Results for 'Joshua C. Gellers'

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  1.  13
    Sing C. Chew, Ecology, Artificial Intelligence, and Virtual Reality: Life in the Digital Dark Ages.Joshua C. Gellers - 2021 - Environmental Values 30 (6):789-791.
  2. Does Cognitive Science Show Belief in God to Be Irrational? The Epistemic Consequences of the Cognitive Science of Religion.Joshua C. Thurow - 2013 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 74 (1):77-98.
    The last 15 years or so has seen the development of a fascinating new area of cognitive science: the cognitive science of religion (CSR). Scientists in this field aim to explain religious beliefs and various other religious human activities by appeal to basic cognitive structures that all humans possess. The CSR scientific theories raise an interesting philosophical question: do they somehow show that religious belief, more specifically belief in a god of some kind, is irrational? In this paper I investigate (...)
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  3. The a Priori Defended: A Defense of the Generality Argument.Joshua C. Thurow - 2008 - Philosophical Studies 146 (2):273-289.
    One of Laurence BonJour’s main arguments for the existence of the a priori is an argument that a priori justification is indispensable for making inferences from experience to conclusions that go beyond experience. This argument has recently come under heavy fire from Albert Casullo, who has dubbed BonJour’s argument, “The Generality Argument.” In this paper I (i) defend the Generality Argument against Casullo’s criticisms, and (ii) develop a new, more plausible, version of the Generality Argument in response to some other (...)
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  4.  38
    Evaluating the Correspondence Between Deep Neural Networks and Human Representations.Joshua C. Peterson, Joshua T. Abbott & Thomas L. Griffiths - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (8):2648-2669.
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  5.  9
    Learning to Look: A Handbook for the Visual Arts.Joshua C. Taylor - 1981 - University of Chicago Press.
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  6. The Defeater Version of Benacerraf’s Problem for a Priori Knowledge.Joshua C. Thurow - 2013 - Synthese 190 (9):1587-1603.
    Paul Benacerraf’s argument that mathematical realism is apparently incompatible with mathematical knowledge has been widely thought to also show that a priori knowledge in general is problematic. Although many philosophers have rejected Benacerraf’s argument because it assumes a causal theory of knowledge, some maintain that Benacerraf nevertheless put his finger on a genuine problem, even though he didn’t state the problem in its most challenging form. After diagnosing what went wrong with Benacerraf’s argument, I argue that a new, more challenging, (...)
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  7.  36
    Problems with Compensation: Gleeson on Marilyn McCord Adams on Evil.Joshua C. Thurow - 2020 - Sophia 59 (3):513-524.
    According to the most recent articulation of her view, Marilyn Adams’s reply to the problem of horrendous evils states that God offers compensation to those who experience horrendous evils. This compensation includes the good of the incarnation of God and the good of identification with God in virtue of suffering horrendous evils. Andrew Gleeson has raised a series of objections to Adams’s recent articulation. I argue that all of Gleeson’s arguments fail or fail to pose a distinct challenge. I then (...)
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  8.  22
    Some Reflections on Cognitive Science, Doubt, and Religious Belief.Joshua C. Thurow - 2014 - In Justin Barrett Roger Trigg (ed.), The Root of Religion. Ashgate.
    Religious belief and behavior raises the following two questions: (Q1) Does God, or any other being or state that is integral to various religious traditions, exist? (Q2) Why do humans have religious beliefs and engage in religious behavior? How one answers (Q2) can affect how reasonable individuals can be in accepting a particular answer to (Q1). My aim in this chapter is to carefully distinguish the various ways in which an answer to Q2 might affect the rationality of believing in (...)
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  9.  23
    Natural Signs and Knowledge of God: A New Look at Theistic Arguments, by C. Stephen Evans.Joshua C. Thurow - 2013 - Faith and Philosophy 30 (2):221-224.
  10.  50
    Atoning in Purgatory.Joshua C. Thurow - 2017 - Religious Studies 53 (2):217-237.
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  11.  7
    Impulsive Delayed Reward Discounting as a Genetically-Influenced Target for Drug Abuse Prevention: A Critical Evaluation.Joshua C. Gray & James MacKillop - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  12.  14
    He Died for Our Sins.Joshua C. Thurow - 2021 - Journal of Analytic Theology 9:238-261.
    How does Jesus’s death atone for human sin? Traditional answers to this question face a challenge: explain how Jesus’s death plays an important and distinctive role in atoning for human sin without employing problematic philosophical or moral assumptions. I present a new answer that meets the challenge. In the context of the Jewish sacrificial background, the blood of a pure victim can communicate the washing away of sins. Jesus’s death atones because through it his blood, and then his resurrection, can (...)
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  13. Moral Intuitionism Defeated?Nathan Ballantyne & Joshua C. Thurow - 2013 - American Philosophical Quarterly 50 (4):411-422.
    Walter Sinnott-Armstrong has developed and progressively refined an argument against moral intuitionism—the view on which some moral beliefs enjoy non-inferential justification. He has stated his argument in a few different forms, but the basic idea is straightforward. To start with, Sinnott-Armstrong highlights facts relevant to the truth of moral beliefs: such beliefs are sometimes biased, influenced by various irrelevant factors, and often subject to disagreement. Given these facts, Sinnott-Armstrong infers that many moral beliefs are false. What then shall we think (...)
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  14.  12
    Two Visual Excursions.Joshua C. Taylor - 1974 - Critical Inquiry 1 (1):91-102.
    As some artists discovered early in the century, there is a particular pleasure and stimulation to be derived from works of art created by cultures untouched by our own traditions of form. In part this is probably a delight in exoticism, in being away from home, and in part it possibly is our sentiment for cultures we look on as traditional, in a Jungian sense, or primitive in their unquestioning allegiance to simple cultural necessity. But more significantly, without indulging in (...)
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  15. Does the Scientific Study of Religion Cast Doubt on Theistic Belief?Joshua C. Thurow - 2014 - In Michael Bergmann Patrick Kain (ed.), Challenges to Moral and Religious Belief. Oxford University Press. pp. 277-294.
  16. Jesse Bering, The God Instinct: The Psychology of Souls, Destiny, and the Meaning of Life, Nicholas Brealey Publishing, 2011.Joshua C. Thurow - 2013 - European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 5 (3):196-202.
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  17.  63
    Bonaventure’s De Reductione Artium Ad Theologiam and Its Early Reception as an Inaugural Sermon.Joshua C. Benson - 2011 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 85 (1):7-24.
    This essay further substantiates the author’s earlier thesis that St. Bonaventure’s De reductione was the second half of his inaugural lecture atParis. After reviewing the central aspect of that thesis, the essay further shows how an unedited inaugural sermon, Fons sapientiae Verbum Dei in excelsis received the De reductione in its earliest form, particularly in its use of specific authorities and its division of the lights of knowledge. The discovery of this sermon further confirms in its reception of the De (...)
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  18.  17
    Intuition Theory of the A Priori, with Implications for Experimental Philosophy.Joshua C. Thurow - 2013 - In Albert Casullo & Joshua C. Thurow (eds.), The a Priori in Philosophy. Oxford University Press. pp. 67.
  19.  28
    Identifying the Literary Genre of the De Reductione Artium Ad Theologiam: Bonaventure's Inaugural Lecture at Paris.Joshua C. Benson - 2009 - Franciscan Studies 67:149-178.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:IntroductionIn 1974 at a gathering celebrating the seventh centenary of Bonaventure's death, Ignatius Brady reviewed the Quaracchi edition of Bonaventure's works. He noted various problems with the edition and considered the authenticity of a number of works discovered since the edition's completion in 1902. He argued against the attribution of all the texts then newly ascribed to Bonaventure, but pointed forward to texts that might still be looked for, (...)
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  20.  23
    Gregory Joshua C.. Heterological and Homological. Mind, N.S. Vol. 61 , Pp. 85–88.Charles A. Baylis - 1952 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 17 (3):220-220.
  21.  23
    Debunking and Fully Apt Belief.Joshua C. Thurow - 2018 - Filosofia Unisinos 19 (3).
    One of the contentious philosophical issues surrounding the cognitive science of religion (CSR) is whether well-confirmed CSR theories would debunk religious beliefs. These debates have been contentious in part because of criticisms of epistemic principles used in debunking arguments. In this paper I use Ernest Sosa’s respected theory of knowledge as fully apt belief—which avoids objections that have been leveled against sensitivity and safety principles often used in debunking arguments—to construct a plausible debunking argument for religious belief on the assumption (...)
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  22.  18
    Graham A. Loud, Roger II and the Creation of the Kingdom of Sicily. (Manchester Medieval Sources.) Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2012. Pp. 408. $100. ISBN: 9780719082023. [REVIEW]Joshua C. Birk - 2013 - Speculum 88 (3):825-826.
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  23. Heterological and Homological.Joshua C. Gregory - 1952 - Mind 61 (241):85-88.
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  24.  24
    Animals with Soul.Joshua C. Thurow - 2018 - Sophia 57 (1):85-101.
    I argue that ensouled animalism—the view that we are identical to animals that have immaterial souls as parts—has a pair of advantages over its two nearest rivals, materialistic animalism and pure dualism. Contra pure dualism, ensouled animalism can explain how physical predications can be literally true of us. Contra materialistic animalism, ensouled animalism can explain how animals can survive death. Furthermore, ensouled animalism has these advantages without creating any problems beyond those already faced by animalism and by belief in souls. (...)
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  25.  17
    Structure and Meaning in St. Bonaventure's Quaestiones Disputatae De Scientia Christi.Joshua C. Benson - 2004 - Franciscan Studies 62 (1):67-90.
  26. Religion, 'Religion', and Tolerance.Joshua C. Thurow - 2013 - In Steve Clark Russell Powell & Julian Savulescu (eds.), Religion, Intolerance, and Conflict: A Scientific and Conceptual Investigation. Oxford University Press. pp. 146-162.
  27.  46
    Christian Philosophical Theology. [REVIEW]Joshua C. Thurow - 2008 - Faith and Philosophy 25 (1):113-116.
  28.  25
    Evolutionary Religion, Written by J. L. Schellenberg.Joshua C. Thurow - 2016 - International Journal for the Study of Skepticism 6 (4):418-421.
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  29.  24
    Evolutionary Religion, Written by J. L. Schellenberg.Joshua C. Thurow - 2016 - International Journal for the Study of Skepticism 6 (4):418-421.
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  30.  16
    History of Science Teaching in England. By D. M. Turner M.A., B.Sc. (Lond.), Head of Science Department, Wycombe Abbey School; Research Assistant, University College, London. (London: Chapman & Hall, Ltd. 1927. Pp. X + 208. Price 7s. 6d.). [REVIEW]Joshua C. Gregory - 1928 - Philosophy 3 (10):256-.
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  31. The Concept of Mind and the Unconscious.Joshua C. Gregory - 1951 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 2 (5):52-57.
  32.  15
    A Natural History of Natural Theology, by Helen De Cruz and Johan De Smedt. [REVIEW]Joshua C. Thurow - 2016 - Faith and Philosophy 33 (3):370-374.
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  33.  16
    Evolutionary Religion. [REVIEW]Joshua C. Thurow - 2016 - International Journal for the Study of Skepticism 6 (4).
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  34.  91
    Some Theories of Laughter.Joshua C. Gregory - 1923 - Mind 32 (127):328-344.
  35.  11
    Finding Collective Sin and Recompense in Anselm’s Cur Deus Homo.Joshua C. Thurow - 2017 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 91 (3):431-446.
    Anselm’s argument in Cur Deus Homo commits him to the existence of collective sin and to Jesus’s offering recompense for the human race’s collective sin. By “collective sin” I mean sin of a collective entity—in this case, the human race. In the bulk of this paper I argue that one of Anselm’s defenses of a crucial assumption of his argument—what I call Anselm’s Principle—can succeed only on the assumption that Jesus offers recompense for the collective sin of the human race. (...)
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  36.  86
    Do We Know Other Minds Mediately or Immediately?Joshua C. Gregory - 1920 - Mind 29 (116):446-457.
  37.  6
    Parallelograms Revisited: Exploring the Limitations of Vector Space Models for Simple Analogies.Joshua C. Peterson, Dawn Chen & Thomas L. Griffiths - 2020 - Cognition 205:104440.
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  38.  25
    Triadic to Trinitarian: Kevin J. Vanhoozer's Application of JL Austin's Speech Act Theory.Joshua C. Stone - 2010 - Eleutheria: A Graduate Student Journal 1 (1):6.
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  39.  79
    Locke and the First Earl of Shaftesbury:.Joshua C. Gregory - 1952 - Mind 61 (241):89-92.
  40.  58
    Memory, Forgetfulness, and Mistakes of Recognition in Waking and Dreaming.Joshua C. Gregory - 1923 - The Monist 33 (1):15-32.
  41.  38
    The Conception of Thought as a Cyclic Process.Joshua C. Gregory - 1920 - The Monist 30 (4):503-520.
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  42.  8
    The Aesthetic and Science.Joshua C. Gregory - 1949 - Philosophy 24 (90):239 - 247.
    When a rainbow spans the sky the eye may rest with simple rapture on the arch of colours, or the mind may interpret it as an interplay between raindrops and light. This perceptibly separates the aesthetic relish of the colours from the scientific understanding of the bow. Archbishop Temple distinguished the restfulness of art from the restlessness of science. This applies to the wider aesthetic which includes natural products, such as snow-scenes or daffodils or rainbows, with the pictures, statues, buildings, (...)
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  43. Do We Know Other Minds Mediately or Immediately.Joshua C. Gregory - 1921 - Philosophical Review 30:123.
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  44.  39
    Thought and Mental Image, Art and Imitation: A Parallel.Joshua C. Gregory - 1921 - The Monist 31 (3):420-436.
  45.  11
    Cudworth and Descartes.Joshua C. Gregory - 1933 - Philosophy 8 (32):454 - 467.
    Ralph Cudworth, Doctor of Divinity, Master of Christ’s College at Cambridge, and philosophical chieftain of the Cambridge Platonists, published The True Intellectual System of the Universe in 1678 to disprove “the fatal necessity of all actions and events.” This disproof would destroy the various atheisms founded upon such “fatal necessity”; it would also correct those Christians who mistakenly honoured God by subjecting men to a divinely administered fate. Cudworth, with a constant eye on Hobbes, whom he did not name, struck (...)
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  46.  8
    Christian Philosophical Theology. [REVIEW]Joshua C. Thurow - 2008 - Faith and Philosophy 25 (1):113-116.
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  47.  31
    The Development of the Notion of Cause.Joshua C. Gregory - 1919 - The Monist 29 (4):509-519.
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  48.  3
    Review: Joshua C. Gregory, Heterological and Homological. [REVIEW]Charles A. Baylis - 1952 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 17 (3):220-220.
  49.  55
    Dreams as Psychical Explosions.Joshua C. Gregory - 1916 - Mind 25 (98):193-205.
  50.  54
    Visual Images, Words and Dreams.Joshua C. Gregory - 1922 - Mind 31 (123):321-334.
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