Results for 'Kasandra Barker'

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Kasandra Barker
University of Arkansas, Little Rock
  1. The Island Has Its Reasons: Moral Subjectivism in Fiction.Kasandra Barker - 2016 - Dialogue 55 (2):121-124.
    Tamar Gendler takes on “explaining our comparative difficulty in imagining fictional worlds that we take to be morally deviant” (56), otherwise known as the puzzle of imaginative resistance. Generally speaking, readers have no trouble believing untrue factual claims such as in Alice in Wonderland or The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, but we resist claims which advocate praise or approval of immoral acts such as murder. Gendler submits that the implied author aims to persuade the reader to change his or her (...)
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  2. The Report of the Public Discussion at Stockport, Between Mr. John Bowes ... And Mr. Joseph Barker ... The Question for Debate: - "Are the Scriptures of the Old and New Testaments of Supernatural Origin and Divine Authority ; Are the Doctrines Conducive to Morality and Virtue?". [REVIEW]John Bowes & Joseph Barker - 1855 - R. Bulman G. Gallie.
     
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  3. Well-Being, Disability, and Choosing Children.Matthew J. Barker & Robert A. Wilson - 2019 - Mind 128 (510):305-328.
    The view that it is better for life to be created free of disability is pervasive in both common sense and philosophy. We cast doubt on this view by focusing on an influential line of thinking that manifests it. That thinking begins with a widely-discussed principle, Procreative Beneficence, and draws conclusions about parental choice and disability. After reconstructing two versions of this argument, we critique the first by exploring the relationship between different understandings of well-being and disability, and the second (...)
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  4. Monism and Material Constitution.Stephen Barker & Mark Jago - 2014 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 95 (1):189-204.
    Are the sculpture and the mass of gold which permanently makes it up one object or two? In this article, we argue that the monist, who answers ‘one object’, cannot accommodate the asymmetry of material constitution. To say ‘the mass of gold materially constitutes the sculpture, whereas the sculpture does not materially constitute the mass of gold’, the monist must treat ‘materially constitutes’ as an Abelardian predicate, whose denotation is sensitive to the linguistic context in which it appears. We motivate (...)
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  5. Illocutionary Acts and Sentence Meaning.Stephen Barker - 2002 - Mind 111 (443):633-639.
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  6.  3
    The Transcendental and the Agonistic: A Media Philosophy Perspective.Timothy Barker - 2022 - Foundations of Science 27 (2):521-525.
    This critical response to Dominic Smith’s ‘Taking Exception: Philosophy of Technology as a Multidimensional Problem Space’ begins by outlining the key contributions of his essay, namely his insightful approach to the transcendental, on the one hand, and his introduction of the topological problem space as an image for thought, on the other. The response then suggests ways of furthering this approach by addressing potential reservations about determinism. The response concludes by suggesting a way out of these questions of determinism by (...)
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  7. Being Positive About Negative Facts.Mark Jago & Stephen Barker - 2012 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 85 (1):117-138.
    Negative facts get a bad press. One reason for this is that it is not clear what negative facts are. We provide a theory of negative facts on which they are no stranger than positive atomic facts. We show that none of the usual arguments hold water against this account. Negative facts exist in the usual sense of existence and conform to an acceptable Eleatic principle. Furthermore, there are good reasons to want them around, including their roles in causation, chance-making (...)
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  8. When Traditional Essentialism Fails: Biological Natural Kinds.Robert A. Wilson, Matthew J. Barker & Ingo Brigandt - 2007 - Philosophical Topics 35 (1-2):189-215.
    Essentialism is widely regarded as a mistaken view of biological kinds, such as species. After recounting why (sections 2-3), we provide a brief survey of the chief responses to the “death of essentialism” in the philosophy of biology (section 4). We then develop one of these responses, the claim that biological kinds are homeostatic property clusters (sections 5-6) illustrating this view with several novel examples (section 7). Although this view was first expressed 20 years ago, and has received recent discussion (...)
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  9. Explaining Crossover and Superiority as Left-to-Right Evaluation.Chung-Chieh Shan & Chris Barker - 2005 - Linguistics and Philosophy 29 (1):91 - 134.
    We present a general theory of scope and binding in which both crossover and superiority violations are ruled out by one key assumption: that natural language expressions are normally evaluated (processed) from left to right. Our theory is an extension of Shan’s (2002) account of multiple-wh questions, combining continuations (Barker, 2002) and dynamic type-shifting. Like other continuation-based analyses, but unlike most other treatments of crossover or superiority, our analysis is directly compositional (in the sense of, e.g., Jacobson, 1999). In (...)
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  10.  26
    A New Model for the Origins of Chronic Disease.D. J. P. Barker - 2001 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 4 (1):31-35.
    Living things are often plastic during their early development and are moulded by the environment. Many human fetuses have to adapt to a limited supply of nutrients, and in doing so they permanently change their physiology and metabolism. These programmed changes may be the origins of a number of diseases in later life, including coronary heart disease, stroke, diabetes and hypertension.
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  11. John Barker.Nick Zangwill - 2009 - Sztuka I Filozofia (Art and Philosophy) 35.
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  12.  25
    The Anatomy of Inquiry: Philosophical Studies in the Theory of Science.S. F. Barker - 1966 - Journal of Philosophy 63 (12):358-363.
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  13. The Cognitive Structure of Scientific Revolutions.Hanne Andersen, Peter Barker & Xiang Chen - 2006 - Cambridge University Press.
    Thomas Kuhn's Structure of Scientific Revolutions became the most widely read book about science in the twentieth century. His terms 'paradigm' and 'scientific revolution' entered everyday speech, but they remain controversial. In the second half of the twentieth century, the new field of cognitive science combined empirical psychology, computer science, and neuroscience. In this book, the theories of concepts developed by cognitive scientists are used to evaluate and extend Kuhn's most influential ideas. Based on case studies of the Copernican revolution, (...)
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  14.  22
    Working with the Metaphor of Life and Death.P. Barker - 2000 - Medical Humanities 26 (2):97-102.
    The experience of being human is intangible. As a result, descriptions of human experience rely heavily on metaphor to convey something of that whole lived experience. By contrast, contemporary scientific narratives of the mind emphasise the form of human thought and emotion, over the content of people's experience, where constructive attempts are made to explain the experience of self, through metaphorical allusion. This paper considers the importance of metaphor as a vehicle for expressing and exploring selfhood. Examples from the psychiatric (...)
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  15.  8
    Ernest Barker on the Composition and Structure of Aristotle's Politics.Eckart Schütrumpf - 2006 - Polis: The Journal for Ancient Greek Political Thought 23 (2):286-301.
    E. Barker twice wrote essays entitled ‘The composition and structure of Aristotle’s Politics’, first as a journal article in 1931, and later in 1946 as part of the introduction to his translation of the Politics. In these two essays, he came to exactly the opposite conclusions. In the first paper, he distinguished three periods in Aristotle’s life and assigned to each of them three ‘blocks’ in the Politics, based on the criterion of how closely these blocks were related to, (...)
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  16.  4
    Intrinsically Alpha º Relations.E. Barker - 1988 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 39 (2):105.
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  17.  45
    Some Reflections on Two Books by Ellen Wood.Colin Barker - 1997 - Historical Materialism 1 (1):22-65.
    Some time ago, the editors of Monthly Review invited me to submit a short review of two recent books by Ellen Wood: The Pristine Culture of Capitalism, and Democracy Against Capitalism. I found myself, in the course of re-reading these books, filled with admiration for most of what the author said, and indeed, for the manner in which she presented her case. At various points, however, I found myself not fully satisfied. But a short review was not the place to (...)
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  18.  47
    E. Barker : Aristotle, Politics. Revised with an Introduction and Notes by R. F. Stalley. Pp. Xlvii+423; 2 Maps. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995. Paper, £6.99. [REVIEW]P. J. Rhodes - 1995 - The Classical Review 45 (2):461-461.
  19.  11
    Monism and Material Constitution.Mark Jago Stephen Barker - 2014 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 95 (2):189-204.
    Are the sculpture and the mass of gold which permanently makes it up one object or two? In this article, we argue that the monist, who answers ‘one object’, cannot accommodate the asymmetry of material constitution. To say ‘the mass of gold materially constitutes the sculpture, whereas the sculpture does not materially constitute the mass of gold’, the monist must treat ‘materially constitutes’ as an Abelardian predicate, whose denotation is sensitive to the linguistic context in which it appears. We motivate (...)
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  20.  4
    Philosophy of Conduct: A Treatise of the Facts, Principles, and Ideals of Ethics.H. Barker - 1902 - Philosophical Review 11 (6):617-627.
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  21. BARKER, E. -The Politics of Aristotle. [REVIEW]R. Robinson - 1947 - Mind 56:398.
     
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  22.  57
    Ethics and Ethos: The Buffering and Amplifying Effects of Ethical Behavior and Virtuousness. [REVIEW]Arran Caza, Brianna A. Barker & Kim S. Cameron - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics 52 (2):169-178.
    Logical and moral arguments have been made for the organizational importance of ethos or virtuousness, in addition to ethics and responsibility. Research evidence is beginning to provide, empirical support for such normative claims. This paper considers the relationship between ethics and ethos in contemporary organizations by summarizing emerging findings that link virtuousness and performance. The effect of virtue in organizations derives from its buffering and amplifying effects, both of which are described.
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  23.  31
    Private Law, Analytical Philosophy and the Modern Value of Wesley Newcomb Hohfeld: A Centennial Appraisal.Kit Barker - 2018 - Oxford Journal of Legal Studies.
    Hohfeld is one of the best-known analytical philosophers to have written in the area of private law in western, common law legal systems in the twentieth century, but it is sometimes suggested that his scheme has had little impact on the law. One hundred years after his death, this article assesses the man and the impact of his work, noting a resurgence of interest in him amongst both commentators and courts. It suggests that there are two good reasons why his (...)
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  24.  73
    The Biological Notion of Individual.Robert A. Wilson & Matthew J. Barker - 2013 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Individuals are a prominent part of the biological world. Although biologists and philosophers of biology draw freely on the concept of an individual in articulating both widely accepted and more controversial claims, there has been little explicit work devoted to the biological notion of an individual itself. How should we think about biological individuals? What are the roles that biological individuals play in processes such as natural selection (are genes and groups also units of selection?), speciation (are species individuals?), and (...)
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  25.  22
    Ernest Barker and the Classical Tradition: Two Studies.Robert B. Todd - 2006 - Polis 23 (2):368-384.
    This paper first traces the general influence of Ernest Barker's undergraduate training in Oxford's School of Literae Humaniores on his later work on ancient political thought, and in particular shows how Idealism conditioned his view that the major ancient texts were perennially relevant and also applicable to practical affairs. The second part of the paper is based on a letter that Barker wrote to E.R. Dodds in 1953 critical of Dodds's negative perspective in The Greeks and the Irrational (...)
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  26. Joseph Barker and Popular Biblical Criticism in the Nineteenth Century.Timothy Larsen - 2000 - Bulletin of the John Rylands Library 82 (1):115-134.
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  27. Barker, Philip, Michel Foucault: Subversions of the Subject.W. McDonald - 1995 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 73:631-631.
     
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  28.  10
    Ernest Barker and Greek Political Thought: Plato.Quentin Taylor - 2006 - Polis: The Journal for Ancient Greek Political Thought 23 (2):222-242.
    For much of the twentieth century Ernest Barker was the most frequently cited authority on Greek political thought in the English-speaking world. The centenary of his first publication, The Political Thought of Plato and Aristotle, provides a fitting occasion to commemorate his seminal and enduring contribution to the subject. In the first of two articles, I explore Barker’s treatment of Plato, particularly as a foil for developing his own synthetic brand of neo-idealism. With a focus on the Republic, (...)
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  29.  83
    The Tidal Model: The Lived-Experience in Person-Centred Mental Health Nursing Care.Phil Barker - 2001 - Nursing Philosophy 2 (3):213-223.
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  30.  53
    Kant on Modality.Colin Marshall & Aaron Barker - forthcoming - In Anil Gomes & Andrew Stephenson (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Kant. Oxford University Press.
    This chapter analyzes several key themes in Kant’s views about modality. We begin with the pre-critical Only Possible Argument in Support of a Demonstration of the Existence of God, in which Kant distinguishes between formal and material elements of possibility, claims that all possibility requires an actual ground, and argues for the existence of a single necessary being. We then briefly consider how Kant’s views change in his mature period, especially concerning the role of form and thought in defining modality. (...)
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  31. Donkey Anaphora is in-Scope Binding.C. C. Shan & C. Barker - 2008 - Semantics and Pragmatics 1:91-134.
     
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  32.  45
    Barker and Achinstein on Goodman.Gary Sollazzo - 1972 - Philosophical Studies 23 (1-2):91 - 97.
    Barker and Achinstein think that it is not possible for a predicate like grue to serve as well as a predicate like green in the role of a qualitative or non-positional predicate. Their arguments consist in a number of attempts to show that one who possesses green in his language can do things with that predicate which one who must work with grue instead cannot do. However, they succeed in showing only that a qualitative predicate is better adapted to (...)
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  33.  35
    Respect for Persons, Informed Consent Andthe Assessment of Infectious Disease Risks in Xenotransplantation.Jeffrey H. Barker & Lauren Polcrack - 2001 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 4 (1):53-70.
    Given the increasing need for solid organ and tissue transplants and the decreasing supply of suitable allographic organs and tissue to meet this need, it is understandable that the hope for successful xenotransplantation has resurfaced in recent years. The biomedical obstacles to xenotransplantation encountered in previous attempts could be mitigated or overcome by developments in immunosuppression and especially by genetic manipulation of organ source animals. In this essay we consider the history of xenotransplantation, discuss the biomedical obstacles to success, explore (...)
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  34.  11
    Ernest Barker: Classics, England-Britain, and Europe, 1906–1960.Julia Stapleton - 2006 - Polis: The Journal for Ancient Greek Political Thought 23 (2):203-221.
    Ernest Barker’s contributions to the study of classical political thought have remained a benchmark in that field for much of the twentieth century. This introduction seeks to place his output in historical context, examining the professional, political and personal factors which underpinned his success as an interpreter of Plato and Aristotle, especially. It considers his education, the popular nature of his work, his ambiguous relationship to the establishment, his English-British patriotism, his European connections and perspective, his dual career as (...)
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  35. Pathogens and Immigrants: A Critical Appraisal of the Behavioral Immune System as an Explanation of Prejudice Against Ethnic Outgroups.Isabel Kusche & Jessica L. Barker - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  36.  16
    Gillian Barker. Beyond Biofatalism: Human Nature for An Evolving World. [REVIEW]Marion Hourdequin - 2017 - Environmental Philosophy 14 (1):143-146.
  37.  8
    Barker Ancient Greek Writers on Their Musical Past: Studies in Greek Musical Historiography. Pisa and Rome: Fabrizio Serra Editore, 2014. Pp. 114. €36. 9788862276894. [REVIEW]Tom Phillips - 2015 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 135:203-204.
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  38.  32
    Book Review Daniel Dennett. [REVIEW]Gillian Barker - 2005 - Philosophy of Science 72 (3):508-510.
  39. Continuity Through Revolutions: A Frame-Based Account of Conceptual Change During Scientific Revolutions.Xiang Chen & Peter Barker - 2000 - Philosophy of Science 67 (3):223.
    In this paper we examine the pattern of conceptual change during scientific revolutions by using methods from cognitive psychology. We show that the changes characteristic of scientific revolutions, especially taxonomic changes, can occur in a continuous manner. Using the frame model of concept representation to capture structural relations within concepts and the direct links between concept and taxonomy, we develop an account of conceptual change in science that more adequately reflects the current understanding that episodes like the Copernican revolution are (...)
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  40. Biological Individuals.Robert A. Wilson & Matthew J. Barker - 2019 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy 1 (1).
    The impressive variation amongst biological individuals generates many complexities in addressing the simple-sounding question what is a biological individual? A distinction between evolutionary and physiological individuals is useful in thinking about biological individuals, as is attention to the kinds of groups, such as superorganisms and species, that have sometimes been thought of as biological individuals. More fully understanding the conceptual space that biological individuals occupy also involves considering a range of other concepts, such as life, reproduction, and agency. There has (...)
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  41.  5
    The Ethical Theory of Hegel: A Study of the Philosophy of Right.H. Barker - 1923 - International Journal of Ethics 33 (2):216-218.
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  42.  1
    Revolution and Continuity Essays in the History and Philosophy of Early Modern Science.Peter Barker & Roger Ariew - 1991 - Cua Press.
    This volume presents new work in history and historiography to the increasingly broad audience for studies of the history and philosophy of science. These essays are linked by a concern to understand the context of early modern science in its own context.
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  43. Towards Closure on Closure.Fred Adams, John A. Barker & Julia Figurelli - 2012 - Synthese 188 (2):179-196.
    Tracking theories of knowledge are widely known to have the consequence that knowledge is not closed. Recent arguments by Vogel and Hawthorne claim both that there are no legitimate examples of knowledge without closure and that the costs of theories that deny closure are too great. This paper considers the tracking theories of Dretske and Nozick and the arguments by Vogel and Hawthorne. We reject the arguments of Vogel and Hawthorne and evaluate the costs of closure denial for tracking theories (...)
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  44.  4
    Evolution and Theology, and Other Essays.H. Barker - 1901 - International Journal of Ethics 11 (4):533-534.
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  45. Autism and the "Theory of Mind" Debate.Robert M. Gordon & John A. Barker - 1994 - In George Graham & G. Lynn Stephens (eds.), Philosophical Psychopathology. MIT Press.
  46.  13
    Peter Barker and Roger Ariew , Revolution and Continuity: Essays in the History and Philosophy of Early Modern Science. Washington, DC: The Catholic University of America Press, 1991. Pp. V + 222. ISBN 0-8132-0738-X. $42.95. [REVIEW]Antoni Malet - 1993 - British Journal for the History of Science 26 (1):88-89.
  47.  11
    Book Review:The Philosophy of Auguste Comte. L. Levy-Bruhl. [REVIEW]Henry Barker - 1904 - Ethics 14 (4):508-.
  48.  50
    Dualisms, Discourse, and Development. [REVIEW]Drucilla K. Barker - 1998 - Hypatia 13 (3):83 - 94.
    This essay reviews a body of literature on feminism, development, and knowledge construction. This literature rejects essentialist constructions of women, challenges the universality of the Western scientific method, and creates a discursive space for reconstructing the dualisms embedded in the modern worldview. It suggests that an understanding of knowledge systems other than the modern one can aid us in constructing epistemologies that result in less dominating ways of producing knowledge.
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  49.  90
    On the Ethics of Facial Transplantation Research.Osborne P. Wiggins, John H. Barker, Serge Martinez, Marieke Vossen, Claudio Maldonado, Federico V. Grossi, Cedric G. Francois, Michael Cunningham, Gustavo Perez-Abadia, Moshe Kon & Joseph C. Banis - 2004 - American Journal of Bioethics 4 (3):1 – 12.
    Transplantation continues to push the frontiers of medicine into domains that summon forth troublesome ethical questions. Looming on the frontier today is human facial transplantation. We develop criteria that, we maintain, must be satisfied in order to ethically undertake this as-yet-untried transplant procedure. We draw on the criteria advanced by Dr. Francis Moore in the late 1980s for introducing innovative procedures in transplant surgery. In addition to these we also insist that human face transplantation must meet all the ethical requirements (...)
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  50. Kuhn's Theory of Scientific Revolutions and Cognitive Psychology.Xiang Chen, Hanne Andersen & Peter Barker - 1998 - Philosophical Psychology 11 (1):5 – 28.
    In a previous article we have shown that Kuhn's theory of concepts is independently supported by recent research in cognitive psychology. In this paper we propose a cognitive re-reading of Kuhn's cyclical model of scientific revolutions: all of the important features of the model may now be seen as consequences of a more fundamental account of the nature of concepts and their dynamics. We begin by examining incommensurability, the central theme of Kuhn's theory of scientific revolutions, according to two different (...)
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