Results for 'Judy F. West'

998 found
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  1.  69
    The ethics of smoking policies.Judy C. Nixon & Judy F. West - 1989 - Journal of Business Ethics 8 (6):409 - 414.
    Smoking has long been declared a health hazard. In 1964, the U.S. Surgeon General revealed that smoking was related to lung cancer. Subsequent reports linked smoking to numerous other health problems. Recent statements by the Surgeon General indicated smokers do have the right to decide to continue or quit; however, their choice to continue cannot interfere with the nonsmoker's right to breathe smoke-free air.The full impact of adverse health consequences of involuntary smoking may not be recognized yet. Smoke is now (...)
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  2.  54
    Chinese Negotiators' Subjective Variations in Intercultural Negotiations.Clyde A. Warden & Judy F. Chen - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 88 (3):529 - 537.
    Chinese negotiators are known to have a negotiation emphasis that differs from their Western counterparts, especially in issues of face and conflict. These values, however, are not monolithic, and can change depending on the negotiation circumstance. This research examines how negotiation tactics changes when Chinese negotiators are faced with counterparts from near and distant cultures. An online conjoint simulation drew 351 respondents in Taiwan to test subjective perceptions of counterparts from the USA and Japan. Chinese respondents exhibited increased cultural accommodation (...)
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  3.  14
    Chinese Negotiators’ Subjective Variations in Intercultural Negotiations.Clyde A. Warden & Judy F. Chen - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 88 (S3):529-537.
    Chinese negotiators are known to have a negotiation emphasis that differs from their Western counterparts, especially in issues of face and conflict. These values, however, are not monolithic, and can change depending on the negotiation circumstance. This research examines how negotiation tactics changes when Chinese negotiators are faced with counterparts from near and distant cultures. An online conjoint simulation drew 351 respondents in Taiwan to test subjective perceptions of counterparts from the USA and Japan. Chinese respondents exhibited increased cultural accommodation (...)
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  4.  15
    Spontaneous recovery and sleep.Bruce R. Ekstrand, Michael J. Sullivan, David F. Parker & James N. West - 1971 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 88 (1):142.
  5.  13
    Neuro-dynamics of executive control in bilingual language switching: An MEG study.Judy D. Zhu, Robert A. Seymour, Anita Szakay & Paul F. Sowman - 2020 - Cognition 199 (C):104247.
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  6.  38
    Medical and nursing clinical decision making: A comparative epistemological analysis.Judy Rashotte RN MScN & F. A. Carnevale RN PhD - 2004 - Nursing Philosophy 5 (2):160–174.
  7.  23
    Medical and nursing clinical decision making: a comparative epistemological analysis.Judy Rashotte & F. A. Carnevale - 2004 - Nursing Philosophy 5 (2):160-174.
    The aim of this article is to explore the complex forms of knowledge involved in diagnostic and interventional decision making by comparing the processes in medicine and nursing, including nurse practitioners. Many authors assert that the practice of clinical decision making involves the application of theoretical knowledge (acquired in the classroom and textbooks) as well as research evidence, upon concrete particular cases. This approach draws on various universal principles and algorithms to facilitate the task. On the other hand, others argue (...)
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  8. On the failure of cognitive ability to predict myside and one-sided thinking biases.Richard F. West & Keith E. Stanovich - 2008 - Thinking and Reasoning 14 (2):129-167.
    Two critical thinking skills—the tendency to avoid myside bias and to avoid one-sided thinking—were examined in three different experiments involving over 1200 participants and across two different paradigms. Robust indications of myside bias were observed in all three experiments. Participants gave higher evaluations to arguments that supported their opinions than those that refuted their prior positions. Likewise, substantial one-side bias was observed—participants were more likely to prefer a one-sided to a balanced argument. There was substantial variation in both types of (...)
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  9. Individual differences in reasoning: Implications for the rationality debate?Keith E. Stanovich & Richard F. West - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):645-665.
    Much research in the last two decades has demonstrated that human responses deviate from the performance deemed normative according to various models of decision making and rational judgment (e.g., the basic axioms of utility theory). This gap between the normative and the descriptive can be interpreted as indicating systematic irrationalities in human cognition. However, four alternative interpretations preserve the assumption that human behavior and cognition is largely rational. These posit that the gap is due to (1) performance errors, (2) computational (...)
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  10.  60
    Assessing miserly information processing: An expansion of the Cognitive Reflection Test.Maggie E. Toplak, Richard F. West & Keith E. Stanovich - 2014 - Thinking and Reasoning 20 (2):147-168.
    The Cognitive Reflection Test (CRT; Frederick, 2005) is designed to measure the tendency to override a prepotent response alternative that is incorrect and to engage in further reflection that leads to the correct response. It is a prime measure of the miserly information processing posited by most dual process theories. The original three-item test may be becoming known to potential participants, however. We examined a four-item version that could serve as a substitute for the original. Our data show that it (...)
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  11.  25
    Hesiod Theogonia, Opera Et Dies, Scutum, Fragmenta Selecta.F. Solmsen, R. Merkelbach & M. L. West (eds.) - 1970 - Oxford University Press UK.
    In this new and third edition, the additional fragments contained in the appendix of the second edition have been incorporated in the main text. Some further discoveries have been included, and reference has been made to the results of recent research on the relative placing of certain papyrus fragments. The index of names has been brought up to date.
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  12. Cognitive ability and variation in selection task performance.Keith E. Stanovich & Richard F. West - 1998 - Thinking and Reasoning 4 (3):193-230.
    Individual differences in performance on a variety of selection tasks were examined in three studies employing over 800 participants. Nondeontic tasks were solved disproportionately by individuals of higher cognitive ability. In contrast, responses on two deontic tasks that have shown robust performance facilitationthe Drinking-age Problem and the Sears Problem-were unrelated to cognitive ability. Performance on deontic and nondeontic tasks was consistently associated. Individuals in the correct/correct cell of the bivariate performance matrix were over-represented. That is, individuals giving the modal response (...)
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  13.  79
    Individual Differences in Framing and Conjunction Effects.Keith E. Stanovich & Richard F. West - 1998 - Thinking and Reasoning 4 (4):289-317.
    Individual differences on a variety of framing and conjunction problems were examined in light of Slovic and Tversky's (1974) understanding/acceptance principle-that more reflective and skilled reasoners are more likely to affirm the axioms that define normative reasoning and to endorse the task construals of informed experts. The predictions derived from the principle were confirmed for the much discussed framing effect in the Disease Problem and for the conjunction fallacy on the Linda Problem. Subjects of higher cognitive ability were disproportionately likely (...)
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  14. Natural myside bias is independent of cognitive ability.Keith E. Stanovich & Richard F. West - 2007 - Thinking and Reasoning 13 (3):225 – 247.
    Natural myside bias is the tendency to evaluate propositions from within one's own perspective when given no instructions or cues (such as within-participants conditions) to avoid doing so. We defined the participant's perspective as their previously existing status on four variables: their sex, whether they smoked, their alcohol consumption, and the strength of their religious beliefs. Participants then evaluated a contentious but ultimately factual proposition relevant to each of these demographic factors. Myside bias is defined between-participants as the mean difference (...)
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  15. Christian decision and action.Richard F. West - 1967 - New York]: Herder & Herder. Edited by Don Herzbach.
  16.  22
    How much of sentence priming is word priming?Richard F. West & Keith E. Stanovich - 1988 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 26 (1):1-4.
  17. Jonathan Smallwood, Marc Obonsawin, and Derek Heim. Task Unrelated Thought: The Role of.Robert West, Douglas F. Watt, P. Andrew Leynes, Christopher B. Mayhorn, Alfred Buck, Dawn M. McBride, Barbara Anne Dosher, Matthew Brown, Derek Besner & Alain Morin - 2002 - Consciousness and Cognition 11:375.
     
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  18.  10
    Proportional counter measurements of π-mesonic x-rays from beryllium.D. West & E. F. Bradley - 1956 - Philosophical Magazine 1 (1):97-100.
  19.  11
    Proportional counter measurements of π-mesonic X-Rays.D. West & E. F. Bradley - 1957 - Philosophical Magazine 2 (20):957-976.
  20.  19
    The neutral condition in sentence context experiments: Empirical studies.Richard F. West & Keith E. Stanovich - 1988 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 26 (2):87-90.
  21.  43
    Evolutionary versus instrumental goals: How evolutionary psychology misconceives human rationality.Keith E. Stanovich & R. F. West - 2003 - In David E. Over (ed.), Evolution and the Psychology of Thinking: The Debate. Psychology Press. pp. 171--230.
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  22. Advancing the rationality debate.Keith E. Stanovich & Richard F. West - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):701-717.
    In this response, we clarify several misunderstandings of the understanding/acceptance principle and defend our specific operationalization of that principle. We reiterate the importance of addressing the problem of rational task construal and we elaborate the notion of computational limitations contained in our target article. Our concept of thinking dispositions as variable intentional-level styles of epistemic and behavioral regulation is explained, as is its relation to the rationality debate. Many of the suggestions of the commentators for elaborating two-process models are easily (...)
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  23. Managing Incidental Findings in Human Subjects Research: Analysis and Recommendations.Susan M. Wolf, Frances P. Lawrenz, Charles A. Nelson, Jeffrey P. Kahn, Mildred K. Cho, Ellen Wright Clayton, Joel G. Fletcher, Michael K. Georgieff, Dale Hammerschmidt, Kathy Hudson, Judy Illes, Vivek Kapur, Moira A. Keane, Barbara A. Koenig, Bonnie S. LeRoy, Elizabeth G. McFarland, Jordan Paradise, Lisa S. Parker, Sharon F. Terry, Brian Van Ness & Benjamin S. Wilfond - 2008 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (2):219-248.
    No consensus yet exists on how to handle incidental fnd-ings in human subjects research. Yet empirical studies document IFs in a wide range of research studies, where IFs are fndings beyond the aims of the study that are of potential health or reproductive importance to the individual research participant. This paper reports recommendations of a two-year project group funded by NIH to study how to manage IFs in genetic and genomic research, as well as imaging research. We conclude that researchers (...)
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  24.  10
    East-West relational imaginaries: Classical Chinese gardens & self cultivation.Judy Bullington - 2024 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 56 (4):299-304.
  25.  84
    The rationality debate as a progressive research program.Keith E. Stanovich & Richard F. West - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (4):531-533.
    We did not, as Brakel & Shevrin imply, intend to classify either System 1 or System 2 as rational or irrational. Instrumental rationality is assessed at the organismic level, not at the subpersonal level. Thus, neither System 1 nor System 2 are themselves inherently rational or irrational. Also, that genetic fitness and instrumental rationality are not to be equated was a major theme in our target article. We disagree with Bringsjord & Yang's point that the tasks used in the heuristics (...)
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  26.  14
    Problems and paradigms: Physiological analysis of bone appetite (Osteophagia).D. A. Denton, J. R. Blair-West, M. J. McKinley & J. F. Nelson - 1986 - Bioessays 4 (1):40-43.
    The vegetation eaten by animals on large areas of several continents is deficient in phosphate and deleterious effects on physiology, particularly reproduction, ensue. Records on bone chewing behaviour by both pastoral andwild game animals extend over two centuries. In laboratory investigation of this apt behaviour it has been shown that the appetite for bones is innate and specific and cued predominantly by olfactory stimuli. It is suppressed by rapidly increasing the plasma phosphate concentration to normal but not influenced by increasing (...)
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  27. Problems and paradigms: Physiological analysis of bone appetite (Osteophagia).da DentonBlair‐West Jr, M. J. McKinley & J. F. Nelson - 1986 - Bioessays 4 (1):40-43.
     
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  28.  13
    Measurement: Definitions and Theories.Communication, Organization, and Science.V. F. Lenzen, C. West Churchman, Philburn Ratoosh, Jerome Rothstein & C. A. Muses - 1960 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 21 (2):265.
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  29. Mill's Utilitarianism: Critical Essays.Elizabeth S. Anderson, F. R. Berger, David O. Brink, D. G. Brown, Amy Gutmann, Peter Railton, J. O. Urmson & Henry R. West (eds.) - 1997 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    John Stuart Mill's Utilitarianism continues to serve as a rich source of moral and theoretical insight. This collection of articles by top scholars offers fresh interpretations of Mill's ideas about happiness, moral obligation, justice, and rights. Applying contemporary philosophical insights, the articles challenge the conventional readings of Mill, and, in the process, contribute to a deeper understanding of utilitarian theory as well as the complexity of moral life.
     
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  30. Individual differences in reasoning: Implications for the rationality debate?-Open Peer Commentary-The questionable utility of cognitive ability in explaining cognitive illusions.K. E. Stanovich, R. F. West & R. Hertwig - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):678-678.
  31. Individual differences in reasoning: Implications for the rationality debate?-Open Peer Commentary-Individual differences: Variation by design.K. E. Stanovich, R. F. West, A. J. Greene & W. B. Levy - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):676-676.
     
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  32. Individual differences in reasoning: Implications for the rationality debate?-Open Peer Commentary-Normative and prescriptive implications of individual differences.K. E. Stanovich, R. F. West & J. Baron - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):668-668.
     
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  33. Individual differences in reasoning: Implications for the rationality debate?-Open Peer Commentary-A psychological point of view: Violations of rational rules as a diagnostic of mental processes.K. E. Stanovich, R. F. West & D. Kalmeman - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):681-682.
     
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  34. Individual differences in reasoning: Implications for the rationality debate?-Open Peer Commentary-Differences, games, and pluralism.K. E. Stanovich, R. F. West & R. A. McCain - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):688-688.
     
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  35. Individual differences in reasoning: Implications for the rationality debate?-Open Peer Commentary-Gone with the wind: Individual differences in heuristics and biases undermine the implication of.K. E. Stanovich, R. F. West & D. C. Funder - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):673-673.
     
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  36. Individual differences in reasoning: Implications for the rationality debate?-Open Peer Commentary-The rationality debate from the perspective of cognitive-experiential self-theory.K. E. Stanovich, R. F. West & S. Epstein - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):671.
  37. Individual differences in reasoning: Implications for the rationality debate?-Open Peer Commentary-Implicit learning of (boundedly) rational behaviour.K. E. Stanovich, R. F. West & D. J. Zizzo - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):700-700.
     
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  38. Individual differences in reasoning: Implications for the rationality debate?-Open Peer Commentary-Dilemmas of rationality.K. E. Stanovich, R. F. West & K. I. Manktelow - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):687-687.
  39.  15
    Towards a general logic of propositions.C. West Churchman, F. P. Clarke & M. C. Nahm - 1942 - Philadelphia: [University of Pennsylvania press].
  40.  15
    Patients Assessment of Chronic Illness Care (PACIC) in two Australian studies: structure and utility.Jane Taggart, Bibiana Chan, Upali W. Jayasinghe, Bettina Christl, Judy Proudfoot, Patrick Crookes, Justin Beilby, Deborah Black & Mark F. Harris - 2011 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (2):215-221.
  41. Taking Parenting Public: The Case for a New Social Movement.Enola G. Aird, Allan C. Carlson, David Elkind, William A. Galston, S. Jody Heymann, Wade F. Horn, Bernice Kanner, Juliet B. Schor, Raymond Seidelman, Theda Skocpol, Ruy Teixeira, Cornel West, Peter Winn, Edward Wolff & Ruth A. Wooden - 2002 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Taking Parenting Public makes a compelling case that parenting has become dangerously undervalued in America today. It calls for a new investment—both personal and public—into the work of raising children and argues that we are all "stockholders" in the next generation. With a foreword by Sylvia Ann Hewlett and Cornel West, Taking Parenting Public crosses boundaries to bring together thinkers from diverse fields spanning the political spectrum. It features contributions from distinguished experts in economics, political science, public policy, child (...)
     
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  42.  23
    Book Review Section 4. [REVIEW]Phyllis A. Katz, F. Raymond Mckenna, H. George Bonekemper, Charles E. Alberti, Larry L. Lorten, Richard H. Cummings, Richard S. Prawat, John P. Rickards, Joseph L. Devitis, Judith W. Leslie, Charles K. West, George F. Luger, David J. Kleinke, William E. Loadman & Laura D. Harckham - unknown
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  43.  34
    Book Review Section 2. [REVIEW]John H. Scahill, Charles K. West, Linda Valli, Robert F. Arnove, Beverly M. Gordon, Earle H. West, Maurice M. Martinez, Kathleen Densmore, Cameron Fincher, Alan H. Jones, C. H. Edson, Richard H. Usher, Michael W. Apple & Olga Skorapa - 1987 - Educational Studies 18 (3):413-492.
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  44.  10
    John Tyler Bonner: Remembering a scientific pioneer.Ingo Brigandt, L. A. Katz, V. Nanjundiah, S. F. Gilbert, P. R. Grant, B. R. Grant, Alan Love, S. A. Newman & M. J. West-Eberhard - 2019 - Journal of Experimental Evolution (Mol Dev Evol) 332:365-370.
    Throughout his life, John Tyler Bonner contributed to major transformations in the fields of developmental and evolutionary biology. He pondered the evolution of complexity and the significance of randomness in evolution, and was instrumental in the formation of evolutionary developmental biology. His contributions were vast, ranging from highly technical scientific articles to numerous books written for a broad audience. This historical vignette gathers reflections by several prominent researchers on the greatness of John Bonner and the implications of his work.
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  45.  18
    The development of word recognition mechanisms: Inference and unitization.Keith E. Stanovich, Dean G. Purcell & Richard F. West - 1979 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 13 (2):71-74.
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  46. Merchant Moscow: Images of Russia's Vanished Bourgeoisie. Edited by James L. West and Iurii A. Petrov.F. S. Zuckerman - 2000 - The European Legacy 5 (4):617-617.
     
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  47.  8
    Io and the dark stranger (Sophocles, Inachus F 269a).Stephanie West - 1984 - Classical Quarterly 34 (02):292-.
    More Than a quarter of a century has elapsed since the publication of the Oxyrhynchus papyrus which Lobel identified as a fragment of Sophocles’ Inachus, and though it has revolutionised our knowledge of the play, it has proved an excellent example of the papyrological commonplace that each new discovery creates more problems than it solves. What could with reasonable confidence be inferred about the Inachus from the comparatively numerous ancient quotations and allusions is well summarised in Pearson's introduction: Inachus, Hermes, (...)
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  48.  19
    Natural History of the West IndiesGonzalo Fernández de Oviedo Sterling A. Stoudemire.F. Guerra - 1960 - Isis 51 (3):359-359.
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  49.  71
    An empirical study of ethical predispositions.F. Neil Brady & Gloria E. Wheeler - 1996 - Journal of Business Ethics 15 (9):927-940.
    Using a two-part instrument consisting of eight vignettes and twenty character traits, the study sampled 141 employees of a mid-west financial firm regarding their predispositions to prefer utilitarian or formalist forms of ethical reasoning. In contrast with earlier studies, we found that these respondents did not prefer utilitarian reasoning. Several other hypotheses were tested involving the relationship between people's preferences for certain types of solutions to issues and the forms of reasoning they use to arrive at those solutions; the (...)
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  50.  57
    Critical care ethics in Hong Kong: Cross-cultural conflicts as east meets west.F. Cheng, Mary Ip, K. K. Wong & W. W. Yan - 1998 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 23 (6):616 – 627.
    The practice of critical care medicine has long been a difficult task for most critical care physicians in the densely populated city of Hong Kong, where we face limited resources and a limited number of intensive care beds. Our triage decisions are largely based on the potential of functional reversibility of the patients. Provision of graded care beds may help to relieve some of the demands on the intensive care beds. Decisions to forego futile medical treatment are frequently physician-guided family-based (...)
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