Results for 'Louis M. Smith'

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  1.  18
    Book Review Section 2. [REVIEW]Louis M. Smith, Douglas J. Stanwyck, William M. Stallings, Karl Joseph Jost, Iii Vaughn, Charles Weingartner, Robert R. Sherman, William E. Bickel, Bruce Beezer & Clinton B. Allison - 1984 - Educational Studies 15 (1):52-92.
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  2.  16
    Memory and the Brain: A Retrospective.Heather Bortfeld, Steven M. Smith & Louis G. Tassinary - 2006 - Cognition and Emotion 20 (7):1027-1045.
  3. "D'Ooge", M. L., Robbins, F. E., Karpinski, L. C., Nicomachus of Gerasa, Introduction to Arithmetic. Translated Into English by Martin Luther D'Ooge, With Studies in Greek Arithmetic by Frank Eggleston Robbins and Louis Charles Karpinski. [REVIEW]D. E. Smith - 1928 - Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 22:22-24.
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  4.  60
    Ethical Theory: Classical and Contemporary Readings.Louis P. Pojman - 1995 - Wadsworth.
    Part I: WHAT IS ETHICS? Plato: Socratic Morality: Crito. Suggestions for Further Reading. Part II: ETHICAL RELATIVISM VERSUS ETHICAL OBJECTIVISM. Herodotus: Custom is King. Thomas Aquinas: Objectivism: Natural Law. Ruth Benedict: A Defense of Ethical Relativism. Louis Pojman: A Critique of Ethical Relativism. Gilbert Harman: Moral Relativism Defended. Alan Gewirth: The Objective Status of Human Rights. Suggestions for Further Reading. Part III: MORALITY, SELF-INTEREST AND FUTURE SELVES. Plato: Why Be Moral? Richard Taylor: On the Socratic Dilemma. David Gauthier: Morality (...)
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  5.  62
    Subjective Rightness: Holly M. Smith.Holly M. Smith - 2010 - Social Philosophy and Policy 27 (2):64-110.
    Twentieth century philosophers introduced the distinction between “objective rightness” and “subjective rightness” to achieve two primary goals. The first goal is to reduce the paradoxical tension between our judgments of what is best for an agent to do in light of the actual circumstances in which she acts and what is wisest for her to do in light of her mistaken or uncertain beliefs about her circumstances. The second goal is to provide moral guidance to an agent who may be (...)
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  6.  19
    Comprehension of Sentences by Bottlenosed Dolphins.Louis M. Herman, Douglas G. Richards & James P. Wolz - 1984 - Cognition 16 (2):129-219.
  7.  41
    Phenomenology of Perception.Aron Gurwitsch, M. Merleau-Ponty & Colin Smith - 1964 - Philosophical Review 73 (3):417.
  8.  84
    The Morality of Embryo Use.Louis M. Guenin - 2008 - Cambridge University Press.
    Is it permissible to use a human embryo in stem cell research, or in general as a means for benefit of others? Acknowledging each embryo as an object of moral concern, Louis M.Guenin argues that it is morally permissible to decline intrauterine transfer of an embryo formed outside the body, and that from this permission and the duty of beneficence, there follows a consensus justification for using donated embryos in service of humanitarian ends. He then proceeds to show how (...)
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  9. Measuring the Consequences of Rules: Holly M. Smith.Holly M. Smith - 2010 - Utilitas 22 (4):413-433.
    Recently two distinct forms of rule-utilitarianism have been introduced that differ on how to measure the consequences of rules. Brad Hooker advocates fixed-rate rule-utilitarianism, while Michael Ridge advocates variable-rate rule-utilitarianism. I argue that both of these are inferior to a new proposal, optimum-rate rule-utilitarianism. According to optimum-rate rule-utilitarianism, an ideal code is the code whose optimum acceptance level is no lower than that of any alternative code. I then argue that all three forms of rule-utilitarianism fall prey to two fatal (...)
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  10. Intelligence and Rational Behaviour in the Bottle-Nosed Dolphin.Louis M. Herman - 2006 - In Susan Hurley & Matthew Nudds (eds.), Rational Animals? Oxford University Press.
     
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  11. Intellectual Honesty.Louis M. Guenin - 2005 - Synthese 145 (2):177-232.
    Engaging a listener’s trust imposes moral demands upon a presenter in respect of truthtelling and completeness. An agent lies by an utterance that satisfies what are herein defined as signal and mendacity conditions; an agent deceives when, in satisfaction of those conditions, the agent’s utterances contribute to a false belief or thwart a true one. I advert to how we may fool ourselves in observation and in the perception of our originality. Communication with others depends upon a convention or practice (...)
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  12.  9
    Responses to Anomalous Gestural Sequences by a Language-Trained Dolphin: Evidence for Processing of Semantic Relations and Syntactic Information.Louis M. Herman, Stan A. Kuczaj & Mark D. Holder - 1993 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 122 (2):184.
  13.  18
    Modes of Adjointness.M. Menni & C. Smith - 2013 - Journal of Philosophical Logic (2-3):1-27.
    The fact that many modal operators are part of an adjunction is probably folklore since the discovery of adjunctions. On the other hand, the natural idea of a minimal propositional calculus extended with a pair of adjoint operators seems to have been formulated only very recently. This recent research, mainly motivated by applications in computer science, concentrates on technical issues related to the calculi and not on the significance of adjunctions in modal logic. It then seems a worthy enterprise (both (...)
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  14.  42
    Bottlenose Dolphins Understand Relationships Between Concepts.Louis M. Herman, Robert K. Uyeyama & Adam A. Pack - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (2):139-140.
    We dispute Penn et al.'s claim of the sharp functional discontinuity between humans and nonhumans with evidence in bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) of higher-order generalizations: spontaneous integration of previously learned rules and concepts in response to novel stimuli. We propose that species-general explanations that are in approach are more plausible than Penn et al.'s innatist approach of a genetically prespecified supermodule.
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  15. The Nonindividuation Argument Against Zygotic Personhood.Louis M. Guenin - 2006 - Philosophy 81 (317):463-503.
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  16. Norms for Patents Concerning Human and Other Life Forms.Louis M. Guenin - 1996 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 17 (3).
    The rationale of patents on transgenic organisms leads to the startling notion of the human qua infringement. The moral reasons by which we may tenably reject such notion are not conclusive as to human life forms outside the body. A close look at recombinant DNA experimentation reveals ingenious processes, but not entities that the body lacks. Except for artificial genes, the genes of biotechnology are found on chromosomes, albeit nonconsecutively, and their uninterrupted transcripts appear in messenger RNA. An enhanced form (...)
     
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  17.  10
    Making Morality Work By Holly M. Smith.Holly M. Smith - 2022 - Analysis 81 (4):729-731.
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  18. Philosophy of Education. Supplement [by] Christiana M. Smith and Harry S. Broudy.Harry S. Broudy & Christiana M. Smith - 1969 - University of Illinois Press.
     
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  19.  12
    Erratum to Monti and Smith.Peter M. Monti & Nelson F. Smith - 1976 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 105 (3):293-293.
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  20. The Induction of Relational Rules by a Network.M. Gasser & Lb Smith - 1989 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 27 (6):525-525.
     
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  21.  13
    Conclusion: Plea for a Real Epistemic Pluralism.Louis M. Imbeau - 2012 - Social Science Information 51 (2):301-307.
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  22.  25
    A Study of the Effects of Verbalization on Problem Solving.Robert M. Gagné & Ernest C. Smith - 1962 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 63 (1):12.
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  23.  4
    Bottlenosed Dolphin and Human Recognition of Veridical and Degraded Video Displays of an Artificial Gestural Language.Louis M. Herman, Palmer Morrel-Samuels & Adam A. Pack - 1990 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 119 (2):215-230.
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  24. Ontology and Geographic Objects: An Empirical Study of Cognitive Categorization.David M. Mark, Barry Smith & Barbara Tversky - 1999 - In C. Freksa & David M. Mark (eds.), Spatial Information Theory. Cognitive and Computational Foundations of Geographic Information Science (Lecture Notes in Computer Science 1661). pp. 283-298.
    Cognitive categories in the geographic realm appear to manifest certain special features as contrasted with categories for objects at surveyable scales. We have argued that these features reflect specific ontological characteristics of geographic objects. This paper presents hypotheses as to the nature of the features mentioned, reviews previous empirical work on geographic categories, and presents the results of pilot experiments that used English-speaking subjects to test our hypotheses. Our experiments show geographic categories to be similar to their non-geographic counterparts in (...)
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  25. Work and Waste: Political Economy and Natural Philosophy in Nineteenth Century Britain (II).M. Norton & Crosbie Smith - forthcoming - History of Science.
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  26.  20
    Scientific Reasoning and Due Process.Louis M. Guenin & Bernard D. Davis - 1996 - Science and Engineering Ethics 2 (1):47-54.
    Recent public hearings on misconduct charges belie the conjecture that due process will perforce defeat informed scientific reasoning. One notable case that reviewed an obtuse description of experimental methods displays some of the subtleties of differentiating carelessness from intent to deceive. There the decision of a studious nonscientist panel managed to reach sensible conclusions despite conflicting expert testimony. The significance of such a result may be to suggest that to curtail due process would be both objectionable and unproductive.
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  27.  45
    Dialogue Concerning Natural Appropriation.Louis M. Guenin - 2003 - Synthese 136 (3):321-336.
    Two utilitarian defenses, traceable to Bentham and Mill, are commonly offered for patents. It is contended that patents induce innovation, and that patents induce disclosure of innovation. Patents on some or all of the human genome pose particular challenges for these defenses. In the first instance, patents on nucleotide sequences entail the perverse notion of human reproduction qua infringement. In the second place, when such patents are available, the two defenses involve a counterfactual claim, viz., that if there were no (...)
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  28. ‘Wholly Present’ Defined.Thomas M. Crisp & Donald P. Smith - 2005 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 71 (2):318–344.
    Three-dimensionalists , sometimes referred to as endurantists, think that objects persist through time by being “wholly present” at every time they exist. But what is it for something to be wholly present at a time? It is surprisingly difficult to say. The threedimensionalist is free, of course, to take ‘is wholly present at’ as one of her theory’s primitives, but this is problematic for at least one reason: some philosophers claim not to understand her primitive. Clearly the three-dimensionalist would be (...)
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  29.  41
    Natural Selection at the Mjd Locus: Phenotypic Diversity, Survival and Fertility Among Machado-Joseph Disease Patients From the Azores.M. Lima, M. Smith, C. Silva, A. Abade, F. Mayer & P. Coutinho - 2001 - Journal of Biosocial Science 33 (3):361-373.
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  30.  35
    Alexander Hamilton Today.Louis M. Hacker - 1957 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 32 (2):224-238.
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  31.  20
    David M. Smith, Ed., The Heads of Religious Houses, England and Wales, 3: 1377–1540. Cambridge, Eng., and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2008. Pp. Xciv, 817. $240.Richard W. Pfaff - 2009 - Speculum 84 (4):1111-1112.
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  32.  34
    Body and Self in Dolphins.Louis M. Herman - 2012 - Consciousness and Cognition 21 (1):526-545.
    In keeping with recent views of consciousness of self as represented in the body in action, empirical studies are reviewed that demonstrate a bottlenose dolphin’s conscious awareness of its own body and body parts, implying a representational “body image” system. Additional work reviewed demonstrates an advanced capability of dolphins for motor imitation of self-produced behaviors and of behaviors of others, including imitation of human actions, supporting hypotheses that dolphins have a sense of agency and ownership of their actions and may (...)
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  33. Biomedizinische Ontologien für die Praxis.M. Brochhausen & Barry Smith - 2009 - European Journal for Biomedical Informatics 1.
    Hintergrund: Biomedizinische Ontologien existieren unter anderem zur Integration von klinischen und experimentellen Daten. Um dies zu erreichen ist es erforderlich, dass die fraglichen Ontologien von einer großen Zahl von Benutzern zur Annotation von Daten verwendet werden. Wie können Ontologien das erforderliche Maß an Benutzerfreundlichkeit, Zuverlässigkeit, Kosteneffektivität und Domänenabdeckung erreichen, um weitreichende Akzeptanz herbeizuführen? -/- Material und Methoden: Wir konzentrieren uns auf zwei unterschiedliche Strategien, die zurzeit hierbei verfolgt werden. Eine davon wird von SNOMED CT im Bereich der Medizin vertreten, die (...)
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  34.  20
    One Galileo is Enough: Some Aspects of Current Population Problems.Louis M. Hellman - 1965 - The Eugenics Review 57 (4):161.
  35.  29
    Distributive Justice in Competitive Access to Intercollegiate Athletic Teams Segregated by Sex.Louis M. Guenin - 1997 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 16 (4):347-372.
    A theory of justice for the basic structure of society may constrain though not directly govern colleges. The principle of "equal opportunity" commonly applied to jobs either does or does not apply to varsity opportunities. If it applies, it interdicts sex discrimination but, one fallacious argument notwithstanding, it states no obligation to expend resources on new teams. If it does not apply, an analogue of Rawls's difference principle may appropriately constrain inequalities between the sexes. In either case the preferences of (...)
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  36.  51
    The Set Theoretic Ambit Of Arrow's Theorem.Louis M. Guenin - 2001 - Synthese 126 (3):443-472.
    Set theoretic formulation of Arrow's theorem, viewed in light of a taxonomy of transitive relations, serves to unmask the theorem's understated generality. Under the impress of the independence of irrelevant alternatives, the antipode of ceteris paribus reasoning, a purported compiler function either breaches some other rationality premise or produces the "effet Condorcet". Types of cycles, each the seeming handiwork of a virtual voter disdaining transitivity, are rigorously defined. Arrow's theorem erects a dilemma between cyclic indecision and dictatorship. Maneuvers responsive thereto (...)
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  37.  26
    Laboratory Evidence for Cultural Transmission Mechanisms.Louis M. Herman & Adam A. Pack - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (2):335-337.
    The mechanisms for cultural transmission remain disputable and difficult to validate through observational field studies alone. If controlled experimental laboratory investigation reveals that a putative mechanism is demonstrable in the species under study, then inferences that the same mechanism is operating in the field observation are strengthened.
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  38.  3
    In Defense of Tradition: Collected Shorter Writings of Richard M. Weaver, 1929-1963.Richard M. Weaver & Ted J. Smith - 2000
    Richard M Weaver, a thinker and writer celebrated for his unsparing diagnoses and realistic remedies for the ills of our age, is known largely through a few of his works that remain in print. This new collection of Weaver's shorter writings, assembled by Ted J Smith III, Weaver's leading biographer, presents many long-out-of-print and never-before-published works that give new range and depth to Weaver's sweeping thought. Included are eleven previously unpublished essays and speeches that were left in near-final form (...)
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  39.  19
    Comparative Effects of Retroactive and Proactive Interference in Motor Short-Term Memory.Louis M. Herman & David R. Bailey - 1970 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 86 (3):407.
  40.  4
    Daniel M. Smith, Dynasties and Democracy: The Inherited Incumbency Advantage in Japan Stanford University Press, 2018.Yosuke Sunahara - 2019 - Japanese Journal of Political Science 20 (4):240-242.
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  41.  10
    Preventive Medicine and Preventive Law: An Essay That Belongs to My Heart.Louis M. Brown - 1983 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 11 (5):220-223.
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  42.  13
    Alternative Dispute Resolution and Research Misconduct.Louis M. Guenin - 1997 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 6 (1):72-77.
    “Any bad settlement,” the wise patent litigator Elmer S. Albritton once observed, “is better than a good lawsuit.” Given the notorious strain of court proceedings and the recognition that settlement does not always prove attainable, a popular movement has recently arisen in favor of “alternative dispute resolution” . Indeed it has seemed to many who have participated as committee members, witnesses, or respondents in scientific misconduct cases that there ought to be some method of resolving such matters that is less (...)
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  43. Rogers M. Smith, Liberalism and American Constitutional Law. [REVIEW]Richard Flathman - 1987 - Philosophy in Review 7:85-88.
     
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  44.  14
    Mark M. Smith. Sensing the Past: Seeing, Hearing, Smelling, Tasting, and Touching in History. X + 180 Pp., Bibl., Index. Berkeley/Los Angeles: University of California Press, 2007. $19.95. [REVIEW]Jonathan Reinarz - 2009 - Isis 100 (1):146-147.
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  45.  11
    Effects of Second Signals Occurring After Response Selection on Responses to First Signals.Louis M. Herman & Barry H. Kantowitz - 1969 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 80 (3p1):570.
  46.  10
    Effects of Second Signals on Response Time to First Signals Under Certainty and Uncertainty.Louis M. Herman - 1969 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 80 (1):106.
  47.  7
    Erratum.Louis M. Guenin - 2007 - Philosophy 82 (319).
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  48.  9
    Preventive Medicine and Preventive Law: An Essay That Belongs to My Heart.Louis M. Brown - 1983 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 11 (5):220-223.
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  49.  10
    David M. Smith, Guide to Bishops' Registers of England and Wales: A Survey From the Middle Ages to the Abolition of Episcopacy in 1646. London: Royal Historical Society, 1981. Pp. Xvi, 286. £15. [REVIEW]R. H. Helmholz - 1982 - Speculum 57 (3):687.
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  50. Assessing Attitudes and Preferred Communication Methods Toward Forestry From a Statewide Survey of Mississippi Public School Teachers.Louis M. Capella, Stephen C. Grado & Marcus K. Measells - 2003 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 23 (6):436-443.
    Forest resources are important economic assets to Mississippi. Therefore, the forestry community needs to maintain viable relationships with key constituency groups such as teachers. The study’s objectives were to use focus groups and mail questionnaires to determine values, attitudes, and educational needs of Mississippi’s public school teachers toward forestry and forest industry. Most teachers had positive or somewhat positive attitudes toward forest industry. No significant differences were found between prekindergarten through 3rd- and 4th- through 8th-grade teachers, prekindergarten through 3rd- and (...)
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