Results for 'Leah Gilman'

624 found
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  1.  8
    Implantable Smart Technologies (IST): Defining the ‘Sting’ in Data and Device.Leah Gilman, Shawn H. E. Harmon & Gill Haddow - 2016 - Health Care Analysis 24 (3):210-227.
    In a world surrounded by smart objects from sensors to automated medical devices, the ubiquity of ‘smart’ seems matched only by its lack of clarity. In this article, we use our discussions with expert stakeholders working in areas of implantable medical devices such as cochlear implants, implantable cardiac defibrillators, deep brain stimulators and in vivo biosensors to interrogate the difference facets of smart in ‘implantable smart technologies’, considering also whether regulation needs to respond to the autonomy that such artefacts carry (...)
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  2.  33
    Implantable Smart Technologies : Defining the ‘Sting’ in Data and Device.Gill Haddow, Shawn H. E. Harmon & Leah Gilman - 2016 - Health Care Analysis 24 (3):210-227.
    In a world surrounded by smart objects from sensors to automated medical devices, the ubiquity of ‘smart’ seems matched only by its lack of clarity. In this article, we use our discussions with expert stakeholders working in areas of implantable medical devices such as cochlear implants, implantable cardiac defibrillators, deep brain stimulators and in vivo biosensors to interrogate the difference facets of smart in ‘implantable smart technologies’, considering also whether regulation needs to respond to the autonomy that such artefacts carry (...)
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  3. Health Research Priority Setting: Do Grant Review Processes Reflect Ethical Principles?Leah Pierson & Joseph Millum - forthcoming - Global Public Health.
    Most public and non-profit organisations that fund health research provide the majority of their funding in the form of grants. The calls for grant applications are often untargeted, such that a wide variety of applications may compete for the same funding. The grant review process therefore plays a critical role in determining how limited research resources are allocated. Despite this, little attention has been paid to whether grant review criteria align with widely endorsed ethical criteria for allocating health research resources. (...)
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  4.  51
    Delegation in Democracy: A Temporal Analysis.Leah Downey - 2020 - Journal of Political Philosophy 29 (3):305-329.
    Journal of Political Philosophy, EarlyView.
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  5.  18
    Accounting for future populations in health research.Leah Pierson - 2024 - Bioethics 38 (5):401-409.
    The research we fund today will improve the health of people who will live tomorrow. But future people will not all benefit equally: decisions we make about what research to prioritize will predictably affect when and how much different people benefit from research. Organizations that fund health research should thus fairly account for the health needs of future populations when setting priorities. To this end, some research funders aim to allocate research resources in accordance with disease burden, prioritizing illnesses that (...)
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  6. Health Research Priority Setting: The Duties of Individual Funders.Leah Pierson & Joseph Millum - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (11):6-17.
    The vast majority of health research resources are used to study conditions that affect a small, advantaged portion of the global population. This distribution has been widely criticized as inequitable and threatens to exacerbate health disparities. However, there has been little systematic work on what individual health research funders ought to do in response. In this article, we analyze the general and special duties of research funders to the different populations that might benefit from health research. We assess how these (...)
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  7.  8
    The Nervous System.Sander L. Gilman - 1992
    Based on anthropological fieldwork in Australia and Colombia, this collection of essays uses the workings of the human nervous system to illustrate concepts of culture.
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  8.  8
    Bioethicists Today: Results of the Views in Bioethics Survey.Leah Pierson, Sophie Gibert, Leila Orszag, Haley K. Sullivan, Rachel Yuexin Fei, Govind Persad & Emily A. Largent - forthcoming - American Journal of Bioethics:1-16.
    Bioethicists influence practices and policies in medicine, science, and public health. However, little is known about bioethicists’ views. We recently surveyed 824 U.S. bioethicists on a wide range of ethical issues, including topics related to abortion, medical aid in dying, and resource allocation, among others. We also asked bioethicists about their demographic, religious, academic, and professional backgrounds. We find that bioethicists’ normative commitments predict their views on bioethical issues. We also find that, in important ways, bioethicists’ views do not align (...)
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  9.  5
    Leah Z. Rand, Daniel P. Carpenter, Aaron S. Kesselheim, Anushka Bhaskar, Jonathan J. Darrow, and William B. Feldman Reply. [REVIEW]Leah Z. Rand, Daniel P. Carpenter, Aaron S. Kesselheim, Anushka Bhaskar, Jonathan J. Darrow & William B. Feldman - 2024 - Hastings Center Report 54 (2):44-45.
    The authors respond to a letter by Mitchell Berger in the March‐April 2024 issue of the Hastings Center Report concerning their essay “Securing the Trustworthiness of the FDA to Build Public Trust in Vaccines.”.
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  10. "The Tenuous Self: Wu-wei in the Zhuangzi.Edward Gilman Slingerland - 2003 - In Effortless action : Wu-wei as conceptual metaphor and spiritual ideal in early China. New York:
    This book presents a systematic account of the role of the personal spiritual ideal of wu-wei--literally "no doing," but better rendered as "effortless action"--in early Chinese thought. Edward Slingerland's analysis shows that wu-wei represents the most general of a set of conceptual metaphors having to do with a state of effortless ease and unself-consciousness. This concept of effortlessness, he contends, serves as a common ideal for both Daoist and Confucian thinkers. He also argues that this concept contains within itself a (...)
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  11.  25
    Anger and asymmetrical frontal cortical activity: Evidence for an anger–withdrawal relationship.Leah R. Zinner, Amanda B. Brodish, Patricia G. Devine & Eddie Harmon-Jones - 2008 - Cognition and Emotion 22 (6):1081-1093.
  12.  41
    Gas Guzzling Gaia, or: A Prehistory of Climate Change Denialism.Leah Aronowsky - 2021 - Critical Inquiry 47 (2):306-327.
    This article tells the story of the oil and gas origins of the Gaia hypothesis, the theory that the Earth is a homeostatic system. It shows how Gaia’s key assumption—that the climate is a fundamentally stable system, able to withstand perturbations—emerged as a result of a collaboration between the theory’s progenitor, James Lovelock, and Royal Dutch Shell in response to Shell’s concerns about the effects of its products on the climate. The article explains how Lovelock elaborated the Gaia hypothesis and (...)
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  13.  13
    The Limits of a Voluntary Framework in an Unethical Data Ecosystem.Leah R. Fowler, Anya E. R. Prince & Michael R. Ulrich - 2023 - American Journal of Bioethics 23 (11):39-41.
    The need for greater privacy protections in the United States has never been greater. In their work, “Ethical Responsibilities for Companies That Process Personal Data”, McCoy et al. (2023) correct...
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  14. Morality in the Guise of Dreams: A Critical Edition of kitāb Al-Manām, with Introduction, by Leah Kinberg.Leah Kinberg - 1994 - Brill.
    _K. al-Manām_ by Ibn Abī al-Dunyā is a compendium of 350 Muslim dream narratives in Arabic. The English introduction examines the function of dreams in classical Arabic literature with a focus on dreams as a means of edification.
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  15.  6
    Creating Beauty to Cure the Soul: Race and Psychology in the Shaping of Aesthetic Surgery.Sander L. Gilman & Sander Lawrence Gilman - 1998
    Why do physicians who've taken the Hippocratic Oath willingly cut into seemingly healthy patients? How do you measure the success of surgery aimed at making someone happier by altering his or her body? Sander L. Gilman explores such questions in Creating Beauty to Cure the Soul, a cultural history of the connections between beauty of body and happiness of mind. Following these themes through an impressive range of historical moments and players, Gilman traces how aesthetic alterations of the (...)
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  16.  25
    Against the use of medical technologies for military or national security interests.Leah Rosenberg & Eric Gehrie - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (5):22 – 24.
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  17.  21
    Mapping out epistemic justice in the clinical space: using narrative techniques to affirm patients as knowers.Leah Teresa Rosen - 2021 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 16 (1):1-6.
    Epistemic injustice sits at the intersection of ethics, epistemology, and social justice. Generally, this philosophical term describes when a person is wrongfully discredited as a knower; and within the clinical space, epistemic injustice is the underlying reason that some patient testimonies are valued above others. The following essay seeks to connect patterns of social prejudice to the clinical realm in the United States: illustrating how factors such as race, gender identity, and socioeconomic status influence epistemic credence and associatively, the quality (...)
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  18.  37
    A Nudge Toward Meaningful Choice.Leah R. Fowler & Jessica L. Roberts - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (5):76-78.
    In his recent article “Ethical Criteria for Health-Promoting Nudges: A Case-by-Case Analysis,” Bart Engelen (2019) develops a useful framework for evaluating health-related nudges in an attempt to...
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  19. From The Man-Made World or Our Androcentric Culture, 1911.Charlotte Perkins Gilman - 1998 - In Vassiliki Kolocotroni, Jane Goldman & Olga Taxidou (eds.), Modernism: an anthology of sources and documents. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  20. When They Aren't Eating Us, They Bring Us Together: Zombies and the American Social Contract.Leah A. Murray - 2006 - In Richard Greene & K. Silem Mohammed (eds.), The Undead and Philosophy. Open Court. pp. 211--220.
     
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  21. Bayesianism and Inference to the Best Explanation.Leah Henderson - 2014 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 65 (4):687-715.
    Two of the most influential theories about scientific inference are inference to the best explanation and Bayesianism. How are they related? Bas van Fraassen has claimed that IBE and Bayesianism are incompatible rival theories, as any probabilistic version of IBE would violate Bayesian conditionalization. In response, several authors have defended the view that IBE is compatible with Bayesian updating. They claim that the explanatory considerations in IBE are taken into account by the Bayesian because the Bayesian either does or should (...)
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  22. Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “Health Research Priority Setting: The Duties of Individual Funders”.Leah Pierson & Joseph Millum - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (1):W5-W7.
    We respond to open peer commentaries on our target article, "Health Research Priority Setting: The Duties of Individual Funders".
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  23.  40
    How Does Functional Neurodiagnostics Inform Surrogate Decision-Making for Patients with Disorders of Consciousness? A Qualitative Interview Study with Patients’ Next of Kin.Leah Schembs, Maria Ruhfass, Eric Racine, Ralf J. Jox, Andreas Bender, Martin Rosenfelder & Katja Kuehlmeyer - 2020 - Neuroethics 14 (3):327-346.
    BackgroundFunctional neurodiagnostics could allow researchers and clinicians to distinguish more accurately between the unresponsive wakefulness syndrome and the minimally conscious state. It remains unclear how it informs surrogate decision-making.ObjectiveTo explore how the next of kin of patients with disorders of consciousness interpret the results of a functional neurodiagnostics measure and how/why their interpretations influence their attitudes towards medical decisions.Methods and SampleWe conducted problem-centered interviews with seven next of kin of patients with DOC who had undergone a functional HD-EEG examination at (...)
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  24.  14
    The Tenth of Age of Apollo and a New Acrostic in Eclogue 4.Leah Kronenberg - 2017 - Philologus: Zeitschrift für Antike Literatur Und Ihre Rezeption 161 (2):337-339.
    Journal Name: Philologus Issue: Ahead of print.
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  25.  51
    Extreme Metal Music and Anger Processing.Leah Sharman & Genevieve A. Dingle - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  26.  25
    Does Direct-to-Consumer Marketing of Medical Technologies Undermine the Physician–Patient Relationship?Leah Rosenberg - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (4):22-23.
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  27. Higher‐order evidence and losing one's conviction.Leah Henderson - 2022 - Noûs 56 (3):513-529.
    There has been considerable puzzlement over how to respond to higher-order evidence. The existing dilemmas can be defused by adopting a ‘two-dimensional’ representation of doxastic attitudes which incorporates not only substantive uncertainty about which first-order state of affairs obtains but also the degree of conviction with which we hold the attitude. This makes it possible that in cases of higher-order evidence the evidence sometimes impacts primarily on our conviction, rather than our substantive uncertainty. I argue that such a two-dimensional representation (...)
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  28. The role of source reliability in belief polarisation.Leah Henderson & Alexander Gebharter - 2021 - Synthese 199 (3-4):10253-10276.
    Psychological studies show that the beliefs of two agents in a hypothesis can diverge even if both agents receive the same evidence. This phenomenon of belief polarisation is often explained by invoking biased assimilation of evidence, where the agents’ prior views about the hypothesis affect the way they process the evidence. We suggest, using a Bayesian model, that even if such influence is excluded, belief polarisation can still arise by another mechanism. This alternative mechanism involves differential weighting of the evidence (...)
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  29. Conceptualizations of argumentation from science studies and the learning sciences and their implications for the practices of science education.Leah A. Bricker & Philip Bell - 2008 - Science Education 92 (3):473-498.
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  30.  21
    Necessary forgetting: On the use of propranolol in post-traumatic stress disorder management.Leah B. Rosenberg - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (9):27 – 28.
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  31. The Structure and Dynamics of Scientific Theories: A Hierarchical Bayesian Perspective.Leah Henderson, Noah D. Goodman, Joshua B. Tenenbaum & James F. Woodward - 2010 - Philosophy of Science 77 (2):172-200.
    Hierarchical Bayesian models (HBMs) provide an account of Bayesian inference in a hierarchically structured hypothesis space. Scientific theories are plausibly regarded as organized into hierarchies in many cases, with higher levels sometimes called ‘paradigms’ and lower levels encoding more specific or concrete hypotheses. Therefore, HBMs provide a useful model for scientific theory change, showing how higher‐level theory change may be driven by the impact of evidence on lower levels. HBMs capture features described in the Kuhnian tradition, particularly the idea that (...)
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  32.  3
    Facilitators and barriers to health enhancing physical activity in individuals with severe functional limitations after stroke: A qualitative study.Leah Reicherzer, Markus Wirz, Frank Wieber & Eveline S. Graf - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    BackgroundPatients with chronic conditions are less physically active than the general population despite knowledge of positive effects on physical and mental health. There is a variety of reasons preventing people with disabilities from achieving levels of physical activities resulting in health benefits. However, less is known about potential facilitators and barriers for physical activity in people with severe movement impairments. The aim of this study was to identify obstacles and facilitators of PA in individuals with severe disabilities.Materials and methodsUsing a (...)
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  33.  7
    Conversations with Nietzsche: A Life in the Words of His Contemporaries.Sander L. Gilman (ed.) - 1991 - New York: Oxford University Press USA.
    Sander Gilman and David Parent present a fascinating sellection of memoirs, anecdotes, and informal recollections by friends and acquaintances of Nietzsche, translated by Parent from the definitive German collection.
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  34.  25
    Disease Prevalence and the Magnitude of Research Benefits.Leah Pierson & Joseph Millum - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (4):73-74.
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  35.  16
    Judgements of others' emotional appropriateness are multidimensional.Leah R. Warner & Stephanie A. Shields - 2009 - Cognition and Emotion 23 (5):876-888.
  36.  15
    Experience-driven recalibration of learning from surprising events.Leah Bakst & Joseph T. McGuire - 2023 - Cognition 232 (C):105343.
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  37.  16
    I don't know: in praise of admitting ignorance (except when you shouldn't).Leah Hager Cohen - 2013 - New York: Riverhead Books.
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  38.  27
    The limits of research institutions in setting research priorities.Leah Pierson & Joseph Millum - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics 43 (12):810-811.
    In When Clinical Trials Compete: Prioritizing Study Recruitment, Gelinas et al tackle an important issue—study non-completion—and draw conclusions with which we largely agree. Most importantly, we accept that setting priorities among competing research studies is necessary and should be informed by ethical analysis. We disagree with the conclusion of Gelinas et al that this priority setting should take place at the level of the individual research institution. At a minimum, they should consider other actors who might be better suited for (...)
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  39.  30
    The structure and dynamics of scientific theories: a hierarchical Bayesian perspective.Leah Henderson, Noah D. Goodman, Joshua B. Tenenbaum & James F. Woodward - 2010 - Philosophy of Science 77 (2):172-200.
    Hierarchical Bayesian models (HBMs) provide an account of Bayesian inference in a hierarchically structured hypothesis space. Scientific theories are plausibly regarded as organized into hierarchies in many cases, with higher levels sometimes called ‘para- digms’ and lower levels encoding more specific or concrete hypotheses. Therefore, HBMs provide a useful model for scientific theory change, showing how higher-level theory change may be driven by the impact of evidence on lower levels. HBMs capture features described in the Kuhnian tradition, particularly the idea (...)
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  40.  3
    Ambiguity, Ambivalence, and Activism: Data Organizing Inside the Institution.Leah Horgan & Paul Dourish - 2018 - Krisis | Journal for Contemporary Philosophy 38 (1):72-84.
    Investigations of data-centered efforts in advocacy and activism are often cast in terms of a narrative of opposition between grassroots activists working through and with data, and corporations or institutions whose actions data might expose. The boundaries are, however, not so distinct in practice. Indeed, one outcome of successful advocacy efforts for opening big data to the public is that the activists may find themselves drawn into the institutions they critique or view as impediments in order to actualize those efforts (...)
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  41. Allocation of scarce biospecimens for use in research.Leah Pierson, Sophia Gibert, Benjamin Berkman, Marion Danis & Joseph Millum - 2021 - Journal of Medical Ethics 47 (11):740-743.
    Hundreds of millions of rare biospecimens are stored in laboratories and biobanks around the world. Often, the researchers who possess these specimens do not plan to use them, while other researchers limit the scope of their work because they cannot acquire biospecimens that meet their needs. This situation raises an important and underexplored question: how should scientists allocate biospecimens that they do not intend to use? We argue that allocators should aim to maximise the social value of the research enterprise (...)
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  42. The Distinctive Purpose of Moral Judgments.E. Gilman - 1952 - Mind 61:307.
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  43.  16
    Objectivity in Conduct.Eric Gilman - 1954 - Philosophy 29 (111):308 - 320.
    There has of late been a revival of interest in the problem of practical reason. One of the causes of this revival has been, I think, a reaction against the radical subjectivism to which the emotive theory seemed to lead. Philosophers have wished to show that the method of linguistic analysis can account for that kind of objectivity, whatever kind that might be, which is possessed by our moral opinions, criticisms, etc. The question in what this objectivity consists has, however, (...)
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  44.  8
    The Use of Moral Concepts in Literary Criticism.Eric Gilman - 1966 - Philosophy 41 (158):304 - 319.
    It is probable that few critics, if directly challenged, would admit to believing that a work of literature which was, in some sense, morally objectionable was therefore necessarily totally lacking in literary merit. Nevertheless, it is not uncommon for a man—in the language he uses, in the conclusions he draws, in his obiter dicta—to seem yet to hold a view which, in its bald statement, he has denied. Certainly, those critics who most vehemently wish to dissociate themselves from any claims (...)
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  45. Afterword.Leah Hochman - 2023 - In Stanley M. Davids & Leah Hochman (eds.), Re-forming Judaism: moments of disruption in Jewish thought. New York: Central Conference of American Rabbis.
     
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  46. Indigenous/local environmental knowledge.Leah Horowitz - 2015 - In Thomas Albert Perreault, Gavin Bridge & James McCarthy (eds.), The Routledge handbook of political ecology. New York, NY: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group.
     
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  47.  40
    Science education in US natural history museums: A historical perspective.Leah M. Melber & Linda M. Abraham - 2002 - Science & Education 11 (1):45-54.
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  48.  9
    Be-maʻagle emunah: hebaṭim filosofiyim ṿe-teologyim be-nośe ha-emunah be-hagut ha-kelalit uva-hagut ha-Yehudit = Circles of faith: philosophical and theological perspectives of faith.Leah Orent - 2019 - Yerushalayim: Mosad Byaliḳ.
    Philosophical and theological perspectives of faith.
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  49. Ratso ṿa-shov: yesodot etiyim u-misṭiyim be-torato shel R. Shneʼur Zalman mi-Ladi, ʻiyun hashṿaʼati.Leah Orent - 2007 - Tel-Aviv: ha-Ḳibuts ha-meʼuḥad.
     
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  50. Ratso ṿa-shov: yesodot etiyim u-misṭiyim be-torato shel R. Shneʼur Zalman mi-Ladi, ʻiyun hashṿaʼati.Leah Orent - 2007 - Tel-Aviv: ha-Ḳibuts ha-meʼuḥad.
     
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