Results for 'Kathryn Z. Guyton'

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  1.  40
    The IARC Monographs: Updated procedures for modern and transparent evidence synthesis in cancer hazard identification.Jonathan M. Samet, Weihsueh A. Chiu, Vincent Cogliano, Jennifer Jinot, David Kriebel, Ruth M. Lunn, Frederick A. Beland, Lisa Bero, Patience Browne, Lin Fritschi, Jun Kanno, Dirk W. Lachenmeier, Qing Lan, Gérard Lasfargues, Frank Le Curieux, Susan Peters, Pamela Shubat, Hideko Sone, Mary C. White, Jon Williamson, Marianna Yakubovskaya, Jack Siemiatycki, Paul A. White, Kathryn Z. Guyton, Mary K. Schubauer-Berigan, Amy L. Hall, Yann Grosse, Véronique Bouvard, Lamia Benbrahim-Tallaa, Fatiha El Ghissassi, Béatrice Lauby-Secretan, Bruce Armstrong, Rodolfo Saracci, Jiri Zavadil, Kurt Straif & Christopher P. Wild - unknown
    The Monographs produced by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) apply rigorous procedures for the scientific review and evaluation of carcinogenic hazards by independent experts. The Preamble to the IARC Monographs, which outlines these procedures, was updated in 2019, following recommendations of a 2018 expert Advisory Group. This article presents the key features of the updated Preamble, a major milestone that will enable IARC to take advantage of recent scientific and procedural advances made during the 12 years since (...)
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  2. Understanding “What Could Be”: A Call for ‘Experimental Behavioral Genetics’.S. Alexandra Burt, Kathryn Plaisance & David Z. Hambrick - 2019 - Behavior Genetics 2 (49):235-243.
    Behavioral genetic (BG) research has yielded many important discoveries about the origins of human behavior, but offers little insight into how we might improve outcomes. We posit that this gap in our knowledge base stems in part from the epidemiologic nature of BG research questions. Namely, BG studies focus on understanding etiology as it currently exists, rather than etiology in environments that could exist but do not as of yet (e.g., etiology following an intervention). Put another way, they focus exclusively (...)
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  3.  12
    “You've Got to Work on This Axon”: J. Z. Young and Squid Giant Axon Preparations in 20th‐Century Neurobiology.Kathryn Maxson Jones - 2022 - Berichte Zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte 45 (3):317-331.
    Berichte zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte, Volume 45, Issue 3, Page 317-331, September 2022.
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  4.  3
    “You've Got to Work on This Axon”: J. Z. Young and Squid Giant Axon Preparations in 20th‐Century Neurobiology.Kathryn Maxson Jones - 2022 - Berichte Zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte 45 (3):317-331.
    Berichte zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte, Volume 45, Issue 3, Page 317-331, September 2022.
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  5.  23
    Maria Galante, Giovanni Vitolo, and Giuseppa Z. Zanichelli, eds., Riforma della Chiesa, esperienze monastiche e poteri locali: La Badia di Cava nei secoli XI–XII. Florence: SISMEL Edizioni del Galluzzo, 2014. Pp. vi, 410; 96 black-and-white and color plates. €82. ISBN: 978-88-8450-545-3.Table of contents available online at http://www.sismel.it/tidetails.asp?hdntiid=1378. [REVIEW]Kathryn Jasper - 2017 - Speculum 92 (1):247-249.
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  6.  43
    On complex exponentiation restricted to the integers.Carlo Toffalori & Kathryn Vozoris - 2010 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 75 (3):955-970.
    We provide a first order axiomatization of the expansion of the complex field by the exponential function restricted to the subring of integers modulo the first order theory of (Z, +, ·).
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  7.  92
    How doctors think: clinical judgment and the practice of medicine.Kathryn Montgomery - 2006 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    How Doctors Think defines the nature and importance of clinical judgment. Although physicians make use of science, this book argues that medicine is not itself a science but rather an interpretive practice that relies on clinical reasoning. A physician looks at the patient's history along with the presenting physical signs and symptoms and juxtaposes these with clinical experience and empirical studies to construct a tentative account of the illness. How Doctors Think is divided into four parts. Part one introduces the (...)
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  8.  25
    Divine intersubjectivity? On Lenz on Locke.Kathryn Tabb - forthcoming - British Journal for the History of Philosophy:1-9.
  9.  14
    Water shaping stone: faith, relationships, and conscience formation.Kathryn Lilla Cox - 2015 - Collegeville, Minnesota: Liturgical Press.
    The Catholic Tradition requires the faithful to form and follow their conscience. This is the case even with the recognition that consciences can be malformed and one can make errors in practical judgments. Water Shaping Stone examines various aspects of this tradition regarding conscience by using, among other sources, twentieth-century magisterial documents, theologians' works, and Scripture. Kathryn Lilla Cox argues that while the Magisterium retains teaching authority, and a responsibility to help form consciences through its teaching, focusing only on (...)
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  10.  9
    Tożsamość indywidualna i zbiorowa: szkice filozoficzne.Magdalena Żardecka-Nowak & Witold M. Nowak (eds.) - 2004 - Rzeszów: Wydawn. Uniwersytetu Rzeszowskiego.
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  11.  4
    Brzozowski: wokół kultury: inspiracje nietzscheańskie.Paweł Pieniążek - 2004 - Warszawa: Wydawn. IFiS PAN. Edited by Stanisław Brzozowski.
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  12.  71
    Does learning to count involve a semantic induction?Kathryn Davidson, Kortney Eng & David Barner - 2012 - Cognition 123 (1):162-173.
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  13.  87
    Moral passages: toward a collectivist moral theory.Kathryn Pyne Addelson - 1994 - New York: Routledge.
    In Moral Passages, Kathryn Pyne Addelson presents an original moral theory suited for contemporary life and its moral problems. Her basic principle is that knowledge and morality are generated in collective action, and she develops it through a critical examination of theories in philosophy, sociology and women's studies, most of which hide the collective nature and as a result hide the lives and knowledge of many people. At issue are the questions of what morality is, and how moral theories (...)
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  14.  36
    From conceptual roles to structural relations: Bridging the syntactic cleft.Kathryn Bock, Helga Loebell & Randal Morey - 1992 - Psychological Review 99 (1):150-171.
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  15.  9
    Confidence in Care Instead of Capacity: A Feminist Approach to Opioid Overdose.Kathryn A. Cunningham, Lisa Campo-Engelstein, Emma Tumilty & Jessica Olivares - 2024 - American Journal of Bioethics 24 (5):51-53.
    The article “Revive and Refuse: Capacity, Autonomy, and Refusal of Care After Opioid Overdose,” Marshall et al. (2024) highlights the critical issue of care after an opioid overdose. “Revive and Re...
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  16. The atrocity paradigm applied to environmental evils.Kathryn Norlock - 2004 - Ethics and the Environment 9 (1):85-93.
    I am persuaded both by the theory of evil advanced by Claudia Card in The Atrocity Paradigm and by the idea that there are evils done to the environment; however, I argue that the theory of evil she describes has difficulty living up to her claim that it "can make sense of ecological evils the victims of which include trees and even ecosystems" (2002, 16). In this paper, I argue that Card's account of evil does not accommodate the kinds of (...)
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  17. Evil and Forgiveness.Kathryn J. Norlock - 2019 - In Thomas Nys & Stephen De Wijze (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of the Philosophy of Evil. New York, NY, USA: pp. 282-293.
    Our experiences with many sorts of evils yield debates about the role of forgiveness as a possible moral response. These debates include (1) the preliminary question whether evils are, by definition, unforgivable, (2) the contention that evils may be forgivable but that forgiveness cannot entail reconciliation with one’s evildoer, (3) the concern that only direct victims of evils are in a position to decide if forgiveness is appropriate, (4) the conceptual worry that forgiveness of evil may not be genuine or (...)
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  18.  24
    Can Genetics Research Benefit Educational Interventions for All?Kathryn Asbury - 2015 - Hastings Center Report 45 (S1):39-42.
    Pretty much everyone knows that our genes have at least something to do with how able or how high achieving we are. Some believe that we should not speak of this common knowledge, nor inquire into how genetic influence works or what it might mean. If we do not keep an open mind to the fact of genetic influence on academic achievement, however, then we cannot explore its possible implications. And if we do not consider the implications, then we cannot, (...)
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  19.  59
    The sublime object of ideology.Slavoj Žižek - 1989 - New York: Verso.
    In this provocative and original work, Slavoj Zizek takes a look at the question of human agency in a postmodern world. From the sinking of the Titanic to Hitchcock's Rear Window, from the operas of Wagner to science fiction, from Alien to the Jewish Joke, the author's acute analyses explore the ideological fantasies of wholeness and exclusion which make up human society. Linking key psychoanalytical and philosophical concepts to social phenomena such as totalitarianism and racism, the book explores the political (...)
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  20.  7
    The Challenges of Extreme Moral Stress.Kathryn J. Norlock - 2018-04-18 - In Claudia Card (ed.), Criticism and Compassion. Oxford, UK: Wiley. pp. 303–317.
    The author develops her account of Claudia Card's ethical work as nonideal ethical theory (NET). She clarifies Card's role in ethical theorizing of the recent past, partly in order to brief the unfamiliar reader on Card's ethics and nonideal theory, and partly to enter Card's contributions into the story of nonideal theory's emergence in philosophy. She then recommends, to other NET philosophers, the prioritization of (i) Card's rejection of the "administrative point of view", and (ii) Card's focus on "intolerable harms" (...)
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  21. Theriomorphism and the composite soul in Plato.Kathryn Morgan - 2012 - In Catherine Collobert, Pierre Destrée & Francisco J. Gonzalez (eds.), Plato and myth: studies on the use and status of Platonic myths. Boston: Brill.
  22. When can we Kick (Some) Humans “Out of the Loop”? An Examination of the use of AI in Medical Imaging for Lumbar Spinal Stenosis.Kathryn Muyskens, Yonghui Ma, Jerry Menikoff, James Hallinan & Julian Savulescu - forthcoming - Asian Bioethics Review:1-17.
    Artificial intelligence (AI) has attracted an increasing amount of attention, both positive and negative. Its potential applications in healthcare are indeed manifold and revolutionary, and within the realm of medical imaging and radiology (which will be the focus of this paper), significant increases in accuracy and speed, as well as significant savings in cost, stand to be gained through the adoption of this technology. Because of its novelty, a norm of keeping humans “in the loop” wherever AI mechanisms are deployed (...)
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  23. Introduction to Part Three.Kathryn Woodward - 2000 - In Gill Kirkup (ed.), The gendered cyborg: a reader. New York: Routledge in association with the Open University. pp. 161--70.
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  24.  71
    Quotation, demonstration, and iconicity.Kathryn Davidson - 2015 - Linguistics and Philosophy 38 (6):477-520.
    Sometimes form-meaning mappings in language are not arbitrary, but iconic: they depict what they represent. Incorporating iconic elements of language into a compositional semantics faces a number of challenges in formal frameworks as evidenced by the lengthy literature in linguistics and philosophy on quotation/direct speech, which iconically portrays the words of another in the form that they were used. This paper compares the well-studied type of iconicity found with verbs of quotation with another form of iconicity common in sign languages: (...)
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  25.  17
    Realism, philosophy and social science.Kathryn Dean (ed.) - 2006 - New York: Palgrave-Macmillan.
    The authors examine the nature of the relationship between social science and philosophy and address the sort of work social science should do, and the role and sorts of claims that an accompanying philosophy should engage in. In particular, the authors reintroduce the question of ontology, an area long overlooked by philosophers of social science, and present a cricital engagement with the work of Roy Bhaskar. The book argues against the excesses of philosophising and commits itself to a philosophical approach (...)
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  26.  31
    Impure thoughts: essays on philosophy, feminism, & ethics.Kathryn Pyne Addelson - 1991 - Philadelphia: Temple University Press.
  27.  9
    Change happens: a compendium of wisdom.Kathryn Petras - 2018 - New York: Workman Publishing. Edited by Ross Petras.
    "Change is not merely necessary to life--it is life." That's Alvin Toffler, characteristically stating the profound in a profoundly direct way. And yes, even when we see change coming--as we're about to graduate from school, take a new job, get married--it's still not so easy to accept. And when we don't see it coming--oof, we have an even harder time. Here to help us embrace change and defuse its unsettling power is Change Happens, a full-color illustrated gift book to consult, (...)
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  28.  15
    Gender and Family Issues in Toilet Design.Kathryn H. Anthony & Meghan Dufresne - 2009 - In Olga Gershenson Barbara Penner (ed.), Ladies and Gents. pp. 48.
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  29. Auto cases.Kathryn Barnett - 2005 - In Alan F. Blackwell & David MacKay (eds.), Power. Cambridge University Press. pp. 41--4.
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  30. The Challenges of Forgiveness in Context: Introduction to The Moral Psychology of Forgiveness.Kathryn J. Norlock - 2017 - In The Moral Psychology of Forgiveness. Rowman & Littlefield International.
    I offer a brief survey of thematic elements in contemporary literature on forgiveness and then an overview of the responses to that literature comprising the contents of this volume. I concentrate on the extent to which work in moral psychology provides a needed corrective to some excesses in philosophical aversion to empirically informed theorizing. I aim to complicate what has been referred to at times as the standard or classic view, by which philosophers often mean the predominant view of forgiveness (...)
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  31.  64
    Make My Memory: How Advertising Can Change Our Memories of the Past.Kathryn A. Braun, Rhiannon Ellis & Elizabeth F. Loftus - 2002 - Psychology and Marketing 19 (1):1-23.
    Marketers use autobiographical advertising as a means to create nostalgia for their products. This research explores whether such referencing can cause people to believe that they had experiences as children that are mentioned in the ads. In Experiment 1, participants viewed an ad for Disney that suggested that they shook hands with Mickey Mouse as a child. Relative to controls, the ad increased their confidence that they personally had shaken hands with Mickey as a child at a Disney resort. The (...)
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  32. Stakes, Scales, and Skepticism.Kathryn Francis, Philip Beaman & Nat Hansen - 2019 - Ergo: An Open Access Journal of Philosophy 6:427--487.
    There is conflicting experimental evidence about whether the “stakes” or importance of being wrong affect judgments about whether a subject knows a proposition. To date, judgments about stakes effects on knowledge have been investigated using binary paradigms: responses to “low” stakes cases are compared with responses to “high stakes” cases. However, stakes or importance are not binary properties—they are scalar: whether a situation is “high” or “low” stakes is a matter of degree. So far, no experimental work has investigated the (...)
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  33. Agency and dialectics: What critical realism can learn from Althusser's Marxism.Kathryn Dean - 2006 - In Realism, Philosophy and Social Science. Palgrave-Macmillan. pp. 123--147.
     
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  34. Music and Mathematics: Modest Support for the Oft-Claimed Relationship.Kathryn Vaughn - 2000 - The Journal of Aesthetic Education 34 (3/4):149.
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  35.  50
    Virtual morality: transitioning from moral judgment to moral action?Kathryn B. Francis, Charles Howard, Ian S. Howard, Michaela Gummerum, Giorgio Ganis, Grace Anderson & Sylvia Terbeck - unknown
    The nature of moral action versus moral judgment has been extensively debated in numerous disciplines. We introduce Virtual Reality (VR) moral paradigms examining the action individuals take in a high emotionally arousing, direct action-focused, moral scenario. In two studies involving qualitatively different populations, we found a greater endorsement of utilitarian responses–killing one in order to save many others–when action was required in moral virtual dilemmas compared to their judgment counterparts. Heart rate in virtual moral dilemmas was significantly increased when compared (...)
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  36.  10
    Conscience and its recovery: from the Frankfurt School to feminism.Guyton B. Hammond - 1993 - Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia.
    The lack of moral conscience in contemporary society is frequently noted and lamented, but how valid is the idea of "conscience" today? Does it have a referent, or is the concept merely rhetorical? Guyton B. Hammond proposes in this book that the concept is valid, but that for its utopian possibilities to be recovered it must be revised.
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  37.  31
    Closed-class immanence in sentence production.Kathryn Bock - 1989 - Cognition 31 (2):163-186.
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  38.  39
    Feminist Philosophy and the Women's Movement.Kathryn Pyne Addelson - 1994 - Hypatia 9 (3):216 - 224.
    Feminist philosophy is now an established subdiscipline, but it began as an effort to transform the profession. Academics and activists worked together to make the new courses, and feminist theory was tested in the streets. As time passed, the "second wave" receded, but core elements of feminist theory were preserved in the academy. How can feminist philosophers today continue the early efforts of changing profession and the society, hand in hand with women outside the academy.
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  39.  35
    Health Care Accessibility for Chronic Illness Management and End-of-Life Care: A View from Rural America.Kathryn E. Artnak, Richard M. McGraw & Vayden F. Stanley - 2011 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 39 (2):140-155.
    Nearly $2 trillion is spent annually in the U.S. treating chronic illness — yet accessibility to quality health care services in rural communities for the chronically ill and dying remains problematic. Unique barriers present special challenges to a meaningful discussion of and subsequent strategies for addressing these issues in the context of increasingly scarce resources.
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  40.  14
    Man in Estrangement: A Comparison of the Thought of Paul Tillich and Erich Fromm.Guyton B. Hammond - 1966 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 27 (1):142-143.
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  41. The Power of Self-Transcendence.Guyton B. Hammond - 1966
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  42. A long-term therapy case illustrating treatment by attitude.Kathryn Pryor - 2005 - In George Silberschatz (ed.), Transformative Relationships: The Control-Mastery Theory of Psychotherapy. Routledge. pp. 121--151.
     
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  43.  13
    Analysis of Power in Medical Decision-Making: An Argument for Physician Autonomy.Kathryn A. Koch, Bruce W. Meyers & Stephen Sandroni - 1992 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 20 (4):320-326.
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  44.  10
    Corrigendum: Eating Disorder Symptoms and Proneness in Gay Men, Lesbian Women, and Transgender and Gender Non-conforming Adults: Comparative Levels and a Proposed Mediational Model.Kathryn Bell, Elizabeth Rieger & Jameson K. Hirsch - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  45.  33
    Eating Disorder Symptoms and Proneness in Gay Men, Lesbian Women, and Transgender and Non-conforming Adults: Comparative Levels and a Proposed Mediational Model.Kathryn Bell, Elizabeth Rieger & Jameson K. Hirsch - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  46. Socially relevant philosophy of science: An introduction.Kathryn S. Plaisance & Carla Fehr - 2010 - Synthese 177 (3):301-316.
    This paper provides an argument for a more socially relevant philosophy of science (SRPOS). Our aims in this paper are to characterize this body of work in philosophy of science, to argue for its importance, and to demonstrate that there are significant opportunities for philosophy of science to engage with and support this type of research. The impetus of this project was a keen sense of missed opportunities for philosophy of science to have a broader social impact. We illustrate various (...)
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  47.  21
    Analysis of Power in Medical Decision-Making: An Argument for Physician Autonomy.Kathryn A. Koch, Bruce W. Meyers & Stephen Sandroni - 1992 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 20 (4):320-326.
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  48. Less than nothing: Hegel and the shadow of dialectical materialism.Slavoj Žižek - 2012 - New York: Verso.
    In Less Than Nothing, the pinnacle publication of a distinguished career, Slavoj i ek argues that it is imperative that we not simply return to Hegel but that we repeat and exceed his triumphs, overcoming his limitations by being even more ...
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  49.  23
    Susceptibility of rhesus monkeys to the Ponzo illusion.Kathryn A. L. Bayne & Roger T. Davis - 1983 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 21 (6):476-478.
  50.  54
    The Emergence of Clinical Research Ethics Consultation: Insights From a National Collaborative.Kathryn M. Porter, Marion Danis, Holly A. Taylor, Mildred K. Cho & Benjamin S. Wilfond - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (1):39-45.
    The increasing complexity of human subjects research and its oversight has prompted researchers, as well as institutional review boards, to have a forum in which to discuss challenging or novel ethical issues not fully addressed by regulations. Research ethics consultation services provide such a forum. In this article, we rely on the experiences of a national Research Ethics Consultation Collaborative that collected more than 350 research ethics consultations in a repository and published 18 challenging cases with accompanying ethical commentaries to (...)
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