Results for 'Leah Brochu'

358 found
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  1.  9
    Crossing the Rhine: Germany During the Early Principate.Leah Brochu - 2013 - Constellations (University of Alberta Student Journal) 4 (1).
    This paper examines the relationship between early Germany and Rome following the defeat of the Romans in Germany in 9 BCE. The theories of several historians as to why the Romans did not try to conquer Germany and how the loss affected the Romans following the defeat.
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  2. Morality in the Guise of Dreams: A Critical Edition of kitāb Al-Manām, with Introduction, by Leah Kinberg.Leah Kinberg - 1994 - Brill.
    _K. al-Manām_ by Ibn Abī al-Dunyā is a compendium of 350 Muslim dream narratives in Arabic. The English introduction examines the function of dreams in classical Arabic literature with a focus on dreams as a means of edification.
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  3.  12
    Jin Y. Park in Conversation with Erin McCarthy, Leah Kalmanson, Douglas L. Berger, and Mark A. Nathan.Douglas L. Berger, Leah Kalmanson, Erin McCarthy, Mark A. Nathan & Jin Y. Park - 2020 - Journal of World Philosophies 5 (2):155-182.
    These essays engage Jin Y. Park’s recent translation of the work of Kim Iryŏp, a Buddhist nun and public intellectual in early twentieth-century Korea. Park’s translation of Iryŏp’s Reflections of a Zen Buddhist Nun was the subject of two book panels at recent conferences: the first a plenary session at the annual meeting of the Society for Asian and Comparative Philosophy and the second at the Eastern Division of the American Philosophical Association on a group program session sponsored by the (...)
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  4. Health Research Priority Setting: The Duties of Individual Funders.Leah Pierson & Joseph Millum - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (11):6-17.
    The vast majority of health research resources are used to study conditions that affect a small, advantaged portion of the global population. This distribution has been widely criticized as inequitable and threatens to exacerbate health disparities. However, there has been little systematic work on what individual health research funders ought to do in response. In this article, we analyze the general and special duties of research funders to the different populations that might benefit from health research. We assess how these (...)
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  5. The Structure and Dynamics of Scientific Theories: A Hierarchical Bayesian Perspective.Leah Henderson, Noah D. Goodman, Joshua B. Tenenbaum & James F. Woodward - 2010 - Philosophy of Science 77 (2):172-200.
    Hierarchical Bayesian models (HBMs) provide an account of Bayesian inference in a hierarchically structured hypothesis space. Scientific theories are plausibly regarded as organized into hierarchies in many cases, with higher levels sometimes called ‘paradigms’ and lower levels encoding more specific or concrete hypotheses. Therefore, HBMs provide a useful model for scientific theory change, showing how higher‐level theory change may be driven by the impact of evidence on lower levels. HBMs capture features described in the Kuhnian tradition, particularly the idea that (...)
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  6. Bayesianism and Inference to the Best Explanation.Leah Henderson - 2014 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 65 (4):687-715.
    Two of the most influential theories about scientific inference are inference to the best explanation and Bayesianism. How are they related? Bas van Fraassen has claimed that IBE and Bayesianism are incompatible rival theories, as any probabilistic version of IBE would violate Bayesian conditionalization. In response, several authors have defended the view that IBE is compatible with Bayesian updating. They claim that the explanatory considerations in IBE are taken into account by the Bayesian because the Bayesian either does or should (...)
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  7. The Role of Source Reliability in Belief Polarisation.Leah Henderson & Alexander Gebharter - 2021 - Synthese 199 (3-4):10253-10276.
    Psychological studies show that the beliefs of two agents in a hypothesis can diverge even if both agents receive the same evidence. This phenomenon of belief polarisation is often explained by invoking biased assimilation of evidence, where the agents’ prior views about the hypothesis affect the way they process the evidence. We suggest, using a Bayesian model, that even if such influence is excluded, belief polarisation can still arise by another mechanism. This alternative mechanism involves differential weighting of the evidence (...)
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  8.  13
    Charting the Expansion of Strategic Exploratory Behavior During Adolescence.Leah H. Somerville, Stephanie F. Sasse, Megan C. Garrad, Andrew T. Drysdale, Nadine Abi Akar, Catherine Insel & Robert C. Wilson - 2017 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 146 (2):155-164.
  9.  19
    Delegation in Democracy: A Temporal Analysis.Leah Downey - 2021 - Journal of Political Philosophy 29 (3):305-329.
    Journal of Political Philosophy, EarlyView.
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  10. The No Miracles Argument and the Base Rate Fallacy.Leah Henderson - 2017 - Synthese 194 (4):1295-1302.
    The no miracles argument is one of the main arguments for scientific realism. Recently it has been alleged that the no miracles argument is fundamentally flawed because it commits the base rate fallacy. The allegation is based on the idea that the appeal of the no miracles argument arises from inappropriate neglect of the base rate of approximate truth among the relevant population of theories. However, the base rate fallacy allegation relies on an assumption of random sampling of individuals from (...)
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  11.  21
    A Nudge Toward Meaningful Choice.Leah R. Fowler & Jessica L. Roberts - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (5):76-78.
    Volume 19, Issue 5, May 2019, Page 76-78.
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  12.  13
    Gas Guzzling Gaia, Or: A Prehistory of Climate Change Denialism.Leah Aronowsky - 2021 - Critical Inquiry 47 (2):306-327.
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  13.  3
    The Structure and Dynamics of Scientific Theories: A Hierarchical Bayesian Perspective.Leah Henderson, Noah D. Goodman, Joshua B. Tenenbaum & James F. Woodward - 2010 - Philosophy of Science 77 (2):172-200.
    Hierarchical Bayesian models (HBMs) provide an account of Bayesian inference in a hierarchically structured hypothesis space. Scientific theories are plausibly regarded as organized into hierarchies in many cases, with higher levels sometimes called ‘para- digms’ and lower levels encoding more specific or concrete hypotheses. Therefore, HBMs provide a useful model for scientific theory change, showing how higher-level theory change may be driven by the impact of evidence on lower levels. HBMs capture features described in the Kuhnian tradition, particularly the idea (...)
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  14.  59
    Higher‐Order Evidence and Losing One's Conviction.Leah Henderson - 2022 - Noûs 56 (3):513-529.
    There has been considerable puzzlement over how to respond to higher-order evidence. The existing dilemmas can be defused by adopting a ‘two-dimensional’ representation of doxastic attitudes which incorporates not only substantive uncertainty about which first-order state of affairs obtains but also the degree of conviction with which we hold the attitude. This makes it possible that in cases of higher-order evidence the evidence sometimes impacts primarily on our conviction, rather than our substantive uncertainty. I argue that such a two-dimensional representation (...)
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  15.  10
    How Does Functional Neurodiagnostics Inform Surrogate Decision-Making for Patients with Disorders of Consciousness? A Qualitative Interview Study with Patients’ Next of Kin.Leah Schembs, Maria Ruhfass, Eric Racine, Ralf J. Jox, Andreas Bender, Martin Rosenfelder & Katja Kuehlmeyer - 2021 - Neuroethics 14 (3):327-346.
    BackgroundFunctional neurodiagnostics could allow researchers and clinicians to distinguish more accurately between the unresponsive wakefulness syndrome and the minimally conscious state. It remains unclear how it informs surrogate decision-making.ObjectiveTo explore how the next of kin of patients with disorders of consciousness interpret the results of a functional neurodiagnostics measure and how/why their interpretations influence their attitudes towards medical decisions.Methods and SampleWe conducted problem-centered interviews with seven next of kin of patients with DOC who had undergone a functional HD-EEG examination at (...)
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  16.  31
    Extreme Metal Music and Anger Processing.Leah Sharman & Genevieve A. Dingle - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  17.  10
    Anger and Asymmetrical Frontal Cortical Activity: Evidence for an Anger–Withdrawal Relationship.Leah R. Zinner, Amanda B. Brodish, Patricia G. Devine & Eddie Harmon-Jones - 2008 - Cognition and Emotion 22 (6):1081-1093.
  18.  99
    A Theoretical Framework for Patient-Reported Outcome Measures.Leah McClimans - 2010 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 31 (3):225-240.
    Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) are increasingly used to assess multiple facets of healthcare, including effectiveness, side effects of treatment, symptoms, health care needs, quality of care, and the evaluation of health care options. There are thousands of these measures and yet there is very little discussion of their theoretical underpinnings. In her 2008 Presidential address to the Society for Quality of Life Research (ISOQoL), Professor Donna Lamping challenged researchers to grapple with the theoretical issues that arise from these measures. In (...)
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  19.  12
    Clinical Outcome Measurement: Models, Theory, Psychometrics and Practice.Leah McClimans, John Browne & Stefan Cano - 2017 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 65:67-73.
  20. Conceptualizations of Argumentation From Science Studies and the Learning Sciences and Their Implications for the Practices of Science Education.Leah A. Bricker & Philip Bell - 2008 - Science Education 92 (3):473-498.
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  21.  3
    The Tenth of Age of Apollo and a New Acrostic in Eclogue 4.Leah Kronenberg - 2017 - Philologus: Zeitschrift für Antike Literatur Und Ihre Rezeption 161 (2):337-339.
    Journal Name: Philologus Issue: Ahead of print.
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  22.  12
    Quantum Reaxiomatisations and Information-Theoretic Interpretations of Quantum Theory.Leah Henderson - 2020 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 72:292-300.
    Jeff Bub has developed an information-theoretic interpretation of quantum mechanics on the basis of the programme to reaxiomatise the theory in terms of information-theoretic principles. According to the most recent version of the interpretation, reaxiomatisation can dissolve some of the demands for explanation traditionally associated with the task of providing an interpretation for the theory. The key idea is that the real lesson we should take away from quantum mechanics is that the ‘structure of in- formation’ is not what we (...)
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  23. Health Research Priority Setting: Do Grant Review Processes Reflect Ethical Principles?Leah Pierson & Joseph Millum - forthcoming - Global Public Health.
    Most public and non-profit organisations that fund health research provide the majority of their funding in the form of grants. The calls for grant applications are often untargeted, such that a wide variety of applications may compete for the same funding. The grant review process therefore plays a critical role in determining how limited research resources are allocated. Despite this, little attention has been paid to whether grant review criteria align with widely endorsed ethical criteria for allocating health research resources. (...)
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  24.  34
    The Ancillary‐Care Responsibilities of Medical Researchers: An Ethical Framework for Thinking About the Clinical Care That Researchers Owe Their Subjects.Henry S. Richardson & Leah Belsky - 2004 - Hastings Center Report 34 (1):25-33.
  25.  18
    Disease Prevalence and the Magnitude of Research Benefits.Leah Pierson & Joseph Millum - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (4):73-74.
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  26. When They Aren't Eating Us, They Bring Us Together: Zombies and the American Social Contract.Leah A. Murray - 2006 - In Richard Greene & K. Silem Mohammed (eds.), The Undead and Philosophy. Open Court. pp. 211--220.
     
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  27.  12
    Against the Use of Medical Technologies for Military or National Security Interests.Leah Rosenberg & Eric Gehrie - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (5):22 – 24.
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  28. Levinas in Japan: The Ethics of Alterity and the Philosophy of No-Self.Leah Kalmanson - 2010 - Continental Philosophy Review 43 (2):193-206.
    Does the Buddhist doctrine of no-self imply, simply put, no-other? Does this doctrine necessarily come into conflict with an ethics premised on the alterity of the other? This article explores these questions by situating Emmanuel Levinas’s ethics in the context of contemporary Japanese philosophy. The work of twentieth-century Japanese philosopher Watsuji Tetsurō provides a starting point from which to consider the ethics of the self-other relation in light of the Buddhist notion of emptiness. The philosophy of thirteenth-century Zen Master Dōgen (...)
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  29.  16
    Comments on Episodic Memory: When Recognition Fails, by Watkins and Tulving.Leah L. Light, Gregory A. Kimble & James W. Pellegrino - 1975 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 104 (1):30-36.
  30.  22
    Moral Expertise in the Clinic: Lessons Learned From Medicine and Science.Leah McClimans & Anne Slowther - 2016 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 41 (4):401-415.
    Philosophers and others have questioned whether or not expertise in morality is possible. This debate is not only theoretical, but also affects the perceived legitimacy of clinical ethicists. One argument against moral expertise is that in a pluralistic society with competing moral theories no one can claim expertise regarding what another ought morally to do. There are simply too many reasonable moral values and intuitions that affect theory choice and its application; expertise is epistemically uniform. In this article, we discuss (...)
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  31.  1
    Implantable Smart Technologies (IST): Defining the ‘Sting’ in Data and Device.Leah Gilman, Shawn Harmon & Gill Haddow - 2016 - Health Care Analysis 24 (3):210-227.
    In a world surrounded by smart objects from sensors to automated medical devices, the ubiquity of ‘smart’ seems matched only by its lack of clarity. In this article, we use our discussions with expert stakeholders working in areas of implantable medical devices such as cochlear implants, implantable cardiac defibrillators, deep brain stimulators and in vivo biosensors to interrogate the difference facets of smart in ‘implantable smart technologies’, considering also whether regulation needs to respond to the autonomy that such artefacts carry (...)
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  32.  16
    Homonyms and Synonyms as Retrieval Cues.Leah L. Light - 1972 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 96 (2):255.
  33.  12
    Bioethics and Women, Across the Life Span.Leah McClimans - 2008 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 11 (2):229-230.
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  34.  15
    The Limits of Research Institutions in Setting Research Priorities.Leah Pierson & Joseph Millum - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics 43 (12):810-811.
    In When Clinical Trials Compete: Prioritizing Study Recruitment, Gelinas et al tackle an important issue—study non-completion—and draw conclusions with which we largely agree. Most importantly, we accept that setting priorities among competing research studies is necessary and should be informed by ethical analysis. We disagree with the conclusion of Gelinas et al that this priority setting should take place at the level of the individual research institution. At a minimum, they should consider other actors who might be better suited for (...)
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  35.  20
    The Cinema of Agnès Varda: Resistance and Eclecticism by Delphine Bénézet.Leah Vonderheide - 2017 - Substance 46 (2):192-197.
    Varda's longtime moniker, "Grandmother" of the French New Wave, conjures the image of a "little old woman, pleasantly plump and talkative"–a description that Varda herself uses in Les Plages d'Agnès. In The Cinema of Agnès Varda: Resistance and Eclecticism, Delphine Bénézet contends that this persona is merely one of many alter egos that Varda puts forward in her attempt to debunk "the myth of the all mighty male auteur". Furthermore, Bénézet's exploration of Varda's oeuvre reveals that the filmmaker's work has (...)
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  36.  61
    Allocation of Scarce Biospecimens for Use in Research.Leah Pierson, Sophia Gibert, Benjamin Berkman, Marion Danis & Joseph Millum - 2021 - Journal of Medical Ethics 47 (11):740-743.
    Hundreds of millions of rare biospecimens are stored in laboratories and biobanks around the world. Often, the researchers who possess these specimens do not plan to use them, while other researchers limit the scope of their work because they cannot acquire biospecimens that meet their needs. This situation raises an important and underexplored question: how should scientists allocate biospecimens that they do not intend to use? We argue that allocators should aim to maximise the social value of the research enterprise (...)
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  37.  44
    Towards Self-Determination in Quality of Life Research: A Dialogic Approach.Leah McClimans - 2010 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 13 (1):67-76.
    Health-related quality of life measures aim to assess patients’ subjective experience in order to gauge an increasingly wide variety of health care issues such as patient needs; satisfaction; side effects; quality of care; disease progression and cost effectiveness. Their popularity is undoubtedly due to a larger initiative to provide patient-centered care. The use of patient perspectives to guide health care improvements and spending is rooted in the idea that we must respect patients as self-determining agents. In this paper I look (...)
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  38.  38
    Can the Second Law Be Compatible with Time Reversal Invariant Dynamics?Leah Henderson - 2014 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 47:90-98.
    It is commonly thought that there is some tension between the second law of thermodynam- ics and the time reversal invariance of the microdynamics. Recently, however, Jos Uffink has argued that the origin of time reversal non-invariance in thermodynamics is not in the second law. Uffink argues that the relationship between the second law and time reversal invariance depends on the formulation of the second law. He claims that a recent version of the second law due to Lieb and Yngvason (...)
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  39.  43
    The Von Neumann Entropy: A Reply to Shenker.Leah Henderson - 2003 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 54 (2):291-296.
    Shenker has claimed that Von Neumann's argument for identifying the quantum mechanical entropy with the Von Neumann entropy, S() = – ktr( log ), is invalid. Her claim rests on a misunderstanding of the idea of a quantum mechanical pure state. I demonstrate this, and provide a further explanation of Von Neumann's argument.
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  40.  19
    Putting Inference to the Best Explanation Into Context.Leah Henderson - 2022 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 94:167-176.
  41. Book Review: Empowering Migrant Women: Why Agency and Rights Are Not Enough. [REVIEW]Leah Bassel - 2012 - Feminist Review 101 (1):e12-e13.
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  42. Prior Authorization as a Potential Support of Patient-Centered Care.Leah Rand & Zackary Berger - 2018 - Patient 4 (11):371-375.
    We discuss the role of prior authorization (PA) in supporting patient-centered care (PCC) by directing health system resources and thus the ability to better meet the needs of individual patients. We begin with an account of PCC as a standard that should be aimed for in patient care. In order to achieve widespread PCC, appropriate resource management is essential in a healthcare system. This brings us to PA, and we present an idealized view of PA in order to argue how (...)
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  43. Closure But No Cigar.Leah Eisenberg, Thomas V. Cunningham & D. Micah Hester - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (1):44-46.
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  44. Judgements of Others' Emotional Appropriateness Are Multidimensional.Leah R. Warner & Stephanie A. Shields - 2009 - Cognition and Emotion 23 (5):876-888.
  45.  28
    Social Uncertainty in Disorders of Consciousness: Shedding Light on the Various Perspectives of Family Caregivers and Surrogates.Leah Schembs, Ralf J. Jox & Katja Kuehlmeyer - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 9 (2):85-87.
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  46.  16
    Does Crying Help? Development of the Beliefs About Crying Scale.Leah S. Sharman, Genevieve A. Dingle & Eric J. Vanman - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 33 (4):722-736.
    ABSTRACTCrying is often considered to be a positive experience that benefits the crier, yet there is little empirical evidence to support this. Indeed, it seems that people hold a range of appraisals about their crying, and these are likely to influence the effects of crying on their emotional state. This paper reports on the development and psychometric validation of the Beliefs about Crying Scale, a new measure assessing beliefs about whether crying leads to positive or negative emotional outcomes in individual (...)
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  47. Deepfakes, Deep Harms.Regina Rini & Leah Cohen - 2022 - Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 22 (2).
    Deepfakes are algorithmically modified video and audio recordings that project one person’s appearance on to that of another, creating an apparent recording of an event that never took place. Many scholars and journalists have begun attending to the political risks of deepfake deception. Here we investigate other ways in which deepfakes have the potential to cause deeper harms than have been appreciated. First, we consider a form of objectification that occurs in deepfaked ‘frankenporn’ that digitally fuses the parts of different (...)
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  48.  98
    Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “Health Research Priority Setting: The Duties of Individual Funders”.Leah Pierson & Joseph Millum - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (1):W5-W7.
    We respond to open peer commentaries on our target article, "Health Research Priority Setting: The Duties of Individual Funders".
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  49.  7
    Current Practices and the Provider Perspectives on Inconclusive Genetic Test Results for Osteogenesis Imperfecta in Children with Unexplained Fractures: ELSI Implications.Emily Youngblom, Mitzi Leah Murray & Peter H. Byers - 2016 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 44 (3):514-519.
    Genetic testing can be used to determine if unexplained fractures in children could have resulted from a predisposition to bone fractures, e.g., osteogenesis imperfecta. However, uncertainty is introduced if a variant of unknown significance is identified. Proper interpretation of VUS in these situations is critical because of its influence on clinical care and in court rulings. This study sought to understand how VUS are interpreted and used by practitioners when there is a differential diagnosis including both osteogenesis imperfecta and non-accidental (...)
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  50.  10
    Does Direct-to-Consumer Marketing of Medical Technologies Undermine the Physician–Patient Relationship?Leah Rosenberg - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (4):22-23.
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