Results for 'Lev Mikha��ilovich Lopatin'

464 found
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  1. Problemy Logiki I Metodologii Nauki Izbrannye Trudy.Bonifatiæi Mikhaæilovich Kedrov, Petr Nikolaevich Fedoseev, N. F. Ovchinnikov & A. A. Pechenkin - 1990
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  2.  23
    Against the Current The Life and Work of L.M. Lopatin.N. A. Mishin - 1993 - Russian Studies in Philosophy 32 (2):33-47.
    It is always interesting to describe the life of people whose paths diverged substantially from the path of the majority. Such people attract the attention of historians in every age, for a path "against the current" always has something tragic about it. The Russian philosopher and Moscow University professor Lev Mikhailovich Lopatin can fully be ranked in the pleiad of such people. This is borne out by the assessments of not only his supporters but also his opponents. "You were (...)
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  3. Russian Leibnizianism.Frederic Tremblay - 2019 - In Lloyd Strickland & Julia Weckend (eds.), Leibniz's Legacy and Impact. Routledge.
    Leibniz’s philosophy enjoyed a Russian fandom that endured from the eighteenth century to the death of the last exiled Russian philosophers in the twentieth century. There was, to begin with, Leibniz’s direct impact on Peter the Great and on the scientific development of Saint Petersburg. Then there was, still in the eighteenth century, Mikhail Lomonosov, who was sent to study with Christian Wolff in Marburg, and who came back to Saint Petersburg with a watered-down Leibnizian worldview, which he applied to (...)
     
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  4.  27
    Thomas Nemeth, Kant in Imperial Russia Cham: Springer, 2017 Pp. Ix+389 ISBN 9783319529134 £92.00. [REVIEW]Frederic Tremblay - 2018 - Kantian Review 23 (3):510-513.
    This is a review of Thomas Nemeth's Kant in Imperial Russia, Cham: Springer, 2017. It gives a rundown of the contents of the book, which may be considered the definitive, comprehensive, and authoritative overview of the Kantrezeption in pre-Soviet Russia in the English language. The book proceeds chronologically, starting from Kant's days up to the Bolshevik Revolution, examining well-known and lesser-known Russian philosophers and thinkers as well as figures of other nationalities who contributed to the dissemination of Kant's ideas in (...)
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  5. Sefer Mi-Yemini Mikhaʼel: Beʼurim U-Verurim Be-Sugyot Ha-Shas Ṿe-Shiṭot Ha-Rishonim U-Gedole Ha-Posḳim Be-Masekhet Bava Ḳama.Mikhaʼel Ḳlagsbald - 2013 - [M. Ḳlagsbald].
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  6.  25
    Athens and Jerusalem.Lev Shestov - 1966 - Athens, Ohio University Press.
    The first volume in the new critical edition of Lev Shestov's work in English, which I have been asked to coordinate. The volume includes my preface and annotations.
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  7. Will Biomedical Enhancements Undermine Solidarity, Responsibility, Equality and Autonomy?Ori Lev - 2011 - Bioethics 25 (4):177-184.
    Prominent thinkers such as Jurgen Habermas and Michael Sandel are warning that biomedical enhancements will undermine fundamental political values. Yet whether biomedical enhancements will undermine such values depends on how biomedical enhancements will function, how they will be administered and to whom. Since only few enhancements are obtainable, it is difficult to tell whether these predictions are sound. Nevertheless, such warnings are extremely valuable. As a society we must, at the very least, be aware of developments that could have harmful (...)
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  8.  36
    Sport as a Drama.Lev Kreft - 2012 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 39 (2):219-234.
    Argument of this text is that: to develop aesthetics of sport, we should not begin with aesthetics as philosophy of art but with aesthetics of everyday life; to start with aesthetics of sport, we should not begin with beautiful of ?pure aesthetics? but with the dramatic; to analyze the dramatic in sport, we should not open the analysis with analogy between theater and sport, but with sport as a sort of performance; to get at the meaning of sport as a (...)
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  9. Many-Worlds Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics.Lev Vaidman - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    The Many-Worlds Interpretation (MWI) is an approach to quantum mechanics according to which, in addition to the world we are aware of directly, there are many other similar worlds which exist in parallel at the same space and time. The existence of the other worlds makes it possible to remove randomness and action at a distance from quantum theory and thus from all physics.
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  10.  11
    Computer vision, human senses, and language of art.Lev Manovich - 2021 - AI and Society 36 (4):1145-1152.
    What is the most important reason for using Computer Vision methods in humanities research? In this article, I argue that the use of numerical representation and data analysis methods offers a new language for describing cultural artifacts, experiences and dynamics. The human languages such as English or Russian that developed rather recently in human evolution are not good at capturing analog properties of human sensorial and cultural experiences. These limitations become particularly worrying if we want to compare thousands, millions or (...)
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  11.  23
    Ecological Orbits: How Planets Move and Populations Grow.Lev Ginzburg & Mark Colyvan - unknown
    The main focus of the book is the presentation of the 'inertial' view of population growth. This view provides a rather simple model for complex population dynamics, and is achieved at the level of the single species without invoking species interactions. An important part of this account is the maternal effect. Investment of mothers in the quality of their daughters makes the rate of reproduction of the current generation depend not only on the current environment, but also on the environment (...)
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  12.  54
    Quantum Theory and Determinism.Lev Vaidman - unknown
    Historically, appearance of the quantum theory led to a prevailing view that Nature is indeterministic. The arguments for the indeterminism and proposals for indeterministic and deterministic approaches are reviewed. These include collapse theories, Bohmian Mechanics and the many-worlds interpretation. It is argued that ontic interpretations of the quantum wave function provide simpler and clearer physical explanation and that the many-worlds interpretation is the most attractive since it provides a deterministic and local theory for our physical Universe explaining the illusion of (...)
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  13.  20
    The Unforeseen Consequences of Interacting With Non‐Native Speakers.Shiri Lev-Ari, Emily Ho & Boaz Keysar - 2018 - Topics in Cognitive Science 10 (4):835-849.
    Sociolinguistic research shows that listeners' expectations of speakers influence their interpretation of the speech, yet this is often ignored in cognitive models of language comprehension. Here, we focus on the case of interactions between native and non-native speakers. Previous literature shows that listeners process the language of non-native speakers in less detail, because they expect them to have lower linguistic competence. We show that processing the language of non-native speakers increases lexical competition and access in general, not only of the (...)
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  14. On Schizophrenic Experiences of the Neutron or Why We Should Believe in the Many‐Worlds Interpretation of Quantum Theory.Lev Vaidman - 1990 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 12 (3):245 – 261.
    This is a philosophical paper in favor of the many-worlds interpretation of quantum theory. The necessity of introducing many worlds is explained by analyzing a neutron interference experiment. The concept of the “measure of existence of a world” is introduced and some difficulties with the issue of probability in the framework of the MWI are resolved.
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  15.  75
    In Defence of the Self-Location Uncertainty Account of Probability in the Many-Worlds Interpretation.Kelvin J. McQueen & Lev Vaidman - 2019 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 66:14-23.
    We defend the many-worlds interpretation of quantum mechanics against the objection that it cannot explain why measurement outcomes are predicted by the Born probability rule. We understand quantum probabilities in terms of an observer's self-location probabilities. We formulate a probability postulate for the MWI: the probability of self-location in a world with a given set of outcomes is the absolute square of that world's amplitude. We provide a proof of this postulate, which assumes the quantum formalism and two principles concerning (...)
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  16.  24
    Rethinking Homo Economicus in the Political Sphere.Lev Marder - 2018 - Constellations 25 (3):329-343.
  17.  48
    Notes on Local Reflection Principles.Lev Beklemishev - 1997 - Theoria 63 (3):139-146.
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  18. Enhancing Children Against Unhealthy Behaviors—An Ethical and Policy Assessment of Using a Nicotine Vaccine.O. Lev, B. S. Wilfond & C. M. McBride - 2013 - Public Health Ethics 6 (2):197-206.
    Health behaviors such as tobacco use contribute significantly to poor health. It is widely recognized that efforts to prevent poor health outcomes should begin in early childhood. Biomedical enhancements, such as a nicotine vaccine, are now emerging and have potential to be used for primary prevention of common diseases. In anticipation of such enhancements, it is important that we begin to consider the ethical and policy appropriateness of their use with children. The main ethical concerns raised by enhancing children relate (...)
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  19.  65
    The Philosophy of Vladimir Soloviev.L. M. Lopatin - 1916 - Mind 25 (100):425-460.
  20.  6
    Minimal Collapsing Extensions of Models of Zfc.Lev Bukovský & Eva Copláková-Hartová - 1990 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 46 (3):265-298.
  21.  20
    Compositional Structure Can Emerge Without Generational Transmission.Limor Raviv, Antje Meyer & Shiri Lev-Ari - 2019 - Cognition 182:151-164.
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  22.  26
    Topological Completeness of the Provability Logic GLP.Lev Beklemishev & David Gabelaia - 2013 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 164 (12):1201-1223.
    Provability logic GLP is well-known to be incomplete w.r.t. Kripke semantics. A natural topological semantics of GLP interprets modalities as derivative operators of a polytopological space. Such spaces are called GLP-spaces whenever they satisfy all the axioms of GLP. We develop some constructions to build nontrivial GLP-spaces and show that GLP is complete w.r.t. the class of all GLP-spaces.
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  23.  16
    Relative Difficulty of Understanding Foreign Accents as a Marker of Proficiency.Shiri Lev‐Ari, Marieke Heugten & Sharon Peperkamp - 2017 - Cognitive Science 41 (4):1106-1118.
    Foreign-accented speech is generally harder to understand than native-accented speech. This difficulty is reduced for non-native listeners who share their first language with the non-native speaker. It is currently unclear, however, how non-native listeners deal with foreign-accented speech produced by speakers of a different language. We show that the process of language acquisition is associated with an increase in the relative difficulty of processing foreign-accented speech. Therefore, experiencing greater relative difficulty with foreign-accented speech compared with native speech is a marker (...)
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  24.  55
    Probability in the Many-Worlds Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics.Lev Vaidman - 2011 - In Yemima Ben-Menahem & Meir Hemmo (eds.), Probability in Physics. Springer. pp. 299--311.
    It is argued that, although in the Many-Worlds Interpretation of quantum mechanics there is no ``probability'' for an outcome of a quantum experiment in the usual sense, we can understand why we have an illusion of probability. The explanation involves: a). A ``sleeping pill'' gedanken experiment which makes correspondence between an illegitimate question: ``What is the probability of an outcome of a quantum measurement?'' with a legitimate question: ``What is the probability that ``I'' am in the world corresponding to that (...)
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  25.  12
    How the Size of Our Social Network Influences Our Semantic Skills.Shiri Lev-Ari - 2016 - Cognitive Science 40 (8):2050-2064.
    People differ in the size of their social network, and thus in the properties of the linguistic input they receive. This article examines whether differences in social network size influence individuals’ linguistic skills in their native language, focusing on global comprehension of evaluative language. Study 1 exploits the natural variation in social network size and shows that individuals with larger social networks are better at understanding the valence of restaurant reviews. Study 2 manipulated social network size by randomly assigning participants (...)
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  26.  28
    Proof-Theoretic Analysis by Iterated Reflection.Lev D. Beklemishev - 2003 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 42 (6):515-552.
    Progressions of iterated reflection principles can be used as a tool for the ordinal analysis of formal systems. We discuss various notions of proof-theoretic ordinals and compare the information obtained by means of the reflection principles with the results obtained by the more usual proof-theoretic techniques. In some cases we obtain sharper results, e.g., we define proof-theoretic ordinals relevant to logical complexity Π1 0 and, similarly, for any class Π n 0 . We provide a more general version of the (...)
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  27.  24
    Provability Algebras and Proof-Theoretic Ordinals, I.Lev D. Beklemishev - 2004 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 128 (1-3):103-123.
    We suggest an algebraic approach to proof-theoretic analysis based on the notion of graded provability algebra, that is, Lindenbaum boolean algebra of a theory enriched by additional operators which allow for the structure to capture proof-theoretic information. We use this method to analyze Peano arithmetic and show how an ordinal notation system up to 0 can be recovered from the corresponding algebra in a canonical way. This method also establishes links between proof-theoretic ordinal analysis and the work which has been (...)
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  28.  16
    Induction Rules, Reflection Principles, and Provably Recursive Functions.Lev D. Beklemishev - 1997 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 85 (3):193-242.
    A well-known result states that, over basic Kalmar elementary arithmetic EA, the induction schema for ∑n formulas is equivalent to the uniform reflection principle for ∑n + 1 formulas . We show that fragments of arithmetic axiomatized by various forms of induction rules admit a precise axiomatization in terms of reflection principles as well. Thus, the closure of EA under the induction rule for ∑n formulas is equivalent to ω times iterated ∑n reflection principle. Moreover, for k < ω, k (...)
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  29.  30
    Kripke Semantics for Provability Logic GLP.Lev D. Beklemishev - 2010 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 161 (6):756-774.
    A well-known polymodal provability logic inlMMLBox due to Japaridze is complete w.r.t. the arithmetical semantics where modalities correspond to reflection principles of restricted logical complexity in arithmetic. This system plays an important role in some recent applications of provability algebras in proof theory. However, an obstacle in the study of inlMMLBox is that it is incomplete w.r.t. any class of Kripke frames. In this paper we provide a complete Kripke semantics for inlMMLBox . First, we isolate a certain subsystem inlMMLBox (...)
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  30.  24
    A Rational Look at the Emotional Stroop Phenomenon: A Generic Slowdown, Not a Stroop Effect.Daniel Algom, Eran Chajut & Shlomo Lev - 2004 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 133 (3):323-338.
  31.  14
    On Provability Logics with Linearly Ordered Modalities.Lev D. Beklemishev, David Fernández-Duque & Joost J. Joosten - 2014 - Studia Logica 102 (3):541-566.
    We introduce the logics GLP Λ, a generalization of Japaridze’s polymodal provability logic GLP ω where Λ is any linearly ordered set representing a hierarchy of provability operators of increasing strength. We shall provide a reduction of these logics to GLP ω yielding among other things a finitary proof of the normal form theorem for the variable-free fragment of GLP Λ and the decidability of GLP Λ for recursive orderings Λ. Further, we give a restricted axiomatization of the variable-free fragment (...)
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  32. On the Paradoxical Aspects of New Quantum Experiments.Lev Vaidman - 1994 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1994:211 - 217.
    Two recently proposed quantum experiments are analyzed. The first allows to find an object without "touching" it. The second allows to teleport quantum states, transmitting a very small amount of information. It is shown that in the standard approach these experiments are in conflict with the intuitive notions of causality and locality. It is argued that the situation is less paradoxical in the framework of the many-worlds interpretation of quantum theory.
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  33. Time-Symmetrized Counterfactuals in Quantum Theory.Lev Vaidman - 1999 - Foundations of Physics 29 (5):755-765.
    Counterfactuals in quantum theory are briefly reviewed and it is argued that they are very different from counterfactuals considered in the general philosophical literature. The issue of time symmetry of quantum counterfactuals is considered and a novel time-symmetric definition of quantum counterfactuals is proposed. This definition is applied for analyzing several controversies related to quantum counterfactuals.
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  34.  24
    A Proof-Theoretic Analysis of Collection.Lev D. Beklemishev - 1998 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 37 (5-6):275-296.
    By a result of Paris and Friedman, the collection axiom schema for $\Sigma_{n+1}$ formulas, $B\Sigma_{n+1}$ , is $\Pi_{n+2}$ conservative over $I\Sigma_n$ . We give a new proof-theoretic proof of this theorem, which is based on a reduction of $B\Sigma_n$ to a version of collection rule and a subsequent analysis of this rule via Herbrand's theorem. A generalization of this method allows us to improve known results on reflection principles for $B\Sigma_n$ and to answer some technical questions left open by Sieg (...)
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  35.  49
    Quantum Mechanical Interaction-Free Measurements.Avshalom C. Elitzur & Lev Vaidman - 1993 - Foundations of Physics 23 (7):987-997.
    A novel manifestation of nonlocality of quantum mechanics is presented. It is shown that it is possible to ascertain the existence of an object in a given region of space without interacting with it. The method might have practical applications for delicate quantum experiments.
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  36. On Cut Elimination in the Presence of Perice Rule.Lev Gordeev - 1987 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 26 (1):147-164.
     
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  37.  17
    Plant Coloration Undermines Herbivorous Insect Camouflage.Simcha Lev-Yadun, Amots Dafni, Moshe A. Flaishman, Moshe Inbar, Ido Izhaki, Gadi Katzir & Gidi Ne'eman - 2004 - Bioessays 26 (10):1126-1130.
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  38.  35
    Weak-Measurement Elements of Reality.Lev Vaidman - 1996 - Foundations of Physics 26 (7):895-906.
    A brief review of the attempts to define “elements of reality” in the framework of quantum theory is presented. It is noted that most definitions of elements of reality have in common the feature to be a definite outcome of some measurement. Elements of reality are extended to pre- and post- selected systems and to measurements which fulfill certain criteria of weakness of the coupling. Some features of the newly introduced concepts are discussed.
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  39.  22
    The Practice of Everyday (Media) Life: From Mass Consumption to Mass Cultural Production?Lev Manovich - 2009 - Critical Inquiry 35 (2):319-331.
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  40.  11
    There is No New Problem for Quantum Mechanics.Lev Vaidman - 2020 - Foundations of Physics 50 (11):1728-1734.
    A recent claim by Meehan that quantum mechanics has a new “control problem” that puts limits on our ability to prepare quantum states and revises our understanding of the no-cloning theorem is examined. We identify flaws in Meehan’s analysis and argue that such a problem does not exist.
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  41.  69
    On Sleeping Beauty Controversy.Lev Vaidman & Simon Saunders - manuscript
    It is argued that Lewis's approach to Elga's Sleeping Beaty problem is untenable and, therefore, the universality of the betting approach to probability has not been breached.
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  42. Sefer Otsar Ha-Musar: Śiḥot Musar Hagut Hashḳafah ; Mabaṭ Ḥadash Ṿe-ʻamoḳ Be-Agadot Ḥazal ; Leḳaḥim Musariyim Mi-Pisḳe Ha-Shu.ʻa.Mikhaʼel ben Yosef Perets - 2009 - MikhaʾEl Perets.
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  43.  19
    Ontology of the Wave Function and the Many-Worlds Interpretation.Lev Vaidman - unknown
    It is argued that the many-worlds interpretation is by far the best interpretation of quantum mechanics. The key points of this view are viewing the wave functions of worlds in three dimensions and understanding probability through self-locating uncertainty.
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  44.  1
    Lev Vygotsky:Revoltn Scientist.Fred Newman & Lois Holzman - 1993 - Routledge.
    First Published in 1993. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
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  45.  13
    Positive Provability Logic for Uniform Reflection Principles.Lev Beklemishev - 2014 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 165 (1):82-105.
    We deal with the fragment of modal logic consisting of implications of formulas built up from the variables and the constant ‘true’ by conjunction and diamonds only. The weaker language allows one to interpret the diamonds as the uniform reflection schemata in arithmetic, possibly of unrestricted logical complexity. We formulate an arithmetically complete calculus with modalities labeled by natural numbers and ω, where ω corresponds to the full uniform reflection schema, whereas n<ω corresponds to its restriction to arithmetical Πn+1-formulas. This (...)
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  46.  9
    Social Network Size Can Influence Linguistic Malleability and the Propagation of Linguistic Change.Shiri Lev-Ari - 2018 - Cognition 176:31-39.
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  47.  8
    Free choice, simplification, and Innocent Inclusion.Moshe E. Bar-Lev & Danny Fox - 2020 - Natural Language Semantics 28 (3):175-223.
    We propose a modification of the exhaustivity operator from Fox Presupposition and implicature in compositional semantics, Palgrave Macmillan, London, pp 71–120, 2007. https://doi.org/10.1057/9780230210752_4) that on top of negating all the Innocently Excludable alternatives affirms all the ‘Innocently Includable’ ones. The main result of supplementing the notion of Innocent Exclusion with that of Innocent Inclusion is that it allows the exhaustivity operator to identify cells in the partition induced by the set of alternatives whenever possible. We argue for this property of (...)
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  48.  11
    Iterated Local Reflection Versus Iterated Consistency.Lev Beklemishev - 1995 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 75 (1-2):25-48.
    For “natural enough” systems of ordinal notation we show that α times iterated local reflection schema over a sufficiently strong arithmetic T proves the same Π 1 0 -sentences as ω α times iterated consistency. A corollary is that the two hierarchies catch up modulo relative interpretability exactly at ε-numbers. We also derive the following more general “mixed” formulas estimating the consistency strength of iterated local reflection: for all ordinals α ⩾ 1 and all β, β ≡ Π 1 0 (...)
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  49.  57
    The Elite Athlete - In a State of Exception?Lev Kreft - 2009 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 3 (1):3-18.
    At IAPS Ljubljana conference (September 2007) Dag Vidar Hanstad and Sigmund Loland presented a paper on elite-level athletes' duty to provide information on their whereabouts, to decide between two opposing positions: is this WADA demand justifiable anti-doping work or an indefensible surveillance regime? They concluded that on moral grounds this regime is conditionally acceptable, the condition being the acceptability of a general framework and objectives embodied in anti-doping global legislative foundations (the World Anti-Doping Code). But, as they said, principled objections (...)
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  50.  19
    Nanti Self-Quotation: Implications for the Pragmatics of Reported Speech and Evidentiality.Lev Michael - 2012 - Pragmatics and Society 3 (2):321-357.
    This paper describes two quotation strategies employed by speakers of Nanti, one involving grammaticalized quotatives and another involving complement-taking verbs of saying, and examines the consequences of the pragmatic differences between these strategies for two key questions in the study of evidentiality: first, the importance of degree of grammaticalization in delimiting ‘evidentials’; and second, the importance of the analytical distinction between epistemic modal and ‘source of information’ evidential meanings. Nanti use of the two quotation strategies is specifically analyzed in the (...)
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