Results for 'Jukka M��kinen'

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  1.  32
    Neural and Developmental Bases of the Ability to Recognize Social Signals of Emotions.Jukka M. Leppänen - 2011 - Emotion Review 3 (2):179-188.
    Humans in diverse cultures develop a capacity to recognize and share others’ emotional states. In this article, studies in adult and developmental populations are reviewed and synthesized to build a framework for understanding the neural bases and development of emotion recognition. It is proposed that foundations for the development of emotion recognition are provided by an experience-expectant neural circuitry that emerges early in life, biases infants to attend to biologically salient information, and is refined and specialized through experience for processing (...)
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  2.  19
    Irrational Consumer Behavior in Financial Services: Implications for the Finnish Business and Society.Jukka M. Laitamaki, Raija Järvinen & Uolevi Lehtinen - 2008 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 19:16-22.
    Consumer driven and globally competitive financial markets are crucial for the future prosperity of the Finnish society (Laitamäki, Lehti and Paasio 1996). The largest transfer of wealth in history is currently taking place as Baby Boomers (born 1946-1964) prepare for their retirement and inherit the assets of the previous generation. Due to cognitive limitations and emotional biases these consumers don’t always make rational decisions with financial services. This conceptual study addresses irrational financial consumer behavior and its impact on the Finnish (...)
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  3.  2
    Associations Between Neonatal Cry Acoustics and Visual Attention During the First Year.Aicha Kivinummi, Gaurav Naithani, Outi Tammela, Tuomas Virtanen, Enni Kurkela, Miia Alhainen, Dana J. H. Niehaus, Anusha Lachman, Jukka M. Leppänen & Mikko J. Peltola - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  4.  25
    Incorporating Semantics and Individual Differences in Models of Working Memory.Janice M. Keenan, Jukka Hyönä & Johanna K. Kaakinen - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):742-742.
    Ruchkin et al.'s view of working memory as activated long-term memory is more compatible with language processing than models such as Baddeley's, but it raises questions about individual differences in working memory and the validity of domain-general capacity estimates. Does it make sense to refer to someone as having low working memory capacity if capacity depends on particular knowledge structures tapped by the task?
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  5. New Directions in the Ethics of Assisted Suicide and Euthanasia.Jukka Varelius & Michael Cholbi (eds.) - 2015 - Springer Verlag.
    Introduction Cholbi, Michael (et al.) Pages 1-10 -/- Assisted Dying and the Proper Role of Patient Autonomy Bullock, Emma C. Pages 11-25 -/- Preventing Assistance to Die: Assessing Indirect Paternalism Regarding Voluntary Active Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide Schramme, Thomas Pages 27-40 -/- Autonomy, Interests, Justice and Active Medical Euthanasia Savulescu, Julian Pages 41-58 -/- Mental Illness, Lack of Autonomy, and Physician-Assisted Death Varelius, Jukka Pages 59-77 -/- Euthanasia for Mental Suffering Raus, Kasper (et al.) Pages 79-96 -/- Assisted Dying (...)
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  6.  8
    A. M. Jacobelli Isoldi. "G. B. Vico: Per Una 'Scienza Della Storia'". [REVIEW]L. M. Palmer - 1985 - New Vico Studies 3:179.
  7.  39
    The Philosophy of Roderick M. Chisholm. [REVIEW]Timm Triplett, Lewis Edwin Hahn & Roderick M. Chisholm - 2000 - Philosophical Review 109 (3):450.
    In the intellectual autobiography that opens this book, Chisholm divides philosophers into “drones” and “commentators,” placing himself in the first group. As a drone, Chisholm proposed solutions to philosophical problems and asked his students and colleagues to try to refute him. He reports that they often did, sending him back to the drawing board. Chisholm’s wry self-description says much about his manner as well as his method. A more pretentious philosopher might have spoken of his dogged search for philosophical truth (...)
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  8.  14
    A Logical Approach to Context-Specific Independence.Jukka Corander, Antti Hyttinen, Juha Kontinen, Johan Pensar & Jouko Väänänen - 2019 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 170 (9):975-992.
    Directed acyclic graphs (DAGs) constitute a qualitative representation for conditional independence (CI) properties of a probability distribution. It is known that every CI statement implied by the topology of a DAG is witnessed over it under a graph-theoretic criterion of d-separation. Alternatively, all such implied CI statements are derivable from the local independencies encoded by a DAG using the so-called semi-graphoid axioms. We consider Labeled Directed Acyclic Graphs (LDAGs) modeling graphically scenarios exhibiting context-specific independence (CSI). Such CSI statements are modeled (...)
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  9.  16
    The Ethics of Bankruptcy.Jukka Kilpi - 1998 - Routledge.
    The fundamental ethical problem in bankruptcy is that insolvents have promised to pay their debts but can not keep their promise. The Ethics of Bankruptcy examines the morality of bankruptcy. The author compares and contrasts the Humean doctrine of promises as useful conventions with the Kantian view of autonomous agency constituting promissory obligations; he explores ethical concerns raised by forgiveness, utilitarianism and distributive justice and the moral aspects of insolvents' contractual, fiduciary, tortious and criminal liability. Finally, the author assesses recent (...)
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  10.  19
    Fiction and the Weave of Life.Jukka Mikkonen - 2008 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 66 (4):403-406.
  11. The Soviet Scholar-Bureaucrat: M. N. Pokrovskiĭ and the Society of Marxist Historians.George M. Enteen - 1978 - Pennsylvania State University Press.
    Mikhail Nikolaevich bridges 19th- and 20th-century Russian culture as well as Leninism and Stalinism, and later became an instrument in Khrushchev's effort at de-Stalinization. Pokrovskii was born in Moscow in 1868. He described the years before 1905 as his time of "democratic illusions and economic materialism." His interest in legal Marxism began in the 1890's but it was only with the Revolution of 1905 that he stepped into the Marxist camp. Pokrovskii was a leader in the creation of the "historical (...)
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  12. Giraldus Odonis O.F.M.: Opera Philosophica.: Vol. I. Logica . Critical Edition From the Manuscripts.L. M. De Rijk (ed.) - 1997 - Brill.
    This edition of Giraldus Odonis' Logica for the first time gives access to an important and original treatise, which has unduly been neglected since the author's death. It is also important in that it gives evidence of interesting achievements in the field of logic outside the anti-metaphysical circle surrounding Ockham.
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  13.  48
    Situational, Cultural and Societal Identities: Analysing Subject Positions as Classifications, Participant Roles, Viewpoints and Interactive Positions.Jukka Törrönen - 2014 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 44 (1):80-98.
    In this article I develop tools for analyzing the identities that emerge in qualitative material. I approach identities as historically, socially and culturally produced subject positions, as processes that are in a constant state of becoming and that receive their temporary stability and meaning in concrete contexts and circumstances. I suggest that the identities and subject positions that materialize in qualitative material can be analyzed from four different perspectives. They can be approached by focusing on (1) classifications that define the (...)
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  14. Extended Corporate Citizenship: A Libertarian Interpretation.Jukka Makinen & Petri Rasanen - 2011 - Electronic Journal of Business Ethics and Organization Studies 16 (2):6-11.
    We argue that the idea of ECC is more in line with libertarian than liberal thinking. The basic idea of ECC is the dislocation of the provider of citizenship rights from governments to corporations: corporations provide and administrate the same citizenship rights, which governments provided earlier, before the political processes started the privatization of these entitlements . According to John Rawls’ liberal viewpoint, citizens’ relations to the public structures of society are supposed to be fundamentally different from their relations to (...)
     
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  15.  24
    The Concept of Subject Position in Empirical Social Research.Jukka Torronen - 2001 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 31 (3):313–329.
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  16. Náčrt kritiky kierkegaardovho konceptu lásky V diele M. bubera, tw adorna a ke l0gstrupa.M. Buber, T. W. Adomo & K. E. Logstrup - 2003 - Filozofia 58 (7):484.
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  17.  67
    Pluralism in Political Corporate Social Responsibility.Jukka Mäkinen & Arno Kourula - 2012 - Business Ethics Quarterly 22 (4):649-678.
    Within corporate social responsibility (CSR), the exploration of the political role of firms (political CSR) has recently experienced a revival. We review three key periods of political CSR literature—classic, instrumental, and new political CSR—and use the Rawlsian conceptualization of division of moral labor within political systems to describe each period’s background political theories. The three main arguments of the paper are as follows. First, classic CSR literature was more pluralistic in terms of background political theories than many later texts. Second, (...)
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  18.  52
    Ethical Codes in the Digital World: Comparisons of the Proprietary, the Open/Free and the Cracker System. [REVIEW]Jukka Vuorinen - 2007 - Ethics and Information Technology 9 (1):27-38.
    The digital world provides various ethical frames for individuals to become ethical subjects. In this paper I examine – in a Foucauldian and Luhmannian way – the differences between three systems of communication: the proprietary, the open/free and the cracker system. It is argued that all three systems provide a different set of ethical codes which one can be subjected to. The language of each system is restricted and they cannot understand each other, they merely consider each other as the (...)
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  19.  34
    Jukka Kilpi, the Ethics of Bankruptcy. [REVIEW]Thomas L. Carson - 2000 - Journal of Value Inquiry 34 (4):565-570.
  20.  79
    II—M.G.F. Martin.M. G. F. Martin - 1997 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 71 (1):75-98.
  21.  26
    The Causality Horizon and the Developmental Bases of Morphological Evolution.Jukka Jernvall - 2013 - Biological Theory 8 (3):286-292.
    With the advent of evolutionary developmental research, or EvoDevo, there is hope of discovering the roles that the genetic bases of development play in morphological evolution. Studies in EvoDevo span several levels of organismal organization. Low-level studies identify the ultimate genetic changes responsible for morphological variation and diversity. High-level studies of development focus on how genetic differences affect the dynamics of gene networks and epigenetic interactions to modify morphology. Whereas an increasing number of studies link independent acquisition of homoplastic or (...)
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  22. String and M-Theory: Answering the Critics. [REVIEW]M. J. Duff - 2013 - Foundations of Physics 43 (1):182-200.
    Using as a springboard a three-way debate between theoretical physicist Lee Smolin, philosopher of science Nancy Cartwright and myself, I address in layman’s terms the issues of why we need a unified theory of the fundamental interactions and why, in my opinion, string and M-theory currently offer the best hope. The focus will be on responding more generally to the various criticisms. I also describe the diverse application of string/M-theory techniques to other branches of physics and mathematics which render the (...)
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  23. Decision-Making Competence and Respect for Patient Autonomy.Jukka Varelius - 2011 - Res Cogitans 8 (1).
     
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  24.  18
    Boundaries Between Business and Politics: A Study on the Division of Moral Labor.Jukka Mäkinen & Eero Kasanen - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 134 (1):103-116.
    The dominant framing of the political corporate social responsibility discussion challenges the traditional economic conception of the firm and aims to produce a paradigm shift in CSR studies wherein the traditional, apolitical view of corporations’ roles in society is replaced by the political conception of CSR. In this paper, we show how the major framing of the political CSR discussion calls for a redirection to take international hard legal and moral regulations, as well as the need for the boundaries between (...)
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  25.  51
    The Cognitive Value of Philosophical Fiction.Jukka Mikkonen - 2013 - Bloomsbury Academic.
    Can literary fictions convey significant philosophical views, understood in terms of propositional knowledge? This study addresses the philosophical value of literature by examining how literary works impart philosophy truth and knowledge and to what extent the works should be approached as communications of their authors. Beginning with theories of fiction, it examines the case against the prevailing ‘pretence’ and ‘make-believe’ theories of fiction hostile to propositional theories of literary truth. Tackling further arguments against the cognitive function and value of literature, (...)
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  26.  10
    The Treachery of Images in the Digital Sovereignty Debate.Jukka Ruohonen - 2021 - Minds and Machines 31 (3):439-456.
    This short theoretical and argumentative essay contributes to the ongoing deliberation about the so-called digitalfug sovereignty, as pursued particularly in the European Union. Drawing from classical political science literature, the essay approaches the debate through paradoxes that arise from applying classical notions of sovereignty to the digital domain. With these paradoxes and a focus on the Peace of Westphalia in 1648, the essay develops a viewpoint distinct from the conventional territorial notion of sovereignty. Accordingly, the lesson from Westphalia has more (...)
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  27.  46
    Teachers' Ethical Choices in Sociomoral Settings.Jukka Husu & Kirsi Tirri - 2001 - Journal of Moral Education 30 (4):361-375.
    This article discusses ethical dilemmas in early childhood education as identified by kindergarten and elementary school teachers (N = 26). Ethical dilemmas are investigated in the theoretical framework of moral relevance and moral conflict (Wallace 1988). Professional ethics challenges teachers to collaborate with colleagues and parents. The empirical findings present conflicts between teachers and parents, collegial conflicts between teachers, and cultural conflicts in the community. The method used in the study is a relational reading of teachers' narratives. Interpretative accounts are (...)
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  28.  50
    M. Poincaré's Science Et Hypothése.M. PoincarÉ - 1906 - Mind 15 (57):141-b-143.
  29.  20
    Aesthetic Appreciation of Nature and the Global Environmental Crisis.Jukka Mikkonen - 2022 - Environmental Values 31 (1):47-66.
    Global climate change has been characterised as the crisis of reason, imagination and language, to mention some. The 'everything change', as Margaret Atwood calls it, arguably also impacts on how we aesthetically perceive, interpret and appreciate nature. This article looks at philosophical theories of nature appreciation against global environmental change. The article examines how human-induced global climate change affects the 'scientific' approaches to nature appreciation which base aesthetic judgment on scientific knowledge and the competing 'non-scientific' approaches which emphasise the role (...)
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  30.  62
    Subjective Rightness: Holly M. Smith.Holly M. Smith - 2010 - Social Philosophy and Policy 27 (2):64-110.
    Twentieth century philosophers introduced the distinction between “objective rightness” and “subjective rightness” to achieve two primary goals. The first goal is to reduce the paradoxical tension between our judgments of what is best for an agent to do in light of the actual circumstances in which she acts and what is wisest for her to do in light of her mistaken or uncertain beliefs about her circumstances. The second goal is to provide moral guidance to an agent who may be (...)
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  31. Henkin Quantifiers,[W:] Krynicki M., Mostowski M., Szczerba LW (Red.).M. Krynicki - 1995 - In M. Krynicki, M. Mostowski & L. Szczerba (eds.), Quantifiers: Logics, Models and Computation. Kluwer Academic Publishers.
     
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  32.  28
    [Letter From B. M. Laing].B. M. Laing - 1932 - Philosophy 7 (27):374-374.
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  33. The Identity Problem for Realist Structuralism II: A Reply to Shapiro.Jukka Keranen - 2006 - In Fraser MacBride (ed.), Identity and Modality. Clarendon Press.
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  34.  37
    Can Self-Validating Neuroenhancement Be Autonomous?Jukka Varelius - 2020 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 23 (1):51-59.
    Consider that an individual improves her capacities by neuroscientific means. It turns out that, besides altering her in the way(s) she intended, the enhancement also changes her personality in significant way(s) she did not foresee. Yet the person endorses her new self because the neuroenhancement she underwent changed her. Can the person’s approval of her new personality be autonomous? While questions of autonomy have already gathered a significant amount of attention in philosophical literature on human enhancement, the problem just described—henceforth (...)
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  35.  33
    Bayesian Model Learning Based on Predictive Entropy.Jukka Corander & Pekka Marttinen - 2006 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 15 (1-2):5-20.
    Bayesian paradigm has been widely acknowledged as a coherent approach to learning putative probability model structures from a finite class of candidate models. Bayesian learning is based on measuring the predictive ability of a model in terms of the corresponding marginal data distribution, which equals the expectation of the likelihood with respect to a prior distribution for model parameters. The main controversy related to this learning method stems from the necessity of specifying proper prior distributions for all unknown parameters of (...)
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  36. Robea M Brown, Jay J Janney, Karen Paul. An Empirical Investigation of the Relationship Between Change in Corporate Social Performance and Financial Performance: A Stakeholder Theory Perspective.Bernadette M. Ruf & Krishnarnurty Muralidhar - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 32 (2).
     
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  37.  13
    Leibniz: Dissertation on Combinatorial Art. Translated with Introduction and Commentary: M. Mugnai, H. Van Ruler, and M. Wilson, Editors. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2020. X + 307 Pp. £53. ISBN 978-0-19-883795-4.M. R. Antognazza - 2021 - History and Philosophy of Logic 43 (2):187-188.
    This volume offers the first-ever complete English translation of Leibniz’s Dissertatio De Arte Combinatoria together with a critical edition of the original Latin text on fa...
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  38.  12
    Synthesising Corporate Responsibility on Organisational and Societal Levels of Analysis: An Integrative Perspective.Pasi Heikkurinen & Jukka Mäkinen - 2018 - Journal of Business Ethics 149 (3):589-607.
    This article develops an integrative perspective on corporate responsibility by synthesising competing perspectives on the responsibility of the corporation at the organisational and societal levels of analysis. We review three major corporate responsibility perspectives, which we refer to as economic, critical, and politico-ethical. We analyse the major potential uses and pitfalls of the perspectives, and integrate the debate on these two levels. Our synthesis concludes that when a society has a robust division of moral labour in place, the responsibility of (...)
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  39. Medical Expertise, Existential Suffering and Ending Life.Jukka Varelius - 2014 - Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (2):104-107.
    In this article, I assess the position that voluntary euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide ought not to be accepted in the cases of persons who suffer existentially but who have no medical condition, because existential questions do not fall within the domain of physicians’ professional expertise. I maintain that VE and PAS based on suffering arising from medical conditions involves existential issues relevantly similar to those confronted in connection with existential suffering. On that basis I conclude that if VE and PAS (...)
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  40. Setting Things Before the Mind: M.G.F. Martin.M. G. F. Martin - 1998 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 43:157-179.
    Listening to someone from some distance in a crowded room you may experience the following phenomenon: when looking at them speak, you may both hear and see where the source of the sounds is; but when your eyes are turned elsewhere, you may no longer be able to detect exactly where the voice must be coming from. With your eyes again fixed on the speaker, and the movement of her lips a clear sense of the source of the sound will (...)
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  41.  17
    Reference Without Referents.R. M. Sainsbury (ed.) - 2005 - Oxford, England and New York, NY, USA: Oxford University Press UK.
    Reference is a central topic in philosophy of language, and has been the main focus of discussion about how language relates to the world. R. M. Sainsbury sets out a new approach to the concept, which promises to bring to an end some long-standing debates in semantic theory.There is a single category of referring expressions, all of which deserve essentially the same kind of semantic treatment. Included in this category are both singular and plural referring expressions, complex and non-complex referring (...)
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  42. Ihmisen Huuto: Kärsimyksestä, Toivosta Ja Lähimmäisyydestä.Jukka Paarma - 2009 - Kirjapaja.
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  43. Exceeding the Limits: On the Poetics and Politics of Audiovisuality.Jukka Sihvonen - 1991 - Distribution, Sets.
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  44. Developing Anthropological Ideas the Edward Westermarck Memorial Lectures, 1983-1997.Jukka Siikala, Ulla Vuorela, Tapio Nisula & Edward Westermarck - 1998
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  45. Stress and Tinnitus; Transcutaneous Auricular Vagal Nerve Stimulation Attenuates Tinnitus-Triggered Stress Reaction.Jukka Ylikoski, Marika Markkanen, Ulla Pirvola, Jarmo Antero Lehtimäki, Matti Ylikoski, Zou Jing, Saku T. Sinkkonen & Antti Mäkitie - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  46.  83
    The Value of Autonomy in Medical Ethics.Jukka Varelius - 2006 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 9 (3):377-388.
    This articles assesses the arguments that bioethicists have presented for the view that patient’ autonomy has value over and beyond its instrumental value in promoting the patients’ wellbeing. It argues that this view should be rejected and concludes that patients’ autonomy should be taken to have only instrumental value in medicine.
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  47.  18
    What is "Good Taste"?Jukka Gronow - 1993 - Social Science Information 32 (2):279-301.
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  48.  23
    In Defense of a Regulated Market Economy.Jukka Mäkinen & Eero Kasanen - 2015 - Journal of Global Ethics 11 (1):99-109.
    The dominant understanding of political corporate social responsibility suggests new, broader political roles for businesses in the globalized economy, challenging the classical liberal social order. In this paper, we show how the major framing of the political CSR discussion not only challenges the classical liberal social order but also goes against the more general political economic perspective of the regulated market economy. We argue that this latter tendency of the political CSR discussion is its main weakness. We introduce a Rawlsian (...)
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  49. Th.O.M.A.S.: An Exploratory Assessment of Theory of Mind in Schizophrenic Subjects.Francesca M. Bosco, Livia Colle, Silvia De Fazio, Adele Bono, Saverio Ruberti & Maurizio Tirassa - 2009 - Cogprints 18 (1):306-319.
    A large body of literature agrees that persons with schizophrenia suffer from a Theory of Mind deficit. However, most empirical studies have focused on third-person, egocentric ToM, underestimating other facets of this complex cognitive skill. Aim of this research is to examine the ToM of schizophrenic persons considering its various aspects, to determine whether some components are more impaired than others. We developed a Theory of Mind Assessment Scale and administered it to 22 persons with a DSM-IV diagnosis of schizophrenia (...)
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  50. I—R. M. Sainsbury and Michael Tye: An Originalist Theory of Concepts.R. M. Sainsbury & Michael Tye - 2011 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 85 (1):101-124.
    We argue that thoughts are structures of concepts, and that concepts should be individuated by their origins, rather than in terms of their semantic or epistemic properties. Many features of cognition turn on the vehicles of content, thoughts, rather than on the nature of the contents they express. Originalism makes concepts available to explain, with no threat of circularity, puzzling cases concerning thought. In this paper, we mention Hesperus/Phosphorus puzzles, the Evans-Perry example of the ship seen through different windows, and (...)
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