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Laura Perini [13]Laura Therese Perini [1]
  1. Explanation in two dimensions: Diagrams and biological explanation.Laura Perini - 2005 - Biology and Philosophy 20 (2-3):257-269.
    Molecular biologists and biochemists often use diagrams to present hypotheses. Analysis of diagrams shows that their content can be expressed with linguistic representations. Why do biologists use visual representations instead? One reason is simple comprehensibility: some diagrams present information which is readily understood from the diagram format, but which would not be comprehensible if the same information was expressed linguistically. But often diagrams are used even when concise, comprehensible linguistic alternatives are available. I explain this phenomenon by showing why diagrammatic (...)
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  2. The Truth in Pictures.Laura Perini - 2005 - Philosophy of Science 72 (1):262-285.
    Scientists typically use a variety of representations, including different kinds of figures, to present and defend hypotheses. In order to understand the justification of scientific hypotheses, it is essential to understand how visual representations contribute to scientific arguments. Since the logical understanding of arguments involves the truth or falsity of the representations involved, visual representations must have the capacity to bear truth in order to be genuine components of arguments. By drawing on Goodman's analysis of symbol systems, and on Tarski's (...)
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  3. Visual Representations and Confirmation.Laura Perini - 2005 - Philosophy of Science 72 (5):913-926.
    Publications in contemporary science journals often include figures like graphs, diagrams, photographs, and MRIs, which are presented as support for the hypothesis the author is defending. As a first step to explaining how figures contribute to confirmation, I present an account of visual representation and use examples to show how the visual format is involved in the support those figures provide the authors’ conclusions. I then show that attempts to explain what figures contribute to scientific arguments without analyzing them as (...)
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    Truth-bearers or truth-makers?Laura Perini - 2012 - Spontaneous Generations 6 (1):142-147.
    One way visual representations might function in scientific reasoning is to convey content that is true or false, analogous to making a claim. An alternative way that visual representations might function is as an object that may make statements true or false, but is not itself true or false, analogous to a scientific model. In this paper I evaluate the most recent and extended defense of this latter position and show that the case study involved does not in fact support (...)
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  5. Scientific representation and the semiotics of pictures.Laura Perini - 2009 - In P. D. Magnus & Jacob Busch (eds.), New Waves in Philosophy of Science. Palgrave-Macmillan.
     
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  6.  71
    Image Interpretation: Bridging the Gap from Mechanically Produced Image to Representation.Laura Perini - 2012 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 26 (2):153-170.
    There is currently a gap in our understanding of how figures produced by mechanical imaging techniques play evidential roles: several studies based on close examination of scientific practice show that imaging techniques do not yield data whose significance can simply be read off the image. If image-making technology is not a simple matter of nature re-presenting itself to us in a legible way, just how do the images produced provide support for scientific claims? In this article I will first show (...)
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  7.  25
    Anxious ultimatums: How anxiety disorders affect socioeconomic behaviour.Alessandro Grecucci, Cinzia Giorgetta, Paolo Brambilla, Sophia Zuanon, Laura Perini, Matteo Balestrieri, Nicolao Bonini & Alan G. Sanfey - 2013 - Cognition and Emotion 27 (2):230-244.
    Although the role of emotion in socioeconomic decision making is increasingly recognised, the impact of specific emotional disorders, such as anxiety disorders, on these decisions has been surprisingly neglected. Twenty anxious patients and twenty matched controls completed a commonly used socioeconomic task (the Ultimatum Game), in which they had to accept or reject monetary offers from other players. Anxious patients accepted significantly more unfair offers than controls. We discuss the implications of these findings in light of recent models of anxiety, (...)
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  8. Diagrams in Biology.Laura Perini - 2013 - The Knowledge Engineering Review 28 (3):273-286.
    Biologists depend on visual representations, and their use of diagrams has drawn the attention of philosophers, historians, and sociologists interested in understanding how these images are involved in biological reasoning. These studies, however, proceed from identification of diagrams on the basis of their spare visual appearance, and do not draw on a foundational theory of the nature of diagrams as representations. This approach has limited the extent to which we under- stand how these diagrams are involved in biological reasoning. In (...)
     
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  9.  69
    Sequence Matters: Genomic Research and the Gene Concept.Laura Perini - 2011 - Philosophy of Science 78 (5):752-762.
    Analysis of two key ways of characterizing genes—as causes of phenotypic effects and as genomic DNA sequences—has yielded widespread pessimism that they can be united in a coherent gene concept. This raises important questions about the epistemology of genomic research: If analysis of a genome sequence cannot yield information about genes defined both in terms of their products and their DNA sequence, then what could we learn from it? I investigate basic tools of genomic analysis, argue that they do not (...)
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  10. Form and Function: A Semiotic Analysis of Figures in Biology Textbooks.Laura Perini - 2012 - In Nancy Anderson & Michael R. Dietrich (eds.), The Educated Eye Visual Culture and Pedagogy in the Life Sciences. Upne. pp. 235-254.
     
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  11.  65
    Depiction, Detection, and the Epistemic Value of Photography.Laura Perini - 2012 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 70 (1):151-160.
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  12.  13
    Edward R. Tufte.Beautiful Evidence. 213 pp., illus., figs., index. Cheshire, Conn.: Graphics Press LLC, 2006. $52.Laura Perini - 2007 - Isis 98 (3):667-668.
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  13.  27
    Beautiful Evidence. [REVIEW]Laura Perini - 2007 - Isis 98:667-668.