11 found
Order:
  1. Rethinking Value in the Bio-Economy: Finance, Assetization, and the Management of Value.Kean Birch - 2017 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 42 (3):460-490.
    Current debates in science and technology studies emphasize that the bio-economy—or, the articulation of capitalism and biotechnology—is built on notions of commodity production, commodification, and materiality, emphasizing that it is possible to derive value from body parts, molecular and cellular tissues, biological processes, and so on. What is missing from these perspectives, however, is consideration of the political-economic actors, knowledges, and practices involved in the creation and management of value. As part of a rethinking of value in the bio-economy, this (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   14 citations  
  2.  2
    Technoscience Rent: Toward a Theory of Rentiership for Technoscientific Capitalism.Kean Birch - 2020 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 45 (1):3-33.
    Contemporary, technoscientific capitalism is characterized by the configuration of a range of “things” as assets or capitalized property. Accumulation strategies have changed as a result of this assetization process. Rather than entrepreneurial strategies based on commodity production, technoscientific capitalism is increasingly underpinned by rentiership or the appropriation of value through ownership and control rights, monopoly conditions, and regulatory or market devices and practices. While rentiership is often presented as a negative phenomenon in both neoclassical and Marxist political economy literatures—and much (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  3.  1
    Theorizing the Bioeconomy: Biovalue, Biocapital, Bioeconomics Or... What?David Tyfield & Kean Birch - 2013 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 38 (3):299-327.
    In the policy discourses of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development and European Commission, modern biotechnology and the life sciences are represented as an emerging “bioeconomy” in which the latent value underpinning biological materials and products offers the opportunity for sustainable economic growth. This articulation of modern biotechnology and economic development is an emerging scholarly field producing numerous “bio-concepts.” Over the last decade or so, there have been a number of attempts to theorize this relationship between biotechnologies and their (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   17 citations  
  4.  68
    Beneficence, Determinism and Justice: An Engagement with the Argument for the Genetic Selection of Intelligence.Kean Birch - 2005 - Bioethics 19 (1):12–28.
    ABSTRACTIn 2001, Julian Savulescu wrote an article entitled ‘Procreative Beneficence: Why We Should Select the Best Children’, in which he argued for the genetic selection of intelligence in children. That article contributes to a debate on whether genetic research on intelligence should be undertaken at all and, if so, should intelligence selection be available to potential parents. As such, the question of intelligence selection relates to wider issues concerning the genetic determination of behavioural traits, i.e. alcoholism. This article is designed (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  5.  53
    The Political Economy of Technoscience: An Emerging Research Agenda.Kean Birch - 2013 - Spontaneous Generations 7 (1):49-61.
    This short essay presents the case for a renewed research agenda in STS focused on the political economy of technoscience. This research agenda is based on the claim that STS needs to take account of contemporary economic and financial processes and how they shape and are shaped by technoscience. This necessitates understanding how these processes might impact on science, technology and innovation, rather than turning an STS gaze on the economy.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  6.  6
    Data as Asset? The Measurement, Governance, and Valuation of Digital Personal Data by Big Tech.Callum Ward, D. T. Cochrane & Kean Birch - 2021 - Big Data and Society 8 (1).
    Digital personal data is increasingly framed as the basis of contemporary economies, representing an important new asset class. Control over these data assets seems to explain the emergence and dominance of so-called “Big Tech” firms, consisting of Apple, Microsoft, Amazon, Google/alphabet, and Facebook. These US-based firms are some of the largest in the world by market capitalization, a position that they retain despite growing policy and public condemnation—or “techlash”—of their market power based on their monopolistic control of personal data. We (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  7. Divergent Paradigms of European Agro-Food Innovation: The Knowledge-Based Bio-Economy (KBBE) as an R&D Agenda.Theo Papaioannou, Kean Birch & Les Levidow - 2013 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 38 (1):94-125.
    The Knowledge-Based Bio-Economy has gained prominence as an agricultural R&D agenda of the European Union. Specific research policies are justified as necessary to create a KBBE for societal progress. Playing the role of a master narrative, the KBBE attracts rival visions; each favours a different diagnosis of unsustainable agriculture and its remedies in agro-food innovation. Each vision links a technoscientific paradigm with a quality paradigm: the dominant life sciences vision combines converging technologies with decomposability, while a marginal one combines agro-ecology (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  8.  16
    The Neoliberal Underpinnings of the Bioeconomy: The Ideological Discourses and Practices of Economic Competitiveness.Kean Birch - 2006 - Genomics, Society and Policy 2 (3):1-15.
    When we talk about ideology and new genetics we tend to think of concepts like geneticisation and genetic essentialism, which present genetics and biology in deterministic terms. However, the aim of this article is to consider how a particular economic ideology – neoliberalism – has affected the bioeconomy rather than assuming that it is the inherent qualities of biotechnology that determine market value. In order to do this, the paper focuses on the discourses and practices of economic competitiveness that pervade (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  9.  39
    Review of Kaushik Sunder Rajan, Biocapital: The Constitution of Postgenomic Life. [REVIEW]Kean Birch - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (6):67-69.
  10.  5
    Neoliberalising Bioethics: Bias, Enhancement and Economistic Ethics.Kean Birch - 2008 - Genomics, Society and Policy 4 (2):1-10.
    In bioethics there is an ongoing debate about the ethical case for human enhancement through new biomedical technologies. In this debate there are both supporters and opponents of human enhancement technologies such as genetic improvements of cognitive abilities . The supporters argue that human enhancement will lead to healthier and therefore better lives, meaning that any delays to the introduction of such technologies is problematic. In contrast, the opponents argue that new technologies will not solve problems such as inequality and (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  11.  5
    A Review Of: “Margaret L. Eaton, Ethics and the Business of Bioscience”: Stanford, CA: Stanford Business Books, 2004. 534 Pp. 80.00, Hardcover. [REVIEW]Kean Birch - 2005 - American Journal of Bioethics 5 (4):58-60.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark