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  1. The Structure of Idealization.Leszek Nowak - 1982 - Studies in Soviet Thought 24 (1):72-75.
     
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  2. The Structure of Idealisation: Towards a Systematic Interpretation of the Marxian Idea of Science.Leszek Nowak - 1984 - Studia Logica 43 (3):309-311.
  3. The Structure of Idealisation: Towards a Systematic Interpretation of the Marxian Idea of Science.Leszek Nowak - 1982 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 33 (1):97-101.
     
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  4.  54
    Laws of Science, Theories, Measurement: (Comments on Ernest Nagel's the Structure of Science).Leszek Nowak - 1972 - Philosophy of Science 39 (4):533-548.
    The problem of idealization in empirical sciences is very rarely taken up in works concerned with the methodology of those sciences. It seems to be common knowledge that in advanced natural sciences references are made to concepts such as “perfectly rigid body,” “material point,” “perfect gas,” etc., but it remains a fact that the most important methodological concepts, concepts which have determined the present-day form of the philosophy of science, have been advanced without regard to the peculiarities of the procedure (...)
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  5.  22
    Idealization X: The Richness of Idealization.Izabella Nowakowa & Leszek Nowak - 2000 - Rodopi.
    Contents: Preface. Introduction. Science as a Caricature of Reality. Part I THREE METHODOLOGICAL REVOLUTIONS. 1. Galileo-Newton's Model of Free Fall. 2. Darwin's Theory of Natural Selection. 3. Marx's Theory of Reproduction. Part II THE METHOD OF IDEALIZATION. 4. The Idealizational Approach to Science: A New Survey. 5. On the Concept of Dialectical Correspondence. 6. On Inner Concretization. A Certain Generalization of the Notions of Concretization and Dialectical Correspondence. 7. Concretization in Qualitative Contexts. 8. Law and Theory: Some Expansions. 9. On (...)
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  6.  29
    On the (Idealizational) Structure of Economic Theories.Leszek Nowak - 1989 - Erkenntnis 30 (1-2):225 - 246.
  7. U Podstaw Marksowskiej Metodologii Nauk.Leszek Nowak - 1971 - Pa Nstwowe Wydawn. Naukowe.
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  8. Studia nad teoretycznymi podstawami humanistyki.Jerzy Kmita & Leszek Nowak - 1971 - Studia Logica 28:178-181.
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  9. Idealization Iii: Approximation and Truth.Jerzy Brzezinski & Leszek Nowak - 1992 - Rodopi.
     
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  10. De la rationalité du législateur comme élément de l'interprétation juridique.Leszek Nowak - 1969 - Logique Et Analyse 45:65.
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  11.  34
    Relative Truth, the Correspondence Principle and Absolute Truth.Leszek Nowak - 1975 - Philosophy of Science 42 (2):187-202.
    The present paper is intended to take up the basic issue in Marxist epistemology: does the development of human cognition include mechanisms that ensure the attainment of, or approximation to, the absolute truth?But to take up this issue we have to define the concept of absolute truth. This is why the paper begins with comment on the assumptions we adopt. This is followed by explanations of the concept of the absolute truth and that of relative truth and some of derivative (...)
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  12.  10
    [Book Review] Power and Civil Society, Toward a Dynamic Theory of Real Socialism. [REVIEW]Leszek Nowak - 1994 - Ethics 104 (3):652-655.
  13.  22
    A Model of Socialist Society.Leszek Nowak - 1987 - Studies in Soviet Thought 34 (1-2):1-55.
  14. Byt i myśl.Leszek Nowak - 2000 - Ruch Filozoficzny 1 (1).
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  15. Idealization and Rationalization.Leszek Nowak - 1979 - Epistemologia 2:283.
     
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  16.  25
    A Model of Socialist Society.Leszek Nowak - 1987 - Studies in East European Thought 34 (1-2):1-55.
  17. On the Hidden Unity of Social and Natural Sciences.Leszek Nowak - 2012 - Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 100 (1):15-50.
    The paper addresses the problem of the delay of the social sciences with respect to the natural sciences. It is argued that there are no special differences between them from a methodological point of view. The methodology of both can be understood in terms of the idealizational conception of science. Nor is the subject-matter the source of the problems. It is argued that it is the social placement of the social sciences within wider communities that is responsible for the delay.
     
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  18.  31
    On the Structue of Marxist Dialectics.Leszek Nowak - 1977 - Erkenntnis 11 (1):341 - 363.
  19. Byt i myśl. Przyczynek do metafizyki unitarnej.Leszek Nowak - 1989 - Studia Filozoficzne 278 (1):1-18.
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  20.  11
    Man and People.Leszek Nowak - 1987 - Social Theory and Practice 13 (1):1-16.
  21.  30
    Leszek Nowak, U Podstaw Marksowskiej Metodologii Nauk. [REVIEW]Leszek Nowak - 1974 - Dialectics and Humanism 1 (2):171-173.
  22. Próba metodologicznej charakterystyki prawoznawstwa.Leszek Nowak - 1972 - Studia Logica 30:164-168.
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  23. Models of Scientific Research.Leszek Nowak - 2012 - Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 100 (1):67-74.
    According to the commonsensical model of educating researchers, young researchers must first acquire the knowledge achieved thus far and then solve new problems by developing applications of the accepted theory. This model, which presupposes a positivist theory of science, is incapable of explaining why the major breakthroughs in science have been carried out by young researchers. On the idealizational view of science, it becomes clear that commonsensical model must be rejected and replaced with an alternative, according to which the primary (...)
     
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  24. Jak pojmować życzliwość wobec bliźniego.Leszek Nowak - 2001 - Przeglad Filozoficzny - Nowa Seria 39 (3):312-323.
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  25.  34
    On Some Interpretation of the Marxist Methodology.Leszek Nowak - 1976 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 7 (1):141-183.
    The peculiarity of Marx's investigation method is the use of idealization, i. e. idealizing assumptions are introduced, the laws, being in force under these assumptions, are being established, and then these assumptions are being removed with the simultaneous modification of the law. This method has not been recognized in the contemporary methodology because it assumes the essentialist vision of reality while contemporary methodology developed from the phenomenalism which negates the differentiation between essence and experience.
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  26.  16
    Thoughts Are Facts in Possible Worlds, Truths Are Facts of a Given World.Leszek NowAK - 1991 - Dialectica 45 (4):273-288.
    Mentalism preserves the triad: brain's state — thought — state of affairs whereas phy‐sicalism identifies the former two elements of it. Both stands meet the famous difficulties. But these presuppose ontological actualism. On the ground of ontological possibilism, claiming the existence of all possible worlds, one may identify a thought with the corresponding state of affairs in a possible world. Yet, possibilism turns out to be too narrow to carry such an identification and requires a significant generalization.
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  27.  3
    Antirealism,(Supra-) Reausm and Idealization.Leszek Nowak - 1995 - In HerfelWilliam (ed.), Theories and Models in Scientific Processes. Rodopi. pp. 44--225.
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  28.  42
    Intellectuals in the Age of Revolutions: The Case of the Socialist World.Leszek Nowak - 1990 - Thesis Eleven 27 (1):167-172.
  29.  43
    The Stage Method, Idealization, and the Nature of Dialectics.Leszek Nowak - 1989 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 19 (1):81-87.
  30.  8
    Idealization Ii: Forms and Applications.Jerzy Brzezinski, Francesco Coniglione, Theo A. F. Kuipers & Leszek Nowak - 1990 - Rodopi.
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  31.  9
    The Idea of the University.Jerzy Brzeziński & Leszek Nowak (eds.) - 1997 - Rodopi.
    Contents: INTRODUCTION. Kazimierz TWARDOWSKI: The Majesty of the University. I. Zygmunt ZIEMBI??N??SKI: What Can Be Saved of the Idea of the University? Leszek KO??l??AKOWSKI: What Are Universities for? Leon GUMA??N??SKI: The Ideal University and Reality. Zygmunt BAUMAN: The Present Crisis of the Universities. II. Kazimierz AJDUKIEWICZ: On Freedom of Science. Henryk SAMSONOWICZ: Universities and Democracy. Jerzy TOPOLSKI: The Commonwealth of Scholars and New Conceptions of Truth. Klemens SZANIAWSKI: Plus ratio quam vis. III. Leon KOJ: Science, Teaching and Values. Klemens SZANIAWSKI: (...)
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  32. Przestrzenie Swiadomo Sci Studia Z Filozofii Literatury.Andrzej Falkiewicz & Leszek Nowak - 1996
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  33. Analiza Etyki XX-Wiecznej (George C. Kerner, The Revolution In Ethical Theory).Leszek Nowak - 1970 - Etyka 7:188-191.
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  34. Dobro i zło w świetle logiki perfekcji.Leszek Nowak - 1973 - Etyka 12:157-162.
    G. H. von Wright’s definition of the concept of good reads: the state of a thing p is good when it is preferred by that subject before the state of affairs non-p. This definition implies that when a man sentenced to death has no other choice except between death on the gallows or after tortures and when he chooses the former kind of death, then death by hanging is good for him. A certain way of escaping this consequence is outlined (...)
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  35.  8
    Dimensions of the Historical Process.Leszek Nowak (ed.) - 1989 - Rodopi.
    EDITOR'S INTRODUCTION The present volume belongs to the theory of historical process. That domain of science seems to be as made as all the theoretical ...
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  36. Dimensions of the historical process, « Posnań studies in the philosophy of the sciences and the humanities », vol. 13.Leszek Nowak - 1990 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 180 (1):101-102.
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  37. Essays.Leszek Nowak - 1974 - B. R. Grüner Publishing Co.
     
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  38. Gombrowicz Cz±Owiek Wobec Ludzi.Leszek Nowak - 2000
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  39. Ideology Versus Utopia.Leszek Nowak - 1986 - In Piotr Buczkowski & Andrzej Klawiter (eds.), Theories of Ideology and Ideology of Theories. Rodopi.
     
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  40. Kilka uwag o postulacie jasności i pojęciu analizy językowej.Leszek Nowak - 1970 - Studia Semiotyczne 1:109-122.
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  41. Marksizm Dzisiaj.Leszek Nowak - 2007 - Przeglad Filozoficzny - Nowa Seria 63.
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  42. Marksizm, Liberalizm, Próby Wyj Scia.Leszek Nowak & Piotr Przybysz - 1997
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  43. Marxian Methodology Leads to the Generalization of Historical Materialism.Leszek Nowak - 1982 - In Hayward R. Alker (ed.), Dialectical Logics for the Political Sciences. Rodopi.
     
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  44. Metoda zmiennych relewantnych a idealizacja.Leszek Nowak - 1993 - Filozofia Nauki 1.
    The paper deals with the L.J.Cohen's method of relevant variables, which is supposed to be a reconstruction of idealization in science. The author is going to show that Cohen's method is not a method of idealization, but a certain similar procedure. Nevertheless, the method of relevant variables can be paraphrased as the method of normalization and specification. This paraphrase allows the idealization approach to science better to handle the complexity of empirical research in science.
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  45. O płynności teorii naukowej. Na marginesie książki Andrzeja Klawitera „Postawa badawcza i struktura wyboru teoretycznego”.Leszek Nowak - 1993 - Filozofia Nauki 4.
    The author, starting from the critical review of Andrzej Klawiter's book (in Polish) „Research attitude and the structure of theoretical choice”, comes to consider questions concerning the opposition act/product in science and the problem of scientific interpretation. The considerations give him an occasion to formulate some rules of canonical scientific text formation (i.e. rules of cognitivism, clarity, contradiction, logical consistency, completness and consistency of interpretation).
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  46. O pojęciu wyrażania.Leszek Nowak - 1971 - Studia Semiotyczne 2:89-97.
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  47. Of Some Modifications of the Concept of Dialectical Correspondence.Leszek Nowak - 1974 - Dialectics and Humanism 1 (3):73-78.
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  48. Odpowiedź Zdzisławowi Ziembie.Leszek Nowak - 1975 - Etyka 14:289-307.
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  49. Przyczynek do kwestii statusu ocen w języku nauki.Leszek Nowak - 1970 - Etyka 7:145-158.
    The author quotes some opinions according to which the valuations have no cognitive value: the valuations have no truth-value; they cannot be decided basing on experience; the have no significance in the semiotic sense of the term; no problematic of the semiotic characteristic of valuation should be taken up, as they are not problems of cognitive value; valuative expressions do not belong to the science. The author analyses mainly the 5th opinion. It can be understood in three ways: as a (...)
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  50. Pewne Parafrazy Pojęcia Substancji.Leszek Nowak - 2007 - Przeglad Filozoficzny - Nowa Seria 63.
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