Results for 'Landon T. Detwiler'

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  1. A strategy for improving and integrating biomedical ontologies.Cornelius Rosse, Anand Kumar, Jose L. V. Mejino, Daniel L. Cook, Landon T. Detwiler & Barry Smith - 2005 - In Proceedings of the Annual Symposium of the American Medical Informatics Association. AMIA. pp. 639-643.
    The integration of biomedical terminologies is indispensable to the process of information integration. When terminologies are linked merely through the alignment of their leaf terms, however, differences in context and ontological structure are ignored. Making use of the SNAP and SPAN ontologies, we show how three reference domain ontologies can be integrated at a higher level, through what we shall call the OBR framework (for: Ontology of Biomedical Reality). OBR is designed to facilitate inference across the boundaries of domain ontologies (...)
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  2. Proceedings of AMIA Symposium.Rosse Cornelius, Kumar Anand, Mejino Jose Leonardo, V. Cook, Dan Detwiler, T. Landon & Smith Barry - 2002 - .
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  3.  58
    What fools we were.Landon Schurtz - 2010 - The Philosophers' Magazine 49 (49):93-97.
    Don didn’t grasp what would eventually come to be one of the most successful ad campaigns ever because he didn’t recognise the person presenting the evidence as being appropriately trustworthy. He failed to know because Dr Guttman’s say-so was not enough to provide justification for a belief. But why would he think that? To get to the bottom of this, we need the help of an analytical approach known as standpoint theory.
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  4.  8
    What fools we were.Landon Schurtz - 2010 - The Philosophers' Magazine 49:93-97.
    Don didn’t grasp what would eventually come to be one of the most successful ad campaigns ever because he didn’t recognise the person presenting the evidence as being appropriately trustworthy. He failed to know because Dr Guttman’s say-so was not enough to provide justification for a belief. But why would he think that? To get to the bottom of this, we need the help of an analytical approach known as standpoint theory.
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  5.  79
    Health Research Ethics Committees in South Africa 12 years into democracy.Myer Landon & Moodley Keymanthri - 2007 - BMC Medical Ethics 8 (1):1-8.
    Background Despite the growth of biomedical research in South Africa, there are few insights into the operation of Research Ethics Committees (RECs) in this setting. We investigated the composition, operations and training needs of health RECs in South Africa against the backdrop of national and international guidelines. Methods The 12 major health RECs in South Africa were surveyed using semi-structured questionnaires that investigated the composition and functions of each REC as well as the operational issues facing committees. Results Health RECs (...)
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  6.  19
    Nietzsche and the politics of aristocratic radicalism.Bruce Detwiler - 1990 - Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  7.  8
    Cartesian Aseity in the Third Meditation.Landon McBrayer - 2018 - Journal of Analytic Theology 6:217-233.
    The notion that something can exist a se is central to Descartes’s overall metaphysics of causation. In the Meditations, divine aseity plays the role of explaining not only God’s existence but ultimately the existence of everything else apart from God. Yet in the Meditations proper, as well as in the early Replies, Descartes does little to clarify exactly what his view of divine aseity is and how it might differ from the sort of aseity commonly posited by the Scholastics. Despite (...)
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  8. Substance Abuse.Landon Frim & Harrison Fluss - 2018 - Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 23 (1):191-217.
    This paper will set out in plain language the basic ontology of “Deleuze’s Spinoza”; it will then critically examine whether such a Spinoza has, or indeed could have, ever truly existed. In this, it will be shown that Deleuze’s reading of Spinoza involves the imposition of three interlocking, formal principles. These are (1) Necessitarianism, (2) Immanence, and (3) Univocity. The uncovering of Deleuze’s use of these three principles, how they relate to one another, and what they jointly imply in terms (...)
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  9. Dangerous Reference Graphs and Semantic Paradoxes.Landon Rabern, Brian Rabern & Matthew Macauley - 2013 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 42 (5):727-765.
    The semantic paradoxes are often associated with self-reference or referential circularity. Yablo (Analysis 53(4):251–252, 1993), however, has shown that there are infinitary versions of the paradoxes that do not involve this form of circularity. It remains an open question what relations of reference between collections of sentences afford the structure necessary for paradoxicality. In this essay, we lay the groundwork for a general investigation into the nature of reference structures that support the semantic paradoxes and the semantic hypodoxes. We develop (...)
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  10. Let it rip : an analysis of philosophical canons and a partial argument for being a canon-shredder.Landon D. C. Elkind - 2023 - In Sandra Lapointe & Erich H. Reck (eds.), Historiography and the Formation of Philosophical Canons. New York, NY: Routledge.
     
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  11. Heartbreak at Hilbert's Hotel.Landon Hedrick - 2014 - Religious Studies 50 (1):27-46.
    William Lane Craig's defence of the kalam cosmological argument rests heavily on two philosophical arguments against a past-eternal universe. In this article I take issue with one of these arguments, what I call the – namely, that the metaphysical absurdity of an actually infinite number of things existing precludes the possibility of a beginningless past. After explaining this argument, I proceed to raise some initial doubts. After setting those aside, I show that the argument is ineffective against proponents of presentism. (...)
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  12. What Barfield thought: an introduction to the work of Owen Barfield.Landon Loftin - 2023 - Eugene, OR: Cascade Books, an imprint of Wipf and Stock Publishers. Edited by Max Leyf.
    As interest in Owen Barfield grows, we aim to meet the need for a scholarly introduction to his thought. Our primary purpose is to present an overview, analysis, and synthesis of Barfield's most salient ideas in a manner that will be of interest to neophytes and initiates alike. Barfield's work can, at time, be difficult to understand; C. S. Lewis put it well when he described Barfield's style of argument as 'dark, labyrinthine,' and 'pertinacious.' But Lewis ardently promoted Barfield's work (...)
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  13.  2
    Editors’ Introduction.Landon D. C. Elkind & Alexander Mugar Klein - 2024 - In Landon D. C. Elkind & Alexander Mugar Klein (eds.), Bertrand Russell, Feminism, and Women Philosophers in his Circle. London: Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 1-9.
    This chapter contextualizes the book and summarizes its subsequent chapters.
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  14.  1
    “I like her very much—she has very good brains.”: Dorothy Wrinch’s Influence on Bertrand Russell.Landon D. C. Elkind - 2024 - In Landon D. C. Elkind & Alexander Mugar Klein (eds.), Bertrand Russell, Feminism, and Women Philosophers in his Circle. London: Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 259-297.
    In this chapter I critically examine the hitherto neglected influence that Dorothy Wrinch had on her teacher, friend, and informal thesis adviser, Bertrand Russell, and the puzzling fact that Russell never cited Wrinch’s mathematical papers on Principia Mathematica. Wrinch never reshaped Russell’s general outlook; indeed, Wrinch adopted as her own many of Russell’s 1911–1919 views about logic, philosophy, science, and their relationships that are characteristic of logic-centered twentieth-century analytic philosophy. Still, the influence was not just in one direction, from teacher (...)
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  15.  10
    A History of Indian Philosophy. Volume III.Kenneth Perry Landon - 1941 - Philosophy 16 (64):420-422.
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  16. The Genealogy of ‘∨’.Landon D. C. Elkind & Richard Zach - 2023 - Review of Symbolic Logic 16 (3):862-899.
    The use of the symbol ∨for disjunction in formal logic is ubiquitous. Where did it come from? The paper details the evolution of the symbol ∨ in its historical and logical context. Some sources say that disjunction in its use as connecting propositions or formulas was introduced by Peano; others suggest that it originated as an abbreviation of the Latin word for “or,” vel. We show that the origin of the symbol ∨ for disjunction can be traced to Whitehead and (...)
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  17.  22
    Nietzschean Self-Creation and the Critique of Liberal Institutions.Bruce Detwiler - 1995 - International Studies in Philosophy 27 (3):43-53.
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  18.  10
    Off-label use of bevacizumab in the treatment of retinal disease: ethical implications.Landon James Rohowetz - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics 45 (10):668-672.
    Anti-vascular endothelial growth factor therapy has revolutionised the treatment of a variety of ophthalmic conditions and has become the first-line therapy for a range of retinal diseases. Bevacizumab, a VEGF inhibitor first approved for the treatment of colorectal cancer, has been shown to be nearly or virtually as effective and safe as other anti-VEGF therapies in the treatment of certain retinal diseases but is not approved or registered by the Food and Drug Administration or European Medicines Agency. While other anti-VEGF (...)
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  19.  8
    ""Attacking the Washington" Femmocracy": Antifeminism in the Cold War Campaign against" Communists in Government".Landon Ry Storrs - 2007 - Feminist Studies 33 (1):118-152.
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  20.  8
    A History of Indian Philosophy. [REVIEW]Kenneth Perry Landon - 1941 - Journal of Philosophy 38 (1):22-25.
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  21. On Jain Anekantavada and Pluralism in Philosophy of Mathematics.Landon D. C. Elkind - 2019 - International School for Jain Studies-Transactions 2 (3):13-20.
    I claim that a relatively new position in philosophy of mathematics, pluralism, overlaps in striking ways with the much older Jain doctrine of anekantavada and the associated doctrines of nyayavada and syadvada. I first outline the pluralist position, following this with a sketch of the Jain doctrine of anekantavada. I then note the srrong points of overlaps and the morals of this comparison of pluralism and anekantavada.
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  22.  10
    Bertrand Russell, Feminism, and Women Philosophers in his Circle.Landon D. C. Elkind & Alexander Mugar Klein (eds.) - 2024 - London: Palgrave Macmillan.
    This book examines Bertrand Russell’s complicated relationships to the women around him, and to feminism more generally. The essays in this volume offer scholarly reassessments of these relationships and their import for the history of feminism and of analytic philosophy. Russell is a founder of analytic philosophy. He has also been called a feminist due to his public, decades-long advocacy for women’s rights and equality of the sexes. But his private behavior towards wives and sexual partners, and his apparently dismissive (...)
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  23.  12
    The Behavioral Biology of Teams: Multidisciplinary Contributions to Social Dynamics in Isolated, Confined, and Extreme Environments.Lauren Blackwell Landon, Grace L. Douglas, Meghan E. Downs, Maya R. Greene, Alexandra M. Whitmire, Sara R. Zwart & Peter G. Roma - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  24.  9
    Ethical decision-making climate, moral distress, and intention to leave among ICU professionals in a tertiary academic hospital center.Michele Zimmer, Julie Landon, Samantha Dove, Kerri Bouchard, Eunsung Cho, Melissa Davis-Gilbert, Rachel Hausladen, Karen McQuillan, Ali Tabatabai, Trishna Mukherjee, Raya Kheirbek, Samuel Tisherman, Tracey Wilson & Henry Silverman - 2022 - BMC Medical Ethics 23 (1):1-15.
    BackgroundCommentators believe that the ethical decision-making climate is instrumental in enhancing interprofessional collaboration in intensive care units. Our aim was twofold: to determine the perception of the ethical climate, levels of moral distress, and intention to leave one's job among nurses and physicians, and between the different ICU types and determine the association between the ethical climate, moral distress, and intention to leave.MethodsWe performed a cross-sectional questionnaire study between May 2021 and August 2021 involving 206 nurses and physicians in a (...)
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  25.  55
    Humanism, Biocentrism, and the Problem of Justification.Landon Frim - 2017 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 20 (3):243-246.
    Curren and Metzger’s work makes a bold, normative claim: The moral goal of sustainability is human flourishing. Their eudaimonic theory has as its summum bonum ‘living well’ according to the fundam...
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  26.  15
    Batman in the Classroom: Academic Philosophy and “… and Philosophy”.Landon W. Schurtz - 2017 - Metaphilosophy 48 (3):296-303.
    Though the interaction of philosophy with pop culture has so far mostly taken the form of books for nonphilosophers that use various shows and movies as sources of examples to illustrate “traditional” philosophical issues, this article contends that serious engagement with the informal philosophical discussions expressed in popular entertainments constitutes a kind of “ethnophilosophy” and should be considered an important part of the discipline. Our disciplinary responsibility for maintaining and considering the history of philosophy ought to include even the philosophical (...)
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  27.  15
    The “Great Guide” of Human Life: Custom and Habit in Hume’s Science of Politics (12th edition).Angela M. Coventry & Landon Echeverio - 2023 - Cosmos + Taxis: Studies in Emergent Order and Organization 12:19-31.
    At the level of the individual, current research suggests that most of our daily actions are done out of habit. At the same time, individuals are part of larger social units, and their behavior gives rise to customs and institutions. Hume recognized the indispensable role of custom and habit in human life in his science of the mind, a science which aims to form the most general principles possible. Custom and habit are singled out by Hume as particularly potent general (...)
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  28.  42
    Should the State Teach Ethics? A Schematism.Landon Frim - 2022 - Symposion: Theoretical and Applied Inquiries in Philosophy and Social Sciences 9 (2):233-259.
    Should the state teach ethics? There is widespread disagreement on whether (and how) secular states should be in the business of promoting a particular moral viewpoint. This article attempts to schematize, and evaluate, these stances. It does so by posing three, simple questions: (1) Should the state explicitly promote certain ethical values over others? (2) Should the state have ultimate justifications for the values it promotes? (3) Should the state compel its citizens to accept these ultimate justifications? Logically, each question (...)
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  29. An Argument for Completely General Facts.Landon D. C. Elkind - 2021 - Journal for the History of Analytical Philosophy 9 (7).
    In his 1918 logical atomism lectures, Russell argued that there are no molecular facts. But he posed a problem for anyone wanting to avoid molecular facts: we need truth-makers for generalizations of molecular formulas, but such truth-makers seem to be both unavoidable and to have an abominably molecular character. Call this the problem of generalized molecular formulas. I clarify the problem here by distinguishing two kinds of generalized molecular formula: incompletely generalized molecular formulas and completely generalized molecular formulas. I next (...)
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  30.  36
    The Philosophy of Logical Atomism: A Centenary Reappraisal.Landon D. C. Elkind & Gregory Landini (eds.) - 2018 - New York, NY, USA: Palgrave Macmillan.
    This book offers a comprehensive critical survey of issues of historical interpretation and evaluation in Bertrand Russell's 1918 logical atomism lectures and logical atomism itself. These lectures record the culmination of Russell's thought in response to discussions with Wittgenstein on the nature of judgement and philosophy of logic and with Moore and other philosophical realists about epistemology and ontological atomism, and to Whitehead and Russell’s novel extension of revolutionary nineteenth-century work in mathematics and logic. Russell's logical atomism lectures have had (...)
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  31.  65
    Impartiality or Oikeiôsis?Landon Frim - 2019 - Symposion: Theoretical and Applied Inquiries in Philosophy and Social Sciences 6 (2):147-169.
    ‘Universal benevolence’ may be defined as the goal of promoting the welfare of every individual, however remote, to the best of one’s ability. Currently, the commonest model of universal benevolence is that of ‘impartiality,’ the notion promoted by Peter Singer, Roderick Firth, and others, that every individual (including oneself) is of equal intrinsic worth. This paper contends that the impartialist model is seriously flawed. Specifically, it is demonstrated that impartialist accounts of benevolence (1) attempt to draw positive moral conclusions from (...)
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  32.  10
    Beyond the formal and the psychological: The arts and social possibility.Landon E. Beyer - 1995 - In Wendy Kohli (ed.), Critical Conversations in Philosophy of Education. Routledge. pp. 258--277.
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  33.  9
    Training and Educating: A Critique of Technical-Mindedness in Teacher Education.Landon Beyer - 1988 - Education and Culture 8:3.
  34.  4
    The American High School Today: A First Report to American (Book).Landon E. Beyer - 1996 - Educational Studies: A Jrnl of the American Educ. Studies Assoc 27 (4):319-337.
  35.  8
    The American High School Today: A First Report to American.Landon E. Beyer - 1996 - Educational Studies 27 (4):319-337.
  36.  1
    The Outcomes from Engaging Liberal Education and Critical Inquiry: Matrimony, Divorce, or Kissing Cousins?Landon E. Beyer - 2002 - Philosophy of Education 58:69-72.
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  37.  59
    Nature or Atoms? Reframing the IR Curriculum through Ethical Worldviews.Landon Frim - 2017 - Teaching Ethics 17 (2):195-211.
    The international relations curriculum has long presented a dichotomy between the so-called “realist” and “idealist” positions. Idealists seek to embody universal norms of justice in foreign policy. Realists, by contrast, see competition between states, the balance of power, and relative advantage as basic to international politics. Though considered polar opposites, both the realist and idealist affirm the primacy of the nation state as a sovereign political unit, and so neither embraces cosmopolitanism in the strongest sense, i.e., the transcendence of national (...)
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  38.  14
    Back to Basics: Application of the Principles of Bioethics to Heritable Genome Interventions.Landon J. Getz & Graham Dellaire - 2020 - Science and Engineering Ethics 26 (5):2735-2748.
    Prior to their announcement of the birth of gene-edited twins in China, Dr. He Jiankui and colleagues published a set of draft ethical principles for discussing the legal, social, and ethical aspects of heritable genome interventions. Within this document, He and colleagues made it clear that their goal with these principles was to “clarify for the public the clinical future of early-in-life genetic surgeries” or heritable genome editing. In light of He’s widely criticized gene editing experiments it is of interest (...)
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  39.  16
    On the Education of Generalists.Landon Summers - 1994 - Inquiry: Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines 14 (1):65-75.
  40.  13
    On the Education of Generalists.Landon Summers - 1994 - Inquiry: Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines 14 (1):65-75.
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  41.  13
    Comments on Dadlez’s “Kitsch and Bullshit as Aesthetic and Epistemic Transgressions”.Landon W. Schurtz - 2018 - Southwest Philosophy Review 34 (2):5-8.
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  42. Hick's "When Is a Work of Art Finished?" and the Ontology of Metaworks.Landon Schurtz - 2013 - Philosophical Writings 42:20-33.
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  43.  18
    The Business of Complaining Ethically.Landon W. Schurtz - 2015 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 22 (2):35-44.
    Beginning from an analysis of what factors disqualify a person from complaining about a given moral breach, I show that the prima facie presumption that a complaint is justified in the face of non-moral offense in the context of a business transaction must be balanced against the potential consequences to the object of the complaint, especially given the particular realities of popular employment practices. In particular, I will identify three cases in which complamts are justified, presuming unjust employment arrangements, as (...)
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  44.  4
    The Gender Pray Gap: Wage Labor and the Religiosity of High-Earning Women and Men.Landon Schnabel - 2016 - Gender and Society 30 (4):643-669.
    Social scientists agree that women are generally more religious than men, but disagree about whether the differences are universal or contingent on social context. This study uses General Social Survey data to explore differences in religiosity between, as well as among, women and men by level of individual earned income. Extending previous research, I focus on high earners with other groups included for comparison. Predicted probabilities based upon fully interacted models provide four key findings: There are no significant gender differences (...)
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  45.  10
    The Value of Aesthetic Experience.Landon Schurtz - unknown
    In this dissertation, I argue that aesthetic experience is a kind of valuing experience that has certain, objective features not dependent on the psychological state of the subject. Accounts of aesthetic experience can generally be divided into two categories: internalist and externalist. The former pick out aesthetic experience as a being a certain kind of psychological state on the part of the subject, whereas the latter specify it based on features external to the experience itself, usually by reference to the (...)
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  46.  37
    Why Russell Was Not an Epistemic Structural Realist.Landon D. C. Elkind & Jeremy Shipley - 2020 - Russell: The Journal of Bertrand Russell Studies 40:5-26.
    Bertrand Russell’s work in philosophy of science has been identified as a progenitor of structuralism in contemporary philosophy. It is often unclear, however, how the philosophical problems facing contemporary structuralist programmes relate to the problems of philosophy as Russell saw them. We contend that Russell has been mistakenly identified as an epistemic structural realist. The goal of this essay is to clarify the relationship between Russell’s programme and contemporary structuralist projects. In doing so, we hope to display the motivation for (...)
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  47.  24
    Does calmodulin play a functional role in phototransduction?Mark P. Gray-Keller & Peter B. Detwiler - 1995 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 18 (3):475-476.
    Molday and Hsu review results from in vitro experiments, which indicate that Ca-bound calmodulin reduces the cGMP sensitivity of the cyclic nucleotide-gated channel of photoreceptor cells, and speculate about the role they might play in the recovery of the light response. We discuss results from in vivo experiments that argue against the participation of Ca-calmodulin in photorecovery.
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  48.  19
    A discussion of Overstreet's "the word becomes flesh".C. C. Landon - 1945 - Journal of Philosophy 42 (24):664-666.
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  49.  4
    A research proposal for a new commentary on John.Charles Landon - 2000 - HTS Theological Studies 56 (1).
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  50.  12
    Complexity as multidimensional perception: The effects of sensory deprivation on concept identification.P. Bruce Landon & Peter Suedfeld - 1977 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 10 (2):137-138.
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