Results for 'Kyle E. Jennings'

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  1. Determining the Internal Consistency of Attitude Attributions.Kyle E. Jennings - 2010 - In S. Ohlsson & R. Catrambone (eds.), Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society. pp. 978--983.
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  2. Developing creativity: Artificial barriers in artificial intelligence. [REVIEW]Kyle E. Jennings - 2010 - Minds and Machines 20 (4):489-501.
    The greatest rhetorical challenge to developers of creative artificial intelligence systems is convincingly arguing that their software is more than just an extension of their own creativity. This paper suggests that “creative autonomy,” which exists when a system not only evaluates creations on its own, but also changes its standards without explicit direction, is a necessary condition for making this argument. Rather than requiring that the system be hermetically sealed to avoid perceptions of human influence, developing creative autonomy is argued (...)
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  3. Infants learn phonotactic regularities from brief auditory experience.Kyle E. Chambers, Kristine H. Onishi & Cynthia Fisher - 2003 - Cognition 87 (2):B69-B77.
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  4.  23
    Against the iDoctor: why artificial intelligence should not replace physician judgment.Kyle E. Karches - 2018 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 39 (2):91-110.
    Experts in medical informatics have argued for the incorporation of ever more machine-learning algorithms into medical care. As artificial intelligence research advances, such technologies raise the possibility of an “iDoctor,” a machine theoretically capable of replacing the judgment of primary care physicians. In this article, I draw on Martin Heidegger’s critique of technology to show how an algorithmic approach to medicine distorts the physician–patient relationship. Among other problems, AI cannot adapt guidelines according to the individual patient’s needs. In response to (...)
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  5.  19
    The ends of medicine and the crisis of chronic pain.Kyle E. Karches - 2019 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 40 (3):183-196.
    Pellegrino and Thomasma have proposed a normative medical ethics founded on a conception of the end of medicine detached from any broader notion of the telos of human life. In this essay, I question whether such a narrow teleological account of medicine can be sustained, taking as a starting point Pellegrino and Thomasma’s own contention that the end of medicine projects itself onto the intermediate acts that aim at that end. In order to show how the final end of human (...)
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  6.  46
    Rescuing stimuli from invisibility: Inducing a momentary release from visual masking with pre-target entrainment.Kyle E. Mathewson, Monica Fabiani, Gabriele Gratton, Diane M. Beck & Alejandro Lleras - 2010 - Cognition 115 (1):186-191.
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  7.  29
    Medicine and the Common Good in the Aristotelian-Thomistic Tradition.Kyle E. Karches - 2020 - Christian Bioethics 26 (2):124-144.
    Whereas bioethicists generally consider medicine a practice aimed at the individual good of each patient, in this paper I present an alternative conception of the goods of medicine. I first explain how modern liberal political theory gives rise to the predominant view of the medical good and then contrast this understanding of politics with that of Thomas Aquinas, informed by Aristotle. I then show how this Christian politics is implicit in certain aspects of contemporary medical practice and argue that Christians (...)
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  8.  56
    The preservation of coherence.R. E. Jennings & P. K. Schotch - 1984 - Studia Logica 43:89.
    It is argued that the preservation of truth by an inference relation is of little interest when premiss sets are contradictory. The notion of a level of coherence is introduced and the utility of modal logics in the semantic representation of sets of higher coherence levels is noted. It is shown that this representative role cannot be transferred to first order logic via frame theory since the modal formulae expressing coherence level restrictions are not first order definable. Finally, an inference (...)
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  9.  9
    Some remarks on weak modal logics.R. E. Jennings - 1981 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 22:309-314.
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  10.  10
    Epistemic Logic, Skepticism, and Non-Normal Modal Logic.R. E. Jennings - 1981 - Philosophical Studies 40 (1):47-67.
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  11.  58
    Or.R. E. Jennings - 1966 - Analysis 26 (6):181.
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  12.  10
    Glycogen resynthesis and recovery from exercise: Effects of very-long-chain acyl-coenzyme, a dehydrogenase deficiency.Kyle E. Johnson - 2002 - Inquiry: The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing 3.
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  13.  11
    A Deontic Counterpart Of Lewis's S1.R. E. Jennings & Kam Leung - 2005 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 46 (2):217-230.
    In this paper we investigate nonnormal modal systems in the vicinity of the Lewis system S1. It might be claimed that Lewis's modal systems are the starting point of modern modal logics. However, our interests in the Lewis systems and their relatives are not historical. They possess certain syntactical features and their frames certain structural properties that are of interest to us. Our starting point is not S1, but a weaker logic S1$^0$. We extend it to S1$^0$D, which can be (...)
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  14.  4
    Probabilistic considerations on modal semantics.R. E. Jennings - 1981 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 22:227-238.
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  15. Paradox-tolerant logic.R. E. Jennings - 1983 - Logique Et Analyse 26 (3):291.
     
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  16. Principles and Influence in Codes of Ethics: A Centering Resonance Analysis Comparing Pre- and Post-Sarbanes-Oxley Codes of Ethics.Heather E. Canary & Marianne M. Jennings - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 80 (2):263-278.
    This study examines the similarities and differences in pre- and post-Sarbanes-Oxley corporate ethics codes and codes of conduct using the framework of structuration theory. Following the passage of the Sarbanes-Oxley (SOX) legislation in 2002 in the United States, publicly traded companies there undertook development and revision of their codes of ethics in response to new regulatory requirements as well as incentives under the U.S. Corporate Sentencing Guidelines, which were also revised as part of the SOX mandates. Questions that remain are (...)
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  17.  27
    Uninformed Consent? The Effect of Participant Characteristics and Delivery Format on Informed Consent.Kyle R. Ripley, Margaret A. Hance, Stacey A. Kerr, Lauren E. Brewer & Kyle E. Conlon - 2018 - Ethics and Behavior 28 (7):517-543.
    Although many people choose to sign consent forms and participate in research, how many thoroughly read a consent form before signing it? Across 3 experiments using 348 undergraduate student participants, we examined whether personality characteristics as well as consent form content, format, and delivery method were related to thorough reading. Students repeatedly failed to read the consent forms, although small effects were found favoring electronic delivery methods and traditional format forms. Potential explanations are discussed and include participant apathy, participants trying (...)
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  18.  30
    De-extinction and Conservation.Gregory E. Kaebnick & Bruce Jennings - 2017 - Hastings Center Report 47 (S2):S2-S4.
    We are living in what is widely considered the sixth major extinction. Most ecologists believe that biodiversity is disappearing at an alarming rate, with up to 150 species going extinct per day according to scientists working with the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity. Part of the reason the loss signified by biological extinction feels painful is that it seems irremediable. These creatures are gone, and there's nothing to be done about it. In recent years, however, the possibility has been (...)
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  19. Values and Policy in American Society.Russell E. Bayliff, Eugene Clark, Loyd Easton, Blaine E. Grimes, David H. Jennings & Norman H. Leonard - 1955 - Philosophy of Science 22 (1):66-66.
     
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  20.  33
    Direct observation of plasticity and quantitative hardness measurements in single crystal cyclotrimethylene trinitramine by nanoindentation.Kyle J. Ramos, Daniel E. Hooks & David F. Bahr - 2009 - Philosophical Magazine 89 (27):2381-2402.
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  21.  9
    The Moral Difference between Faces & FaceTime.Kyle E. Karches - 2023 - Hastings Center Report 53 (4):16-25.
    Although the technology for telemedicine existed before the Covid‐19 pandemic, the need to provide medical services while minimizing the risk of contagion has encouraged its more widespread use. I argue that, although telemedicine can be useful in certain situations, physicians should not consider it an adequate substitute for the office visit. I first provide a narrative account of the experience of telemedicine. I then draw on philosophical critiques of technology to examine how telemedicine has epistemic and ethical effects that make (...)
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  22.  60
    Against the iDoctor: why artificial intelligence should not replace physician judgment.Kyle E. Karches - 2018 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 39 (2):91-110.
    Experts in medical informatics have argued for the incorporation of ever more machine-learning algorithms into medical care. As artificial intelligence research advances, such technologies raise the possibility of an “iDoctor,” a machine theoretically capable of replacing the judgment of primary care physicians. In this article, I draw on Martin Heidegger’s critique of technology to show how an algorithmic approach to medicine distorts the physician–patient relationship. Among other problems, AI cannot adapt guidelines according to the individual patient’s needs. In response to (...)
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  23.  29
    Some remarks on (weakly) weak modal logics.R. E. Jennings & P. K. Schotch - 1981 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 22 (4):309-314.
  24.  25
    The ends of medicine and the crisis of chronic pain.Kyle E. Karches - 2019 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 40 (3):183-196.
    Pellegrino and Thomasma have proposed a normative medical ethics founded on a conception of the end of medicine detached from any broader notion of the telos of human life. In this essay, I question whether such a narrow teleological account of medicine can be sustained, taking as a starting point Pellegrino and Thomasma’s own contention that the end of medicine projects itself onto the intermediate acts that aim at that end. In order to show how the final end of human (...)
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  25. The Study of Visual and Multimodal Argumentation.Jens E. Kjeldsen - 2015 - Argumentation 29 (2):115-132.
    IntroductionIf we were to identify the beginning of the study of visual argumentation, we would have to choose 1996 as the starting point. This was the year that Leo Groarke published “Logic, art and argument” in Informal logic, and it was the year that he and David Birdsell co-edited a special double issue of Argumentation and Advocacy on visual argumentation . Among other papers, the issue included Anthony Blair’s “The possibility and actuality of visual arguments”. It was also the year (...)
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  26.  81
    Data identity: privacy and the construction of self.Jens-Erik Mai & Sille Obelitz Søe - 2022 - Synthese 200 (6):1-22.
    This paper argues in favor of a hybrid conception of identity. A common conception of identity in datafied society is a split between a digital self and a real self, which has resulted in concepts such as the data double, algorithmic identity, and data shadows. These data-identity metaphors have played a significant role in the conception of informational privacy as control over information—the control of or restricted access to your digital identity. Through analyses of various data-identity metaphors as well as (...)
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  27. Neoliberal Governmentality.Sverre Raffnsøe, Alan Rosenberg, Alain Beaulieu, Sam Binkley, Jens Erik Kristensen, Sven Opitz, Morris Rabinowitz & Ditte Vilstrup Holm - 2009 - Foucault Studies 6:1-4.
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  28.  77
    The Rhetoric of Thick Representation: How Pictures Render the Importance and Strength of an Argument Salient.Jens E. Kjeldsen - 2015 - Argumentation 29 (2):197-215.
    Some forms of argumentation are best performed through words. However, there are also some forms of argumentation that may be best presented visually. Thus, this paper examines the virtues of visual argumentation. What makes visual argumentation distinct from verbal argumentation? What aspects of visual argumentation may be considered especially beneficial?
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  29.  35
    The $n$-adic first-order undefinability of the Geach formula.R. E. Jennings, P. K. Schotch & D. K. Johnston - 1981 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 22 (4):375-378.
  30. Host publication information.Sverre Raffnsøe, Alain Beaulieu, Sam Binkley, Patricia Clough, Jens Erik Kristensen, Sven Opitz, Jyoti Puri, Alan Rosenberg, Marius T. Gudmand-Høyer & Ditte Vilstrup Holm - 2013 - Foucault Studies 15:1-3.
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  31.  27
    What is the ‘personal’ in ‘personal information’?Sille Obelitz Søe, Rikke Frank Jørgensen & Jens-Erik Mai - 2021 - Ethics and Information Technology 23 (4):625-633.
    Contemporary privacy theories and European discussions about data protection employ the notion of ‘personal information’ to designate their areas of concern. The notion of personal information is demarcated from non-personal information—or just information—indicating that we are dealing with a specific kind of information. However, within privacy scholarship the notion of personal information appears undertheorized, rendering the concept somewhat unclear. We argue that in an age of datafication, protection of personal information and privacy is crucial, making the understanding of what is (...)
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  32.  24
    The Need for Social Ethics in Interdisciplinary Environmental Science Graduate Programs: Results from a Nation-Wide Survey in the United States.Troy E. Hall, Jesse Engebretson, Michael O’Rourke, Zach Piso, Kyle Whyte & Sean Valles - 2017 - Science and Engineering Ethics 23 (2):565-588.
    Professionals in environmental fields engage with complex problems that involve stakeholders with different values, different forms of knowledge, and contentious decisions. There is increasing recognition of the need to train graduate students in interdisciplinary environmental science programs in these issues, which we refer to as “social ethics.” A literature review revealed topics and skills that should be included in such training, as well as potential challenges and barriers. From this review, we developed an online survey, which we administered to faculty (...)
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  33.  71
    A Phenomenal Case for Sport.Jens E. Birch - 2009 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 3 (1):30-48.
    The article attempts to show some limitations to reductive accounts in science and philosophy of body-mind relations, experience and skill. Extensive literature has developed in analytic philosophy of mind recently due to new technology and theories in the neurosciences. In the sporting sciences, there are also attempts to reduce experiences and skills to biology, mechanics, chemistry and physiology. The article argues there are three fundamental problems for reductive accounts that lead to an explanatory gap between the reduction and the conscious (...)
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  34.  19
    Why Deny ECMO-DT to the Incapacitated?Kyle E. Karches - 2023 - American Journal of Bioethics 23 (6):70-72.
    Childress et al. (2023) argue in favor of “ECMO-DT,” the provision of ECMO indefinitely as “destination therapy” in the ICU for patients who are dependent on the technology to sustain their lives....
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  35.  64
    The Inner Game of Sport: is Everything in the Brain?Jens E. Birch - 2010 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 4 (3):284-305.
    The article deals with the following: Three brain imaging studies on athletes are evaluated. What do these neuroscientific studies tell us about the brain and mind of the athlete? Empirical investigations will need a neuro-theory of mind if they are to make the leap from neural activity to the mental. The article looks at such a theory, Gerald Edelman's?Neural Darwinism?. What are the implications of such a theory for sport science and philosophy of sport? The article appreciates some of the (...)
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  36.  11
    Economic Circumstances in Childhood and Subsequent Substance Use in Adolescence – A Latent Class Analysis: The youth@hordaland Study.Jens Christoffer Skogen, Børge Sivertsen, Mari Hysing, Ove Heradstveit & Tormod Bøe - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  37.  59
    Bringing free will down to Earth: People’s psychological concept of free will and its role in moral judgment.Andrew E. Monroe, Kyle D. Dillon & Bertram F. Malle - 2014 - Consciousness and Cognition 27:100-108.
  38.  42
    The Genealogy of Disjunction.Ernest W. Adams & R. E. Jennings - 1996 - Philosophical Review 105 (1):87.
    This book is less about disjunction than about the English word ‘or’, and it is less for than against formal logicians—more exactly, against those who maintain that formal logic can be applied in certain ways to the evaluation of reasoning formulated in ordinary English. Nevertheless, there are many things to interest such of those persons who are willing to overlook the frequent animadversions directed against their kind in the book, and this review will concentrate on them.
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  39.  43
    Visual rhetorical argumentation.Jens E. Kjeldsen - 2018 - Semiotica 2018 (220):69-94.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Semiotica Jahrgang: 2018 Heft: 220 Seiten: 69-94.
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  40. Surprising Suspensions: The Epistemic Value of Being Ignorant.Christopher Willard-Kyle - 2021 - Dissertation, Rutgers University - New Brunswick
    Knowledge is good, ignorance is bad. So it seems, anyway. But in this dissertation, I argue that some ignorance is epistemically valuable. Sometimes, we should suspend judgment even though by believing we would achieve knowledge. In this apology for ignorance (ignorance, that is, of a certain kind), I defend the following four theses: 1) Sometimes, we should continue inquiry in ignorance, even though we are in a position to know the answer, in order to achieve more than mere knowledge (e.g. (...)
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  41.  3
    Hva kan vi egentlig lære av klassiskretorikk?Jens E. Kjeldsen - 2021 - Agora Journal for metafysisk spekulasjon 38 (3-4):539-547.
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  42.  30
    The Need for Social Ethics in Interdisciplinary Environmental Science Graduate Programs: Results from a Nation-Wide Survey in the United States.Sean Valles, Kyle Whyte, Zach Piso, Michael O’Rourke, Jesse Engebretson & Troy E. Hall - 2017 - Science and Engineering Ethics 23 (2):565-588.
    Professionals in environmental fields engage with complex problems that involve stakeholders with different values, different forms of knowledge, and contentious decisions. There is increasing recognition of the need to train graduate students in interdisciplinary environmental science programs in these issues, which we refer to as “social ethics.” A literature review revealed topics and skills that should be included in such training, as well as potential challenges and barriers. From this review, we developed an online survey, which we administered to faculty (...)
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  43.  46
    Intrinsicality and the Conditional.R. E. Jennings - 1986 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 16 (2):221-238.
    In [3] I argued for a particular kind of semantics for subjunctive conditionals. The arguments were based upon some linguistic considerations of the general character of what we mean when we say such and such. I urged that a semantics for subjunctive conditionals ought to provide a distinct representation of the subjunctive mood of a sentence, and should take seriously the fact that subjunctive conditionals admit distinctions of tense. The envisaged semantics took the subjunctive conditional to be about occasions, and (...)
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  44.  19
    Generalized recursion theory II: proceedings of the 1977 Oslo symposium.Jens Erik Fenstad, R. O. Gandy & Gerald E. Sacks (eds.) - 1978 - New York: sole distributors for the U.S.A. and Canada, Elsevier North-Holland.
    GENERALIZED RECUBION THEORY II © North-Holland Publishing Company (1978) MONOTONE QUANTIFIERS AND ADMISSIBLE SETS Ion Barwise University of Wisconsin ...
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  45.  15
    Civic Learning for a Democracy in Crisis.Bruce Jennings, Michael K. Gusmano, Gregory E. Kaebnick, Carolyn P. Neuhaus & Mildred Z. Solomon - 2021 - Hastings Center Report 51 (S1):2-4.
    This essay introduces a special report from The Hastings Center entitled Democracy in Crisis: Civic Learning and the Reconstruction of Common Purpose, which grew out of a project supported by the John S. and James L. Knight Foundation. This multiauthored report offers wide‐ranging assessments of increasing polarization and partisanship in American government and politics, and it proposes constructive responses to this in the provision of objective information, institutional reforms in government and the electoral system, and a reexamination of cultural and (...)
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  46.  17
    Erratum to: The Need for Social Ethics in Interdisciplinary Environmental Science Graduate Programs: Results from a Nation-Wide Survey in the United States.Troy E. Hall, Jesse Engebretson, Michael O’Rourke, Zach Piso, Kyle Whyte & Sean Valles - 2017 - Science and Engineering Ethics 23 (2):589-589.
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  47.  35
    Universal First‐Order Definability in Modal Logic.R. E. Jennings, D. K. Johnston & P. K. Schotch - 1980 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 26 (19-21):327-330.
  48.  18
    Psychological Flexibility as a Buffer against Caregiver Distress in Families with Psychosis.Jens E. Jansen, Ulrik H. Haahr, Hanne-Grethe Lyse, Marlene B. Pedersen, Anne M. Trauelsen & Erik Simonsen - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  49.  12
    The Dual State: A Contribution to the Theory of Dictatorship.Ernst Fraenkel, E. A. Shills & Jens Meierhenrich - 2010 - Oxford University Press UK.
    The Dual State, first published in 1941, remains one of the most erudite books on the legal origins of democracy and dictatorship. It provided the first comprehensive analysis of the rise and nature of National Socialism, and was the only such analysis written from within Hitler's Germany. Fraenkel's concept of the dual state, being the normative state and the the prerogative state. It retains its vital relevance for the theory of democracy in the twenty-first century. The Dual State considerably influenced (...)
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  50.  30
    Sender Gender Influences Emoji Interpretation in Text Messages.Sarah E. Butterworth, Traci A. Giuliano, Justin White, Lizette Cantu & Kyle C. Fraser - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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