Results for 'Krahmer Emiel'

45 found
Order:
  1. Computational Generation of Referring Expressions: A Survey.Emiel Krahmer & Kees van Deemter - unknown
    This article offers a survey of computational research on referring expressions generation (REG). It introduces the REG problem and describes early work in this area, discussing what basic assumptions lie behind it, and showing how its remit has widened in recent years. We discuss computational frameworks underlying REG, and demonstrate a recent trend that seeks to link up REG algorithms with well-established Knowledge Representation traditions. Considerable attention is given to recent efforts at evaluating REG algorithms and the lessons that they (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   21 citations  
  2. Is It That Difficult to Find a Good Preference Order for the Incremental Algorithm?Emiel Krahmer, Ruud Koolen & Mariët Theune - 2012 - Cognitive Science 36 (5):837-841.
    In a recent article published in this journal (van Deemter, Gatt, van der Sluis, & Power, 2012), the authors criticize the Incremental Algorithm (a well-known algorithm for the generation of referring expressions due to Dale & Reiter, 1995, also in this journal) because of its strong reliance on a pre-determined, domain-dependent Preference Order. The authors argue that there are potentially many different Preference Orders that could be considered, while often no evidence is available to determine which is a good one. (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  3. Alignment in Interactive Reference Production: Content Planning, Modifier Ordering, and Referential Overspecification.Martijn Goudbeek & Emiel Krahmer - 2012 - Topics in Cognitive Science 4 (2):269-289.
    Psycholinguistic studies often look at the production of referring expressions in interactive settings, but so far few referring expression generation algorithms have been developed that are sensitive to earlier references in an interaction. Rather, such algorithms tend to rely on domain-dependent preferences for both content selection and linguistic realization. We present three experiments showing that humans may opt for dispreferred attributes and dispreferred modifier orderings when these were primed in a preceding interaction (without speakers being consciously aware of this). In (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  4. A Partial Account of Presupposition Projection.David Beaver & Emiel Krahmer - 2001 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 10 (2):147-182.
    In this paper it is shown how a partial semantics for presuppositions can be given which is empirically more satisfactory than its predecessors, and how this semantics can be integrated with a technically sound, compositional grammar in the Montagovian fashion. Additionally, it is argued that the classical objection to partial accounts of presupposition projection, namely that they lack “flexibility,” is based on a misconception. Partial logics can give rise to flexible predictions without postulating any ad hoc ambiguities. Finally, it is (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   40 citations  
  5.  34
    Talking About Relations: Factors Influencing the Production of Relational Descriptions.Adriana Baltaretu, Emiel J. Krahmer, Carel van Wijk & Alfons Maes - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  6.  55
    How Distractor Objects Trigger Referential Overspecification: Testing the Effects of Visual Clutter and Distractor Distance.Ruud Koolen, Emiel Krahmer & Marc Swerts - 2016 - Cognitive Science 40 (7):1617-1647.
    In two experiments, we investigate to what extent various visual saliency cues in realistic visual scenes cause speakers to overspecify their definite object descriptions with a redundant color attribute. The results of the first experiment demonstrate that speakers are more likely to redundantly mention color when visual clutter is present in a scene as compared to when this is not the case. In the second experiment, we found that distractor type and distractor color affect redundant color use: Speakers are most (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  7.  82
    The Effect of Scene Variation on the Redundant Use of Color in Definite Reference.Ruud Koolen, Martijn Goudbeek & Emiel Krahmer - 2013 - Cognitive Science 37 (2):395-411.
    This study investigates to what extent the amount of variation in a visual scene causes speakers to mention the attribute color in their definite target descriptions, focusing on scenes in which this attribute is not needed for identification of the target. The results of our three experiments show that speakers are more likely to redundantly include a color attribute when the scene variation is high as compared with when this variation is low (even if this leads to overspecified descriptions). We (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  8.  37
    Presupposition and Partiality: Back to the Future.David Beaver & Emiel Krahmer - 1998 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 10 (2):147-182.
    In this paper it is shown how a partial semantics for presuppositions can be given which is empirically more satisfactory than its predecessors, and how this semantics can be integrated with a technically sound, compositional grammar in the Montagovian fashion. Additionally, it is argued that the classical objection to partial accounts of presupposition projection, namely that they lack “flexibility,” is based on a misconception. Partial logics can give rise to flexible predictions without postulating any ad hoc ambiguities. Finally, it is (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  9. Communicative Gestures and Memory Load.Lisette Mol, Emiel Krahmer, Alfons Maes & Marc Swerts - 2009 - In N. A. Taatgen & H. van Rijn (eds.), Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society.
  10.  83
    Description Theory, LTAGs and Underspecified Semantics.Reinhard Muskens & Emiel Krahmer - 1998 - In Anne Abeillé, Tilman Becker, Giorgio Satta & K. Vijay-Shanker (eds.), Fourth International Workshop on Tree Adjoining Grammars and Related Frameworks. Philadelphia, PA: Institute for Research in Cognitive Science. pp. 112-115.
    An attractive way to model the relation between an underspecified syntactic representation and its completions is to let the underspecified representation correspond to a logical description and the completions to the models of that description. This approach, which underlies the Description Theory of Marcus et al. 1983 has been integrated in Vijay-Shanker 1992 with a pure unification approach to Lexicalized Tree-Adjoining Grammars (Joshi et al. 1975, Schabes 1990). We generalize Description Theory by integrating semantic information, that is, we propose to (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  11.  50
    How Cognitive Load Influences Speakers' Choice of Referring Expressions.Jorrig Vogels, Emiel Krahmer & Alfons Maes - 2015 - Cognitive Science 39 (6):1396-1418.
    We report on two experiments investigating the effect of an increased cognitive load for speakers on the choice of referring expressions. Speakers produced story continuations to addressees, in which they referred to characters that were either salient or non-salient in the discourse. In Experiment 1, referents that were salient for the speaker were non-salient for the addressee, and vice versa. In Experiment 2, all discourse information was shared between speaker and addressee. Cognitive load was manipulated by the presence or absence (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  12.  15
    The Effect of Interaction Topic and Social Ties on Media Choice and the Role of Four Underlying Mechanisms.Daniëlle N. M. Bleize, Emiel J. Krahmer, Alexander P. Schouten, Marjolijn L. Antheunis & Emmelyn A. J. Croes - 2018 - Communications 43 (1):47-73.
    This study employed a scenario-based approach whereby participants were asked to choose which communication channel they prefer in certain situations. The first aim was to determine the effect of the topic of interactions and social ties on channel choice. The second aim was to examine the underlying mechanisms in the relation between interaction topic and social ties and channel choice. A questionnaire was administered among 238 participants, who were presented five communication scenarios with topics of low and high intimacy and (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  13.  45
    Developmental Changes in Children’s Processing of Redundant Modifiers in Definite Object Descriptions.Ruud Koolen, Emiel Krahmer & Marc Swerts - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  14.  38
    Editorial: Models of Reference.Kees van Deemter, Emiel Krahmer, Albert Gatt & Roger P. G. van Gompel - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  15.  33
    Children’s Spontaneous Emotional Expressions While Receiving Wanted Prizes in the Presence of Peers.Mandy Visser, Emiel Krahmer & Marc Swerts - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  16.  49
    Imposing Cognitive Constraints on Reference Production: The Interplay Between Speech and Gesture During Grounding.Ingrid Masson-Carro, Martijn Goudbeek & Emiel Krahmer - 2016 - Topics in Cognitive Science 8 (4):819-836.
    Past research has sought to elucidate how speakers and addressees establish common ground in conversation, yet few studies have focused on how visual cues such as co-speech gestures contribute to this process. Likewise, the effect of cognitive constraints on multimodal grounding remains to be established. This study addresses the relationship between the verbal and gestural modalities during grounding in referential communication. We report data from a collaborative task where repeated references were elicited, and a time constraint was imposed to increase (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  17. Toward a Computational Psycholinguistics of Reference Production.Kees van Deemter, Albert Gatt, Roger P. G. van Gompel & Emiel Krahmer - 2012 - Topics in Cognitive Science 4 (2):166-183.
    This article introduces the topic ‘‘Production of Referring Expressions: Bridging the Gap between Computational and Empirical Approaches to Reference’’ of the journal Topics in Cognitive Science. We argue that computational and psycholinguistic approaches to reference production can benefit from closer interaction, and that this is likely to result in the construction of algorithms that differ markedly from the ones currently known in the computational literature. We focus particularly on determinism, the feature of existing algorithms that is perhaps most clearly at (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  18.  10
    Conceptualization in Reference Production: Probabilistic Modeling and Experimental Testing.Roger P. G. van Gompel, Kees van Deemter, Albert Gatt, Rick Snoeren & Emiel J. Krahmer - 2019 - Psychological Review 126 (3):345-373.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  19. Child-Robot Interactions for Second Language Tutoring to Preschool Children.Paul Vogt, Mirjam de Haas, Chiara de Jong, Peta Baxter & Emiel Krahmer - 2017 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 11.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  20.  31
    Color in Reference Production: The Role of Color Similarity and Color Codability.Jette Viethen, Thomas Vessem, Martijn Goudbeek & Emiel Krahmer - 2017 - Cognitive Science 41 (S6).
    It has often been observed that color is a highly preferred attribute for use in distinguishing descriptions, that is, referring expressions produced with the purpose of identifying an object within a visual scene. However, most of these observations were based on visual displays containing only colors that were maximally different in hue and for which the language of experimentation possessed basic color terms. The experiments described in this paper investigate whether speakers’ preference for color is reduced if the color of (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  21.  28
    Production and Comprehension of Pantomimes Used to Depict Objects.Karin van Nispen, W. Mieke E. van de Sandt-Koenderman & Emiel Krahmer - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  22. Color in Reference Production: The Role of Color Similarity and Color Codability.Jette Viethen, Thomas van Vessem, Martijn Goudbeek & Emiel Krahmer - 2017 - Cognitive Science 41:1493-1514.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  23.  35
    Reference Production as Search: The Impact of Domain Size on the Production of Distinguishing Descriptions.Gatt Albert, Krahmer Emiel, van Deemter Kees & P. G. van Gompel Roger - 2017 - Cognitive Science 41 (S6):1459-1492.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  24.  32
    Automatic Imitation of Pro- and Antisocial Gestures: Is Implicit Social Behavior Censored?Emiel Cracco, Oliver Genschow, Ina Radkova & Marcel Brass - 2018 - Cognition 170 (C):179-189.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  25.  9
    Reaction Time Indices of Automatic Imitation Measure Imitative Response Tendencies.Emiel Cracco & Marcel Brass - 2019 - Consciousness and Cognition 68:115-118.
  26.  1
    Wissen im Entwurf.Benjamin Meyer-Krahmer - 2012 - NTM Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Wissenschaften, Technik und Medizin 20 (4):337-345.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  27. Remarks to the Hittite Dictionary From Chicago-CHD S/2.Susanne Heinhold-Krahmer - 2008 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 128 (1):113-119.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  28. Die franzosische Nietzsche-Ausgabe und das Nietzsche-Archiv.C. Krahmer - 1999 - Nietzsche Studien 28:270-301.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  29.  16
    Lettres de Charles de Coux à l'abbé de Haerne (1831-1832): l'école mennaisienne et la Belgique.Emiel Lamberts & Gaston Braive - 1971 - Revue D’Histoire Ecclésiastique 66:887-928.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  30.  1
    Motor Simulation of Multiple Observed Actions.Emiel Cracco & Marcel Brass - 2018 - Cognition 180 (C):200-205.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  31. Naming God Today.Herman-Emiel Mertens & Lieven Boeve (eds.) - 1994 - Uitgeverij Peeters.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  32. A Direct Test of the Similarity Assumption — Focusing on Differences as Compared with Similarities Decreases Automatic Imitation.Oliver Genschow, Emiel Cracco, Pieter Verbeke, Mareike Westfal & Jan Crusius - 2021 - Cognition 215 (C):104824.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  33.  13
    Probleme der Textdatierung in der Hethitologie. Beiträge zu umstrittenen Datierungskriterien für Texte des 15. bis 13. Jahrhunderts v. ChrProbleme der Textdatierung in der Hethitologie. Beitrage zu umstrittenen Datierungskriterien fur Texte des 15. bis 13. Jahrhunderts v. Chr. [REVIEW]H. Craig Melchert, S. Heinhold-Krahmer, I. Hoffmann, A. Kammenhuber & G. Mauer - 1982 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 102 (1):176.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  34.  49
    ESG Integration and the Investment Management Process: Fundamental Investing Reinvented.Emiel van Duuren, Auke Plantinga & Bert Scholtens - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 138 (3):525-533.
    We investigate how conventional asset managers account for environmental, social, and governance factors in their investment process. We do so on the basis of an international survey among fund managers. We find that many conventional managers integrate responsible investing in their investment process. Furthermore, we find that ESG information in particular is being used for red flagging and to manage risk. We find that many conventional fund managers have already adopted features of responsible investing in the investment process. Furthermore, we (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  35.  76
    Assessing the Incremental Algorithm: A Response to Krahmer Et Al.Kees van Deemter, Albert Gatt, Ielka van der Sluis & Richard Power - 2012 - Cognitive Science 36 (5):842-845.
    This response discusses the experiment reported in Krahmer et al.’s Letter to the Editor of Cognitive Science. We observe that their results do not tell us whether the Incremental Algorithm is better or worse than its competitors, and we speculate about implications for reference in complex domains, and for learning from ‘‘normal” (i.e., non-semantically-balanced) corpora.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  36.  24
    ESG Integration and the Investment Management Process: Fundamental Investing Reinvented.Bert Scholtens, Auke Plantinga & Emiel Duuren - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 138 (3):525-533.
    We investigate how conventional asset managers account for environmental, social, and governance factors in their investment process. We do so on the basis of an international survey among fund managers. We find that many conventional managers integrate responsible investing in their investment process. Furthermore, we find that ESG information in particular is being used for red flagging and to manage risk. We find that many conventional fund managers have already adopted features of responsible investing in the investment process. Furthermore, we (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  37.  76
    A Young Scientists’ Perspective on DBS: A Plea for an International DBS Organization.Rowan P. Sommers, Roy Dings, Koen I. Neijenhuijs, Hannah Andringa, Sebastian Arts, Daphne van de Bult, Laura Klockenbusch, Emiel Wanningen, Leon C. de Bruin & Pim F. G. Haselager - 2015 - Neuroethics 8 (2):187-190.
    Our think tank tasked by the Dutch Health Council, consisting of Radboud University Nijmegen Honours Academy students with various backgrounds, investigated the implications of Deep Brain Stimulation for psychiatric patients. During this investigation, a number of methodological, ethical and societal difficulties were identified. We consider these difficulties to be a reflection of a still fragmented field of research that can be overcome with improved organization and communication. To this effect, we suggest that it would be useful to found a centralized (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  38. Speculum divinorum et quorundam naturalium. Parts VI-VII : On the Unity of Intellect. On the Platonic Doctrine of the Ideas.Henricus Bate, Carlos Steel & Emiel Van de Vyver - 1996 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 58 (2):377-378.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  39.  35
    The Effectiveness of Nurse‐Led Telemonitoring of Asthma: Results of a Randomized Controlled Trial.Danille C. M. Willems, Manuela A. Joore, Johannes J. E. Hendriks, Fred H. M. Nieman, Johan L. Severens & Emiel F. M. Wouters - 2008 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 14 (4):600-609.
  40.  45
    A Young Scientists’ Perspective on DBS: A Plea for an International DBS Organization.Pim Haselager, Leon Bruin, Emiel Wanningen, Laura Klockenbusch, Daphne Bult, Sebastian Arts, Hannah Andringa, Koen Neijenhuijs, Roy Dings & Rowan Sommers - 2015 - Neuroethics 8 (2):187-190.
    Our think tank tasked by the Dutch Health Council, consisting of Radboud University Nijmegen Honours Academy students with various backgrounds, investigated the implications of Deep Brain Stimulation for psychiatric patients. During this investigation, a number of methodological, ethical and societal difficulties were identified. We consider these difficulties to be a reflection of a still fragmented field of research that can be overcome with improved organization and communication. To this effect, we suggest that it would be useful to found a centralized (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  41.  19
    Boekbesprekingen.P. C. Beentjes, Theo de Kruijf, Herman-Emiel Mertens, Th Bell, Paul van Geest, Johan Ardui, Martin Parmentier, Toon Brekelmans, A. H. C. van Eijk, Geert van Dartel, A. Meijers, Erik Sengers, Carlo Leget, Ben Vedder, H. J. Adriaanse, M. Parmentier & Joke Maex - 2001 - Bijdragen 62 (3):342-365.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  42.  1
    Public Views of the Smart City: Towards the Construction of a Social Problem.Liesbet van Zoonen, Els M. Leclercq & Emiel A. Rijshouwer - 2022 - Big Data and Society 9 (1).
    Digitization and datafication of public space have a significant impact on how cities are developed, governed, perceived and used. As technological developments are based upon political decisions, which impact people’s everyday lives, and from which not everyone benefits or suffers equally, we argue that ‘the smart city’ should be part of continuous public debate; that it should be considered and treated as a social problem. Through nine focus groups, we invited respondents to explore and discuss instances and dilemmas of the (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  43. The Meaning of "Darn It!".Luc Bovens & Wlodek Rabinowicz - 2015 - In Iwao Hirose & Andrew Reisner (eds.), Weighing and Reasoning: Themes from the Philosophy of John Broome. Oxford University Press. pp. 129-39.
    In decision-theory, the notion of regret enters into the minimax decision-rule and has a determinate usage in this context. However, there are many alternative ways of conceiving of regret. The chapter constructs the einmalist- nicht-keinmal ('once is not never') game, in which a single sampling radically changes the expected value of the game in a way that is quite counterintuitive, as the basis for studying regret after a loss following the choice of an uncertain action. Crucially, the very loss affects (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  44.  29
    Some Remarks on Certain Trivalent Accounts of Presupposition Projection.Benjamin R. George - 2014 - Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics 24 (1-2):86-117.
    This paper discusses some formal properties of trivalent approaches to presupposition projection, and in particular of the middle Kleene system of Peters (1977) and Krahmer (1998). After exploring the relationship between trivalent truth-functional accounts and dynamic accounts in the tradition of Heim (1983), I show how the middle Kleene trivalent account can be formulated in a way which shows that it meets the explanatory challenge of Schlenker (2006, 2008a,b), and provide some results relating to the application of the middle (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  45.  21
    On the Date of John of Gaza.Alan Cameron - 1993 - Classical Quarterly 43 (01):348-.
    According to a marginal lemma in the only manuscript that carries the poem , the painting of the world described in a well-known ecphrasis by John of Gaza was situated in the winter baths of Gaza. According to the standard edition of John's poem by P. Friedlaender, these are the baths Choricius of Gaza refers to as in course of construction at Gaza in A.D. 535 or 536. If so, then both the painting and John's poem would have to be (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark