Results for 'Julian Cespedes-Guevara'

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  1. Music Communicates Affects, Not Basic Emotions – A Constructionist Account of Attribution of Emotional Meanings to Music.Julian Cespedes-Guevara & Tuomas Eerola - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9:326516.
    Basic Emotion theory has had a tremendous influence on the affective sciences, including music psychology, where most researchers have assumed that music expressivity is constrained to a limited set of basic emotions. Several scholars suggested that these constrains to musical expressivity are explained by the existence of a shared acoustic code to the expression of emotions in music and speech prosody. In this article we advocate for a shift from this focus on basic emotions to a constructionist account. This approach (...)
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  2.  78
    Enacting musical emotions. sense-making, dynamic systems, and the embodied mind.Andrea Schiavio, Dylan van der Schyff, Julian Cespedes-Guevara & Mark Reybrouck - 2017 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 16 (5):785-809.
    The subject of musical emotions has emerged only recently as a major area of research. While much work in this area offers fascinating insights to musicological research, assumptions about the nature of emotional experience seem to remain committed to appraisal, representations, and a rule-based or information-processing model of cognition. Over the past three decades alternative ‘embodied’ and ‘enactive’ models of mind have challenged this approach by emphasising the self-organising aspects of cognition, often describing it as an ongoing process of dynamic (...)
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  3.  47
    Musical Emotions Emerge from the Interaction of Factors in the Music, the Person, and the Context.J. Cespedes-Guevara - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (2):229-231.
    Open peer commentary on the article “Body Awareness to Recognize Feelings: The Exploration of a Musical Emotional Experience” by Alejandra Vásquez-Rosati. Upshot: A complete account of musical emotions implies examining how factors in the music, the situation, and the person interact, producing objective and subjective changes on affective, bodily and cognitive levels simultaneously. Therefore, a first-person phenomenological method can only provide a limited understanding of these experiences.
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  4. Good reasons to vaccinate: mandatory or payment for risk?Julian Savulescu - 2021 - Journal of Medical Ethics 47 (2):78-85.
    Mandatory vaccination, including for COVID-19, can be ethically justified if the threat to public health is grave, the confidence in safety and effectiveness is high, the expected utility of mandatory vaccination is greater than the alternatives, and the penalties or costs for non-compliance are proportionate. I describe an algorithm for justified mandatory vaccination. Penalties or costs could include withholding of benefits, imposition of fines, provision of community service or loss of freedoms. I argue that under conditions of risk or perceived (...)
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  5. Well-Being and Enhancement.Julian Savulescu, Anders Sandberg & Guy Kahane - 2011 - In Julian Savulescu, Ruud ter Meulen & Guy Kahane (eds.), Enhancing Human Capacities. Blackwell. pp. 3--18.
     
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  6. Moral Status of Enhanced Beings: What Do We Owe the Gods?Julian Savulescu - 2009 - In Julian Savulescu & Nick Bostrom (eds.), Human Enhancement. Oxford University Press. pp. 211.
  7. The timelessness of quantum gravity: I. The evidence from the classical theory.Julian Barbour - 1994 - Classical and Quantum Gravity 11:2853--73.
  8.  73
    Why lockdown of the elderly is not ageist and why levelling down equality is wrong.Julian Savulescu & James Cameron - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (11):717-721.
    In order to prevent the rapid spread of COVID-19, governments have placed significant restrictions on liberty, including preventing all non-essential travel. These restrictions were justified on the basis the health system may be overwhelmed by COVID-19 cases and in order to prevent deaths. Governments are now considering how they may de-escalate these restrictions. This article argues that an appropriate approach may be to lift the general lockdown but implement selective isolation of the elderly. While this discriminates against the elderly, there (...)
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  9.  70
    Justice, Fairness, and Enhancement.Julian Savulescu - 2006 - Annals of New York Academy of Science 1093:321-338.
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  10.  56
    Withdrawal Aversion and the Equivalence Test.Julian Savulescu, Ella Butcherine & Dominic Wilkinson - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (3):21-28.
    If a doctor is trying to decide whether or not to provide a medical treatment, does it matter ethically whether that treatment has already been started? Health professionals sometimes find it harder to stop a treatment (withdraw) than to refrain from starting the treatment (withhold). But does that feeling correspond to an ethical difference? In this article, we defend equivalence—the view that withholding and withdrawal of treatment are ethically equivalent when all other factors are equal. We argue that preference for (...)
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  11. McDowell and Identity Theories of Truth.Julian Dodd - 1995 - Analysis 55 (3):160 - 165.
    The main thesis of this paper is that John McDowell (in his Mind and World) tries to occupy a position that is not coherently statable; namely, that facts have objects and properties as constituents and are yet identical with true (Fregean) Thoughts. This position is contrasted with two other identity theories of truth: the robust theory, in which true propositions are identified with facts (which are understood to have objects and properties as constituents); and the modest theory, in which facts (...)
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  12.  97
    Against external validity.Julian Reiss - 2019 - Synthese 196 (8):3103-3121.
    Francesco Guala once wrote that ‘The problem of extrapolation is a minor scandal in the philosophy of science’. This paper agrees with the statement, but for reasons different from Guala’s. The scandal is not, or not any longer, that the problem has been ignored in the philosophy of science. The scandal is that framing the problem as one of external validity encourages poor evidential reasoning. The aim of this paper is to propose an alternative—an alternative which constitutes much better evidential (...)
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  13. Attention, organization, and consciousness.Julian Hochberg - 1970 - In D. Mostofsky (ed.), Attention: Contemporary Theory and Analysis. Appleton-Century-Crofts. pp. 99--124.
  14.  67
    Collective Reflective Equilibrium in Practice (CREP) and controversial novel technologies.Julian Savulescu, Christopher Gyngell & Guy Kahane - 2021 - Bioethics 35 (7):652-663.
    In this paper, we investigate how data about public preferences may be used to inform policy around the use of controversial novel technologies, using public preferences about autonomous vehicles (AVs) as a case study. We first summarize the recent ‘Moral Machine’ study, which generated preference data from millions of people regarding how they think AVs should respond to emergency situations. We argue that while such preferences cannot be used to directly inform policy, they should not be disregarded. We defend an (...)
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  15.  22
    An Epistemic Account of Populism.Julian F. Müller - forthcoming - Episteme:1-22.
    The genus problem of populism presents one of the most vexing conceptual questions across the social sciences: Some theorists believe that populism is nothing more than an assembly of discursive patterns, while others maintain that populism is a strategy to gain political power. Then there are those that argue that populism is a thin ideology that lacks a coherent set of guiding principles. The paper intervenes in this debate in two ways: First, it offers a methodological apparatus for evaluating and (...)
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  16.  29
    Scientific realism about Friston blankets without literalism.Julian Kiverstein & Michael Kirchhoff - 2022 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 45:e200.
    Bruineberg and colleagues' critique of Friston blankets relies on what we call the “literalist fallacy”: the assumption that in order for Friston blankets to represent real boundaries, biological systems must literally possess or instantiate Markov blankets. We argue that it is important to distinguish a realist view of Friston blankets from the literalist view of Bruineberg and colleagues’ critique.
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  17.  33
    Should Manual Driving be (Eventually) Outlawed?Julian F. Müller & Jan Gogoll - 2020 - Science and Engineering Ethics 26 (3):1549-1567.
    In recent years, tech evangelists have made headlines predicting that in the future manual driving will be outlawed. This essay will investigate the question whether a ban of human driven cars can be defended on moral grounds in a future scenario in which autonomous cars are going to be significantly safer than manually driven cars. This article will argue that in such a future scenario manually driven cars, for moral reasons, indeed should be banned from participating in regular traffic. Since (...)
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  18.  18
    Postfoundational practical theology for a time of transition.Julian C. Müller - 2011 - HTS Theological Studies 67 (1).
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  19. General relativity as a perfectly Machian theory.Julian B. Barbour - 1995 - In Julian B. Barbour & H. Pfister (eds.), Mach's Principle: From Newton's Bucket to Quantum Gravity. Birkhäuser. pp. 214--36.
     
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  20.  14
    Ethical implications of fairness interventions: what might be hidden behind engineering choices?Julian Alfredo Mendez, Rüya Gökhan Koçer, Flavia Barsotti & Andrea Aler Tubella - 2022 - Ethics and Information Technology 24 (1).
    The importance of fairness in machine learning models is widely acknowledged, and ongoing academic debate revolves around how to determine the appropriate fairness definition, and how to tackle the trade-off between fairness and model performance. In this paper we argue that besides these concerns, there can be ethical implications behind seemingly purely technical choices in fairness interventions in a typical model development pipeline. As an example we show that the technical choice between in-processing and post-processing is not necessarily value-free and (...)
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  21.  65
    Electromagnetic mass revisited.Julian Schwinger - 1983 - Foundations of Physics 13 (3):373-383.
    Examples of uniformly moving charge distributions that possess conserved electromagnetic stress tensors are exhibited. These constitute stable systems with covariantly characterized electromagnetic mass. This note, on a topic to which Paul Dirac made a significant contribution in 1938, is dedicated to him for his 80th birthday.
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  22. -.Julian Baggini - 2007 - Free Inquiry 27:41-44.
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  23.  20
    Billionaires in world politics: donors, governors, authorities.Julian Eckl & Klaus Dingwerth - 2022 - Journal of Global Ethics 18 (2):201-210.
    ABSTRACT Hägel’s book is timely. As economic inequality has been on the rise, the increasing number of billionaires and their political activities have come under public scrutiny. The book contributes to such scrutiny and allows to ask questions about responsibility, accountability, and legitimacy. It also adds to scholarship on individuals in world politics. Our comment provides a critical discussion of two specific aspects of Hägel’s analysis. First, we clarify that most of the book focuses on billionaires as transnational actors while (...)
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  24.  14
    A neo-feudal world order? Introduction to the symposium on Peter Hägel’s Billionaires in World Politics.Julian Culp - 2022 - Journal of Global Ethics 18 (2):196-200.
    ABSTRACT The central aim of Peter Hägel’s Billionaires in World Politics (BWP) is to challenge the assumption that private individuals lack agency and power in world politics – an assumption that is widely shared in the field of International Relations (IR). Hägel’s methodological strategy to achieve this aim is twofold. First, he concentrates on minutest biographical aspects of billionaires to lay bare the idiosyncrasy of their choices, and to falsify, thus, structuralist assumptions of how individual agency is undermined by factors (...)
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  25.  52
    Male circumcision and the enhancement debate: harm reduction, not prohibition.Julian Savulescu - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (7):416-417.
    Around a third of men worldwide are circumcised. It is probably the most commonly performed surgical procedure. Circumcision is also one of the oldest forms of attempted human enhancement. It is and has been done for religious, social, aesthetic and health reasons.Circumcision has a variety of benefits and risks, many of which are discussed in this issue. There is some dispute about the magnitude and likelihood of these benefits and risks. Some argue that the risks outweigh the benefits and circumcision (...)
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  26.  26
    Color adaptation under conditions of homogeneous visual stimulation (Ganzfeld).Julian E. Hochberg, William Triebel & Gideon Seaman - 1951 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 41 (2):153.
  27.  34
    The Experience of Affordances in an Intersubjective World.Julian Kiverstein & Giuseppe Flavio Artese - 2024 - Topoi 43 (1):187-200.
    Our paper is concerned with theories of direct perception in ecological psychology that first emerged in the second half of the twentieth century. Ecological psychology continues to be influential among philosophers and cognitive scientists today who defend a 4E (embodied, embedded, extended, enactive) approach to the scientific study of cognition. Ecological psychologists have experimentally investigated how animals are able to directly perceive their surrounding environment and what it affords to them. We pursue questions about direct perception through a discussion of (...)
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  28.  61
    Should we respect precedent autonomy in life-sustaining treatment decisions?Julian C. Sheather - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (9):547-550.
    The recent judgement in the case of Re:M in which the Court held that it would be unlawful to withdraw artificial nutrition and hydration from a woman in a minimally conscious state raises a number of ethical issues of wide application. Central to these is the extent to which precedent autonomous decisions should be respected in the absence of a legally binding advance decision. Well-being interests can survive the loss of many of the psychological faculties that support personhood. A decision (...)
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  29. 11 Compulsory genetic testing for APOE Epsilon 4 and boxing.Julian Savulescu - 2005 - In Claudio Marcello Tamburrini & Torbjörn Tännsjö (eds.), Genetic Technology and Sport: Ethical Questions. Routledge. pp. 136.
     
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  30.  55
    Relief, time-bias, and the metaphysics of tense.Julian Bacharach - 2022 - Synthese 200 (3):1-22.
    Our emotional lives are full of temporal asymmetries. Salient among these is that we tend to feel differently about painful or unpleasant events depending on their temporal location: we feel anxiety or trepidation about painful events we anticipate in the future, and relief when they are over. One question, then, is whether temporally asymmetric emotions such as relief have any ramifications for the metaphysics of time. On what has become the standard way of finessing this question, the asymmetry of relief (...)
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  31. The fourfold.Julian Young - 1993 - In Charles B. Guignon (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Heidegger. New York: Cambridge University Press. pp. 2--373.
     
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  32.  53
    Beyond the comparative test for discrimination.Julian Jonker - 2019 - Analysis 79 (2):206-214.
    Discrimination is typically understood to be a comparative phenomenon: S is discriminated against on the basis of trait T if she would not have been treated in the same way if she did not possess T. But the comparative test for discrimination may hide from view some important cases: associational discrimination and stereotype policing. These cases show more clearly what is true of discrimination in general: that it involves a vicarious wrong, that is, an action which wrongs someone other than (...)
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  33.  18
    Democratic Education in a Globalized World – A Normative Theory.Julian Culp - 2019 - London and New York: Routledge.
    Due to the economic and social effects of globalization democracy is currently in crisis in many states around the world. This book suggests that solving this crisis requires rethinking democratic education. It argues that educational public policy must cultivate democratic relationships not only within but also across and between states, and that such policy must empower citizens to exercise democratic control in domestic as well as in inter- and transnational politics. -/- Democratic Education in a Globalized World articulates and defends (...)
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  34. Ethics and the Risks of Gene Editing.Julian Savulescu & Christopher Gyngell - forthcoming - Ethics in Biology, Engineering and Medicine: An International Journal.
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  35.  2
    Dementia is Dead, Long Live Ageing.Julian C. Hughes - 2013 - In K. W. M. Fulford, Martin Davies, Richard Gipps, George Graham, John Sadler, Giovanni Stanghellini & Tim Thornton (eds.), The Oxford handbook of philosophy and psychiatry. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Dementia is dead, long live aging! This chapter sets out the philosophical sources for understanding working with "dementia." The concept, "dementia," serves no useful purpose. Even "Alzheimer's disease" turns out to be problematic. This is because there is a lack of precision around the boundaries of these notions. The messiness that surrounds these notions, in terms of facts and values, is made obvious when we consider mild cognitive impairment, which is said to be a pre-dementia state. It makes more biological (...)
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  36. Animal Rights and Moral Philosophy.Julian H. Franklin - 2006 - Environmental Values 15 (1):132-134.
     
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  37.  76
    Meaning in eternity: Karl Löwith’s critique of hope and hubris.Julian Joseph Potter - 2012 - Thesis Eleven 110 (1):27-45.
    The German philosopher and intellectual historian Karl Löwith is known and discussed mainly in the English language via his major work on secularization – Meaning in History, first written and published in English – and the more recently translated essays that criticize Martin Heidegger. However, Löwith’s body of work is rarely considered for the original contribution that it offers to the discourse on the questions of modernity and modern life. This oversight is due much to the way in which Hans (...)
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  38.  10
    El nacimiento en la biopolítica: la génesis de la vida en Hegel y Deleuze.Julián Ferreyra - 2014 - Daimon: Revista Internacional de Filosofía 61.
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  39. The Destiny of Man.Julian Huxley - 1959 - Hodder & Stoughton.
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  40.  21
    Kant's 'Bund': A Voluntary Reading.Julian Katz - 2018 - Public Reason 10 (1).
    In ‘Kant’s Changing Cosmopolitanism’ and Kant and Cosmopolitanism: The Philosophical Ideal of World Citizenship, Pauline Kleingeld argues that, in ‘Idea for a Universal History with a Cosmopolitan Intent,’ Kant meant for the Bund of states to be a coercive federation. Kleingeld admits that there is a disparity between this earlier coercive idea of the Bund and Kant’s talk of a voluntary congress in Toward Perpetual Peace and The Metaphysics of Morals. She explains this disparity by: appealing to a semantic ambiguity (...)
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  41.  9
    Hetper W.. Podstawy semantyki . Wiadomości matematyczne, t. 43 , p. 57–86.Julian Perkal - 1937 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 2 (3):141-141.
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  42.  8
    A utilitarian approach.Julian Savelescu - 2005 - In Richard E. Ashcroft (ed.), Case analysis in clinical ethics. New York: Cambridge University Press.
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  43. Relative-distance Machian theories.Julian B. Barbour - 1974 - Nature 249:328--9.
     
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  44.  28
    Omnipotence.Julian Wolfe - 1971 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 1 (2):245-247.
  45.  71
    The Deep and Suggestive Principles of Leibnizian Philosophy.Julian Barbour - 2003 - The Harvard Review of Philosophy 11 (1):45-58.
    The most obvious thing about the universe in which we find ourselves is its structure. Before the scientific revolution, the instinctive reaction of thinkers to the existence of perceived structure was to find a direct reason for that structure. This is reflected above all in the Pythagorean notion of the well-ordered cosmos: the cosmos has the structure it does because that is the best structure it could have. In fact, that is what the word cosmos really means—primarily order, but also (...)
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  46. Justice and Healthcare: The Right to a Decent Minimum, Not Equality of Opportunity.Julian Savulescu - 2001 - American Journal of Bioethics 1 (2):1a-3a.
    (2001). Justice and Healthcare: The Right to a Decent Minimum, Not Equality of Opportunity. The American Journal of Bioethics: Vol. 1, No. 2, pp. 1a-3a.
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  47.  24
    Researches on the I Ching.Julian Shchutskii, William L. Macdonald, Tsuyoshi Hasegawa & Hellmut Wilhelm - 1981 - Philosophy East and West 31 (4):551-552.
  48.  5
    From model checking to equilibrium checking: Reactive modules for rational verification.Julian Gutierrez, Paul Harrenstein & Michael Wooldridge - 2017 - Artificial Intelligence 248 (C):123-157.
  49.  21
    Reasoning about equilibria in game-like concurrent systems.Julian Gutierrez, Paul Harrenstein & Michael Wooldridge - 2017 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 168 (2):373-403.
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  50.  21
    El transhumanismo a la luz de la antropología filosófica.Julián P. Natuzzi Cortazzo - 2020 - Logos. Anales Del Seminario de Metafísica [Universidad Complutense de Madrid, España] 53:81-98.
    El propósito de este artículo es mostrar algunos aspectos ideológicos de la concepción de la tecnología y del ser humano que subyacen en el transhumanismo. Se intentan demostrar estos aspectos a la luz de la antropología filosófica de Scheler, Plessner y otros autores mediante los siguientes argumentos: la crítica a la concepción neutral de la tecnología, el rechazo de la idea del ser humano como homo faber y la errónea comprensión transhumanista de la vida y la muerte. A partir de (...)
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