Results for 'Loretta Petit'

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  1. Will the Queen's Shilling Be Followed by the Queen?Loretta Petit - 1982 - Journal of Thought 17 (2):81-87.
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  2.  11
    Book Review Section 2. [REVIEW]Spencer John Maxey, Hinshaw Jr, Richard A. Quantz, Dorothy Huenecke, Lyle K. Eddy, Neil R. Dauler-Phinney, Brian J. Spittle, E. Sidney Vaughan Iii, Loretta Petit, H. George Bonekemper & Kas Mazurek - 1981 - Educational Studies 11 (4):435-450.
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  3.  57
    Vagueness.Loretta Torrago - 1998 - Philosophical Review 107 (4):637.
    Consider an object or property a and the predicate F. Then a is vague if there are questions of the form: Is a F? that have no yes-or-no answers. In brief, vague properties and kinds have borderline instances and composite objects have borderline constituents. I'll use the expression "borderline cases" as a covering term for both. ;Having borderline cases is compatible with precision so long as every case is either borderline F, determinately F or determinately not F. Thus, in addition (...)
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  4.  30
    Children as Research Subjects: A Dilemma.Loretta M. Kopelman - 2000 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 25 (6):723-744.
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  5.  28
    Petition to Include Cephalopods as “Animals” Deserving of Humane Treatment Under the Public Health Service Policy on Humane Care and Use of Laboratory Animals.New England Anti-Vivisection Society, American Anti-Vivisection Society, The Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine, The Humane Society of the United States, Humane Society Legislative Fund, Jennifer Jacquet, Becca Franks, Judit Pungor, Jennifer Mather, Peter Godfrey-Smith, Lori Marino, Greg Barord, Carl Safina, Heather Browning & Walter Veit - forthcoming - Harvard Law School Animal Law and Policy Clinic:1–30.
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  6.  43
    Andrew Dobson: Trajectories of Green Political Theory Interview by Luc Semal, Mathilde Szuba and Olivier Petit.Andrew Dobson, Luc Semal, Mathilde Szuba & Olivier Petit - 2014 - Natures Sciences Sociétés 22 (2):132-141.
  7.  11
    Loretta McGregor.Marcia Eveleigh, John C. Syler & Stephen F. Davis - 1991 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 29 (4-6):320-322.
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  8.  13
    Canaries in the Ethical Coal Mine? Case Vignettes and Empirical Findings for How Psychology Leaders Have Adopted Twitter.Loretta L. C. Brady - 2016 - Ethics and Behavior 26 (2):110-127.
    Twitter, an online application, allows users to post microblog statements in real time. Have psychologists in leadership positions adopted Twitter? What ethical standards are navigated in doing so? Little research has examined the adoption rate of Twitter within a sample of psychologists. This article outlines a series of case vignettes depicting ethical dilemmas encountered by psychologists who adopt Twitter. Data reviewing Twitter adoption by professional psychologists who served as president within psychology advocacy organizations reveal higher adoption rates from student group (...)
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  9.  77
    Minimal Risk as an International Ethical Standard in Research.Loretta M. Kopelman - 2004 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 29 (3):351 – 378.
    Classifying research proposals by risk of harm is fundamental to the approval process and the most pivotal risk category in most regulations is that of “minimal risk.” If studies have no more than a minimal risk, for example, a nearly worldwide consensus exists that review boards may sometimes: (1) expedite review, (2) waive or modify some or all elements of informed consent, or (3) enroll vulnerable subjects including healthy children, incapacitated persons and prisoners even if studies do not hold out (...)
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  10.  64
    The Best Interests Standard for Incompetent or Incapacitated Persons of All Ages.Loretta M. Kopelman - 2007 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 35 (1):187-196.
    When making decisions for adults who lack decision-making capacity and have no discernable preferences, widespread support exists for using the Best Interests Standard. This policy appeals to adults and is compatible with many important recommendations for persons facing end-of-life choices.Common objections to the policy are discussed as well as different meanings of this Standard identified, such as using it to express goals or ideals and to make practical decisions incorporating what reasonable persons would want. For reasons of consistency, fairness, and (...)
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  11. Quantifying the Role of Rhythm in Infants' Language Discrimination Abilities: A Meta-Analysis.Loretta Gasparini, Alan Langus, Sho Tsuji & Natalie Boll-Avetisyan - forthcoming - Cognition:104757.
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  12.  17
    Petitioning the King: The Case of Provincial Printers in Eighteenth-Century France. [REVIEW]Hans V. Hansen & Jane McLeod - 2012 - Argumentation 26 (1):161-170.
    This essay studies an argumentative practice in eighteenth-century France by exploring the persuasiveness of some petitions to obtain printer licences. Those who wanted to enter the printing business in eighteenth-century France had to obtain licences from the King to do so. The French government had established limits to the number of printers it would permit to operate in the realm; hence, there was competition for any vacancy that became open. Thus, the context is that of trained printers in provincial towns, (...)
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  13.  13
    Use of a Medical Expert System in a Clinical Setting.Loretta Moore & John Snapper - 1990 - Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 20 (3):45.
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  14.  87
    Why Petition an Omnipotent, Omniscient, Wholly Good God?David Basinger - 1983 - Religious Studies 19 (1):25 - 41.
    Orthodox Christian theists frequently petition God in the sense that they ask him to bring about some state of affairs which they believe may not occur without divine intervention. Such petitions basically fall into three categories: requests in which the petitioner is asking God to influence significantly the natural environment – e.g. calm a hurricane, requests in which the petitioner is asking God to influence significantly the lives ofother individuals – e.g. reconcile the broken marriage of friends, and requests in (...)
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  15.  26
    Book Review: Whispers of Liberation: Feminist Perspectives on the New TestamentWhispers of Liberation: Feminist Perspectives on the New Testament by KingNicholasPaulist, New York, 1998. 189 Pp. $ 15.95. ISBN 0-8091-3816-6. [REVIEW]Loretta Dornisch - 2000 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 54 (1):96-96.
  16.  66
    Bioethics as a Second-Order Discipline: Who is Not a Bioethicist?Loretta Kopelman - 2006 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 31 (6):601 – 628.
    A dispute exists about whether bioethics should become a new discipline with its own methods, competency standards, duties, honored texts, and core curriculum. Unique expertise is a necessary condition for disciplines. Using the current literature, different views about the sort of expertise that might be unique to bioethicists are critically examined to determine if there is an expertise that might meet this requirement. Candidates include analyses of expertise based in "philosophical ethics," "casuistry," "atheoretical or situation ethics," "conventionalist relativism," "institutional guidance," (...)
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  17.  28
    Vague Causation.Loretta Torrago - 2000 - Noûs 34 (3):313–347.
  18. Book Review: God-Christ-Church: A Practical Guide to Process Theology. [REVIEW]Loretta Dornisch - 1984 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 38 (1):100-100.
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  19.  36
    Toward a Science of Brain Death.Andrew Peterson, Loretta Norton, Lorina Naci, Adrian M. Owen & Charles Weijer - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics 14 (8):29-31.
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  20.  6
    Children as Research Subjects: A Dilemma.Loretta M. Kopelman - 2000 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 25 (6):745-764.
    ABSTRACT A complex problem exists about how to promote the best interests of children as a group through research while protecting the rights and welfare of individual research subjects. The Nuremberg Code forbids studies without consent, eliminating most children as subjects, and the Declaration of Helsinki disallows non-therapeutic research on non-consenting subjects. Both codes are unreasonably restrictive. Another approach is represented by the Council for the International Organizations of Medical Science, the U.S. Federal Research Guidelines, and many other national policies. (...)
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  21. From the Office.Loretta Glass - 2008 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology:4.
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  22.  69
    Rejecting the Baby Doe Rules and Defending a "Negative" Analysis of the Best Interests Standard.Loretta Kopelman - 2005 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 30 (4):331 – 352.
    Two incompatible policies exist for guiding medical decisions for extremely premature, sick, or terminally ill infants, the Best Interests Standard and the newer, 20-year old "Baby Doe" Rules. The background, including why there were two sets of Baby Doe Rules, and their differences with the Best Interests Standard, are illustrated. Two defenses of the Baby Doe Rules are considered and rejected. The first, held by Reagan, Koop, and others, is a "right-to-life" defense. The second, held by some leaders of the (...)
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  23. Loretta J. Ross.I. Homage - 1993 - In Stanlie M. James & Abena P. A. Busia (eds.), Theorizing Black Feminisms: The Visionary Pragmatism of Black Women. Routledge. pp. 143.
     
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  24. Verità E Ricerca: La Gnoseologia di Romano Guardini a Confronto Con la Filosofia Del Senso Comune.Loretta Iannascoli - 2008 - Casa Editrice Leonardo da Vinci.
  25. Vagueness and Identity.Loretta Torrago - 1998 - The Paideia Archive: Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 10:125-129.
    The view that identity can be vague holds that there are statements of identity which are neither true nor false. The view that composition can be vague holds that unities can have borderline constituents — that is, elements that are neither parts nor non-parts of some larger unity. The case for vague identity is typically made by way of an argument for the vagueness of composition. In this paper, however, I argue that the thesis that composition can be vague is (...)
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  26.  47
    Vagueness and Identity.Loretta Torrago - 1999 - The Proceedings of the Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 1999:161-170.
    The view that identity can be vague is the view that there are statements of identity which are neither true or false. The view that composition can be vague is the view that unities can have borderline-constituents—elements that are neither parts nor non-parts of some larger unity. The case for vague identity is typically made by way of an argument for the vagueness of composition. In what follows, I argue that vague identity does not depend on the vagueness of composition; (...)
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  27.  7
    ‘Mon Petit Essai’: Émilie du Ch'telet’s Essai Sur L’Optique and Her Early Natural Philosophy.Bryce Gessell - 2019 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 27 (4):860-879.
    ABSTRACTÉmilie du Châtelet’s recently-discovered Essai sur l’optique offers new insights into her early natural philosophy. Here I analyse the Essai in detail, focusing on Du Châtelet’s use of attr...
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  28.  5
    Inside Parliament.Loretta Glass - 2009 - Ethos: Social Education Victoria 17 (3):36.
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  29.  12
    Why the Best Interest Standard Is Not Self-Defeating, Too Individualistic, Unknowable, Vague or Subjective.Loretta M. Kopelman - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (8):34-36.
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  30. The Conference Conundrum.Loretta Glass - 2008 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology:6.
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  31.  5
    The Classical Bizarrerie: Filarete's Contribution to the Renaissance Theatrical Scene.Loretta Vandi - 2007 - Mediaevalia 28 (2):83-101.
  32.  44
    Using the Best Interests Standard to Decide Whether to Test Children for Untreatable, Late-Onset Genetic Diseases.Loretta M. Kopelman - 2007 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 32 (4):375 – 394.
    A new analysis of the Best Interests Standard is given and applied to the controversy about testing children for untreatable, severe late-onset genetic diseases, such as Huntington's disease or Alzheimer's disease. A professional consensus recommends against such predictive testing, because it is not in children's best interest. Critics disagree. The Best Interests Standard can be a powerful way to resolve such disputes. This paper begins by analyzing its meaning into three necessary and jointly sufficient conditions showing it: is an "umbrella" (...)
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  33.  7
    Self-Perception of Personality Characteristics and the Type A Behavior Pattern.Loretta McGregor, Marcia Eveleigh, John C. Syler & Stephen F. Davis - 1991 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 29 (4):320-322.
  34.  11
    What Conditions Justify Risky Nontherapeutic or "No Benefit" Pediatric Studies: A Sliding Scale Analysis.Loretta M. Kopelman - 2004 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 32 (4):749-758.
    Many pediatric research regulations, including those of the United States, the Council for International Organizations of Medical Science, and South Africa, offer similar rules for review board approval of higher hazard studies holding out no therapeutic or direct benefit to children with disorders or conditions. Authorization requires gaining parental permissions and the children’s assent, if that is possible, and showing that these studies are intended to gain vitally important and generalizable information about children’s conditions; it also requires limiting the risks (...)
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  35.  39
    (In)Quest of Liberal Feminism.Loretta Kensinger - 1997 - Hypatia 12 (4):178 - 197.
    I am interested in exploring the usefulness and limits of traditional categories of feminist theory, such as those laid out by Alison Jaggar (1977; 1983). I begin the analysis by critically comparing various treatments of liberal feminism. I focus throughout this investigation on uncovering ways that current frameworks privilege white authors and concerns, recreate the split between theory and activism, and obscure long histories of theoretical and practical coalition and alliance work.
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  36.  3
    Petit Manuel D'Inesthétique.Alain Badiou - 1998
    Didactisme, romantisme, classicisme sont les schèmes possibles du noeud entre art et philosophie, le tiers terme de ce noeud étant l'éducation des sujets, et singulièrement de la jeunesse. Or, ce qui caractérise à mon sens notre siècle finissant est que, tout en ayant éprouvé la saturation de ces trois schèmes, il n'en a pas introduit de nouveau. Ce qui tend à produire, aujourd'hui, une sorte de dénouage des termes, un dé-rapport désespéré entre l'art et la philosophie, et la chute pure (...)
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  37.  43
    Le Petit Theatre de Renoir, on Martin O'Shaughnessy Jean Renoir.Michael Abecassis - 2004 - Film-Philosophy 8 (1).
    Martin O'Shaughnessy _Jean Renoir_ Manchester and New York: Manchester University Press, 2000 ISBN 0719050626 hb; 0719050634 pb 251 pp.
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  38.  54
    Using a New Analysis of the Best Interests Standard to Address Cultural Disputes: Whose Data, Which Values?Loretta M. Kopelman & Arthur E. Kopelman - 2007 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 28 (5):373-391.
    Clinicians sometimes disagree about how much to honor surrogates’ deeply held cultural values or traditions when they differ from those of the host country. Such a controversy arose when parents requested a cultural accommodation to let their infant die by withdrawing life saving care. While both the parents and clinicians claimed to be using the Best Interests Standard to decide what to do, they were at an impasse. This standard is analyzed into three necessary and jointly sufficient conditions and used (...)
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  39.  11
    What Conditions Justify Risky Nontherapeutic or “No Benefit” Pediatric Studies: A Sliding Scale Analysis.Loretta M. Kopelman - 2004 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 32 (4):749-758.
    Many pediatric research regulations, including those of the United States, the Council for International Organizations of Medical Science, and South Africa, offer similar rules for review board approval of higher hazard studies holding out no therapeutic or direct benefit to children with disorders or conditions. Authorization requires gaining parental permissions and the children’s assent, if that is possible, and showing that these studies are intended to gain vitally important and generalizable information about children’s conditions; it also requires limiting the risks (...)
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  40.  19
    Similarities and Differences Between “Traditional” and “Nontraditional” College Students in Selected Personality Characteristics.Loretta McGregor, Holly R. Miller, Mechelle A. Mayleben, Victoria L. Buzzanga, Stephen F. Davis & Angela H. Becker - 1991 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 29 (2):128-130.
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  41.  23
    Pediatric Research Regulations Under Legal Scrutiny: Grimes Narrows Their Interpretation.Loretta M. Kopelman - 2002 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 30 (1):38-49.
    In Grimes v. Kennedy Krieger Institute, the Maryland Court of Appeals considered whether it is possible for investigators or research entities to have a special relationship with subjects, thereby creating a duty of care that could, if breached, give rise to an action in negligence. The research under review, the Lead Abatement and Repair & Maintenance Study, was conducted from 1993 to 1996 by investigators at the Kennedy Krieger Institute, an affiliate of Johns Hopkins University.After briefly discussing the case at (...)
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  42.  7
    Pediatric Research Regulations Under Legal Scrutiny: Grimes Narrows Their Interpretation.Loretta M. Kopelman - 2002 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 30 (1):38-49.
    In Grimes v. Kennedy Krieger Institute, the Maryland Court of Appeals considered whether it is possible for investigators or research entities to have a special relationship with subjects, thereby creating a duty of care that could, if breached, give rise to an action in negligence. The research under review, the Lead Abatement and Repair & Maintenance Study, was conducted from 1993 to 1996 by investigators at the Kennedy Krieger Institute, an affiliate of Johns Hopkins University.After briefly discussing the case at (...)
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  43. Petit Larceny, the Beginning of All Sin: Augustine’s Theft of the Pears.Scott Macdonald - 2003 - Faith and Philosophy 20 (4):393-414.
    In his reflections on his adolescent theft of a neighbor’s pears, Augustine first claims that he did it just because it was wicked. But he then worries that there is something unacceptable in that claim. Some readers have found in this account Augustine’s rejection of the principle that all voluntary action is done for the sake of some perceived good. I argue that Augustine intends his case to call the principle into question, but that he does not ultimately reject it. (...)
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  44.  9
    The Incompatibility of the United Nations' Goals and Conventionalist Ethical Relativism.Phd Loretta M. Kopelman - 2005 - Developing World Bioethics 5 (3):234–243.
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  45.  1
    Can Feminism Survive a Third Term?Loretta Loach - 1987 - Feminist Review 27 (1):23-35.
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  46.  24
    What is Applied About "Applied" Philosophy?Loretta M. Kopelman - 1990 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 15 (2):199-218.
    "Applied" is a technical term describing a variety of new philosophical enterprises. The author examines and rejects the view that these fields are derivative. Whatever principles, judgments, or background theories that are employed to solve problems in these areas are either changed by how they are used, or at least the possibility exists of their being changed. Hence we ought to stop calling these endeavors "applied", or agree that the meaning of "apply" will have to include the possibility that what (...)
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  47.  11
    On Pellegrino and Thomasma’s Admission of a Dilemma and Inconsistency.Loretta M. Kopelman - 2019 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 44 (6):677-697.
    Edmund Pellegrino and David Thomasma’s writings have had a worldwide impact on discourse about the philosophy of medicine, professionalism, bioethics, healthcare ethics, and patients’ rights. Given their works’ importance, it is surprising that commentators have ignored their admission of an unresolved and troubling dilemma and inconsistency in their theory. The purpose of this article is to identify and state what problems worried them and to consider possible solutions. It is argued that their dilemma stems from their concerns about how to (...)
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  48.  38
    The Incompatibility of the United Nations’ Goals and Conventionalist Ethical Relativism.Loretta M. Kopelman - 2005 - Developing World Bioethics 5 (3):234-243.
    ABSTRACTThe Universal Draft Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights seeks to provide moral direction to nations and their citizens on a series of bioethical concerns. In articulating principles, it ranks respect for human rights, human dignity and fundamental freedoms ahead of respect for cultural diversity and pluralism. This ranking is controversial because it entails the rejection of the popular theory, conventionalist ethical relativism. If consistently defended, this theory also undercuts other United Nations activities that assume member states and people around (...)
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  49.  16
    Moral Problems in Assessing Research Risk.Loretta M. Kopelman - 2000 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 22 (5):3.
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  50.  24
    On Justifying Pediatric Research Without the Prospect of Clinical Benefit.Loretta M. Kopelman - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (1):32 - 34.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 12, Issue 1, Page 32-34, January 2012.
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