Results for 'Laura M. Hiatt'

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  1.  1
    Validating and Refining Cognitive Process Models Using Probabilistic Graphical Models.Laura M. Hiatt, Connor Brooks & J. Gregory Trafton - forthcoming - Topics in Cognitive Science.
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  2.  11
    Familiarity, Priming, and Perception in Similarity Judgments.M. Hiatt Laura & J. Gregory Trafton - 2017 - Cognitive Science 41 (6):1450-1484.
    We present a novel way of accounting for similarity judgments. Our approach posits that similarity stems from three main sources—familiarity, priming, and inherent perceptual likeness. Here, we explore each of these constructs and demonstrate their individual and combined effectiveness in explaining similarity judgments. Using these three measures, our account of similarity explains ratings of simple, color-based perceptual stimuli that display asymmetry effects, as well as more complicated perceptual stimuli with structural properties; more traditional approaches to similarity solve one or the (...)
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  3.  16
    An Account of Interference in Associative Memory: Learning the Fan Effect.Robert Thomson, Anthony M. Harrison, J. Gregory Trafton & Laura M. Hiatt - 2017 - Topics in Cognitive Science 9 (1):69-82.
    Associative learning is an essential feature of human cognition, accounting for the influence of priming and interference effects on memory recall. Here, we extend our account of associative learning that learns asymmetric item-to-item associations over time via experience by including link maturation to balance associations between longer-term stability while still accounting for short-term variability. This account, combined with an existing account of activation strengthening and decay, predicts both human response times and error rates for the fan effect for both target (...)
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  4.  15
    Exploring Understanding of “Understanding”: The Paradigm Case of Biobank Consent Comprehension.Laura M. Beskow & Kevin P. Weinfurt - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (5):6-18.
    Data documenting poor understanding among research participants and real-time efforts to assess comprehension in large-scale studies are focusing new attention on informed consent comprehension. Within the context of biobanking consent, we previously convened a multidisciplinary panel to reach consensus about what information must be understood for a prospective participant’s consent to be considered valid. Subsequently, we presented them with data from another study showing that many U.S. adults would fail to comprehend the information the panel had deemed essential. When asked (...)
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  5.  18
    [Book Review] Children of Choice, Freedom and the New Reproductive Technologies. [REVIEW]Laura M. Purdy - 1996 - Criminal Justice Ethics 15 (1):67-74.
  6.  60
    Children of Choice: Freedom and the New Reproductive Technologies.Laura M. Purdy - 1996 - Ethics 106 (2):474-476.
  7.  24
    Disability, Epistemic Harms, and the Quality-Adjusted Life Year.Laura M. Cupples - 2020 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 13 (1):46-62.
    Health policymakers employ utility measures to inform resource allocation decisions. They often rely on a conceptual tool called the quality-adjusted life year that discounts the value of years lived in a state of disability relative to years lived in full health. A representative sample of the general public is asked to place values on hypothetical health states as part of a standard gamble or time trade-off task. Policymakers use the resulting values to calculate the number of QALYs gained through particular (...)
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  8.  18
    The Good, the Wild, and the Native: An Ethical Evaluation of Ecological Restoration, Native Landscaping, and the 'Wild Ones' of Wisconsin.Laura M. Hartman & Kathleen M. Wooley - 2020 - Environmental Values 29 (5):579-603.
    Ecological restoration and native landscaping are increasing, particularly in the American Midwest, where they form part of the area's history and culture of conservation. But practitioners rarely pause to ask philosophical questions related to categories of native and invasive or human control and harmony with nature. This article brings philosophy into conversation with practice, using members of Wild Ones Native Landscaping, a non-profit headquartered in Neenah, WI, as a case study. Philosophers and ethicists who are studying Ecological Restoration and Native (...)
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  9.  5
    Expert Perspectives on Oversight for Unregulated mHealth Research: Empirical Data and Commentary.Laura M. Beskow, Catherine M. Hammack-Aviran, Kathleen M. Brelsford & P. Pearl O'Rourke - 2020 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 48 (S1):138-146.
    In qualitative interviews with a diverse group of experts, the vast majority believed unregulated researchers should seek out independent oversight. Reasons included the need for objectivity, protecting app users from research risks, and consistency in standards for the ethical conduct of research. Concerns included burdening minimal risk research and limitations in current systems of oversight. Literature and analysis supports the use of IRBs even when not required by regulations, and the need for evidence-based improvements in IRB processes.
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  10. Genetics and Reproductive Risk : Can Having Children Be Immoral?Laura M. Purdy - 2010 - In Craig Hanks (ed.), Technology and Values: Essential Readings. Wiley-Blackwell.
  11. Are Pregnant Women Fetal Containers?Laura M. Purdy - 1990 - Bioethics 4 (4):273–291.
  12.  11
    Graded Semantic and Phonological Similarity Effects in Priming: Evidence for a Distributed Connectionist Approach to Morphology.Laura M. Gonnerman, Mark S. Seidenberg & Elaine S. Andersen - 2007 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 136 (2):323-345.
  13.  7
    Knowing with the Disability Community: Building a Disability Standpoint for Health Policy Research.Laura M. Cupples - 2021 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 14 (2):36-60.
    For the last eighteen months, I have worked with a group of disability and health policy researchers. I began this interview-based project trying to learn how these researchers’ disability identities shaped their work. How did their disability standpoint contribute to the liberatory nature of their research? I found that the disability standpoint of these researchers was in fact hard-won and grew not just out of their own disability experiences but out of their connections with the larger disability community. These connections, (...)
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  14. Surrogate Mothering:Exploitation or Empowerment?Laura M. Purdy - 1989 - Bioethics 3 (1):18–34.
  15.  13
    Climate Engineering and the Playing God Critique.Laura M. Hartman - 2017 - Ethics and International Affairs 31 (3):313-333.
    Climate engineering is subject to the “playing God” critique, which charges that humans should not undertake to control nature in ways that seem to overstep the proper scope of human agency. This argument is easily discredited, and in fact the opposite—that we should “play God”—may be equally valid in some circumstances. To revive the playing God critique, I argue that it functions not on a logical but on a symbolic and emotional level to highlight nostalgia for functional dualisms in the (...)
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  16.  19
    The “Reasonable Person” Standard for Research Informed Consent.Laura M. Odwazny & Benjamin E. Berkman - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (7):49-51.
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  17.  18
    Questioning the Automaticity of Audiovisual Correspondences.Laura M. Getz & Michael Kubovy - 2018 - Cognition 175:101-108.
    An audiovisual correspondence (AVC) refers to an observer’s seemingly arbitrary yet consistent matching of sensory features across the two modalities; for example, between an auditory pitch and visual size. Research on AVCs has frequently used a speeded classification procedure in which participants are asked to rapidly classify an image when it is either accompanied by a congruent or an incongruent sound (or vice versa). When, as is typically the case, classification is faster in the presence of a congruent stimulus, researchers (...)
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  18.  1
    Elucidating the Influences of Embodiment and Conceptual Metaphor on Lexical and Non-Speech Tone Learning.Laura M. Morett, Jacob B. Feiler & Laura M. Getz - 2022 - Cognition 222:105014.
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  19.  5
    Consent for Acute Care Research and the Regulatory “Gray Zone”.Laura M. Beskow, Christopher J. Lindsell & Todd W. Rice - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (5):26-28.
    Volume 20, Issue 5, June 2020, Page 26-28.
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  20.  15
    Measure Development and the Hermeneutic Task.Laura M. Cupples - 2019 - Synthese 198 (3):2375-2390.
    I examine the dynamics of measure development using two case studies: temperature, and health-related quality of life. I argue, following Bas van Fraassen and Leah McClimans that in each case these dynamics have a hermeneutic structure. Measure development is plagued by epistemic circularity, as is the task of interpreting a text, and similar strategies can be used in both measure development and hermeneutics to overcome that circularity. I show that Hans Georg Gadamer’s philosophical hermeneutics in particular are an effective lens (...)
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  21.  15
    Are Pregnant Women Fetal Containers?Laura M. Purdy - 1990 - Bioethics 4 (4):273-291.
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  22.  11
    The Christian Consumer: Living Faithfully in a Fragile World.Laura M. Hartman - 2011 - Oup Usa.
    Consumption--the flow of physical materials in human lives--is an important ethical issue. Be it fair trade coffee or foreign oil, North Americans' consumption choices affect the well-being of humans around the globe, in addition to impacting the natural world and consumers themselves. In this book, Laura Hartman seeks to formulate a coherent Christian ethic of consumption.
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  23.  13
    Points to Consider: The Research Ethics Consultation Service and the IRB.Laura M. Beskow, Christine Grady, Ana S. Iltis, John Z. Sadler & Benjamin S. Wilfond - 2009 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 31 (6):1.
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  24.  32
    What Feminism Can Do for Bioethics.Laura M. Purdy - 2001 - Health Care Analysis 9 (2):117-132.
    Feminist criticism of health care and ofbioethics has become increasingly rich andsophisticated in the last years of thetwentieth century. Nonetheless, this body ofwork remains quite marginalized. I believe thatthere are (at least) two reasons for this.First, many people are still confused aboutfeminism. Second, many people are unconvincedthat significant sexism still exists and aretherefore unreceptive to arguments that itshould be remedied if there is no largerbenefit. In this essay I argue for a thin,``core'' conception of feminism that is easy tounderstand and (...)
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  25.  4
    Gender and the Meaning and Experience of Virginity Loss in the Contemporary United States.Laura M. Carpenter - 2002 - Gender and Society 16 (3):345-365.
    This article draws on in-depth case studies of 61 women and men of diverse sexual identities to show how gender, while apparently diminishing in significance, continues to shape interpretations and experiences of virginity loss in complex ways. Although women and men tended to assign different meanings to virginity, those who shared an interpretation reported similar virginity-loss encounters. Each interpretation of virginity—as a gift, stigma, or process—featured unequal roles for virgin and partner, which interacted with gender differences in power to produce (...)
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  26.  9
    Return of Genetic Research Results to Participants and Families: IRB Perspectives and Roles.Laura M. Beskow & P. Pearl O'Rourke - 2015 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 43 (3):502-513.
    We surveyed IRB chairs' perspectives on offering individual genetic research results to participants and families, including family members of deceased participants, and the IRB's role in addressing these issues. Given a particular hypothetical scenario, respondents favored offering results to participants but not family members, giving choices at the time of initial consent, and honoring elicited choices. They felt IRBs should have authority regarding the process issues, but a more limited role in medical and scientific issues.
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  27.  38
    In Defense of Hiring Apparently Less Qualified Women.Laura M. Purdy - 1984 - Journal of Social Philosophy 15 (2):26-33.
  28.  20
    Eye Contact with Neutral and Smiling Faces: Effects on Autonomic Responses and Frontal EEG Asymmetry.Laura M. Pönkänen & Jari K. Hietanen - 2012 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.
  29.  16
    Patients' Choices for Return of Exome Sequencing Results to Relatives in the Event of Their Death.Laura M. Amendola, Martha Horike-Pyne, Susan B. Trinidad, Stephanie M. Fullerton, Barbara J. Evans, Wylie Burke & Gail P. Jarvik - 2015 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 43 (3):476-485.
    The informed consent process for genetic testing does not commonly address preferences regarding disclosure of results in the event of the patient's death. Adults being tested for familial colorectal cancer were asked whether they want their exome sequencing results disclosed to another person in the event of their death prior to receiving the results. Of 78 participants, 92% designated an individual and 8% declined to. Further research will help refine practices for informed consent.
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  30.  24
    Environmental Modesty.Laura M. Hartman - 2015 - Journal of Religious Ethics 43 (3):475-492.
    Despite this virtue's history as an instrument of women's oppression, modesty, at its most basic, means voluntary restraint of one's power, undertaken for the sake of others. It is a mechanism that modifies unequal power relationships and encourages greater compassion and fairness. I use a Christian perspective with influences from Jewish and Muslim sources to examine modesty. The modest person, I argue, must be in relationship with others, must be honestly aware of her impacts on others, must be sensitive to (...)
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  31.  13
    An Exploration of Empowerment Discourse Within Home-Care Nurses’ Accounts of Practice.Laura M. Funk, Kelli I. Stajduhar & Mary Ellen Purkis - 2011 - Nursing Inquiry 18 (1):66-76.
  32.  23
    Attentional Control Mediates the Relationship Between Social Anhedonia and Social Impairment.Laura M. Tully, Sarah Hope Lincoln & Christine I. Hooker - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  33. Disentangling Defining and Demonstrating: Notes on An. Post. II 3-7.Laura M. Castelli - 2019 - Manuscrito 42 (4):243-281.
    : In APo II 3-7 Aristotle discusses a series of difficulties concerning definition, deduction, and demonstration. In this paper I focus on two interrelated but distinct questions: firstly, what are exactly the difficulties emerging from or alluded to in the discussion in II 3-7; secondly, whether and in what sense the discussion in II 3-7 can be considered an aporetic discussion with a specific role to play in the development of the argument in APo II.
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  34.  6
    Covid-19 and Mental Health: Could Visual Art Exposure Help?Laura M. H. Gallo, Vincent Giampietro, Patricia A. Zunszain & Kai Syng Tan - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    A worldwidemental health crisis is expected, as millions worldwide fear death and disease while being forced into repeated isolation. Thus, there is a need for new proactive approaches to improve mental resilience and prevent mental health conditions. Since the 1990s, art has emerged as an alternative mental health therapy in the United States and Europe, becoming part of the social care agenda. This article focuses on how visual esthetic experiences can create similar patterns of neuronal activity as those observed when (...)
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  35.  25
    " Look for the Color Red": Recovering Janet Campbell Hale's The Jailing of Cecelia Capture.Laura M. Furlan - 2010 - Intertexts 14 (2):123-141.
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  36.  31
    Research Participants’ Understanding of and Reactions to Certificates of Confidentiality.Laura M. Beskow, Devon K. Check & Natalie Ammarell - 2014 - Ajob Empirical Bioethics 5 (1):12-22.
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  37.  7
    Applying the Concept of Structural Empowerment to Interactions Between Families and Home‐Care Nurses.Laura M. Funk, Kelli I. Stajduhar, Melissa Giesbrecht, Denise Cloutier, Allison Williams & Faye Wolse - 2020 - Nursing Inquiry 27 (1).
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  38.  7
    Considering the Nature of Individual Research Results.Laura M. Beskow - 2006 - American Journal of Bioethics 6 (6):38 – 40.
  39.  27
    Informed Consent in Translational Genomics: Insufficient Without Trustworthy Governance.Wylie Burke, Laura M. Beskow, Susan Brown Trinidad, Stephanie M. Fullerton & Kathleen Brelsford - 2018 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 46 (1):79-86.
    Neither the range of potential results from genomic research that might be returned to participants nor future uses of stored data and biospecimens can be fully predicted at the outset of a study. Informed consent procedures require clear explanations about how and by whom decisions are made and what principles and criteria apply. To ensure trustworthy research governance, there is also a need for empirical studies incorporating public input to evaluate and strengthen these processes.
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  40. A Call to Heal Ethics.Laura M. Purdy - 1992 - In Helen B. Holmes & Laura Purdy (eds.), Feminist Perspectives in Medical Ethics. Indiana University Press. pp. 8--13.
  41. Good Bioethics Must Be Feminist Bioethics.Laura M. Purdy - 1996 - In Wayne L. Sumner & Joseph Boyle (eds.), Philosophical Perspectives on Bioethics. University of Toronto Press. pp. 143-162.
     
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  42.  42
    Why Do We Need Affirmative Action?Laura M. Purdy - 1994 - Journal of Social Philosophy 25 (1):133-143.
  43.  40
    Metaphysics delta. R. bodéüs, A. Stevens aristote: Métaphysique, livre delta. Pp. 235. Paris: Librairie philosophique J. vrin, 2014. Paper, €18. Isbn: 978-2-7116-2496-6. [REVIEW]Laura M. Castelli - 2016 - The Classical Review 66 (1):64-66.
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  44. Aristotle's Metaphysics: Form, Matter and Identity.Laura M. Castelli - 2010 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 18 (5):941-943.
  45.  56
    Historical Records and Homeland Security: The Declassification and Retraction of Government Documents on Human Radiation Experiments.Laura M. Calkins - 2008 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 1 (2):165-173.
    Following press disclosures in 1993 that U.S. government agencies had been using human subjects in tests and trials involving radioactive isotopes since the mid-1940s, a major national initiative to locate and declassify records concerning these tests was initiated. The U.S. Department of Energy, which led the declassification effort, pledged that a new “culture of openness” would attend the management of classified documents in the future. Following the attacks on the United States in September 2001, this momentum was reversed. Declassification initiatives (...)
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  46. An Emerging Research Framework for Studying Informal Learning and Schools.Laura M. W. Martin - 2004 - Science Education 88 (S1):S71 - S82.
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  47.  31
    Explaining Derivational Morphology as the Convergence of Codes.Mark S. Seidenberg & Laura M. Gonnerman - 2000 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 4 (9):353-361.
  48.  4
    Parents’ Growth Mindsets and Home-Learning Activities: A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Danish and US Parents.Laura M. Justice, Kelly M. Purtell, Dorthe Bleses & Sugene Cho - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  49. Concepts Describing and Assessing Individuals’ Environmental Sustainability: An Integrative Review and Taxonomy.Laura M. Wallnoefer & Petra Riefler - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    GraphicalThe need to encourage individuals as active change agents for sustainability transitions has led researchers across disciplines to conceptualize over 70 constructs to assess relevant dispositions to environmental protection and green consumption behaviors. The generated knowledge is, however, fragmented by an unconsolidated set of constructs developed within parallel literature streams. We, hence, use an integrative review method to capture conceptual and operational similarities and distinctiveness of constructs across disciplines in the literature, attempting to unify the knowledge base. Thereby, we identify (...)
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  50.  6
    Contrast Is in the Eye of the Beholder: Infelicitous Beat Gesture Increases Cognitive Load During Online Spoken Discourse Comprehension.Laura M. Morett, Jennifer M. Roche, Scott H. Fraundorf & James C. McPartland - 2020 - Cognitive Science 44 (10).
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