Results for 'Kurt Straif'

1000+ found
Order:
  1.  40
    The IARC Monographs: Updated procedures for modern and transparent evidence synthesis in cancer hazard identification.Jonathan M. Samet, Weihsueh A. Chiu, Vincent Cogliano, Jennifer Jinot, David Kriebel, Ruth M. Lunn, Frederick A. Beland, Lisa Bero, Patience Browne, Lin Fritschi, Jun Kanno, Dirk W. Lachenmeier, Qing Lan, Gérard Lasfargues, Frank Le Curieux, Susan Peters, Pamela Shubat, Hideko Sone, Mary C. White, Jon Williamson, Marianna Yakubovskaya, Jack Siemiatycki, Paul A. White, Kathryn Z. Guyton, Mary K. Schubauer-Berigan, Amy L. Hall, Yann Grosse, Véronique Bouvard, Lamia Benbrahim-Tallaa, Fatiha El Ghissassi, Béatrice Lauby-Secretan, Bruce Armstrong, Rodolfo Saracci, Jiri Zavadil, Kurt Straif & Christopher P. Wild - unknown
    The Monographs produced by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) apply rigorous procedures for the scientific review and evaluation of carcinogenic hazards by independent experts. The Preamble to the IARC Monographs, which outlines these procedures, was updated in 2019, following recommendations of a 2018 expert Advisory Group. This article presents the key features of the updated Preamble, a major milestone that will enable IARC to take advantage of recent scientific and procedural advances made during the 12 years since (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2.  4
    The Rising Global Cancer Pandemic: Health, Ethics, and Social Justice, edited by Andrea Vicini, S.J., Philip J. Landrigan, and Kurt Straif[REVIEW]Mariele Courtois - 2023 - Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics 43 (2):453-454.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  3.  1
    The Descartes dictionary.Kurt Smith - 2015 - New York: Bloomsbury Academic.
    The Descartes Dictionary is an accessible guide to the world of the seventeenth-century philosopher René Descartes. Meticulously researched and extensively cross-referenced, this unique book covers all his major works, ideas and influences, and provides a firm grounding in the central themes of Descartes' thought. The introduction provides a biographical sketch, a brief account of Descartes' philosophical works, and a summary of the current state of Cartesian studies, discussing trends in research over the past four decades. The A-Z entries include clear (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  4. An Epistemic Non-Consequentialism.Kurt L. Sylvan - 2020 - The Philosophical Review 129 (1):1-51.
    Despite the recent backlash against epistemic consequentialism, an explicit systematic alternative has yet to emerge. This paper articulates and defends a novel alternative, Epistemic Kantianism, which rests on a requirement of respect for the truth. §1 tackles some preliminaries concerning the proper formulation of the epistemic consequentialism / non-consequentialism divide, explains where Epistemic Kantianism falls in the dialectical landscape, and shows how it can capture what seems attractive about epistemic consequentialism while yielding predictions that are harder for the latter to (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   33 citations  
  5.  13
    A deduction model of belief.Kurt Konolige - 1986 - Los Atlos, Calif.: Morgan Kaufmann Publishers.
  6. The place of reasons in epistemology.Kurt Sylvan & Ernest Sosa - 2018 - In Daniel Star (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Reasons and Normativity. New York, NY, United States of America: Oxford University Press.
    This paper considers the place of reasons in the metaphysics of epistemic normativity and defends a middle ground between two popular extremes in the literature. Against members of the ‘reasons first’ movement, we argue that reasons are not the sole fundamental constituents of epistemic normativity. We suggest instead that the virtue-theoretic property of competence is the key building block. To support this approach, we note that reasons must be possessed to play a role in the analysis of central epistemically normative (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   28 citations  
  7. Respect and the reality of apparent reasons.Kurt L. Sylvan - 2021 - Philosophical Studies 178 (10):3129-3156.
    Rationality requires us to respond to apparent normative reasons. Given the independence of appearance and reality, why think that apparent normative reasons necessarily provide real normative reasons? And if they do not, why think that mistakes of rationality are necessarily real mistakes? This paper gives a novel answer to these questions. I argue first that in the moral domain, there are objective duties of respect that we violate whenever we do what appears to violate our first-order duties. The existence of (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  8. Principles of Gestalt Psychology.Kurt Koffka - 1935 - New York: Harcourt, Brace.
    A classical work on Gestalt psychology from a member of the "Berlin School." Discusses perception in relation to the environment, along with action, learning, memory, and socieity.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   22 citations  
  9.  8
    Vollständige Systeme modaler und intuitionistischer Logik.Kurt Schütte - 1968 - New York,: Springer Verlag.
    s. A: KIuPKB entwickelte in einer einheitIichen Systematik vollstlindige Interpretationen fiir viele Systeme der Modalitatenlogik, die vorber nur syn­ taktisch fixiert waren. Hiermit ergab sich auf dem Wege tiber eine quantoren­ logische Erweiterung des Modalitatensystems S4 zugleich eine Semantik fUr die intuitionistische Priidikatenlogik:. Der vorliegende Ergebnisbericht behandelt im Rahmen der klassischen Priidikatenlogik: zwei Modalitatensysteme, deren aussagenlogische Teile mit den Systemen M von v. WRIGHT und S4 von LEWIS tibereinstimmen. Es gibt verschiedene Moglichkeiten, aussagenlogische Modalitatensysteme quantoren­ logisch zu erweitem. Die hier (...)
  10. On an Extension of Finitary Mathematics which has not yet been Used.Kurt Gödel - 1972 - In Solomon Feferman, John Dawson & Stephen Kleene (eds.), Kurt Gödel: Collected Works Vol. Ii. Oxford University Press. pp. 271--284.
  11. On Suspending Properly.Kurt Sylvan & Errol Lord - 2022 - In Paul Silva & Luis R. G. Oliveira (eds.), Propositional and Doxastic Justification: New Essays on their Nature and Significance. New York: Routledge.
    We argue for a novel view of suspending judgment properly--i.e., suspending judgment in an ex post justified way. In so doing we argue for a Kantian virtue-theoretic view of epistemic normativity and against teleological virtue-theoretic accounts.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  12.  82
    The moral point of view.Kurt Baier - 1958 - Ithaca,: Cornell University Press.
  13.  5
    Kurt Hahn, Erinnerungen, Gedanken, Aufforderungen: Beiträge zum 100. Geburtstag des Reformpädagogen.Kurt Hahn & Werner Esser (eds.) - 1987 - Lüneburg: K. Neubauer.
  14. Egoism.Kurt Baier - 1991 - In Peter Singer (ed.), A Companion to Ethics. Cambridge, Mass., USA: Wiley-Blackwell.
  15.  22
    Meister Eckhart: Philosoph des Christentums.Kurt Flasch - 2010 - München: Beck.
    Kurt Flaschs Buch ist die Summe seiner über sechzig Jahre langen Beschäftigung mit Meister Eckhart und seiner Zeit.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  16. The Possibility of Internalist Epistemology.Kurt Sylvan - forthcoming - In Ernest Sosa, Matthias Steup, John Turri & Blake Roeber (eds.), Contemporary Debates in Epistemology, 3rd edition. Wiley-Blackwell.
    Internalism holds that epistemic justification is determined by what is internal to the mind, not by facts about the mind-independent world. This paper introduces and defends a new kind of internalism that is rooted in rationalist ideas that have been neglected in recent epistemology, despite inspiring internalist projects in cognitive science. Ignoring rationalist insights has, I argue, damaged the prospects for internalism, by needlessly saddling internalists with empiricist burdens. Internalists can refuse these burdens by accepting a better philosophy of mind. (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  17.  16
    Homo sacer: il potere sovrano e la nuda vita.Kurt Flasch - 2005
    Ogni tentativo di ripensare le nostre categorie politiche deve muovere dalla consapevolezza che della distinzione classica fra zoé e bios, tra vita naturale ed esistenza politica (o tra l'uomo come semplice vivente e l'uomo come soggetto politico), non ne sappiamo piú nulla. Nel diritto romano arcaico homo sacer era un uomo che chiunque poteva uccidere senza commettere omicidio e che non doveva però essere messo a morte nelle forme prescritte dal rito. È la vita uccidibile e insacrificabile dell' 'uomo sacro' (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   19 citations  
  18.  12
    The Critique of Scientific Reason.Kurt Hübner - 1983 - University of Chicago Press.
    A systematic critique of the notion that natural science is the sovereign domain of truth, Critique of Scientific Reason uses an extensive and detailed investigation of physics—and in particular of Einstein's theory of relativity—to argue that the positivistic notion of rationality is not only wrongheaded but false. Kurt Hübner contends that positivism ignores both the historical dimension of science and the basic structures common to scientific theory, myth, and so-called subjective symbolic systems. Moreover, Hübner argues, positivism has led in (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  19.  5
    Opera omnia.Kurt Dietrich & Flasch - 1977 - Hamburg: Meiner. Edited by Kurt Flasch.
    Tomus 1. Schriften zur Intellekttheorie.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  20. Kurt Godel.Kurt Godel - 2004 - In Julian Baggini & Jeremy Stangroom (eds.), The Great Thinkers a-Z. Continuum. pp. 105.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  21.  33
    Biased interpretation of evidence by mock jurors.Kurt A. Carlson & J. Edward Russo - 2001 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 7 (2):91.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  22.  30
    The moral point of view.Kurt Baier - 1958 - Ithaca,: Cornell University Press.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   42 citations  
  23. Divisibility and Cartesian Extension.Kurt Smith & Alan Nelson - 2010 - In Daniel Garber & Steven Nadler (eds.), Oxford Studies in Early Modern Philosophy Volume V. Oxford University Press UK.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  24.  22
    Kurt Koffka: An Unwitting Self-Portrait. Molly Harrower.Kurt Danzinger - 1984 - Isis 75 (4):745-745.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  25. What apparent reasons appear to be.Kurt Sylvan - 2015 - Philosophical Studies 172 (3):587-606.
    Many meta-ethicists have thought that rationality requires us to heed apparent normative reasons, not objective normative reasons. But what are apparent reasons? There are two kinds of standard answers. On de dicto views, R is an apparent reason for S to \ when it appears to S that R is an objective reason to \ . On de re views, R is an apparent reason for S to \ when R’s truth would constitute an objective reason for S to \ (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   88 citations  
  26. Evidence and Virtue (and Beyond).Kurt Sylvan - forthcoming - In Maria Lasonen-Aarnio & Clayton Littlejohn (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Evidence.
  27.  73
    Collected works.Kurt Gödel - 1986 - New York: Oxford University Press. Edited by Solomon Feferman.
    Kurt Godel was the most outstanding logician of the twentieth century, famous for his work on the completeness of logic, the incompleteness of number theory, and the consistency of the axiom of choice and the continuum hypothesis. He is also noted for his work on constructivity, the decision problem, and the foundations of computation theory, as well as for the strong individuality of his writings on the philosophy of mathematics. Less well-known is his discovery of unusual cosmological models for (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   97 citations  
  28.  34
    The Deep Roots of Popular Sovereignty.Kurt W. Clausen - forthcoming - Journal of Thought.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  29. Veritism Unswamped.Kurt Sylvan - 2018 - Mind 127 (506):381-435.
    According to Veritism, true belief is the sole fundamental epistemic value. Epistemologists often take Veritism to entail that all other epistemic items can only have value by standing in certain instrumental relations—namely, by tending to produce a high ratio of true to false beliefs or by being products of sources with this tendency. Yet many value theorists outside epistemology deny that all derivative value is grounded in instrumental relations to fundamental value. Veritists, I believe, can and should follow suit. After (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   51 citations  
  30. Prime Time (for the Basing Relation).Kurt Sylvan & Errol Lord - 2020 - In J. Adam Carter & Patrick Bondy (eds.), Well Founded Belief: New Essays on the Epistemic Basing Relation.
    It is often assumed that believing that p for a normative reason consists in nothing more than (i) believing that p for a reason and (ii) that reason’s corresponding to a normative reason to believe that p, where (i) and (ii) are independent factors. This is the Composite View. In this paper, we argue against the Composite View on extensional and theoretical grounds. We advocate an alternative that we call the Prime View. On this view, believing for a normative reason (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   23 citations  
  31.  37
    The Object of Morality.Kurt Baier - 1973 - Philosophical Review 82 (2):269.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   46 citations  
  32. Responsibilism within Reason.Kurt Sylvan - forthcoming - In Christoph Kelp & John Greco (eds.), Virtue-Theoretic Epistemology: New Methods and Approaches. Cambridge, UK:
    According to ambitious responsibilism (AR), the virtues that are constitutive of epistemic responsibility should play a central and fundamental role in traditional projects like the analysis of justification and knowledge. While AR enjoyed a shining moment in the mid-1990s, it has fallen on hard times. Part of the reason is that many epistemologists—including fellow responsibilists—think it paints an unreasonably demanding picture of knowledge and justification. I agree that such worries undermine AR's existing versions. But I think the curtains have been (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  33.  5
    Zeit und Gott: Mythos und Logos der Zeit im Anschluss an Hegel und Schelling.Kurt Appel - 2008 - Paderborn: Schöningh.
    Revised habilitation - Universitèat, Wien.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  34.  8
    Aspekte von Karl Jaspers’ Vernunftphilosophie: Vernunft als Widerpart fundamentalistischer Denkhaltungen.Kurt Salamun - 2006 - In Konstantin Broese, Andreas Hütig, Oliver Immel & Renate Reschke (eds.), Vernunft der Aufklärung - Aufklärung der Vernunft. Akademie Verlag. pp. 279-288.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  35.  7
    Hannah Arendt: der Weg einer grossen Denkerin.Kurt Sontheimer - 2005 - München: Piper.
    Die berühmte Philosophin Hannah Arendt, deren Name heute in Deutschland Schulen, Straße, Institute und auch ICE-Züge tragen, wurde 1906 in Hannover als Kind einer jüdischen Familie geboren. Sie las Philosophie in Heidelberg bei Martin Heidegger, mit dem sie auch eine heimliche Liebesbeziehung verband. Nach der Flucht vor den Nazis 1933 über Frankreich in die USA wurde Arendt mit einem Schlag berühmt, als sie 1963 ihr Buch "Eichmann in Jerusalem" veröffentlichte. Sie machte sich über die Grundlagen politischen Handelns vor allem anhand (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  36. Knowledge as a Non‐Normative Relation.Kurt Sylvan - 2018 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 97 (1):190-222.
    According to a view I’ll call Epistemic Normativism, knowledge is normative in the same sense in which paradigmatically normative properties like justification are normative. This paper argues against EN in two stages and defends a positive non-normativist alternative. After clarifying the target in §1, I consider in §2 some arguments for EN from the premise that knowledge entails justification. I first raise some worries about inferring constitution from entailment. I then rehearse the reasons why some epistemologists reject the Entailment Thesis (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   25 citations  
  37.  4
    Friedrich Nietzsche: eine Studie zur Theorie der öffentlichen Meinung.Kurt Braatz - 1988 - New York: W. de Gruyter.
    In der Reihe werden herausragende monographische Interpretationen von Nietzsches Werk im Ganzen oder von spezifischen Themen und Aspekten aus unterschiedlichen wissenschaftlichen Perspektiven ver ffentlicht, vor allem aus philosophischer, literatur- und kommunikationswissenschaftlicher, soziologischer und historischer Sicht. Die Publikationen repr sentieren den aktuellen Stand. Jeder Band ist peer-reviewed.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  38. Epistemic Reasons I: Normativity.Kurt Sylvan - 2016 - Philosophy Compass 11 (7):364-376.
    This paper is an opinionated guide to the literature on normative epistemic reasons. After making some distinctions in §1, I begin in §2 by discussing the ontology of normative epistemic reasons, assessing arguments for and against the view that they are mental states, and concluding that they are not mental states. In §3, I examine the distinction between normative epistemic reasons there are and normative epistemic reasons we possess. I offer a novel account of this distinction and argue that we (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   40 citations  
  39.  5
    Das philosophische Denken im Mittelalter: von Augustin zu Machiavelli.Kurt Flasch - 1986 - Stuttgart: P. Reclam. Edited by Fiorella Retucci & Olaf Pluta.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  40.  2
    Die Rede der Diotima: Untersuchungen zum platonischen Symposion.Kurt Sier - 1997 - Stuttgart: B.G. Teubner.
  41.  7
    Psyche-Lokalisation-Gehirn bei Carus und Burdach.Kurt FereMutSch & Die Grundzüge der Hirnanatomie bei Carl - 2005 - In Katja Regenspurger & Temilo van Zantwijk (eds.), Wissenschaftliche Anthropologie um 1800? Stuttgart: Steiner.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  42.  3
    Omvänt perspektiv i bildkonst och kontrovers: en kritisk begreppshistoria från det gångna seklet.Kurt Wolmar Nyberg - 2001 - Uppsala: Uppsala universitet.
  43.  24
    Psychology: Theoretical-Historical Perspectives. R. W. Rieber, Kurt Salzinger.Kurt Danziger - 1982 - Isis 73 (2):302-303.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  44. Reasons: Wrong, Right, Normative, Fundamental.Kurt Sylvan & Errol Lord - 2019 - Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 15 (1).
    Reasons fundamentalists maintain that we can analyze all derivative normative properties in terms of normative reasons. These theorists famously encounter the Wrong Kind of Reasons problem, since not all reasons for reactions seem relevant for reasons-based analyses. Some have argued that this problem is a general one for many theorists, and claim that this lightens the burden for reasons fundamentalists. We argue in this paper that the reverse is true: the generality of the problem makes life harder for reasons fundamentalists. (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   16 citations  
  45. Epistemic Reasons II: Basing.Kurt Sylvan - 2016 - Philosophy Compass 11 (7):377-389.
    The paper is an opinionated tour of the literature on the reasons for which we hold beliefs and other doxastic attitudes, which I call ‘operative epistemic reasons’. After drawing some distinctions in §1, I begin in §2 by discussing the ontology of operative epistemic reasons, assessing arguments for and against the view that they are mental states. I recommend a pluralist non-mentalist view that takes seriously the variety of operative epistemic reasons ascriptions and allows these reasons to be both propositions (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   35 citations  
  46.  20
    Soil phage ecology: abundance, distribution, and interactions with bacterial hosts.Kurt E. Williamson - 2010 - In Günther Witzany (ed.), Biocommunication in Soil Microorganisms. Springer. pp. 113--136.
  47.  21
    The Project of an Experimental Social Psychology: Historical Perspectives.Kurt Danzier - 1992 - Science in Context 5 (2):309-328.
    The ArgumentThe notion that experimentation provides an appropriate means for acquiring valid knowledge about some aspects of social reality has always depended on certain presuppositions about the nature of social reality and about the role of expenment in knowledge acquisition. In this paper I examine historical changes in these presuppositions from the beginnings of social psychological experimentation to the period after World War II.It was late nineteenth-century crowd psychology that provided the theoretical inspiration fo the first systematic steps in the (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  48. Mind Perception is the Essence of Morality.Kurt Gray, Liane Young & Adam Waytz - 2012 - Psychological Inquiry 23 (2):101-124.
    Mind perception entails ascribing mental capacities to other entities, whereas moral judgment entails labeling entities as good or bad or actions as right or wrong. We suggest that mind perception is the essence of moral judgment. In particular, we suggest that moral judgment is rooted in a cognitive template of two perceived minds—a moral dyad of an intentional agent and a suffering moral patient. Diverse lines of research support dyadic morality. First, perceptions of mind are linked to moral judgments: dimensions (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   126 citations  
  49.  35
    The methodological imperative in psychology.Kurt Danziger - 1985 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 15 (1):1-13.
  50.  22
    Rule acquisition events in the discovery of problem‐solving strategies.Kurt VanLehn - 1991 - Cognitive Science 15 (1):1-47.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   39 citations  
1 — 50 / 1000