Results for 'Laura M. Barge'

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  1. A Strategy for Origins of Life Research. [REVIEW]Caleb Scharf, Nathaniel Virgo, H. James Cleaves Ii, Masashi Aono, Nathanael Aubert-Kato, Arsev Aydinoglu, Ana Barahona, Laura M. Barge, Steven A. Benner, Martin Biehl, Ramon Brasser, Christopher J. Butch, Kuhan Chandru, Leroy Cronin, Sebastian Danielache, Jakob Fischer, John Hernlund, Piet Hut, Takashi Ikegami, Jun Kimura, Kensei Kobayashi, Carlos Mariscal, Shawn McGlynn, Bryce Menard, Norman Packard, Robert Pascal, Juli Pereto, Sudha Rajamani, Lana Sinapayen, Eric Smith, Christopher Switzer, Ken Takai, Feng Tian, Yuichiro Ueno, Mary Voytek, Olaf Witkowski & Hikaru Yabuta - 2015 - Astrobiology 15:1031-1042.
    Aworkshop was held August 26–28, 2015, by the Earth- Life Science Institute (ELSI) Origins Network (EON, see Appendix I) at the Tokyo Institute of Technology. This meeting gathered a diverse group of around 40 scholars researching the origins of life (OoL) from various perspectives with the intent to find common ground, identify key questions and investigations for progress, and guide EON by suggesting a roadmap of activities. Specific challenges that the attendees were encouraged to address included the following: What key (...)
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  2.  15
    Exploring Understanding of “Understanding”: The Paradigm Case of Biobank Consent Comprehension.Laura M. Beskow & Kevin P. Weinfurt - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (5):6-18.
    Data documenting poor understanding among research participants and real-time efforts to assess comprehension in large-scale studies are focusing new attention on informed consent comprehension. Within the context of biobanking consent, we previously convened a multidisciplinary panel to reach consensus about what information must be understood for a prospective participant’s consent to be considered valid. Subsequently, we presented them with data from another study showing that many U.S. adults would fail to comprehend the information the panel had deemed essential. When asked (...)
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  3.  18
    [Book Review] Children of Choice, Freedom and the New Reproductive Technologies. [REVIEW]Laura M. Purdy - 1996 - Criminal Justice Ethics 15 (1):67-74.
  4.  1
    Validating and Refining Cognitive Process Models Using Probabilistic Graphical Models.Laura M. Hiatt, Connor Brooks & J. Gregory Trafton - forthcoming - Topics in Cognitive Science.
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  5.  60
    Children of Choice: Freedom and the New Reproductive Technologies.Laura M. Purdy - 1996 - Ethics 106 (2):474-476.
  6.  24
    Disability, Epistemic Harms, and the Quality-Adjusted Life Year.Laura M. Cupples - 2020 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 13 (1):46-62.
    Health policymakers employ utility measures to inform resource allocation decisions. They often rely on a conceptual tool called the quality-adjusted life year that discounts the value of years lived in a state of disability relative to years lived in full health. A representative sample of the general public is asked to place values on hypothetical health states as part of a standard gamble or time trade-off task. Policymakers use the resulting values to calculate the number of QALYs gained through particular (...)
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  7.  21
    M. A. BARG, "Epohi I Idei: Stanovlenie Istorisma" [Epochs and Ideas: The Becoming of Historism].Michael A. Kissell & M. A. Barg - 1991 - History and Theory 30 (3):384.
  8.  5
    Expert Perspectives on Oversight for Unregulated mHealth Research: Empirical Data and Commentary.Laura M. Beskow, Catherine M. Hammack-Aviran, Kathleen M. Brelsford & P. Pearl O'Rourke - 2020 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 48 (S1):138-146.
    In qualitative interviews with a diverse group of experts, the vast majority believed unregulated researchers should seek out independent oversight. Reasons included the need for objectivity, protecting app users from research risks, and consistency in standards for the ethical conduct of research. Concerns included burdening minimal risk research and limitations in current systems of oversight. Literature and analysis supports the use of IRBs even when not required by regulations, and the need for evidence-based improvements in IRB processes.
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  9.  18
    The Good, the Wild, and the Native: An Ethical Evaluation of Ecological Restoration, Native Landscaping, and the 'Wild Ones' of Wisconsin.Laura M. Hartman & Kathleen M. Wooley - 2020 - Environmental Values 29 (5):579-603.
    Ecological restoration and native landscaping are increasing, particularly in the American Midwest, where they form part of the area's history and culture of conservation. But practitioners rarely pause to ask philosophical questions related to categories of native and invasive or human control and harmony with nature. This article brings philosophy into conversation with practice, using members of Wild Ones Native Landscaping, a non-profit headquartered in Neenah, WI, as a case study. Philosophers and ethicists who are studying Ecological Restoration and Native (...)
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  10. Genetics and Reproductive Risk : Can Having Children Be Immoral?Laura M. Purdy - 2010 - In Craig Hanks (ed.), Technology and Values: Essential Readings. Wiley-Blackwell.
  11. Are Pregnant Women Fetal Containers?Laura M. Purdy - 1990 - Bioethics 4 (4):273–291.
  12.  7
    Knowing with the Disability Community: Building a Disability Standpoint for Health Policy Research.Laura M. Cupples - 2021 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 14 (2):36-60.
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  13. Surrogate Mothering:Exploitation or Empowerment?Laura M. Purdy - 1989 - Bioethics 3 (1):18–34.
  14.  1
    Elucidating the Influences of Embodiment and Conceptual Metaphor on Lexical and Non-Speech Tone Learning.Laura M. Morett, Jacob B. Feiler & Laura M. Getz - 2022 - Cognition 222:105014.
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  15.  11
    Graded Semantic and Phonological Similarity Effects in Priming: Evidence for a Distributed Connectionist Approach to Morphology.Laura M. Gonnerman, Mark S. Seidenberg & Elaine S. Andersen - 2007 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 136 (2):323-345.
  16.  12
    Climate Engineering and the Playing God Critique.Laura M. Hartman - 2017 - Ethics and International Affairs 31 (3):313-333.
    Climate engineering is subject to the “playing God” critique, which charges that humans should not undertake to control nature in ways that seem to overstep the proper scope of human agency. This argument is easily discredited, and in fact the opposite—that we should “play God”—may be equally valid in some circumstances. To revive the playing God critique, I argue that it functions not on a logical but on a symbolic and emotional level to highlight nostalgia for functional dualisms in the (...)
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  17.  19
    The “Reasonable Person” Standard for Research Informed Consent.Laura M. Odwazny & Benjamin E. Berkman - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (7):49-51.
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  18.  5
    Consent for Acute Care Research and the Regulatory “Gray Zone”.Laura M. Beskow, Christopher J. Lindsell & Todd W. Rice - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (5):26-28.
    Volume 20, Issue 5, June 2020, Page 26-28.
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  19.  15
    Measure Development and the Hermeneutic Task.Laura M. Cupples - 2019 - Synthese 198 (3):2375-2390.
    I examine the dynamics of measure development using two case studies: temperature, and health-related quality of life. I argue, following Bas van Fraassen and Leah McClimans that in each case these dynamics have a hermeneutic structure. Measure development is plagued by epistemic circularity, as is the task of interpreting a text, and similar strategies can be used in both measure development and hermeneutics to overcome that circularity. I show that Hans Georg Gadamer’s philosophical hermeneutics in particular are an effective lens (...)
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  20.  14
    Are Pregnant Women Fetal Containers?Laura M. Purdy - 1990 - Bioethics 4 (4):273-291.
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  21.  11
    The Christian Consumer: Living Faithfully in a Fragile World.Laura M. Hartman - 2011 - Oup Usa.
    Consumption--the flow of physical materials in human lives--is an important ethical issue. Be it fair trade coffee or foreign oil, North Americans' consumption choices affect the well-being of humans around the globe, in addition to impacting the natural world and consumers themselves. In this book, Laura Hartman seeks to formulate a coherent Christian ethic of consumption.
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  22.  13
    Points to Consider: The Research Ethics Consultation Service and the IRB.Laura M. Beskow, Christine Grady, Ana S. Iltis, John Z. Sadler & Benjamin S. Wilfond - 2009 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 31 (6):1.
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  23.  32
    What Feminism Can Do for Bioethics.Laura M. Purdy - 2001 - Health Care Analysis 9 (2):117-132.
    Feminist criticism of health care and ofbioethics has become increasingly rich andsophisticated in the last years of thetwentieth century. Nonetheless, this body ofwork remains quite marginalized. I believe thatthere are (at least) two reasons for this.First, many people are still confused aboutfeminism. Second, many people are unconvincedthat significant sexism still exists and aretherefore unreceptive to arguments that itshould be remedied if there is no largerbenefit. In this essay I argue for a thin,``core'' conception of feminism that is easy tounderstand and (...)
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  24.  16
    Patients' Choices for Return of Exome Sequencing Results to Relatives in the Event of Their Death.Laura M. Amendola, Martha Horike-Pyne, Susan B. Trinidad, Stephanie M. Fullerton, Barbara J. Evans, Wylie Burke & Gail P. Jarvik - 2015 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 43 (3):476-485.
    The informed consent process for genetic testing does not commonly address preferences regarding disclosure of results in the event of the patient's death. Adults being tested for familial colorectal cancer were asked whether they want their exome sequencing results disclosed to another person in the event of their death prior to receiving the results. Of 78 participants, 92% designated an individual and 8% declined to. Further research will help refine practices for informed consent.
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  25.  9
    Return of Genetic Research Results to Participants and Families: IRB Perspectives and Roles.Laura M. Beskow & P. Pearl O'Rourke - 2015 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 43 (3):502-513.
    We surveyed IRB chairs' perspectives on offering individual genetic research results to participants and families, including family members of deceased participants, and the IRB's role in addressing these issues. Given a particular hypothetical scenario, respondents favored offering results to participants but not family members, giving choices at the time of initial consent, and honoring elicited choices. They felt IRBs should have authority regarding the process issues, but a more limited role in medical and scientific issues.
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  26.  5
    Questioning the Automaticity of Audiovisual Correspondences.Laura M. Getz & Michael Kubovy - 2018 - Cognition 175:101-108.
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  27.  4
    Gender and the Meaning and Experience of Virginity Loss in the Contemporary United States.Laura M. Carpenter - 2002 - Gender and Society 16 (3):345-365.
    This article draws on in-depth case studies of 61 women and men of diverse sexual identities to show how gender, while apparently diminishing in significance, continues to shape interpretations and experiences of virginity loss in complex ways. Although women and men tended to assign different meanings to virginity, those who shared an interpretation reported similar virginity-loss encounters. Each interpretation of virginity—as a gift, stigma, or process—featured unequal roles for virgin and partner, which interacted with gender differences in power to produce (...)
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  28.  23
    Attentional Control Mediates the Relationship Between Social Anhedonia and Social Impairment.Laura M. Tully, Sarah Hope Lincoln & Christine I. Hooker - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  29.  38
    In Defense of Hiring Apparently Less Qualified Women.Laura M. Purdy - 1984 - Journal of Social Philosophy 15 (2):26-33.
  30.  20
    Eye Contact with Neutral and Smiling Faces: Effects on Autonomic Responses and Frontal EEG Asymmetry.Laura M. Pönkänen & Jari K. Hietanen - 2012 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.
  31.  27
    Informed Consent in Translational Genomics: Insufficient Without Trustworthy Governance.Wylie Burke, Laura M. Beskow, Susan Brown Trinidad, Stephanie M. Fullerton & Kathleen Brelsford - 2018 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 46 (1):79-86.
    Neither the range of potential results from genomic research that might be returned to participants nor future uses of stored data and biospecimens can be fully predicted at the outset of a study. Informed consent procedures require clear explanations about how and by whom decisions are made and what principles and criteria apply. To ensure trustworthy research governance, there is also a need for empirical studies incorporating public input to evaluate and strengthen these processes.
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  32.  24
    Environmental Modesty.Laura M. Hartman - 2015 - Journal of Religious Ethics 43 (3):475-492.
    Despite this virtue's history as an instrument of women's oppression, modesty, at its most basic, means voluntary restraint of one's power, undertaken for the sake of others. It is a mechanism that modifies unequal power relationships and encourages greater compassion and fairness. I use a Christian perspective with influences from Jewish and Muslim sources to examine modesty. The modest person, I argue, must be in relationship with others, must be honestly aware of her impacts on others, must be sensitive to (...)
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  33.  31
    Research Participants’ Understanding of and Reactions to Certificates of Confidentiality.Laura M. Beskow, Devon K. Check & Natalie Ammarell - 2014 - Ajob Empirical Bioethics 5 (1):12-22.
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  34.  7
    Considering the Nature of Individual Research Results.Laura M. Beskow - 2006 - American Journal of Bioethics 6 (6):38 – 40.
  35. Disentangling Defining and Demonstrating: Notes on An. Post. II 3-7.Laura M. Castelli - 2019 - Manuscrito 42 (4):243-281.
    : In APo II 3-7 Aristotle discusses a series of difficulties concerning definition, deduction, and demonstration. In this paper I focus on two interrelated but distinct questions: firstly, what are exactly the difficulties emerging from or alluded to in the discussion in II 3-7; secondly, whether and in what sense the discussion in II 3-7 can be considered an aporetic discussion with a specific role to play in the development of the argument in APo II.
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  36.  42
    Why Do We Need Affirmative Action?Laura M. Purdy - 1994 - Journal of Social Philosophy 25 (1):133-143.
  37.  6
    Contrast Is in the Eye of the Beholder: Infelicitous Beat Gesture Increases Cognitive Load During Online Spoken Discourse Comprehension.Laura M. Morett, Jennifer M. Roche, Scott H. Fraundorf & James C. McPartland - 2020 - Cognitive Science 44 (10).
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  38. A Call to Heal Ethics.Laura M. Purdy - 1992 - In Helen B. Holmes & Laura Purdy (eds.), Feminist Perspectives in Medical Ethics. Indiana University Press. pp. 8--13.
  39. Good Bioethics Must Be Feminist Bioethics.Laura M. Purdy - 1996 - In Wayne L. Sumner & Joseph Boyle (eds.), Philosophical Perspectives on Bioethics. University of Toronto Press. pp. 143-162.
     
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  40. An Emerging Research Framework for Studying Informal Learning and Schools.Laura M. W. Martin - 2004 - Science Education 88 (S1):S71 - S82.
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  41.  15
    IRB Chairs' Perspectives on Genotype-Driven Research Recruitment.Laura M. Beskow, Emily E. Namey, Patrick R. Miller, Daniel K. Nelson & Alexandra Cooper - 2012 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 34 (3):1.
    Recruiting research participants based on genetic information generated about them in a prior study is a potentially powerful way to study the functional significance of human genetic variation, but it also presents ethical challenges. To inform policy development on this issue, we conducted a survey of U.S. institutional review board chairs concerning the acceptability of recontacting genetic research participants about additional research and their views on the disclosure of individual genetic results as part of recruitment. Our findings suggest there is (...)
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  42.  13
    An Exploration of Empowerment Discourse Within Home-Care Nurses’ Accounts of Practice.Laura M. Funk, Kelli I. Stajduhar & Mary Ellen Purkis - 2011 - Nursing Inquiry 18 (1):66-76.
  43.  6
    Covid-19 and Mental Health: Could Visual Art Exposure Help?Laura M. H. Gallo, Vincent Giampietro, Patricia A. Zunszain & Kai Syng Tan - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    A worldwidemental health crisis is expected, as millions worldwide fear death and disease while being forced into repeated isolation. Thus, there is a need for new proactive approaches to improve mental resilience and prevent mental health conditions. Since the 1990s, art has emerged as an alternative mental health therapy in the United States and Europe, becoming part of the social care agenda. This article focuses on how visual esthetic experiences can create similar patterns of neuronal activity as those observed when (...)
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  44. Concepts Describing and Assessing Individuals’ Environmental Sustainability: An Integrative Review and Taxonomy.Laura M. Wallnoefer & Petra Riefler - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    GraphicalThe need to encourage individuals as active change agents for sustainability transitions has led researchers across disciplines to conceptualize over 70 constructs to assess relevant dispositions to environmental protection and green consumption behaviors. The generated knowledge is, however, fragmented by an unconsolidated set of constructs developed within parallel literature streams. We, hence, use an integrative review method to capture conceptual and operational similarities and distinctiveness of constructs across disciplines in the literature, attempting to unify the knowledge base. Thereby, we identify (...)
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  45.  10
    Laura M. Castelli, Aristotle. Metaphysics. Book Iota.Alessio Santoro - 2020 - Ancient Philosophy Today 2 (1):82-87.
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  46.  31
    Explaining Derivational Morphology as the Convergence of Codes.Mark S. Seidenberg & Laura M. Gonnerman - 2000 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 4 (9):353-361.
  47.  17
    Vicious Sorrow: The Roots of a ‘Spiritual’ Sin in the Summa Theologiae.Laura M. Lysen - 2017 - Studies in Christian Ethics 30 (3):329-347.
    The vice of acedia deserves—and rewards—a closer reading than is implied in the old rendering ‘sloth’, or even in contemporary readings of ‘spiritual sloth’. Such is at least true in Aquinas’s Summa Theologiae, the subject of the following close reading of this enigmatic vice. Investigating the question on acedia and its grounding in portions of I-II, I first establish acedia’s basis not in a sovereign spiritual ‘choice’ but in the sensitive appetite and the passion of sorrow. This turns the portrait (...)
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  48.  56
    Historical Records and Homeland Security: The Declassification and Retraction of Government Documents on Human Radiation Experiments.Laura M. Calkins - 2008 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 1 (2):165-173.
    Following press disclosures in 1993 that U.S. government agencies had been using human subjects in tests and trials involving radioactive isotopes since the mid-1940s, a major national initiative to locate and declassify records concerning these tests was initiated. The U.S. Department of Energy, which led the dedassification effort, pledged that a new "culture of openness" would attend the management of classified documents in the future. Following the attacks on the United States in September 2001, this momentum was reversed. Dedassification initiatives (...)
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  49.  25
    " Look for the Color Red": Recovering Janet Campbell Hale's The Jailing of Cecelia Capture.Laura M. Furlan - 2010 - Intertexts 14 (2):123-141.
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  50.  40
    Metaphysics delta. R. bodéüs, A. Stevens aristote: Métaphysique, livre delta. Pp. 235. Paris: Librairie philosophique J. vrin, 2014. Paper, €18. Isbn: 978-2-7116-2496-6. [REVIEW]Laura M. Castelli - 2016 - The Classical Review 66 (1):64-66.
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