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  1.  17
    The Golden Rule, Humanity, and Equality: Shu and Ren in Confucius’ Teachings and Beyond.Junghwan Lee - 2022 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 21 (3):347-368.
    This essay explores the correlation between shu 恕 and ren 仁 in Confucius’ teachings and its broader implications concerning the role of the golden rule. It first shows that whereas the golden rule is premised on equality between agent and recipient, Confucius’ correlation of shu with ren aims mainly at establishing a more solid foundation for the hierarchy-specific duty of the ruler to care for the ruled. It thus reveals that this conflict arises from the golden rule’s incompatibility with asymmetrical (...)
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    Epistasis-Based Basis Estimation Method for Simplifying the Problem Space of an Evolutionary Search in Binary Representation.Junghwan Lee & Yong-Hyuk Kim - 2019 - Complexity 2019:1-13.
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    Recharacterizing the Confucian Golden Rule: The Advent of the Post-Confucius Formula and a Shift of Focus from Ren to Li.Junghwan Lee - 2023 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 22 (1):23-42.
    The “social-political-hierarchical” qualifications have long been identified as the essential features of the Confucian golden rule. This essay challenges this prevailing characterization by revealing the relation and differences between Confucius’ original shu 恕 and a series of post-Confucius reformulations in ancient Confucianism. Specifically, the premise of equality, which underlies Confucius’ formulation of shu in correlation with ren 仁, rendered shu incompatible with asymmetrical relationships. Besides the advantage of overcoming this limitation by adapting the golden rule structure of shu to specified (...)
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