Results for 'Julie Luker'

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  1.  15
    Factors Influencing Acute Stroke Guideline Compliance: A Peek Inside the 'Black Box' for Allied Health Staff.Julie Luker & Karen Grimmer-Somers - 2009 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 15 (2):383-389.
  2.  99
    Gender, Metaphor, and the Definition of Economics: Julie A. Nelson.Julie A. Nelson - 1992 - Economics and Philosophy 8 (1):103-125.
    Let me make it clear from the outset that my main point is not either of the following: one, that there should be more women economists and research on “women's issues”, or two, that women as a class do, or should do, economics in a manner different from men. My argument is different and has to do with trying to gain an understanding of how a certain way of thinking about gender and a certain way of thinking about economics have (...)
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  3.  14
    Boosting Belligerence: How the July 7, 2005, London Bombings Affected Liberals’ Moral Foundations and Prejudice.Julie Van de Vyver, Diane M. Houston, Dominic Abrams & Milica Vasiljevic - unknown
    Major terrorist events, such as the recent attacks in Ankara, Sinai, and Paris, can have profound effects on a nation’s values, attitudes, and prejudices. Yet psychological evidence testing the impact of such events via data collected immediately before and after an attack is understandably rare. In the present research, we tested the independent and joint effects of threat and political ideology on endorsement of moral foundations and prejudices among two nationally representative samples about 6 weeks before and 1 month after (...)
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  4.  78
    A Response to Bruni and Sugden: Julie A. Nelson.Julie A. Nelson - 2009 - Economics and Philosophy 25 (2):187-193.
    An article by Luigino Bruni and Robert Sugden published in this journal argues that market relations contain elements of what they call ‘fraternity’. This Response demonstrates that my own views on interpersonal relations and markets – which originated in the feminist analysis of caring labour – are far closer to Bruni and Sugden's than they acknowledge in their article, and goes on to discuss additional important dimensions of sociality that they neglect.
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  5.  9
    July Members' Lunch.Julie O’Donnell, Uwe Boettcher & Sophie Banks - forthcoming - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology.
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  6. Chapter Two Risks and Vulnerabilities in the Struggle for Recognition Julie Connolly.Julie Connolly - 2007 - In Julie Connolly, Michael Leach & Lucas Walsh (eds.), Recognition in Politics: Theory, Policy and Practice. Cambridge Scholars Press. pp. 37.
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  7. The Four-Color Theorem and Mathematical Proof.Michael Detlefsen & Mark Luker - 1980 - Journal of Philosophy 77 (12):803-820.
    I criticize a recent paper by Thomas Tymoczko in which he attributes fundamental philosophical significance and novelty to the lately-published computer-assisted proof of the four color theorem (4CT). Using reasoning precisely analogous to that employed by Tymoczko, I argue that much of traditional mathematical proof must be seen as resting on what Tymoczko must take as being "empirical" evidence. The new proof of the 4CT, with its use of what Tymoczko calls "empirical" evidence is therefore not so novel as he (...)
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  8. The Grounds of Moral Status.Julie Tannenbaum & Agnieszka Jaworska - 2018 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy:0-0.
    This article discusses what is involved in having full moral status, as opposed to a lesser degree of moral status and surveys different views of the grounds of moral status as well as the arguments for attributing a particular degree of moral status on the basis of those grounds.
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  9.  99
    Why Be a Methodological Individualist?Julie Zahle & Harold Kincaid - 2019 - Synthese 196 (2):655-675.
    In the recent methodological individualism-holism debate on explanation, there has been considerable focus on what reasons methodological holists may advance in support of their position. We believe it is useful to approach the other direction and ask what considerations methodological individualists may in fact offer in favor of their view about explanation. This is the background for the question we pursue in this paper: Why be a methodological individualist? We start out by introducing the methodological individualism-holism debate while distinguishing two (...)
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  10.  43
    Free Time.Julie L. Rose - 2016 - Princeton: Princeton University Press.
    Recent debates about inequality have focused almost exclusively on the distribution of wealth and disparities in income, but little notice has been paid to the distribution of free time. Free time is commonly assumed to be a matter of personal preference, a good that one chooses to have more or less of. Even if there is unequal access to free time, the cause and solution are presumed to lie with the resources of income and wealth. In Free Time, Julie (...)
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  11.  54
    Rethinking the Individualism-Holism Debate.Julie Zahle & Finn Collin (eds.) - 2014 - Springer.
    This collection of papers investigates the most recent debates about individualism and holism in the philosophy of social science. The debates revolve mainly around two issues: firstly, whether social phenomena exist sui generis and how they relate to individuals. This is the focus of discussions between ontological individualists and ontological holists. Secondly, to what extent social scientific explanations may and should, focus on individuals and social phenomena respectively. This issue is debated amongst methodological holists and methodological individualists. -/- In social (...)
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  12. Interdisciplinarity: History, Theory, and Practice.Julie Thompson Klein - 1990 - Wayne State University Press.
    Acknowledgments THROUGHOUT this book I cite the many people who have provided information on individual programs and activities. ...
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  13.  73
    Methodological Holism in the Social Sciences.Julie Zahle - 2016 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  14. Privacy, Intimacy, and Isolation.Julie C. Inness - 1992 - Oup Usa.
    This book undermines privacy scepticism, proving a strong theoretical foundation for many of our everyday and legal privacy claims. Inness argues that intimacy is the core of privacy, including privacy appeals in tort and constitutional law. She explores the myriad of debates and puts forth an intimacy and control-based account of privacy which escapes these criticisms.
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  15.  18
    Explaining with Simulations: Why Visual Representations Matter.Julie Jebeile - 2018 - Perspectives on Science 26 (2):213-238.
    Mathematical models are often expected to provide not only predictions about the phenomenon that they represent, but also explanations. These explanations are answers to why-questions and particularly answers to why the predicted phenomenon should occur. For instance, models can be used to calculate when the next total solar eclipse will happen, and then to explain why it will take place on July 2, 2019. In this regard we can obtain explanations from a model if we can solve the model equations (...)
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  16. Aristotle on Homonymy: Dialectic and Science.Julie K. Ward - 2007 - Cambridge University Press.
    Julie K. Ward examines Aristotle's thought regarding how language informs our views of what is real. First she places Aristotle's theory in its historical and philosophical contexts in relation to Plato and Speusippus. Ward then explores Aristotle's theory of language as it is deployed in several works, including Ethics, Topics, Physics, and Metaphysics, so as to consider its relation to dialectical practice and scientific explanation as Aristotle conceived it.
     
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  17.  33
    Understanding Climate Change with Statistical Downscaling and Machine Learning.Julie Jebeile, Vincent Lam & Tim Räz - 2020 - Synthese (1-2):1-21.
    Machine learning methods have recently created high expectations in the climate modelling context in view of addressing climate change, but they are often considered as non-physics-based ‘black boxes’ that may not provide any understanding. However, in many ways, understanding seems indispensable to appropriately evaluate climate models and to build confidence in climate projections. Relying on two case studies, we compare how machine learning and standard statistical techniques affect our ability to understand the climate system. For that purpose, we put five (...)
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  18.  35
    Values and Data Collection in Social Research.Julie Zahle - 2018 - Philosophy of Science 85 (1):144-163.
    In this article, I offer a partial analysis of the role of values in qualitative data collection in social research. The partial analysis shows that nonepistemic values have both required and permissible roles to play during this phase of research. By appeal to the analysis, I reject the ideal of value-free science as applied to qualitative data collection, and I demonstrate why two alternative ideals should likewise be dismissed as standards for values in qualitative data collection. Also, I briefly discuss (...)
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  19.  92
    The Individualism-Holism Debate on Intertheoretic Reduction and the Argument From Multiple Realization.Julie Zahle - 2003 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 33 (1):77-99.
    The argument from multiple realization is currently considered the argument against intertheoretic reduction. Both Little and Kincaid have applied the argument to the individualism-holism debate in support of the antireductionist holist position. The author shows that the tenability of the argument, as applied to the individualism-holism debate, hinges on the descriptive constraints imposed on the individualist position. On a plausible formulation of the individualist position, the argument does not establish that the intertheoretic reduction of social theories is highly unlikely. Nonetheless, (...)
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  20.  50
    The Selfish Goal: Autonomously Operating Motivational Structures as the Proximate Cause of Human Judgment and Behavior.Julie Y. Huang & John A. Bargh - 2014 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37 (2):121-135.
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  21.  46
    Sex, Social Hygiene, and the State: The Double-Edged Sword of Social Reform.Kristin Luker - 1998 - Theory and Society 27 (5):601-634.
  22.  36
    Limits to Levels in the Methodological Individualism–Holism Debate.Julie Zahle - 2020 - Synthese:1-20.
    It is currently common to conceive of the classic methodological individualism–holism debate in level terms. Accordingly, the dispute is taken to concern the proper level of explanations in the social sciences. In this paper, I argue that the debate is not apt to be characterized in level terms. The reason is that widely adopted notions of individualist explanations do not qualify as individual-level explanations because they span multiple levels. I defend this claim relative to supervenience, emergence, and other accounts of (...)
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  23. A Taxonomy of Interdisciplinarity.Julie Thompson Klein - 2010 - In Julie Thompson Klein & Carl Mitcham (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Interdisciplinarity. Oxford University Press.
     
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  24.  97
    A Framework for Understanding Corporate Social Responsibility Programs as a Continuum: An Exploratory Study.Julie Pirsch, Shruti Gupta & Stacy Landreth Grau - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 70 (2):125-140.
    Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) programs are increasingly popular corporate marketing strategies. This paper argues that CSR programs can fall along a continuum between two endpoints: Institutionalized programs and Promotional programs. This classification is based on an exploratory study examining the variance of four responses from the consumer stakeholder group toward these two categories of CSR. Institutionalized CSR programs are argued to be most effective at increasing customer loyalty, enhancing attitude toward the company, and decreasing consumer skepticism. Promotional CSR programs are (...)
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  25.  94
    Crossing Boundaries: Knowledge, Disciplinarities, and Interdisciplinarities.Julie Thompson Klein - 1996 - University Press of Virginia.
    This book is the most comprehensive and rigourous critique of the ways disciplinary boundaries still inhibit knowledge-production and integration.
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  26. Holism, Emergence and the Crucial Distinction.Julie Zahle - 2014 - In Julie Zahle & Finn Collin (eds.), Rethinking the Individualism-Holism Debate. Essays in the Philosophy of Social Science. Springer. pp. 177-196.
    One issue of dispute between methodological individualists and methodological holists is whether holist explanations are dispensable in the sense that individualist explanations are able to do their explanatory job. Methodological individualists say they are, whereas methodological holists deny this. In the first part of the paper, I discuss Elder-Vass’ version of an influential argument in support of methodological holism, the argument from emergence. I argue that methodological individualists should reject it: The argument relies on a distinction between individualist and holist (...)
     
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  27.  13
    ‘Busyness’ and the Preclusion of Quality Palliative District Nursing Care.Maurice Nagington, Karen Luker & Catherine Walshe - 2013 - Nursing Ethics 20 (8):0969733013485109.
    Ethical care is beginning to be recognised as care that accounts for the views of those at the receiving end of care. However, in the context of palliative and supportive district nursing care, the patients’ and their carers’ views are seldom heard. This qualitative research study explores these views. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews with 26 patients with palliative and supportive care needs receiving district nursing care, and 13 of their carers. Participants were recruited via community nurses and hospices (...)
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  28.  14
    Objective Data Sets in Qualitative Research.Julie Zahle - 2020 - Synthese 199 (1-2):101-117.
    Qualitative researchers sometimes talk about objectivity in relation to qualitative data sets. In this paper, I defend a reconstructed notion of objective qualitative data sets that may serve as a useful and reachable guiding ideal in qualitative data generation. In the first part of the paper, I develop the ideal. According to it, a qualitative data set is objective to the extent that it, in conjunction with true assumptions, possesses a combination of good-making features in virtue of which the data (...)
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  29.  5
    To: “Surface to Subsurface Correlation of the Middle-Upper Triassic Shublik Formation Within a Revised Sequence Stratigraphic Framework,” William A. Rouse, Katherine J. Whidden, Julie A. Dumoulin, and David W. Houseknecht, Interpretation, 8, No. 2, SJ1–SJ16, Doi: 10.1190/INT-2019-0195.1. [REVIEW]William A. Rouse, Katherine J. Whidden, Julie A. Dumoulin & David W. Houseknecht - 2020 - Interpretation 8 (3):Y1-Y1.
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  30.  38
    Public Expectations for Return of Results From Large-Cohort Genetic Research.Juli Murphy, Joan Scott, David Kaufman, Gail Geller, Lisa LeRoy & Kathy Hudson - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (11):36 – 43.
    The National Institutes of Health and other federal health agencies are considering establishing a national biobank to study the roles of genes and environment in human health. A preliminary public engagement study was conducted to assess public attitudes and concerns about the proposed biobank, including the expectations for return of individual research results. A total of 141 adults of different ages, incomes, genders, ethnicities, and races participated in 16 focus groups in six locations across the country. Focus group participants voiced (...)
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  31. Achieving Incremental Semantic Interpretation Through Contextual Representation.Julie Sedivy, MichaelTanenhaus, Craig Chambers & Gregory Carlson - 1999 - Cognition 71:109-47.
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  32. Introduction.Julie Zahle - 2014 - In Julie Zahle & Finn Collin (eds.), Rethinking the Individualism-Holism Debate. Essays in the Philosophy of Social Science. Springer. pp. 1-14.
    The introduction provides an overview of the ontological and the methodological individualism-holism debates. Moreover, these debates are briefly discussed in relation to two kindred disputes: The micro-macro and the agency-structure debates. Finally, the contributions to this book are briefly presented.
     
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  33.  10
    Assessing the Quality of Research: A Challenge for Nursing.Karen Luker - 2007 - Nursing Inquiry 14 (1):1-1.
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  34.  37
    Achieving Incremental Semantic Interpretation Through Contextual Representation.Julie C. Sedivy, Michael K. Tanenhaus, Craig G. Chambers & Gregory N. Carlson - 1999 - Cognition 71 (2):109-147.
  35. Holism and Supervenience.Julie Zahle - 2006 - In Stephen Turner & Mark Risjord (eds.), Handbook of Philosophy of Anthropology and Sociology. Elsevier. pp. 311-341.
  36.  9
    The Inner Lives of Doctors: Physician Emotion in the Care of the Seriously Ill.Julie Childers & Bob Arnold - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (12):29-34.
    Elisabeth Kübler-Ross’ seminal 1969 work, On Death and Dying, opened the door to understanding individuals’ emotional experiences with serious illness and dying. Patient’s emotions, however, are on...
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  37.  88
    Case Studies of Ethics Scandals: Effects on Ethical Perceptions of Finance Students.Julie A. B. Cagle & Melissa S. Baucus - 2006 - Journal of Business Ethics 64 (3):213-229.
    Ethics instructors often use cases to help students understand ethics within a corporate context, but we need to know more about the impact a case-based pedagogy has on students’ ability to make ethical decisions. We used a pre- and post-test methodology to assess the effect of using cases to teach ethics in a finance course. We also wanted to determine whether recent corporate ethics scandals might have impacted students’ perceptions of the importance and prevalence of ethics in business, so we (...)
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  38.  43
    Explaining with Models: The Role of Idealizations.Julie Jebeile & Ashley Graham Kennedy - 2015 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 29 (4):383-392.
    Because they contain idealizations, scientific models are often considered to be misrepresentations of their target systems. An important question is therefore how models can explain the behaviours of these systems. Most of the answers to this question are representationalist in nature. Proponents of this view are generally committed to the claim that models are explanatory if they represent their target systems to some degree of accuracy; in other words, they try to determine the conditions under which idealizations can be made (...)
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  39.  30
    What is a Medical Information Commons?Juli M. Bollinger, Peter D. Zuk, Mary A. Majumder, Erika Versalovic, Angela G. Villanueva, Rebecca L. Hsu, Amy L. McGuire & Robert Cook-Deegan - 2019 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 47 (1):41-50.
    A 2011 National Academies of Sciences report called for an “Information Commons” and a “Knowledge Network” to revolutionize biomedical research and clinical care. We interviewed 41 expert stakeholders to examine governance, access, data collection, and privacy in the context of a medical information commons. Stakeholders' attitudes about MICs align with the NAS vision of an Information Commons; however, differences of opinion regarding clinical use and access warrant further research to explore policy and technological solutions.
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  40.  1
    Book Review: Mose: Überlieferung und Geschichte. [REVIEW]Maurice Luker - 1969 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 23 (4):482-483.
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  41.  35
    Task-Dependency and Structure-Dependency in Number Interference Effects in Sentence Comprehension.Julie Franck, Saveria Colonna & Luigi Rizzi - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  42.  10
    A Poststructural Rethinking of the Ethics of Technology in Relation to the Provision of Palliative Home Care by District Nurses.Maurice Nagington, Catherine Walshe & Karen A. Luker - 2016 - Nursing Philosophy 17 (1):59-70.
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  43.  10
    Generative Explanation and Individualism in Agent-Based Simulation.Julie Zahle - 2013 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 43 (3):323-340.
    Social scientists associate agent-based simulation models with three ideas about explanation: they provide generative explanations, they are models of mechanisms, and they implement methodological individualism. In light of a philosophical account of explanation, we show that these ideas are not necessarily related and offer an account of the explanatory import of ABS models. We also argue that their bottom-up research strategy should be distinguished from methodological individualism.
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  44.  4
    Limits to Levels in the Methodological Individualism–Holism Debate.Julie Zahle - 2019 - Synthese 198 (7):6435-6454.
    It is currently common to conceive of the classic methodological individualism–holism debate in level terms. Accordingly, the dispute is taken to concern the proper level of explanations in the social sciences. In this paper, I argue that the debate is not apt to be characterized in level terms. The reason is that widely adopted notions of individualist explanations do not qualify as individual-level explanations because they span multiple levels. I defend this claim relative to supervenience, emergence, and other accounts of (...)
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  45.  10
    Cognitive Focus.Julie Wulfemeyer - 2021 - Acta Analytica 36 (4):553-561.
    Philosophers of mind and language who advance causal theories face a sort of conjunction problem. When we say that the thing had in mind or the thing referred to is a matter of what causally impacted the thinker or speaker, we must somehow narrow down the long conjunction of items in a causal chain, all of which contributed to the having in mind, but only one of which becomes the object of thought or the linguistic referent. Here, I sketch a (...)
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  46.  14
    In Support of a Distinction Between Voluntary and Stimulus-Driven Control: A Review of the Literature on Proportion Congruent Effects. [REVIEW]Julie M. Bugg & Matthew J. C. Crump - 2012 - Frontiers in Psychology 3.
  47.  13
    Blinding and the Non-Interference Assumption in Medical and Social Trials.Julie Zahle - 2013 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 43 (3):358-372.
    This paper discusses the so-called non-interference assumption grounding causal inference in trials in both medicine and the social sciences. It states that for each participant in the experiment, the value of the potential outcome depends only upon whether she or he gets the treatment. Drawing on methodological discussion in clinical trials and laboratory experiments in economics, I defend the necessity of partial forms of blinding as a warrant of the NIA, to control the participants’ expectations and their strategic interactions with (...)
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  48. Underreporting of Conflicts of Interest in Clinical Practice Guidelines: Cross Sectional Study. [REVIEW]Julie Bolette Bindslev, Jeppe Schroll, Peter Gøtzsche & Andreas Lundh - 2013 - BMC Medical Ethics 14 (1):19.
    Conflicts of interest affect recommendations in clinical guidelines and disclosure of such conflicts is important. However, not all conflicts of interest are disclosed. Using a public available disclosure list we determined the prevalence and underreporting of conflicts of interest among authors of clinical guidelines on drug treatments.
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  49.  1
    Book Review: Mose: Überlieferung und Geschichte. [REVIEW]Maurice Luker - 1969 - Interpretation 23 (4):482-483.
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  50.  10
    Overcoming the Biases of Microfoundationalism.Julie Zahle - 2013 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 43 (3):301-322.
    The article makes four interrelated claims: The mechanism approach to social explanation does not presuppose a commitment to the individual-level microfoundationalism. The microfoundationalist requirement that explanatory social mechanisms should always consists of interacting individuals has given rise to problematic methodological biases in social research. It is possible to specify a number of plausible candidates for social macro-mechanisms where interacting collective agents form the core actors. The distributed cognition perspective combined with organization studies could provide us with explanatory understanding of the (...)
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