Results for 'Leslie B. Cohen'

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  1.  41
    Labels Can Override Perceptual Categories in Early Infancy.Kim Plunkett, Jon-Fan Hu & Leslie B. Cohen - 2008 - Cognition 106 (2):665-681.
  2.  17
    Effect of Spatial Separation of Stimulus, Response, and Reinforcement on Selective Learning in Children.Wendell E. Jeffrey & Leslie B. Cohen - 1964 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 67 (6):577.
  3. Prayer is Therapy-Cynthia B. Cohen, Sondra E. Wheeler, and David A. Scott Reply.C. B. Cohen, S. E. Wheeler & D. A. Scott - 2000 - Hastings Center Report 30 (6):5-5.
  4.  15
    On Stephen C. Pepper's "on the Uses of Symbolism in Sculpture and Painting".Leslie B. Nerio - 1969 - Philosophy East and West 19 (3):286-289.
  5. The One and the Many.Gareth B. Matthews & S. Marc Cohen - 1968 - Review of Metaphysics 21 (4):630-655.
    We discuss Aristotle's "Categories" as an answer to Plato's One-over-Many argument. For Plato, F-ness is something "over against" particular F things; to predicate "F" of these things is to assert that they all stand in a certain relation to F-ness. Aristotle answers that predication is classification; and there being a classification of a certain sort is a fact correlative with there being things classifiable in the way the classification in question would classify them.
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  6.  20
    B. Cohen (Ed.): The Distaff Side: Representing the Female in Homer's Odyssey. Pp. Xviii + 229, 60 Plates. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 1995. Cased, £30 (Paper, £15.99). ISBN: 0-19-508682-1 (0-19-508683-X). [REVIEW]Richard Hawley - 1997 - The Classical Review 47 (02):412-.
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  7. Cynthia B. Cohen, Renewing the Stuff of Life: Stem Cells, Ethics, and Public Policy.David Elliott - 2009 - Philosophy in Review 29 (2):92.
     
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  8.  3
    B. Cohen : The Distaff Side: Representing the Female in Homer's Odyssey. Pp. Xviii + 229, 60 Plates. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 1995. Cased, £30 . ISBN: 0-19-508682-1. [REVIEW]Richard Hawley - 1997 - The Classical Review 47 (2):412-412.
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  9. Beyond the Prevention of Harm: Animal Disease Policy as a Moral Question.Franck L. B. Meijboom, Nina Cohen, Elsbeth N. Stassen & Frans W. A. Brom - 2009 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 22 (6):559-571.
    European animal disease policy seems to find its justification in a “harm to other” principle. Limiting the freedom of animal keepers—e.g., by culling their animals—is justified by the aim to prevent harm, i.e., the spreading of the disease. The picture, however, is more complicated. Both during the control of outbreaks and in the prevention of notifiable, animal diseases the government is confronted with conflicting claims of stakeholders who anticipate running a risk to be harmed by each other, and who ask (...)
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  10. Wants and Lacks.Gareth B. Matthews & S. Marc Cohen - 1967 - Journal of Philosophy 64 (14):455-456.
    Anthony Kenny says it is impossible to want what one already has and knows one has. We present a counter-example and then suggest that Kenny may have been misled by the fact that wanting expresses itself in goal-directed behavior. From the truism that one's behavior cannot be directed toward a goal that one knows one has already attained, Kenny may have been led to suppose that behavior directed toward an as yet unattained goal cannot express one's desire for what one (...)
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  11.  37
    The Logic of Religious Language1: CYNTHIA B. COHEN.Cynthia B. Cohen - 1973 - Religious Studies 9 (2):143-155.
    Expressions used in religious contexts have often seemed odd and paradoxical to philosophers. Statements have appeared in Christian discourse to the effect that God is not a person and yet is a person, that he is a servant and a king, that he is nothingness and being itself. These statements appear unintelligible either because their terms are self-contradictory or because they are mutually exclusive.
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  12. Does the Autistic Child Have a “Theory of Mind”?Simon Baron-Cohen, Alan M. Leslie & Uta Frith - 1985 - Cognition 21 (1):37-46.
    We use a new model of metarepresentational development to predict a cognitive deficit which could explain a crucial component of the social impairment in childhood autism. One of the manifestations of a basic metarepresentational capacity is a ‘ theory of mind ’. We have reason to believe that autistic children lack such a ‘ theory ’. If this were so, then they would be unable to impute beliefs to others and to predict their behaviour. This hypothesis was tested using Wimmer (...)
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  13. Human Affairs: An Exposition of What Science Can Do for Man.R. B. Cattell, J. Cohen & R. M. W. Travers - 1939 - Philosophy 14 (54):238-238.
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  14.  20
    Contextual and Individual Dimensions of Taxpayer Decision Making.Valentina L. Zamora, Gil B. Manzon & Jeffrey Cohen - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 126 (4):631-647.
    We examine whether a taxpayer’s decision to choose a taxpayer-favorable characterization of income is associated with contextual and individual dimensions of that decision. Using a 2 × 2 factorial experimental design, we manipulate the prevailing social norm on whether there is a general belief that a specific form of income should be characterized as a capital gain or as ordinary income, and the group affiliation on whether the individual is making a tax characterization decision as a sole proprietor or as (...)
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  15.  2
    Infant Perception and Cognition: Recent Advances, Emerging Theories, and Future Directions.Lisa M. Oakes, Cara Cashon, Marianella Casasola & David Rakison (eds.) - 2010 - Oxford University Press USA.
    The cognitive revolution in the 1950s and 1960s led researchers to view the human mind--like a computer--as an information-processing system that encodes, represents, and stores information and is constrained by limits on hardware and software. The emergence of new behavioral, computational, and neuroscience methodologies, has deeply expanded psychologists' understanding of the workings of the infant, child, and adult mind. One result is that research has focused on mechanisms of change, over developmental time, in the information-processing mind.In this book, Lisa Oakes, (...)
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  16. The Birth of Meaning in Hindu Thought.David B. Zilberman & R. Cohen - 1989 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 51 (4):736-736.
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  17.  13
    Ethics and Research with Undergraduates.Kenneth A. Richman & Leslie B. Alexander - 2006 - Ethics and Education 1 (2):163-175.
    Ethicists, researchers and policy makers have paid increasing attention to the ethical conduct of research, especially research involving human beings. Research performed with and by undergraduates poses a specific set of ethical challenges. These challenges are often overlooked by the research community because it is assumed that undergraduate student researchers do not have a significant impact on the research community and that their projects are not host to research posing important ethical issues. This paper identifies several features characteristic of research (...)
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  18.  30
    How Do Street-Level Research Workers Think About the Ethics of Doing Research “On the Ground” With Marginalized Target Populations?Kenneth A. Richman, Leslie B. Alexander & Gala True - 2015 - Ajob Empirical Bioethics 6 (2):1-11.
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  19. Epiphenomenalism and the Notion of Causation.Sven Walter, B. McLaughlin & J. Cohen - 2009 - In Martina Fürst, Wolfgang Gombocz & Christian Hiebaum (eds.), Gehirne Und Personen. Ontos.
  20.  24
    Art and Archaeology (B.) Cohen The Colors of Clay. Special Techniques in Athenian Vases. Los Angeles: The J. Paul Getty Museum, 2006. Pp. Xii + 371, Col. Illus., Map. £55. 9780892365715. [REVIEW]Brian A. Sparkes - 2007 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 127:224-.
  21.  48
    Future Directions for Oversight of Stem Cell Research in the United States.Cynthia B. Cohen Mary A. Majumder - 2009 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 19 (1):pp. 79-103.
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  22. Acting Intentionally and the Side-Effect Effect: 'Theory of Mind' and Moral Judgment.Joshua Knobe, Adam Cohen & Alan Leslie - 2006 - Psychological Science 17:421-427.
    The concept of acting intentionally is an important nexus where ‘theory of mind’ and moral judgment meet. Preschool children’s judgments of intentional action show a valence-driven asymmetry. Children say that a foreseen but disavowed side-effect is brought about 'on purpose' when the side-effect itself is morally bad but not when it is morally good. This is the first demonstration in preschoolers that moral judgment influences judgments of ‘on-purpose’ (as opposed to purpose influencing moral judgment). Judgments of intentional action are usually (...)
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  23. International Stem Cell Tourism and the Need for Effective Regulation: Part I: Stem Cell Tourism in Russia and India: Clinical Research, Innovative Treatment, or Unproven Hype?Cynthia B. Cohen Peter J. Cohen - 2010 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 20 (1):pp. 27-49.
  24.  2
    The French Encounter with Africans: White Response to Blacks, 1530-1880. William B. Cohen.Henrika Kuklick - 1981 - Isis 72 (2):308-309.
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  25. International Stem Cell Tourism and the Need for Effective Regulation: Part II: Developing Sound Oversight Measures and Effective Patient Support.Cynthia B. Cohen Peter J. Cohen - 2010 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 20 (3):207-230.
    Clinics and hospitals around the globe are offering stem cell treatments to persons with serious conditions for whom no effective therapies are available in their home countries. Many of these treatments, which are touted as cures for such conditions as Parkinson's and Alzheimer's Diseases, multiple sclerosis, and spinal cord injuries, have not gone through clinical trials that establish their safety and efficacy. Indeed, it is unclear whether some of them even utilize stem cells. State regulation of these therapies tends to (...)
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  26.  4
    Eighty-First Critical Bibliography of The History of Science and Its Cultural Influences.Conway Zirkle, John F. Fulton, I. E. Drabkin, Carl B. Boyer, I. Bernard Cohen & Katharine Strelsky - 1956 - Isis 47 (3):247-360.
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  27.  12
    A History of Platinum and Its Allied Metals. Donald McDonald, Leslie B. Hunt.James Mulholland - 1983 - Isis 74 (3):430-431.
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  28.  22
    Histoire Générale des Sciences, Publiée Sous la Direction de René Taton. Vol. II, La Science Moderne . G. Allard, E. Bauer, G. Canguilhem, J. Chesneaux, I. B. Cohen, P. Costabel, M. Daumas, A. Davy de Virville, P. Delaunay, R. Dugas, L. Dulieu, J. Filliozat, R. Furon, É. Guyénot, J. Itard, A. Koyré, R. Lenoble, J. Lévy, Ch. Morazé, J. Needham, J. Rostand, J. Taton, R. Taton, M.-A. Tonnelat, G. Walusinski. [REVIEW]Marie Boas Hall - 1960 - Isis 51 (4):574-576.
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  29.  16
    Ethics in Reproductive and Perinatal Medicine: A New Framework, by Carson Strong. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1997. 247 Pp. The Perfect Baby: A Pragmatic Approach to Genetics, by Glenn McGee. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield, 1997. 166 Pp. New Ways of Making Babies: The Case of Egg Donation, by Cynthia B. Cohen, Ed. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1996. 332 Pp. [REVIEW]Julien S. Murphy - 1998 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 7 (2):226-229.
    The major dilemma for bioethics is choosing an appropriate method of ethical analysis, one that when applied to individual cases can illuminate if not resolve vexing ethical issues for providers and their patients. Two of these books offer direction in this regard. The framework Carson Strong adopts and makes a compelling case for in EthicsinReproductiveandPerinatalMedicine:ANewFramework is one of modified casuistry. Casuistry, imported to bioethics by Jonsen and Toulmin, is a practical, case-based method of ethical decisionmaking. It relies on comparison between (...)
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  30.  1
    The Faces of Reason an Essay on Philosophy and Culture in English Canada 1850-1950.Leslie Armour, B. A. Leslie Armour & Elizabeth Trott - 1981 - Wilfrid Laurier Univ. Press.
    The Faces of Reason traces the history of philosophy in English Canada from 1850 to 1950, examining the major English-Canadian philosophers in detail adn setting them in the context of the main currents of Canadian thought. The book concludes with a brief survey of the period after 1950. What is distinctive in Canadian philosophy, say the authors, is the concept of reason and the uses to which it is put. Reason has interacted with experience in a new world and a (...)
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  31.  49
    Required Reconsideration of "Do-Not-Resuscitate" Orders in the Operating Room and Certain Other Treatment Settings.Cynthia B. Cohen & Peter J. Cohen - 1992 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 20 (4):354-363.
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  32.  27
    Required Reconsideration of "Do-Not-Resuscitate" Orders in the Operating Room and Certain Other Treatment Settings.Cynthia B. Cohen & Peter J. Cohen - 1992 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 20 (4):354-363.
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  33.  26
    A Review Of: “David H. Smith and Cynthia B. Cohen , A Christian Response to the New Genetics: Religious, Ethical and Social Issues.”: New York, NY: Rowman and Littlefield, 2003. 208 Pp. $24.95, Paperback. [REVIEW]Lisa Sowle Cahill - 2006 - American Journal of Bioethics 6 (4):78-79.
  34.  9
    Short Notices of Books Isaac Newton's Papers and Letters on Natural Philosophy. Edited by I. B. Cohen. 2nd Edn. Cambridge, Mass. & London: Harvard University Press, 1978. Pp. 450 + Xii. £18.55. [REVIEW]J. W. Herivel - 1980 - British Journal for the History of Science 13 (2):181-181.
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  35.  6
    The Capacity of the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey to Inform the Affordable Care Act.Steven B. Cohen & Joel W. Cohen - 2013 - Inquiry: The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing 50 (2):124-134.
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  36.  4
    The Duty to Obey the Law: Selected Philosophical Readings.Leslie Green, Kent Greenawalt, Nancy J. Hirschmann, George Klosko, Mark C. Murphy, John Rawls, Joseph Raz, Rolf Sartorius, A. John Simmons, M. B. E. Smith, Philip Soper, Jeremy Waldron, Richard A. Wasserstrom & Robert Paul Wolff (eds.) - 1998 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    The question 'Why should I obey the law?' introduces a contemporary puzzle that is as old as philosophy itself. The puzzle is especially troublesome if we think of cases in which breaking the law is not otherwise wrongful, and in which the chances of getting caught are negligible. Philosophers from Socrates to H.L.A. Hart have struggled to give reasoned support to the idea that we do have a general moral duty to obey the law but, more recently, the greater number (...)
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  37.  4
    Updating Standards for Reporting Diagnostic Accuracy: The Development of STARD 2015.Patrick M. M. Bossuyt, Lotty Hooft, Douglas G. Altman, Henrica C. W. de Vet, David Moher, Les Irwig, Paul P. Glasziou, Constantine A. Gatsonis, David E. Bruns, Johannes B. Reitsma, Jérémie F. Cohen & Daniël A. Korevaar - 2016 - Research Integrity and Peer Review 1 (1).
    BackgroundAlthough the number of reporting guidelines has grown rapidly, few have gone through an updating process. The STARD statement, published in 2003 to help improve the transparency and completeness of reporting of diagnostic accuracy studies, was recently updated in a systematic way. Here, we describe the steps taken and a justification for the changes made.ResultsA 4-member Project Team coordinated the updating process; a 14-member Steering Committee was regularly solicited by the Project Team when making critical decisions. First, a review of (...)
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  38. Aesthetics in Present Future: The Arts and the Technological Horizon.Alain Cohen, Rob Spruijt, Erith Jaffe-Berg, Miltos Manetas, Alessandro Lanni, Roberto Diodato, Domenico Parisi, Teresa Iaria, Peter B. Lunenfeld & Ysamur Flores Pena (eds.) - 2013 - Lexington Books.
    The theme of Aesthetics in Present Future concerns the new chances the arts have and the deep changes they are undergoing, due to the new media, and the digital world in which we are growingly immersed. That this world is to be understood from an aesthetic point of view, become clear if we think of how much of what we produce, and observe and study is offered through images in particular and perceptual means in general.
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  39. Casebook on the Termination of Life-Sustaining Treatment and the Care of the Dying.Cynthia B. Cohen - 1988
    Companion volume to : Guidelines on the termination of life-sustaining treatment and the care of the dying.--Preface.
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  40.  32
    How Infectious Diseases Got Left Out–and What This Omission Might Have Meant for Bioethics.Leslie P. Francis, Margaret P. Battin, Jay A. Jacobson, Charles B. Smith & Jeffrey Botkin - 2005 - Bioethics 19 (4):307-322.
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  41.  28
    How Infectious Diseases Got Left Out – and What This Omission Might Have Meant for Bioethics.Leslie P. Francis, Margaret P. Battin, Jay A. Jacobson, Charles B. Smith & And Jeffrey Botkin - 2005 - Bioethics 19 (4):307–322.
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  42. Avner Cohen and Marcelo Dascal, Eds., The Institution of Philosophy, A Discipline in Crisis? Reviewed By.Leslie Armour - 1991 - Philosophy in Review 11 (3):163-165.
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  43.  54
    Influence of Physicians' Life Stances on Attitudes to End-of-Life Decisions and Actual End-of-Life Decision-Making in Six Countries.J. Cohen, J. van Delden, F. Mortier, R. Lofmark, M. Norup, C. Cartwright, K. Faisst, C. Canova, B. Onwuteaka-Philipsen & J. Bilsen - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (4):247-253.
    Aim: To examine how physicians’ life stances affect their attitudes to end-of-life decisions and their actual end-of-life decision-making.Methods: Practising physicians from various specialties involved in the care of dying patients in Belgium, Denmark, The Netherlands, Sweden, Switzerland and Australia received structured questionnaires on end-of-life care, which included questions about their life stance. Response rates ranged from 53% in Australia to 68% in Denmark. General attitudes, intended behaviour with respect to two hypothetical patients, and actual behaviour were compared between all large (...)
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  44.  30
    Review of K. R. Monroe, R. B. Miller, and J. Tobis. Fundamentals of the Stem Cell Debate: The Scientific, Religious, Ethical and Political Issues.1 Review of C. B. Cohen. Renewing the Stuff of Life: Stem Cells, Ethics, and Public Policy.2 Review of R. Korobkin with S. R. Munzer. Stem Cell Century: Law and Policy for a Breakthrough Technology.3. [REVIEW]Insoo Hyun - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (6):57-59.
  45.  8
    Reminiscence in Children as a Function of Sex.Leslie Zegiob & R. B. Payne - 1977 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 9 (3):173-175.
  46. New Books. [REVIEW]T. B., John Sime, W. H. Winch, W. Leslie Mackenzie, Joseph Rickaby, Norman Smith, M. L., Alfred W. Benn, John Edgar & J. Lewis McIntyre - 1905 - Mind 14 (56):552-567.
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  47.  33
    Hermann Cohen's Das Prinzip der Infinitesimalmethode, Ernst Cassirer, and the Politics of Science in Wilhelmine Germany.Gregory B. Moynahan - 2003 - Perspectives on Science 11 (1):35-75.
    Few texts summarize and at the same time compound the challenges of their author's philosophy so sharply as Hermann Cohen's Das Prinzip der Infinitesimalmethode und seine Geschichte . The book's meaning and style are greatly illuminated by placing it in the scientific, political, and academic context of late-nineteenth century Germany. As this context changed, so did both the reception of the philosophy of the infinitesimal and of the Marburg school more generally. A study of this transformation casts significant light (...)
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  48. Developing Human-Nonhuman Chimeras in Human Stem Cell Research: Ethical Issues and Boundaries.Phillip Karpowicz, Cynthia B. Cohen & Derek J. Van der Kooy - 2005 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 15 (2):107-134.
    : The transplantation of adult human neural stem cells into prenatal non-humans offers an avenue for studying human neural cell development without direct use of human embryos. However, such experiments raise significant ethical concerns about mixing human and nonhuman materials in ways that could result in the development of human-nonhuman chimeras. This paper examines four arguments against such research, the moral taboo, species integrity, "unnaturalness," and human dignity arguments, and finds the last plausible. It argues that the transfer of human (...)
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  49. Clarifying Cohen: A Response to Jubb and Hall.Andrew T. Forcehimes & Robert B. Talisse - 2013 - Res Publica 19 (4):371-379.
    In this brief essay, we clarify Cohen’s ‘Facts and Principles’ argument, and then argue that the objections posed by two recent critiques of Cohen—Robert Jubb (Res Publica 15:337–353, 2009) and Edward Hall (Res Publica 19:173–181, 2013)—look especially vulnerable to the charge of being self-defeating. It may still be that Cohen’s view concerning facts and principles is false. Our aim here is merely to show that two recent attempts to demonstrate its falsity are unlikely to succeed.
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  50.  46
    Oppositionists and Group Norms: The Reciprocal Influence of Whistle-Blowers and Co-Workers. [REVIEW]David B. Greenberger, Marcia P. Miceli & Debra J. Cohen - 1987 - Journal of Business Ethics 6 (7):527-542.
    Who blows the whistle — a loner or a well-liked team player? Which of them is more likely to lead a successful opposition to perceived organizational wrongdoing? The potential influence of co-worker pressures to conform on whistle-blowing activity or the likely effects of whistle-blowing on the group have not been addressed. This paper presents a preliminary model of whistle-blowing as an act of nonconformity. One implication is that the success of an opposition will depend on the characteristics of the whistle-blower (...)
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