119 found
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  1.  92
    Born Free and Equal?: A Philosophical Inquiry Into the Nature of Discrimination.Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen - 2013 - Oxford University Press.
    This book addresses these three issues: What is discrimination?; What makes it wrong?; What should be done about wrongful discrimination? It argues: that there are different concepts of discrimination; that discrimination is not always morally wrong and that when it is, it is so primarily because of its harmful effects.
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  2.  8
    Luck Egalitarianism.Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen - 2015 - Bloomsbury Academic.
    Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen tackles all the major questions concerning luck egalitarianism, providing deep, penetrating and original discussion of recent academic discourses on distributive justice as well as responses to some of the main objections in the literature. It offers a new answer to the “Why equality?” and “Equality of what?” questions, and provides a robust luck egalitarian response to the recent criticisms of luck egalitarianism by social relations egalitarians. This systematic, theoretical introduction illustrates the broader picture of distributive justice and enables (...)
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  3.  7
    Relational Egalitarianism: Living as Equals.Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen - 2018 - Cambridge University Press.
    Over the last twenty years, many political philosophers have rejected the idea that justice is fundamentally about distribution. Rather, justice is about social relations, and the so-called distributive paradigm should be replaced by a new relational paradigm. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen seeks to describe, refine, and assess these thoughts and to propose a comprehensive form of egalitarianism which includes central elements from both relational and distributive paradigms. He shows why many of the challenges that luck egalitarianism faces reappear, once we try to (...)
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  4. The Badness of Discrimination.Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen - 2006 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 9 (2):167-185.
    The most blatant forms of discrimination are morally outrageous and very obviously so; but the nature and boundaries of discrimination are more controversial, and it is not clear whether all forms of discrimination are morally bad; nor is it clear why objectionable cases of discrimination are bad. In this paper I address these issues. First, I offer a taxonomy of discrimination. I then argue that discrimination is bad, when it is, because it harms people. Finally, I criticize a rival, disrespect-based (...)
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  5.  61
    Why the Moral Equality Account of the Hypocrite’s Lack of Standing to Blame Fails.Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen - 2021 - Analysis 80 (4):666-674.
    It is commonly believed that blamees can dismiss hypocritical blame on the ground that the hypocrite has no standing to blame their target. Many believe that the feature of hypocritical blame that undermines standing to blame is that it involves an implicit denial of the moral equality of persons. After all, the hypocrite treats herself better than her blamee for no good reason. In the light of the complement to hypocrites and a comparison of hypocritical and non-hypocritical blamers subscribing to (...)
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  6. Egalitarianism: New Essays on the Nature and Value of Equality.Nils Holtug & Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (eds.) - 2006 - Clarendon Press.
    The contributors to the volume are: Richard Arneson, Linda Barclay, Thomas Christiano, Nils Holtug, Susan Hurley, Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen, Dennis McKerlie, ...
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  7.  90
    Luck Egalitarians Versus Relational Egalitarians: On the Prospects of a Pluralist Account of Egalitarian Justice.Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen - 2015 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 45 (2):220-241.
    Pluralist egalitarians think that luck and relational egalitarianism each articulates a component in a pluralist account of egalitarian justice. However, this ecumenical view appears problematic in the light of Elizabeth Anderson's claim that the divide arises because two incompatible views of justification are in play, which in turn generates derivative disagreements – e.g. about the proper currency of egalitarian justice. In support of pluralist egalitarianism I argue that two of Anderson's derivative disagreements are not rooted in the disagreement over justification (...)
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  8.  8
    Age Change, Official Age and Fairness in Health.Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen & Thomas Søbirk Petersen - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (9):634-635.
    In a recent JME article, Joona Räsänen makes the case for allowing legal age change. We identify three problems with his argument and, on that basis, propose an improved version thereof. Unfortunately, even the improved argument is vulnerable to the objection that chronological age is a better proxy for justice in health than both legal and what we shall call official age.
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  9.  25
    Out of Proportion? On Surveillance and the Proportionality Requirement.Kira Vrist Rønn & Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen - 2020 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 23 (1):181-199.
    In this article, we critically scrutinize the principle of proportionality when used in the context of security and government surveillance. We argue that McMahan’s distinction from just warfare between narrow proportionality and wide proportionality can generally apply to the context of surveillance. We argue that narrow proportionality applies more or less directly to cases in which the surveilled is liable and that the wide proportionality principle applies to cases characterized by ‘collateral intrusion’. We argue, however, that a more demanding criterion (...)
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  10. Against Self-Ownership: There Are No Fact-Insensitive Ownership Rights Over One's Body.Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen - 2008 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 36 (1):86–118.
  11. “We Are All Different”: Statistical Discrimination and the Right to Be Treated as an Individual.Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen - 2011 - The Journal of Ethics 15 (1-2):47-59.
    There are many objections to statistical discrimination in general and racial profiling in particular. One objection appeals to the idea that people have a right to be treated as individuals. Statistical discrimination violates this right because, presumably, it involves treating people simply on the basis of statistical facts about groups to which they belong while ignoring non-statistical evidence about them. While there is something to this objection—there are objectionable ways of treating others that seem aptly described as failing to treat (...)
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  12. The Routledge Handbook of the Ethics of Discrimination.Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (ed.) - 2017 - Routledge.
    While it has many connections to other topics in normative and applied ethics, discrimination is a central subject in philosophy in its own right. It plays a significant role in relation to many real-life complaints about unjust treatment or unjust inequalities, and it raises a number of questions in political and moral philosophy, and in legal theory. Some of these questions include: what distinguishes the concept of discrimination from the concept of differential treatment? What distinguishes direct from indirect discrimination? Is (...)
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  13. Nothing Personal: On Statistical Discrimination.Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen - 2007 - Journal of Political Philosophy 15 (4):385–403.
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  14. Racial Profiling Versus Community.Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen - 2006 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 23 (2):191–205.
  15. An Introduction to Contemporary Egalitarianism.Nils Holtug & Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen - 2006 - In Nils Holtug & Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (eds.), Egalitarianism: New Essays on the Nature and Value of Equality. Clarendon Press. pp. 1--37.
     
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  16.  23
    Nothing Personal: On Statistical Discrimination &Ast.Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen - 2007 - Journal of Political Philosophy 15 (4):385-403.
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  17.  68
    Moral Status and the Impermissibility of Minimizing Violations.Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen - 1996 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 25 (4):333-351.
  18. Estlund on Epistocracy: A Critique. [REVIEW]Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen - 2012 - Res Publica 18 (3):241-258.
    An influential anti-democratic argument says: ‘(1) Answers to political questions are truth-apt. (2) A small elite only—the epistocrats—knows these truths. (3) If answers to political questions are truth-apt, then those with this knowledge about these matters should rule. (4) Thus, epistocrats should rule.’ Many democrats have responded by denying (1), arguing that, say, answers to political questions are a matter of sheer personal preference. Others have rejected (2), contending that knowledge of the true answers to political questions is evenly distributed. (...)
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  19.  2
    Making Sense of Affirmative Action.Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen - 2020 - Oup Usa.
    In this book Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen address the complexities of his question "Is affirmative action morally justifiable?" by analyzing the prevailing contemporary arguments both for and against affirmative action. The book applies current political philosophy to demonstrate that arguments on both sides justify different conclusions given different specific cases, though it ultimately does argue in favor of affirmative action based on the relative strength and significance of the anti-discrimination- and equality of opportunity-based positions.
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  20. The Badness of Discrimination.Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen - 2007 - International Journal of Ethics 5 (1-2):69-88.
     
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  21. Identification and Responsibility.Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen - 2003 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 6 (4):349-376.
    Real-self accounts of moral responsibility distinguish between various types of motivational elements. They claim that an agent is responsible for acts suitably related to elements that constitute the agent's real self. While such accounts have certain advantages from a compatibilist perspective, they are problematic in various ways. First, in it, authority and authenticity conceptions of the real self are often inadequately distinguished. Both of these conceptions inform discourse on identification, but only the former is relevant to moral responsibility. Second, authority (...)
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  22.  71
    Democratic Egalitarianism Versus Luck Egalitarianism: What Is at Stake?Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen - 2012 - Philosophical Topics 40 (1):117-134.
    This paper takes a fresh look at Elizabeth Anderson’s democratic egalitarianism and its relation to luck egalitarianism in the light of recent trends toward greater socioeconomic inequality. Anderson’s critique of luck egalitarianism and her alternative ideal of democratic equality are set out. It is then argued that the former is not very powerful, and that the latter is vulnerable to many of Anderson’s criticisms of luck egalitarianism. The paper also seeks to show that, on many of the issues over which (...)
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  23. Intentions and Discrimination in Hiring.Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen - 2012 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 9 (1):55-74.
    Fundamentally, intentions do not matter to the permissibility of actions, according to Thomas Scanlon (among others). Yet, discriminatory intentions seem essential to certain kinds of direct discrimination in hiring and firing, and appear to be something by virtue of which, in part at least, these kinds of discrimination are morally impermissible. Scanlon's account of the wrongness of discrimination attempts to accommodate this appearance through the notion of the expressive meaning of discriminatory acts and a certain view about how permissibility relates (...)
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  24.  19
    Barry and Øverland on Singer and Assistance-Based Duties.Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen - 2019 - Ethics and Global Politics 12 (1):15-23.
  25.  82
    Vote Buying and Election Promises: Should Democrats Care About the Difference?Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen - 2011 - Journal of Political Philosophy 19 (2):125-144.
  26.  81
    Hurley on Egalitarianism and the Luck-Neutralizing Aim.Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen - 2005 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 4 (2):249-265.
    s admirable new book, Justice, Luck, and Knowledge , brings together recent developments in the fields of responsibility and egalitarian justice. This article focuses on Hurley’s critique of luck-neutralizing egalitarianism. The article concludes that the bad-luck-neutralizing aim serves better as a justificatory basis for egalitarianism than the more general luck-neutralizing aim. Since the former does not simply assume that we should aim for equality, Hurley has not demonstrated (nor indeed does she claim to have shown) that this concern cannot form (...)
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  27.  5
    Neuro-Doping and Fairness.Thomas Søbirk Petersen & Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen - 2021 - Neuroethics 14 (2):179-190.
    In this article, we critically discuss different versions of the fairness objection to the legalisation of neuro-doping. According to this objection, legalising neuro-doping will result in some enjoying an unfair advantage over others. Basically, we assess four versions. These focus on: 1) the unequal opportunities of winning for athletes who use neuro-doping and for those who do not; 2) the unfair advantages specifically for wealthy athletes; 3) the unfairness of athletic advantages not derived from athletes’ own training ; and 4) (...)
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  28. Why Killing Some People is More Seriously Wrong Than Killing Others.Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen - 2007 - Ethics 117 (4):716-738.
  29.  44
    Luck-Egalitarianism: Faults and Collective Choice: Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen.Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen - 2011 - Economics and Philosophy 27 (2):151-173.
    A standard formulation of luck-egalitarianism says that ‘it is [in itself] bad – unjust and unfair – for some to be worse off than others [through no fault or choice of their own]’, where ‘fault or choice’ means substantive responsibility-generating fault or choice. This formulation is ambiguous: one ambiguity concerns the possible existence of a gap between what is true of each worse-off individual and what is true of the group of worse-off individuals, fault or choice-wise, the other concerns the (...)
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  30. Scanlon on the Doctrine of Double Effect.Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen - 2010 - Social Theory and Practice 36 (4):541-564.
    In recent work, T.M. Scanlon has unsuccessfully challenged the doctrine of double effect (DDE). First, comparing actions reflecting faulty moral deliberations and involving merely foreseen harm with actions reflecting less faulty moral deliberations involving intended harm suggests that proponents of DDE do not confuse the critical and the deliberative uses of moral principles. Second, Scanlon submits that it is odd to say to a deliberating agent that the permissibility of the actions she ponders depends on the intention with which she (...)
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  31.  65
    Justice and Bad Luck.Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  32. The Insignificance of the Distinction Between Telic and Deontic Egalitarianism.Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen - 2006 - In Nils Holtug & Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (eds.), Egalitarianism: New Essays on the Nature and Value of Equality. Clarendon Press.
  33.  36
    Justice and the Allocation of Healthcare Resources: Should Indirect, Non-Health Effects Count? [REVIEW]Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen & Sigurd Lauridsen - 2010 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 13 (3):237-246.
    Alternative allocations of a fixed bundle of healthcare resources often involve significantly different indirect, non-health effects. The question arises whether these effects must figure in accounts of the conditions under which a distribution of healthcare resources is morally justifiable. In this article we defend a Scanlonian, affirmative answer to this question: healthcare resource managers should sometimes select an allocation which has worse direct, health-related effects but better indirect, nonhealth effects; they should do this when the interests served by such a (...)
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  34. Ethics, Organ Donation and Tax: A Proposal.Thomas Søbirk Petersen & Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen - 2012 - Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (8):451-457.
    Five arguments are presented in favour of the proposal that people who opt in as organ donors should receive a tax break. These arguments appeal to welfare, autonomy, fairness, distributive justice and self-ownership, respectively. Eight worries about the proposal are considered in this paper. These objections focus upon no-effect and counter-productiveness, the Titmuss concern about social meaning, exploitation of the poor, commodification, inequality and unequal status, the notion that there are better alternatives, unacceptable expense, and concerns about the veto of (...)
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  35.  29
    What Mr. Spock Told the Earthlings: The Aims of Political Philosophy, Action-Guidingness and Fact-Dependency.Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen - 2019 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 22 (1):71-86.
  36. Responsible Nations: Miller on National Responsibility.Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen - 2009 - Ethics and Global Politics 2 (2):109-130.
    In National Responsibility and Global Justice, David Miller defends the view that a member of a nation can be collectively responsible for an outcome despite the fact that: (i) she did not control it; (ii) she actively opposed those of her nation’s policies that produced the outcome; and (iii) actively opposing the relevant policy was costly for her. I argue that Miller’s arguments in favor of this strong externalist view about responsibility and control are insufficient. Specifically, I show that Miller’s (...)
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  37.  23
    Introduction.Theresa Scavenius & Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen - 2019 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 22 (1):1-4.
  38.  21
    Precís of Luck Egalitarianism.Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen - 2019 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 22 (3):245-252.
  39.  35
    Desert, Bell Motion, and Fairness.Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen - 2016 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 10 (3):639-655.
    In this critical review, I address two themes from Shelly Kagan’s path-breaking The Geometry of Desert. First I explain the so-called “bell motion” of desert mountains—a notion reflecting that, ceteris paribus, as people get more virtuous it becomes more important not to give them too little of whatever they deserve than not to give them too much. Having argued that Kagan’s defense of it is unsatisfactory, I offer two objections to the existence of the bell motion. Second, I take up (...)
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  40.  19
    Deontology, Responsibility, and Equality.Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen - 2005 - Institut for Medier, Erkendelse Og Formidling, Afdeling for Filosofi, Pædagogik Og Retorik, University of Copenhagen.
    This book has been accepted at the University of Copenhagen for a public defence as a Dr Phil dissertation.
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  41.  17
    Just Annexation.Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen - 2019 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 36 (2):290-297.
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  42.  74
    Publicity and Egalitarian Justice.Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen - 2008 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 5 (1):30-49.
    Recently, the issue of publicity has surfaced in discussions of the correct interpretation of the Rawlsian principles of justice. In an intriguing critique of G.A. Cohen's preferred interpretation of the difference principle as a principle that is incompatible with incentive-based inequalities, Andrew Williams points to a gap in Cohen's argument, alleging that Cohen's interpretation of the difference principle is unlikely to be compatible with the Rawlsian endorsement of publicity. Having explored a possible extrapolation of Cohen's critique to aggregate consumer choices (...)
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  43.  31
    Are Question – Begging Arguments Necessarily Unreasonable?Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen - 2001 - Philosophical Studies 104 (2):123 - 141.
  44.  32
    On Denying A Significant Version Of The Constancy Assumption.Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen - 1999 - Theoria 65 (2-3):90-113.
  45.  15
    The Benefits of Injustice and Its Correction: A Challenge to the Duty Not to Benefit Innocently From Injustice☆.Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen - forthcoming - Journal of Political Philosophy.
    Journal of Political Philosophy, EarlyView.
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  46. Kamm on Inviolability and Agent-Relative Restrictions.Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen - 2009 - Res Publica 15 (2):165-178.
    Agent-relative restrictions prohibit minimizing violations: that is, they require us not to minimize the total number of their violations by violating them ourselves. Frances Kamm has explained this prohibition in terms of the moral worth of persons, which, in turn, she explains in terms of persons’ high moral status as inviolable beings. I press the following criticism of this account: even if minimizing violations are permissible, we need not have a lower moral status provided other determinants thereof boost it. Thus, (...)
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  47. Luck Egalitarianism and Group Responsibility.Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen - 2011 - In Carl Knight & Zofia Stemplowska (eds.), Responsibility and Distributive Justice. Oxford University Press.
  48.  19
    Praising Without Standing.Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen - forthcoming - The Journal of Ethics:1-18.
    Philosophers analyzing standing to blame have argued that in view of a blamer’s own fault she can lack standing to blame another for an act even if the act is blameworthy and that standingless, hypocritical blame is pro tanto morally wrongful. The bearing of these conclusions on standing to praise is yet to receive the attention it deserves. I defend two claims. The first is the conditional claim that if and are true, so are and. The latter are: a praiser (...)
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  49. Sports : Prohibiting Drugs in Sports : An Enhanced Proposal.Thomas Petersen & Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen - 2007 - In Jesper Ryberg, Thomas S. Petersen & Clark Wolf (eds.), New Waves in Applied Ethics. Palgrave-Macmillan. pp. 237--60.
     
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  50.  38
    Discrimination and the Aim of Proportional Representation.Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen - 2008 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 7 (2):159-182.
    Many organizations, companies, and so on are committed to certain representational aims as regards the composition of their workforce. One motivation for such aims is the assumption that numerical underrepresentation of groups manifests discrimination against them. In this article, I articulate representational aims in a way that best captures this rationale. My main claim is that the achievement of such representational aims is reducible to the elimination of the effects of wrongful discrimination on individuals and that this very important concern (...)
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