Results for 'Kevin D. Wilson'

996 found
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  1.  16
    A Review of “Why Foucault? New Directions in Educational Research”. [REVIEW]Kevin D. Vinson & Melissa B. Wilson - 2008 - Educational Studies: A Jrnl of the American Educ. Studies Assoc 44 (1):83-90.
    (2008). A Review of “Why Foucault? New Directions in Educational Research”. Educational Studies: Vol. 44, SPECIAL ISSUE: INTERDISCIPLINARY APPROACHES TO EDUCATIONAL REFORM WITHIN A FOUCAULTIAN FRAMEWORK, pp. 83-90.
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  2.  24
    What is "special" about face perception?Martha J. Farah, Kevin D. Wilson, Maxwell Drain & James N. Tanaka - 1998 - Psychological Review 105 (3):482-498.
  3. Does Macroeconomics Need Microfoundations.Kevin D. Hoover - 1984 - In Daniel M. Hausman (ed.), The Philosophy of Economics: An Anthology. New York: Cambridge University Press. pp. 315--333.
  4. Synopsis of the Robert and Sarah Boote conference in reductionism and anti-reductionism in physics.Nicholaos Jones & Kevin Coffey - unknown
    This document is a synopsis of discussions at the workshop prepared by Nicholaos Jones and Kevin Coffey, with remarks added by by Chuang Liu, John D. Norton, John Earman, Gordon Belot, Mark Wilson, Bob Batterman and Margie Morrison. The program is included in an appendix.
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  5. Relevance.D. Sperber & Deirdre Wilson - 1986 - Communication and Cognition: An Interdisciplinary Quarterly Journal 2.
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  6.  20
    Causality in Macroeconomics.Kevin D. Hoover & Kevin D. Autor Hoover - 2001 - Cambridge University Press.
    Causality in Macroeconomics examines causality while taking macroeconomics seriously. A pragmatic and realistic philosophy is joined to a macroeconomic foundation that refines Herbert Simon's well-known work on causal order to make a case for a structural approach to causality. The structural approach is used to understand modern rational expectations models, regime switching models, Granger causality, vector autoregressions, the Lucas critique, and concept exogeneity. Techniques of causal inference based on patterns of stability and instability in the face of identified regime changes (...)
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  7. Book Review Column. [REVIEW]Kevin D. Hoover - 2000 - In Craig Freedman & Rick Szostak (eds.), Tales of Narcissus: The Looking Glass of Economic Science. Nova Science Publishers. pp. 123.
     
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  8. Automatically classifying case texts and predicting outcomes.Kevin D. Ashley & Stefanie Brüninghaus - 2009 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 17 (2):125-165.
    Work on a computer program called SMILE + IBP (SMart Index Learner Plus Issue-Based Prediction) bridges case-based reasoning and extracting information from texts. The program addresses a technologically challenging task that is also very relevant from a legal viewpoint: to extract information from textual descriptions of the facts of decided cases and apply that information to predict the outcomes of new cases. The program attempts to automatically classify textual descriptions of the facts of legal problems in terms of Factors, a (...)
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  9. Nonstationary time series, cointegration, and the principle of the common cause.Kevin D. Hoover - 2003 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 54 (4):527-551.
    Elliot Sober ([2001]) forcefully restates his well-known counterexample to Reichenbach's principle of the common cause: bread prices in Britain and sea levels in Venice both rise over time and are, therefore, correlated; yet they are ex hypothesi not causally connected, which violates the principle of the common cause. The counterexample employs nonstationary data—i.e., data with time-dependent population moments. Common measures of statistical association do not generally reflect probabilistic dependence among nonstationary data. I demonstrate the inadequacy of the counterexample and of (...)
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  10. Counterfactuals and Causal Structure.Kevin D. Hoover - 2011 - In Phyllis McKay Illari, Federica Russo & Jon Williamson (eds.), Causality in the Sciences. Oxford University Press.
  11. Case-based reasoning and its implications for legal expert systems.Kevin D. Ashley - 1992 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 1 (2-3):113-208.
    Reasoners compare problems to prior cases to draw conclusions about a problem and guide decision making. All Case-Based Reasoning (CBR) employs some methods for generalizing from cases to support indexing and relevance assessment and evidences two basic inference methods: constraining search by tracing a solution from a past case or evaluating a case by comparing it to past cases. Across domains and tasks, however, humans reason with cases in subtly different ways evidencing different mixes of and mechanisms for these components.In (...)
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  12.  35
    History, Philosophy and Theory of the Life Sciences.Kevin D. Hoover - 2011 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 54 (3):316-331.
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  13.  88
    Reductionism in Economics: Intentionality and Eschatological Justification in the Microfoundations of Macroeconomics.Kevin D. Hoover - 2015 - Philosophy of Science 82 (4):689-711.
    Macroeconomists overwhelmingly believe that macroeconomics requires microfoundations, typically understood as a strong eliminativist reductionism. Microfoundations aims to recover intentionality. In the face of technical and data constraints macroeconomists typically employ a representative-agent model, in which a single agent solves the microeconomic optimization problem for the whole economy, and take it to be microfoundationally adequate. The characteristic argument for the representative-agent model holds that the possibility of the sequential elaboration of the model to cover any number of individual agents justifies treating (...)
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  14.  12
    Law, learning and representation.Kevin D. Ashley & Edwina L. Rissland - 2003 - Artificial Intelligence 150 (1-2):17-58.
  15.  8
    The Methodology of Empirical Macroeconomics.Kevin D. Hoover - 2001 - Cambridge University Press.
    The Methodology of Empirical Macroeconomics stakes out a pragmatic middle-ground between traditional, prescriptive economic methodology and recent descriptive methodology. The former is sometimes seen as arrogantly telling economists how to do their work and the latter as irrelevant to their practice. The lectures are built around a case study of a concrete example of macroeconomic analysis. They demonstrate that economic methodology and the philosophy of science offer insights that help to resolve the genuine concerns of macroeconomists. Some examples of questions (...)
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  16.  92
    Is Macroeconomics for Real?Kevin D. Hoover - 1995 - The Monist 78 (3):235-257.
    Argues that ontological reduction of macroeconomics to microeconomics is untenable. Existence of macroeconomic aggregates; Microfoundations of macroeconomics; Examinations of the general price level; Limits of the scientific development of microeconomics.
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  17. The Logic of Causal Inference: Econometrics and the Conditional Analysis of Causation.Kevin D. Hoover - 1990 - Economics and Philosophy 6 (2):207-234.
    Discontented people might talk of corruption in the Commons, closeness in the Commons and the necessity of reforming the Commons, said Mr. Spenlow solemnly, in conclusion; but when the price of wheat per bushel had been the highest, the Commons had been the busiest; and a man might lay his hand upon his heart, and say this to the whole world, – ‘Touch the Commons, and down comes the country!’.
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  18. Utilities of gossip across organizational levels.Kevin M. Kniffin & David Sloan Wilson - 2005 - Human Nature 16 (3):278-292.
    Gossip is a subject that has been studied by researchers from an array of disciplines with various foci and methods. We measured the content of language use by members of a competitive sports team across 18 months, integrating qualitative ethnographic methods with quantitative sampling and analysis. We hypothesized that the use of gossip will vary significantly depending on whether it is used for self-serving or group-serving purposes. Our results support a model of gossip derived from multilevel selection theory that expects (...)
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  19.  73
    Emerging AI & Law approaches to automating analysis and retrieval of electronically stored information in discovery proceedings.Kevin D. Ashley & Will Bridewell - 2010 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 18 (4):311-320.
    This article provides an overview of, and thematic justification for, the special issue of the journal of Artificial Intelligence and Law entitled “E-Discovery”. In attempting to define a characteristic “AI & Law” approach to e-discovery, and since a central theme of AI & Law involves computationally modeling legal knowledge, reasoning and decision making, we focus on the theme of representing and reasoning with litigators’ theories or hypotheses about document relevance through a variety of techniques including machine learning. We also identify (...)
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  20. An AI model of case-based legal argument from a jurisprudential viewpoint.Kevin D. Ashley - 2002 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 10 (1-3):163-218.
    This article describes recent jurisprudential accountsof analogical legal reasoning andcompares them in detail to the computational modelof case-based legal argument inCATO. The jurisprudential models provide a theoryof relevance based on low-levellegal principles generated in a process ofcase-comparing reflective adjustment. Thejurisprudential critique focuses on the problemsof assigning weights to competingprinciples and dealing with erroneously decidedprecedents. CATO, a computerizedinstructional environment, employs ArtificialIntelligence techniques to teach lawstudents how to make basic legal argumentswith cases. The computational modelhelps students test legal hypotheses againsta database of (...)
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  21.  55
    Identity, structure, and causal representation in scientific models.Kevin D. Hoover - 2013 - In Hsiang-Ke Chao, Szu-Ting Chen & Roberta L. Millstein (eds.), Mechanism and Causality in Biology and Economics. Springer. pp. 35-57.
    Recent debates over the nature of causation, casual inference, and the uses of causal models in counterfactual analysis, involving inter alia Nancy Cartwright (Hunting Causes and Using Them), James Woodward (Making Things Happen), and Judea Pearl (Causation), hinge on how causality is represented in models. Economists’ indigenous approach to causal representation goes back to the work of Herbert Simon with the Cowles Commission in the early 1950s. The paper explicates a scheme for the representation of causal structure, inspired by Simon, (...)
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  22.  48
    Causal structure and hierarchies of models.Kevin D. Hoover - 2012 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 43 (4):778-786.
    Economics prefers complete explanations: general over partial equilibrium, microfoundational over aggregate. Similarly, probabilistic accounts of causation frequently prefer greater detail to less as in typical resolutions of Simpson’s paradox. Strategies of causal refinement equally aim to distinguish direct from indirect causes. Yet, there are countervailing practices in economics. Representative-agent models aim to capture economic motivation but not to reduce the level of aggregation. Small structural vector-autoregression and dynamic stochastic general-equilibrium models are practically preferred to larger ones. The distinction between exogenous (...)
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  23.  9
    First principles, fallibilism, and economics.Kevin D. Hoover - 2018 - Synthese 198 (Suppl 14):3309-3327.
    In the eyes of its practitioners, economics is both a deductive science and an empirical science. The starting point of its deductions might be thought of as first principles. But what is the status of such principles? The tension between foundationalism, the idea that there are necessary and secure first principles for economic inquiry, and fallibilism, the idea that no belief can be certified as true beyond the possibility of doubt, is explored. Empirical disciplines require some sort of falsifiability. Yet, (...)
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  24.  36
    Probability and structure in econometric models.Kevin D. Hoover - manuscript
    The difficulty of conducting relevant experiments has long been regarded as the central challenge to learning about the economy from data. The standard solution, going back to Haavelmo's famous “The Probability Approach in Econometrics” (1944), involved two elements: first, it placed substantial weight on a priori theory as a source of structural information, reducing econometric estimates to measurements of causally articulated systems; second, it emphasized the need for an appropriate statistical model of the data. These elements are usually seen as (...)
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  25.  64
    Teaching a process model of legal argument with hypotheticals.Kevin D. Ashley - 2009 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 17 (4):321-370.
    The research described here explores the idea of using Supreme Court oral arguments as pedagogical examples in first year classes to help students learn the role of hypothetical reasoning in law. The article presents examples of patterns of reasoning with hypotheticals in appellate legal argument and in the legal classroom and a process model of hypothetical reasoning that relates them to work in cognitive science and Artificial Intelligence. The process model describes the relationships between an advocate’s proposed test for deciding (...)
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  26. Relevance.D. Sperbcr & I. Wilson - forthcoming - Communication and Cognition: An Interdisciplinary Quarterly Journal.
     
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  27.  68
    Abduction and the New Riddle of Induction.Kevin D. Hoover - 1980 - The Monist 63 (3):329-341.
    Although the relevance and importance of his work has been recognized only belatedly, Charles Sanders Peirce was, throughout his life, a careful student and significant contributor to the development of logic, scientific theory, and philosophy generally. Occasionally, complete appreciation of Peirce's efforts has been hampered because his work is often unique and, at times, highly idiosyncratic. Yet, we hope to show in this paper that for one aspect of his work in logic Peirce did not abandon the ordinary without purpose. (...)
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  28.  13
    Causal structure and hierarchies of models.Kevin D. Hoover - 2012 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 43 (4):778-786.
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  29.  49
    The ontological status of shocks and trends in macroeconomics.Kevin D. Hoover - 2015 - Synthese 192 (11):3509-3532.
    Modern empirical macroeconomic models, known as structural autoregressions (SVARs) are dynamic models that typically claim to represent a causal order among contemporaneously valued variables and to merely represent non-structural (reduced-form) co-occurence between lagged variables and contemporaneous variables. The strategy is held to meet the minimal requirements for identifying the residual errors in particular equations in the model with independent, though otherwise not directly observable, exogenous causes (“shocks”) that ultimately account for change in the model. In nonstationary models, such shocks accumulate (...)
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  30.  25
    Beneficial Moral Hazard and the Theory of the Second Best.Kevin D. Frick & Michael E. Chernew - 2009 - Inquiry: The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing 46 (2):229-240.
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  31.  18
    “Hey, why don't you wear a shorter skirt?”: Structural vulnerability and the organization of sexual harassment in temporary clerical employment.Kevin D. Henson & Jackie Krasas Rogers - 1997 - Gender and Society 11 (2):215-237.
    Research on sexual harassment in the workplace has followed several trajectories: the extent of sexual harassment, labeling sexual harassment, responses to sexual harassment, and contributing factors to sexual harassment. Much of this research has been necessarily applied, leaving theoretical frameworks concerning sexual harassment underdeveloped. This research uses the case of the sexual harassment of temporary workers to develop grounded theory to provide a more structural understanding of sexual harassment. While temporary employment has increased dramatically in the past 15 years, researchers (...)
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  32.  32
    7 Econometrics and reality.Kevin D. Hoover - 2002 - In Uskali Mäki (ed.), Fact and Fiction in Economics: Models, Realism and Social Construction. Cambridge University Press. pp. 152.
  33.  25
    Veridical and nonveridical interpretations to perceived temperature differences by children and adults.Kevin D. Arnold, Gerald A. Winer & Delos D. Wickens - 1982 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 20 (5):237-238.
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  34.  7
    The Judgment of Paris: recent French theory in a local context.Kevin D. S. Murray (ed.) - 1992 - North Sydney, NSW, Australia: Allen & Unwin.
    Nine essays based on a series of public talks held in Melbourne in 1988. The contributors and the editor are academics and writers. They look at the work of such people as Roland Barthes, Jacques Derrida and Michel Foucault in terms of writing, reading and social context. Includes a symposium on uses of recent French theory and an index.
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  35.  32
    Reason's Bondage: On the Rationalization of Sexuality.Kevin D. Egan - 2007 - Contemporary Political Theory 6 (3):291-311.
    While popular debate grapples with the legality of gay marriage, networks of medical, political, and juridical discourses produce and situate sexuality in a field of knowledge that is constantly under examination and administration. The rationalization of sexuality, and its dispersion into multiple fields of knowledge, has become part of a system of power relations that produces identities and manages them. Within this context, this paper places Horkheimer and Adorno's excursus on Sade's Juliette in conversation with Foucault's first volume of the (...)
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  36.  9
    To tighten or relax social bonds?: Vietnamese criticism and self-criticism, and liberal self-exploration.Kevin D. Pham - forthcoming - European Journal of Political Theory.
    Among contemporary liberal political theorists in the West, there appears to be a standoff between two camps. One camp promotes tighter social bonds through collective responsibility and patriotic fellow-feeling while the other insists on the need for relaxed social bonds through respect for individual freedom. This essay shows how two Vietnamese thinkers—Ho Chi Minh (1872–1969) and Nguyen Manh Tuong (1909–1997)—can help move this intractable debate about collective responsibility and individual freedom beyond statements of principle to a more pragmatic discussion of (...)
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  37. Quantitative evaluation of idealized models in the new classical macroeconomics.Kevin D. Hoover - 2005 - Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 86 (1):15-34.
     
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  38. Assessment of a pilot program for inservice teachers.Kevin D. Finson - 1989 - Science Education 73 (4):419-431.
     
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  39. A survey of the status for NCATE/NSTA accreditation at small rural colleges.Kevin D. Finson - 1990 - Science Education 74 (6):609-623.
     
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  40. A survey of the status of earth science in Kansas schools.Kevin D. Finson & Larry G. Enochs - 1988 - Science Education 72 (1):83-92.
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  41.  9
    Investigating monumental social space in Late Bronze Age Cyprus: an integrative approach.Kevin D. Fisher - 2014 - In Silvia Polla, Undine Lieberwirth & Eleftheria Paliou (eds.), Spatial Analysis and Social Spaces: Interdisciplinary Approaches to the Interpretation of Prehistoric and Historic Built Environments. De Gruyter. pp. 167-202.
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  42.  7
    The role of hypothesis testing in the molding of econometric models.Kevin D. Hoover - 2013 - Erasmus Journal for Philosophy and Economics 6 (2):43.
    This paper addresses the role of specification tests in the selection of a statistically admissible model used to evaluate economic hypotheses. The issue is formulated in the context of recent philosophical accounts on the nature of models and related to some results in the literature on specification search. In contrast to enumerative induction and a priori theory, powerful search methodologies are often adequate substitutes for experimental methods. They underwrite and support, rather than distort, statistical hypothesis tests. Their success is grounded (...)
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  43.  54
    The Influence of Decision Frames and Vision Priming on Decision Outcomes in Work Groups: Motivating Stakeholder Considerations.Kevin D. Clark, Narda R. Quigley & Stephen A. Stumpf - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 120 (1):27-38.
    Organizational leaders are increasingly emphasizing a stakeholder perspective in order to address concerns about business ethics. This study examined the choices of 94 groups in the context of a business decision-making simulation to determine how specific actions and communications can facilitate the consideration of different stakeholder perspectives. In particular, we examined whether generally framing the business situation as one involving diverse stakeholders versus a primarily profit-driven operation (referred to as framing), and whether specific suggestions that participants consider the concerns of (...)
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  44.  29
    Beyond mechanical markets – asset price swings, risk and the role of the state.Kevin D. Hoover - 2013 - Journal of Economic Methodology 20 (1):69 - 75.
    (2013). Beyond mechanical markets – asset price swings, risk and the role of the state. Journal of Economic Methodology: Vol. 20, Methodology, Systemic Risk, and the Economics Profession, pp. 69-75. doi: 10.1080/1350178X.2013.774856.
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  45.  5
    No Title available: Reviews.Kevin D. Hoover - 1990 - Economics and Philosophy 6 (2):309-315.
  46.  8
    Ricardian Inference: Charles S. Peirce, Economics, and Scientific Method.Kevin D. Hoover & James R. Wible - 2020 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 56 (4):521-557.
  47.  46
    Symposium on Marshall's tendencies: 5 Sutton's critique of econometrics.Kevin D. Hoover - 2002 - Economics and Philosophy 18 (1):45-54.
    Through most of the history of economics, the most influential commentators on methodology were also eminent practitioners of economics. And even not so long ago, it was so. Milton Friedman, Paul Samuelson, Trygve Haavelmo, and Tjalling Koopmans were awarded Nobel prizes for their substantive contributions to economics, and were each important contributors to methodological thought. But the fashion has changed. Specialization has increased. Not only has methodology become its own field, but many practitioners have come to agree with Frank Hahn's (...)
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  48.  5
    Thomas Mayer.Kevin D. Hoover - 2015 - Journal of Economic Methodology 22 (4):526-527.
  49.  25
    The struggle for the soul of macroeconomics.Kevin D. Hoover - 2021 - Journal of Economic Methodology 30 (2):80-89.
    Critics argued that the 2007–09 financial crisis was failure of macroeconomics, locating its source in the dynamic, stochastic general-equilibrium model and calling for fundamental re-orientation of the field. Critics exaggerated the role of DSGE models in actual policymaking, and DSGE modelers addressed some criticisms within the DSGE framework. But DSGE modelers oversold their success and even claimed that their approach is the sine qua non of competent macroeconomics. The DSGE modelers and their critics renew an old debate over the relative (...)
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  50.  47
    How can economics be an inductive science?Kevin D. Hoover - 2009 - Economics and Philosophy 25 (2):202.
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