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  1. Legal Statements and Normative Language.Duarte D'Almeida Luís - 2011 - Law and Philosophy 30 (2):167-199.
    Can there be a non-reductivist, source-based explanation of the use of normative language in statements describing the law and legal situations? This problem was formulated by Joseph Raz, who also claimed to have solved it. According to his well-known doctrine of ‘detached’ statements, normative legal statements can be informatively made by speakers who merely adopt, without necessarily sharing, the point of view of someone who accepts that legal norms are justified and ought to be followed. In this paper I defend (...)
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  2.  40
    Fundamental Legal Concepts: The Hohfeldian Framework.Luís Duarte D'Almeida - 2016 - Philosophy Compass 11 (10):554-569.
    Wesley Newcomb Hohfeld's account of legal rights is now 100 years old. It has been much discussed, and remains very influential with philosophers and lawyers alike. Yet it is still sometimes misunderstood in crucial respects. This article offers a rigorous exposition of Hohfeld's framework; discusses its claims to comprehensiveness and fundamentality, reviewing recent work on the topic; and highlights the argumentative uses of Hohfeld's most important distinction.
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  3.  12
    Some Claims About Law’s Claims.Luís Duarte D’Almeida & James Edwards - 2014 - Law and Philosophy 33 (6):725-746.
    Our paper has three parts. In Part 1, we discuss John Gardner’s thesis that the non-elliptical ascription of agency to law is a necessary and irreducible part of any adequate explanation of the activities of legal officials. We consider three explananda which might conceivably necessitate this ascription, and conclude that none in fact does so. In Part 2, we discuss two other theses of Gardner’s: that it makes no sense to ascribe to law the claim that there are legal obligations (...)
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  4.  30
    Geach and Ascriptivism: Beside the Point.Luís Duarte D'Almeida - 2016 - Journal for the History of Analytical Philosophy 4 (6).
    This paper discusses the first incarnation of what came to be known as the “Frege-Geach” point. The point was made by Peter Geach in his 1960 essay “Ascriptivism”, and developed in “Assertion”, a 1965 piece. Geach’s articles launch a wholesale attack on theories of non-descriptive performances advanced by “some Oxford philosophers” whom he accuses of ignoring “the distinction between calling a thing ‘P’ and predicating ‘P’ of a thing”. One view that Geach specifically targets is H. L. A. Hart’s claim (...)
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  5.  32
    Proceedings From the IV Brazilian Meeting on Research Integrity, Science and Publication Ethics : Goi'nia, Brasil. 17-18 November 2016. [REVIEW]A. S. C. Abreu, H. S. Selistre-de-Araujo, D. Guilhem, M. R. C. G. Novaes, N. R. A. Silva, M. Palácios, P. G. Camacho, M. Russo, A. Abreu, S. Cruz-Riascos, L. V. R. Rezende, A. C. Quintela, J. Leta, E. Damasio, H. H. Caiaffa Filho, R. M. Catarino, A. A. B. Almodóvar, A. P. Vicentini, B. C. Machado, M. M. Sorenson, J. R. Lapa E. Silva, A. Palma, R. M. V. R. Almeida, E. H. Watanabe, D. Foguel, S. M. R. Vasconcelos, C. A. Guimarães, A. Schtscherbyna, J. C. Amaral, H. G. Falcão, F. R. Mota, S. C. Bourguignon, R. Kant de Lima, S. Liskauskas, M. C. Cassimiro, J. Araújo, A. S. Carvalho, M. Patrão Neves, F. M. Litto, M. D. P. Silva, L. S. Gracioso, A. C. Furnival, P. M. Lourenço, V. Ronchi, M. M. M. Machado, R. Amaral, M. D. Ribeiro, R. Neves, V. C. Garbocci, M. Fontes-Domingues, P. Biancovilli, R. T. Souza, P. V. S. Souza, D. C. Machado, C. C. Santos, A. M. Gollner, H. S. Pinheiro, G. A. Fófano, A. A. P. Santa Rosa, C. H. Debenedito Silva, A. M. M. Soares, M. M. P. Diós-Borges, E. Duarte & Gar - 2017 - Research Integrity and Peer Review 2 (Suppl 1).
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  6.  23
    On Pre-Conventions as ‘Normative Facts’.Luís Duarte D’Almeida - 2017 - Revus.
    In his essay “Pre-Conventions: A Fragment of the Background”, Bruno Celano seems to endorse three claims about what he calls ‘pre-conventions’: that such ‘entities’ exist; that they are neither rules nor de facto regularities; and that their ‘character’ is at once factual and normative: that pre-conventions are “literally, ‘normative facts’.” I suggest that and are not particularly striking claims, and that Celano’s case for is unpersuasive.
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  7.  63
    A Proof-Based Account of Legal Exceptions.Luís Duarte D'Almeida - 2013 - Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 33 (1):133-168.
    I propose and defend a proof-based account of legal exceptions. The basic thought is that the characteristic behaviour of exceptions is to be explained in terms of the distinction, relative to some given decision-type C in some decision-making context, between two classes of relevant facts: those that may, and those that may not, remain uncertain if a token decision C is to count as correctly made. The former is the class of exceptions. A fact F is an exception relative to (...)
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  8.  18
    What Is It to Apply the Law?Luís Duarte D’Almeida - 2021 - Law and Philosophy 40 (4):361-386.
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  9.  10
    Correction to: What is it to Apply the Law?Luís Duarte D’Almeida - forthcoming - Law and Philosophy:1-2.
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  10.  58
    ‘O Call Me Not to Justify the Wrong’: Criminal Answerability and the Offence/Defence Distinction.Luís Duarte D’Almeida - 2012 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 6 (2):227-245.
    Most philosophers of criminal law agree that between criminal offences and defences there is a significant, substantial difference. It is a difference, however, that has proved hard to pin down. In recent work, Duff and others have suggested that it mirrors the distinction between criminal answerability and liability to criminal punishment. Offence definitions, says Duff, are—and ought to be—those action-types ‘for which a defendant can properly be called to answer in a criminal court, on pain of conviction and condemnation if (...)
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  11.  4
    Allowing for Exceptions: A Theory of Defences and Defeasibility in Law.Luís Duarte D'Almeida - 2015 - Oxford University Press UK.
    You find yourself in a court of law, accused of having hit someone. What can you do to avoid conviction? You could simply deny the accusation: 'No, I didn't do it'. But suppose you did do it. You may then give a different answer. 'Yes, I hit him', you grant, 'but it was self-defence'; or 'Yes, but I was acting under duress'. To answer in this way-to offer a 'Yes, but...' reply-is to hold that your particular wrong was committed in (...)
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  12.  15
    Marmor, Andrei. The Language of Law. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014. Pp. 176. $39.95.Luís Duarte D’Almeida - 2016 - Ethics 126 (3):845-850.
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  13.  36
    The Structure of Arguments by Analogy in Law.Luís Duarte D’Almeida & Cláudio Michelon - 2017 - Argumentation 31 (2):359-393.
    Successful accounts of analogy in law have two burdens to discharge. First, they must reflect the fact that the conclusion of an argument by analogy is a normative claim about how to decide a certain case. Second, they must not fail to accord relevance to the fact that the source case was authoritatively decided in a certain way. We argue in the first half of this paper that the common view of the structure of analogical arguments in law cannot overcome (...)
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  14.  2
    Wrongs and Sanctions in the Pure Theory of Law.Luís Duarte D’Almeida - forthcoming - Ratio Juris.
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  15.  41
    The Problem of Defeasibility and the Problems of ‘Defeasibility’. [REVIEW]Luís Duarte D'Almeida - 2014 - Jurisprudence 5 (2):401-408.
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  16.  38
    Denying the Antecedent: The Fallacy That Never Was, or Sometimes Isn’T?Luis Duarte D’Almeida & Euan MacDonald - 2016 - Informal Logic 36 (1):26-63.
    : In this paper we examine two challenges to the orthodox understanding of the fallacy of denying the antecedent. One challenge is to say that passages thought to express the fallacy can usually be given an interpretation on which they express valid arguments, entitling us to query whether the fallacy is commonly, if ever, committed at all. We discuss this claim in Section 1. The second challenge comes from those who think that there are legitimate uses of denying the antecedent (...)
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  17.  9
    Allowing for Exceptions: A Theory of Defences and Defeasibility in Law, Written by Luìs Duarte D’Almeida.Adam Rigoni - 2017 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 14 (6):777-780.
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  18.  32
    Description, Ascription, and Action in the Criminal Law.Luís Duarte D'almeida - 2007 - Ratio Juris 20 (2):170-195.
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  19.  12
    Against 'Prohibitions' (First Round).Luís Duarte D'Almeida - manuscript
    The distinction between 'conduct norms' and 'sanction norms' is widely assumed to be an essential tool for any correct understanding of criminal responsibility. Conduct norms (often also called 'primary') are referred to with the language of 'prohibitions', and it is normally accepted that a crime is by definition a 'prohibited' human behaviour, in the sense that it is always an infraction of a 'conduct norm'. I mean to discuss and criticize this rather consensual assumption. Modern criminal codes don't usually incorporate (...)
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  20.  21
    Timing and Rulership in Master Lü’s Spring and Autumn Annals (Lüshi Chunqiu). By James D. Sellmann.By James D. Sellmann & Jay Goulding - 2004 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 31 (2):305–309.
  21.  27
    Complaints Filed Against Nursing Professionals: Mapping a Brazilian Reality.A. L. N. V. D. Silva, M. C. F. D. S. Candido, S. J. H. Duarte & R. M. D. Santos - forthcoming - Nursing Ethics.
  22.  35
    Ontological Foundations for Software Requirements with a Focus on Requirements at Runtime.Bruno Borlini Duarte, Andre Luiz de Castro Leal, Ricardo de Almeida Falbo, Giancarlo Guizzardi, Renata S. S. Guizzardi & Vítor E. Silva Souza - 2018 - Applied Ontology 13 (2):73-105.
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  23.  8
    Langage managérial et dramaturgie organisationnelle.Cendrine Avisseau & Nicole D’Almeida - 2010 - Hermès: La Revue Cognition, communication, politique 58 (3):, [ p.].
    Le discours managérial constitue un véritable genre et représente une catégorie particulière au sein des énoncés performatifs. L’objectif annoncé de présentation des orientations stratégiques et de dynamisation des équipes s’accompagne d’une mise en scène particulière qui constitue une des conditions de sa félicité, de son accomplissement. Le contexte d’internationalisation et d’interdépendance dans lequel se déroule l’activité des entreprises renforce la stéréotypie de ce langage qui mobilise un format, un vocabulaire et une syntaxe particulière marqués par l’anglicisme et l’asyncticité. Destiné à (...)
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  24.  28
    Law as a Leap of Faith as OTHERS See IT.John Gardner - 2014 - Law and Philosophy 33 (6):813-842.
    This is my reply to five extended critical assessments of my book Law as a Leap of Faith, appearing together in a symposium issue of Law and Philosophy. The critics are Kevin Toh, Luís Duarte d’Almeida and James Edwards, Fábio Perin Shecaira, Cristina Redondo, and Matthew Smith. The topics include H.L.A. Hart’s philosophical legacy, the moral claims of law, the nature of legal reasoning, the doctrine of legal positivism, and the possibility of alienation from law.
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  25.  32
    The Art of Letters, Lu Chi's "Wen Fu," A. D. 302, A Translation and Comparative Study.James R. Hightower, E. R. Hughes & Lu Chi - 1952 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 72 (4):184.
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  26.  12
    Filosofia, Ética E Geografia: Relatos de Uma Experiência Acadêmica Com Danilo Di Manno de Almeida.R. A. Assis, R. S. Gomes & D. Pansarelli - 2011 - Páginas de Filosofía 3 (1-2):81-91.
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  27.  23
    Empathy in Brazilian Nursing Professionals: A Descriptive Study.M. A. Trevizan, R. G. D. S. Almeida, M. C. Souza, A. Mazzo, I. A. C. Mendes & J. C. A. Martins - 2015 - Nursing Ethics 22 (3):367-376.
  28.  27
    Medical and Bioethical Considerations in Elective Cochlear Implant Array Removal.Maryanna S. Owoc, Elliott D. Kozin, Aaron Remenschneider, Maria J. Duarte, Ariel Edward Hight, Marjorie Clay, Susanna E. Meyer, Daniel J. Lee & Selena Briggs - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (3):174-179.
    ObjectiveCochlear explantation for purely elective reasons is not well studied. Herein, we aim to provide data and expert commentary about elective cochlear implant removal that may help to guide clinical decision-making and formulate guidelines related to CI explantation.Data sourcesWe address these objectives via three approaches: case report of a patient who desired elective CI removal; review of literature and expert discussion by surgeon, audiologist, bioethicist, CI user and member of Deaf community.Review methodsA systematic review using three scientific online databases was (...)
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  29.  1
    A Synthesis of Many Levels of Constraints as a Modern View of Development.S. Lu D. Harter - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (4).
  30.  24
    Reinventing the Body on the Photographic Stage: Theatricality, Identity, and Figural Writing in the Work of Helena Almeida.Miguel Mesquita Duarte & Bruno Marques - 2018 - Philosophy of Photography 9 (1):71-94.
    The fictional regime of the photographic image allows Helena Almeida to stage a theatrical metamorphosis of her own body through displacements, expansions and dissimulations, placing photography at the heart of a pictorial transgression that undermines the disciplinary boundaries of visual media: the artist becomes ink, inhabits the empty canvas space, multiplies herself in mirror games that produce the unfolding of a body in deep crisis, thrown beyond its physical limits and identity. Moreover, in multimedia works such as Feel me, Hear (...)
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  31.  15
    Proceedings of the Seventh Annual Deep Brain Stimulation Think Tank: Advances in Neurophysiology, Adaptive DBS, Virtual Reality, Neuroethics and Technology.Adolfo Ramirez-Zamora, James Giordano, Aysegul Gunduz, Jose Alcantara, Jackson N. Cagle, Stephanie Cernera, Parker Difuntorum, Robert S. Eisinger, Julieth Gomez, Sarah Long, Brandon Parks, Joshua K. Wong, Shannon Chiu, Bhavana Patel, Warren M. Grill, Harrison C. Walker, Simon J. Little, Ro’ee Gilron, Gerd Tinkhauser, Wesley Thevathasan, Nicholas C. Sinclair, Andres M. Lozano, Thomas Foltynie, Alfonso Fasano, Sameer A. Sheth, Katherine Scangos, Terence D. Sanger, Jonathan Miller, Audrey C. Brumback, Priya Rajasethupathy, Cameron McIntyre, Leslie Schlachter, Nanthia Suthana, Cynthia Kubu, Lauren R. Sankary, Karen Herrera-Ferrá, Steven Goetz, Binith Cheeran, G. Karl Steinke, Christopher Hess, Leonardo Almeida, Wissam Deeb, Kelly D. Foote & Okun Michael S. - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
  32.  48
    Quaternion-Loop Quantum Gravity.M. D. Maia, S. S. E. Almeida Silva & F. S. Carvalho - 2009 - Foundations of Physics 39 (11):1273-1279.
    It is shown that the Riemannian curvature of the 3-dimensional hypersurfaces in space-time, described by the Wilson loop integral, can be represented by a quaternion quantum operator induced by the SU(2) gauge potential, thus providing a justification for quaternion quantum gravity at the Tev energy scale.
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  33. Examining the Relationship of C. S. Peirce’s Semiotic and D. Winnicott’s Transitional Phenomena and Playing.Paulo Duarte Guimarães Filho - 2017 - Cognitio 18 (1):69.
    Inicialmente, considera-se como as possibilidades de relações entre a psicanálise e a filosofia de Peirce têm sido objeto de trabalhos de filósofos e psicanalistas. São destacadas as noções de Winnicott sobre os objetos e fenômenos transicionais e o brincar, como uma área de particular interesse para o estudo dessas relações, dadas suas ligações com a filosofia de Peirce. É, então, indicado como Winnicott faz referência às relações da simbolização com os objetos e fenômenos transicionais e indica como um “full understanding” (...)
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  34.  12
    Explaining Knowledge: New Essays on the Gettier Problem.Rodrigo Borges, Claudio de Almeida & Peter D. Klein (eds.) - 2017 - Oxford University Press.
    The 'Gettier Problem' has been central to epistemology since 1963, when Edmund Gettier presented a powerful challenge to the standard analysis of knowledge. Now twenty-six leading philosophers examine the issues that arise from Gettier's challenge, setting the agenda for future work on the central problem of epistemology.
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  35.  24
    The Art of Letters, Lu Chi's “Wen Fu,” A.D. 302. By E. R. Hughes. (Pantheon Books Inc., New York, 1951. Pp. Xviii + 261. Price $4.50.). [REVIEW]J. J. Y. Liu - 1953 - Philosophy 28 (104):75-.
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  36. The Art of Letters, Lu Chi's "Wen Fu," A.D. 302.E. R. Hughes - 1953 - Philosophy 28 (104):75-75.
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  37.  26
    Lü-Shih Ch'un-Ch'iu is A Reaction Against Shang Yang's Reforms.Shih Chung - 1976 - Contemporary Chinese Thought 7 (4):21-34.
    Lü-shih ch'un-ch'iu [Spring and Autumn of the House of Lü] appeared on the scene in 239 B.C. This was the latter part of the Warring States period. Our country's transition from slavery to feudalism had already been basically completed, but chaotic wars of secession among the feudal princes still occurred. Remnant forces of the slave system were still quite strong, and the restoration-counterrestoration struggle between the declining slave-owning class and the newly emerging landlord class was proceeding violently. Lü Pu-wei was (...)
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  38.  6
    Square Biphasic Pulse Deep Brain Stimulation for Parkinson’s Disease: The BiP-PD Study.Sol De Jesus, Michael S. Okun, Kelly D. Foote, Daniel Martinez-Ramirez, Jaimie A. Roper, Chris J. Hass, Leili Shahgholi, Umer Akbar, Aparna Wagle Shukla, Robert S. Raike & Leonardo Almeida - 2019 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 13.
  39.  35
    Evaluation of Medication Errors Via a Computerized Physician Order Entry System in an Inpatient Renal Transplant Unit.K. Marfo, D. Garcia, S. Khalique, K. Berger & A. Lu - 2011 - Transplant Research and Risk Management 2011.
    Kwaku Marfo, Danielle Garcia, Saira Khalique, Karen Berger, Amy LuMontefiore Medical Center, Bronx, NY, USABackground: Medication errors are a prime concern for all in healthcare. As such the use of information technologies in drug prescribing and administration has received considerable attention in recent years, with the hope of improving patient safety. Because of the complexity of drug regimens in renal transplant patients, occurrence of medication errors is inevitable even with a well adopted computerized physician order entering system. Our objective was (...)
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  40.  21
    Social Reality and Lu Jiuyuan (1139-1193).Anne D. Birdwhistell - 1997 - Philosophy East and West 47 (1):47-65.
    A theoretical reconstruction of Lu Jiuyuan's view of the nature of human beings and their world is offered. Rejecting the widespread effort to distinguish among such concepts as xing ("human nature"), xin ("heart-mind"), and li ("pattern"), Lu regarded all such concepts as ultimately having the same referent, namely the inherent capability of humans and all things to produce and maintain order and, consequently, existence. Most often using the terms li and xin, Lu regarded li as the patterns of all activities, (...)
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  41. The Influence Mechanism of Different Cash Flow Availability on R&D Investment: Evidence From China.Xiaobo Wu, Ye Hua & Hao Lu - 2022 - Complexity 2022:1-14.
    It has been widely assumed and proven that a firm’s research and development investment is limited if the availability of cash flow is constrained. The purpose of this study is to verify the opposite proposition: whether firms invest heavily in R&D when more cash flow is available. This paper discusses the heterogeneous relationship between cash flow from different sources and the R&D investment of firms. The study divides the firm’s cash flow into three categories according to the business activities that (...)
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  42.  22
    La question du droit d’intervention chez Kant et l’expérience américaine de la guerre préventive : le paradoxe.Margit Ruffing, Guido A. De Almeida, Ricardo R. Terra & Valerio Rohden - 2008 - In Margit Ruffing, Guido A. De Almeida, Ricardo R. Terra & Valerio Rohden (eds.), Recht Und Frieden in der Philosophie Kantslaw and Peace in Kant’s Philosophy: Akten des X. Internationalen Kant-Kongresses. Walter de Gruyter.
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  43.  52
    Liberal Culturalism and the National Minority/Immigrant Dichotomy.Catherine Lu - 2015 - Les ateliers de l'éthique/The Ethics Forum 10 (2):169-173.
    Catherine Lu | : Is the discrepancy between the cultural and linguistic rights of immigrants on the one hand and national groups on the other justified, with the latter group typically enjoying a fuller set of such rights than the former category? Patten presents a case for accepting some modest departures from neutrality in the treatment of immigrants’ cultural rights and that of majority and minority national groups. I challenge his thesis by asking whether such departures are justified with respect (...)
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  44.  12
    Democracia Em Crise: Biopolítica E Governamento Neoliberal de Populações.André de Macedo Duarte - 2020 - Educação E Filosofia 33 (68):527-562.
    Resumo: Este texto discute a hipótese de que a crise das democracias contemporâneas é indissociável de dois fenômenos políticos distintos, porém correlatos, analisados a partir das teorizações de Michel Foucault sobre a biopolítica e o neoliberalismo: a) a crescente disseminação de atos e discursos de violência, de ódio e de preconceito contra populações vulneráveis, obedecendo à lógica biopolítica da proteção da vida de alguns ao custo da exposição à morte de vastas parcelas da população; b) a disseminação de políticas neoliberais (...)
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  45.  9
    Avez-vous lu Rawls ?Bjarne Melkevik - 1997 - Philosophiques 24 (1):59-70.
    RÉSUMÉ Dans ce texte, l'auteur analyse et réfléchit sur la critique posée par le philosophe allemand Jürgen Habermas à l'encontre du libéralisme politique de son homologue américain John Rawls. Insistant sur quelques thèmes clés, l'auteur se penche, dans un premier temps, sur la critique formulée à l'encontre du modèle d'autonomie politique et individuelle développé par Rawls. Dans un deuxième temps, il examine la position habermasienne à l'égard du discours deformation des normes élaboré par Rawls. Cette étude fait ressortir certaines lacunes (...)
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  46.  2
    The Welfare Effects of Tobacco Taxation: Estimates for 5 Countries/Regions.Jordi Prat, Gonglu Lu, Hyongwon Kim & Deepak Lal - 2003 - Journal des Economistes Et des Etudes Humaines 13 (1).
    This paper provides estimates of the economic welfare effects of tobacco taxation in India, S.Africa, S.Korea, Japan and the European Union. It argues that past studies of the cost-benefits of smoking are flawed as they fail to net out Paretoirrelevant pecuniary externalities. It estimates tobacco demand for both the myopic and rational addiction models and finds the latter invariably perform better. It finds that the net welfare losses associated with current tax levels an increase over current taxation of 10% and (...)
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  47. Is It Impossible to Be Moral?Michael J. Almeida - 2005 - Dialogue 44 (1):3-13.
    Recent work in moral theory includes an intriguing new argument that the vagueness of moral properties, together with two well-known and well-received metaethical principles, entails the incredible conclusion that it is impossible to be moral. I show that the argument equivocates between “it is true that A and B are morally indistinguishable” and “it is not false that A and B are morally indistinguishable.” As expected the argument is interesting but unsound. It is therefore not impossible to be moral.Les travaux (...)
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  48.  2
    Humanitarian Intervention: Nomos Xlvii.Terry Nardin & Melissa S. Williams (eds.) - 2005 - New York University Press.
    Somalia, Haiti, Bosnia, and Kosovo. All are examples where humanitarian intervention has been called into action. This timely and important new volume explores the legal and moral issues which emerge when a state uses military force in order to protect innocent people from violence perpetrated or permitted by the government of that state. Humanitarian intervention can be seen as a moral duty to protect but it is also subject to misuse as a front for imperialism without regard to international law. (...)
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  49.  22
    Is It Impossible to Be Moral?Michael J. Almeida - 2005 - Dialogue 44 (1):3-13.
    ABSTRACT: Recent work in moral theory includes an intriguing new argument that the vagueness of moral properties, together with two well-known and well-received metaethical principles, entails the incredible conclusion that it is impossible to be moral. I show that the argument equivocates between “it is true that A and B are morally indistinguishable” and “it is not false that A and B are morally indistinguishable.” As expected the argument is interesting but unsound. It is therefore not impossible to be moral.RÉSUMÉ: (...)
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  50.  14
    Productivity of CNPq Researchers From Different Fields in Biomedical Sciences: The Need for Objective Bibliometric Parameters—A Report From Brazil.Jean Paul Kamdem, Daniel Henrique Roos, Adekunle Adeniran Sanmi, Luciana Calabró, Amos Olalekan Abolaji, Cláudia Sirlene de Oliveira, Luiz Marivando Barros, Antonia Eliene Duarte, Nilda Vargas Barbosa, Diogo Onofre Souza & João Batista Teixeira Rocha - 2019 - Science and Engineering Ethics 25 (4):1037-1055.
    In Brazil, the CNPq provides grants, funds and fellowships to productive scientists to support their investigations. They are ranked and categorized into four hierarchical levels ranging from PQ 1A to PQ 1D. Few studies, however, report and analyse scientific productivity in different sub-fields of Biomedical Sciences, e.g., Biochemistry, Pharmacology, Biophysics and Physiology. In fact, systematic comparisons of productivity among the PQ 1 categories within the above sub-fields are lacking in the literature. Here, the scientific productivity of 323 investigators receiving PQ (...)
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