Results for 'Leslie P. Scheunemann'

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  1.  48
    How do clinicians prepare family members for the role of surrogate decision-maker?V. Cunningham Thomas, P. Scheunemann Leslie, M. Arnold Robert & White Douglas - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (1):21-26.
    Purpose Although surrogate decision-making is prevalent in intensive care units and concerns with decision quality are well documented, little is known about how clinicians help family members understand the surrogate role. We investigated whether and how clinicians provide normative guidance to families regarding how to function as a surrogate. Subjects and methods We audiorecorded and transcribed 73 ICU family conferences in which clinicians anticipated discussing goals of care for incapacitated patients at high risk of death. We developed and applied a (...)
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  2.  24
    How do clinicians prepare family members for the role of surrogate decision-maker?Thomas V. Cunningham, Leslie P. Scheunemann, Robert M. Arnold & Douglas White - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics Recent Issues 44 (1):21-26.
    Purpose Although surrogate decision-making is prevalent in intensive care units and concerns with decision quality are well documented, little is known about how clinicians help family members understand the surrogate role. We investigated whether and how clinicians provide normative guidance to families regarding how to function as a surrogate. Subjects and methods We audiorecorded and transcribed 73 ICU family conferences in which clinicians anticipated discussing goals of care for incapacitated patients at high risk of death. We developed and applied a (...)
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  3.  44
    How infectious diseases got left out – and what this omission might have meant for bioethics.Leslie P. Francis, Margaret P. Battin, Jay A. Jacobson, Charles B. Smith & And Jeffrey Botkin - 2005 - Bioethics 19 (4):307–322.
    ABSTRACT In this article, we first document the virtually complete absence of infectious disease examples and concerns at the time bioethics emerged as a field. We then argue that this oversight was not benign by considering two central issues in the field, informed consent and distributive justice, and showing how they might have been framed differently had infectiousness been at the forefront of concern. The solution to this omission might be to apply standard approaches in liberal bioethics, such as autonomy (...)
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  4.  46
    How Infectious Diseases Got Left Out – and What This Omission Might Have Meant for Bioethics.Leslie P. Francis, Margaret P. Battin, Jay A. Jacobson, Charles B. Smith & Jeffrey Botkin - 2005 - Bioethics 19 (4):307-322.
    ABSTRACT In this article, we first document the virtually complete absence of infectious disease examples and concerns at the time bioethics emerged as a field. We then argue that this oversight was not benign by considering two central issues in the field, informed consent and distributive justice, and showing how they might have been framed differently had infectiousness been at the forefront of concern. The solution to this omission might be to apply standard approaches in liberal bioethics, such as autonomy (...)
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  5.  10
    Thinking about the Good: Reconfiguring Liberal Metaphysics (or Not) for People with Cognitive Disabilities.Leslie P. Francis & Anita Silvers - 2010 - In Armen T. Marsoobian, Brian J. Huschle, Eric Cavallero, Eva Feder Kittay & Licia Carlson (eds.), Cognitive Disability and Its Challenge to Moral Philosophy. Oxford, UK: Wiley‐Blackwell. pp. 237–259.
    This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction: Liberalism and Inclusiveness Liberalism: Political and Metaphysical Collaborating on Ideas of the Good Powers of Self‐Control Conclusion References.
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  6. Understanding Autonomy in Light of Intellectual Disability.Leslie P. Francis - 2009 - In Kimberley Brownlee & Adam Cureton (eds.), Disability and Disadvantage. Oxford University Press.
     
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  7.  79
    Neuronal and glial morphology in olfactory systems: Significance for information-processing and underlying developmental mechanisms.P. Tolbert Leslie, A. Oland Lynne, C. Christensen Thomas & R. Goriely Anita - 2003 - Brain and Mind 4 (1):27-49.
    The shapes of neurons and glial cells dictate many important aspects of their functions. In olfactory systems, certain architectural features are characteristics of these two cell types across a wide variety of species. The accumulated evidence suggests that these common features may play fundamental roles in olfactoryinformation processing. For instance, the primary olfactory neuropil in most vertebrate and invertebrate olfactory systems is organized into discrete modules called glomeruli. Inside each glomerulus, sensory axons and CNS neurons branch and synapse in patterns (...)
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  8.  19
    Data Citizenship and Informed Consent.Leslie P. Francis & John G. Francis - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (4):38 - 39.
  9.  46
    Syndromic Surveillance and Patients as Victims and Vectors.Leslie P. Francis, Margaret P. Battin, Jay Jacobson & Charles Smith - 2009 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 6 (2):187-195.
    Syndromic surveillance uses new ways of gathering data to identify possible disease outbreaks. Because syndromic surveillance can be implemented to detect patterns before diseases are even identified, it poses novel problems for informed consent, patient privacy and confidentiality, and risks of stigmatization. This paper analyzes these ethical issues from the viewpoint of the patient as victim and vector. It concludes by pointing out that the new International Health Regulations fail to take full account of the ethical challenges raised by syndromic (...)
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  10.  36
    Title IX: Equality for Women's Sports?Leslie P. Francis - 1993 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 20 (1):32-47.
  11.  19
    Deliberative Democracy and the Use of Data for Public Health: Comments on Gould.Leslie P. Francis & John G. Francis - 2019 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 36 (2):192-197.
  12.  6
    Discrimination in medical practice : justice and the obligations of health care providers to disadvantaged patients.Leslie P. Francis - 2007 - In Rosamond Rhodes, Leslie Francis & Anita Silvers (eds.), The Blackwell Guide to Medical Ethics. Oxford, UK: Blackwell. pp. 162–179.
    The prelims comprise: -/- The Risk of Injustice and Characterizing a Group as “Vulnerable”; Discrimination and Distributive Justice: Some Background Choices for Providers; Life-Cycles: Children, Pregnant Women, and the Elderly; The Significance of Injustice; Disability; Race; People in Poverty and Immigrants; Conclusion; Notes; References.
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  13. International criminal courts, the rule of law, and the prevention of harm : building justice in times of injustice.Leslie P. Francis & John G. Francis - 2010 - In Larry May & Zachary Hoskins (eds.), International Criminal Law and Philosophy. Cambridge University Press.
  14. IX: equality for women's sports?Leslie P. Francis & W. J. Morgan - 2007 - In William J. Morgan (ed.), Ethics in Sport. Human Kinetics. pp. 2--315.
     
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  15.  25
    Introduction: Technology and New Challenges for Privacy.Leslie P. Francis - 2014 - Journal of Social Philosophy 45 (3):291-303.
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  16. Pandemic planning and distributive justice in health care.Leslie P. Francis, Margaret P. Battin, Jay A. Jacobson & Charles B. Smith - 2008 - In Michael D. A. Freeman (ed.), Law and Bioethics / Edited by Michael Freeman. Oxford University Press.
     
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  17.  19
    Response: Comstock on Autonomy.Leslie P. Francis - 1992 - Between the Species 8 (1):5.
  18.  25
    Calvin and the arts.Leslie P. Spelman - 1948 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 6 (3):246-252.
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  19.  30
    Luther and the arts.Leslie P. Spelman - 1951 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 10 (2):166-175.
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  20.  5
    Consequences of Rejecting Constructivism:" Hold Tight and Pedal Fast".Leslie P. Steffe - 2010 - Constructivist Foundations 6 (1).
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  21.  30
    Possibilities for the construction of a sense of number by animals.Leslie P. Steffe - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (4):598-599.
  22. Stateless Crimes, Legitimacy, and International Criminal Law: The Case of Organ Trafficking. [REVIEW]Leslie P. Francis & John G. Francis - 2010 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 4 (3):283-295.
    Organ trafficking and trafficking in persons for the purpose of organ transplantation are recognized as significant international problems. Yet these forms of trafficking are largely left out of international criminal law regimes and to some extent of domestic criminal law regimes as well. Trafficking of organs or persons for their organs does not come within the jurisdiction of the ICC, except in very special cases such as when conducted in a manner that conforms to the definitions of genocide or crimes (...)
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  23.  4
    Introduction.Rosamond Rhodes, Leslie P. Francis & Anita Silvers - 2007 - In Rosamond Rhodes, Leslie P. Francis & Anita Silvers (eds.), The Blackwell Guide to Medical Ethics. Oxford, UK: Blackwell. pp. 1–14.
    The prelims comprise: Part I Part II Note.
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  24.  27
    Concerns About Justification for Fetal Genome Sequencing.Jeffrey R. Botkin, Leslie P. Francis & Nancy C. Rose - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (1):23-25.
  25.  20
    When Is Age Choosing Ageist Discrimination?Teneille R. Brown, Leslie P. Francis & James Tabery - 2020 - Hastings Center Report 51 (1):13-15.
    When the Covid‐19 pandemic reached the United States in spring 2020, many states and hospitals announced crisis standards of care plans that used age as a categorical exclusion criterion. Such age choosing was quickly flagged as discriminatory, and so some states and hospitals shifted to embedding age as a tiebreaker deeper in their plans. Different rationales were given for using age as a tiebreaker: that younger patients were more likely to survive than older patients, that saving younger patients would save (...)
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  26.  26
    Justice and Intellectual Disability In A Pandemic.Ryan H. Nelson & Leslie P. Francis - 2020 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 30 (3):319-338.
    If the COVID-19 crisis has brought any benefits, one is the increased attention paid to persons with disabilities in the contexts of clinical medicine and public health. There has been a great deal of insightful discussion since the outbreak about controversial disability issues the pandemic has brought to light. For a population often overlooked in both academic circles and the public square, mere visibility is a victory. There are at least two important respects in which the discussion remains underdeveloped, however.First, (...)
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  27.  22
    Privacy, Confidentiality, and Justice.John G. Francis & Leslie P. Francis - 2014 - Journal of Social Philosophy 45 (3):408-431.
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  28.  10
    The Patient as Victim and Vector: The Challenge of Infectious Disease for Bioethics.Margaret P. Battin, Leslie P. Francis, Jay A. Jacobson & Charles B. Smith - 2007 - In Rosamond Rhodes, Leslie P. Francis & Anita Silvers (eds.), The Blackwell Guide to Medical Ethics. Oxford, UK: Blackwell. pp. 269–288.
    The prelims comprise: Seeing Infectious Disease as Central The Birth of Bioethics Amid the Decline of Infectious Disease The Shifting Concerns of Public Health Bioethics and Public Health: How the Twain Didn't Meet The Case of HIV Bridging the Gap: Seeing Bioethics in Terms of the Patient as Victim and Vector An Ordinary Example Summing Up: Autonomous Agency in the Context of Infectious Disease Notes.
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  29.  8
    Death, Dying and the Ending of Life.Margaret P. Battin & Leslie P. Francis - 2007 - Routledge.
    Addressing key issues arising from the nature of death, 'Death, Dying and the Ending of Life' examines important topics relating to bioethics, philosophy and literature.
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  30.  44
    Laura Palazzani’s Gender in Philosophy and Law. [REVIEW]Leslie P. Francis - 2013 - Journal of Philosophy, Science and Law 13:1-3.
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  31.  58
    The Faces of Intellectual Disability. [REVIEW]Leslie P. Francis - 2012 - Social Theory and Practice 38 (2):370-376.
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  32.  21
    Embedding the Problems Doesn’t Make Them Go Away.Teneille R. Brown, Leslie P. Francis & James Tabery - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (7):109-111.
    Volume 20, Issue 7, July 2020, Page 109-111.
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  33. "The Language of Modern Music": Donald Mitchell. [REVIEW]Leslie P. Spelman - 1963 - British Journal of Aesthetics 3 (4):378.
     
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  34.  17
    Sustaining Surveillance: The Importance of Information for Public Health.John G. Francis & Leslie P. Francis - 2021 - Springer Verlag.
    This book presents a comprehensive theory of the ethics and political philosophy of public health surveillance based on reciprocal obligations among surveillers, those under surveillance, and others potentially affected by surveillance practices. Public health surveillance aims to identify emerging health trends, population health trends, treatment efficacy, and methods of health promotion--all apparently laudatory goals. Nonetheless, as with anti-terrorism surveillance, public health surveillance raises complex questions about privacy, political liberty, and justice both of and in data use. Individuals and groups can (...)
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  35.  22
    Toward Control of Infectious Disease: Ethical Challenges for a Global Effort.Charles B. Smith, Leslie P. Francis & Jay A. Jacobson - 2008 - In Michael Boylan (ed.), International Public Health Policy & Ethics. Dordrecht. pp. 191--214.
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  36. Ethics, pandemics, and the duty to treat.Heidi Malm, Thomas May, Leslie P. Francis, Saad B. Omer, Daniel A. Salmon & Robert Hood - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (8):4 – 19.
    Numerous grounds have been offered for the view that healthcare workers have a duty to treat, including expressed consent, implied consent, special training, reciprocity (also called the social contract view), and professional oaths and codes. Quite often, however, these grounds are simply asserted without being adequately defended or without the defenses being critically evaluated. This essay aims to help remedy that problem by providing a critical examination of the strengths and weaknesses of each of these five grounds for asserting that (...)
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  37.  64
    Are there characteristics of infectious diseases that raise special ethical issues?Charles B. Smith, Margaret P. Battin, Jay A. Jacobson, Leslie P. Francis, Jeffrey R. Botkin, Emily P. Asplund, Gretchen J. Domek & Beverly Hawkins - 2004 - Developing World Bioethics 4 (1):1–16.
    This paper examines the characteristics of infectious diseases that raise special medical and social ethical issues, and explores ways of integrating both current bioethical and classical public health ethics concerns. Many of the ethical issues raised by infectious diseases are related to these diseases' powerful ability to engender fear in individuals and panic in populations. We address the association of some infectious diseases with high morbidity and mortality rates, the sense that infectious diseases are caused by invasion or attack on (...)
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  38.  27
    Decedents’ Reported Preferences for Physician-Assisted Death: A Survey of Informants Listed on Death Certificates in Utah.Jay A. Jacobson, Evelyn M. Kasworm, Margaret P. Battin, Jeffrey R. Botkin, Leslie P. Francis & David Green - 1995 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 6 (2):149-157.
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  39.  19
    Are there Characteristics of Infectious Diseases that Raise Special Ethical Issues? 1.Charles B. Smith, Margaret P. Battin, Jay A. Jacobson, Leslie P. Francis, Jeffrey R. Botkin, Emily P. Asplund, Gretchen J. Domek & Beverly Hawkins - 2004 - Developing World Bioethics 4 (1):1-16.
    This paper examines the characteristics of infectious diseases that raise special medical and social ethical issues, and explores ways of integrating both current bioethical and classical public health ethics concerns. Many of the ethical issues raised by infectious diseases are related to these diseases’ powerful ability to engender fear in individuals and panic in populations. We address the association of some infectious diseases with high morbidity and mortality rates, the sense that infectious diseases are caused by invasion or attack on (...)
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  40.  7
    Toward Control of Infectious Disease: Ethical Challenges for a Global Effort.Margaret P. Battin, Charles B. Smith, Leslie P. Francis & Jay A. Jacobson - 2023 - In Michael Boylan (ed.), International Public Health Policy and Ethics. Springer Verlag. pp. 207-231.
    In this view from 2007–2009, the ethical challenges facing a potential global effort to control infectious disease are explored; they provide sobering insight into the challenges of later decades. Despite the devastating pandemic of HIV/AIDS that erupted in the early 1980s, despite the failure to eradicate polio and the emergence of resistant forms of tuberculosis that came into focus in the 1990s, and despite newly emerging diseases like Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) in 2003 and the fearsome prospect of human-to-human (...)
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  41. Knowledge and ability in "theory of mind": A one-eyed overview of a debate.Alan M. Leslie & T. P. German - 1995 - In Martin Davies & Tony Stone (eds.), Mental Simulation. Blackwell. pp. 123--151.
     
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  42.  41
    Should rapid tests for hiv infection now be mandatory during pregnancy? Global differences in scarcity and a dilemma of technological advance.Charles B. Smith, Margaret P. Battin, Leslie P. Francis & Jay A. Jacobson - 2007 - Developing World Bioethics 7 (2):86–103.
    Since testing for HIV infection became possible in 1985, testing of pregnant women has been conducted primarily on a voluntary, ‘opt-in’ basis. Faden, Geller and Powers, Bayer, Wilfert, and McKenna, among others, have suggested that with the development of more reliable testing and more effective therapy to reduce maternal-fetal transmission, testing should become either routine with ‘opt-out’ provisions or mandatory. We ask, in the light of the new rapid tests for HIV, such as OraQuick, and the development of antiretroviral treatment (...)
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  43.  14
    An Externalist, Process-Based Approach to Supported Decision-Making.Michael Ashley Stein, Barbara E. Bierer & Leslie P. Francis - 2022 - American Journal of Bioethics 22 (10):55-58.
    Pickering et al. argue that judgments of competence should in part be based on the harm that could result from the decision. The centerpiece of their reasoning is that it is inconsistent...
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  44. Facing Ethical Challenges in the Workplace: Conceptualizing and Measuring Professional Moral Courage.Leslie E. Sekerka, Richard P. Bagozzi & Richard Charnigo - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 89 (4):565-579.
    Scholars have shown renewed interest in the construct of courage. Recent studies have explored its theoretical underpinnings and measurement. Yet courage is generally discussed in its broad form to include physical, psychological, and moral features. To understand a more practical form of moral courage, research is needed to uncover how ethical challenges are effectively managed in organizational settings. We argue that professional moral courage (PMC) is a managerial competency. To describe it and derive items for scale development, we studied managers (...)
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  45. Moral courage in the workplace: Moving to and from the desire and decision to act.Leslie E. Sekerka & Richard P. Bagozzi - 2007 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 16 (2):132–149.
  46.  33
    Moral courage in the workplace: moving to and from the desire and decision to act.Leslie E. Sekerka & Richard P. Bagozzi - 2007 - Business Ethics: A European Review 16 (2):132-149.
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  47.  45
    Bispectral index monitoring to prevent awareness during anaesthesia: The b-aware randomised controlled trial.P. S. Myles, K. Leslie, J. McNeil, A. Forbes & M. T. V. Chan - 2004 - Lancet 363 (9423).
  48.  13
    Religious Actors and Transitional Justice.Leslie Vinjamuri & Aaron P. Boesenecker - 2008 - In Thomas Banchoff (ed.), Religious Pluralism, Globalization and World Politics. Oxford University Press. pp. 155.
  49.  20
    Striking a Balance: A Primer in Traditional Asian Values.Karen Leslie Carr & P. J. Ivanhoe - 2000 - Qc Press.
    This work provides a comprehensive introduction to Asian ethics, covering Hinduism, Buddhism, Zen Buddhism, Taoism and Confucianism. Each chapter comprises historical background, essential ethical themes or topics, primary sources and more.
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  50.  99
    Varieties of off-line simulation.Shaun Nichols, Stephen P. Stich, Alan M. Leslie & David B. Klein - 1996 - In Peter Carruthers & Peter K. Smith (eds.), [Book Chapter]. Cambridge University Press. pp. 39-74.
    The debate over off-line simulation has largely focussed on the capacity to predict behavior, but the basic idea of off-line simulation can be cast in a much broader framework. The central claim of the off-line account of behavior prediction is that the practical reasoning mechanism is taken off-line and used for predicting behavior. However, there's no reason to suppose that the idea of off-line simulation can't be extended to mechanisms other than the practical reasoning system. In principle, any cognitive component (...)
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