Results for 'Katie Wagner'

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  1.  32
    Slow mapping: Color word learning as a gradual inductive process.Katie Wagner, Karen Dobkins & David Barner - 2013 - Cognition 127 (3):307-317.
  2.  34
    Would you be willing to zap your child's brain? Public perspectives on parental responsibilities and the ethics of enhancing children with transcranial direct current stimulation.Katy Wagner, Hannah Maslen, Justin Oakley & Julian Savulescu - 2018 - AJOB Empirical Bioethics 9 (1):29-38.
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  3.  30
    The Role of Design and Training in Artifact Expertise: The Case of the Abacus and Visual Attention.Mahesh Srinivasan, Katie Wagner, Michael C. Frank & David Barner - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (S3):757-782.
    Previous accounts of how people develop expertise have focused on how deliberate practice transforms the cognitive and perceptual representations and processes that give rise to expertise. However, the likelihood of developing expertise with a particular tool may also depend on the degree to which that tool fits pre‐existing perceptual and cognitive abilities. The present studies explored whether the abacus—a descendent of the first human computing devices—may have evolved to exploit general biases in human visual attention, or whether developing expertise with (...)
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  4.  9
    The Persistence of Allegory: Drama and Neoclassicism from Shakespeare to Wagner.Katie Terezakis - 2008 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 66 (4):413-416.
  5.  65
    Right decisions or happy decision-makers?Katie Steele, Helen M. Regan, Mark Colyvan & Mark A. Burgman - 2007 - Social Epistemology 21 (4):349 – 368.
    Group decisions raise a number of substantial philosophical and methodological issues. We focus on the goal of the group decision exercise itself. We ask: What should be counted as a good group decision-making result? The right decision might not be accessible to, or please, any of the group members. Conversely, a popular decision can fail to be the correct decision. In this paper we discuss what it means for a decision to be "right" and what components are required in a (...)
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  6.  38
    What are aesthetic emotions?Winfried Menninghaus, Valentin Wagner, Eugen Wassiliwizky, Ines Schindler, Julian Hanich, Thomas Jacobsen & Stefan Koelsch - 2019 - Psychological Review 126 (2):171-195.
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  7. Climate models, calibration, and confirmation.Charlotte Werndl & Katie Steele - 2013 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 64 (3):609-635.
    We argue that concerns about double-counting -- using the same evidence both to calibrate or tune climate models and also to confirm or verify that the models are adequate --deserve more careful scrutiny in climate modelling circles. It is widely held that double-counting is bad and that separate data must be used for calibration and confirmation. We show that this is far from obviously true, and that climate scientists may be confusing their targets. Our analysis turns on a Bayesian/relative-likelihood approach (...)
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  8.  31
    Uncommitted Deliberation? Discussing Regulatory Gaps by Comparing GRI 3.1 to GRI 4.0 in a Political CSR Perspective.Rea Wagner & Peter Seele - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 146 (2):333-351.
    In this paper, we compare the two Global Reporting Initiative reporting standards, G3.1, and the most current version G4.0. We do this through the lens of political corporate social responsibility theory, which describes the broadened understanding of corporate responsibility in a globalized world building on Habermas’ notion of deliberative democracy and ethical discourse. As the regulatory power of nation states is fading, regulatory gaps occur as side effects of transnational business. As a result, corporations are also understood to play a (...)
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  9. Can free evidence be bad? Value of informationfor the imprecise probabilist.Seamus Bradley & Katie Steele - 2016 - Philosophy of Science 83 (1):1-28.
    This paper considers a puzzling conflict between two positions that are each compelling: it is irrational for an agent to pay to avoid `free' evidence before making a decision, and rational agents may have imprecise beliefs and/or desires. Indeed, we show that Good's theorem concerning the invariable choice-worthiness of free evidence does not generalise to the imprecise realm, given the plausible existing decision theories for handling imprecision. A key ingredient in the analysis, and a potential source of controversy, is the (...)
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  10.  56
    Canalization in evolutionary genetics: a stabilizing theory?Greg Gibson & Günter Wagner - 2000 - Bioessays 22 (4):372-380.
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  11.  9
    Alfred Schutz: an intellectual biography.Helmut R. Wagner - 1983 - Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  12.  28
    Business and the Ethical Implications of Technology: Introduction to the Symposium.Kirsten Martin, Katie Shilton & Jeffery Smith - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 160 (2):307-317.
    While the ethics of technology is analyzed across disciplines from science and technology studies, engineering, computer science, critical management studies, and law, less attention is paid to the role that firms and managers play in the design, development, and dissemination of technology across communities and within their firm. Although firms play an important role in the development of technology, and make associated value judgments around its use, it remains open how we should understand the contours of what firms owe society (...)
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  13.  49
    A methodology for designing systems to reason with legal cases using Abstract Dialectical Frameworks.Latifa Al-Abdulkarim, Katie Atkinson & Trevor Bench-Capon - 2016 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 24 (1):1-49.
    This paper presents a methodology to design and implement programs intended to decide cases, described as sets of factors, according to a theory of a particular domain based on a set of precedent cases relating to that domain. We useDialectical Frameworks, a recent development in AI knowledge representation, as the central feature of our design method. ADFs will play a role akin to that played by Entity–Relationship models in the design of database systems. First, we explain how the factor hierarchy (...)
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  14.  24
    Including People with Dementia in Research: An Analysis of Australian Ethical and Legal Rules and Recommendations for Reform.Nola M. Ries, Katie A. Thompson & Michael Lowe - 2017 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 14 (3):359-374.
    Research is crucial to advancing knowledge about dementia, yet the burden of the disease currently outpaces research activity. Research often excludes people with dementia and other cognitive impairments because researchers and ethics committees are concerned about issues related to capacity, consent, and substitute decision-making. In Australia, participation in research by people with cognitive impairment is governed by a national ethics statement and a patchwork of state and territorial laws that have widely varying rules. We contend that this legislative variation precludes (...)
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  15. Uncertainty, Learning, and the “Problem” of Dilation.Seamus Bradley & Katie Siobhan Steele - 2014 - Erkenntnis 79 (6):1287-1303.
    Imprecise probabilism—which holds that rational belief/credence is permissibly represented by a set of probability functions—apparently suffers from a problem known as dilation. We explore whether this problem can be avoided or mitigated by one of the following strategies: (a) modifying the rule by which the credal state is updated, (b) restricting the domain of reasonable credal states to those that preclude dilation.
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  16.  59
    Why Privacy Isn't Everything: Feminist Reflections on Personal Accountability.Judith Wagner DeCew - 2006 - Hypatia 21 (1):227-231.
  17.  9
    Theorising modernity: inescapability and attainability in social theory.Peter Wagner - 2001 - London: SAGE.
    This book argues that sociology has lost its ability to provide critical diagnoses of the present human condition because sociology has stopped considering the philosophical requirements of social enquiry. The book attempts to restore that ability by retrieving some of the key questions that sociologists tend to gloss over, inescapability and attainability. The book identifies five key questions in which issues of inescapability and attainability emerge. These are the questions of the certainty of our knowledge, the viability of our politics, (...)
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  18.  24
    Characters, units and natural kinds: an introduction.Günter P. Wagner - 2000 - In The Character Concept in Evolutionary Biology. Academic Press. pp. 1--10.
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  19.  49
    An Economic Approach to Business Ethics: Moral Agency of the Firm and the Enabling and Constraining Effects of Economic Institutions and Interactions in a Market Economy.Sigmund Wagner-Tsukamoto - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 60 (1):75-89.
    The paper maps out an alternative to a behavioural (economic) approach to business ethics. Special attention is paid to the fundamental philosophical principle that any moral ‘ought’ implies a practical ‘can’, which the paper interprets with regard to the economic viability of moral agency of the firm under the conditions of the market economy, in particular competition. The paper details an economic understanding of business ethics with regard to classical and neo-classical views, on the one hand, and institutional, libertarian thought, (...)
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  20.  40
    Implicit Metaethical Intuitions: Validating and Employing a New IAT Procedure.Johannes M. J. Wagner, Thomas Pölzler & Jennifer C. Wright - 2023 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 14 (1):1-31.
    Philosophical arguments often assume that the folk tends towards moral objectivism. Although recent psychological studies have indicated that lay persons’ attitudes to morality are best characterized in terms of non-objectivism-leaning pluralism, it has been maintained that the folk may be committed to moral objectivism _implicitly_. Since the studies conducted so far almost exclusively assessed subjects’ metaethical attitudes via explicit cognitions, the strength of this rebuttal remains unclear. The current study attempts to test the folk’s implicit metaethical commitments. We present results (...)
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  21.  86
    Daniel steel philosophy and the precautionary principle: Science, evidence, and environmental policy.Camilla Colombo & Katie Steele - 2016 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 67 (4):1195-1200.
  22.  22
    Regarding Intimacy, Regard, and Transformative Feminist Practice in the Art of Pamela Longobardi.Jennifer A. Wagner-Lawlor - 2016 - Feminist Studies 42 (3):649.
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  23.  5
    Fino al nulla tranne che una linea sottile.Jan Wagner - 2017 - Società Degli Individui 59:117-126.
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  24.  47
    Time without Measure.Michael F. Wagner - 2018 - International Philosophical Quarterly 58 (1):31-42.
    This paper compares Plotinus’s neoplatonic conception and account of time with Bergson’s and Husserl’s phenomenologic conceptions and accounts of it. I argue that despite fundamental differences owing to their respective approaches, their conceptions and accounts are remarkably comparable, especially in considering time to play a fundamental role in the organic unity of our physical environment—in what I characterize also as the continuously and intrinsically connected sequentiality of its events, processes, and constituents—in Plotinus’s case, of our physical environment as such; in (...)
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  25.  9
    La discipline au prisme des activités internationales dans les trajectoires de chercheurs en France et en Allemagne.Sarah Cordonnier & Hedwig Wagner - 2013 - Hermes 67:, [ p.].
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  26.  71
    Evolving to Divide the Fruits of Cooperation.Elliott O. Wagner - 2012 - Philosophy of Science 79 (1):81-94.
    Cooperation and the allocation of common resources are core features of social behavior. Games idealizing both interactions have been studied separately. But here, rather than examining the dynamics of the individual games, the interactions are combined so that players first choose whether to cooperate, and then, if they jointly cooperate, they bargain over the fruits of their cooperation. It is shown that the dynamics of the combined game cannot simply be reduced to the dynamics of the individual games and that (...)
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  27.  76
    How wide and how deep is the divide between population genetics and developmental evolution?Günter P. Wagner - 2007 - Biology and Philosophy 22 (1):145-153.
  28. Phenomenology of Consciousness and Sociology of the Life-World: An Introductory Study.Helmut R. Wagner - 1983 - Human Studies 7 (2):255-257.
     
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  29.  54
    Individuation of objects and events: a developmental study.Laura Wagner & Susan Carey - 2003 - Cognition 90 (2):163-191.
  30.  20
    Found Your DNA on the Web: Reconciling Privacy and Progress.Amy Gutmann & James W. Wagner - 2013 - Hastings Center Report 43 (3):15-18.
    An article by Melissa Gymrek and colleagues, published this January in Science, described how the researchers used surname inferences from commercial genealogy databases and Internet searches to deduce the identity of nearly fifty research participants whose supposedly private data were stored in large, publicly available datasets. This news comes just months after the Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues published a report that expressed serious concerns about personal privacy and security in whole genome sequencing. The bioethics commission (on (...)
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  31.  10
    Co-occurrence Patterns of Character Strengths and Measured Core Virtues in German-Speaking Adults.Willibald Ruch, Sonja Heintz & Lisa Wagner - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    The VIA Classification on character strengths and virtues suggests 24 character strengths clustered into six core virtues. Three recent studies employed different methods for testing the assignment of character strengths to virtues, and generally supported the VIA classification. However, the co-occurrence of character strengths and virtues within individuals has not been examined yet. Another untested assumption is that an individual’s composition of character strengths is related to being considered of “good character.” Thus, the present study addresses three research questions: How (...)
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  32.  30
    Consumer Ethics in Japan: An Economic Reconstruction of Moral Agency of Japanese Firms – Qualitative Insights from Grocery/Retail Markets.Sigmund Wagner-Tsukamoto - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 84 (1):29-44.
    The article reconstructs, in economic terms, managerial business ethics perceptions in the Japanese consumer market for fast-moving daily consumption products. An economic, three-level model of moral agency was applied that distinguishes unintentional moral agency, passive intentional moral agency and active intentional moral agency. The study took a qualitative approach and utilized as empirical research design an interview procedure. The study found that moral agency of Japanese firms mostly extended up to unintentional and intentional passive moral agency. Certain myopic managerial views (...)
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  33.  19
    Attenuation of blocking with shifts in reward: The involvement of schedule-generated contextual cues.James H. Neely & Allan R. Wagner - 1974 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 102 (5):751.
  34.  7
    La Racionalidad Teológica En la Moral de Pedro Abelardo.Alberto Wagner Moll - 2023 - Ágora Papeles de Filosofía 42 (2).
    El presente trabajo busca exponer las premisas y la fundamentación teológica que subyace a la moral de Pedro Abelardo, con el fin de mostrar cómo en el sistema filosófico de dicho autor, conocido por su racionalismo, hay una justificación que extralimita dicho sistema. Para ello, se expondrá la terminología clave de su moral, la aplicación práctica de dichos conceptos, y una serie de objeciones tanto teológicas como filosóficas.
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  35.  3
    Finding Structure in Modern Dance.Claire Monroy & Laura Wagner - 2023 - Cognitive Science 47 (11):e13375.
    Research has shown that both adults and children organize familiar activity into discrete units with consistent boundaries, despite the dynamic, continuous nature of everyday experiences. However, less is known about how observers segment unfamiliar event sequences. In the current study, we took advantage of the novelty that is inherent in modern dance. Modern dance features natural human motion but does not contain canonical goals—therefore, observers cannot recruit prior goal‐related knowledge to segment it. Our main aims were to identify whether observers (...)
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  36.  32
    Habermas on power and rationality.Gerhard Wagner & Heinz Zipprian - 1989 - Sociological Theory 7 (1):102-109.
  37.  21
    The Obscure Object of Rhetoric.Nathan R. Wagner - 2021 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 54 (2):128-148.
    ABSTRACT This paper proposes a vision of rhetoric as metaphysical enactment. This position contrasts with traditionally accepted views of rhetoric as phenomenological practice, evidenced prominently in contemporary rhetorical theory. I advance a framework that employs metaphorical accommodation and indicates a way that rhetoric can be situated as a perpetually productive force. The analytic tradition affords a method and vocabulary that when placed in conversation with rhetorical studies offers an alternative for viewing rhetoric as metaphysical enactment. I determine that rhetorical theory (...)
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  38.  54
    Mapping Legal Semiotics.Anne Wagner - 2010 - International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 23 (1):77-82.
    The essay seeks to harness the diverse and innovative work to date of legal semiotics. It seeks to bring together the cumulative research traditions of these related areas as a preclusion to identifying fertile avenues for research.
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  39.  74
    Two Sides of the Same Coin? Neutral Monism as an Attempt to Reconcile Subjectivity and Objectivity in Personal Identity.Iva Apostolova & Nils-Frederic Wagner - 2020 - Metaphysica 21 (1):129-149.
    Standard views of personal identity over time often hover uneasily between the subjective, first-person dimension (e. g. psychological continuity), and the objective, third-person dimension (e. g. biological continuity) of a person’s life. Since both dimensions capture something integral to personal identity, we show that neither can successfully be discarded in favor of the other. The apparent need to reconcile subjectivity and objectivity, however, presents standard views with problems both in seeking an ontological footing of, as well as epistemic evidence for, (...)
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  40.  23
    Materializing Notions, Concepts and Language into Another Linguistic Framework.Anne Wagner & Jean-Claude Gémar - 2013 - International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 26 (4):731-745.
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  41.  22
    Essentially periodic ordered groups.Françoise Point & Frank O. Wagner - 2000 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 105 (1-3):261-291.
    A totally ordered group G is essentially periodic if for every definable non-trivial convex subgroup H of G every definable subset of G is equal to a finite union of cosets of subgroups of G on some interval containing an end segment of H; it is coset-minimal if all definable subsets are equal to a finite union of cosets, intersected with intervals. We study definable sets and functions in such groups, and relate them to the quasi-o-minimal groups introduced in Belegradek (...)
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  42.  20
    Supposition-Theory and the Problem of Universals.Michael F. Wagner - 1981 - Franciscan Studies 41 (1):385-414.
  43.  4
    Logics in Ai European Workshop Jelia '92, Berlin, Germany, September 7-10, 1992 : Proceedings'.David Pearce & Gerd Wagner - 1992 - Springer Verlag.
    This volume contains the proceedings of JELIA '92, les Journ es Europ ennes sur la Logique en Intelligence Artificielle, or the Third European Workshop on Logics in Artificial Intelligence. The volume contains 2 invited addresses and 21 selected papers covering such topics as: - Logical foundations of logic programming and knowledge-based systems, - Automated theorem proving, - Partial and dynamic logics, - Systems of nonmonotonic reasoning, - Temporal and epistemic logics, - Belief revision. One invited paper, by D. Vakarelov, is (...)
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  44.  28
    The fallacy of misplaced intentionality in social representation research.Wolfgang Wagner - 1994 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 24 (3):243–165.
    This paper argues that social representations cannot be used as independent variables in causal explanations of social behaviour. It is shown that the structure of investigations often follows a causally explanatory design despite explicit statements to the contrary by the researchers. This fact is analyzed with three investigations. It is argued that verbal data used to assess the contents of a representation as independent variable are logically equivalent to data obtained from the “dependent” overt behaviour. Therefore these two kinds of (...)
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  45.  33
    The Bergsonian period of Alfred Schutz.Helmut R. Wagner - 1977 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 38 (2):187-199.
  46.  68
    Bases para un enfoque iberoamericano del mundo actual.Alberto Wagner de Reyna - 2006 - Utopía y Praxis Latinoamericana 11 (32):113-120.
    The prominent, catholic, existentialist philosopher, Alberto Wagner de Reyma (Lima Peru, 1915) who was a privileged witness of the XX Century, focused on Spanish-America from the beginning of the XXI century to the present and the future of the West. His criticism of pan-Americanism, globalization, ..
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  47.  66
    The Explanatory Relevance of Nash Equilibrium: One-Dimensional Chaos in Boundedly Rational Learning.Elliott Wagner - 2013 - Philosophy of Science 80 (5):783-795.
    Game theory is often used to explain behavior. Such explanations often proceed by demonstrating that the behavior in question is a Nash equilibrium. Agents are in Nash equilibrium if each agent’s strategy maximizes her payoff given her opponents’ strategies. Nash equilibriums are fundamentally static, but it is usually assumed that equilibriums will be the outcome of a dynamic process of learning or evolution. This article demonstrates that, even in the most simple setting, this need not be true. In two-strategy games (...)
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  48.  54
    Awareness in memory: Being explicit about the role of sleep.Jan Born & Ullrich Wagner - 2004 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (6):242-244.
  49. Acerca do conceito de consequência lógica (Tarski, Alfred).Wagner de Campos Sanz - 2001 - Princípios: Revista de Filosofia 8 (10):11.
     
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  50.  73
    Generalized probability kinematics.Carl G. Wagner - 1992 - Erkenntnis 36 (2):245 - 257.
    Jeffrey conditionalization is generalized to the case in which new evidence bounds the possible revisions of a prior below by a Dempsterian lower probability. Classical probability kinematics arises within this generalization as the special case in which the evidentiary focal elements of the bounding lower probability are pairwise disjoint.
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