Results for 'Leonid Barski'

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  1.  37
    Allocation of Scarce Resources During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Jewish Ethical Perspective.Amy Solnica, Leonid Barski & Alan Jotkowitz - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (7):444-446.
    The novel COVID-19 pandemic has placed medical triage decision-making in the spotlight. As life-saving ventilators become scarce, clinicians are being forced to allocate scarce resources in even the wealthiest countries. The pervasiveness of air travel and high rate of transmission has caused this pandemic to spread swiftly throughout the world. Ethical triage decisions are commonly based on the utilitarian approach of maximising total benefits and life expectancy. We present triage guidelines from Italy, USA and the UK as well as the (...)
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  2.  9
    The Healthcare Worker at Risk During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Jewish Ethical Perspective.Amy Solnica, Leonid Barski & Alan Jotkowitz - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (7):441-443.
    The current COVID-19 pandemic has raised many questions and dilemmas for modern day ethicists and healthcare providers. Are physicians, nurses and other healthcare workers morally obligated to put themselves in harm’s way and treat patients during a pandemic, occurring a great risk to themselves, their families and potentially to other patients? The issue was relevant during the 1918 influenza epidemic and more recently severe acute respiratory syndrome epidemic in 2003. Since the risk to the healthcare workers was great, there was (...)
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  3. Wissenschaft, Philosophie Und Religion Im Frühen Pythagoreismus/ Dc Leonid Zhmud.Leonid J. Zhmud - 1997
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  4.  89
    The Misunderstood Limits of Folk Science: An Illusion of Explanatory Depth.Leonid Rozenblit & Frank Keil - 2002 - Cognitive Science 26 (5):521-562.
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  5. Investigating the Effects of Moral Disengagement and Participation on Unethical Work Behavior.Adam Barsky - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 104 (1):59-75.
    With massive corruption uncovered in numerous recent corporate scandals, investigating psychological processes underlying unethical behavior among employees has become a critical area of research for organizational scientists. This article seeks to explain why people engage in deceptive and fraudulent activities by focusing on the use of moral-disengagement tactics or rationalizations to justify egregious actions at work. In addition, participation in goal-setting is argued to attenuate the relationship between moral disengagement and unethical behavior. Across two studies, a lab simulation and field (...)
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  6.  56
    Pythagoras and the Early Pythagoreans.Leonid Zhmud - 2012 - Oxford University Press.
    In ancient tradition, Pythagoras emerges as a wise teacher, an outstanding mathematician, an influential politician, and as a religious and ethical reformer. This volume offers a comprehensive study of Pythagoras, Pythagoreanism, and the early Pythagoreans through an analysis of the many representations of the individual and his followers.
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  7.  89
    Understanding the Ethical Cost of Organizational Goal-Setting: A Review and Theory Development.Adam Barsky - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 81 (1):63-81.
    Goal-setting has become a popular and effective motivational tool, utilized by practitioners and substantiated with decades of empirical research. However, the potential for goal-setting to enhance performance may come at the cost of ethical behavior. I propose a theoretical model linking attributes of goals and goal-setting practices to unethical behavior through two psychological mechanisms – ethical recognition and moral disengagement; and addressing the moderating role of individual differences (e.g., goal-commitment and conscientiousness), as well as the broader organizational ethical context.
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  8.  2
    Kant's Doctrine of Education and the Problem of Artificial Intelligence.Leonid Kornilaev - 2022 - Wiley: Journal of Philosophy of Education 55 (6).
    Journal of Philosophy of Education, Volume 55, Issue 6, Page 1072-1080, December 2021.
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  9.  68
    Two General Methods of Extending Mathematical Theory Creative Process in Mathematics.Marvin Barsky - 1969 - Philosophia Mathematica (1-2):22-27.
  10. Economic Cycles, Crises, and the Global Periphery.Leonid Grinin, Arno Tausch & Andrey Korotayev (eds.) - 2016 - Switzerland: Springer International Publishing Switzerland.
    This work is subject to copyright. All rights are reserved by the Publisher, whether the whole or part of the material is concerned, specifi cally the rights of translation, reprinting, reuse of illustrations, recitation, broadcasting, reproduction on microfi lms or in any other physical way, and transmission or information storage and retrieval, electronic adaptation, computer software, or by similar or dissimilar methodology now known or hereafter developed. The use of general descriptive names, registered names, trademarks, service marks, etc. in this (...)
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  11.  2
    Aesthetics and Innovation.Leonid Dorfman, Colin Martindale & Vladimir Petrov (eds.) - 2007 - Cambridge Scholars Press.
    In this book we attempted to gather together a set of chapters that describe new ways of approaching questions about aesthetics and innovation. Rather than going over old ground, the chapters describe attempts to break out in new directions. The book begins with a description of von Ehrenfels development of a Gestalt theory of aesthetics so evocative of the Vienna of 1900 that readers will wish that they had been there to experience the intellectual excitement and ends with a survey (...)
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  12. Globalistics and Globalization Studies. Aspects & Dimensions of Global Views.Leonid Grinin, Ilya V. Ilyin & Andrey V. Korotayev (eds.) - 2014
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  13. Social Goals and Social Organization: Essays in Memory of Elisha Pazner.Leonid Hurwicz, David Schmeidler & Hugo Sonnenschein (eds.) - 1985 - Cambridge University Press.
    Published as a tribute to the memory of Elisha Pazner, this book contains a collection of essays providing a comprehensive view of the design and evaluation of economic mechanisms, written and edited by the major contributors to the field. Amongst the topics included are bargaining theory and the economics of competitive bidding. The surveys are preceded by 'A Perspective', by Leo Hurwicz which contains a systematic account of the development of the literature on mechanism design, and this provides a context (...)
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  14.  1
    Theoretical Models of Space and Its Philosophical Category.Leonid Tchertov - 2022 - Philosophy Study 12 (4).
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  15.  11
    Osvaldo Barsky y Mabel Dávila, La rebelión del campo. Historia del conflicto agrario argentino, Editorial Sudamericana, Buenos Aires, 2008, 343 p. [REVIEW]Gonzalo Sanz Cerbino - 2010 - Polis: Revista Latinoamericana 26.
    Una de las consecuencias de la crisis económica mundial que estalló en 2007 fue el espectacular aumento en los precios de las materias primas, especialmente petróleo y alimentos. Este fenómeno dio lugar, durante el año 2008, a una serie de conflictos políticos: varios países presenciaron revueltas de los sectores más pauperizados de la población, particularmente afectados por la suba de precios en alimentos básicos. En la Argentina, el mismo fenómeno dio lugar a una rebelión completamente dif..
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  16.  6
    Leonid Zhmud. The Origin of the History of Science in Classical Antiquity. Translated by, Alexander Chernoglazov. X + 331 Pp. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2006. $118.95. [REVIEW]David E. Hahm - 2009 - Isis 100 (1):150-151.
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  17. Heraclitus on Pythagoras.Leonid Zhmud - 2017 - In Charlotte Schubert, Ulrike Muss, Kurt Sier & Enrica Fantino (eds.), Heraklit Im Kontext. De Gruyter. pp. 171-186.
  18.  14
    Origin of Music and Embodied Cognition.Leonid Perlovsky - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  19.  16
    Leonid Martynov, Boris Slutsky and the Politics of Rhythm.Barry P. Scherr - 2010 - Paragraph 33 (2):246-259.
    Leonid Martynov and Boris Slutsky began to write during Stalin's reign and were aware of the contemporary official pressure to make literature more broadly accessible as well as of the highly experimental, and thus more difficult, poetry that had come into vogue during the years leading up to the Bolshevik revolution. Martynov's response was to create verse marked by ambiguity; he employs the graphic layout and internal rhyme to avoid predictability and easy interpretation, especially in a poem's opening lines. (...)
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  20. What is Pythagorean in the Pseudo-Pythagorean Literature?Leonid Zhmud - 2019 - Philologus: Zeitschrift für Antike Literatur Und Ihre Rezeption 163 (1):72-94.
    This paper discusses continuity between ancient Pythagoreanism and the pseudo-Pythagorean writings, which began to appear after the end of the Pythagorean school ca. 350 BC. Relying on a combination of temporal, formal and substantial criteria, I divide Pseudopythagorica into three categories: 1) early Hellenistic writings ascribed to Pythagoras and his family members; 2) philosophical treatises written mostly, yet not exclusively, in pseudo-Doric from the turn of the first century BC under the names of real or fictional Pythagoreans; 3) writings attributed (...)
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  21.  32
    Pseudo-Plutarch Und Stobaios: Eine Synoptische Untersuchung by Heike Bottler. [REVIEW]Leonid Zhmud - 2017 - Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 110 (3):424-426.
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  22.  3
    Alternative Picture of the World.Leonid G. Kreidik - 1996 - George Shpenkov.
    v. 1. Mathematical expression of the main categories of philosophy and logic -- Kinematics and dynamics of exchange -- v. 2. Structure of space of the universe -- electrostatic and electromagnetic fields -- Particles and exchange in the electromagnetic field -- v. 3. Atomic structure of matter-space-time and physical properties of substance -- Physics and philosophy.
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  23. Foundations of Physics 13.644...: Collected Papers.Leonid G. Kreidik - 1998 - G. Shpenkov.
  24. A Treatise on the State.Leonid Pitamic - 1933 - Baltimore: Md., J. H. Furst Company.
  25. Some Notions on the State and its International Phases.Leonid Pitamic - 1931 - Washington: School of Foreign Service, Georgetown University.
     
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  26. Греческая арифмология: Пифагор или платон?Leonid Zhmud - 2017 - Schole 11 (2):428-459.
    This essay considers the origins of the arithmological genre, the first specimen of which was an anonymous Neopythagorean treatise of the first century BCE. Arithmology as a special genre of philosophical writings dealing with the properties of the first ten numbers should be distinguished from number symbolism, which is a universal cultural phenomenon related to individual significant numbers. As our analysis shows, the philosophical foundations of arithmology were laid down in the treatise of Plato’s successor Speusippus On Pythagorean Numbers, who (...)
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  27.  6
    Nonspecific Medication Side Effects and the Nocebo Phenomenon.Arthur J. Barsky, Ralph Saintfort, Malcolm P. Rogers & Jonathan F. Borus - 2004 - Science and Engineering Ethics 10 (1).
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  28.  59
    Ethics and Values in Social Work:An Integrated Approach for a Comprehensive Curriculum: An Integrated Approach for a Comprehensive Curriculum.Allan Edward Barsky - 2009 - Oxford University Press.
    In a unique and student-friendly package, Ethics and Values in Social Work offers a series of learning modules that will ensure graduates receive a ...
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  29. Анализ и моделирование мировой и страновой динамики: методология и базовые модели.Leonid Grinin (ed.) - 2015 - Uchitel Publishing House.
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  30. Эволюция. Мегаистория и глобальная эволюция.Leonid Grinin & Andrey Korotayev (eds.) - 2015 - Uchitel Publishing House.
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  31.  14
    Noam Chomsky: A Life of Dissent.George Szanto & Robert F. Barsky - 1998 - Substance 27 (2):128.
  32.  5
    Kant and the Problem of Revolution. A Report of the International Conference.Leonid Yu Kornilaev - 2018 - Kantovskij Sbornik 37 (1):74-87.
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  33.  15
    Symbols: Integrated Cognition and Language.Leonid I. Perlovsky - 2007 - In R. Gudwin & J. Queiroz (eds.), Semiotics and Intelligent Systems Development. Idea Group. pp. 121--151.
  34. Logic, Language, Information and Computation (Lecture Notes in Computer Science 8071).Leonid Libkin, Ulrich Kohlenbach & Ruy de Queiroz (eds.) - 2013 - Springer.
  35. Forum Für Osteuropäische Ideen- Und Zeitgeschichte. 18. Jahrgang, Heft 2: Simon Frank Als Philosophischer Vermittler Zwischen Ost Und West. [REVIEW]Leonid Luks (ed.) - 2015 - Cambridge University Press.
    Since 1997, FORUM is an integral part of the journal landscape of European Studies. In addition to facts of contemporary history, it offers deep insights into the history of ideas, reflects current discussions, and provides reviews of books on Central and Eastern European history. Especially on the history of ideas and contemporary history it offers more than ›just‹ history--e.g. interdisciplinary discussions by political scientists, literary, legal, and economic scholars and philosophers. FORUM sees itself as a bridge between East and West. (...)
     
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  36. Forum Für Osteuropäische Ideen- Und Zeitgeschichte: Die Nicht Gehörten Propheten des 20. Jahrhunderts.Leonid Luks, Gunter Dehnert, John Andreas Fuchs, Nikolaus Lobkowicz, Alexei Rybakow & Andreas Umland (eds.) - 2016 - Cambridge University Press.
    Since 1997, FORUM has been an integral part of the landscape of European studies. In addition to contemporary history, it offers insights into the history of ideas and reviews books on Central and Eastern European history. It offers more than just history--for instance, interdisciplinary discussions by political scientists, literary, legal, and economic scholars, and philosophers. FORUM sees itself as a bridge between East and West. Through the translation and publication of texts and contributions from Russian, Polish, and Czech researchers, it (...)
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  37.  22
    Macrohistory and Globalization.Leonid Grinin - 2012 - Uchitel Publishing House.
    The present monograph considers some macrohistorical trends along with the aspects of globalization. Macrohistory is history on the large scale that tells the story of the entire world or of some major dimensions of historical process. For the present study three aspects of macrohistory have been chosen. These are technological and political aspects, as well as the one of historical personality. Taken together they give a definite picture of unfolding historical process which is described from the beginning of human society (...)
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  38. Kondratieff Waves. Juglar – Kuznets – Kondratieff.Leonid Grinin (ed.) - 2014 - Uchitel Publishing House.
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  39.  37
    The Semantics of Knowledge Attributions: A Defence of Moderate Invariantism.Leonid Tarasov - 2014 - Dissertation, University of Manchester
    This work has four aims: (i) to provide an overview of the current debate about the semantics of knowledge attributions, i.e. sentences of the form ⌜S knows that Φ⌝; (ii) to ground the debate in a single semantic-pragmatic framework; (iii) to identify a methodology for describing the semantics of knowledge attributions; (iv) to go some way towards describing the semantics of knowledge attributions in light of this methodology, and in particular to defend moderate invariantist semantics against its main current rivals. (...)
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  40. Why We Need Corpus Linguistics in Intuition-Based Semantics.Leonid Tarasov - 2018 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 95 (4):421-435.
    The following method is popular in some areas of philosophy and linguistics when trying to describe the semantics of a given sentence Φ. Present ordinary speakers with scenarios that involve an utterance of Φ, ask them whether these utterances are felicitous or infelicitous and then construct a semantics that assigns the truth-value True to felicitous utterances of Φ and the truth-value False to infelicitous utterances of Φ. The author makes five observations about this intuition-based approach to semantics; their upshot is (...)
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  41.  15
    Some Theorems on the Algorithmic Approach to Probability Theory and Information Theory:(1971 Dissertation Directed by AN Kolmogorov).Leonid A. Levin - 2010 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 162 (3):224-235.
  42. Will the Global Crisis Lead to Global Transformations? 2. The Coming Epoch of New Coalitions.Leonid Grinin & Andrey Korotayev - 2010 - Journal of Globalization Studies 1 (2):166-183.
    This article presents possible answers, and their respective probabilities, to the question, ‘What are the consequences of the present global crisis in the proximate future of the World System?’ It also attempts to describe the basic characteristics of the forthcoming ‘Epoch of New Coalitions’ and to forecast certain future conditions. Among the problems analyzed in this paper are the following: What does the weakening of the economic role of the USA as the World System centre mean? Will there be a (...)
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  43.  12
    Leonid Zhmud. Pythagoras and the Early Pythagoreans. Translated by Kevin Windle and Rosh Ireland. Xxiv + 491 Pp., Index, Bibl., Indexes. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012. $185. [REVIEW]Reviel Netz - 2013 - Isis 104 (3):606-607.
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  44.  15
    Human Consciousness is Fundamental for Perception and Highest Emotions.Leonid Perlovsky - 2016 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 39.
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  45. Na Robovih Čiste Teorije Prava.Leonid Pitamic - 2005 - Pravna Fakulteta.
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  46.  1
    Parental Manual Ventilation in Resource-Limited Settings: An Ethical Controversy.Emily Barsky & Sadath Sayeed - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (7):459-464.
    Lower respiratory tract infections are a leading cause of paediatric morbidity and mortality worldwide. Children in low-income countries are disproportionately affected. This is in large part due to limitations in healthcare resources and medical technologies. Mechanical ventilation can be a life-saving therapy for many children with acute respiratory failure. The scarcity of functioning ventilators in low-income countries results in countless preventable deaths. Some hospitals have attempted to adapt to this scarcity by using hand-bag ventilation, as either a bridge to a (...)
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  47.  57
    Semantic Relativism and Ways of Knowing.Leonid Tarasov - 2019 - Synthese 196 (5):2089-2109.
    There is a long-standing view in epistemology that perception is a way of knowing. There is a less long-standing but increasingly popular view that knowledge attributions have a relativist semantics. I discuss three things here. First, I show that it is a consequence of the logic of RKA that WOK and RKA are incompatible. Second, I argue that, even if WOK is incompatible with the main rivals to RKA, this is not a consequence of the logics of these views. RKA (...)
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  48.  35
    Projective Adaptivism.Leonid Tarasov - 2019 - Philosophical Papers 48 (3):379-402.
    Moderate invariantism is the orthodox semantics for knowledge attributions. In recent years it has fallen out of favour, in large part because it fails to explain why ordinary speakers have the intuition that some utterances of knowledge attributions are felicitous and others infelicitous in several types of cases. To address this issue moderate invariantists have developed a variety of what I call non-semantic theories which they claim account for the relevant felicity intuitions independently of moderate invariantist semantics. Some critics have (...)
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  49.  84
    Ancient Greek Mathēmata From a Sociological Perspective: A Quantitative Analysis.Leonid Zhmud & Alexei Kouprianov - 2018 - Isis 109 (3):445-472.
    This essay examines the quantitative aspects of Greco-Roman science, represented by a group of established disci¬plines, which since the fourth century BC were called mathēmata or mathē¬ma¬tikai epistē¬mai. In the group of mathēmata that in Antiquity normally comprised mathematics, mathematical astronomy, harmonics, mechanics and optics, we have also included geography. Using a dataset based on The Encyclopaedia of Ancient Natural Scientists, our essay considers a community of mathēmatikoi (as they called themselves), or ancient scientists (as they are defined for the (...)
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  50.  23
    On Spatial Modelling.Leonid Tchertov - 2015 - Sign Systems Studies 43 (1):77-101.
    Spatial modelling concerns both the case when spatial structures have a modelling function and the case when such structures become modelled objects. In the article, spatial models are considered as the means of human activity in both external and internal aspects. External spatial models are tangible objects which have structural similarity with something different from them and can represent it for a subject. These external models can be interpreted on various mental levels: sensorial, perceptual, apperceptual and conceptual ones. Each of (...)
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