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Lisa Schwartz [22]L. Schwartz [7]Lawrence M. Schwartz [4]Lisa J. Schwartz [3]
Louis-Georges Schwartz [2]Lawrence H. Schwartz [2]Lindsey Schwartz [2]Leon Schwartz [2]

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Lindsey Schwartz
University of Wisconsin, Madison
Lindsey Schwartz
University of Missouri, Kansas City
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  1.  47
    Research Ethics Governance in Times of Ebola.Doris Schopper, Raffaella Ravinetto, Lisa Schwartz, Eunice Kamaara, Sunita Sheel, Michael J. Segelid, Aasim Ahmad, Angus Dawson, Jerome Singh, Amar Jesani & Ross Upshur - 2017 - Public Health Ethics 10 (1).
    The Médecins Sans Frontières ethics review board has been solicited in an unprecedented way to provide advice and review research protocols in an ‘emergency’ mode during the recent Ebola epidemic. Twenty-seven Ebola-related study protocols were reviewed between March 2014 and August 2015, ranging from epidemiological research, to behavioural research, infectivity studies and clinical trials with investigational products at early development stages. This article examines the MSF ERB’s experience addressing issues related to both the process of review and substantive ethical issues (...)
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  2. Does Predictive Sentencing Make Sense?Clinton Castro, Alan Rubel & Lindsey Schwartz - forthcoming - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy.
    This paper examines the practice of using predictive systems to lengthen the prison sentences of convicted persons when the systems forecast a higher likelihood of re-offense or re-arrest. There has been much critical discussion of technologies used for sentencing, including questions of bias and opacity. However, there hasn’t been a discussion of whether this use of predictive systems makes sense in the first place. We argue that it does not by showing that there is no plausible theory of punishment that (...)
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  3.  33
    Women’s perspectives on the ethical implications of non-invasive prenatal testing: a qualitative analysis to inform health policy decisions.Meredith Vanstone, Alexandra Cernat, Jeff Nisker & Lisa Schwartz - 2018 - BMC Medical Ethics 19 (1):27.
    Non-Invasive Prenatal Testing is a technology which provides information about fetal genetic characteristics very early in pregnancy by examining fetal DNA obtained from a sample of maternal blood. NIPT is a morally complex technology that has advanced quickly to market with a strong push from industry developers, leaving many areas of uncertainty still to be resolved, and creating a strong need for health policy that reflects women’s social and ethical values. We approach the need for ethical policy-making by studying the (...)
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  4.  20
    WHO guidance on ethics in outbreaks and the COVID-19 pandemic: a critical appraisal.Abha Saxena, Paul André Bouvier, Ehsan Shamsi-Gooshki, Johannes Köhler & Lisa J. Schwartz - 2021 - Journal of Medical Ethics 47 (6):367-373.
    In 2016, following pandemic influenza threats and the 2014–2016 Ebola virus disease outbreaks, the WHO developed a guidance document for managing ethical issues in infectious disease outbreaks. In this article, we analyse some ethical issues that have had a predominant role in decision making in response to the current COVID-19 pandemic but were absent or not addressed in the same ways in the 2016 guidance document. A pandemic results in a health crisis and social and political crises both nationally and (...)
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  5.  16
    Reflections of methodological and ethical challenges in conducting research during COVID-19 involving resettled refugee youth in Canada.Zoha Salam, Elysee Nouvet & Lisa Schwartz - 2022 - Journal of Medical Ethics 48 (10):769-773.
    Research involving migrant youth involves navigating and negotiating complex challenges in order to uphold their rights and dignity, but also all while maintaining scientific rigour. COVID-19 has changed the global landscape within many domains and has increasingly highlighted inequities that exist. With restrictions focusing on maintaining physical distancing set in place to curb the spread of the virus, conducting in-person research becomes complicated. This article reflects on the ethical and methodological challenges encountered when conducting qualitative research during the pandemic with (...)
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  6.  19
    Steps toward improving ethical evaluation in health technology assessment: a proposed framework.Nazila Assasi, Jean-Eric Tarride, Daria O’Reilly & Lisa Schwartz - 2016 - BMC Medical Ethics 17 (1):34.
    BackgroundWhile evaluation of ethical aspects in health technology assessment has gained much attention during the past years, the integration of ethics in HTA practice still presents many challenges. In response to the increasing demand for expansion of health technology assessment methodology to include ethical issues more systematically, this article reports on a multi-stage study that aimed at construction of a framework for improving the integration of ethics in HTA.MethodsThe framework was developed through the following phases: 1) a systematic review and (...)
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  7.  32
    Alternatives to project-specific consent for access to personal information for health research: Insights from a public dialogue.Donald J. Willison, Marilyn Swinton, Lisa Schwartz, Julia Abelson, Cathy Charles, David Northrup, Ji Cheng & Lehana Thabane - 2008 - BMC Medical Ethics 9 (1):18-.
    BackgroundThe role of consent for research use of health information is contentious. Most discussion has focused on when project-specific consent may be waived but, recently, a broader range of consent options has been entertained, including broad opt-in for multiple studies with restrictions and notification with opt-out. We sought to elicit public values in this matter and to work toward an agreement about a common approach to consent for use of personal information for health research through deliberative public dialogues.MethodsWe conducted seven (...)
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  8. Models for humanitarian health care ethics.L. Schwartz, M. Hunt, C. Sinding, L. Elit, L. Redwood-Campbell, N. Adelson & S. de Laat - 2012 - Public Health Ethics 5 (1):81-90.
    Humanitarian health care practitioners working outside familiar settings, and without familiar supports, encounter ethical challenges both familiar and distinct. The ethical guidance they rely upon ought to reflect this. Using data from empirical studies, we explore the strengths and weaknesses of two ethical models that could serve as resources for understanding ethical challenges in humanitarian health care: clinical ethics and public health ethics. The qualitative interviews demonstrate the degree to which traditional teaching and values of clinical health ethics seem insufficient (...)
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  9.  23
    Tragic Choices in Humanitarian Health Work.Matthew Hunt, Christina Sinding & Lisa Schwartz - 2012 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 23 (4):338-344.
    Humanitarian healthcare work presents a range of ethical challenges for expatriate healthcare professionals, including tragic choices requiring the selection of a least-worst option. In this paper we examine a particular set of tragic choices related to the prioritization of care and allocation of scarce resources between individuals in situations of widespread and urgent health needs. Drawing on qualitative interviews with clinicians, we examine the nature of these choices. We offer recommendations to clinical teams and aid organizations for preparing and supporting (...)
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  10.  39
    Access to medical records for research purposes: varying perceptions across research ethics boards.D. J. Willison, C. Emerson, K. V. Szala-Meneok, E. Gibson, L. Schwartz, K. M. Weisbaum, F. Fournier, K. Brazil & M. D. Coughlin - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (4):308-314.
    Introduction: Variation across research ethics boards in conditions placed on access to medical records for research purposes raises concerns around negative impacts on research quality and on human subject protection, including privacy.Aim: To study variation in REB consent requirements for retrospective chart review and who may have access to the medical record for data abstraction.Methods: Thirty 90-min face-to-face interviews were conducted with REB chairs and administrators affiliated with faculties of medicine in Canadian universities, using structured questions around a case study (...)
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  11.  71
    'Playing God Because you Have to': Health Professionals' Narratives of Rationing Care in Humanitarian and Development Work.C. Sinding, L. Schwartz, M. Hunt, L. Redwood-Campbell, L. Elit & J. Ranford - 2010 - Public Health Ethics 3 (2):147-156.
    This article explores the accounts of Canadian-trained health professionals working in humanitarian and development organizations who considered not treating a patient or group of patients because of resource limitations. In the narratives, not treating the patient(s) was sometimes understood as the right thing to do, and sometimes as wrong. In analyzing participants’ narratives we draw attention to how medications and equipment are represented. In one type of narrative, medications and equipment are represented primarily as scarce resources; in another, they are (...)
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  12.  29
    Consent for use of personal information for health research: Do people with potentially stigmatizing health conditions and the general public differ in their opinions?Donald J. Willison, Valerie Steeves, Cathy Charles, Lisa Schwartz, Jennifer Ranford, Gina Agarwal, Ji Cheng & Lehana Thabane - 2009 - BMC Medical Ethics 10 (1):10-.
    BackgroundStigma refers to a distinguishing personal trait that is perceived as or actually is physically, socially, or psychologically disadvantageous. Little is known about the opinion of those who have more or less stigmatizing health conditions regarding the need for consent for use of their personal information for health research.MethodsWe surveyed the opinions of people 18 years and older with seven health conditions. Participants were drawn from: physicians' offices and clinics in southern Ontario; and from a cross-Canada marketing panel of individuals (...)
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  13.  43
    Is there an advocate in the house? The role of health care professionals in patient advocacy.L. Schwartz - 2002 - Journal of Medical Ethics 28 (1):37-40.
    It remains unclear what patient advocacy actually entails and what values it ought to embody. It will be useful to ascertain whether advocacy means supporting any decision the patient makes, or if the advocate can claim to represent the patient by asserting well-intentioned paternalistic claims on the patient's behalf. This is especially significant because the position of advocate brings with it certain privileges on the basis of of presumed insight into patient-perceived interests, namely, entitlement to take part in clinical decision (...)
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  14.  26
    The Ethics of Engaged Presence: A Framework for Health Professionals in Humanitarian Assistance and Development Work.Matthew R. Hunt, Lisa Schwartz, Christina Sinding & Laurie Elit - 2014 - Developing World Bioethics 14 (1):47-55.
    In this article, we present an ethics framework for health practice in humanitarian and development work: the ethics of engaged presence. The ethics of engaged presence framework aims to articulate in a systematic fashion approaches and orientations that support the engagement of expatriate health care professionals in ways that align with diverse obligations and responsibilities, and promote respectful and effective action and relationships. Drawn from a range of sources, the framework provides a vocabulary and narrative structure for examining the moral (...)
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  15.  97
    Experience of Ethics Training and Support for Health Care Professionals in International Aid Work.M. R. Hunt, L. Schwartz & L. Elit - 2012 - Public Health Ethics 5 (1):91-99.
    Health care professionals who travel from their home countries to participate in humanitarian assistance or development work experience distinctive ethical challenges in providing care and services to populations affected by war, disaster or deprivation. Limited information is available about organizational practices related to preparation and support for health professionals working with non-governmental organizations. In this article, we present one component of the results of a qualitative study conducted with 20 Canadian health care professionals who participated in international aid work. The (...)
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  16.  19
    Tragic Choices in Humanitarian Health Work.Matthew R. Hunt, Lisa Schwartz & Christina Sinding - 2012 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 23 (4):338-344.
    Humanitarian healthcare work presents a range of ethical challenges for expatriate healthcare professionals, including tragic choices requiring the selection of a least-worst option. In this paper we examine a particular set of tragic choices related to the prioritization of care and allocation of scarce resources between individuals in situations of widespread and urgent health needs. Drawing on qualitative interviews with clinicians, we examine the nature of these choices. We offer recommendations to clinical teams and aid organizations for preparing and supporting (...)
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  17.  26
    Familiar ethical issues amplified: how members of research ethics committees describe ethical distinctions between disaster and non-disaster research.Catherine M. Tansey, James Anderson, Renaud F. Boulanger, Lisa Eckenwiler, John Pringle, Lisa Schwartz & Matthew Hunt - 2017 - BMC Medical Ethics 18 (1):44.
    The conduct of research in settings affected by disasters such as hurricanes, floods and earthquakes is challenging, particularly when infrastructures and resources were already limited pre-disaster. However, since post-disaster research is essential to the improvement of the humanitarian response, it is important that adequate research ethics oversight be available. We aim to answer the following questions: 1) what do research ethics committee members who have reviewed research protocols to be conducted following disasters in low- and middle-income countries perceive as the (...)
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  18. Typewriter: Free indirect discourse in Deleuze's cinema.Louis-Georges Schwartz - 2005 - Substance 34 (3):107-135.
  19.  12
    The Ethics of Humanitarian Innovation: Mapping Values Statements and Engaging with Value-Sensitive Design.Lilia Brahimi, Gautham Krishnaraj, John Pringle, Lisa Schwartz, Dónal O’Mathúna & Matthew Hunt - 2023 - Canadian Journal of Bioethics / Revue canadienne de bioéthique 6 (2):1-10.
    The humanitarian sector continually faces organizational and operational challenges to respond to the needs of populations affected by war, disaster, displacement, and health emergencies. With the goal of improving the effectiveness and efficiency of response efforts, humanitarian innovation initiatives seek to develop, test, and scale a variety of novel and adapted practices, products, and systems. The innovation process raises important ethical considerations, such as appropriately engaging crisis-affected populations in defining problems and identifying potential solutions, mitigating risks, ensuring accountability, sharing benefits (...)
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  20.  22
    Who's minding the shop? The role of Canadian research ethics boards in the creation and uses of registries and biobanks.Elaine Gibson, Kevin Brazil, Michael D. Coughlin, Claudia Emerson, Francois Fournier, Lisa Schwartz, Karen V. Szala-Meneok, Karen M. Weisbaum & Donald J. Willison - 2008 - BMC Medical Ethics 9 (1):17-.
    BackgroundThe amount of research utilizing health information has increased dramatically over the last ten years. Many institutions have extensive biobank holdings collected over a number of years for clinical and teaching purposes, but are uncertain as to the proper circumstances in which to permit research uses of these samples. Research Ethics Boards (REBs) in Canada and elsewhere in the world are grappling with these issues, but lack clear guidance regarding their role in the creation of and access to registries and (...)
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  21.  22
    Reclamation: A Liberal Theory of Criminal Justice.Lindsey Jo Schwartz - 2023 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 17 (1):247-248.
  22.  89
    Medical ethics: a case based approach.Lisa Schwartz - 2002 - New York: WB Saunders. Edited by Paul E. Preece & Robert A. Hendry.
    This text includes practical coverage of all the issues likely to be of concern to students during their medical careers.
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  23.  9
    Rationing Decisions: From Diversity to Consensus.Lisa Schwartz, Jill Morrison & Frank Sullivan - 1999 - Health Care Analysis 7 (2):195-205.
    As rationing decisions become more of an immediate reality for healthcare practitioners it is important to design mechanisms that facilitate carefully deliberated outcomes. No individual can be expected to be able to cover wide debate on their own, so an exercise has been designed that helps generate consensus decisions from diverse opinions. The exercise was piloted with two groups, an undergraduate medical class and the members of a general practice. Though the aims were different for each group, the tool was (...)
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  24.  41
    The Ethics of Engaged Presence: A Framework for Health Professionals in Humanitarian Assistance and Development Work.Matthew R. Hunt, Lisa Schwartz, Christina Sinding & Laurie Elit - 2012 - Developing World Bioethics 12 (3):47-55.
    In this article, we present an ethics framework for health practice in humanitarian and development work: the ethics of engaged presence. The ethics of engaged presence framework aims to articulate in a systematic fashion approaches and orientations that support the engagement of expatriate health care professionals in ways that align with diverse obligations and responsibilities, and promote respectful and effective action and relationships. Drawn from a range of sources, the framework provides a vocabulary and narrative structure for examining the moral (...)
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  25.  87
    Editorial: Introduction to Symposium on Ethics and Humanitarian Healthcare Policy and Practice.M. R. Hunt & L. Schwartz - 2012 - Public Health Ethics 5 (1):47-48.
  26.  14
    Steps toward improving ethical evaluation in health technology assessment: a proposed framework.Nazila Assasi, Jean-Eric Tarride, Daria O’Reilly & Lisa Schwartz - forthcoming - Most Recent Articles: Bmc Medical Ethics.
    While evaluation of ethical aspects in health technology assessment has gained much attention during the past years, the integration of ethics in HTA practice still presents many challenges. In response...
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  27.  10
    Biomedical Authorship: Common Misconducts and Possible Scenarios for Disputes.Behrooz Astaneh, Lisa Schwartz & Gordon Guyatt - 2021 - Journal of Academic Ethics 19 (4):455-464.
    Authorship of a scientific paper is important in recognition of one’s work, and in the academic setting, helps in professional promotion. Conflicting views of authorship have led to disputes and debates in many scientific communities. Addressing ethical issues in medical research and publishing, and conforming to the requirements of international organizations and local research ethics boards, has become an essential part of the research endeavor. Ethical issues of biomedical authorship have been a matter of debate for years. Authorship problems may (...)
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  28.  15
    When are Pharmaceuticals Priced Fairly? An Alternative Risk-Sharing Model for Pharmaceutical Pricing.Fanor Balderrama, Lisa J. Schwartz & Christopher J. Longo - 2020 - Health Care Analysis 28 (2):121-136.
    The most common solutions to the problem of high pharmaceutical prices have taken the form of regulations, price negotiations, or changes in drug coverage by insurers. These measures for the most part transfer the burden of drug expenditures between pharmaceutical companies and payers or between payers. The aim of this study is to propose an alternative model for the relationship between the main stakeholders involved in the price setting and purchasing of pharmaceuticals, one that encourages a more cooperative approach. We (...)
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  29.  4
    Teaching and learning ethics-Students' attitudes and potential behaviour to a competent patient's request for withdrawal of treatment as they pass through a modern medical curriculum.J. Goldie, L. Schwartz & J. Morrison - 2004 - Journal of Medical Ethics 30 (4):371-375.
  30.  7
    Evidence first, practice second in arthroscopic surgery: use of placebo surgery in randomised controlled trial.Kazuha Kizaki, Lisa J. Schwartz & Olufemi R. Ayeni - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics 45 (12):757-760.
    The application of evidence-based medicine helps clinicians avoid unnecessary procedures and decreases unnecessary harm for future patients while sparing economic burdens. Randomised controlled trials most accurately produce best research evidence. In arthroscopic surgery, however, many procedures have been extensively used without supportive evidence verified with RCTs. In this paper, we introduce two procedures, where over 30 years of procedure usage has continued prior to garnering evidence for the inefficacy of the procedures. The situations are attributed to the fact that clinical (...)
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  31.  9
    Ethical Considerations Associated with Closing a Non-communicable Disease Program in a Humanitarian Setting.Handreen Mohammed Saeed, Lisa Schwartz & Matthew Hunt - unknown
    Managing non-communicable diseases in crisis-affected and fragile humanitarian contexts requires special attention because primary health care systems often collapse or become compromised in such settings. As a result, addressing and managing these diseases become more challenging. Humanitarian organizations that intervene in crisis situations are increasingly including NCD management in the services they support and provide; however, they encounter a range of issues such as ensuring the quality of care, sustainability of programs, and the possibility of unintended harms. This case study (...)
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  32.  10
    Ubiquitin in homeostasis, development and disease.Sylviane Muller & Lawrence M. Schwartz - 1995 - Bioessays 17 (8):677-684.
    Ubiquitin is the most phylogenetically conserved protein known. This 8,500 Da polypeptide can be covalently attached to cellular proteins as a posttranslational modification. In most cases, the addition of multiple ubiquitin adducts to a protein targets it for rapid degradation by a multisubunit protease known as the 26S proteasome. While the ubiquitin/26S proteasome pathway is responsible for the degradation of the bulk of cellular proteins during homeostasis, it may also be responsible for the rapid loss of protein during the programmed (...)
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  33.  1
    Unpacking the “Oughtness” of Palliative Care in Humanitarian Crises: Moral Logics and What Is at Stake?Elysée Nouvet, Matthew Hunt, Gautham Krishnaraj, Corinne Schuster-Wallace, Carrie Bernard, Laurie Elit, Sonya DeLaat & Lisa Schwartz - 2021 - In Daniel Messelken & David Winkler (eds.), Health Care in Contexts of Risk, Uncertainty, and Hybridity. Springer. pp. 179-200.
    It is clear that in the eyes of a growing number of humanitarian fieldworkers and decision-makers, palliative care is something humanitarian organizations should strive to provide as they address the needs of populations affected by crises. What remains less clear are the moral justifications underlying the push to do so. This chapter dives beneath surface prescriptions of what “ought to be” the place of palliative care within humanitarian response. It presents and analyses a series of evocative statements made by 24 (...)
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  34.  14
    Cell death suffers a TKO.Barbara A. Osborne & Lawrence M. Schwartz - 1995 - Bioessays 17 (6):557-559.
    The cytokine interferon‐γ (IFN‐γ), initiates both cell cycle arrest and cell death in certain cell lines. Through a novel strategy of cell transfection with episomal vectors expressing antisense cDNAs, Deiss et al.(1.2) have demonstrated that it is possible to isolate genes that are required for the initiation of cell death by the cytokine IFN‐γ. This approach, referred to as TKO, for Technical Knock Out, has identified several genes whose activity appears to be essential for the induction of apoptosis by IFN‐γ (...)
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  35.  5
    A New Type of Syntactic Projectivity: SD-Projectivity.Liana Schwartz - 1973 - In Radu J. Bogdan & Ilkka Niiniluoto (eds.), Logic, Language, and Probability. Boston: D. Reidel Pub. Co.. pp. 296--301.
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  36.  15
    Ced‐3/ICE: Evolutionarily conserved regulation of cell death.Lawrence M. Schwartz & Barbara A. Osborne - 1994 - Bioessays 16 (6):387-389.
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  37.  21
    Deleuze, Rodowick, and the Philosophy of Film.Louis Schwartz - 2000 - Film-Philosophy 4 (1).
    D. N. Rodowick _Gilles Deleuze's Time Machine_ Durham and London: Duke University Press, 1997 ISBN: 0822319705 280 pp.
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  38.  16
    Independent contribution of perceptual experience and social cognition to face recognition.Linoy Schwartz & Galit Yovel - 2019 - Cognition 183 (C):131-138.
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  39.  14
    International Educational Justice: Educational Resources for Students Living Abroad.Lindsey Schwartz - 2020 - Global Justice : Theory Practice Rhetoric 12 (1):78-99.
    As a result of globalization, the number of people living outside of their countries of origin is on the rise. Among them are children of primary and secondary school age of varying socio-economic backgrounds. This article addresses the education-related challenges that children in such circumstances face. I first identify two principles – an educational adequacy principle and a presumption of responsibility on the part of a host country for meeting children’s educationalneeds – which are widely employed to guide national policy (...)
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  40.  44
    Leonardo and “Pixellence”™.Lillian F. Schwartz - 1994 - World Futures 40 (1):147-165.
    In the search for the roots of computer art, the notes of Leonardo provide guiding principles which continue to surface in much of 20th century art. The essay is written in Leonardo's voice to combine excerpts from his early writings with the author's extrapolations from his teachings. This text purports that the heritage of computer art is linked to Renaissance precepts, and descended from the Mechanical age, Visual arts, and Animation. This exploration positions a new movement, herein called ?Pixellence,?? in (...)
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  41. Passion, Cinema and the Old Materialism.Louis-Georges Schwartz - 2016 - In Ceciel Meiborg & Sjoerd van Tuinen (eds.), Deleuze and the Passions. Punctum Books.
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  42.  26
    Typewriter: Free Indirect Discourse in Deleuze's Cinema.Louis Georges Schwartz - 2005 - Substance 34 (3):107-135.
  43.  11
    The role of cell death genes during development.Lawrence M. Schwartz - 1991 - Bioessays 13 (8):389-395.
    During development, large numbers of cells die by a process known as programmed cell death. This loss of cells plays a number of important roles, including the sculpting of the body form and the removal of vestigial tissues. Data obtained from a variety of organisms has suggested that a cell's ‘decision’ to die is a differentiative event, requiring the activation of specific sets of genes. Several putative ‘cell death’ genes have recently been cloned, and one has been identified as the (...)
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  44. If you let it get to you…’: moral distress, ego-depletion, and mental health among military health care providers in deployed service.Jill Horning, Lisa Schwartz, Mathew Hunt & Bryn Williams-Jones - 2017 - In Daniel Messelken & David Winkler (eds.), Ethical Challenges for Military Health Care Personnel: Dealing with Epidemics. New York, NY, USA: pp. 71-91.
    Health care providers (HCPs) are routinely placed into morally challenging situations that have the potential to cause moral distress. This is especially true for HCPs working in the military, whether they are on deployment outside their typical contexts of practice such as in disaster relief (e.g., Haiti and the Ebola missions in West Africa), or in more typically military settings such as peace keeping or armed conflicts (e.g., Afghanistan, Syria). Moral distress refers to “painful feelings and/or psychological disequilibrium” (Nilsson, Sjöberg, (...)
     
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