Results for 'Kevin G. Munjal'

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  1.  29
    A Rationale in Support of Uncontrolled Donation after Circulatory Determination of Death.Kevin G. Munjal, Stephen P. Wall, Lewis R. Goldfrank, Alexander Gilbert, Bradley J. Kaufman & on Behalf of the New York City Udcdd Study Group Nancy N. Dubler - 2012 - Hastings Center Report 43 (1):19-26.
    Most donated organs in the United States come from brain dead donors, while a small percentage come from patients who die in “controlled,” or expected, circumstances, typically after the family or surrogate makes a decision to withdraw life support. The number of organs available for transplant could be substantially if donations were permitted in “uncontrolled” circumstances–that is, from people who die unexpectedly, often outside the hospital. According to projections from the Institute of Medicine, establishing programs permitting “uncontrolled donation after circulatory (...)
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  2.  40
    A critique of the principle of ‘respect for autonomy’, grounded in African thought.Kevin G. Behrens - 2018 - Developing World Bioethics 18 (2):126-134.
    I give an account how the principle of ‘respect for autonomy’ dominates the field of bioethics, and how it came to triumph over its competitors, ‘respect for persons’ and ‘respect for free power of choice’. I argue that ‘respect for autonomy’ is unsatisfactory as a basic principle of bioethics because it is grounded in too individualistic a worldview, citing concerns of African theorists and other communitarians who claim that the principle fails to acknowledge the fundamental importance of understanding persons within (...)
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  3.  28
    A principled ethical approach to intersex paediatric surgeries.Kevin G. Behrens - 2020 - BMC Medical Ethics 21 (1):1-9.
    Background Surgery for intersex infants should be delayed until individuals are able to decide for themselves, except where it is a medical necessity. In an ideal world, this single principle would suffice and such surgeries could be totally prohibited. Unfortunately, the world is not perfect, and, in some places, intersex neonates are at risk of being abandoned, mutilated or even killed. As long as intersex persons are at such high risk in some places, any ethical guidelines for intersex surgeries will (...)
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  4.  21
    Toward an Africanized Bioethics Curriculum.Kevin G. Behrens & C. S. Wareham - 2021 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 30 (1):103-113.
    Although many bioethicists have given attention to the special health issues of Africa and to the ethics of research on the continent, only a handful have considered these issues through the lens of African moral thought. The question has been for the most part neglected as to what a distinctively African moral perspective would be for the analysis and teaching of bioethics issues. To address the oversight, the authors of this paper describe embarking on a project aimed at incorporating African (...)
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  5.  25
    Assisted dying: Why the Argument from Sufficient Palliation fails.Kevin G. Behrens - 2017 - South African Journal of Philosophy 36 (2):186-194.
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  6.  24
    Virginity testing in South Africa: a cultural concession taken too far?Kevin G. Behrens - 2014 - South African Journal of Philosophy 33 (2):177-187.
    The Children’s Act and its associated regulations allow for virginity tests to be performed on male and female children over the age of 16. This is subject to a number of legislated conditions, including that informed consent should be obtained. In this article I argue that, whilst it is important that the right to social and cultural practice be protected in South Africa, virginity testing is a practice that cannot be morally justified. Firstly, I defend the claim that the practice (...)
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  7.  11
    Spectrin repeat proteins in the nucleus.Kevin G. Young & Rashmi Kothary - 2005 - Bioessays 27 (2):144-152.
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  8.  31
    Alternative Medicine and the Duty to Employ Ordinary Means.Kevin G. Rickert - 2005 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 5 (3):481-489.
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  9.  34
    Excerpt from.Kevin G. Long - 1990 - The Chesterton Review 16 (2):115-116.
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  10.  24
    Acknowledgement of manuscript reviewers 2015.Kevin G. Donovan & James Giordano - 2016 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 11:1.
    Contributing reviewersThe editors of Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine would like to thank all our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in Volume 10.
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  11.  18
    Motor equivalence and goal descriptors.Kevin G. Munhall - 1986 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9 (4):615-616.
  12.  48
    Something in the way she moves.Kevin G. Munhall & Julie N. Buchan - 2004 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (2):51-53.
    A recent study using a crossmodal matching task showed that the identity of a talker could be recognized even when the auditory and visual stimuli that were being matched were different sentences spoken by the talker. This finding implies that general temporal features of a person's speech are shared across the auditory and visual modalities.
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  13.  55
    Commentaries on St. Paul’s Epistles to Timothy, Titus, and Philemon. [REVIEW]Kevin G. Rickert - 2010 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 84 (1):163-165.
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  14.  24
    True to Life. [REVIEW]Kevin G. Rickert - 2005 - Review of Metaphysics 58 (4):903-904.
    The book is divided into three sections. In the first section, Lynch presents what he calls “truisms about truth.” The first truism is that truth is objective. Accepting a kind of Aristotelian realism, Lynch defines “true beliefs” as “those that portray the world as it is and not as we may hope, fear, or wish it to be”. The second truism is that truth is good. The point here is not that truth is morally good, but that it is generally (...)
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  15.  15
    Better Sleep in a Strange Bed? Sleep Quality in South African Women with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.Gosia Lipinska & Kevin G. F. Thomas - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  16.  42
    The Law, Policy, and Ethics of Employers' Use of Financial Incentives to Improve Health.Kristin M. Madison, Kevin G. Volpp & Scott D. Halpern - 2011 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 39 (3):450-468.
    The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act turns to a nontraditional mechanism to improve public health: employer -provided financial incentives for healthy behaviors. Critics raise questions about incentive programs' effectiveness, employer involvement, and potential discrimination. We support incentive program development despite these concerns. The ACA sets the stage for a broad-based research and implementation agenda through which we can learn to structure incentive programs to not only promote public health but also address prevalent concerns.
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  17.  16
    The Law, Policy, and Ethics of Employers' Use of Financial Incentives to Improve Health.Kristin M. Madison, Kevin G. Volpp & Scott D. Halpern - 2011 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 39 (3):450-468.
    Individuals can often take steps to preserve or improve their own health. They can eat appropriate quantities of healthy foods, exercise, and refrain from smoking. They can obtain preventive care and adhere to their physicians’ advice about how best to manage their health. But they often fail to take these steps.A widespread failure to adopt healthy behaviors can significantly erode public health while increasing health care costs. Obesity, for example, increases the risk of heart disease, stroke, liver disease, and certain (...)
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  18.  15
    The Interaction of REM Fragmentation and Night-Time Arousal Modulates Sleep-Dependent Emotional Memory Consolidation.Gosia Lipinska & Kevin G. F. Thomas - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  19.  11
    Augustine's Preached Theology: Living as the Body of Christ. By J. Patout Burns, Jr. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans, 2022. Pp. xviii, 374. $45.00. [REVIEW]Kevin G. Grove - 2023 - Heythrop Journal 64 (6):841-842.
  20.  8
    Augustine and Tradition: Influences, Contexts, Legacy. Edited by David G.Hunter and Jonathan P.Yates. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans, 2021. $80.00. [REVIEW]Kevin G. Grove - 2022 - Heythrop Journal 63 (6):1198-1199.
  21.  27
    Re-visioning our potential: Networking ethics mentors and healthcare ethics committees. [REVIEW]Kevin G. Murphy - 2001 - HEC Forum 13 (2):160-170.
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  22.  18
    The Theodotionic Revision of the Book of Exodus: A Contribution to the Study of the Early History of the Transmission of the Old Testament in Greek.Dennis Pardee & Kevin G. O'Connell - 1978 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 98 (3):312.
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  23.  12
    Preferential Consolidation of Emotional Memory During Sleep: A Meta-Analysis.Gosia Lipinska, Beth Stuart, Kevin G. F. Thomas, David S. Baldwin & Elaina Bolinger - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
  24.  20
    Both Reaction Time and Accuracy Measures of Intraindividual Variability Predict Cognitive Performance in Alzheimer's Disease.Björn U. Christ, Marc I. Combrinck & Kevin G. F. Thomas - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
  25.  24
    Use of financial incentives and text message feedback to increase healthy food purchases in a grocery store cash back program: a randomized controlled trial.Anjali Gopalan, Pamela A. Shaw, Raymond Lim, Jithen Paramanund, Deepak Patel, Jingsan Zhu, Kevin G. Volpp & Alison M. Buttenheim - 2019 - BMC Public Health 19 (1):674.
    The HealthyFood program offers members up to 25% cash back monthly on healthy food purchases. In this randomized controlled trial, we tested the efficacy of financial incentives combined with text messages in increasing healthy food purchases among HF members. Members receiving the lowest cash back level were randomized to one of six arms: Arm 1 : 10% cash back, no weekly text, standard monthly text; Arm 2: 10% cash back, generic weekly text, standard monthly text; Arm 3: 10% cash back, (...)
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  26.  25
    Neurocognitive Predictors of Treatment Outcomes in Cognitive Processing Therapy for Post-traumatic Stress Disorder: Study Protocol.David P. Cenkner, Anu Asnaani, Christina DiChiara, Gerlinde C. Harb, Kevin G. Lynch, Jennifer Greene & J. Cobb Scott - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Background: Post-traumatic stress disorder is a prevalent, debilitating, and costly psychiatric disorder. Evidenced-based psychotherapies, including Cognitive Processing Therapy, are effective in treating PTSD, although a fair proportion of individuals show limited benefit from such treatments. CPT requires cognitive demands such as encoding, recalling, and implementing new information, resulting in behavioral change that may improve PTSD symptoms. Individuals with PTSD show worse cognitive functioning than those without PTSD, particularly in acquisition of verbal memory. Therefore, memory dysfunction may limit treatment gains in (...)
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  27.  8
    Tell el-Hesi: The Site and the Expedition.Harold A. Liebowitz, Bruce T. Dahlberg & Kevin G. O'Connell - 1994 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 114 (1):98.
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  28.  38
    Elevated Cortisol Leaves Working Memory Unaffected in Both Men and Women.Robyn Human, Michelle Henry, W. Jake Jacobs & Kevin G. F. Thomas - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
  29.  10
    Risky Decision Making Under Stressful Conditions: Men and Women With Smaller Cortisol Elevations Make Riskier Social and Economic Decisions.Anna J. Dreyer, Dale Stephen, Robyn Human, Tarah L. Swanepoel, Leanne Adams, Aimee O'Neill, W. Jake Jacobs & Kevin G. F. Thomas - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    Men often make riskier decisions than women across a wide range of real-life behaviors. Whether this sex difference is accentuated, diminished, or stable under stressful conditions is, however, contested in the scientific literature. A critical blind spot lies amid this contestation: Most studies use standardized, laboratory-based, cognitive measures of decision making rather than complex real-life social simulation tasks to assess risk-related behavior. To address this blind spot, we investigated the effects of acute psychosocial stress on risk decision making in men (...)
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  30.  17
    Real-Time Elicitation of Moral Emotions Using a Prejudice Paradigm.Melike M. Fourie, Nadine Kilchenmann, Susan Malcolm-Smith & Kevin G. F. Thomas - 2012 - Frontiers in Psychology 3.
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  31.  15
    Tell el-Hesi: The Muslim Cemetery in Fields V and VI/IX.Carolyn Kane, Kenneth J. Eakins, John R. Spencer & Kevin G. O'Connell - 1996 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 116 (1):176.
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  32.  20
    Managed Care and Hospital Cost Containment.R. Tamara Konetzka, Jingsan Zhu, Julie Sochalski & Kevin G. Volpp - 2008 - Inquiry: The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing 45 (1):98-111.
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  33.  14
    Ab-initiostudy of structural and electronic properties of AlAs.N. Munjal, G. Sharma, V. Vyas, K. B. Joshi & B. K. Sharma - 2012 - Philosophical Magazine 92 (24):3101-3112.
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  34.  15
    REVIEWS-Doubt truth to be a liar.G. Priest & Kevin Scharp - 2007 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 13 (4):541-544.
  35.  95
    The Interplay Between Absolute Language and Moral Reasoning on Endorsement of Moral Foundations.Kevin L. Blankenship, Traci Y. Craig & Marielle G. Machacek - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Morality – the subjective sense that humans discern between right and wrong – plays a ubiquitous role in everyday life. Deontological reasoning conceptualizes moral decision-making as rigid, such that many moral choices are forbidden or required. Not surprisingly, the language used in measures of deontological reasoning tends to be rigid, including phrases such as “always” and “never.” Two studies drawn from two different populations used commonly used measures of moral reasoning and measures of morality to examine the link between individual (...)
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  36.  13
    Editorial: Experimental Approaches to Body Image, Representation and Perception.Kevin R. Brooks, Jason Bell, Lynda G. Boothroyd & Ian D. Stephen - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
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  37.  6
    Illuminating the Consequentialist Logic of Harm Reduction After Overdose Through a Hypothetical Randomized Trial.Stefan G. Kertesz & Kevin R. Riggs - 2024 - American Journal of Bioethics 24 (5):45-48.
    Marshall et al. (2024) identify a potential ethical conflict between the principles of beneficence and respect for patient autonomy when patients refuse to remain in an emergency department (ED) fo...
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  38.  3
    Think Unique: Perceptions of Uniqueness Increases Resistance to Persuasion and Attitude-Intention Relations.Kevin L. Blankenship, Kelly A. Kane & Marielle G. Machacek - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    The present research examines whether the perceived uniqueness of one’s thoughts and salience of uniqueness motivations can influence attitude strength and resistance. Participants who rated their thoughts as relatively unique formed attitudes that showed greater correspondence with behavioral intentions to act on the attitude (Study 1). In Study 2, participants who recalled a previous purchase motivated by the desire to be unique (versus to fit in) after generating message counterarguments were less persuaded (more resistant) and reported greater willingness to act (...)
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  39.  41
    Ebola, epidemics, and ethics - what we have learned.G. Kevin Donovan - 2014 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 9:15.
    The current Ebola epidemic has presented challenges both medical and ethical. Although we have known epidemics of untreatable diseases in the past, this particular one may be unique in the intensity and rapidity of its spread, as well as ethical challenges that it has created, exacerbated by its geographic location. We will look at the infectious agent and the epidemic it is causing, in order to understand the ethical problems that have arisen.
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  40.  23
    Episodic specificity induction and scene construction: Evidence for an event construction account.Kevin P. Madore, Helen G. Jing & Daniel L. Schacter - 2019 - Consciousness and Cognition 68:1-11.
  41.  49
    Ordinary Meaning and Ordinary People.Kevin Tobia, Brian G. Slocum & Victoria Frances Nourse - 2023 - University of Pennsylvania Law Review 171.
    Perhaps the most fundamental principle of legal interpretation is the presumption that terms should be given their “ordinary” (i.e., general, non-technical) meanings. This principle is a central tenet of modern textualism. Textualists believe a universal presumption of ordinary meaning follows from their theory’s core commitment: A law should be interpreted consistently with what its text communicates to the ordinary public. This Article begins from this textualist premise, empirically examining what legal texts communicate to the public. Five original empirical studies (N (...)
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  42.  27
    Tree thinking for all biology: the problem with reading phylogenies as ladders of progress.Kevin E. Omland, Lyn G. Cook & Michael D. Crisp - 2008 - Bioessays 30 (9):854-867.
    Phylogenies are increasingly prominent across all of biology, especially as DNA sequencing makes more and more trees available. However, their utility is compromised by widespread misconceptions about what phylogenies can tell us, and improved tree thinking is crucial. The most-serious problem comes from reading trees as ladders from left to right - many biologists assume that species-poor lineages that appear early branching or basal are ancestral - we call this the primitive lineage fallacy. This mistake causes misleading inferences about changes (...)
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  43.  35
    Beneficence In Utero: A Framework for Restricted Prenatal Whole-Genome Sequencing to Respect and Enhance the Well-Being of Children.I. I. W. Kevin Conley, Douglas C. McAdams, G. Kevin Donovan & Kevin T. FitzGerald - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (1):28-29.
  44. A survey of the status of earth science in Kansas schools.Kevin D. Finson & Larry G. Enochs - 1988 - Science Education 72 (1):83-92.
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  45. Prevalence of Potentially Morally Injurious Events in Operationally Deployed Canadian Armed Forces Members.Kevin T. Hansen, Charles G. Nelson & Ken Kirkwood - 2021 - Journal of Traumatic Stress 34:764-772.
    As moral injury is a still-emerging concept within the area of military mental health, prevalence estimates for moral injury and its precursor, potentially morally injurious events (PMIEs), remain unknown for many of the world’s militaries. The present study sought to estimate the prevalence of PMIEs in the Canadian Armed Forces (CAF), using data collected from CAF personnel deployed to Afghanistan, via logistic regressions controlling for relevant sociodemographic, military, and deployment characteristics. Analyses revealed that over 65% of CAF members reported exposure (...)
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  46.  11
    A crisis of generalizability or a crisis of constructs?Kevin M. King & Aidan G. C. Wright - 2022 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 45.
    Psychologists wish to identify and study the mechanisms and implications of nomothetic constructs that reveal truths about human nature and span across operationalizations. To achieve this goal, psychologists should spend more time carefully describing and measuring constructs across a wide range of methods and measures, and less time rushing to explain and predict.
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  47. Cosmetic Surgery and the Internal Morality of Medicine.Franklin G. Miller, Howard Brody & Kevin C. Chung - 2000 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 9 (3):353-364.
    Cosmetic surgery is a fast-growing medical practice. In 1997 surgeons in the United States performed the four most common cosmetic procedures443,728 times, an increase of 150% over the comparable total for 1992. Estimated total expenditures for cosmetic surgery range from $1 to $2 billion. As managed care cuts into physicians' income and autonomy, cosmetic surgery, which is not covered by health insurance, offers a financially attractive medical specialty.
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  48.  16
    The Critical Role of Medical Institutions in Expanding Access to Investigational Interventions.Kayte Spector-Bagdady, Kevin J. Weatherwax, Misty Gravelin & Andrew G. Shuman - 2019 - Hastings Center Report 49 (2):36-39.
    The U.S. federal government provides two tracks for eligible patients to obtain access outside clinical trials to investigational interventions currently under study for potential clinical benefits: the Food and Drug Administration’s expanded access pathway and the pathway created by the more recent Right to Try Act. In this issue of the Hastings Center Report, with a critical focus on patients, industry, and the research enterprise, Kelly Folkers and colleagues frame the inherent challenges that these pathways are meant to solve and (...)
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  49.  21
    Preparing for what might happen: An episodic specificity induction impacts the generation of alternative future events.Helen G. Jing, Kevin P. Madore & Daniel L. Schacter - 2017 - Cognition 169:118-128.
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  50.  7
    Bioethics: challenges of the 1990s: proceedings of the 1990 Annual Conference on Bioethics.Bernard G. Clarke, Kevin Andrews & Mary Stainsby (eds.) - 1991 - Melbourne: St. Vincent's Bioethics Centre.
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