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Lawrence Lengbeyer [18]Lawrence A. Lengbeyer [2]Lawrence Adam Lengbeyer [2]
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Lawrence Lengbeyer
United States Naval Academy
  1. Racism and Impure Hearts.Lawrence Lengbeyer - 2004 - In Michael Levine & Tamas Pataki (eds.), Racism in Mind: Philosophical Explanations of Racism and Its Implications. Cornell UP.
    If racism is a matter of possessing racist beliefs, then it would seem that its cure involves purging one’s mind of all racist beliefs. But the truth is more complicated, and does not permit such a straightforward strategy. Racist beliefs are resistant to subjective repudiation, and even those that are so repudiated are resistant to lasting expulsion from one’s belief system. Moreover, those that remain available for use in cognition can shape thought and behavior even in the event that one (...)
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  2.  40
    Defending Limited Non-Deference to Science Experts.Lawrence Lengbeyer - unknown
    Scientists and their supporters often portray as exasperatingly irrational all those laypersons who refuse to accede to practical recommendations issued by expert scientists and 'science appliers'. After first considering the latter groups’ standard explanations for such non-deference, which focus upon irrationalities besetting the laity, I will propose that a better explanation for at least some of the non-deference is that many laypersons are rationally electing to substitute their own judgments for those urged upon them by the scientific community. Science-based recommendations, (...)
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  3.  8
    Dismantling the Chinese Room with linguistic tools: a framework for elucidating concept-application disputes.Lawrence Lengbeyer - forthcoming - AI and Society:1-19.
    Imagine advanced computers that could, by virtue merely of being programmed in the right ways, act, react, communicate, and otherwise behave like humans. Might such computers be capable of understanding, thinking, believing, and the like? The framework developed in this paper for tackling challenging questions of concept application answers in the affirmative, contrary to Searle’s famous ‘Chinese Room’ thought experiment, which purports to prove that ascribing such mental processes to computers like these would be necessarily incorrect. The paper begins by (...)
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  4.  3
    Correction To: Dismantling the Chinese Room with Linguistic Tools: A Framework for Elucidating Concept-Application Disputes.Lawrence Lengbeyer - forthcoming - AI and Society.
  5. ‘Don't Think, But Look!’: Wittgenstein (& James) on Method.Lawrence Lengbeyer - 1997 - In Paul Weingartner, Gerhard Schurz & Georg Dorn (eds.), The Role of Pragmatics in Contemporary Philosophy, vol. 1. The Austrian Ludwig Wittgenstein Society.
  6. Rhetoric and Anti-Semitism.Lawrence Lengbeyer - 2004 - Academic Questions 17 (2):22-32.
    Given that charges of anti-Semitism, racism, and the like continue to be potent weapons of moral and intellectual critique in our culture, it is important that we work toward a clear understanding about just what sorts of conduct and circumstances constitute these moral offenses. In particular, can criticism of a state (such as Israel), or other social or political institution or organization (such as the NAACP), ever amount to anti-Semitism, racism, or other bigotry against the people represented by or associated (...)
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  7.  20
    Critical Thinking in the Intelligence Community: The Promise of Argument Mapping.Lawrence A. Lengbeyer - 2014 - Inquiry: Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines 29 (2):14-34.
    It is unfortunate that so much turns on the practices of argument construction and critique in intelligence analysis, for example, because these practices are fraught with difficulty. However, the recently developed technique of argument mapping helps reasoners conduct these practices more thoroughly and insightfully, as can be shown in an extended illustration concerning Iraqi nuclear activities circa 2002. Argument mapping offers other benefits, as well. Its ultimate value, though, will depend on how its advantages compare to those of competitor reasoning (...)
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  8.  9
    Rhetoric Matters: Inviting Military Overreach with the Sheepdog Analogy.Lawrence Lengbeyer - 2021 - Journal of Military Ethics 20 (1):21-46.
    Military personnel encounter analogies meant to help them understand their role and tasks. One such depicts military “sheepdogs” protecting ordinary-citizen “sheep” from predator “wolves.” But simp...
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  9. Keeping Self-Deception in Perspective.Lawrence Lengbeyer - 1998 - In Jean-Pierre Dupuy (ed.), Self-Deception and Paradoxes of Rationality. CSLI Publications.
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  10.  70
    Selflessness & Cognition.Lawrence A. Lengbeyer - 2005 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 8 (4):411-435.
    What are the cognitive mechanisms that underlie selfless conduct, both ‘thinking’ and unthinking? We first consider deliberate selflessness, a manner of selecting acts in which, in evaluating options, one expressly chooses not to weigh the potential consequences for oneself (though this formulation is seen as needing some qualification). We then turn to unthinking behavior in general, and whether we are responsible for it, as the foundation for analyzing the unthinking variety of selflessness. Using illustrative cases (Grenade Gallantry, The Well-Meaning Miner, (...)
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  11.  18
    Communication Ethics: Patching a Hole in the Philosophy Curriculum.Lawrence Adam Lengbeyer - 2019 - Teaching Ethics 19 (2):207-231.
    This article’s objectives are two-fold: to argue for making a communication ethics course a staple of virtually every undergraduate philosophy program; and to assist in bringing this vision to fruition by offering, to the interested instructor, practical guidance on how such a course might be structured as a workshop so as to prompt students to do exciting independent philosophizing that capitalizes upon their vast funds of experience with everyday communication, and a reasonably rich set of specific topics, readings, and questions (...)
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  12.  98
    Ethical Pluralism: An Alternative to Objectivism and Relativism.Lawrence Adam Lengbeyer - 2004 - Teaching Ethics 5 (1):23-29.
  13.  35
    Altering Artworks: Creators’ Moral Rights Vs. The Public Good.Lawrence Lengbeyer - 2005 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 12 (2):53-61.
    The grounds for recognizing that artists possess a personal “moral right of integrity” that would entitle them to prevent others from modifying their works are weak. There is, however, an important public interest in protecting highly-valued entities, including at least some works of art, from permanently destructive transformations.
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  14.  91
    Humor, Context, and Divided Cognition.Lawrence Lengbeyer - 2005 - Social Theory and Practice 31 (3):309-36.
    Those who suggest that only a sexist (or racist, or anti-semite) can experience amusement at a sexist (or racist, or anti-semitic) joke have failed to grasp two underappreciated features of the psychology of humor: (1) that amusement is sensitive to what is conveyed to the audience by the contexts within which a joke is taken to be situated, and hence to pragmatic, and not merely semantic, factors; and (2) that, given the non-integrated nature of the ordinary human cognitive system, the (...)
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  15. The Problem with Highlighters.Lawrence Lengbeyer - 1990 - Academic Questions 3 (3):65-70.
  16.  37
    Situated Cognition: The Perspect Model.Lawrence Lengbeyer - 2007 - In David Spurrett, Don Ross, Harold Kincaid & Lynn Stephens (eds.), Distributed Cognition and the Will: Individual Volition and Social Context. MIT Press. pp. 227.
    The standard philosophical and folk-psychological accounts of cognition and action credit us with too much spontaneity in our activities and projects. We are taken to be fundamentally active rather than reactive, to project our needs and aims and deploy our full supporting arsenal of cognitive instruments upon an essentially passive environment. The corrected point of view presented here balances this image of active agency with an appreciation of how we are also continually responding to the world, that is, to the (...)
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  17. An Alternative to Moral Relativism.Lawrence Lengbeyer - 2010 - In Christina Hoff Sommers & Fred Sommers (eds.), Vice and Virtue in Everyday Life. Wadsworth.
  18. Belief (in Emotion).Lawrence Lengbeyer - 2009 - In David Sander & Klaus R. Scherer (eds.), Oxford Companion to Emotion & the Affective Sciences. Oxford University Press.
  19.  32
    Altering Artworks: Creators' Moral Rights Vs. The Public Good.Lawrence Lengbeyer - 2005 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 12 (2):53-61.
    The grounds for recognizing that artists possess a personal “moral right of integrity” that would entitle them to prevent others from modifying their works are weak. There is, however, an important (and legislation-worthy) public interest in protecting highly-valued entities, including at least some works of art, from permanently destructive transformations.
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  20.  22
    Evaluating Emotions: What Are the Prospects for a Stoic Revival?Lawrence Lengbeyer - 2006 - Journal of Military Ethics 5 (3):233-240.
  21.  10
    Humor, Context, and Divided Cognition.Lawrence Lengbeyer - 2005 - Social Theory and Practice 31 (3):309-336.
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  22.  10
    Evaluating Emotions: What Are the Prospects for a Stoic Revival? Nancy Sherman, Stoic Warriors: The Ancient Philosophy Behind the Military Mind (New York: Oxford University Press, 2005).Lawrence Lengbeyer - 2006 - Journal of Military Ethics 5 (3):233-240.
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