Results for 'Loie Gervais'

137 found
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  1.  2
    International Students’ Knowledge and Emotions Related to Academic Integrity at Canadian Postsecondary Institutions.Lisa Vogt, Loie Gervais, Brenda M. Stoesz & Hafizat Sanni-Anibire - 2021 - International Journal for Educational Integrity 17 (1).
    This study investigated the knowledge of academic integrity and associated emotions of a small sample of international students studying at Canadian postsecondary institutions using survey methodology. Depending on the survey item, 25–60 participants provided responses. Many respondents appeared knowledgeable about academic integrity and misconduct and reported that expectations in their home countries and in Canada were similar. There was, however, disagreement on the concept of duplicate submission/self-plagiarism, indicating an important gap in educating students about specific aspects of policy in postsecondary (...)
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  2.  15
    The Multiplicity of Explanation in Cognitive Science.Raoul Gervais - 2021 - Foundations of Science 26 (4):1089–1104.
    In this paper, I argue that explaining cognitive behavior can be achieved through what I call hybrid explanatory inferences: inferences that posit mechanisms, but also draw on observed regularities. Moreover, these inferences can be used to achieve unification, in the sense developed by Allen Newel in his work on cognitive architectures. Thus, it seems that explanatory pluralism and unification do not rule out each other in cognitive science, but rather that the former represents a way to achieve the latter.
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  3.  51
    The Origins of Religious Disbelief.Ara Norenzayan & Will M. Gervais - 2013 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 17 (1):20-25.
  4.  28
    Making Sense of "Absence": Towards a Typology of Absence in Social Representations Theory and Research.Marie‐Claude Gervais, Nicola Morant & Gemma Penn - 1999 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 29 (4):419–444.
    Identifying, locating and interpreting both what is present and what is not present in theory and data lies at the core of scientific practice. Most experienced researchers know that social reality and psychological phenomena cannot always be apprehended directly, and that the forces that shape them must often be inferred rather than positively demonstrated. Yet, the important analytical problems raised by “absence” have rarely occupied the centre stage in professional journals. The aim of this paper is to sensitise researchers to (...)
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  5.  27
    Gervais Deschênes, Le Loisir : Une Quête de Sens. Essais de Théologie Pratique. Québec, Les Presses de l'Université Laval, 2007, Xv-288 P.Gervais Deschênes, Le Loisir : Une Quête de Sens. Essais de Théologie Pratique. Québec, Les Presses de l'Université Laval, 2007, Xv-288 P. [REVIEW]Marcel Viau - 2009 - Laval Théologique et Philosophique 65 (2):382-383.
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  6.  84
    The Covering Law Model Applied to Dynamical Cognitive Science: A Comment on Joel Walmsley.Raoul Gervais & Erik Weber - 2011 - Minds and Machines 21 (1):33-39.
    In a 2008 paper, Walmsley argued that the explanations employed in the dynamical approach to cognitive science, as exemplified by the Haken, Kelso and Bunz model of rhythmic finger movement, and the model of infant preservative reaching developed by Esther Thelen and her colleagues, conform to Carl Hempel and Paul Oppenheim’s deductive-nomological model of explanation (also known as the covering law model). Although we think Walmsley’s approach is methodologically sound in that it starts with an analysis of scientific practice rather (...)
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  7.  11
    Override the Controversy: Analytic Thinking Predicts Endorsement of Evolution.Will M. Gervais - 2015 - Cognition 142:312-321.
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  8.  4
    GERVAIS, Richard, Dialectique et totalitarismeGERVAIS, Richard, Dialectique et totalitarisme.Philip Knee - 1991 - Laval Théologique et Philosophique 47 (1):139-142.
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  9.  31
    Introduction: Objectivity in Science.Jan Sprenger, Raoul Gervais & Matteo Colombo - 2017 - Synthese 194 (12):4641-4642.
  10.  9
    Odette Bernazzani, Benoît Lacroix, Santé mentale, santé spirituelle. Dialogue entre une psychiatre et un théologien. Montréal, Éditions Médiaspaul, 2014, 198 p.Odette Bernazzani, Benoît Lacroix, Santé mentale, santé spirituelle. Dialogue entre une psychiatre et un théologien. Montréal, Éditions Médiaspaul, 2014, 198 p. [REVIEW]Gervais Deschênes - 2014 - Laval Théologique et Philosophique 70 (2):387-388.
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  11.  43
    Plausibility Versus Richness in Mechanistic Models.Raoul Gervais & Erik Weber - 2013 - Philosophical Psychology 26 (1):139-152.
    In this paper we argue that in recent literature on mechanistic explanations, authors tend to conflate two distinct features that mechanistic models can have or fail to have: plausibility and richness. By plausibility, we mean the probability that a model is correct in the assertions it makes regarding the parts and operations of the mechanism, i.e., that the model is correct as a description of the actual mechanism. By richness, we mean the amount of detail the model gives about the (...)
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  12.  66
    Mechanistic and Non-Mechanistic Varieties of Dynamical Models in Cognitive Science: Explanatory Power, Understanding, and the ‘Mere Description’ Worry.Raoul Gervais - 2015 - Synthese 192 (1):43-66.
    In the literature on dynamical models in cognitive science, two issues have recently caused controversy. First, what is the relation between dynamical and mechanistic models? I will argue that dynamical models can be upgraded to be mechanistic as well, and that there are mechanistic and non-mechanistic dynamical models. Second, there is the issue of explanatory power. Since it is uncontested the mechanistic models can explain, I will focus on the non-mechanistic variety of dynamical models. It is often claimed by proponents (...)
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  13.  33
    The Cultural Evolution of Prosocial Religions.Ara Norenzayan, Azim F. Shariff, Will M. Gervais, Aiyana K. Willard, Rita A. McNamara, Edward Slingerland & Joseph Henrich - 2016 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 39:1-86.
    We develop a cultural evolutionary theory of the origins of prosocial religions and apply it to resolve two puzzles in human psychology and cultural history: the rise of large-scale cooperation among strangers and, simultaneously, the spread of prosocial religions in the last 10–12 millennia. We argue that these two developments were importantly linked and mutually energizing. We explain how a package of culturally evolved religious beliefs and practices characterized by increasingly potent, moralizing, supernatural agents, credible displays of faith, and other (...)
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  14.  14
    On the Deep Structure of Social Affect: Attitudes, Emotions, Sentiments, and the Case of “Contempt”.Matthew M. Gervais & Daniel M. T. Fessler - 2017 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 40.
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  15.  6
    Bertrand Gervais. À l'écoute de la lecture. Montréal, VLB éditeur, 1993.Bertrand Gervais. À l'écoute de la lecture. Montréal, VLB éditeur, 1993. [REVIEW]Marie-Pierre Maybon - 1994 - Horizons Philosophiques 5 (1):146-147.
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  16.  7
    Performance-Similarity Reasoning as a Source for Mechanism Schema Evaluation.Raoul Gervais - 2020 - Topoi 39 (1):69-79.
    In this paper, I explicate and discuss performance-similarity reasoning as a strategy for mechanism schema evaluation, understood in Lindley Darden’s sense. This strategy involves inferring hypotheses about the mechanism responsible for cognitive capacities from premises describing the performance of those capacities; performance-similarity reasoning is a type of Inference to the Best Explanation, or IBE. Two types of such inferences are distinguished: one in which the performance of two systems is compared, and another when the performance of two systems under intervention (...)
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  17.  26
    Commentary “The Sexualized-Body-Inversion Hypothesis Revisited: Valid Indicator of Sexual Objectification or Methodological Artifact?”.Philippe Bernard, Sarah J. Gervais, Jill Allen & Olivier Klein - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  18.  39
    Non-Cognitive Values and Objectivity in Scientific Explanation: Egalitarianism and the Case of the Movius Line.Raoul Gervais - 2013 - Perspectives on Science 21 (4):429-452.
    In the debate about values in science, it is a time-honored tradition to distinguish between the normative question of whether non-cognitive values should play a role in science and the descriptive question of whether they in fact do so or not.1 Among philosophers of science, it is now an accepted view that the descriptive question has been settled. That is, it is no longer disputed that non-cognitive values play a role in science. Hence, all that is left to do on (...)
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  19.  4
    A Novel Megastable Hamiltonian System with Infinite Hyperbolic and Nonhyperbolic Equilibria.Gervais Dolvis Leutcho, Theophile Fonzin Fozin, Alexis Nguomkam Negou, Zeric Tabekoueng Njitacke, Viet-Thanh Pham, Jacques Kengne, Sajad Jafari & Carlos Aguilar-Ibanez - 2020 - Complexity 2020:1-12.
    The dimension of the conservative chaotic systems is an integer and equals the system dimension, which brings about a better ergodic property and thus have potentials in engineering application than the dissipative systems. This paper investigates the phenomenon of megastability in a unique and simple conservative oscillator with infinite of hyperbolic and nonhyperbolic equilibria. Using traditional nonlinear analysis tools, we found that the introduced oscillator possesses an invariable energy and displays either self-excited or hidden dynamics depending on the stability of (...)
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  20.  8
    Strategies for Achieving High-Quality IRB Review.Dorothy E. Vawter, Karen G. Gervais & Thomas B. Freeman - 2004 - American Journal of Bioethics 4 (3):74-76.
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  21.  7
    Phenomenological Understanding and Electric Eels.Raoul Gervais - 2017 - Theoria. An International Journal for Theory, History and Foundations of Science 32 (3):293.
    Explanations are supposed to provide us with understanding. It is common to make a distinction between genuine, scientific understanding, and the phenomenological, or ‘aha’ notion of understanding, where the former is considered epistemically relevant, the latter irrelevant. I argue that there is a variety of phenomenological understanding that does play a positive epistemic role. This phenomenological understanding involves a similarity between bodily sensations that is used as evidence for mechanistic hypotheses. As a case study, I will consider 17th and 18th (...)
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  22.  13
    Seeing the Elephant: Parsimony, Functionalism, and the Emergent Design of Contempt and Other Sentiments.Matthew M. Gervais & Daniel M. T. Fessler - 2017 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 40.
  23.  5
    Good for God? Religious Motivation Reduces Perceived Responsibility for and Morality of Good Deeds.Will M. Gervais - 2014 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 143 (4):1616-1626.
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  24.  46
    Introductory Essay: Metaphysics and Science: A Fickle Relationship.Raoul Gervais - 2015 - Philosophica 90.
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  25.  17
    Attending to Social Vulnerability When Rationing Pandemic Resources.Dorothy E. Vawter, Karen G. Gervais, Angela Witt Prehn & Debra A. DeBruin - 2011 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 22 (1):42.
    Pandemic plans are increasingly attending to groups experiencing health disparities and other social vulnerabilities. Although some pandemic guidance is silent on the issue, guidance that attends to socially vulnerable groups ranges widely, some procedural (often calling for public engagement), and some substantive. Public engagement objectives vary from merely educational to seeking reflective input into the ethical commitments that should guide pandemic planning and response. Some plans that concern rationing during a severe pandemic recommend ways to protect socially vulnerable groups without (...)
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  26.  9
    Does Placebo Surgery-Controlled Research Call for New Provisions to Protect Human Research Participants?Dorothy E. Vawter, Karen G. Gervais & Thomas B. Freeman - 2003 - American Journal of Bioethics 3 (4):50-53.
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  27.  39
    A Framework for Inter-Level Explanations: Outlines for a New Explanatory Pluralism.Raoul Gervais - 2014 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 48:1-9.
  28.  37
    Inferential Explanations in Biology.Raoul Gervais & Erik Weber - 2013 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 44 (3):356-364.
    Among philosophers of science, there is now a widespread agreement that the DN model of explanation is poorly equipped to account for explanations in biology. Rather than identifying laws, so the consensus goes, researchers explain biological capacities by constructing a model of the underlying mechanism.We think that the dichotomy between DN explanations and mechanistic explanations is misleading. In this article, we argue that there are cases in which biological capacities are explained without constructing a model of the underlying mechanism. Although (...)
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  29.  9
    Health and Identity: The Case of the Chinese Community in England.Marie-Claude Gervais & Sandra Jovchelovitch - 1998 - Social Science Information 37 (4):709-729.
    Social representations of health and illness are deeply intertwined with issues of cultural identity. People think of health and illness in relation to their social environment and cultural background. In this paper, we report findings of a study on representations of health among the Chinese community in England. Using focus groups and in-depth interviews with experts and lay members of the Chinese community, we found a hybrid representation which combines Chinese traditions and western biomedical knowledge. This mixed social representation is (...)
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  30.  6
    Men’s Physical Strength Moderates Conceptualizations of Prospective Foes in Two Disparate Societies.Daniel M. T. Fessler, Colin Holbrook & Matthew M. Gervais - 2014 - Human Nature 25 (3):393-409.
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  31.  18
    The Social Construction of Death, Biological Plausibility, and the Brain Death Criterion.Karen G. Gervais - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics 14 (8):33-34.
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  32. Karen Grandstrand Gervais, Redefining Death Reviewed By.Michael Lavin - 1987 - Philosophy in Review 7 (12):492-494.
     
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  33.  14
    Le Marxisme de Sartre: Mystification ou réalité?Charles Gervais - 1971 - Dialogue 10 (4):727-742.
  34.  43
    Electric Salome: Loie Fuller's Performance of Modernism.Douglas Mao - 2010 - Common Knowledge 16 (1):157-158.
  35.  17
    Parochial Prosocial Religions: Historical and Contemporary Evidence for a Cultural Evolutionary Process.Ara Norenzayan, Azim F. Shariff, Will M. Gervais, Aiyana K. Willard, Rita A. McNamara, Edward Slingerland & Joseph Henrich - 2016 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 39.
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  36.  28
    A Provincial Adaptation of Clinical Practice Guidelines for Depression in Primary Care: A Case Illustration of the ADAPTE Method.Pasquale Roberge, Louise Fournier, Hélène Brouillet, André Delorme, Clément Beaucage, Rodrigue Côté, Pierre Demers, Michel Gervais, France Laflamme, Louise Latulippe, André Marchand, Simon Patry, Suzanne Pelchat, Martin D. Provencher, Jean-Rémy Provost, David Robitaille & Anne-Marie Cloutier - 2015 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 21 (6):1190-1198.
  37.  10
    Nature et gr'ce chez saint Thomas d'Aquin.Michel Gervais - 1975 - Laval Théologique et Philosophique 31 (3):293.
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  38.  33
    Rechoreographing Homonymous Partners: Rancière’s Dance Education with Loïe Fuller.Joshua M. Hall - forthcoming - Journal of Aesthetic Education.
    Contemporary philosopher Jacques Rancière has been criticized for a concept of “politics” that is insensitive to the diminished agency of the corporeally oppressed. In a recent article, Dana Mills locates a solution to this alleged problem in Rancière most recent book translated into English, Aisthesis, in its chapter on Mallarmé’s writings on modern dancer Loïe Fuller. My first section argues that Mills’ reading exacerbates an “homonymy” (Rancière’s term) in Rancière’s use of the word “inscription,” which means for him either a (...)
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  39. Readings in Rehabilitation Ethics.Karen G. Gervais, Dorothy E. Vawter & Emily Spilseth - 1995 - HEC Forum 7 (2):183-197.
     
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  40.  9
    Le Marxisme de Sartre: Signification Et Projet.Charles Gervais - 1969 - Dialogue 8 (2):272-292.
  41.  6
    Y a-t-il un deuxième Sartre? À propos de la « Critique de la raison dialectique ».Charles Gervais - 1969 - Revue Philosophique De Louvain 67 (93):74-103.
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  42.  5
    Wanted: More Assistance in Benefits Design.Karen G. Gervais & J. Eline Garrett - 2004 - American Journal of Bioethics 4 (3):119-121.
  43. Karen Grandstrand Gervais, Redefining Death. [REVIEW]Michael Lavin - 1987 - Philosophy in Review 7:492-494.
     
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  44.  34
    The Evolution of Religious Misbelief.Ara Norenzayan, Azim F. Shariff, Will M. Gervais, Ryan T. McKay & Daniel C. Dennett - 2009 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (6):531.
    Inducing religious thoughts increases prosocial behavior among strangers in anonymous contexts. These effects can be explained both by behavioral priming processes as well as by reputational mechanisms. We examine whether belief in moralizing supernatural agents supplies a case for what McKay & Dennett (M&D) call evolved misbelief, concluding that they might be more persuasively seen as an example of culturally evolved misbelief.
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  45. A dinâmica demográfica de Luanda no contexto do tráfico de escravos do Atlântico Sul, 1781-1844.José C. Curto & Raymond R. Gervais - 2002 - Topoi 4:85-138.
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  46. Paleopathologie du squelette humain.J. Dastugue, V. Gervais & Pierre L. Thillaud - 1994 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 16 (1):155.
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  47.  6
    The Use of Human Fetal Tissue: Scientific, Ethical, and Policy Concerns (January 1990).W. de VawterKearney, K. G. Gervais, A. L. Caplan, D. Garry & C. Tauer - 1990 - Journal International de Bioethique= International Journal of Bioethics 2 (3):189-196.
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  48. Render Unto Caesar.Terence Gervais White - 1945 - Hibbert Journal 44:263-270.
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  49.  79
    Considérations méthodologiques pour aborder la compétence à « réfléchir » ou à « faire réfléchir » sur sa pratique en enseignement.Philippe Chaubet, Enrique Correa Molina & Colette Gervais - 2013 - Revue Phronesis 2 (1):28-40.
    Résumé : L’article propose une démarche méthodologique permettant d’identifier la réflexion professionnelle chez des stagiaires en formation à l’enseignement. En effet, la capacité d’analyser sa pratique de façon réflexive est une composante d’une compétence professionnelle à développer selon le Ministère de l’Éducation du Québec. Une certaine forme de réflexion chez les étudiants est donc à acquérir et, du point de vue des tuteurs de stage, à faire acquérir. Quels sont les critères implicites que les enseignants associés des écoles ou les (...)
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  50.  75
    Difference Making, Explanatory Relevance, and Mechanistic Models.Dingmar van Eck & Raoul Gervais - 2016 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 31 (1):125-134.
    In this paper we consider mechanistic explanations for biologic malfunctions. Drawing on Lipton’s work on difference making, we offer three reasons why one should distinguish i) mechanistic features that only make a difference to the malfunction one aims to explain, from ii) features that make a difference to both the malfunction and normal functioning. Recognition of the distinction is important for a) repair purposes, b) mechanism discovery, and c) understanding. This analysis extends current mechanistic thinking, which fails to appreciate the (...)
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