Results for 'Leah Brochu'

387 found
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  1.  27
    Crossing the Rhine: Germany during the Early Principate.Leah Brochu - 2013 - Constellations (University of Alberta Student Journal) 4 (1).
    This paper examines the relationship between early Germany and Rome following the defeat of the Romans in Germany in 9 BCE. The theories of several historians as to why the Romans did not try to conquer Germany and how the loss affected the Romans following the defeat.
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  2.  30
    Correction to: Mapping trust relationships in organ donation and transplantation: a conceptual model.María Victoria Martínez-López, Leah McLaughlin, Alberto Molina-Pérez, Krzysztof Pabisiak, Nadia Primc, Gurch Randhawa, David Rodríguez-Arias, Jorge Suárez, Sabine Wöhlke & Janet Delgado - 2024 - BMC Medical Ethics 25 (1):1-2.
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  3. Morality in the Guise of Dreams: A Critical Edition of kitāb Al-Manām, with Introduction, by Leah Kinberg.Leah Kinberg - 1994 - Brill.
    _K. al-Manām_ by Ibn Abī al-Dunyā is a compendium of 350 Muslim dream narratives in Arabic. The English introduction examines the function of dreams in classical Arabic literature with a focus on dreams as a means of edification.
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  4. Health Research Priority Setting: The Duties of Individual Funders.Leah Pierson & Joseph Millum - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (11):6-17.
    The vast majority of health research resources are used to study conditions that affect a small, advantaged portion of the global population. This distribution has been widely criticized as inequitable and threatens to exacerbate health disparities. However, there has been little systematic work on what individual health research funders ought to do in response. In this article, we analyze the general and special duties of research funders to the different populations that might benefit from health research. We assess how these (...)
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  5.  28
    Anger and asymmetrical frontal cortical activity: Evidence for an anger–withdrawal relationship.Leah R. Zinner, Amanda B. Brodish, Patricia G. Devine & Eddie Harmon-Jones - 2008 - Cognition and Emotion 22 (6):1081-1093.
  6.  7
    Leah Z. Rand, Daniel P. Carpenter, Aaron S. Kesselheim, Anushka Bhaskar, Jonathan J. Darrow, and William B. Feldman Reply. [REVIEW]Leah Z. Rand, Daniel P. Carpenter, Aaron S. Kesselheim, Anushka Bhaskar, Jonathan J. Darrow & William B. Feldman - 2024 - Hastings Center Report 54 (2):44-45.
    The authors respond to a letter by Mitchell Berger in the March‐April 2024 issue of the Hastings Center Report concerning their essay “Securing the Trustworthiness of the FDA to Build Public Trust in Vaccines.”.
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  7. Health Research Priority Setting: Do Grant Review Processes Reflect Ethical Principles?Leah Pierson & Joseph Millum - forthcoming - Global Public Health.
    Most public and non-profit organisations that fund health research provide the majority of their funding in the form of grants. The calls for grant applications are often untargeted, such that a wide variety of applications may compete for the same funding. The grant review process therefore plays a critical role in determining how limited research resources are allocated. Despite this, little attention has been paid to whether grant review criteria align with widely endorsed ethical criteria for allocating health research resources. (...)
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  8.  49
    Gas Guzzling Gaia, or: A Prehistory of Climate Change Denialism.Leah Aronowsky - 2021 - Critical Inquiry 47 (2):306-327.
    This article tells the story of the oil and gas origins of the Gaia hypothesis, the theory that the Earth is a homeostatic system. It shows how Gaia’s key assumption—that the climate is a fundamentally stable system, able to withstand perturbations—emerged as a result of a collaboration between the theory’s progenitor, James Lovelock, and Royal Dutch Shell in response to Shell’s concerns about the effects of its products on the climate. The article explains how Lovelock elaborated the Gaia hypothesis and (...)
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  9.  52
    Extreme Metal Music and Anger Processing.Leah Sharman & Genevieve A. Dingle - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9:127226.
    The claim that listening to extreme music causes anger, and expressions of anger such as aggression and delinquency have yet to be substantiated using controlled experimental methods. In this study, 39 extreme music listeners aged 18–34 years were subjected to an anger induction, followed by random assignment to 10 min of listening to extreme music from their own playlist, or 10 min silence (control). Measures of emotion included heart rate and subjective ratings on the Positive and Negative Affect Scale (PANAS). (...)
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  10.  36
    Jin Y. Park in Conversation with Erin McCarthy, Leah Kalmanson, Douglas L. Berger, and Mark A. Nathan.Douglas L. Berger, Leah Kalmanson, Erin McCarthy, Mark A. Nathan & Jin Y. Park - 2020 - Journal of World Philosophies 5 (2):155-182.
    These essays engage Jin Y. Park’s recent translation of the work of Kim Iryŏp, a Buddhist nun and public intellectual in early twentieth-century Korea. Park’s translation of Iryŏp’s Reflections of a Zen Buddhist Nun was the subject of two book panels at recent conferences: the first a plenary session at the annual meeting of the Society for Asian and Comparative Philosophy and the second at the Eastern Division of the American Philosophical Association on a group program session sponsored by the (...)
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  11.  19
    Status, gender, and the politics of emotional authenticity.Leah R. Warner & Stephanie A. Shields - 2009 - In Mikko Salmela & Verena Mayer (eds.), Emotions, Ethics, and Authenticity. John Benjamins. pp. 5--91.
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  12. Bayesianism and Inference to the Best Explanation.Leah Henderson - 2014 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 65 (4):687-715.
    Two of the most influential theories about scientific inference are inference to the best explanation and Bayesianism. How are they related? Bas van Fraassen has claimed that IBE and Bayesianism are incompatible rival theories, as any probabilistic version of IBE would violate Bayesian conditionalization. In response, several authors have defended the view that IBE is compatible with Bayesian updating. They claim that the explanatory considerations in IBE are taken into account by the Bayesian because the Bayesian either does or should (...)
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  13.  8
    Bioethicists Today: Results of the Views in Bioethics Survey.Leah Pierson, Sophie Gibert, Leila Orszag, Haley K. Sullivan, Rachel Yuexin Fei, Govind Persad & Emily A. Largent - forthcoming - American Journal of Bioethics.
    Bioethicists influence practices and policies in medicine, science, and public health. However, little is known about bioethicists’ views. We recently surveyed 824 U.S. bioethicists on a wide range of ethical issues, including topics related to abortion, medical aid in dying, and resource allocation, among others. We also asked bioethicists about their demographic, religious, academic, and professional backgrounds. We find that bioethicists’ normative commitments predict their views on bioethical issues. We also find that, in important ways, bioethicists’ views do not align (...)
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  14. When They Aren't Eating Us, They Bring Us Together: Zombies and the American Social Contract.Leah A. Murray - 2006 - In Richard Greene & K. Silem Mohammed (eds.), The Undead and Philosophy. Open Court. pp. 211--220.
     
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  15. The Structure and Dynamics of Scientific Theories: A Hierarchical Bayesian Perspective.Leah Henderson, Noah D. Goodman, Joshua B. Tenenbaum & James F. Woodward - 2010 - Philosophy of Science 77 (2):172-200.
    Hierarchical Bayesian models (HBMs) provide an account of Bayesian inference in a hierarchically structured hypothesis space. Scientific theories are plausibly regarded as organized into hierarchies in many cases, with higher levels sometimes called ‘paradigms’ and lower levels encoding more specific or concrete hypotheses. Therefore, HBMs provide a useful model for scientific theory change, showing how higher‐level theory change may be driven by the impact of evidence on lower levels. HBMs capture features described in the Kuhnian tradition, particularly the idea that (...)
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  16.  25
    Against the use of medical technologies for military or national security interests.Leah Rosenberg & Eric Gehrie - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (5):22 – 24.
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  17.  32
    Clinical outcome measurement: Models, theory, psychometrics and practice.Leah McClimans, John Browne & Stefan Cano - 2017 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 65:67-73.
  18.  22
    Mapping out epistemic justice in the clinical space: using narrative techniques to affirm patients as knowers.Leah Teresa Rosen - 2021 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 16 (1):1-6.
    Epistemic injustice sits at the intersection of ethics, epistemology, and social justice. Generally, this philosophical term describes when a person is wrongfully discredited as a knower; and within the clinical space, epistemic injustice is the underlying reason that some patient testimonies are valued above others. The following essay seeks to connect patterns of social prejudice to the clinical realm in the United States: illustrating how factors such as race, gender identity, and socioeconomic status influence epistemic credence and associatively, the quality (...)
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  19.  40
    Science education in US natural history museums: A historical perspective.Leah M. Melber & Linda M. Abraham - 2002 - Science & Education 11 (1):45-54.
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  20. Epistemological development in very young knowers.Leah K. Wildenger, Barbara K. Hofer & Jean E. Burr - 2010 - In Lisa D. Bendixen & Florian C. Feucht (eds.), Personal epistemology in the classroom: theory, research, and implications for practice. New York: Cambridge University Press.
     
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  21. Conceptualizations of argumentation from science studies and the learning sciences and their implications for the practices of science education.Leah A. Bricker & Philip Bell - 2008 - Science Education 92 (3):473-498.
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  22.  17
    I don't know: in praise of admitting ignorance (except when you shouldn't).Leah Hager Cohen - 2013 - New York: Riverhead Books.
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  23.  55
    Delegation in Democracy: A Temporal Analysis.Leah Downey - 2020 - Journal of Political Philosophy 29 (3):305-329.
    Journal of Political Philosophy, EarlyView.
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  24. Higher‐order evidence and losing one's conviction.Leah Henderson - 2022 - Noûs 56 (3):513-529.
    There has been considerable puzzlement over how to respond to higher-order evidence. The existing dilemmas can be defused by adopting a ‘two-dimensional’ representation of doxastic attitudes which incorporates not only substantive uncertainty about which first-order state of affairs obtains but also the degree of conviction with which we hold the attitude. This makes it possible that in cases of higher-order evidence the evidence sometimes impacts primarily on our conviction, rather than our substantive uncertainty. I argue that such a two-dimensional representation (...)
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  25. Afterword.Leah Hochman - 2023 - In Stanley M. Davids & Leah Hochman (eds.), Re-forming Judaism: moments of disruption in Jewish thought. New York: Central Conference of American Rabbis.
     
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  26. Indigenous/local environmental knowledge.Leah Horowitz - 2015 - In Thomas Albert Perreault, Gavin Bridge & James McCarthy (eds.), The Routledge handbook of political ecology. New York, NY: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group.
     
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  27. The role of source reliability in belief polarisation.Leah Henderson & Alexander Gebharter - 2021 - Synthese 199 (3-4):10253-10276.
    Psychological studies show that the beliefs of two agents in a hypothesis can diverge even if both agents receive the same evidence. This phenomenon of belief polarisation is often explained by invoking biased assimilation of evidence, where the agents’ prior views about the hypothesis affect the way they process the evidence. We suggest, using a Bayesian model, that even if such influence is excluded, belief polarisation can still arise by another mechanism. This alternative mechanism involves differential weighting of the evidence (...)
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  28.  41
    How Does Functional Neurodiagnostics Inform Surrogate Decision-Making for Patients with Disorders of Consciousness? A Qualitative Interview Study with Patients’ Next of Kin.Leah Schembs, Maria Ruhfass, Eric Racine, Ralf J. Jox, Andreas Bender, Martin Rosenfelder & Katja Kuehlmeyer - 2020 - Neuroethics 14 (3):327-346.
    BackgroundFunctional neurodiagnostics could allow researchers and clinicians to distinguish more accurately between the unresponsive wakefulness syndrome and the minimally conscious state. It remains unclear how it informs surrogate decision-making.ObjectiveTo explore how the next of kin of patients with disorders of consciousness interpret the results of a functional neurodiagnostics measure and how/why their interpretations influence their attitudes towards medical decisions.Methods and SampleWe conducted problem-centered interviews with seven next of kin of patients with DOC who had undergone a functional HD-EEG examination at (...)
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  29.  16
    Judgements of others' emotional appropriateness are multidimensional.Leah R. Warner & Stephanie A. Shields - 2009 - Cognition and Emotion 23 (5):876-888.
  30.  15
    Experience-driven recalibration of learning from surprising events.Leah Bakst & Joseph T. McGuire - 2023 - Cognition 232 (C):105343.
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  31.  21
    Necessary forgetting: On the use of propranolol in post-traumatic stress disorder management.Leah B. Rosenberg - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (9):27 – 28.
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  32.  33
    The structure and dynamics of scientific theories: a hierarchical Bayesian perspective.Leah Henderson, Noah D. Goodman, Joshua B. Tenenbaum & James F. Woodward - 2010 - Philosophy of Science 77 (2):172-200.
    Hierarchical Bayesian models (HBMs) provide an account of Bayesian inference in a hierarchically structured hypothesis space. Scientific theories are plausibly regarded as organized into hierarchies in many cases, with higher levels sometimes called ‘para- digms’ and lower levels encoding more specific or concrete hypotheses. Therefore, HBMs provide a useful model for scientific theory change, showing how higher-level theory change may be driven by the impact of evidence on lower levels. HBMs capture features described in the Kuhnian tradition, particularly the idea (...)
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  33.  9
    ‘All Wrong in Point of Political Economy’: Attempting to Salvage the Oikos from the Polis in Bleak House.Leah Casey - 2021 - Law and Critique 33 (2):215-235.
    This paper proposes that Dickens’s Bleak House is symptomatic of a so-called social realm, in which neither oikos nor polis exists as a distinct, autonomous entity; therefore, neither can offer sanctuary or adequately discharge the historical role of the household – maintaining life. In this zone of indistinction, the symbolic structures of London’s law have become the city’s physical structures, leading to symptoms like Jo the outlaw, whose illness and death is attributed to the failure of both the polis and (...)
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  34. Crossing frontiers of science : trespassing into a godless space, or, Fulfilling our manifest destiny.Leah Ceccarelli - 2013 - In Michael J. Hyde & James A. Herrick (eds.), After the genome: a language for our biotechnological future. Waco, Texas: Baylor University Press.
     
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  35. Special section on argumentation and paradoxes Manfred kienpointner/introduction Manfred kienpointner/persuasive paradoxes in cicero's speeches Anna orlandini/logical, semantic and cultural.Leah Ceccarelli & Roland Schmetz - 2002 - Argumentation 17:561-563.
  36.  9
    Be-maʻagle emunah: hebaṭim filosofiyim ṿe-teologyim be-nośe ha-emunah be-hagut ha-kelalit uva-hagut ha-Yehudit = Circles of faith: philosophical and theological perspectives of faith.Leah Orent - 2019 - Yerushalayim: Mosad Byaliḳ.
    Philosophical and theological perspectives of faith.
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  37. Ratso ṿa-shov: yesodot etiyim u-misṭiyim be-torato shel R. Shneʼur Zalman mi-Ladi, ʻiyun hashṿaʼati.Leah Orent - 2007 - Tel-Aviv: ha-Ḳibuts ha-meʼuḥad.
     
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  38. Ratso ṿa-shov: yesodot etiyim u-misṭiyim be-torato shel R. Shneʼur Zalman mi-Ladi, ʻiyun hashṿaʼati.Leah Orent - 2007 - Tel-Aviv: ha-Ḳibuts ha-meʼuḥad.
     
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  39.  26
    The Cinema of Agnès Varda: Resistance and Eclecticism by Delphine Bénézet.Leah Vonderheide - 2017 - Substance 46 (2):192-197.
    Varda's longtime moniker, "Grandmother" of the French New Wave, conjures the image of a "little old woman, pleasantly plump and talkative"–a description that Varda herself uses in Les Plages d'Agnès. In The Cinema of Agnès Varda: Resistance and Eclecticism, Delphine Bénézet contends that this persona is merely one of many alter egos that Varda puts forward in her attempt to debunk "the myth of the all mighty male auteur". Furthermore, Bénézet's exploration of Varda's oeuvre reveals that the filmmaker's work has (...)
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  40.  33
    Homonyms and synonyms as retrieval cues.Leah L. Light - 1972 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 96 (2):255.
  41.  50
    Elective Twin Reductions: Evidence and Ethics.Leah Mcclimans - 2010 - Bioethics 24 (6):295-303.
    Twelve years ago the British media got wind of a London gynecologist who performed an elective reduction on a twin pregnancy reducing it to a singleton. Perhaps not surprisingly, opinion on the moral status of twin reductions was divided. But in the last few years new evidence regarding the medical risks of twin pregnancies has emerged, suggesting that twin reductions are relevantly similar to the reductions performed on high‐end multi‐fetal pregnancies. This evidence has appeared to resolve the moral debate.In this (...)
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  42.  15
    Gallus and Valgius Rufus in Horace Odes 2.9.Leah Kronenberg - 2019 - Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 112 (2):57-69.
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  43. A theoretical framework for patient-reported outcome measures.Leah McClimans - 2010 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 31 (3):225-240.
    Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) are increasingly used to assess multiple facets of healthcare, including effectiveness, side effects of treatment, symptoms, health care needs, quality of care, and the evaluation of health care options. There are thousands of these measures and yet there is very little discussion of their theoretical underpinnings. In her 2008 Presidential address to the Society for Quality of Life Research (ISOQoL), Professor Donna Lamping challenged researchers to grapple with the theoretical issues that arise from these measures. In (...)
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  44. The no miracles argument and the base rate fallacy.Leah Henderson - 2017 - Synthese 194 (4):1295-1302.
    The no miracles argument is one of the main arguments for scientific realism. Recently it has been alleged that the no miracles argument is fundamentally flawed because it commits the base rate fallacy. The allegation is based on the idea that the appeal of the no miracles argument arises from inappropriate neglect of the base rate of approximate truth among the relevant population of theories. However, the base rate fallacy allegation relies on an assumption of random sampling of individuals from (...)
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  45.  60
    Can UK Clinical Ethics Committees Improve Quality of Care?Leah McClimans, Anne-Marie Slowther & Michael Parker - 2012 - HEC Forum 24 (2):139-147.
    Failings in patient care and quality in NHS Trusts have become a recurring theme over the past few years. In this paper, we examine the Care Quality Commission’s Guidance about Compliance: Essential Standards of Quality and Safety and ask how NHS Trusts might be better supported in fulfilling the regulations specified therein. We argue that clinical ethics committees (CECs) have a role to play in this regard. We make this argument by attending to the many ethical elements that are highlighted (...)
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  46.  14
    The Limits of a Voluntary Framework in an Unethical Data Ecosystem.Leah R. Fowler, Anya E. R. Prince & Michael R. Ulrich - 2023 - American Journal of Bioethics 23 (11):39-41.
    The need for greater privacy protections in the United States has never been greater. In their work, “Ethical Responsibilities for Companies That Process Personal Data”, McCoy et al. (2023) correct...
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  47. Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “Health Research Priority Setting: The Duties of Individual Funders”.Leah Pierson & Joseph Millum - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (1):W5-W7.
    We respond to open peer commentaries on our target article, "Health Research Priority Setting: The Duties of Individual Funders".
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  48.  21
    Learn and Live?: Understanding the Cultural Focus on Nonbeneficial Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) as a Response to Existential Distress About Death and Dying.Leah B. Rosenberg & David Doolittle - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (2):54-55.
  49.  10
    The New Woman and ‘The Dusky Strand’: The Place of Feminism and Women's Literature in Early Jamaican Nationalism.Leah Rosenberg - 2010 - Feminist Review 95 (1):45-63.
    This essay analyzes the prominent role played by first wave feminism and by women writers between 1898-1903 as the Jamaica Times articulated a broad-based, middle class nationalism and launched a campaign to establish a Jamaican national literature. Largely overlooked, this archival material is significant because it suggests a subtle yet significant modification of anglophone Caribbean feminist, literary and nationalist historiography: first wave feminism was not introduced to Jamaica exclusively through black nationalist organizations in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, (...)
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  50.  19
    Analyzing discourses of emotion management on Survivor, using micro- and macro-analytic discourse perspectives.Leah Wingard & Karen E. Lovaas - 2014 - Pragmatics and Society 5 (1):50-75.
    In this paper, we study discourses of emotion management on the reality television show Survivor. We analyze segments of the program that feature emotionally charged interactional moments and examine how these interactions are interwoven with contestants’ confessional interviews and framed by the narrator’s introductions of the segments. In a two part analysis, we first analyze the talk produced by the contestants and the host as individual texts, using a discourse analytic perspective that focuses on the details of the talk itself. (...)
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