Results for 'Kristina Reiss'

811 found
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  1.  2
    Fachdidaktische Forschung und Empirische Bildungsforschung.Kristina Reiss - 2005 - In Heinz Mandl & Birgitta Kopp (eds.), Impulse Für Die Bildungsforschung: Stand Und Perspektivendokumentation Eines Expertengesprächs. Akademie Verlag. pp. 62-68.
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  2. Self-consciousness and intersubjectivity.Kristina Musholt - 2012 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 84 (1):63-89.
    This paper distinguishes between implicit self-related information and explicit self-representation and argues that the latter is required for self-consciousness. It is further argued that self-consciousness requires an awareness of other minds and that this awareness develops over the course of an increasingly complex perspectival differentiation, during which information about self and other that is implicit in early forms of social interaction becomes redescribed into an explicit format.
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  3.  3
    The 16 strivings for God: the new psychology of religious experiences.Steven Reiss - 2015 - Macon, Georgia: Mercer University Press.
    The first comprehensive, psychological theory in over a century--Reiss picks up where William James left off. This ground breaking work will change the way we understand religion. Religion is about the values motivated by the sixteen basic desires of human nature. It has mass appeal because it accommodates the values of people with opposite personality traits. This is the first comprehensive theory of the psychology of religion that can be scientifically verified.
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  4.  95
    Newspeak and Cyberspeak: The Haunting Ghosts of the Russian Past.Kristina Šekrst & Sandro Skansi - 2024 - In Chris Shei & James Schnell (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Language and Mind Engineering. Routledge.
    Cyberspeak, the language of cybernetics, or its metalanguage to be more precise, consists of words that are both explaining and describing human/animal and machine forms of control and communication, while in newspeak, words were value-laden, which means they had strong positive or negative connotations connected to their use. For example, a 'spy' could only be a foreign agent, while a Russian one was a 'patriot'. First, it will be shown how there are still remnants of cyberspeak in modern science, pinpointing (...)
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  5.  2
    Passive voices: on the subject of phenomenology and other figures of speech.Kristina Mendicino - 2023 - Albany: State University of New York Press.
    Addresses the question of how language affects the subject of speech through readings of confessional, philosophical, and fictional writings.
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  6.  57
    Causal Instrumental Variables and Interventions.Julian Reiss - 2005 - Philosophy of Science 72 (5):964-976.
    The aim of this paper is to introduce the instrumental variables technique to the discussion about causal inference in econometrics. I show that it may lead to causally incorrect conclusions unless some fairly strong causal background assumptions are made, assumptions which are usually left implicit by econometricians. These assumptions are very similar to, albeit not identical with, James Woodward's definition of an ‘intervention’. I discuss similarities and differences of the two points of view and argue that—understood as a practical method (...)
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  7.  8
    The discourse of modernism.Timothy J. Reiss - 1982 - Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
    On method, discursive logics, and epistemology -- Questions of medieval discursive practice -- From the middle ages to the (w)hole of Utopia -- Kepler, his Dream, and the analysis and pattern of thought -- Campanella and Bacon: concerning structures of mind -- The masculine birth of time -- Cyrano and the experimental discourse -- The myth of sun and moon -- The difficulty of writing -- Crusoe rights his story -- Gulliver's critique of Euclid -- Emergence, consolidation, and dominance of (...)
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  8. Kant’s Political Writings.Hans Reiss - 1970
  9.  6
    Looking at Mental Images: Eye‐Tracking Mental Simulation During Retrospective Causal Judgment.Kristina Krasich, Kevin O'Neill & Felipe De Brigard - 2024 - Cognitive Science 48 (3):e13426.
    How do people evaluate causal relationships? Do they just consider what actually happened, or do they also consider what could have counterfactually happened? Using eye tracking and Gaussian process modeling, we investigated how people mentally simulated past events to judge what caused the outcomes to occur. Participants played a virtual ball‐shooting game and then—while looking at a blank screen—mentally simulated (a) what actually happened, (b) what counterfactually could have happened, or (c) what caused the outcome to happen. Our findings showed (...)
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  10.  2
    La longue histoire de la matière: une complexité croissante depuis des milliards d'années.Jacques Reisse - 2006 - Paris: Presses universitaires de France.
    Cet ouvrage aurait pu s'intituler " matière et vie ". L'auteur nous guide sur le long chemin qui va des constituants élémentaires d'un jeune univers, dans lequel la vie est évidemment absente, jusqu'aux formes complexes de la matière. Il explique comment et pourquoi la matière se complexifie dans le coeur des étoiles de premières générations, dans la nébuleuse protosolaire, sur la jeune Terre envoie de différenciation, dans les premiers océans terrestres. Il décrit ce que l'on croit savoir, mais aussi passe (...)
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  11.  4
    Das Verhältnis von Mathematik und Technik bei Nikolaus von Kues.Ingo Reiss - 2016 - Berlin: Frank & Timme, Verlag für wissenschaftliche Literatur.
    Nikolaus von Kues, der große Philosoph und Theologe des 15. Jahrhunderts, hat sich auch mathematischen Problemen gewidmet. Vor allem die Frage nach der Möglichkeit der Quadratur des Kreises beschäftigte ihn. In seinen Lösungsansätzen spielt die Lehre vom Zusammenfall der Gegensätze eine entscheidende Rolle. In den vergangenen Jahren wurde Cusanus’ Technikverständnis an der Kueser Akademie für Europäische Geistesgeschichte intensiv erforscht. Im Ergebnis stellt Ingo Reiss in diesem Buch den cusanischen Zugang zu Mathematik und Technik und zu deren Wechselverhältnis vor.
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  12. PART II. Beyond Reciprocity: 5. Donations Inversed: Material Flows From Sangha to Laity in Post-Soviet Buryatia.Kristina Jonutytė - 2021 - In Christoph Brumann, Saskia Abrahms-Kavunenko & Beata Switek (eds.), Monks, money, and morality: the balancing act of contemporary Buddhism. New York: Bloomsbury Academic.
     
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  13.  9
    The Gradual Transition from the Non-Living to the Living.Jacques Reisse - 1991 - Diogenes 39 (155):53-65.
    The term “origin” is associated with a beginning, a debut, a birth. Expressions such as “the origin of life” or “the origin of man” suggest unique moments linked to remarkable phenomena. In the following pages, we will attempt to show that, since its birth, the universe has been undergoing a process of self-organization. The appearance of life on Earth represents one of the stages in this process.
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  14. A century of civilization, intelligence, and (white) nationalism : a reflection on Darwin's chapter 5. On the development of the intellectual and moral faculties during primeval and civilised times.Kristina Killgrove - 2021 - In Jeremy M. DeSilva (ed.), A most interesting problem: what Darwin's Descent of man got right and wrong about human evolution. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
  15.  2
    Naturalism, Internalism, and Nativism: The Legacy of The Sound Pattern of English.Charles Reiss & Veno Volenec - 2021 - In Nicholas Allott, Terje Lohndal & Georges Rey (eds.), A Companion to Chomsky. Wiley. pp. 96–108.
    Phonology is the study of abstract sound patterns in human language, as opposed to phonetics, which studies all aspects of speech, including articulation and acoustics. The phonology of each language consists of various computations. In Sound Pattern of English (SPE) the computations are called rules, and the phonology of a language is a complex function resulting from composing the rules in a particular order. Aside from internalism, naturalism and nativism are the most important notions of Chomsky's legacy in linguistics. SPE (...)
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  16. Theory and evidence in economics.Julian Reiss - 2019 - In Maria Lasonen-Aarnio & Clayton Littlejohn (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of the Philosophy of Evidence. Routledge.
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  17.  28
    Denying the Body? Memory and the Dilemmas of History in Descartes.Timothy J. Reiss - 1996 - Journal of the History of Ideas 57 (4):587-607.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Denying the Body? Memory and the Dilemmas of History in DescartesTimothy J. ReissIn an essay first published in The New York Review of Books in January 1983, touching her apprenticeship as writer, the Barbadian /American novelist Paule Marshall described the long afternoon conversations with which her mother and friends used to relax in the family kitchen. She recalled how they saw things as composed of opposites; not torn, but (...)
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  18.  25
    Big ideas in education: Quantum mechanics and education paradigms.Kristina Turner - 2020 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 53 (6):578-587.
    Current education paradigms were informed by the classical Newtonian worldview of brain functioning in which the mind is simply the physical activity of the brain, and our thoughts cannot have any effect upon the physical world. However, researchers in the field of quantum mechanics found that the outcomes of certain subatomic experiments are determined by the consciousness of the observer, leading philosophers to propose that the observed and the observer are linked. Quantum mechanics also demonstrates that distant minds may behave (...)
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  19.  10
    The Relationship Between Socioeconomic Status and Brain Volume in Children and Adolescents With Prenatal Alcohol Exposure.Kristina A. Uban, Eric Kan, Jeffrey R. Wozniak, Sarah N. Mattson, Claire D. Coles & Elizabeth R. Sowell - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
  20.  3
    Ethikbegründungen zwischen Universalismus und Relativismus.Kristina Engelhard & Dietmar Hermann Heidemann (eds.) - 2005 - De Gruyter.
    Das seit einigen Jahren wachsende Interesse an Fragen der philosophischen Ethik scheint ungebrochen. Dabei ergeben sich durch die Auseinandersetzungen mit den unterschiedlichen Formen und Konzepten der Moralphilosophie Spannungen, aus denen ein heute kaum noch überschaubarer Pluralismus der Ethiken hervorgegangen ist. Dieser Pluralismus lässt sich jedoch im wesentlichen auf zwei unterschiedliche Begründungskonzepte zurückführen: Universalismus und Relativismus. Der von Heidemann und Engelhard vorgelegte Band untersucht die beiden Konzepte sowohl in philosophiegeschichtlicher als auch in systematischer Hinsicht. Pluspunkte umfassendes Kompendium geeignet als Einführung in (...)
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  21.  9
    Reading and Writing Experimental Texts: Critical Innovations.Kristina Quynn & Robin Silbergleid (eds.) - 2017 - Cham: Imprint: Palgrave Macmillan.
    This collection of essays offers twelve innovative approaches to contemporary literary criticism. The contributors, women scholars who range from undergraduate students to contingent faculty to endowed chairs, stage a critical dialogue that raises vital questions about the aims and forms of criticism- its discourses and politics, as well as the personal, institutional, and economic conditions of its production. Offering compelling feminist and queer readings of avant-garde twentieth- and twenty-first-century texts, the essays included here are playful, performative, and theoretically savvy. Written (...)
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  22.  47
    Ethical and legal challenges of informed consent applying artificial intelligence in medical diagnostic consultations.Kristina Astromskė, Eimantas Peičius & Paulius Astromskis - forthcoming - AI and Society.
    This paper inquiries into the complex issue of informed consent applying artificial intelligence in medical diagnostic consultations. The aim is to expose the main ethical and legal concerns of the New Health phenomenon, powered by intelligent machines. To achieve this objective, the first part of the paper analyzes ethical aspects of the alleged right to explanation, privacy, and informed consent, applying artificial intelligence in medical diagnostic consultations. This analysis is followed by a legal analysis of the limits and requirements for (...)
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  23.  12
    The new biology: a battle between mechanism and organicism.Michael J. Reiss - 2023 - London, England: Harvard University Press. Edited by Michael Ruse.
    In this accessible guide, science educator Michael J. Reiss and philosopher Michael Ruse argue that organicism-rather than mechanism-is the best way to understand the nature of life, and detail the resulting implications for biology, philosophy, education, and policy.
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  24.  8
    ‘Vulnerable Monsters’: Constructions of Dementia in the Australian Royal Commission into Aged Care.Kristina Chelberg - 2023 - International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 36 (4):1557-1580.
    This paper argues that while regulatory frameworks in aged care authorise restraints to protect vulnerable persons living with dementia from harm, they also serve as normalising practices to control challenging monstrous Others. This argument emerges out of an observed unease in aged care discourse where older people living with dementia are described as ‘vulnerable’, while dementia behaviours are described as ‘challenging’. Using narrative analysis on a case study from the Final Report of the Australian Royal Commission into Aged Care Quality (...)
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  25.  16
    Variability, gnostic units and N2.Kristina T. Ciesielski - 1990 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 13 (2):236-237.
  26.  3
    Kants politisches Denken.Hans Reiss - 1977 - Las Vegas: Lang.
    Diese Studie enthält eine Analyse der Grundprinzipien von Kants politischem Denken, dessen Ursprung als Ausdruck und Kritik seiner Zeit, besonders der Aufklärung, gesehen wird. Die Entwicklung von Kants politischem Denken aus seiner Erkenntnisphilosophie und seiner Ethik, wie auch in Verbindung mit seiner Geschichtsphilosophie, wird geschildert. Abschliessend grenzt der Verfasser Kants politische Philosophie ab, indem er sie mit den politischen Anschauungen bedeutender Vorgänger, wie Hobbes, Locke, Hume und Rousseau, vergleicht.
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  27. Political experts, expertise, and expert judgment.Julian Reiss - 2023 - In Harold Kincaid & Jeroen van Bouwel (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Political Science. New York: Oxford University Press.
  28.  96
    Thinking about oneself.Kristina Musholt - 2015 - London, England: MIT Press.
    In this book, Kristina Musholt offers a novel theory of self-consciousness, understood as the ability to think about oneself. Traditionally, self-consciousness has been central to many philosophical theories. More recently, it has become the focus of empirical investigation in psychology and neuroscience. Musholt draws both on philosophical considerations and on insights from the empirical sciences to offer a new account of self-consciousness—the ability to think about ourselves that is at the core of what makes us human. -/- Examining theories (...)
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  29.  15
    Understanding Advance Directives as a Component of Advance Care Planning.Kristina Celeste Fong & Winston Chiong - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (8):67-69.
    Volume 20, Issue 8, August 2020, Page 67-69.
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  30.  10
    ‘Recognizing’ Human Rights: an Argument for the Applicability of Recognition Theory Within the Sociology of Human Rights.Reiss Kruger - 2021 - Human Rights Review 22 (4):501-519.
    Beginning with Margaret Somers and Christopher Roberts’ review of the sociology of human rights and Bryan Turner and Malcolm Waters’ debate therein, the author presents some of the questions which have been so far been the focus of this sociological sub-discipline. This review raises the question of ‘rights’ as a subject of study, and the normative consequences therein. From here, the author introduces recognition theory as a potential participant in these discussions around human rights. The author traces recognition theory from (...)
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  31.  1
    Excerpt from "Various Women in the Form of a Rose:".Kristina McGrath - 1978 - Feminist Studies 4 (2):142.
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  32.  5
    Veni, Legi, Scripsi: On Writing in the Elementary Latin Sequence.Kristina A. Meinking - 2017 - Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 110 (4):545-565.
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  33. Hubert Dreyfus on Practical and Embodied Intelligence.Kristina Gehrman & John Schwenkler - 2020 - In Ellen Fridland & Carlotta Pavese (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Skill and Expertise. New York, NY: Routledge. pp. 123-132.
    This chapter treats Hubert Dreyfus’ account of skilled coping as part of his wider project of demonstrating the sovereignty of practical intelligence over all other forms of intelligence. In contrast to the standard picture of human beings as essentially rational, individual agents, Dreyfus argued powerfully on phenomenological and empirical grounds that humans are fundamentally embedded, absorbed, and embodied. These commitments are present throughout Dreyfus’ philosophical writings, from his critique of Artificial Intelligence research in the 1970s and 1980s to his rejection (...)
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  34.  41
    Idiom Variation: Experimental Data and a Blueprint of a Computational Model.Kristina Geeraert, John Newman & R. Harald Baayen - 2017 - Topics in Cognitive Science 9 (3):653-669.
    Corpus surveys have shown that the exact forms with which idioms are realized are subject to variation. We report a rating experiment showing that such alternative realizations have varying degrees of acceptability. Idiom variation challenges processing theories associating idioms with fixed multi-word form units, fixed configurations of words, or fixed superlemmas, as they do not explain how it can be that speakers produce variant forms that listeners can still make sense of. A computational model simulating comprehension with naive discriminative learning (...)
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  35.  15
    What’s the Risk? Fearful Individuals Generally Overestimate Negative Outcomes and They Dread Outcomes of Specific Events.Kristina M. Hengen & Georg W. Alpers - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  36.  7
    Vymedzenie kozmopolitizmu V súčasnej sociálnej a politickej filozofii.Kristína Šabíková - 2011 - Filozofia 66 (5).
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  37.  27
    Their view: difficulties and challenges of patients and physicians in cross-cultural encounters and a medical ethics perspective.Kristina Würth, Wolf Langewitz, Stella Reiter-Theil & Sylvie Schuster - 2018 - BMC Medical Ethics 19 (1):70.
    In todays’ super-diverse societies, communication and interaction in clinical encounters are increasingly shaped by linguistic, cultural, social and ethnic complexities. It is crucial to better understand the difficulties patients with migration background and healthcare professionals experience in their shared clinical encounters and to explore ethical aspects involved. We accompanied 32 migrant patients during their medical encounters at two outpatient clinics using an ethnographic approach. Overall, data of 34 interviews with patients and physicians on how they perceived their encounter and which (...)
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  38.  58
    Intensionality and propositionalism.Kristina Liefke - forthcoming - Annual Review of Linguistics:4.1-4.21.
    Propositionalism is the view that all intensional constructions (including nominal and clausal attitude reports) can be interpreted as relations to truth-evaluable propositional content. While propositionalism has long been silently assumed in semantics and the philosophy of language, it has only recently entered center stage in linguistic research. This article surveys the properties of intensional constructions, which require the introduction of fine-grained semantic values (intensions). It contrasts two ways of obtaining such values: through the introduction of either Russellian propositions or Frege-Church-style (...)
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  39.  86
    Foundations of cooperation in young children.Kristina R. Olson & Elizabeth S. Spelke - 2008 - Cognition 108 (1):222-231.
  40. Values in Science: The Case of Scientific Collaboration.Kristina Rolin - 2015 - Philosophy of Science 82 (2):157-177.
    Much of the literature on values in science is limited in its perspective because it focuses on the role of values in individual scientists’ decision making, thereby ignoring the context of scientific collaboration. I examine the epistemic structure of scientific collaboration and argue that it gives rise to two arguments showing that moral and social values can legitimately play a role in scientists’ decision to accept something as scientific knowledge. In the case of scientific collaboration some moral and social values (...)
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  41.  12
    Fizinio skausmo sukėlimo nustatymo ir BK 140 straipsnyje numatyto nusikaltimo pripažinimo mažareikšmiu probleminiai aspektai.Kristina Grinevičiūtė - 2014 - Jurisprudencija: Mokslo darbu žurnalas 21 (2):599-614.
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  42.  7
    Music as a Modus of Accomplishing Epochē: Four Theses on Musical Phenomenology.Kristina Yapova - 2020 - Philosophy Study 10 (12).
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  43.  10
    The Relation between Music and Philosophy: Three Retrospects/Perspectives.Kristina Yapova - 2017 - Philosophy Study 7 (10).
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  44.  91
    Inductive metaphysics: Editors' introduction.Kristina Engelhard, Christian J. Feldbacher-Escamilla, Alexander Gebharter & Ansgar Seide - 2021 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 98 (1):1-26.
    This introduction consists of two parts. In the first part, the special issue editors introduce inductive metaphysics from a historical as well as from a systematic point of view and discuss what distinguishes it from other modern approaches to metaphysics. In the second part, they give a brief summary of the individual articles in this special issue.
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  45.  24
    Consumer Response to Unethical Corporate Behavior: A Re-Examination and Extension of the Moral Decoupling Model.Kristina Haberstroh, Ulrich R. Orth, Stefan Hoffmann & Berit Brunk - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 140 (1):161-173.
    This research replicates Bhattacharjee et al. :1167–1184, 2013) moral decoupling model and extends the original along the dimensions of theory, method, and context. Adopting a branding perspective and focusing on the corporate domain rather than the public figures investigated by Bhattacharjee and colleagues, this research examines the proposition that consumers dissociate judgments of morality from judgments of performance to justify purchasing from companies deemed to act immorally. The original study is further extended by applying the model in a different cultural (...)
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  46.  28
    Political liberalism and religious claims: Four blind spots.Kristina Stoeckl - 2017 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 43 (1):34-50.
    This article gives an overview of 4 important lacunae in political liberalism and identifies, in a preliminary fashion, some trends in the literature that can come in for support in filling these blind spots, which prevent political liberalism from a correct assessment of the diverse nature of religious claims. Political liberalism operates with implicit assumptions about religious actors being either ‘liberal’ or ‘fundamentalist’ and ignores a third, in-between group, namely traditionalist religious actors and their claims. After having explained what makes (...)
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  47.  20
    Handbook of Potentiality.Kristina Engelhard & Michael Quante (eds.) - 2018 - Dordrecht: Springer.
    This volume congregates articles of leading philosophers about potentials and potentiality in all areas of philosophy and the empirical sciences in which they play a relevant role. It is the first encompassing collection of articles on the metaphysics of potentials and potentiality.
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  48. Intertheoretic Reduction, Confirmation, and Montague’s Syntax-Semantics Relation.Kristina Liefke & Stephan Hartmann - 2018 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 27 (4):313-341.
    Intertheoretic relations are an important topic in the philosophy of science. However, since their classical discussion by Ernest Nagel, such relations have mostly been restricted to relations between pairs of theories in the natural sciences. This paper presents a case study of a new type of intertheoretic relation that is inspired by Montague’s analysis of the linguistic syntax-semantics relation. The paper develops a simple model of this relation. To motivate the adoption of our new model, we show that this model (...)
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  49. Values, standpoints, and scientific/intellectual movements.Kristina Rolin - 2016 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 56:11-19.
  50.  27
    Getting to the Truth: Ethics, Trust, and Triage in the United States versus Europe during the Covid‐19 Pandemic.Kristina Orfali - 2021 - Hastings Center Report 51 (1):16-22.
    Ethical issues around triage have been at the forefront of debates during the Covid‐19 pandemic. This essay compares both discussion and guidelines around triage and the reality of what happened in the United States and in Europe, both in anticipation of and during the first wave of the pandemic. Why did the issue generate so many vivid debates in the United States and so few in most European countries, although the latter were also affected by the rationing of health care (...)
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