Results for 'Kevin P. Madore'

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  1.  17
    Episodic Specificity Induction and Scene Construction: Evidence for an Event Construction Account.Kevin P. Madore, Helen G. Jing & Daniel L. Schacter - 2019 - Consciousness and Cognition 68:1-11.
  2.  15
    Preparing for What Might Happen: An Episodic Specificity Induction Impacts the Generation of Alternative Future Events.Helen G. Jing, Kevin P. Madore & Daniel L. Schacter - 2017 - Cognition 169:118-128.
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  3.  48
    The Collapse of the Fact/Value Dichotomy: A Brief for Catholic Legal Scholars.Kevin P. Lee - 2004 - Journal of Catholic Social Thought 1 (2):685-706.
    This brief essay describes the significance of Hillary Putnam's "Collapse of the Fact/Value Dichotomy" for Catholic thinkers who are inspired by Thomas Aquinas.
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  4. Meaning, the Frontier of Informatics: Informatics 9: Proceedings of a Conference Jointly Sponsored by Aslib, the Aslib Informatics Group and the Information Retrieval Specialist Group of the British Computer Society, King's College, Cambridge, 26-27 March 1987. [REVIEW]Kevin P. Jones (ed.) - 1987 - Aslib.
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  5.  24
    Lori B. Holcomb.Kevin P. Brady & Bethany V. Smith - 2010 - Emergence: Complexity and Organization 6 (2).
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  6. Willful Souls : Dreaming and the Dialectics of Self-Experience Among the Tzotzil Maya of Highland Chiapas, Mexico.Kevin P. Groark - 2010 - In Keith M. Murphy & C. Jason Throop (eds.), Toward an Anthropology of the Will. Stanford University Press.
  7. How People Judge What Is Reasonable.Kevin P. Tobia - 2018 - Alabama Law Review 70 (2):293-359.
    A classic debate concerns whether reasonableness should be understood statistically (e.g., reasonableness is what is common) or prescriptively (e.g., reasonableness is what is good). This Article elaborates and defends a third possibility. Reasonableness is a partly statistical and partly prescriptive “hybrid,” reflecting both statistical and prescriptive considerations. Experiments reveal that people apply reasonableness as a hybrid concept, and the Article argues that a hybrid account offers the best general theory of reasonableness. -/- First, the Article investigates how ordinary people judge (...)
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  8. Does Religious Belief Impact Philosophical Analysis?Kevin P. Tobia - 2016 - Religion, Brain and Behavior 6 (1):56-66.
    One popular conception of natural theology holds that certain purely rational arguments are insulated from empirical inquiry and independently establish conclusions that provide evidence, justification, or proof of God’s existence. Yet, some raise suspicions that philosophers and theologians’ personal religious beliefs inappropriately affect these kinds of arguments. I present an experimental test of whether philosophers and theologians’ argument analysis is influenced by religious commitments. The empirical findings suggest religious belief affects philosophical analysis and offer a challenge to theists and atheists, (...)
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  9. Disparate Statistics.Kevin P. Tobia - 2017 - Yale Law Journal 126 (8):2382-2420.
    Statistical evidence is crucial throughout disparate impact’s three-stage analysis: during (1) the plaintiff’s prima facie demonstration of a policy’s disparate impact; (2) the defendant’s job-related business necessity defense of the discriminatory policy; and (3) the plaintiff’s demonstration of an alternative policy without the same discriminatory impact. The circuit courts are split on a vital question about the “practical significance” of statistics at Stage 1: Are “small” impacts legally insignificant? For example, is an employment policy that causes a one percent disparate (...)
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  10. Learning Markov Processes.Kevin P. Murphy - 2002 - In Lynn Nadel (ed.), The Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. Macmillan.
     
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  11.  20
    Almost Disjoint Families of Representing Sets.Kevin P. Balanda - 1985 - Zeitschrift fur mathematische Logik und Grundlagen der Mathematik 31 (1-6):71-77.
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  12.  2
    Almost Disjoint Families of Representing Sets.Kevin P. Balanda - 1985 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 31 (1‐6):71-77.
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  13.  15
    Method in Catholic Bioethics.Kevin P. Quinn - 2000 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 10 (4):353-363.
    : Method in Catholic bioethics is distinguished by a specific philosophical and theological anthropology. Human beings are not to be considered simply as selves, but as selves in relation to God and each other. This essay reflects on that claim by reviewing four areas of concern from Catholic social teaching: common good, human dignity, option for the poor, and stewardship.
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  14.  12
    Innovations in Local Government: A Sociocognitive Network Approach.Kevin P. Kearns - 1992 - Knowledge, Technology & Policy 5 (2):45-67.
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  15.  29
    Disclosing Conflicts of Interest in Clinical Research: Views of Institutional Review Boards, Conflict of Interest Committees, and Investigators.Kevin P. Weinfurt, Joëlle Y. Friedman, Michaela A. Dinan, Jennifer S. Allsbrook, Mark A. Hall, Jatinder K. Dhillon & Jeremy Sugarman - 2006 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 34 (3):581-591.
    Strategies for disclosing investigators' financial interests to potential research participants have been adopted by many research institutions. However, little is known about how decisions are made regarding disclosures of financial interests to potential research participants, including what is disclosed and the rationale for making these determinations. We sought to understand the attitudes, beliefs, and practices of institutional review board chairs, conflict of interest committee chairs, and investigators regarding disclosure of financial interests to potential research participants. Several themes emerged, including general (...)
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  16.  5
    Shannon Vallor, Technology and the Virtues, A Philosophical Guide to a Future Worth Wanting. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 2018. ISBN 978-0190905286, $42.95, Hbk. [REVIEW]Kevin P. Lee - 2020 - Journal of Value Inquiry 54 (4):649-651.
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  17.  19
    Social Opacity and the Dynamics of Empathic In‐Sight Among the Tzotzil Maya of Chiapas, Mexico.Kevin P. Groark - 2008 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 36 (4):427-448.
  18.  17
    Kevin P. Siena. Venereal Disease, Hospitals, and the Urban Poor: London’s “Foul Wards,” 1600–1800. Viii + 367 Pp., Illus., Bibl., Index. Rochester: University of Rochester Press, 2004. $80. [REVIEW]E. A. Heaman - 2005 - Isis 96 (1):118-119.
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  19.  17
    “You've Got It, You May Have It, You Haven't Got It”: Multiplicity, Heterogeneity, and the Unintended Consequences of HIV-Related Tests.Kevin P. Corbett - 2009 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 34 (1):102-125.
    This article considers the experiences of health consumers who have undergone testing for human immunodeficiency virus antibodies, T cells, and viral load. These HIV-related tests are deployed for the purposes of making definitive diagnoses; yet some test consumers experience ambiguous outcomes. Drawing on an analysis of differing end-user experiences of these tests, where consumers' knowledge reflected the multiplicity and heterogeneity in test design, the author explores how these experiences reflect particular knowledges about these tests. The article contributes to efforts analyzing (...)
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  20.  5
    Cognitive Flexibility and Memory in Pigeons, Human Children, and Adults.Kevin P. Darby, Leyre Castro, Edward A. Wasserman & Vladimir M. Sloutsky - 2018 - Cognition 177 (C):30-40.
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  21. Water is and is Not H 2 O.Kevin P. Tobia, George E. Newman & Joshua Knobe - 2020 - Mind and Language 35 (2):183-208.
    The Twin Earth thought experiment invites us to consider a liquid that has all of the superficial properties associated with water (clear, potable, etc.) but has entirely different deeper causal properties (composed of “XYZ” rather than of H2O). Although this thought experiment was originally introduced to illuminate questions in the theory of reference, it has also played a crucial role in empirically informed debates within the philosophy of psychology about people’s ordinary natural kind concepts. Those debates have sought to accommodate (...)
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  22.  75
    Water is and is Not H 2 O.Kevin P. Tobia, George E. Newman & Joshua Knobe - 2020 - Mind and Language 35 (2):183-208.
    The Twin Earth thought experiment invites us to consider a liquid that has all of the superficial properties associated with water (clear, potable, etc.) but has entirely different deeper causal properties (composed of “XYZ” rather than of H2O). Debates about natural kind concepts have sought to accommodate an apparent fact about ordinary people's judgments: Intuitively, the Twin Earth liquid is not water. We present results showing that people do not have this intuition. Instead, people tend to judge that there is (...)
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  23.  14
    The Language of War.Kevin P. Tobia - 2016 - The Monist 99 (1):40-54.
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  24. Rule-Consequentialism's Assumptions.Kevin P. Tobia - 2018 - Utilitas 30 (4):458-471.
    Rule-Consequentialism faces “the problem of partial acceptance”: How should the ideal code be selected given the possibility that its rules may not be universally accepted? A new contender, “Calculated Rates” Rule-Consequentialism claims to solve this problem. However, I argue that Calculated Rates merely relocates the partial acceptance question. Nevertheless, there is a significant lesson from this failure of Calculated Rates. Rule-Consequentialism’s problem of partial acceptance is more helpfully understood as an instance of the broader problem of selecting the ideal code (...)
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  25. Personal Identity and the Phineas Gage Effect.Kevin P. Tobia - 2015 - Analysis 75 (3):396-405.
    Phineas Gage’s story is typically offered as a paradigm example supporting the view that part of what matters for personal identity is a certain magnitude of similarity between earlier and later individuals. Yet, reconsidering a slight variant of Phineas Gage’s story indicates that it is not just magnitude of similarity, but also the direction of change that affects personal identity judgments; in some cases, changes for the worse are more seen as identity-severing than changes for the better of comparable magnitude. (...)
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  26.  33
    Patients' Views Concerning Research on Medical Practices: Implications for Consent.Kevin P. Weinfurt, Juli M. Bollinger, Kathleen M. Brelsford, Travis J. Crayton, Rachel J. Topazian, Nancy E. Kass, Laura M. Beskow & Jeremy Sugarman - 2016 - AJOB Empirical Bioethics 7 (2):76-91.
  27.  11
    Propositions and Pragmatics.Kevin P. Weinfurt - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (9):18-20.
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  28.  6
    Some Uncertainty Regarding Uncertainty Reduction.Kevin P. Weinfurt - 1994 - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 14 (2):193-199.
    Tryon has proposed the definition of a scientific explanation as an explanation that reduces uncertainty, and relates this to the reduction of statistical variance. Lamiell criticizes Tryon on several grounds, arguing that the reduction of criterion variance does not yield knowledge of the sort Tryon desires. This paper comments on Tryon's proposal, including his reply to Lamiell's criticisms. It is concluded that explanation as uncertainty reduction is a simple recapitulation of the Hempelian model of explanation at the theoretical level, and (...)
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  29.  21
    Disclosing Conflicts of Interest in Clinical Research: Views of Institutional Review Boards, Conflict of Interest Committees, and Investigators.Kevin P. Weinfurt, Joëlle Y. Friedman, Michaela A. Dinan, Jennifer S. Allsbrook, Mark A. Hall, Jatinder K. Dhillon & Jeremy Sugarman - 2006 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 34 (3):581-591.
    Investigator and institutional financial conflicts of interest have raised concerns about both the integrity of clinical research and protecting the rights and welfare of research participants. In response, professional groups and governmental bodies have issued guidance for managing conflicts of interest to minimize their potential untoward effects. Although a variety of approaches have been offered, a common protection is to disclose financial interests in research to potential research participants as part of the recruitment and informed consent process. This approach reinforces (...)
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  30.  7
    Commentary: Dangerous Disconnections.Kevin P. Weinfurt - 2019 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 28 (3):413-414.
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  31.  7
    A Model to Be Emulated.Kevin P. Weinfurt - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (5):18-20.
    Volume 20, Issue 5, June 2020, Page 18-20.
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  32. Personal Identity.David Shoemaker & Kevin P. Tobia - forthcoming - In Oxford Handbook of Moral Psychology. Oxford:
    Our aim in this entry is to articulate the state of the art in the moral psychology of personal identity. We begin by discussing the major philosophical theories of personal identity, including their shortcomings. We then turn to recent psychological work on personal identity and the self, investigations that often illuminate our person-related normative concerns. We conclude by discussing the implications of this psychological work for some contemporary philosophical theories and suggesting fruitful areas for future work on personal identity.
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  33. Personal Identity and Moral Psychology.David Shoemaker & Kevin P. Tobia - forthcoming - In John M. Doris & Manuel Vargas (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Moral Psychology. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
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  34.  11
    Confidentiality in the Age of AIDS: A Case Study in Clinical Ethics.Martin L. Smith & Kevin P. Martin - 1993 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 4 (3):236.
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  35. Experimental Philosophy and the Philosophical Tradition.Stephen Stich & Kevin P. Tobia - 2016 - In Justin Sytsma & Wesley Buckwalter (eds.), Blackwell Companion to Experimental Philosophy. Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 5.
  36.  18
    Exploring Understanding of “Understanding”: The Paradigm Case of Biobank Consent Comprehension.Laura M. Beskow & Kevin P. Weinfurt - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (5):6-18.
    Data documenting poor understanding among research participants and real-time efforts to assess comprehension in large-scale studies are focusing new attention on informed consent comprehension. Within the context of biobanking consent, we previously convened a multidisciplinary panel to reach consensus about what information must be understood for a prospective participant’s consent to be considered valid. Subsequently, we presented them with data from another study showing that many U.S. adults would fail to comprehend the information the panel had deemed essential. When asked (...)
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  37.  20
    Lawyers, Loyalty, and the Question of Citizenship: Perspectives From the Classroom and From Catholic Social Thought.Bruce P. Frohnen & Kevin P. Lee - 2009 - Journal of Catholic Social Thought 6 (2):417-448.
  38. Normative Judgments and Individual Essence.Julian De Freitas, Kevin P. Tobia, George E. Newman & Joshua Knobe - 2017 - Cognitive Science 41 (S3).
    A growing body of research has examined how people judge the persistence of identity over time—that is, how they decide that a particular individual is the same entity from one time to the next. While a great deal of progress has been made in understanding the types of features that people typically consider when making such judgments, to date, existing work has not explored how these judgments may be shaped by normative considerations. The present studies demonstrate that normative beliefs do (...)
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  39.  96
    Are There Cross-Cultural Legal Principles? Modal Reasoning Uncovers Procedural Constraints on Law.Ivar R. Hannikainen, Kevin P. Tobia, Guilherme da F. C. F. De Almeida, Raff Donelson, Vilius Dranseika, Markus Kneer, Niek Strohmaier, Piotr Bystranowski, Kristina Dolinina, Bartosz Janik, Sothie Keo, Eglė Lauraitytė, Alice Liefgreen, Maciej Próchnicki, Alejandro Rosas & Noel Struchiner - 2021 - Cognitive Science 45 (8):e13024.
    Despite pervasive variation in the content of laws, legal theorists and anthropologists have argued that laws share certain abstract features and even speculated that law may be a human universal. In the present report, we evaluate this thesis through an experiment administered in 11 different countries. Are there cross-cultural principles of law? In a between-subjects design, participants (N = 3,054) were asked whether there could be laws that violate certain procedural principles (e.g., laws applied retrospectively or unintelligible laws), and also (...)
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  40.  44
    Nineteenth Century Britain as a Subtle Commercial Hegemon.Raymond Dacey & Kevin P. Murrin - 1997 - Synthese 113 (2):205-216.
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  41.  7
    The Negative Effect of Low Belonging on Consumer Responses to Sustainable Products.Ainslie E. Schultz, Kevin P. Newman & Scott A. Wright - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics.
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  42.  32
    The Role of Moral Intensity in Ethical Decision Making A Review and Investigation of Moral Recognition, Evaluation, and Intention.Douglas R. May & Kevin P. Pauli - 2002 - Business and Society 41 (1):84-117.
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  43.  29
    Personal Transformation and Advance Directives: An Experimental Bioethics Approach.Brian D. Earp, Stephen R. Latham & Kevin P. Tobia - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (8):72-75.
  44.  59
    Reframing Consent for Clinical Research: A Function-Based Approach.Scott Y. H. Kim, David Wendler, Kevin P. Weinfurt, Robert Silbergleit, Rebecca D. Pentz, Franklin G. Miller, Bernard Lo, Steven Joffe, Christine Grady, Sara F. Goldkind, Nir Eyal & Neal W. Dickert - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (12):3-11.
    Although informed consent is important in clinical research, questions persist regarding when it is necessary, what it requires, and how it should be obtained. The standard view in research ethics is that the function of informed consent is to respect individual autonomy. However, consent processes are multidimensional and serve other ethical functions as well. These functions deserve particular attention when barriers to consent exist. We argue that consent serves seven ethically important and conceptually distinct functions. The first four functions pertain (...)
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  45.  14
    Preventive Misconception and Risk Behaviors in a Multinational HIV Prevention Trial.Jeremy Sugarman, Li Lin, Jared M. Baeten, Thesla Palanee-Phillips, Elizabeth R. Brown, Flavia Matovu Kiweewa, Nyaradzo M. Mgodi, Gonasagrie Nair, Samantha Siva, Damon M. Seils & Kevin P. Weinfurt - 2019 - AJOB Empirical Bioethics 10 (2):79-87.
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  46.  28
    Using Cognitive Interviews to Enhance Measurement in Empirical Bioethics: Developing a Measure of the Preventive Misconception in Biomedical HIV Prevention Trials.Jeremy Sugarman, Damon M. Seils, J. Kemp Watson-Ormond & Kevin P. Weinfurt - 2016 - AJOB Empirical Bioethics 7 (1):17-23.
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  47.  20
    A.R.L. Gurland, the Frankfurt School, and the Critical Theory of Antisemitism.Kevin S. Amidon & Mark P. Worrell - 2008 - Telos: Critical Theory of the Contemporary 2008 (144):129-147.
    “Just for the record, however: I don't hate Communists.” So wrote Arcadius Rudolph Lang Gurland to his longtime friend, colleague, and collaborator Otto Kirchheimer in 1958.1 Behind this straightforward statement lay over thirty years of Gurland's experience as a passionate scholar, spokesperson, and advocate of that most dialectical of the many forms of socialist politics, revolutionary social democracy. Throughout his peripatetic life of near-constant exile in Russia, Germany, France, and the United States as student, journalist, theoretician, researcher, writer, teacher, and (...)
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  48. 10. Richard Joyce, The Myth of Morality Richard Joyce, The Myth of Morality (Pp. 182-184).Kevin A. Ameriks, Tad R. Brennan, Ann E. Cudd, Kirk A. Greer, Bart Gruzalski, David P. McCabe, John McCumber, Richard Sherlock & Ira J. Singer - 2003 - Ethics 114 (1).
     
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  49. Phenomenology and Virtue Ethics: Issues inPhenomenology and Hermeneutics.K. Hermberg P. Gyllenhammer, Kevin Hermberg & Paul Gyllenhammer - 2013 - Continuum.
    The correlation between person and environment has long been a central focus of phenomenological analysis. While phenomenology is usually understood as a descriptive discipline showing how essential features of the human encounter with things and people in the world are articulated, phenomenology is also based on ethical concerns. Husserl himself, the founder of the movement, gave several lecture courses on ethics. This volume focuses on one trend in ethics-virtue ethics-and its connection to phenomenology. The essays explore how phenomenology contributes to (...)
     
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  50. A New Causal Power Theory.Kevin B. Korb, Erik P. Nyberg & Lucas Hope - 2011 - In Phyllis McKay Illari, Federica Russo & Jon Williamson (eds.), Causality in the Sciences. Oxford University Press.
     
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