Results for 'Leena Tulkki'

58 found
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  1.  26
    Conditionals, Counterfactuals, and Rational Reasoning: An Experimental Study on Basic Principles.Leena Tulkki & Niki Pfeifer - 2017 - Minds and Machines 27 (1):119-165.
    We present a unified approach for investigating rational reasoning about basic argument forms involving indicative conditionals, counterfactuals, and basic quantified statements within coherence-based probability logic. After introducing the rationality framework, we present an interactive view on the relation between normative and empirical work. Then, we report a new experiment which shows that people interpret indicative conditionals and counterfactuals by coherent conditional probability assertions and negate conditionals by negating their consequents. The data support the conditional probability interpretation of conditionals and the (...)
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  2.  7
    Objectivity in Science: New Perspectives From Science and Technology Studies. [REVIEW]Leena Tulkki - 2016 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 30 (3):314-317.
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  3.  8
    ‘Harm Threshold’: Capacity for Decision-Making May Be Reduced by Long-Term Pubertal Suppression.Leena Nahata & Gwendolyn P. Quinn - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (11):759-760.
    We applaud Notini and colleagues for highlighting the clinical and ethical complexities of a case in which a non-binary individual desires indefinite treatment with puberty blockers.1 While we agree discontinuing treatment may cause psychological distress, we believe there are potential physical and neurocognitive harms caused by prolonged treatment that have been underestimated given the limited research conducted to date. Specifically, the impact of permanent pubertal suppression on the brain and decision-making capacity should be considered. In this context, we outline the (...)
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  4.  11
    Assessment of Knowledge About Biobanking Among Healthcare Students and Their Willingness to Donate Biospecimens.Leena Merdad, Lama Aldakhil, Rawan Gadi, Mourad Assidi, Salina Y. Saddick, Adel Abuzenadah, Jim Vaught, Abdelbaset Buhmeida & Mohammed H. Al-Qahtani - 2017 - BMC Medical Ethics 18 (1):32.
    Biobanks and biospecimen collections are becoming a primary means of delivering personalized diagnostics and tailoring individualized therapeutics. This shift towards precision medicine requires interactions among a variety of stakeholders, including the public, patients, healthcare providers, government, and donors. Very few studies have investigated the role of healthcare students in biobanking and biospecimen donations. The main aims of this study were to evaluate the knowledge of senior healthcare students about biobanks and to assess the students’ willingness to donate biospecimens and the (...)
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  5.  5
    Expanding Parental Permission in Pediatric Treatment: A Hasty Generalization.Leena Nahata & Gwendolyn P. Quinn - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (11):29-30.
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  6. The Sartre‐Heidegger Controversy on Humanism and the Concept of Man in Education.Leena Kakkori & Rauno Huttunen - 2012 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 44 (4):351-365.
    Jean-Paul Sartre claims in his 1945 lecture ‘Existentialism is a Humanism’ that there are two kinds of existentialism: that of Christians like Karl Jaspers, and atheistic like Martin Heidegger. Sartre's ‘spiritual master’ Heidegger had no problem with Sartre defining him as an atheist, but he had serious problems with Sartre's concept of humanism and existentialism. Heidegger claims that the essence of humanism lies in the essence of the human being. After the Enlightenment, the Western concept of man has been presented (...)
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  7.  19
    Stakeholder Judgments of Value.Leena Lankoski, N. Craig Smith & Luk Van Wassenhove - 2016 - Business Ethics Quarterly 26 (2):227-256.
  8.  15
    Leena Mari Peltooma, The Image of the Virgin Mary in the Akathistos Hymn.Hermann Goltz - 2005 - Byzantinische Zeitschrift 97 (2):615-621.
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  9.  31
    Older People’s Experiences of Their Free Will in Nursing Homes.Leena Tuominen, Helena Leino-Kilpi & Riitta Suhonen - 2016 - Nursing Ethics 23 (1):22-35.
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  10.  48
    The Sustainability Promise of Alternative Food Networks: An Examination Through “Alternative” Characteristics.Sini Forssell & Leena Lankoski - 2015 - Agriculture and Human Values 32 (1):63-75.
    Concerns about the unsustainability of the conventional food system have brought attention to so called alternative food networks, which are widely thought to be more sustainable. However, claims made about AFNs’ sustainability have been subject to a range of criticisms. Some of them present counterevidence, while others have pointed to problematic underlying features in the academic literature and popular discourse that may hamper our understanding of AFNs’ sustainability. Considering these criticisms, together with the fact that the literature often addresses a (...)
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  11.  33
    Identity Politics, the Ethos of Vulnerability, and Education.Kristiina Brunila & Leena-Maija Rossi - 2018 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 50 (3):287-298.
    In this article, identity politics is understood as a form of politics stressing collective but malleable group identities as the basis of political action. This notion of identity politics also allows thinking of identity as intersectional. The focus of this article, and a problem related to identity politics, is that when discussed in the context of the neoliberal order, identity politics has a tendency to become harnessed by the ethos of vulnerability. Some implications of the ‘vulnerabilizisation’ are considered in the (...)
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  12.  1
    Book Review: Living a Feminist Life. [REVIEW]Leena-Maija Rossi - 2018 - European Journal of Women's Studies 25 (1):116-118.
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  13.  14
    Leena Pietilä-Castrén: Magnificentia Publica. The Victory Monuments of the Roman Generals in the Era of the Punic Wars. Pp. 178; 2 Maps. Helsinki: Societas Scientiarum Fennica, 1987. Paper. [REVIEW]John Briscoe - 1989 - The Classical Review 39 (1):149-149.
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  14.  79
    Education and the Concept of Time.Leena Kakkori - 2013 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 45 (5):571-583.
    As we speak about time in the context of everyday life, we have no problem with what we mean by time. We take time as given. Different kinds of theories of development rely on the ordinary concept of time. Time is a sequence of instants, and we are moving along from the past to the future, from birth to death. Moving in time also means development. It does not take into account how a human being is in the time. It (...)
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  15.  28
    Leena Pietilä-Castrén: Magnificentia Publica. The Victory Monuments of the Roman Generals in the Era of the Punic Wars. (Commentationes Humanarum Litterarum, 84.) Pp. 178; 2 Maps. Helsinki: Societas Scientiarum Fennica, 1987. Paper. [REVIEW]John Briscoe - 1989 - The Classical Review 39 (01):149-.
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  16.  10
    The Challenge of the Absurd.Leena Kaisa Puhakka & Ramakrishna Puligandla - 1970 - Journal of Thought 5:101-112.
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  17.  22
    Navigating the Tensions and Agreements in Alternative Food and Sustainability: A Convention Theoretical Perspective on Alternative Food Retail.Leena Lankoski & Sini Forssell - 2017 - Agriculture and Human Values 34 (3):513-527.
    Concerns about the unsustainability of the conventional food system have promoted interest in alternative food networks, which are typically conceptualized through their differences from conventional food networks. Real-life AFNs, however, tend to show some similarities to the conventional food system. This hybridity has caused some criticism, but also, increasingly, calls for a more open examination of AFNs. Indeed, AFNs can be seen as relational to and shaped by the prevailing food system, for example the expectations the conventional system has promoted (...)
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  18.  17
    Donna J. Drucker. The Classification of Sex: Alfred Kinsey and the Organization of Knowledge. Ix + 244 Pp., Illus., Bibl., Index. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2014. $30. [REVIEW]Leena Akhtar - 2016 - Isis 107 (1):196-197.
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  19. Midwifery Students' Experiences of Support for Ethical Competence.Leena Honkavuo - 2022 - Nursing Ethics 29 (1):145-156.
    Background: Midwifery students are confronted with several ethical dilemmas and challenging situations during clinical midwifery care practice. Since ethical competence of midwifery students is under development, it is important to support the students’ learning progress of ethical issues from diverse viewpoints. Objective: From the perspective of didactics of caring science and the context of midwifery students, to explore how midwifery students’ experience supports for ethical competence in midwifery education and investigate how ethically challenging situations have been carried out during clinical (...)
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  20. Caring for Whom? Racial Practices of Care and Liberal Constructivism.Asha Leena Bhandary - 2022 - Philosophies 7 (4):78.
    Inequalities in expectations to receive care permeate social structures, reinforcing racialized and gendered hierarchies. Harming the people who are overburdened and disadvantaged as caregivers, these inequalities also shape the subjectivities and corporeal habits of the class of people who expect to receive care from others. With three examples, I illustrate a series of justificatory asymmetries across gender and racial lines that illustrate asymmetries in deference and attendance to the needs of others as well as assertions of the rightful occupation of (...)
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  21. Finnish Primary School Children's Preferences in Environmental Problem Solving.Leena Aho, Tarja Permikangas & Seppo Lyyra - 1989 - Science Education 73 (5):635-642.
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  22.  1
    Intermedial Arts: Disrupting, Remembering, and Transforming Media.Leena Eilittä, Liliane Louvel & Sabine Kim (eds.) - 2012 - Cambridge Scholars Press.
    The essays in this collection, which were written by European and North American specialists, position intermediality as a praxis of interpretative analysis in order to show how intermediality challenges our notion of art. The writers examine the various intermedial relations between the arts, which may take the form of reference to another form of art, a combination of two or more forms of art or a generic transformation from one form of art to another. In such cases, an intermedial approach (...)
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  23. 11 Foetus on Screen.Leena Erdsaari - 2003 - In Heather Höpfl & Monika Kostera (eds.), Interpreting the Maternal Organisation. Routledge. pp. 177.
     
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  24.  9
    When Is There a Sustainability Case for CSR? Pathways to Environmental and Social Performance Improvements.Mika Kuisma, Leena Lankoski, Jette Steen Knudsen, Jukka Rintamäki & Minna Halme - 2020 - Business and Society 59 (6):1181-1227.
    Little is known about when corporate social responsibility leads to a sustainability case. Building on various forms of decoupling, we develop a theoretical framework for examining pathways from institutional pressures through CSR management to sustainability performance. To empirically identify such pathways, we apply fuzzy-set qualitative comparative analysis to an extensive dataset from 19 large companies. We discover that different pathways are associated with environmental and social performance improvements, and that pathways to success and failure are for the most part not (...)
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  25.  12
    A Person–Organization Fit-Based Approach for Spirituality at Work: Development of a Conceptual Framework.Manish Singhal & Leena Chatterjee - 2006 - Journal of Human Values 12 (2):161-178.
    Management of meaning inside organizations has been an enduring issue in organization studies. Issues relating to commitment and control through the meaning-making mechanisms have been studied by organization culture theorists for sometime now. However, rapidly changing dynamics of the business environment lend these issues a critical salience today. Two factors of this dynamic context are particularly noteworthy. Firstly, a redefinition of the long-standing employment relationship—loyalty no longer being traded for lifelong employment—has led management to look for alternative sources of gaining (...)
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  26. The Finnish National Asthma Programme: Communication in Asthma Care-Quality Assessment of Asthma Referral Letters (Vol 13, Pg 50, 2007). [REVIEW]Leena E. Tuomisto, Marina Erhola, Minna Kaila, Pirkko E. Brander, Ritva Kauppinen, Hannu Puolijoki & Pertti Kekki - 2009 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 15 (2):408-408.
     
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  27.  21
    Emotion in Interaction.Marja-Leena Sorjonen & Anssi Peräkylä (eds.) - 2012 - Oxford University Press.
    Emotion in Interaction offers a collection of original studies that explore emotion in naturally occurring spoken interaction.
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  28.  18
    The Finnish National Asthma Programme: Communication in Asthma Care – Quality Assessment of Asthma Referral Letters.Leena E. Tuomisto, Erhola Marina, Kaila Minna, Pirkko E. Brander, Kauppinen Ritva, Puolijoki Hannu & Kekki Pertti - 2007 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 13 (1):50-54.
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  29.  55
    Women's Bodybuilding: Feminist Resistance and/or Femininity's Recuperation?Leena St Martin & Nicola Gavey - 1996 - Body and Society 2 (4):45-57.
  30.  5
    Postmodern as Secularization in Philosophy of Education.Leena Kakkori - 2018 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 50 (14):1626-1627.
  31. Book Review: Marja-Leena Sorjonen, Liisa Raevaara and Elizabeth Couper-Kuhlen (Eds), Imperative Turns at Talk. [REVIEW]Simon Williams - 2018 - Discourse Studies 20 (5):695-697.
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  32.  9
    Nucleolar Aggresomes as Counterparts of Cytoplasmic Aggresomes in Proteotoxic Stress.Leena Latonen - 2011 - Bioessays 33 (5):386-395.
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  33.  24
    Decision Making and the Long-Term Impact of Puberty Blockade in Transgender Children.Rebecca M. Harris, Amy C. Tishelman, Gwendolyn P. Quinn & Leena Nahata - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (2):67-69.
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  34.  24
    On the Fringe: The Positions of Dogs in Finnish Dog Training Culture.Pia Bäcklund & Leena Koski - 2015 - Society and Animals 23 (1):24-44.
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  35.  3
    Abductive, Causal, and Counterfactual Conditionals Under Incomplete Probabilistic Knowledge.Niki Pfeifer & Lena Tulkki - 2017 - In G. Gunzelmann, A. Howes, T. Tenbrink & E. Davelaar (eds.), Proceedings of the 39th Cognitive Science Society Meeting. pp. 2888-2893.
    We study abductive, causal, and non-causal conditionals in indicative and counterfactual formulations using probabilistic truth table tasks under incomplete probabilistic knowledge (N = 80). We frame the task as a probability-logical inference problem. The most frequently observed response type across all conditions was a class of conditional event interpretations of conditionals; it was followed by conjunction interpretations. An interesting minority of participants neglected some of the relevant imprecision involved in the premises when inferring lower or upper probability bounds on the (...)
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  36.  6
    The Others Are Too Loud! Children’s Experiences and Thoughts Related to Voice, Noise, and Communication in Nordic Preschools.Anita McAllister, Leena Rantala & Valdís Ingibjörg Jónsdóttir - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  37.  40
    Effect of Business Education on Women and Men Students' Attitudes on Corporate Responsibility in Society.Anna-Maija Lämsä, Meri Vehkaperä, Tuomas Puttonen & Hanna-Leena Pesonen - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 82 (1):45 - 58.
    This article describes a survey among Finnish business students to find answers to the following questions: How do business students define a well-run company? What are their attitudes on the responsibilities of business in society? Do the attitudes of women students differ from those of men? What is the influence of business education on these attitudes? Our sample comprised 217 students pursuing a master’s degree in business studies at two Finnish universities. The results show that, as a whole, students valued (...)
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  38.  13
    Effect of Business Education on Women and Men Students’ Attitudes on Corporate Responsibility in Society.Anna-Maija Lämsä, Meri Vehkaperä, Tuomas Puttonen & Hanna-Leena Pesonen - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 82 (1):45-58.
    This article describes a survey among Finnish business students to find answers to the following questions: How do business students define a well-run company? What are their attitudes on the responsibilities of business in society? Do the attitudes of women students differ from those of men? What is the influence of business education on these attitudes? Our sample comprised 217 students pursuing a master's degree in business studies at two Finnish universities. The results show that, as a whole, students valued (...)
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  39. The Connection and Development of Unpredictability and Sensitivity in Maternal Care Across Early Childhood.Eeva Holmberg, Eeva-Leena Kataja, Elysia Poggi Davis, Marjukka Pajulo, Saara Nolvi, Hetti Hakanen, Linnea Karlsson, Hasse Karlsson & Riikka Korja - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    Both patterns of maternal sensory signals and sensitive care have shown to be crucial elements shaping child development. However, research concerning these aspects of maternal care has focused mainly on maternal sensitivity with fewer studies evaluating the impact of patterns of maternal behaviors and changes in these indices across infancy and childhood. The aims of this study were to explore how maternal unpredictability of sensory signals and sensitivity develop and associate with each other from infancy to toddlerhood and whether elevated (...)
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  40.  6
    Heidegger’s Critique of the Technology and the Educational Ecological Imperative.Rauno Huttunen & Leena Kakkori - 2022 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 54 (5):630-642.
    It is clear that we have to do something in our time concerning global warming yet before we can actually change the world, we must first understand our world. According to Heidegger, technology itself is not good or bad, but the problem is, that technological thinking (calculative thinking) has become the only form of thinking. Heidegger saw that the essence of technology nowadays is enframing – Ge-stell, which means that everything in nature is ‘standing-reserve’ (Bestand). Enframing (as apparatus) is one (...)
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  41.  6
    Heidegger's Theory of Truth and its Importance for the Quality of Qualitative Research.Rauno Huttunen & Leena Kakkori - 2020 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 54 (3):600-616.
    Journal of Philosophy of Education When reliability and validity were introduced as validation criteria for empirical research in the human sciences, quantitative research methods prevailed, and theory of science relied on neopositivism (Vienna Circle) or postpositivism (scientific realism). Within this worldview, notions of reliability and validity as criteria of scientific goodness were introduced. Reliability and validity were associated with the correspondence theory of truth, which is mostly ill-suited to the needs of qualitative research. For that reason, qualitative research must look (...)
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  42.  13
    Perspectives on Activity Theory.Yrjö Engeström, Reijo Miettinen & Raija-Leena Punamäki-Gitai (eds.) - 1999 - Cambridge University Press.
    Activity theory is an interdisciplinary approach to human sciences that originates in the cultural-historical psychology school, initiated by Vygotsky, Leont'ev, and Luria. It takes the object-oriented, artifact-mediated collective activity system as its unit of analysis, thus bridging the gulf between the individual subject and the societal structure. This volume is the first comprehensive presentation of contemporary work in activity theory, with 26 original chapters by authors from ten countries. In Part I of the book, central theoretical issues are discussed from (...)
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  43.  10
    Commentary: False-Positive Effect in the Radin Double-Slit Experiment on Observer Consciousness as Determined With the Advanced Meta-Experimental Protocol.Dean Radin, Helané Wahbeh, Leena Michel & Arnaud Delorme - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  44.  2
    Using Niin-Interrogative to Treat the Prior Speaker's Action as an Exaggeration.Marja-Leena Sorjonen & Mia Halonen - 2008 - Discourse Studies 10 (1):37-53.
    This article examines an interrogative construction with which recipients in Finnish interactions treat the co-participant's prior action as having exhibited a stance that was overstated. A key element in the interrogative is the intensifier niin which foregrounds the scalar character of its head word and suggests that the place it points to is too high on the scale. We will show that the niin-interrogative can target something the co-participant explicitly mentioned or only implied, and it can have in its scope (...)
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  45.  10
    In Sweet Harmony or in Bitter Discord? How Cultural Values and Stakeholder Requirements Shape and Users Read an Urban Computing Technology.Leena Ventä-Olkkonen, Netta Iivari & Arto Lanamäki - 2019 - AI and Society 34 (3):455-476.
    Culture is, in many ways, implicated in and shapes technology design and use. Inspired by Stuart Hall’s conception of encoding/decoding, we maintain that technological artefacts reflect the cultural values of their creators, while users, in their encounters with the technological artefacts, may decode those artefacts in various ways that are shaped by the users’ cultural values. In this article, we apply this lens to study a decade-long urban computing project that took place in the wild. We focus on the project’s (...)
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  46.  5
    Embodiment in Dalcroze Eurhythmics.Marja-Leena Juntunen - 2004 - Oulun Yliopisto.
    Tiivistelmä: Kehollisuus Dalcroze-rytmiikassa.
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  47.  3
    Maternal Anxiety Symptoms and Self-Regulation Capacity Are Associated With the Unpredictability of Maternal Sensory Signals in Caregiving Behavior.Eeva Holmberg, Taija Teppola, Marjukka Pajulo, Elysia Poggi Davis, Saara Nolvi, Eeva-Leena Kataja, Eija Sinervä, Linnea Karlsson, Hasse Karlsson & Riikka Korja - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    The unpredictability of maternal sensory signals in caregiving behavior has been recently found to be linked with infant neurodevelopment. The research area is new, and very little is yet known, how maternal anxiety and depressive symptoms and specific parental characteristics relate to the unpredictable maternal care. The aims of the current study were to explore how pre- and postnatal maternal anxiety and depressive symptoms and self-regulation capacity associate with the unpredictability of maternal sensory signals. The study population consisted of 177 (...)
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  48.  1
    Women Defining Their Information Technology- Struggles for Textual Subjectivity in an Office Workers' Study Circle.Marja Leena Vehviläinen - 1994 - European Journal of Women's Studies 1 (1):73-93.
    This article discusses female office workers' own definitions of information technology, based on a study with a group of Finnish office workers, in which they studied and evaluated information systems and analysed their work as well as making proposals for their IT systems. IT is considered as a textuality that is connected with the office workers' subjectivities and their organizational activities. For office workers, defining information systems means a struggle for their own subjectivities. Starting from the concrete practices and interviews (...)
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  49.  71
    The Threat Simulation Theory of the Evolutionary Function of Dreaming: Evidence From Dreams of Traumatized Children.Katja Valli, Antti Revonsuo, Outi Pälkäs, Kamaran Hassan Ismail, Karzan Jalal Ali & Raija-Leena Punamäki - 2005 - Consciousness and Cognition 14 (1):188-218.
    The threat simulation theory of dreaming states that dream consciousness is essentially an ancient biological defence mechanism, evolutionarily selected for its capacity to repeatedly simulate threatening events. Threat simulation during dreaming rehearses the cognitive mechanisms required for efficient threat perception and threat avoidance, leading to increased probability of reproductive success during human evolution. One hypothesis drawn from TST is that real threatening events encountered by the individual during wakefulness should lead to an increased activation of the system, a threat simulation (...)
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  50.  11
    Prediction of Mortality Based on Facial Characteristics.Arnaud Delorme, Alan Pierce, Leena Michel & Dean Radin - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
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