Results for 'Katja Leivisk��'

383 found
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  1.  55
    The Disappearing Lesion: Sigmund Freud, Sensory-Motor Physiology, and the Beginnings of Psychoanalysis*: Katja Guenther.Katja Guenther - 2013 - Modern Intellectual History 10 (3):569-601.
    Freud's criticism of the localization project as carried out by Theodor Meynert and Carl Wernicke has usually been seen as marking his break with contemporaneous brain science. In this article, however, I show that Freud criticized localization not by turning his back on brain science, but rather by radicalizing some of its principles. In particular, he argued that the physiological pretensions of the localization project remained at odds with its uncritical importation of psychological categories. Further, by avoiding a confusion of (...)
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  2.  68
    Un/Ethical Company and Brand Perceptions: Conceptualising and Operationalising Consumer Meanings. [REVIEW]Katja H. Brunk - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 111 (4):551-565.
    Based on three empirical studies, this research sets out to conceptualise and subsequently operationalise the construct of consumer perceived ethicality (CPE) of a company or brand. Study 1 investigates consumer meanings of the term ethical and reveals that, contrary to philosophical scholars' exclusively consequentialist or nonconsequentialist positions, consumers' ethical judgments are a function of both these evaluation principles, illustrating that not any one scholarly definition of ethics alone is capable of capturing the content domain. The resulting conceptualisation identifies six key (...)
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  3.  17
    How Do Consumers Reconcile Positive and Negative CSR-Related Information to Form an Ethical Brand Perception? A Mixed Method Inquiry.Katja H. Brunk & Cara de Boer - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 161 (2):443-458.
    This research investigates how consumers’ ethical brand perceptions are affected by differentially valenced information. Drawing on literature from person-perception formation and using a sequential, mixed method design comprising qualitative interviews and two experiments with a national representative population sample, our findings show that only when consumers perceive their judgment of a brand’s ethicality to be pertinent, do they process information holistically and in line with the configural model of impression formation. In this case, negative information functions as a diagnostic cue (...)
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  4.  31
    Mastering the Unmasterable: Hysteria and its History: Katja Guenther.Katja Guenther - 2013 - Modern Intellectual History 10 (2):477-488.
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  5. Cold or Calculating? Reduced Activity in the Subgenual Cingulate Cortex Reflects Decreased Emotional Aversion to Harming in Counterintuitive Utilitarian Judgment.Katja Wiech, Guy Kahane, Nicholas Shackel, Miguel Farias, Julian Savulescu & Irene Tracey - 2013 - Cognition 126 (3):364-372.
    Recent research on moral decision-making has suggested that many common moral judgments are based on immediate intuitions. However, some individuals arrive at highly counterintuitive utilitarian conclusions about when it is permissible to harm other individuals. Such utilitarian judgments have been attributed to effortful reasoning that has overcome our natural emotional aversion to harming others. Recent studies, however, suggest that such utilitarian judgments might also result from a decreased aversion to harming others, due to a deficit in empathic concern and social (...)
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  6.  1
    Encountering Althusser: Politics and Materialism in Contemporary Radical Thought.Katja Diefenbach (ed.) - 2012 - Continuum.
    French philosopher Louis Pierre Althusser (1918 -1990) helped define the politico-theoretical conjuncture of pre- and post-1968. Today, there is a recrudescence of interest in his thought, especially in light of his later work, published in English as Philosophy of the Encounter (Verso, 2006). This has led to renewed debates on the reformulation of conflicting notions of materialism, on the event as both philosophical concept and political construction, and on the nature of politics and the political. These original essays by leading (...)
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  7.  74
    Neurocognitive Aspects of Pain Perception.Katja Wiech, Markus Ploner & Irene Tracey - 2008 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 12 (8):306-313.
  8.  21
    Extending Situated Language Comprehension with Speaker and Comprehender Characteristics: Toward Socially Situated Interpretation.Katja Münster & Pia Knoeferle - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
  9. An fMRI Study Measuring Analgesia Enhanced by Religion as a Belief System.Katja Wiech, Miguel Farias, Guy Kahane, Nicholas Shackel, Wiebke Tiede & Irene Tracey - unknown
    Although religious belief is often claimed to help with physical ailments including pain, it is unclear what psychological and neural mechanisms underlie the influence of religious belief on pain. By analogy to other top-down processes of pain modulation we hypothesized that religious belief helps believers reinterpret the emotional significance of pain, leading to emotional detachment from it. Recent findings on emotion regulation support a role for the right ventrolateral prefrontal cortex, a region also important for driving top-down pain inhibitory circuits. (...)
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  10.  15
    Facial Mimicry and the Mirror Neuron System: Simultaneous Acquisition of Facial Electromyography and Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging.Katja U. Likowski, Andreas Mühlberger, Antje B. M. Gerdes, Matthias J. Wieser, Paul Pauli & Peter Weyers - 2012 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.
  11.  29
    Epistemology After Sextus Empiricus.Justin Vlasits & Katja Maria Vogt (eds.) - 2020 - New York, USA: Oxford University Press.
    Sextus Empiricus was the voice of ancient Greek skepticism for posterity. His writings contain the most subtle and detailed versions of the ancient skeptical arguments known as Pyrrhonism, adding up to a distinctive philosophical approach. Instead of viewing philosophy as valuable because of the answers it gives to important questions, Sextus considered the search for answers itself to be fundamental and offered a philosophy centered on inquiry. Assuming the point of view of an active inquirer, Sextus developed arguments concerning conflicting (...)
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  12.  26
    Content Differences for Abstract and Concrete Concepts.Katja Katja Wiemer-Hastings & Xu Xu - 2005 - Cognitive Science 29 (5):719-736.
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  13.  39
    Belief and Truth: A Skeptic Reading of Plato.Katja Maria Vogt - 2012 - Oup Usa.
    Belief and Truth: A Skeptic Reading of Plato explores a Socratic intuition about belief, doxa -- belief is "shameful." In aiming for knowledge, one must aim to get rid of beliefs. Vogt shows how deeply this proposal differs from contemporary views, but that it nevertheless speaks to intuitions we are likely to share with Plato, ancient skeptics, and Stoic epistemologists.
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  14.  21
    To Move or Not to Move: How Apes Adjust to the Attentional State of Others.Katja Liebal, Josep Call, Michael Tomasello & Simone Pika - 2004 - Interaction Studiesinteraction Studies Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systems 5 (2):199-219.
    A previous observational study suggested that when faced with a partner with its back turned, chimpanzees tend to move around to the front of a non-attending partner and then gesture — rather than gesturing once to attract attention and then again to convey a specific intent. We investigated this preference experimentally by presenting six orangutans, five gorillas, nine chimpanzees, and four bonobos with a food begging situation in which we varied the body orientation of an experimenter with respect to the (...)
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  15.  31
    Law, Reason, and the Cosmic City: Political Philosophy in the Early Stoa.Katja Maria Vogt - 2008 - Oup Usa.
    This book argues that political philosophy is central to early Stoic philosophy, and is deeply tied to the Stoics' conceptions of reason and wisdom. Broad in scope, it explores the Stoics' idea of the cosmic city, their notion of citizen-gods, as well as their account of the law.
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  16.  16
    Cultural Discrepancy and National Corruption: Investigating the Difference Between Cultural Values and Practices and Its Relationship to Corrupt Behavior.Katja Gelbrich, Yvonne Stedham & Daniel Gäthke - 2016 - Business Ethics Quarterly 26 (2):201-225.
    ABSTRACT:The relationship between culture and corruption has been the focus of various studies, producing inconsistent results. We suggest that these inconsistencies might be due to the conceptualization and measurement of culture. Drawing on the possible value/fact dichotomy discussed in ethical philosophy, we introduce the construct of cultural discrepancy—the difference between cultural values and practices —as a predictor of pervasive and arbitrary corruption. Examining the relationship between the discrepancies observed in the GLOBE cultural dimensions and the Corruption Perception Index shows that (...)
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  17.  16
    Mind the Gap – Moving Beyond the Dichotomy Between Intentional Gestures and Emotional Facial and Vocal Signals of Nonhuman Primates.Katja Liebal & Linda Oña - 2018 - Interaction Studies. Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies / Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies 19 (1-2):121-135.
    Despite the variety of theories suggesting how human language might have evolved, very few consider the potential role of emotions in such scenarios. The few existing theories jointly highlight that gaining control over the production of emotional communication was crucial for establishing and maintaining larger social groups. This in turn resulted in the development of more complex social emotions and the corresponding sophisticated socio-cognitive skills to understand others’ communicative behavior, providing the grounds for language to emerge. Importantly, these theories propose (...)
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  18.  58
    Personal identity, transformative experiences, and the future self.Katja Crone - 2021 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 20 (2):299-310.
    The article explores the relation between personal identity and life-changing decisions such as the decision for a certain career or the decision to become a parent. According to L.A. Paul, decisions of this kind involve “transformative experiences”, to the effect that - at the time we make a choice - we simply don’t know what it is like for us to experience the future situation. Importantly, she claims that some new experiences may be “personally transformative” by which she means that (...)
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  19. Revised Short Screening Version of the Profile of Mood States (POMS) From the German General Population.Katja Petrowski, Cornelia Albani, Markus Zenger, Elmar Brähler & Bjarne Schmalbach - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    The present study was conducted with the aim of constructing and validating a short form of the Profile of Mood States. The POMS is a widely-applied measure for the assessment of an individual's mood. Thus, it is of great relevance for many research questions in clinical and social psychology. To develop the short scale, we first examined psychometric properties and found the optimal 16-item solution among all valid combinations of the full POMS in an exploratory subsample of our complete representative (...)
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  20.  3
    Conserving the Dignity of Teaching Through Ethics as ‘ Mise En Question ’.Katja Castillo, Jani Kukkola & Pauli Siljander - 2022 - Wiley: Journal of Philosophy of Education 56 (2):318-328.
    Journal of Philosophy of Education, Volume 56, Issue 2, Page 318-328, April 2022.
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  21. The Neural Basis of Intuitive and Counterintuitive Moral Judgement.Guy Kahane, Katja Wiech, Nicholas Shackel, Miguel Farias, Julian Savulescu & Irene Tracey - 2011 - Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience 7 (4):393-402.
    Neuroimaging studies on moral decision-making have thus far largely focused on differences between moral judgments with opposing utilitarian (well-being maximizing) and deontological (duty-based) content. However, these studies have investigated moral dilemmas involving extreme situations, and did not control for two distinct dimensions of moral judgment: whether or not it is intuitive (immediately compelling to most people) and whether it is utilitarian or deontological in content. By contrasting dilemmas where utilitarian judgments are counterintuitive with dilemmas in which they are intuitive, we (...)
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  22.  8
    Intentional Training With Speech Production Supports Children’s Learning the Meanings of Foreign Words: A Comparison of Four Learning Tasks.Katja Junttila & Sari Ylinen - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  23.  28
    A Meta-Analysis of the Relationship Between Emotion Recognition Ability and Intelligence.Katja Schlegel, Tristan Palese, Marianne Schmid Mast, Thomas H. Rammsayer, Judith A. Hall & Nora A. Murphy - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 34 (2):329-351.
    The ability to recognise others’ emotions from nonverbal cues is measured with performance-based tests and has many positive correlates. Although researchers have...
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  24.  1
    Hope at the End of the World: Lessons From the Ocean.Katja Holtz - 2022 - Feminist Review 130 (1):102-107.
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  25.  10
    Vagueness and Kataleptic Impressions.Katja Maria Vogt - 2022 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 96 (1):165-183.
    The Stoics’ theory of kataleptic impressions looks different once we attend to their analysis of the Sorites paradox. In defending this view, I reject the long-standing assumption that the Stoics develop their theory by focusing on sensory impressions. The Stoic approach to vagueness shows, for example, that non-sensory impressions can be seemingly indistinguishable by belonging to a series. It also draws attention to an understudied dimension of Stoic theory: in aiming to assent only to kataleptic impressions, one aims to avoid (...)
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  26. Scepticism and Action.Katja Maria Vogt - 2010 - In Richard Arnot Home Bett (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Ancient Scepticism. Cambridge University Press.
  27. Desiring the Good: Ancient Proposals and Contemporary Theory.Katja Maria Vogt - 2017 - Oup Usa.
    Vogt puts forward a novel version of the Guise of the Good: the desire to have one's life go well shapes and sustains mid- and small-scale motivations. Her book lays out a non-relativist version of Protagoras's Measure Doctrine and defends a new realism about good human lives.
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  28. Dreaming and Consciousness: Testing the Threat Simulation Theory of the Function of Dreaming.Antti Revonsuo & Katja Valli - 2000 - PSYCHE: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Research On Consciousness 6.
    We tested the new threat simulation theory of the biological function of dreaming by analysing 592 dreams from 52 subjects with a rating scale developed for quantifying threatening events in dreams. The main predictions were that dreams contain more frequent and more severe threats than waking life does; that dream threats are realistic; and that they primarily threaten the Dream Self who tends to behave in a relevant defensive manner in response to them. These predictions were confirmed and the theory (...)
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  29.  55
    Appearances and Assent: Sceptical Belief Reconsidered.Katja Maria Vogt - 2012 - Classical Quarterly 62 (2):648-663.
  30.  18
    Different Approaches to Meaning in Primate Gestural and Vocal Communication.Katja Liebal & Linda Oña - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  31.  7
    Katja Maria Vogt, Desiring the Good: Ancient Proposals and Contemporary Theory , 232 Pages. Isbn: 9780190692476. Hardback: $65.00. [REVIEW]David J. Rodriguez - 2019 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 16 (6):785-788.
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  32.  5
    Affective Consequences of Social Comparisons by Women With Breast Cancer: An Experiment.Katja Corcoran, Gayannee Kedia, Rifeta Illemann & Helga Innerhofer - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  33.  88
    The Age of Transhumanism Has Begun: Will It Bring Humanism to Its End?Katja Siepmann & McIntosh - 2015 - Essays in the Philosophy of Humanism 23 (2):133-15.
    This interview with Roland Benedikter, the European scholar of technology futures and politics, discusses the emergence of biological and computing technologies for transforming humanity. In this wide-ranging discussion, Benedikter discusses many ethical, social, and political implications to the application of these enhancing technologies and their coming political implications. Transhumanism, according to Benedikter, will represent both a powerful social ideology and a serious political agenda. How will humanism respond?
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  34.  38
    Identity, Profiling Algorithms and a World of Ambient Intelligence.Katja Vries - 2010 - Ethics and Information Technology 12 (1):71-85.
    The tendency towards an increasing integration of the informational web into our daily physical world (in particular in so-called Ambient Intelligent technologies which combine ideas derived from the field of Ubiquitous Computing, Intelligent User Interfaces and Ubiquitous Communication) is likely to make the development of successful profiling and personalization algorithms, like the ones currently used by internet companies such as Amazon, even more important than it is today. I argue that the way in which we experience ourselves necessarily goes through (...)
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  35.  31
    The Self-Understanding of Persons Beyond Narrativity.Katja Crone - 2020 - Philosophical Explorations 23 (1):65-77.
    Some narrative approaches assume a tight relation between narrative and selfhood. They hold that the self-understanding of persons as individuals possessing a set of particular character traits is above all narratively structured for it is constituted by stories persons tell or can tell about their lives. Against this view, it is argued that self-understanding is also characterized by certain non-narrative and invariant mental features. In order to show this, a non-narrative awareness of self-identity over time will be analyzed. It will (...)
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  36.  71
    The Threat Simulation Theory of the Evolutionary Function of Dreaming: Evidence From Dreams of Traumatized Children.Katja Valli, Antti Revonsuo, Outi Pälkäs, Kamaran Hassan Ismail, Karzan Jalal Ali & Raija-Leena Punamäki - 2005 - Consciousness and Cognition 14 (1):188-218.
    The threat simulation theory of dreaming states that dream consciousness is essentially an ancient biological defence mechanism, evolutionarily selected for its capacity to repeatedly simulate threatening events. Threat simulation during dreaming rehearses the cognitive mechanisms required for efficient threat perception and threat avoidance, leading to increased probability of reproductive success during human evolution. One hypothesis drawn from TST is that real threatening events encountered by the individual during wakefulness should lead to an increased activation of the system, a threat simulation (...)
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  37.  23
    How Family Caregivers' Medical and Moral Assumptions Influence Decision Making for Patients in the Vegetative State: A Qualitative Interview Study.Katja Kuehlmeyer, Gian Domenico Borasio & Ralf J. Jox - 2012 - Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (6):332-337.
    Background Decisions on limiting life-sustaining treatment for patients in the vegetative state (VS) are emotionally and morally challenging. In Germany, doctors have to discuss, together with the legal surrogate (often a family member), whether the proposed treatment is in accordance with the patient's will. However, it is unknown whether family members of the patient in the VS actually base their decisions on the patient's wishes. Objective To examine the role of advance directives, orally expressed wishes, or the presumed will of (...)
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  38.  73
    Sons of the Earth: Are the Stoics Metaphysical Brutes?Katja Maria Vogt - 2009 - Phronesis 54 (2):136-154.
    In this paper, it is argued the Stoics develop an account of corporeals that allows their theory of bodies to be, at the same time, a theory of causation, agency, and reason. The paper aims to shed new light on the Stoics' engagement with Plato's Sophist . It is argued that the Stoics are Sons of the Earth insofar as, for them, the study of corporeals - rather than the study of being - is the most fundamental study of reality. (...)
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  39. The Impact of Emotional Opportunities on the Emotion Cultures of Feminist Organizations.Katja M. Guenther - 2009 - Gender and Society 23 (3):337-362.
    A fundamental debate within feminist scholarship and activism centers on what relationship feminism should have with the state. This article explores this debate empirically by examining differences in the emotion cultures of a state-dependent and an autonomous feminist organization in postsocialist eastern Germany. The comparative analysis demonstrates how organizations construct specific emotion cultures in response to emotional opportunities and constraints created by their relationships with state institutions. The state-dependent organization adopts a less expressive emotion culture that assures broad public appeal (...)
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  40.  18
    The Nomological Network of Emotion Knowledge and Emotion Understanding in Adults: Evidence From Two New Performance-Based Tests.Katja Schlegel & Klaus R. Scherer - 2017 - Cognition and Emotion 32 (8):1514-1530.
    ABSTRACTEmotion understanding, which can broadly be defined as expertise in the meaning of emotion, is a core component of emotional intelligence and facilitates better intra- and interpersonal outcomes. However, to date only very few standard tests to measure emotion understanding in healthy adults exist. Here, we present two new performance-based tests that were developed and are scored based on componential emotion theory and large-scale cross-cultural empirical findings. These instruments intend to measure facets of emotion understanding that are not included in (...)
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  41.  8
    Integration of Egocentric and Allocentric Information During Memory-Guided Reaching to Images of a Natural Environment.Katja Fiehler, Christian Wolf, Mathias Klinghammer & Gunnar Blohm - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  42.  6
    Heinz-Dietrich Wendland.Katja Bruns & Reiner Anselm - 2019 - Zeitschrift Für Evangelische Ethik 63 (1):65-69.
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  43.  21
    I Know How You Felt Last Night, or Do I? Self- and External Ratings of Emotions in REM Sleep Dreams.Pilleriin Sikka, Katja Valli, Tiina Virta & Antti Revonsuo - 2014 - Consciousness and Cognition 25:51-66.
    We investigated whether inconsistencies in previous studies regarding emotional experiences in dreams derive from whether dream emotions are self-rated or externally evaluated. Seventeen subjects were monitored with polysomnography in the sleep laboratory and awakened from every rapid eye movement sleep stage 5 min after the onset of the stage. Upon awakening, participants gave an oral dream report and rated their dream emotions using the modified Differential Emotions Scale, whereas external judges rated the participants’ emotions expressed in the dream reports, using (...)
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  44.  5
    Duties to Others : Demands and Limits.Katja Maria Vogt - 2008 - In Monika Betzler (ed.), Kant's Ethics of Virtues. De Gruyter. pp. 219-244.
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  45. Low Test–Retest Reliability of a Protocol for Assessing Somatosensory Cortex Excitability Generated From Sensory Nerves of the Lower Back.Katja Ehrenbrusthoff, Cormac G. Ryan, Denis J. Martin, Volker Milnik, Hubert R. Dinse & Christian Grüneberg - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    In people with chronic low back pain, maladaptive structural and functional changes on a cortical level have been identified. On a functional level, somatosensory cortical excitability has been shown to be reduced in chronic pain conditions, resulting in cortical disinhibition. The occurrence of structural and/or functional maladaptive cortical changes in people with CLBP could play a role in maintaining the pain. There is currently no measurement protocol for cortical excitability that employs stimulation directly to the lower back. We developed a (...)
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  46.  10
    Katja Guenther. Localization and Its Discontents: A Genealogy of Psychoanalysis and the Neuro Disciplines. 310 Pp., Illus., Bibl., Index. Chicago/London: University of Chicago Press, 2015. $35. [REVIEW]Sonu Shamdasani - 2017 - Isis 108 (4):939-940.
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  47.  15
    Comment: Looking Beyond the Ability EI Model Facilitates the Development of New Performance-Based Tests.Katja Schlegel - 2016 - Emotion Review 8 (4):302-303.
    Despite widespread support for the idea of measuring EI as an ability based on Mayer and Salovey’s model, only a few performance-based EI tests have been developed. I argue that both the original and updated ability EI model provide little guidance for a theory-driven generation of items and their scoring, as the functions and processes associated with high and low EI are not specified in enough detail. One solution is to draw on theories from other fields when creating a measurement (...)
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  48.  1
    To Move or Not to Move.Katja Liebal, Josep Call, Michael Tomasello & Simone Pika - 2004 - Interaction Studies. Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies / Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies 5 (2):199-219.
    A previous observational study suggested that when faced with a partner with its back turned, chimpanzees tend to move around to the front of a non-attending partner and then gesture — rather than gesturing once to attract attention and then again to convey a specific intent. We investigated this preference experimentally by presenting six orangutans, five gorillas, nine chimpanzees, and four bonobos with a food begging situation in which we varied the body orientation of an experimenter with respect to the (...)
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  49.  27
    Motor Skill Learning Between Selection and Execution.Jörn Diedrichsen & Katja Kornysheva - 2015 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 19 (4):227-233.
  50.  8
    Dysphagietherapie in der Geriatrie: Abwägungen Zwischen Lebensqualität Und Risiko – Eine Qualitative StudieDysphagia Therapy in Older People: Weighing of Aspiration Risks Against Quality of Life—a Qualitative Study.Katja Emmerich, Elke Müller-Simianer, Heike Penner & Tania Zieschang - 2020 - Ethik in der Medizin 32 (4):405-423.
    Bei geriatrischen, oral ernährten Patienten mit Dysphagie entstehen insbesondere bei der Kostformanpassung ethische Konflikte. Die Abwägung zwischen Aspirationsrisiko und Lebensqualität fällt oft zugunsten der Fürsorge – also einer Risikominimierung – aus, Autonomie und das Nicht-Schadens-Prinzip werden in den Entscheidungen weniger beachtet.Ziel dieser Studie war die Erfassung relevanter Aspekte aus der Patienten- und Angehörigenperspektive bezüglich der Abwägungen zwischen Aspirationsrisiko und Lebensqualität. Zudem wurde die Erprobung des im Rahmen der Studie entwickelten Interviewleitfadens und die Entwicklung von Hypothesen für weiterführende Studien angestrebt. Acht (...)
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