Results for 'Klaas E. Stephan'

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  1. Free-Energy and the Brain.Karl J. Friston & Klaas E. Stephan - 2007 - Synthese 159 (3):417 - 458.
    If one formulates Helmholtz's ideas about perception in terms of modern-day theories one arrives at a model of perceptual inference and learning that can explain a remarkable range of neurobiological facts. Using constructs from statistical physics it can be shown that the problems of inferring what cause our sensory inputs and learning causal regularities in the sensorium can be resolved using exactly the same principles. Furthermore, inference and learning can proceed in a biologically plausible fashion. The ensuing scheme rests on (...)
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  2.  29
    Uncertainty in Perception and the Hierarchical Gaussian Filter.Christoph D. Mathys, Ekaterina I. Lomakina, Jean Daunizeau, Sandra Iglesias, Kay H. Brodersen, Karl J. Friston & Klaas E. Stephan - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  3.  30
    A Bayesian Perspective on Magnitude Estimation.Frederike H. Petzschner, Stefan Glasauer & Klaas E. Stephan - 2015 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 19 (5):285-293.
  4.  16
    Learning What to See in a Changing World.Katharina Schmack, Veith Weilnhammer, Jakob Heinzle, Klaas E. Stephan & Philipp Sterzer - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
  5.  37
    A Model-Based Analysis of Impulsivity Using a Slot-Machine Gambling Paradigm.Saee Paliwal, Frederike H. Petzschner, Anna Katharina Schmitz, Marc Tittgemeyer & Klaas E. Stephan - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  6.  22
    Free-Energy and the Brain.Karl Friston & Klaas Stephan - 2007 - Synthese 159 (3):417-458.
    If one formulates Helmholtz’s ideas about perception in terms of modern-day theories one arrives at a model of perceptual inference and learning that can explain a remarkable range of neurobiological facts. Using constructs from statistical physics it can be shown that the problems of inferring what cause our sensory inputs and learning causal regularities in the sensorium can be resolved using exactly the same principles. Furthermore, inference and learning can proceed in a biologically plausible fashion. The ensuing scheme rests on (...)
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  7. What Should We Agree on About the Repugnant Conclusion?Stephane Zuber, Nikhil Venkatesh, Torbjörn Tännsjö, Christian Tarsney, H. Orri Stefánsson, Katie Steele, Dean Spears, Jeff Sebo, Marcus Pivato, Toby Ord, Yew-Kwang Ng, Michal Masny, William MacAskill, Nicholas Lawson, Kevin Kuruc, Michelle Hutchinson, Johan E. Gustafsson, Hilary Greaves, Lisa Forsberg, Marc Fleurbaey, Diane Coffey, Susumu Cato, Clinton Castro, Tim Campbell, Mark Budolfson, John Broome, Alexander Berger, Nick Beckstead & Geir B. Asheim - 2021 - Utilitas 33 (4):379-383.
    The Repugnant Conclusion served an important purpose in catalyzing and inspiring the pioneering stage of population ethics research. We believe, however, that the Repugnant Conclusion now receives too much focus. Avoiding the Repugnant Conclusion should no longer be the central goal driving population ethics research, despite its importance to the fundamental accomplishments of the existing literature.
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  8.  2
    Is There Progress in Economics? Knowledge, Truth and the History of Economic Thought. Stephan Boehm, Christian Gehrke, Heinz D. Kurz, Richard Sturn (Eds).Boehm Stephan, Christian Gehrke, Heinz D. Kurz, Richard Sturn, Donald Winch, Mark Blaug, Klaus Hamberger, Jack Birner, Sergio Cremaschi, Roger E. Backhouse, Uskali Maki, Luigi Pasinetti, Erich W. Streissler, Philippe Mongin, Augusto Graziani, Hans-Michael Trautwein, Stephen J. Meardon, Andrea Maneschi, Sergio Parrinello, Manuel Fernandez-Lopez, Richard van den Berg, Sandye Gloria-Palermo, Hansjorg Klausinger, Maurice Lageux, Fabio Ravagnani, Neri Salvadori & Pierangelo Garegnani - 2002 - Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar.
    This thought-provoking book discusses the concept of progress in economics and investigates whether any advance has been made in its different spheres of research. The authors look back at the history, successes and failures of their respective fields and thoroughly examine the notion of progress from an epistemological and methodological perspective. The idea of progress is particularly significant as the authors regard it as an essentially contested concept which can be defined in many ways – theoretically or empirically; locally or (...)
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  9. Remote, Automated, and MRI-Compatible Administration of Interoceptive Inspiratory Resistive Loading.Sebastian W. Rieger, Klaas Enno Stephan & Olivia K. Harrison - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
  10.  8
    Using Brain Potentials to Understand Prism Adaptation: The Error-Related Negativity and the P300.Stephane J. MacLean, Cameron D. Hassall, Yoko Ishigami, Olav E. Krigolson & Gail A. Eskes - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  11.  7
    William Klaas Frankena 1908-1994.Stephen Darwall & Louis E. Loeb - 1995 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 68 (5):95 - 96.
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  12.  16
    Stephan Goertz/hermann-joseph Große Kracht : Christentum – Moderne – Politik. Studien zu Franz-Xaver Kaufmann, Paderborn: Schöningh 2014.Georg Kalinna - 2016 - Zeitschrift Für Evangelische Ethik 60 (1):66-67.
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  13.  17
    Les raisons du doute: études sur le scepticisme antique.Diego E. Machuca & Stéphane Marchand (eds.) - 2019 - Paris: Classiques Garnier.
    Le scepticisme est une véritable constante de l’histoire de la philosophie depuis l’Antiquité. En se nourrissant des désaccords philosophiques, il ne cesse de se transformer pour mieux remettre en cause les certitudes du dogmatisme. Ce volume présente des contributions en langue française de spécialistes de la pensée sceptique dans l’antiquité, domaine qui s’est considérablement développé ces dernières années. Les études ici présentées portent aussi bien sur le pyrrhonisme que sur la nouvelle Académie ou l’empirisme médical ; elles utilisent une variété (...)
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  14.  24
    Π 1 0 Classes, L R Degrees and Turing Degrees.George Barmpalias, Andrew E. M. Lewis & Frank Stephan - 2008 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 156 (1):21-38.
    We say that A≤LRB if every B-random set is A-random with respect to Martin–Löf randomness. We study this relation and its interactions with Turing reducibility, classes, hyperimmunity and other recursion theoretic notions.
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  15.  55
    The Philosophical Logic of Stéphane Lupasco (1900–1988).Joseph E. Brenner - 2010 - Logic and Logical Philosophy 19 (3):243-285.
    The advent of quantum mechanics in the early 20 th Century had profound consequences for science and mathematics, for philosophy (Schrödinger), and for logic (von Neumann). In 1968, Putnam wrote that quantum mechanics required a revolution in our understanding of logic per se. However, applications of quantum logics have been little explored outside the quantum domain. Dummett saw some implications of quantum logic for truth, but few philosophers applied similar intuitions to epistemology or ontology. Logic remained a truth-functional ’science’ of (...)
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  16. Discussioni e postille-Heidegger e l'hitlerismo in filosofia.Stephane Toussaint - 2006 - Giornale Critico Della Filosofia Italiana 26 (3):522.
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  17. Heidegger e l'hitlerismo in filosofia.Stephane Toussaint - 2006 - Giornale Critico Della Filosofia Italiana 2 (3):522-530.
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  18.  8
    Aan de tijd ontstegen: E.J. Dijksterhuis en De mechanisering van het wereldbeeld.Klaas van Berkel - 2013 - Studium : Revue D’Histoire des Sciences Et des Universités 6 (3):267.
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  19.  26
    O jogo do erro e da verdade nos diálogos filosóficos de Voltaire.Stéphane Pujol - 2012 - Doispontos 9 (3).
    Tudo se passa como se a escrita filosófica de Voltaire se desenvolvesse em uma dupla oposição: de um lado, ela visa denunciar o palavrório dos fazedores de sistemas e a cacofonia a que ele conduz, opondo-lhes a prudência e a modéstia; de outro, ela pretende restaurar, contra a tentação cética, o direito à busca da verdade. Em Voltaire, o discurso filosófico nasce desta tensão, do desejo de dizer o mundo e da vontade de se calar, tensão que a escolha do (...)
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  20.  10
    E. Grädel, P.G. Kolaitis, L. Libkin, M. Marx, J. Spencer, M.Y. Vardi, Y. Venema and S. Weinstein. Finite Model Theory and its Applications. Texts in Theoretical Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, 2007, Xiii + 437 Pp. [REVIEW]Stephan Kreutzer - 2010 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 16 (3):406-407.
  21.  4
    Immersive 3D Virtual Reality Cancellation Task for Visual Neglect Assessment: A Pilot Study.Samuel E. J. Knobel, Brigitte C. Kaufmann, Stephan M. Gerber, Dario Cazzoli, René M. Müri, Thomas Nyffeler & Tobias Nef - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
  22.  9
    Música, Autismo E Diferenças: A Representação Como Violência Em Levinas E Deleuze.Stephan Malta Oliveira, Luísa Azevedo Damasceno, Nathalie Emmanuelle Hofmann, Letícia Azevedo Damasceno, Cecília Albuquerque Reynaud Schaefer & Alba Cristina Martins da Silveira - 2021 - Childhood and Philosophy 17:01-18.
    The aim of this article is to investigate and discuss the notions of difference and representation in Emmanuel Levinas and Gilles Deleuze, articulating such notions through the example of a university extension project involving the formation of a musical ensemble composed of autistic children. Our research involved a review of four major philosophical works—Emmanuel Levinas’ Totality and Infinity; Among Us: Essays On Alterity; and “The Concept Of Difference In Bergson”; and Gilles Deleuze’s Difference and Repetition--in addition to secondary references. The (...)
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  23.  4
    Andrea Strazzoni. Dutch Cartesianism and the Birth of Philosophy of Science: From Regius to ’s Gravesande. Ix + 245 Pp., Notes, Bibl., Index. Boston: De Gruyter, 2018. $114.99 (Cloth); ISBN 9783110567823. Paperback and E-Book Available. [REVIEW]Klaas van Berkel - 2020 - Isis 111 (4):881-882.
  24.  11
    Too Imperfect to Fall Asleep: Perfectionism, Pre-Sleep Counterfactual Processing, and Insomnia.Ralph E. Schmidt, Delphine S. Courvoisier, Stéphane Cullati, Rainer Kraehenmann & Martial Van der Linden - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
  25.  15
    Memoirs of Fellows and Corresponding Fellows of the Mediaeval Academy of America.Stephan Kuttner, Gaines Post, Samuel E. Thorne, Marshall Clagett, Kenneth M. Setton, Harry A. Wolfson, Gray C. Boyce, Joseph R. Strayer, S. H. Thomson, Astrik Gabriel, Paul Oskar Kristeller & Kenneth Setton - 1971 - Speculum 46 (3):571-575.
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  26. Measures of Scientific Output and the Age-Productivity Relationship.Paula E. Stephan & Sharon G. Levin - 1988 - In A. F. J. van Raan (ed.), Handbook of Quantitative Studies of Science and Technology. Elsevier. pp. 31--80.
     
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  27. Husserl, E., Zur Phänomenologie der intersubjektivität. [REVIEW]Stephan Strasser - 1973 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 35:617-630.
  28.  14
    How Communication Goals Determine When Audience Tuning Biases Memory.Gerald Echterhoff, E. Tory Higgins, René Kopietz & Stephan Groll - 2008 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 137 (1):3-21.
  29.  20
    Randomness? What Randomness?Klaas Landsman - 2020 - Foundations of Physics 50 (2):61-104.
    This is a review of the issue of randomness in quantum mechanics, with special emphasis on its ambiguity; for example, randomness has different antipodal relationships to determinism, computability, and compressibility. Following a philosophical discussion of randomness in general, I argue that deterministic interpretations of quantum mechanics are strictly speaking incompatible with the Born rule. I also stress the role of outliers, i.e. measurement outcomes that are not 1-random. Although these occur with low probability, their very existence implies that the no-signaling (...)
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  30.  8
    Vida prática e pragmatismo em Bergson.Stéphane Madelrieux - 2017 - Doispontos 14 (2).
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  31.  10
    Giambatista Vico: razionalità e fantasia.Stephan Otto - 1987 - Bollettino Del Centro di Studi Vichiani 17:5-24.
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  32.  8
    Converting the Past: Studies in Ancient Israelite and Moabite Historiography.Paul E. Dion & Klaas A. D. Smelik - 1995 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 115 (1):121.
  33.  14
    Patrizia Arena, Feste E Rituali a Roma. Il Principe Incontra Il Popolo Nel Circo Massimo, Bari 2010.Stéphane Benoist - 2017 - Klio 99 (2):747-752.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Klio Jahrgang: 99 Heft: 2 Seiten: 747-752.
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  34.  28
    The Open Systems View.Michael E. Cuffaro & Stephan Hartmann - 2021
    There is a deeply entrenched view in philosophy and physics, the closed systems view, according to which isolated systems are conceived of as fundamental. On this view, when a system is under the influence of its environment this is described in terms of a coupling between it and a separate system which taken together are isolated. We argue against this view, and in favor of the alternative open systems view, for which systems interacting with their environment are conceived of as (...)
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  35.  2
    Die ordnungsgemäße Geschäftsorganisation einer Versicherung.Stephan Hutter & Theodor Baums - 2009 - In Stephan Hutter & Theodor Baums (eds.), Gedächtnisschrift Für Michael Grusonin Memory of Michael Gruson. De Gruyter Recht.
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  36.  7
    Meta-estética e ética francesa do sentido (Derrida, Deleuze, Serres, Nancy).Stéphane Huchet - 2004 - Kriterion: Journal of Philosophy 45 (110):321-349.
  37.  3
    Meta-Estética E Ética Francesa Do Sentido.Stéphane Huchet - 2004 - Kriterion: Journal of Philosophy 45 (110):321-349.
  38.  40
    Graphs Realised by R.E. Equivalence Relations.Alexander Gavruskin, Sanjay Jain, Bakhadyr Khoussainov & Frank Stephan - 2014 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 165 (7-8):1263-1290.
    We investigate dependence of recursively enumerable graphs on the equality relation given by a specific r.e. equivalence relation on ω. In particular we compare r.e. equivalence relations in terms of graphs they permit to represent. This defines partially ordered sets that depend on classes of graphs under consideration. We investigate some algebraic properties of these partially ordered sets. For instance, we show that some of these partial ordered sets possess atoms, minimal and maximal elements. We also fully describe the isomorphism (...)
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  39.  5
    Trabalho, Amor E Reconhecimento.Andrea Doróthee Stephan Möllmann - 2011 - Educação E Filosofia 25 (49):337-341.
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  40.  9
    Zur Diskussion um Gottes Verborgenheit.Klaas Zwanepol - 2006 - Neue Zeitschrift für Systematicsche Theologie Und Religionsphilosophie 48 (1):51-59.
    ZusammenfassungDieser Beitrag konzentriert sich auf eine starke und auf eine schwache Seite von Bayers Zugang zu Luthers Theologie. So wird als Stärke angesehen, dass das Thema der Rechtfertigung in Luthers Theologie als allumfassend angesetzt wird. Dagegen besteht eine Schwäche in der Art und Weise, wie Bayer durch Luthers Dialektik der zwei Arten, in denen Gott sich verbirgt – also verborgen »unter dem Gegenteil« und absolut verborgen – hindurch bricht, indem er die beiden trennt und diese Aufteilung als Kriterium verwendet, um (...)
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  41. The Importance of $\pi _1^0$ Classes in Effective Randomness. The Journal of Symbolic Logic, Vol. 75.George Barmpalias, Andrew E. M. Lewis, Keng Meng Ng & Frank Stephan - 2012 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 18 (3):409-412.
  42.  4
    Visual Feedback Modulates Aftereffects and Electrophysiological Markers of Prism Adaptation.Jasmine R. Aziz, Stephane J. MacLean, Olave E. Krigolson & Gail A. Eskes - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
  43.  23
    The limits of replicability.Stephan Guttinger - 2020 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 10 (2):1-17.
    Discussions about a replicability crisis in science have been driven by the normative claim that all of science should be replicable and the empirical claim that most of it isn’t. Recently, such crisis talk has been challenged by a new localism, which argues a) that serious problems with replicability are not a general occurrence in science and b) that replicability itself should not be treated as a universal standard. The goal of this article is to introduce this emerging strand of (...)
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  44.  6
    Advancements in the Philosophy of Design.Pieter E. Vermaas & Stéphane Vial (eds.) - 2018 - Springer Verlag.
    This volume presents 25 essays on the philosophy of design. With contributions originating from philosophy and design research, and from product design to architecture, it gives a rich spectrum of state of the art research and brings together studies on philosophical topics in which design plays a key role and design research to which philosophy contributes. Coverage zooms in on specific and more well-known design disciplines but also includes less-studied disciplines, such as graphic design, interior architecture and exhibition design. In (...)
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  45.  24
    Petrus Abaelardus. Stephan Ernst The Cambridge Companion to Abelard. Jeffrey E. Brower, Kevin Guilfoy.Matthias Perkams - 2005 - Speculum 80 (3):866-867.
  46.  71
    Mirror Self-Recognition and Symbol-Mindedness.Stephane Savanah - 2012 - Biology and Philosophy.
    Abstract The view that mirror self-recognition (MSR) is a definitive demonstration of self-awareness is far from universally accepted, and those who do support the view need a more robust argument than the mere assumption that self-recognition implies a self-concept (e.g. Gallup in Socioecology and Psychology of Primates, Mouton, Hague, 1975 ; Gallup and Suarez in Psychological Perspectives on the Self, vol 3, Erlbaum, Hillsdale, 1986 ). In this paper I offer a new argument in favour of the view that MSR (...)
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  47.  7
    Maintenance of Voluntary Self-Regulation Learned Through Real-Time fMRI Neurofeedback.Fabien Robineau, Djalel E. Meskaldji, Yury Koush, Sebastian W. Rieger, Christophe Mermoud, Stephan Morgenthaler, Dimitri Van De Ville, Patrik Vuilleumier & Frank Scharnowski - 2017 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 11.
  48. In memoriam prof. Dr. Stephan Strasser.C. E. M. Struyker Boudier - 1991 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 53 (4):740-741.
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  49.  1
    Philosophical Dialogues: Arne Naess and the Progress of Philosophy.Peder Anker, Per Ariansen, Alfred J. Ayer, Murray Bookchin, Baird Callicott, John Clark, Bill Devall, Fons Elders, Paul Feyerabend, Warwick Fox, William C. French, Harold Glasser, Ramachandra Guha, Patsy Hallen, Stephan Harding, Andrew Mclaughlin, Ivar Mysterud, Arne Naess, Bryan Norton, Val Plumwood, Peter Reed, Kirkpatrick Sale, Ariel Salleh, Karen Warren, Richard A. Watson, Jon Wetlesen & Michael E. Zimmerman (eds.) - 1999 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    The volume documents, and makes an original contribution to, an astonishing period in twentieth-century philosophy—the progress of Arne Naess's ecophilosophy from its inception to the present. It includes Naess's most crucial polemics with leading thinkers, drawn from sources as diverse as scholarly articles, correspondence, TV interviews and unpublished exchanges. The book testifies to the skeptical and self-correcting aspects of Naess's vision, which has deepened and broadened to include third world and feminist perspectives. Philosophical Dialogues is an essential addition to the (...)
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  50.  9
    La "Lectura super Digesto Veteri" di Cino da Pistoia: Studio sui MSS Savigny 22 e Urb. lat. 172. Domenico Maffei.Stephan Kuttner - 1965 - Speculum 40 (2):356-358.
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