Results for 'Kara Cohen'

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  1.  45
    An Evidence-Based Study of the Evolutionary Behavioral Sciences.Edouard Machery & Kara Cohen - 2012 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 63 (1):177-226.
    The disagreement between philosophers about the scientific worth of the evolutionary behavioral sciences (evolutionary psychology, human behavioral ecology, etc.) is in part due to the fact that critics and advocates of these sciences characterize them very differently. In this article, by analyzing quantitatively the citations made in the articles published in Evolution & Human Behavior between January 2000 and December 2002, we provide some evidence that undermines the characterization of the evolutionary behavioral sciences put forward by their critics.
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  2.  28
    Ethical Evaluations of Business Students in an Emerging Market: Effects of Ethical Sensitivity, Cultural Values, Personality, and Religiosity.Ali Kara, José I. Rojas-Méndez & Mehmet Turan - 2016 - Journal of Academic Ethics 14 (4):297-325.
    Business ethics has become a very important concern in global business and understanding the effects of various factors on ethical judgments continues to attract research and practitioner attention. Using the Multidimensional Ethics Scale with its five generally accepted philosophical constructs, and vignettes developed by Cohen et al., current study investigates the relationship between cultural values, personality, religiosity and the ethical sensitivity of business students. We focus on a rapidly emerging country, Turkey, whose economic environment is similar to that of (...)
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  3.  28
    Mélanges Marcel CohenMelanges Marcel Cohen.Jonas C. Greenfield & David Cohen - 1975 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 95 (1):112.
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  4.  31
    Morris R. Cohen's the Meaning of Human HistoryThe Meaning of Human History.John Herman Randall & Morris R. Cohen - 1949 - Journal of the History of Ideas 10 (2):305.
  5. " Traktat o rzeczach następujących po sobie", przypisywany Williamowi Ockhamowi, część pierwsza:" Traktat o ruchu"/z jęz łac. tł. Marcin Karaś. [REVIEW]Marcin Karaś & William Ockham - 2007 - Archiwum Historii Filozofii I Myśli Społecznej 52.
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  6. " Traktat o rzeczach następujących po sobie", przypisywany Williamowi Ockhamowi, część trzecia:" Traktat o czasie"/z jęz. łac. tł. Marcin Karaś. [REVIEW]Marcin Karaś & William Ockham - 2006 - Archiwum Historii Filozofii I Myśli Społecznej 50.
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  7. Traktat o rzeczach następujących po sobie, przypisywany Williamowi Ockhamowi: część druga: Traktat o miejscu/z jęz. łac. tł. Marcin Karas. [REVIEW]Marcin Karas & William Ockham - 2008 - Archiwum Historii Filozofii I Myśli Społecznej 53.
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  8.  36
    American Thought: A Critical Sketch. By M. R. Cohen (Edited by F. S. Cohen). (The Free Press, Glencoe, Illinois. 1954.Pp. 360. Price $5.00.). [REVIEW]L. Jonathan Cohen - 1956 - Philosophy 31 (117):166-.
  9.  14
    Morris R. Cohen, the Teacher.Leonora Cohen Rosenfield - 1957 - Journal of the History of Ideas 18 (1/4):552.
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  10.  30
    Mindblindness an Essay on Autism and "Theory of Mind".Simon Baron-Cohen - 1995 - MIT Press.
    This text argues that specific neurocognitive mechanisms have evolved that result in "mindreading", an ability to interpret, for the most part unconsciously, non-verbal actions. It suggests that autistic children suffer from "mindblindness" due to selective developmental.
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  11.  24
    Hermann Cohen and Kant’s Concept of Experience.Nicholas F. Stang - 2018 - In Christian Damböck (ed.), Philosophie Und Wissenschaft Bei Hermann Cohen/Philosophy and Science in Hermann Cohen. Springer Verlag. pp. 13-40.
    Hermann Cohen’s 1871 classic, Kants Theorie der Erfahrung, had a formative influence, not only on the Marburg school’s reading of Kant, but on their entire conception of philosophy. This influence was further magnified by the substantially revised and expanded second edition of 1885 and the yet further expanded third edition of 1918. Neo-Kantianism was the dominant philosophical movement in Germany in the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries, which means that a work, ostensibly, of Kant scholarship had an influence on (...)
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  12. An Essay on Belief and Acceptance.Laurence Jonathan Cohen - 1992 - New York: Clarendon Press.
    In this incisive new book one of Britain's most eminent philosophers explores the often overlooked tension between voluntariness and involuntariness in human cognition. He seeks to counter the widespread tendency for analytic epistemology to be dominated by the concept of belief. Is scientific knowledge properly conceived as being embodied, at its best, in a passive feeling of belief or in an active policy of acceptance? Should a jury's verdict declare what its members involuntarily believe or what they voluntarily accept? And (...)
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  13.  11
    What's Wrong with the Normative Theory (and the Actual Practice) of Left Populism.Jean L. Cohen - 2019 - Constellations 26 (3):391-407.
  14. Does the Autistic Child Have a “Theory of Mind”?Simon Baron-Cohen, Alan M. Leslie & Uta Frith - 1985 - Cognition 21 (1):37-46.
    We use a new model of metarepresentational development to predict a cognitive deficit which could explain a crucial component of the social impairment in childhood autism. One of the manifestations of a basic metarepresentational capacity is a ‘ theory of mind ’. We have reason to believe that autistic children lack such a ‘ theory ’. If this were so, then they would be unable to impute beliefs to others and to predict their behaviour. This hypothesis was tested using Wimmer (...)
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  15.  98
    Avicenna and the Principle of Sufficient Reason.Kara Richardson - 2014 - Review of Metaphysics 67 (4):743-768.
    The term “principle of sufficient reason” was coined by Leibniz, and he is often regarded as its paradigmatic proponent. But as Leibniz himself often insisted, he was by no means the first philosopher to appeal to the idea that everything must have a reason. Histories of the principle attribute versions of it to various ancient authors. A few of these studies include—or at least do not exclude—medieval philosophers; one finds the PSR in Abelard, another finds it in Aquinas. And while (...)
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  16.  40
    Searching for Ethical Leadership in Nursing.Kara Schick Makaroff, Janet Storch, Bernie Pauly & Lorelei Newton - 2014 - Nursing Ethics 21 (6):642-658.
    Background:Attention to ethical leadership in nursing has diminished over the past several decades.Objectives:The aim of our study was to investigate how frontline nurses and formal nurse leaders envision ethical nursing leadership.Research design:Meta-ethnography was used to guide our analysis and synthesis of four studies that explored the notion of ethical nursing leadership.Participants and research context:These four original studies were conducted from 1999-2008 in Canada with 601 participants.Ethical considerations:Ethical approval from the original studies covered future analysis.Findings:Using the analytic strategy of lines-of-argument, we (...)
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  17. A History of Science and its Relations with Philosophy & Religion. 4th Ed., Reprinted with a Postscript by I. Bernard Cohen[REVIEW]William Cecil Dampier Dampier & I. Bernard Cohen - 1961 - University Press.
     
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  18.  13
    Denoting Concepts and Ontology in Russell's Principles of Mathematics.Wouter Adriaan Cohen - 2022 - Journal for the History of Analytical Philosophy 10 (7).
    Bertrand Russell’s Principles of Mathematics gives rise to several interpretational challenges, especially concerning the theory of denoting concepts. Only relatively recently, for instance, has it been properly realised that Russell accepted denoting concepts that do not denote anything. Such empty denoting concepts are sometimes thought to enable Russell, whether he was aware of it or not, to avoid commitment to some of the problematic non-existent entities he seems to accept, such as the Homeric gods and chimeras. In this paper, I (...)
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  19. Mysticism and Rationalism in Morris Raphael Cohen.Leonora Cohen Rosenfield - 1961 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 42 (3):303.
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  20. Hermann Cohen’s Principle of the Infinitesimal Method: A Defense.Scott Edgar - 2020 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 10 (2):440-470.
    In Bertrand Russell's 1903 Principles of Mathematics, he offers an apparently devastating criticism of the neo-Kantian Hermann Cohen's Principle of the Infinitesimal Method and its History (PIM). Russell's criticism is motivated by his concern that Cohen's account of the foundations of calculus saddles mathematics with the paradoxes of the infinitesimal and continuum, and thus threatens the very idea of mathematical truth. This paper defends Cohen against that objection of Russell's, and argues that properly understood, Cohen's views (...)
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  21.  9
    Abuse and Exploitation of Doctoral Students: A Conceptual Model for Traversing a Long and Winding Road to Academia.Aaron Cohen & Yehuda Baruch - 2021 - Journal of Business Ethics 180 (2):505-522.
    This paper develops a conceptual model of PhD supervisors’ abuse and exploitation of their students and the outcomes of that abuse. Based on the literature about destructive leadership and the “dark side” of supervision, we theorize about why and how PhD student abuse and exploitation may occur. We offer a novel contribution to the literature by identifying the process through which PhD students experience supervisory abuse and exploitation, the various factors influencing this process, and its outcomes. The proposed model presents (...)
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  22.  13
    Avicenna and Aquinas on Form and Generation.Kara Richardson - 2011 - In Dag Nikolaus Hasse & Amos Bertolacci (eds.), The Arabic, Hebrew and Latin Reception of Avicenna's Metaphysics. Walter de Gruyter. pp. 251-274.
  23. Cohen to the Rescue!Thomas Pogge - 2008 - Ratio 21 (4):454-475.
    Cohen seeks to rescue the concept of justice from those, among whom he includes Rawls, who think that correct fundamental moral principles are fact-sensitive. Cohen argues instead that any fundamental principles of justice, and fundamental moral principles generally, are fact-insensitive and that any fact-sensitive principles can be traced back to fact-insensitive ones. This paper seeks to clarify the nature of Cohen's argument, and the kind of fact-insensitivity he has in mind. In particular, it distinguishes between internal and (...)
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  24. The Pareto Argument for Inequality*: G. A. COHEN.G. A. Cohen - 1995 - Social Philosophy and Policy 12 (1):160-185.
    Some ways of defending inequality against the charge that it is unjust require premises that egalitarians find easy to dismiss—statements, for example, about the contrasting deserts and/or entitlements of unequally placed people. But a defense of inequality suggested by John Rawls and elaborated by Brian Barry has often proved irresistible even to people of egalitarian outlook. The persuasive power of this defense of inequality has helped to drive authentic egalitarianism, of an old-fashioned, uncompromising kind, out of contemporary political philosophy. The (...)
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  25. Mindblindness. An Essay on Autism and Theory of Mind, Cambridge, Mass, MITPTCSS, Tradiit. Dautismo E la Lettura Della Mente, Roma.S. Baron-Cohen - forthcoming - Astrolabio.
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  26. Self-Ownership, World Ownership, and Equality: Part II: G. A. COHEN.G. A. Cohen - 1986 - Social Philosophy and Policy 3 (2):77-96.
    1. The present paper is a continuation of my “Self-Ownership, World Ownership, and Equality,” which began with a description of the political philosophy of Robert Nozick. I contended in that essay that the foundational claim of Nozick's philosophy is the thesis of self-ownership, which says that each person is the morally rightful owner of his own person and powers, and, consequently, that each is free to use those powers as he wishes, provided that he does not deploy them aggressively against (...)
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  27. The Truth About 'the Truth About True Blue'.Jonathan Cohen, C. L. Hardin & Brian P. McLaughlin - 2007 - Analysis 67 (2):162–166.
    It can happen that a single surface S, viewed in normal conditions, looks pure blue (“true blue”) to observer John but looks blue tinged with green to a second observer, Jane, even though both are normal in the sense that they pass the standard psychophysical tests for color vision. Tye (2006a) finds this situation prima facie puzzling, and then offers two different “solutions” to the puzzle.1 The first is that at least one observer misrepresents S’s color because, though normal in (...)
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  28.  8
    Understanding Other Minds: Perspectives From Autism.Simon Baron-Cohen, Helen Tager-Flusberg & Donald J. Cohen - 1993 - Oxford University Press.
    An examination of the controversial "theory of mind" hypothesis, which states that children with autism are unable to comprehend other people's mental states. The theory relates to the most fundamental questions of normal development as well as to autism i.
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  29. Hermann Cohen on Kant, Sensations, and Nature in Science.Charlotte Baumann - 2019 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 57 (4):647-674.
    The neo-Kantian Hermann Cohen is famously anti-empiricist in that he denies that sensations can make a definable contribution to knowledge. However, in the second edition of Kant’s Theory of Experience (1885), Cohen considers a proposition that contrasts with both his other work and that of his followers: a Kantian who studies scientific claims to truth—and the grounds on which they are made—cannot limit himself to studying mathematics and logical principles, but needs to also investigate underlying presuppositions about the (...)
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  30.  51
    Causation in Arabic and Islamic Thought.Kara Richardson - 2015 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  31. The Enduring Allure of Person-Affecting Arguments for Reproductive Technologies.I. Glenn Cohen & Eli Y. Adashi - 2022 - American Journal of Bioethics 22 (9):44-46.
    Professor Sparrow’s Target Article helpfully elucidates the question of when the ordinary person-affecting conception of harm and benefit should apply to discussions of germline genome editi...
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  32. Take Me to My Leader The Importance of Ethical Leadership Among Formal Nurse Leaders.Janet Storch, Kara Schick Makaroff, Bernie Pauly & Lorelei Newton - 2013 - Nursing Ethics 20 (2):150-157.
    Although ethical leadership by formal nurse leaders is critical to enhancing ethical health-care practice, research has shown that many nurses feel unsupported by their leaders. In this article, we consider the limited attention directed toward ethical leadership of formal nurse leaders and how our own research on ethical nurse leadership compares to other research in this field. In searching Nursing Ethics since its inception 20 years ago, we found only a dozen articles that directly addressed this topic. We then reviewed (...)
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  33.  11
    Distinct Neural Substrates for Maintaining Locations and Spatial Relations in Working Memory.Kara J. Blacker & Susan M. Courtney - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
  34. Color Properties and Color Ascriptions: A Relationalist Manifesto.Jonathan Cohen - 2004 - Philosophical Review 113 (4):451-506.
    Are colors relational or non-relational properties of their bearers? Is red a property that is instantiated by all and only the objects with a certain intrinsic (/non-relational) nature? Or does an object with a particular intrinsic (/non-relational) nature count as red only in virtue of standing in certain relations - for example, only when it looks a certain way to a certain perceiver, or only in certain circumstances of observation? In this paper I shall argue for the view that color (...)
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  35. Kanbandō Kara Nagameta Kittan Joshin 韓半島から眺 めた契丹・女真 [Khitan and Jurchen as Seen From the Korean Peninsula]. By Aisin Gioro Ulhicun 愛新覺羅·烏拉熙春 and Yoshimoto Michimasa 吉本道雅.Lothar von Falkenhausen - 2021 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 133 (4).
    Kanbandō kara nagameta Kittan Joshin 韓半島から眺 めた契丹・女真 [Khitan and Jurchen as seen from the Korean Peninsula]. By Aisin Gioro Ulhicun 愛新覺羅·烏拉熙春 and Yoshimoto Michimasa 吉本道雅. Kyōto: Kyōto Daigaku Gakujutsu Shuppankai, 2011.
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  36.  12
    From Pauses to Clauses: Prosody Facilitates Learning of Syntactic Constituency.Kara Hawthorne & LouAnn Gerken - 2014 - Cognition 133 (2):420-428.
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  37.  24
    Kant's Antinomy of Reflective Judgment: A Re-Evaluation.Alix Cohen - 2004 - Teorema: International Journal of Philosophy 23 (1):183.
    The aim of this paper is to show that there is a genuine difficulty in Kant’s argument regarding the connection between mechanism and teleology. But this difficulty is not the one that is usually underlined. Far from consisting in a contradiction between the first and the third Critique, I argue that the genuine difficulty is intrinsic to the antinomy of reflective judgement: rather than having any hope of resolving anything, it consists in an inescapable conflict. In order to support this (...)
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  38. Cohen’s Conservatism and Human Enhancement.Jonathan Pugh, Guy Kahane & Julian Savulescu - 2013 - The Journal of Ethics 17 (4):331-354.
    In an intriguing essay, G. A. Cohen has defended a conservative bias in favour of existing value. In this paper, we consider whether Cohen’s conservatism raises a new challenge to the use of human enhancement technologies. We develop some of Cohen’s suggestive remarks into a new line of argument against human enhancement that, we believe, is in several ways superior to existing objections. However, we shall argue that on closer inspection, Cohen’s conservatism fails to offer grounds (...)
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  39. Cohen's Critique of Rawls: A Double Counting Objection.Alan Thomas - 2011 - Mind 120 (480):1099-1141.
    This paper assesses G. A. Cohen's critique of Rawlsian special incentives. Two arguments are identified and criticized: an argument that the difference principle does not justify incentives because of a limitation on an agent's prerogative to depart from a direct promotion of the interests of the worst off, and an argument that justice is limited in its scope. The first argument is evaluated and defended from the criticism that once Cohen has conceded some ethically grounded special incentives he (...)
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  40.  16
    Take Me to My Leader.Janet Storch, Kara Schick Makaroff, Bernie Pauly & Lorelei Newton - 2013 - Nursing Ethics 20 (2):150-157.
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  41. Cohen on Rawls: Personal Choice and the Ideal of Justice.Kyle Johannsen - 2013 - Social Philosophy Today 29:135-149.
    G. A. Cohen is well known within contemporary political philosophy for claiming that the scope of principles of justice extends beyond the design of institutions to citizens’ personal choices. More recently, he’s also received attention for claiming that principles of justice are normatively ultimate, i.e., that they’re necessary for the justification of action guiding principles (regulatory rules) but are unsuitable to guide political practice themselves. The purpose of this paper is to explore the relationship between these claims as they’re (...)
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  42.  25
    The Doctor's Dilemma: Paternalisms in the Medicolegal History of Assisted Reproduction and Abortion.Kara W. Swanson - 2015 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 43 (2):312-325.
    This article analyzes the comparative history of the law and practice of abortion and assisted reproduction in the United States to consider the interplay between medical paternalism and legal paternalism. It supplements existing critiques of paternalism as harmful to women's equality with the medical perspective, as revealed through the writings of Alan F. Guttmacher, to consider when legal regulation might be warranted.
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  43. Binding Arguments and Hidden Variables.Jonathan Cohen & Samuel C. Rickless - 2007 - Analysis 67 (1):65-71.
    o (2000), 243). In particular, the idea is that binding interactions between the relevant expressions and natural lan- guage quantifiers are best explained by the hypothesis that those expressions harbor hidden but bindable variables. Recently, however, Herman Cappelen and Ernie Lepore have rejected such binding arguments for the presence of hid- den variables on the grounds that they overgeneralize — that, if sound, such arguments would establish the presence of hidden variables in all sorts of ex- pressions where it is (...)
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  44. Electrophysiology Reveals Semantic Memory Use in Language Comprehension.Marta Kutas & Kara D. Federmeier - 2000 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 4 (12):463-470.
  45. Formal Causality: Giving Being by Constituting and Completing.Kara Richardson - 2015 - In Jakob Leth Fink (ed.), Suárez on Aristotelian Causality. Brill. pp. 64-83.
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  46.  28
    And Say the Cat Responded? Getting Closer to the Feline Gaze.Kara White - 2013 - Society and Animals 21 (1):93-104.
    Within the field of multispecies ethnography, a lingering question remains regarding how we can understand the nonhuman side of the human–nonhuman encounter. Many authors have ventured into this topic on a theoretical level, but none have proposed an effective methodological approach for how to achieve their goals. After examining the pitfalls experienced when acting as a volunteer at an animal shelter, I propose that in order to get closer to the feline gaze, we must first utilize an understanding of a (...)
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  47. Casting the First Stone: Who Can, and Who Can’T, Condemn the Terrorists?G. A. Cohen - 2006 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 58:113-136.
    ‘No matter what the grievance, and I'm sure that the Palestinians have some legitimate grievances, nothing can justify the deliberate targeting of innocent civilians. If they were attacking our soldiers it would be a different matter.’.
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  48.  75
    Spheres of Justice: A Defense of Pluralism and Equality.Joshua Cohen - 1986 - Journal of Philosophy 83 (8):457-468.
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  49.  69
    Avicenna's Conception of the Efficient Cause.Kara Richardson - 2013 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 21 (2):220 - 239.
    The concept of efficient causation originates with Aristotle, who states that the types of cause include ‘the primary source of the change or rest’. For Medieval Aristotelians, the scope of efficient causality includes creative acts. The Islamic philosopher Avicenna is an important contributor to this conceptual change. In his Metaphysics, Avicenna defines the efficient cause or agent as that which gives being to something distinct from itself. As previous studies of Avicenna's ‘metaphysical’ conception of the efficient cause attest, it takes (...)
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  50. GA Cohen and the End of Traditional Historical Materialism.G. A. Cohen & Simon Kennedy - 2005 - Historical Materialism 13 (4):331-344.
     
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